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መስቀሉ አበራ | እንኳን ለብርሃነ መስቀሉ በሰላም አደረሰን!

Posted by addisethiopia on September 24, 2017

Meskel (Ge’ez: መሰቀል) is an annual religious holiday in the Ethiopian Orthodox and Eritrean Orthodox Churches commemorating the discovery of the True Cross by Queen Helena (Saint Helena) in the fourth century. Meskel occurs on the 17 Meskerem in the Ethiopian calendar (September 27, Gregorian calendar, or on 28 September in leap years).

The Meskel celebration includes the burning of a large bonfire, or Demera, based on the belief that Queen Eleni had a revelation in a dream. She was told that she shall make a bonfire and that the smoke would show her where the true cross was buried. So she ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood and make a huge pile. After adding frankincense to it the bonfire was lit and the smoke rose high up to the sky and returned to the ground, exactly to the spot where the Cross had been buried

According to Ethiopian traditions, this Demera-procession takes place in the early evening the day before Meskel or on the day itself. The firewood is decorated with daisies prior to the celebration. Charcoal from the remains of the fire is afterwards collected and used by the faithful to mark their foreheads with the shape of a cross (compare Ash Wednesday). With Demera, some believe that it “marks the ultimate act in the cancellation of sins, while others hold that the direction of the smoke and the final collapse of the heap indicate the course of future events – just as the cloud of smoke the Lord over the Tabernacle offered guidance to the children of Israel (Exod. 40:34-38).

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የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ሐዘን የማንም የቡድን ጥቅም ማራመጃ መሆን የለበትም

Posted by addisethiopia on September 22, 2017

በመንግሥቴ አወቀ – ሪፖርተር ጋዜጣ 12 Aug, 2016

 

ከአንድ ዓመት ተኩል በፊት እ... በኦክቶበር 2013፣ በመቶ ቤት የሚቆጠሩ ጥገኝነት ጠያቂዎችን የያዘ ጀልባ ጣሊያን ባህር ጠረፍ ማዶ ውስጥ ሰጥሞ ከ360 በላይ ሰው ሲያልቅ፣ አገሪቷ ጣሊያን የታላላቅ የመገናኛ ብዙኃን የወሬ መተረማመሻ ሆኖ ነበር፡፡

በሰሜናዊው አፍሪካ በኩል የሜዲትራንያን ባህር አቋርጦ አውሮፓ ለመግባት እንደ ጐርፍ የሚፈሰውና ቁጥሩ እያደር የሚጨምረው ፈላሽ (መጣተኛ) ቁጥር፣ እነሆ እንደ ከሳምንት በፊት በደረሰው የ900 ሰዎች እልቂት አማካይነት ከቁጥጥር የወጣ ችግር መሆኑን በግድ እያስመዘገበ መጥቷል፡፡ ከዚህ እልቂት ሁለትና ሦስት ቀናት በፊት 550 መጣተኞች (ማይግራንትስ) ከያዘ ጀልባ ውስጥ ከ400 ያላነሱ ሰምጠው ሞተዋል፡፡

በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት የስደተኞች ከፍተኛ ኮሚሽን (UNHCR) መረጃ መሠረት፣ ሜዲትራንያን ባህርን አቋርጦ ወደ አውሮፓ የሚወስድ ዕድልና ሁኔታ እስኪመቻችላቸው ድረስ መከራ እየተቀበሉ የሚጠብቁና ሊቢያ ጠረፍ ላይ የሠፈሩ በግማሽ ሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎች አሉ፡፡ እ... 2015 በተለመደው ስቃይና መከራ ውስጥ ጣሊያን የደረሱት 20 ሺሕ ያህል ብቻ ናቸው፡፡

አብዛኞቹም የግዞት ካምፕ ውስጥ ይገኛሉ፡፡ ከአፍሪካ በሜዲትራንያን ባህር በኩል ወደ አውሮፓ የሚደረገው ጉዞ ሦስት ጎዳናዎች (መንገዶች) አሉት፡፡ አንደኛው የመንገደኞች ምንጭ ከሴኔጋል፣ ጊኒ፣ ማሊ አድርጎ ከዚህም አጋብሶ ወደ ሰሜን አፍሪካ የሚያቀናው የምዕራቡ መንገድ ነው፡፡ የናይጄሪያ፣ የጋናና የኒጀርን ወጣት እያግተለተለ በተመሳሳይ ሁኔታ ሽቅብ ወደ ትሪፖሊ አቅንቶ ወደ ላምፔዱዛ የተዘረጋው መንገድ ማዕከላዊ ይባላል፡፡ ከሶማሊያ፣ ከኤርትራ፣ ከኢትዮጵያና ከሱዳን (ዳርፉር) አሰባስቦ በሱዳን ካርቱም፣ ከዚያም በኩርፍ አጅዳቢያ ቤንጋዚ ወይም ትሪፖሊ በኩል ወደ ባህሩ የሚሄደው ደግሞ የእኛው ምሥራቃዊ መንገድ ነው፡፡ የገዛ ራሱ ገባር ወንዝ ያለው ይህ ሁሉና እያንዳንዱ መንገድ ራሱ የሜዲትራንያን ባህር ገባር ነው፡፡

ከመነሻው ከእያንዳንዱ ቤትና ጭስ ጀምሮ የሚያስመዘግበው መከራና ግፍ፣ ጭካኔና ዝርፊያ ደግሞ የእያንዳንዱ ስደተኛ ወይም መጣተኛ ‹‹ሕይወቴና የአገሬ ዕርምጃ›› ነው፡፡ አሁን ይህንን ስጽፍ ከአፍሪካ ወደ አውሮፓ አቋራጭና አጭሩ የሜዲትራንያን ባህር በኩል ለማለፍ ተራ ወረፋና ዕድል የሚጠብቁ ከግማሽ ሚሊዮን የበለጡ መከረኞች አሉ፡፡

ከእነዚህ መካከል ነው 900 ያህሉ በግፍ ሰምጠው የሞቱት፡፡ ከእነዚህ መካከል ነው 30ዎቹ በግፍ ታርደው የሞቱት፡፡ ሁለቱም ዓይነት ሞቶች ልዩ ልዩነት አላቸው እንጂ ከግድያና ከትራጀዲ በላይ ወንጀል ጭምር ናቸው፡፡

ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያ በ30ዎቹ አረመኔያዊ ግድያ ምክንያት ብሔራዊ ሐዘን ቁጭ ብላለች፡፡ የአውሮፓ ኅብረት ግዛቱ በገፍ በግፍ የሚሞቱ ስደተኞችና መጣተኞች መቃብር መሆኑ አሳፍሮት ይይዘው ይጨብጠው አጥቶ የመከራ ስብሰባ ላይ ነው፡፡ በዘጠኝ መቶ ሟቾች ውስጥ አጠራጣሪው ቁጥራቸው እንጂ ኢትዮጵያውያን ስለመኖራቸው አይደለም፡፡ ይህም ሌላ ያልተረዳነው ሐዘን ነው፡፡ በቅጡ ያላወቅነው መርዶ ነው፡፡

እንዲህ ያለ ሐዘን ወቅት ከሚያሳስቡን ጉዳዮች መካከል በዛሬው ጽሑፌ የማነሳቸው ሁለቱን ነው፡፡ የውጭ ጉዞና ሃይማኖት፡፡

  1. ጉዳዩ ከሚያነሳው ነገሮች መካከል አንዱ የውጭ ጉዞ ነው፡፡ ወደ ዓረብ አገሮች የሚወስደውን በሰሜናዊው አፍሪካ በኩል ሜድትራንያንን አቋርጦ አውሮፓ የሚያደርሰውን፣ በምሥራቅ ኢትዮጵያ በኩል በህንድ ውቅያኖስ አድርጎ መካከለኛው ምሥራቅ የሚያስገባውን፣ በምሥራቅ አፍሪካ አድርጎ ወደ ደቡብ አፍሪካ የሚወስደውን፣ ወዘተ ይህን የውጭ ጉዞ ከነስያሜው እንኳን ገና አላወቅንበትም፡፡ አልተስማማንበትም፡፡ መንግሥትና የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣናት ራሳቸው ጭምር ሌላው ቢቀር መንግሥን ያሳጣል ብለው እንኳን ሳያጠራጥሩ ስደት ይሉታል፡፡ የመንግሥትን የፖለቲካ አጀንዳ የሚሸከም መልዕክት አክለው ማስተላለፍ ሲፈልጉ ደግሞ ሕገወጥ ስደት ይሉታል፡፡

ለነገሩ አማርኛውም በ‹‹ሬፊውጂና›› እና በ‹‹ማይግራንት›› መካከል በስያሜ ልዩነት ስለማያበጅ የመገናኛ ብዙኃን ራሳቸው ይምታታባቸዋል፡፡ ስለ “IOM” ያውሩ ስለ “UNHCR” አይታወቅም፡፡ በዚህ ረገድ በዕውቀት ላይ የተመሠረተ የሚመስል ዕርምጃ ወስዶ ያየሁትና መሰንበቻቸውን ልዩነቱ ላይ አስምሮ ተደጋግሞ የሰማሁት የአማርኛው ቪኦኤ በስደትና በፍልሰት፣ በስደተኛና በፍልሰተኛ መካከል ልዩነት አበጅቶ ሲናገር ሰምቻለሁ፡፡

እንዲህ ያለ በአገር አቀፍ ደረጃ የሚሰማና የማይደበቅ ችግር በመጣ ቁጥር ተደጋግሞ የሚሰማው፣ ሙዝዝ ተብሎ የተያዘውና በሊቢያው የሚያዝያ 2007 .. ቁጣ ውስጥ አደባባይ  የወጣው የውጭ ጉዞ ጉዳይ፣ ‹‹አገር ውስጥ ሠርቶ መለወጥ›› ሲቻል የሚል አዝማች ያለው የመንግሥት ዜማ ነው፡፡ መንግሥትና የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣናት እንዲሁም በዚህ ጉዳይ ምክንያት መንግሥትና ፓርቲው የተነካካባቸውና የተሸነፈባቸው የሚመስላቸው ደጋፊዎች፣ እንዲህ ያለ ጉዳይ በተነሳ ቁጥር በመንግሥት የኢኮኖሚ፣ የዕድገትና የልማት ፖሊሲ ወይም በተከታታይ በሚመዘገበው የዕድገት ውጤት ላይ ተፈጥሮና ታሪክ ከመደብ ጠላት ጋር ተረባርቦ የማይካድ የግፍ ማስረጃ ያቀረበባቸው ስለሚመስላቸው፣ የውጭ ጉዞን ጨርሶ የሚያወግዝ፣ እንዲከለከል የሚያደርግ፣ ከዚህ ጋር የተያያዘውን ሁሉ ለችግሩና ለወንጀሉ ጭምር ካበረከተው አስተዋጽኦና ድርሻ በላይ የሚያወግዝ፣ የሚዝትና የሚረግም መከላከያቸውን በዘመቻና ‹‹በአስቸኳይ ጊዜ ሁኔታ›› መልክ ሲለፍፉ እናያለን፡፡

ኢትዮጵያዊ በገፍ በተለያዩ አቅጣጫዎች ወደ ውጭ የሚጎርፈው የኢሕአዴግን መንግሥት ለማሳጣት አይደለም፡፡ በኢሕአዴግ የዕድገትና የልማት ፖሊሲ ላይ የሕይወትና የአካል ማስረጃ ለማቅረብ አይደለም፡፡ ኢሕአዴግ ያስመዘገበው ባለሁለት አኃዝ ዕድገትም ሙሉ በሙሉ ለማስተባበል አይደለም፡፡

የተለያዩ ጉዳዮች እየተጋገዙ የውጭ ጉዞውን የግፊት ኃይል ሲበዛ ከፍ አድርገውታል፡፡ የመንግሥት ዲስኩርና የሃይማኖት መሪዎች ስብከት ‹‹የአገር ፍቅር ስሜት›› ቅስቀሳ የፈለገውን ቢሉም፣ ግፊቱና ፈተናው ከሚታገሱት በላይ ሆኖ በየቤቱ የአዲስ ዘመን ምኞት ቃል ማሰሪያ ሆኗል፡፡ በዚህ ምክንያት መንግሥት የዚህን ችግር አተያዩን ግልጽና የጠራ ማድረግ አለበት፡፡ በተለይም ደግሞ የውጭ አገር የዜጎች ጉዞን የፖሊሲው ውድቀት ማስረጃ ሆኖ ይቀርብብኛል ብሎ እየተደናገረና እየተወናበደ የአገርን አጠቃላይ ችግር ከማየት ወደሚከለከለው ደመነፍሳዊ ራስን የመከላከል ስትራቴጂው መውጣት አለበት፡፡ እናም ኢሕአዴግ ራሱ እንደሚለው ልማት የአገር የህልውና መሠረት መሆኑን እየተገነዘበ፣ በተግባርም እያስገነዘበና እያስመዘገበ ልማቱ የሚያስመዘግበው ዕድገትና ውጤት የሥራ ሥምሪቱን እያስፋፋና እያፋፋመ መሆኑን ከማረጋገጥ ጋር፣ የውጭ ጉዞን አታንሱብኝ ከማለት አባዜው መውጣት አለበት፡፡ ‹‹በአገር ውስጥ ሠርቶ መሻሻል ሲቻል›› ማለት መፈክሩንም ‹‹የደመኛ ጠላቶቹ›› (ወደ ውጭ ሄደው በሚደርስባቸው ችግር ‹‹የሚያሳጡትን››) እና ደጋፊዎቻቸው መምቻ ከማድረግ ተራ ጨዋታ መውጣት አለበት፡፡

ኢትዮጵያና ኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ የደረሰው የ2007 .. የሊቢያ ጭፍጨፋም ሆነ ማንኛውም አጋጣሚ ደግሞ በውጭ ጉዞና በሌሎችም አርዕስቶች ላይ (ለምሳሌ አሸባሪነት፣ ሃይማኖት ወዘተ) የሚቀርቡትን አስተያየቶች ከውይይት በላይ ማድረግ የለበትም፡፡ ከውይይት በላይ የሆነ፣ አላናግርም፣ ሐሳብን መግለጽ አልፈቅድም የሚል ምንም ዓይነት የመንግሥትም ሆነ የማንም አቋምና እምነት የለም፡፡ የውጭ ጉዞው አሁን የሊቢያው ጉዳይ በቀረበበት መልክ የሚጠይቀውንና የሚያስከፍለውን የገንዘብ ወጪ እያነሱና እየጣሉ፣ ከፍተኛነቱን እያሳዩ (ይህ የቀበጡ ወይም የደላቸው ሰዎች በገዛ ራሳቸው ያመጡት ችግር ነው ዓይነት) የመንግሥትን አቋምና መከላከያ ብቻ እየወቀጡ ዜና መሥራት፣ የዚህ ተቃራኒ መከራከርያ፣ ከዚህ የተለየ ሐሳብ እንዳይቀርብ መከልከል፣ አገር ሌላው ቀርቶ የጋራ ሐዘን እንዳይኖራት የሚከለክል አለማወቅ ነው፡፡

በአጠቃላይ የውጭ ጉዞን ራሱን የዚህ ሁሉ መከራና ስቃይ ዋነኛ ምክንያት ማድረግ፣ በጉዞው ውስጥ የሚከሰከሰውን (ገና ልክና መልኩ ተዘርዝሮ ያልታወቀውን) ገንዘብ አንፃራዊ መጠን እያወሱ (ሲሉ የሰሙትን) የ‹‹ካልጠገቡ አይዘሉ፣ ካልዘለሉ አይሰበሩ›› መከራከሪያና ብያኔ መስጠት፣ በየአቅጣጫው ከኢትዮጵያ አንድ ወረዳ ወይም ዞን እስከ ሊቢያ የባህር ዳር ድረስ ያለውን የውጭ ጉዞ የደላላ መዓት ብቸኛው የወንጀል ድርጊቱ ተካፋይ አድርጎ ማሳየት፣ በሕጋዊው የውጭ ጉዞ ሰንሰለትና ፌርማታ ውስጥ በመላ መንግሥት የተዋጣለት ሥርዓት የዘረጋ ይመስል፣ መደበኛ ያልሆነውን የጉዞ መስመር ብቻ የችግራችን ምንጭ ማድረግ ሕመማችንን የሚያሳይ አካሄድ አይደለም፡፡

የውጭ ጉዞ ሲባል ሁልጊዜም የሚነሳው ይህ ዘፈኖች ሁሉ ተባብረውና ተረባርበው የሚዘምርለት፣ በጅምላ ‹‹ስደት›› የሚባለው ብቻ አይደለም፡፡ ኢትዮጵያውያን የሕክምና ባለሙያዎች ለምሳሌ ወደ ውጭ አገር የሚፈልሱት ለ‹‹ስደት›› አይደለም፡፡ በቃሉ ትክክለኛ ትርጉም አገር ወይም የፖለቲካ ሥርዓቱ አላስቆም አላስቀምጥ ብሏቸው፣ ‹‹አሳዷቸው›› አይደለም፡፡ ሲሉ እንደምንሰማው እንደ ቦትስዋና ባሉ አገሮችም በተግባር እንደሚታየው፣ የኢትዮጵያ የሕክምና ባለሙያዎች በውጭ አገር ገበያ ውስጥ ተፈላጊ ናቸው፡፡ እንደዚህ ያለና ከዚህ ዓይነት ፍላጎት የተነሳ የባለሙያ ፍልሰትም በተለይ መንግሥትን ያሳስበዋል፡፡

በዚህም የተነሳ መንግሥት ከባለሙያዎች ጋር ቢያንስ ቢያንስ የሚያሻክር፣ ከመብት ጋር አልገጥም የሚል ከከፍተኛ የትምህርት ተቋም ጀምሮ እስከ የሥራ ውል ይዘት ድረስ የማራዘም የመከላከያ ዕርምጃ ሲወስድ ይታያል፡፡ የክልከላ ዕርምጃውም፣ የዕርምጃውም ዓላማ ግን ከአገር ልማት አጠቃላይ ግብ ጋር አይጣጣምም፡፡ በርካታ ባለሙያዎች ከኢትዮጵያ ወደ ውጭ መፍለሳቸው ማስፈራትም ማሳሰብም የለበትም፡፡ ይልቁንም የኢትዮጵያ ሙያተኛ በውጭ በመፈለጉ ተደስተን በተሻለ የችሎታና የሥነ ምግባር ብቃት ገበያውን ለመሙላት፣ እንዲሁም ለማስፋፋት በአገሪቱ ውስጥ ያለውን ፍላጎትም ለመሸፈን የሚችል የሰው ኃይል በየጊዜው ማፍራት፣ ኢትዮጵያ ልትረባረብበት የሚገባ አንድ የልማት ዕቅድ መሆን አለበት፡፡

በአሪቱ ውስጥ ያለውን የባለሙያ ፍላጎት ለመሸፈን የሚችል የውስጥ የሰው ኃይል ፍላጎት ሲባል መታሰብ ያለበት የኢትዮጵያ ዜጋ ወይም የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የውስጥ ፍላጎት ብቻ አይደለም፡፡ ጥራትና ደረጃቸው ከለሙት አገሮች ጋር የተመጣጠኑ የሕክምና ወይም የመዝናኛ አገልግሎቶችን በቀላል ዋጋ ማቅረብ አንዱ የውጭ ምንዛሪ መሳቢያ ነው፡፡

የተሻለ የሥራና የገቢ ዕድል ወዳለበት አገር ሄዶ መሥራትም ነውር የለበትም፡፡ ሌሎች ከእኛ የተሻሉ አገሮችም በሥራ አጥነት ማስተንፈሻ ይጠቀሙበታል፡፡ ወደ መካከለኛም ምሥራቅ ለሥራ የሚሄዱ ኢትዮጵያውያን ጉዳይም ከዚህ የተለየ አይደለም፡፡ እዚህ ውስጥ መንግሥት ሥራውን፣ ሥራው ካልሆነው ለይቶ ማወቅ አለበት፡፡ የመንግሥት ሥራ ከውጭ የሥራ ዕድሎች ዕውቀት ጋር ባህልና ሕግ ነክ መረጃዎችና የምክር አገልግሎት ተሟልተው የሚገኙበትን ሕጋዊ መንገዶች ማመቻቸት ነው፡፡

በውጭ በሚሠሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ የሚደርሱ ጥቃቶችንበአግባቡ ለመከላከልና ለመጠየቅ የሚያስችል (እዚህ አገር ቤትም ሆነ በውጭ) ሥርዓት አለመዘርጋትና ለዚህም ዝግጁና ብቁ ሆኖ አለመገኘት፣ አስጊ ወይም ጠንቀኛ ሁኔታዎች ሲኖሩም ከማሳወቅ እስከ ጉዞ ማገድና ዜጎችን እስከመጥራት የሚደርስ ዕርምጃ አለመውሰድ ማስጠየቅ አለበት፡፡

በዚህ ዘርፍ ያለው የመንግሥት ግዴታ ገና ያልተነካ መሆኑን የግል ሥራና ሠራተኛ ኤጀንሲ የሚባለው ሕግ ራሱ የተጓዘበትን ውጣ ውረድና አሁንም ድረስ የታገደ መሆኑን ማየት ብቻ ይበቃል፡፡

2. አሁን ያጋጠመው አረመኔያዊ የወንጀል ድርጊት በተፈጸመበት መልክ ‹‹በጥንቃቄ››ም ቢሆን ያነሳው የሃይማኖት ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ ሃይማኖትን ከጉዳዩ ጋር ያያያዘው ደግሞ በጭራሽ የውጭ ጉዞ አይደለም፡፡ በ30ዎቹ ወገኖቻችን ላይ የተፈጸመውን የግፍ አገዳደል ወንጀል በጥንቃቄ ከሚነሳ ሃይማኖት ጋር ያገናኘው አሸባሪነት ነው፡፡ በዚህ ምክንያት ይህን ጉዳይ እየፈሩና እየቸሩ ሳይሆን በግልጽና አፍታቶ መጋፈጥ ያስፈልጋል ብዬ አምናለሁ፡፡

‹‹አገር የጋራ ነው፣ ሃይማኖት የግል ነው፤›› ማለት ለረዥም ጊዜ በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች ውስጥ የነበረ መዳከር የሌለባቸውን ሁለት መብቶች ቁልጭ አድርጎ የሚያሳይ፣ ችግሮች እንዳይፈጠሩ ሲጠብቅና ሲፈጠሩም መፍቻ ሆኖ ሲያገለግል የቆየ ቁልፍ የአብሮነት መመርያ ነው፡፡ ዛሬም ይህ መመርያ በዜጎች ግንኙነት ንቃተ ህሊና ውስጥ ያለው ዋልታነት መጠናከር አለበት፡፡ ክርስትናና እስልምና ከውጭ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ በተቀዳዳሚ ጊዜ ውስጥ የገቡ መሆናቸው ይታወቃል፡፡ የሃይማኖቶች አገባብ ከኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች ጥንተ አመጣጥ ጋር የተያያዘ አይደለም፡፡ ይህ እውነት እንደተጠበቀ ሆኖ ‹‹ከትውልድ ትውልድ ሲወርድ የመጣ›› የሚለው አባባል ለሁለቱም ሃይማኖቶች ማገልገል ይችላል፡፡

ነገር ግን ኢትዮጵያን ከአንድ ሃይማኖት ጋር የማዛመድም ሆነ በአካባቢ ደረጃ ያለን የቋንቋና የሃይማኖት ሥርጭታዊ ክምችትን መሠረት በማድረግ አናሳውን እንደ ባይተዋር የመቁጠር አመለካከት፣ እንዲሁም በቅርቡ የገቡ እምነቶችን ተከባሪነት ከኦርቶዶክስ ክርስትናና ከእስልምና አሳንሶ ማሰብ የተሳሳተና የሚያሳስት ነው፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ የክርስቲያኖች፣ የሙስሊሞች፣ የሌሎች እምነት ተከታዮችም አገር ናት፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ የጋራችን እምነት የግል

ከደርግ በፊት ክርስትና የመንግሥት ሃይማኖት ስለነበር እስልምና በ‹‹ክርስትያኗ›› ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ውሱን ሥፍራ ያለው እምነት ተደርጎ ይታሰብ ነበር፡፡ ደርግ ሃይማኖትንና መንግሥትን ከመለየት ዘሎ ሃይማኖትን የማፈንና የማዳከም ፖሊሲ ነበረው፡፡ ኢሕአዴግ ደግሞ ከደርግ በፊትና በደርግ ጊዜ የነበረውን ችግር ለማስወገድ ሞክሯል፡፡

ነገር ግን የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ሃይማኖቶችን በደጋፊ ማሰባሰቢያነት ወይም በማስጠሊያንት ሊገለገሉባቸው መሞከራቸው ገና አልቀረም፡፡ ከአሥር ዓመት በፊት በ1997 ምርጫ ጊዜ የግል መብቶችን ያጠበቀውን ወገን በመቃረን ኢሕአዴግ ስለቡድን መብት አስፈላጊነት ሲያስረዳ፣ ከብሔር መብት ሌላ ሙስሊሙ ወገን ያገኘውን የእምነት እኩልነት ጠብቆ የማቆየትን ጉዳይ መጠቃቀሱ፣ እንዲሁም የተቃዋሚዎች ወገኖችም ኢሕአዴግ በሙስሊሙ ላይ አደረሰ የሚሉትን በደል መቁጠራቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ ይህን የመሰለ ሃይማኖቶችን ምርኩዝ ያደረጉ ግልጽና ስውር የፕሮፖጋንዳ ቅስቀሳዎች በተለይ በሥልጣን ላይ የተቀመጠውን ፓርቲ ላንዱ ወይም ለሌላው ሃይማኖት ልዩ ተቆርቋሪነት ያለው የሚያስመስል ግንዛቤ ሊያስከትሉ ይችላሉ፡፡ መንግሥት ለዚህም ሆነ ለዚያ ሃይማኖት ያደላል የሚል አስተሳሰብ እንዳይፈጠርበት ተጠንቅቆ መሥራቱ ለተስሚነቱም ሆነ ለሃይማኖቶቹ ጤናማ ግንኙነት፣ ብሎም ለአገሪቱ ሰላም መሠረታዊ ነው፡፡ አንደኛውና ሃይማኖትን የሚመለከተው አጠቃላይ ጉዳይ ይኼው ነው፡፡

ይህን የሚደግፉ ሌሎች ዝርዝር ነጥቦችም አሉ፡፡ ሃይማኖትን መስበክ መብት ቢሆንም የሌላው መብት የሚነካበትን ወሰን አበክሮ ማወቅና ማክበር ደግሞ የግድ ነው፡፡ አንድ ሰው በአንድ ሃይማኖት ውስጥ ረግቶ የሚቆየው ከሎጂክ ይልቅ በእምነት ፅናት ነው፡፡ ዛሬ ባለንበት የመቻቻልና የመከባበር ባህል ዝቅተኛነት ደረጃ የሃይማኖት ክርክር መግጠም ከጥቅሙ ጉዳቱ ሊበልጥ መቻሉን አውቆ መቆጠቡ ይመረጣል፡፡

በእምነት ተቋምም ውስጥ ሆነ በጽሑፍና በሌላ የመገናኛ ዘዴ የሌላውን እምነት እየተቹ እምነትን ማስተማር አደገኛ ትንኮሳ አለበት፡፡ አንድ ሃይማኖት ማስተማር ያለበት ለእምነቱ ምሰሶ በሆኑ በራሱ መጻሕፍት ላይ ተመሥርቶ እንጂ፣ ከሌላው የእምነት መጻሕፍት እየመዘዘ መሆን የለበትም፡፡

የትኛውም ወገን ማንኛውንም እምነት የማረምና የመተቸት መብት የለውም፡፡ እምነቴ ስህተት ነው የሚል ሃይማኖተኛ በዓለም ላይ የለም፡፡ የእኔ ሃይማኖት ልክ ነው ባይነት ግን የሌላውን ልክ ነኝ ባይነት ከማክበር ጋር መጣመር አለበት፡፡

ስለዚህም አሁንም ‹‹አገር የጋራ ነው፣ ሃይማኖት የግል ነው፤›› የሌላውን ሃይማኖት ሳያከብሩ የራስን ማስከበር ያዳግታል፡፡ ሌላም ተጨማሪ መጤን ያለበት ጉዳይ አለ፡፡ ዛሬ፣ ‹‹ሃይማኖት›› የተለያየ ፍላጎት መሸፈኛና ማራመጃ ሆኖ የሚያገለግልበት ዘመን ላይ ደርሰናል፡፡ የዘንድሮ ሌባ ሳይቀር ሃይማኖት አጥባቂ መስሎ በመቅረብ ሙሉ ለሙሉ እስኪታመን ድረስ ጠብቆ በገፍና በእጅጉ ማጭበርበር አምጥቷል፡፡

በዓለም ውስጥ የተደራጀ ቡድንን ጥቅም ለማሟላትና ፖለቲካዊ ጥላቻንና በቀልን ለመወጣት፣ ሃይማኖት ሲያገለግል ብሎም የአዕምሮ ቀውሶች መጫወቻ ሲሆን ማየት አዲስ አይደለም፡፡

በተለያዩ ጊዜያት እንደ ክርስቶስ ሞተን እንነሳለን በማለት ራሳቸውንና ተከታዮቻቸውን በመርዝ የጨረሱ ወፈፌዎች ተከስተዋል፡፡ በኡጋንዳ ውስጥ በሕዝብ ላይ ግፍ ሲውል፣ የቆየው ሎርድ ሬዚስታንስ አርሚ (LRA) ራሱን የጌታ አምላክ ሠራዊት ብሎ የሰየመና ለኦሪት ሥርዓት ቆሜያለሁ ባይ ሆኖ ነው፡፡

በእስልምናም በኩል ታሪክን ወደኋለኛው ዘመን ሊመልሱ የሚሞክሩና የሚጥሩ አሉ፡፡ በተለያዩ ቦታዎች በተለይም በቅርቡ ሊቢያ ውስጥ የተፈጸመው ወንጀል ለእስልምና እምነት ከመቆም ጋር ፊጽሞ የማይዛመድ የታመመ ተግባር ነው፡፡

እንደዚህ ዓይነት ለእምነቱ ከመገዛትም ሆነ ከመቆም ጋር ፈጽሞ የማይገናኝ ይልቁንም የሚቃረን አደጋና ጥቃት ሲያጋጥም፣ በስሙ የተነገደበት የትኛውም ሃይማኖት ተከታዮች እንደ ‹‹ተከሳሽ›› የሚቆጠሩበት ይቅርታ የመጠየቅ ያህል ለተለያዩ ሥነ ሥርዓታዊ ግርግር የሚዳረጉበት አሠራር የትም ቦታ ጤናማ አይደለም፡፡

እስካሁን ያሳነው በመንግሥት በኩል አለ ያልነውን ነው፡፡ የመንግሥት ተቃዋሚዎችም ከደሙ ንፁህ አይደሉም፡፡ አንዳንዴ ሲታሰብ የሚያስደነግጥ ነገር የሚደገስ መሆኑ ይሸታል፡፡ ሐዘን በተቀመጠች ኢትዮጵያ ‹‹ድንኳን›› ውስጥ ድንገት ከሰላሳ በላይ ሰው ሞቶ፣ ይህን ያህል ሕዝብ አልቆ በዚህም መንግሥት ቢሳጣ፣ ቢከሰስና ቢወገዝ ተብሎ ለዚህ ውጤት የሚከናወን ሥራ ያለ ይመስላል፡፡ ይህ የጤነኛ ፖለቲካ አካሄድ አይደለም፡፡ ጨርሶ ፖለቲካም አይሆንም፡፡ ፖለቲካ በሥልጣን ላይ ያለውን መንግሥት ከማውረድና ከመተካት በላይና ከዚህ የተለየ ዓላማና ግብ አለው፡፡ መንግሥትን መቃወምና ማሳጣት ወንጀልም ነውርም አይደለም፡፡ መቃወምንና ማሳጣትን በተለይም በሕዝብ ሕይወትና ደም ዋጋ፣ ዓላማና ግብ ማድረግ ግን በጭራሽ ፖለቲካ አይደለም፡፡

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Atheists Are Less Open-Minded Than Religious People, Study Claims

Posted by addisethiopia on September 15, 2017

Researchers at the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium suggest religious believers ‘seem to better perceive and integrate diverging perspectives’

Religious people are more tolerant of different viewpoints than atheists, according to researchers at a Catholic university.

A study of 788 people in the UK, France and Spain concluded that atheists and agnostics think of themselves as more open-minded than those with faith, but are are actually less tolerant to differing opinions and ideas.

Religious believers “seem to better perceive and integrate diverging perspectives”, according to psychology researchers at the private Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium’s largest French-speaking university.

Filip Uzarevic, who co-wrote the paper, said his message was that “closed-mindedness is not necessarily found only among the religious”. told Psypost:

In our study, the relationship between religion and closed-

Source

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The Internet And Spiritual Experience

Posted by addisethiopia on September 14, 2017

The rabid development of information technology over the past two decades has truly brought about unexpected results, of which we could not even dream in the seventies and even eighties. The Internet, e-mail, web-based resources, social networks: they are part of our everyday life, work, science, education, art, and entertainment. The Internet has allowed us to reduce or even abolish distance. Thus, news can be transmitted through the Internet from one end of the earth to another in a couple of seconds – we have all had this experience. Conversations, sometimes even involving eye contact, now take place smoothly, regardless of distance. The only condition is that the user have Internet access. Indeed, the use of the Internet is so simple that any child or elderly person can easily use it.

In this same manner, the Word of God can be transmitted anywhere in the world. In this way, that which is happening here in Athens before an audience of 100 people can be recorded and sent to thousands or even millions of users, or even transmitted online.

But we should realize that the Word of God is not simple human speech, but bears Divine Energy, which can spiritually revive man and truly comfort him – and this can happen through the Internet. We know of many cases when various people – atheists, idolaters from India, Japan, and Nepal – have found Orthodoxy through the Internet and been reborn, because they found the truth that they were looking for in this life; they found Christ.

Not long ago the Hollywood actor Jonathan Jackson visited our monastery. I asked him how he became Orthodox. He told me that the Internet had very much helped him. On the other hand, thanks to the Internet, Christians who had departed from God have returned to Him, found themselves, and found their place in this world. There are people who had been on the verge of absolute frustration and, having listened to some talks on the Internet, found the necessary spiritual strength and hope, and are now developing spiritually.

Of course, the Orthodox Word of God is less present on the Internet compared to other words. When I speak of other words, I mean science, economics, politics, and even such phenomena as fashion, show business, or even certain corrupting resources that, unfortunately, are often visited.

It seems to me that today the Word of God must have a strong and powerful presence online. The majority of people today are disoriented, constantly falling at an impasse. In this era, only the Word of God can comfort man, inform him, and assure him of the possibility of eternal life. The Word of God transmitted through the Internet can have a healing function for man.

The creation of digital libraries with relevant content can and should be encouraged and multiplied. The heritage and wisdom of the Holy Fathers, with their remarkable texts, should be used as much as possible in the most modern and optimal way. The digitization and categorization of the Holy Fathers enables Internet users to find texts and information on topics of interest to them. Moreover, the digitization and promotion through webpages of the Word of God, especially the teachings of the Holy Fathers as well as of the Elders of the twentieth century, will bring spiritual benefit to our contemporaries.

Elder Ephraim of Katounakia said: “Oh, what it pity that it wasn’t possible to record the sayings of the Elder Joseph.” We understand that it is truly important when things are uttered by people who have experienced and gained personal experience in the unseen spiritual warfare. St. Paisios said: “Write down everything that is spiritual that you hear, as well as the experience that you have heard from others, because there will come a time when this experience will be exhausted, and you will have a spiritual deficiency.” Indeed, over the past few years there has been great growth in the publication of books of theological content, especially in Greece, but also in other Orthodox countries.

But, unfortunately, there are Orthodox who, due to language barriers, do not have access to these valuable texts. Moreover, the ordinary book, printed on paper, is now in a serious crisis. At the same time, sales of electronic books are growing. Therefore, we can say that we can make use of this trend. We can say that all this is good and God-pleasing, when everything goes correctly.

The Internet is a modern tool that promotes globalization. Those who would like to spread their ideas for global history, global economics, a global state, and a global leader know how to make use of the Internet – and, indeed, they use it at a high level. Why should not we, the Orthodox, use this instrument for promoting the global role of Orthodoxy? Why should we not use it for uniting the Orthodox and its mission in the known world?

The proper use of the Internet depends upon the user. Of course, the Internet cannot replace living contact. Of course, no one can attain a given level of spirituality through the Internet alone. Orthodoxy is person-centered. Priority also goes to the essential value of the person, to the individual person. The Internet is a tool, an instrument, that helps and benefits us – but in order for the faithful to lead an authentic spiritual life, it is required that he have personal contact with his spiritual father.

In the same way, it is essential to have communication with other brethren, in order to experience love and to participate in all the Mysteries of the Church. Of course, there are also cases in which excessive use of the Internet, even for good and spiritual purposes, can create dependence, resulting in asocial isolation and a detrimental effect on one’s personhood. Thus, the Internet can have negative results: instead of leading the user closer to Christ is can, on the contrary, lead him away from God. Therefore we bear the great responsibility of promoting and sharing the Word of God using the most creative, useful, and modern methods – but we should also inform our flock about how to use the Internet profitably, emphasizing all the negative effects that can be caused by the misuse of this technology.

Source

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Under Pelosi and Barack Obama: 709,885 Blacks Killed by Abortion, 35.4% of All Abortions

Posted by addisethiopia on September 13, 2017

ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ!

When Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) was Speaker of the House for four years (2007-2010), at least 709,885 black babies were killed by abortion, which is 35.4% of all the abortions during those years, according to the Abortion Surveillance reports of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The CDC accumulates abortion data every year and publishes the numbers by state and race and other criteria. However, not all states report abortion data to the CDC, and/or do not break it down by race or ethnicity, or do not meet reporting standards, states the CDC.

For example, in 2010, there were only 28 reporting areas; another 24 areas did not report. These included California, Florida, Illinois, Hawaii, Arizona, Maryland, and Massachusetts, among other states. Thus, the number of black abortions or white abortions reported by the CDC is likely much lower than the real number.

Nonetheless, the CDC’s Abortion Surveillance report for 2007, in Table 12,

shows there were 212,664 black abortions — 36.5% of the total.

  • In 2008, there were 194,694 black abortions — 34.0% of the total.
  • In 2009, there were 154,266 black abortions — 35.4% of the total.
  • In 2010, there were 148,261 black abortions — 35.7% of the total.

In all, that equals 709,885 black abortions — 35.4% of the total — during the four years that Nancy Pelosi was Speaker of the House, based upon the areas that reported to the CDC.

There were a total 1,918,419 abortions during those four years.

Blacks make up 13.3% of the U.S. population, according to the Census Bureau.

In 2015, Planned Parenthood, the nation’s largest abortion provider, presented then-Speaker Pelosi (D-Calif.) with the Margaret Sanger Award. The award is Planned Parenthood’s “highest honor” and is named for a woman who believed in breeding better humans through eugenics and even promoted her birth control philosophy to female members of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK).

Source

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Russian Patriarch: Soviet Persecution Was ‘hardest Page’ In Church’s History

Posted by addisethiopia on September 12, 2017

Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, paid tribute to his predecessor, Patriarch Sergius I, who governed the Church from 1925 to 1944.

Ninety years ago, Patriarch Sergius controversially declared his “absolute loyalty” to the Communist regime in an attempt to ensure the Church’s survival.

Metropolitan Sergius took that step without violating by any means either the dogmata or canons,” his current successor said. “His did it to create prerequisites for possible development of relations with the state and for consolidating the situation of the Church in the then Soviet Union.”

Nonetheless, the Church entered “an epoch of terrible persecution” under Stalin, said Patriarch Kirill.

It is the gravest page of our national history, the hardest page in the history of the Church,” he added, as he paid tribute to the “new martyrs and confessors, who remained faithful to Christ, did not waver in their faith and did not reject God and the Church.”

Source

Orthodox Christian Outrage As Film Cleared

Russian Orthodox Christians have protested against the decision to release a film depicting Nicholas II’s affair with a teenage ballerina.

Opponents of Matilda have gathered signatures against the film. Earlier this month, several hundred people gathered to outside a Moscow church, praying for the movie to be banned.

On Thursday, however, the Russian Culture Ministry finally announced that the film had received official clearance for release.

Nicholas II, Russia’s last tsar, was canonised by the Russian Orthodox Church in 2000, and is still a divisive figure in Russia 100 years after his death.

As Russia marks the centenary of the year that saw Vladimir Lenin’s Bolsheviks get into power, the film’s trailer has shown intimate scenes involving Matilda Kshesinskaya and Nicholas II who was killed by the Bolsheviks in 1918.

Many of the film’s critics see it as blasphemy against the emperor, who is still greatly revered by the Russian Orthodox Church.

Both the film’s defenders and its critics have appealed to the Kremlin which has not publicly entered the debate.

Vyasheslav Telnov, the head of the Russian Culture Ministry’s film department, said: “There is no censorship in Russia, and the ministry of culture stays away from any ideological views of beliefs. A feature film can’t be banned for political or ideological motives.”

Nevertheless, the Russian Orthodox Church still exercises significant pressure in Russia. It has recently played a role in the shutting down of an exhibition displaying nude photos and the cancellation of a performance of the musical Jesus Christ Superstar.

Source

 

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መስከረም 2፡ 1967 | ግርማዊ ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ በንግሥት ኤሊሳቤጥ እና በሲ.አይ.ኤ. ወኪል በመንግስቱ ከመገደላቸው በፊት ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ የተሰማው ድምጻቸው

Posted by addisethiopia on September 12, 2017

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እንቁጣጣሽ መልካም አዲስ ፪ሺ፲ ዓመት

Posted by addisethiopia on September 7, 2017

እንቁጣጣሽ መልካም አዲስ ፪ሺ፲ ዓመት

ዘመነ ማርቆስ

ዘመን አልፎ ዘመን ሲተካ

ሳር ቅጠሉ ሁሉ ሲፈካ

ዝናም በሙቀት ሊተካ

ብርሃን ጨለማን ሲተካ

እንቁጣጣሽ፡ እንቁጣጣሽ!!

ደህና ጊዜን ይዘሽ ደግሞ ደግሞ ያምጣሽ

እርቅ ነው ፍቅር ነው ለኛ አዲስ ዘመን

የሚታረቀውን እናቀናለን፡ አረሙን እንነቅላለን።

፪ሺ፲ የውዲቷ ኢትዮጵያ ጠላቶች የሚያፍሩበት፡

ልዩ ዘመን ሕዝባችን የሚነቃበት።

እንቁጣጣሽ በያመቱ ያምጣሽ!

መልካም አዲስ አመት!

መልካም አዲስ ፪ሺ፲ አመት – Happy Ethiopian New 2010 Year!

መጭው የ፪ሺ፲ አመት፡ የሰላም፣ የፍቅር፣ የጤና እና የደስታ ዘመን ይሁንልን !!!

ኢትዮጵያ በእግዚአብሔር የመሰረተችና በቅዱሳን ቃል ኪዳን የተጠበቀች፤ ከሁል በላይ ደግሞ የእመቤታችን አስራት አገር ስለሆነች እንኳን በአገር ዉስጥ ለጥፋቷ የተሰለፉ አይደለም፤ እርሷን ለማጥፋት የተሰለፉ የዉጭ መንግሥታት በሙሉ በእግዚአብሔር ቁጣ ይጠፋሉ፤ ከምድር ይጠረጋሉ። እርሷ ግን በእግዚአብሔር መንግሥትነቷ እስከ ዓለም ፍጻሜ ድረስ ትቆያለች። ታዲያ አሁን ቢሆን “የአዲሲቷ ኢትዮጵያ መሪዎች ነን” እያሉ በኢትዮጵያና በኢትዮጵያዊነት ላይ የሚያላግጡ ሆኑ እርሷን ለማጥፋት የተሰለፉ የተለያዩ ቡድኖችና ድርጅቶች እንዲሁም መንግሥታትና ግለሰቦች ዛሬ ነገ ሳይሉ በእዉነተኛ ንስሐ ለእግዚአብሔር እጃቸዉን ቢሰጡና ወደማንነታቸዉ ወይንም ወደ ኢትዮጵያዊነታቸዉ ቢመለሱ የሚበጃቸዉ እንደሆነ በዚሁ አጋጣሚ መልእክቱን አቀርባለሁ።

ኢትዮጵያ እንኳን ዜጎቿን “ኢትዮጵያዉያን ነን” የሚሉትን ቀርቶ የዓለምን ሕዝብ ትመራለች ብንላችሁ “ኡ!!“ልትል ስለምትችህሉ የንስሐ እድሜ ካገኛችሁ ተፈጽሞ እንደምታዩ እንነግራችኋለን።

ንቡረ እድ ኤርምያስ ከበደ ወልደ ኢየሱስ

September 11: A Conspiracy Against Jesus, The Virgin Mary & Ethiopia?

Meskerem 1, 2010 Ethiopian Calendar or Sept. 11, 2017 Gregorian Calendar is right around the corner. Let’s get ready for that unique date with the following stunning curiosities:

Ethiopians have been celebrating their New Year’s Day on September 11 and September 12 (on a leap year) for two millenniums. Around the world, in the US, in particular, September 11th is now remembered because of 9/11when two hijacked aircraft crashed into the New York World Trade Center where nearly 3,000 people were tragically murdered (sacrificed) by anti-Christian Muslims.

For many today, September 11, is a terrible day full of bad memories and the loss of loved ones. But, I am convinced that it is not coincidental that the forces of the anti-Christ picked this day which is full of joy and make it into a day of terror and sorrow. May be Sept. 11 has some transcendent significance because God chose that day to issue a severe warning – or “Harbinger,” as best-selling author Jonathan Cahn calls it – to a nation that was once consecrated to Him, just as ancient Israel was.

Perhaps the September attack in New York, was an attack on Ethiopia, perhaps, on Christianity, because Ethiopians are unknowingly celebrating The Birth of Our “Medhane Alem” Savior Jesus Christ on this very day? There has always been much debate as to when Jesus was actually born.

When was Jesus Born? Is it December 25th or January 7th (Ethiopian calendar)?

According to the well-known Ethiopian religious scholar, Nibure-id Ermias, not only is Our Lord Jesus Christ born on Meskerem 1 – which is The First Day of the first month (Spring) in the Ethiopian Calendar (September 11) — but also Our Blessed Mother Virgin Mary and other Saints and Holy Men.

The following fascinating argument is taken from his website:

The True Date of the Birth of Our Lord Jesus Christ that we, Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant in the Faith and Services of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God, observe to date is, according to the Biblical Ethiopian Calendar, Meskerem 1 (September 11 Gregorian Calendar).

Here are few of the basic premises to this Divine Truth:

1. As God, initially on this date, gave birth to His First Creation of a vulnerable human-being in His Own Image with a corrupt material Universe for him to enjoy, so also did He, as The Incarnate God, was born on this same date as The Second invincible Man of the final Spiritual Creation so that the former would live eternally in the Perfect Kingdom of God, the New Earth and Heavens.

2. The 5500 years span of the Era of Divine Condemnation exacted at the inauguration of Creation upon Adam and Eve and their offspring ends, and the New Year of the Milleniums of Divine Mercy that resulted from the fulfillment of the Divine Promise made to them then begins in the Birth of The Incarnate God The Son on this date.

3. The time of the year when Joseph and the Virgin Mary, for the fulfillment of the prophetic Birth of The Incarnate Son of God, traveled to Bethlehem to be registered in their native city in compliance with the “Decree that went out from Augustus Caesar for all the world to be registered”, and the “Shepherds” who were blessed to witness the angelic glory of the Lord, “stayed out in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night” could never be during the snowy winter month of December, but, according to the Gospels, that late summer month of Meskerem (September). (Lk. 2/1-20)

So, could The Date Jesus Was Born be linked To 9/11?

Again, In New York, 3000 people were sacrificed to Lucifer on September 11, 2001. In Benghazi, Libya the American ambassador and many other were sacrificed to Lucifer on September 11, 2012. In Mecca, Saudi Arabia, on September 11, 2015, the weather angels caused a sudden thunderstorm over desert Mecca that toppled a crane on worshipers in a mosque. Over 100 were killed and over 200 injured, and two weeks later over 3000 Luciferian pilgrims were sacrificed there.

Year after year, Muslim clerics observe the moon’s positions to set the perfect date for one of their significant religious holidays. Eid al-Adha, the Islamic feast of slaughter, which is always scheduled by the lunar cycle to determine when hordes of Muslim men should flood the streets and inhumanely butcher thousands of animals. So, when the Muslim leaders discovered that the holiday is expected to fall on September 11, you can guess whether or not they decided to reschedule their mass celebration in ‘respect’ to the catastrophic event. So, Eid was expected on September 11 but based on moon sighting the date confirmed by Saudi Arabia is September 12 – which is also an Ethiopian New Year’s Day (on a leap year)

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Is This Unearthed Fishing Village The Birthplace Of Three Of Jesus’ Apostles?

Posted by addisethiopia on September 6, 2017

Archaeologists excavating in northern Israel believe they may have discovered the biblical city of Bethsaida, the hometown of three of Jesus’ apostles on the shores of the Sea of Galilee.

For decades archaeologists have searched for the fishing village where apostles Peter, Andrew and Philip lived, according to the New Testament. Three possible sites in the area had been identified but all were inconclusive.

This summer, however, during the second year of excavating, a team from Israel’s Kinneret College discovered remnants of a Roman-era bathhouse, potsherds and coins from the first to third centuries.

These findings are consistent with the chronicles of the 1st century historian Josephus Flavius, who wrote that the Roman King Philip Herod transformed the small village of Bethsaida into a polis, or city state, called Julias.

He didn’t specify whether he built it directly on top of the village or nearby, but the presence of a Roman bathhouse says this was once an urban area,” said Mordechai Aviam, head of the Institute of Galilean Archaeology at Kinneret College, and lead archeologist for the excavation.

Aviam noted that the layer from the Roman period was found roughly six feet below a layer from the Byzantine period.

We discovered a mosaic floor and other items that made it clear this was a Roman bathhouse,” he told RNS.

This year and last the team also discovered dozens of golden glass mosaics, evidence of an “important” and “magnificent” church, according to a statement from the college.

Aviam said this finding supports the testimony of an 8th- century Christian pilgrim who said he had “the house of Tsaida,” a church built “in honor of Peter and Andreas, two of Jesus’ apostles.”

The Hebrew word for “house” is “beth” or “beit,” so the word Bethsaida means the “house of Tsaida.”

Aviam said he is confident his team’s next excavation will yield “more evidence” that this is the site of Bethsaida and Julias.

Source

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The Prophet Moses Was Amongst The Greatest Fighters Against Racism

Posted by addisethiopia on September 5, 2017

The prophet Moses is amongst the greatest combatants against racism to have ever lived. The Egyptians, filled with nationalism, wanted to purge and and enslave all of the Hebrews in their land. And we learn of some more details on this from an ancient historian named Diodorus Siculus, who lived in the first century before Christ. Diodorus spent decades investigating antiquity for his many volumes of history books. During his inquiry he journeyed to Egypt where he found the Egyptian account of Moses and the enslavement of the Hebrews, and he used this information for his history. Diodorus learned this account from the works of the Egyptian historian, Manetho, and although his work is not based on the Bible, we can still learn from it because it is indeed the Egyptian point of view, and from this we can further our understanding on their biases and prejudices. More than this, we can further our knowledge on the history of eugenics, that it is not modern, that it goes all the way back to antiquity, that the Egyptians saw Hebrews and people with ailments as physically deformed or infirm who were worthy of death and enslavement. As we read in Diodorus’ history:

In ancient times a great plague occurred in Egypt, and many ascribed the cause of it to the gods, who were offended with them. For since the multitudes of strangers of different nationalities, who lived there, made use of their foreign rites in religious ceremonies and sacrifices, the ancient manner of worshipping the gods, practised by the ancestors of the Egyptians, had been quite lost and forgotten. Therefore the native inhabitants concluded that, unless all the foreigners were driven out, they would never be free from their miseries. All the foreigners were forthwith expelled, and the most valiant and noble among them, under some notable leaders, were brought to Greece and other places, as some relate; the most famous of their leaders were Danaus and Cadmus. But the majority of the people descended into a country not far from Egypt, which is now called Judaea and at that time was altogether uninhabited.” (Diod. Sic. Hist. 40.3)

From this we learn of the nationalism of the Egyptians, and we learn more from the words of another ancient historian named Lysimachus, who based his work off Manetho. Josephus quotes Lysimachus:

The people of the Jews being leprous, and scabby, and subject to certain other kinds of distempers, in the days of Bocchoris King of Egypt, they fled to the temples; and got their food there by begging. And as the numbers were very great that were fallen under these diseases, there arose a scarcity in Egypt. Hereupon Bocchoris, the King of Egypt, sent some to consult the oracle of [Jupiter] Hammon about this scarcity. The god’s answer was this; that he must purge his temples of impure and impious men, by expelling them out of those temples into desert places: but as to the scabby and leprous people, he must drown them, and purge his temples: the sun having an indignation at these men’s being suffered to live. And by this means the land will bring forth its fruits.”

Upon Bocchoris’s having received these oracles, he called for their priests, and the attendants upon their altars; and ordered them to make a collection of the impure people; and to deliver them to the soldiers, to carry them away into the desert: but to take the leprous people, and wrap them in sheets of lead, and let them down into the sea. Hereupon the scabby and leprous people were drowned: and the rest were gotten together, and sent into desert places; in order to be exposed to destruction. In this case they assembled themselves together; and took counsel what they should do: and determined, that as the night was coming on, they should kindle fires, and lamps, and keep watch: that they also should fast the next night, and propitiate the gods, in order to obtain deliverance from them.

That on the next day there was one Moses who advised them, that they should venture upon a journey; and go along one road; till they should come to places fit for habitation: that he charged them to have no kind regards for any man; nor give good counsel to any; but always to advise them for the worst: and to overturn all those temples and altars of the gods they should meet with: that the rest commended what he had said, with one consent; and did what they had resolved on: and so travelled over the desert:

but that the difficulties of the journey being over, they came to a country inhabited: and that there they abused the men, and plundered and burnt their temples; and then came into that land which is called Judea: and there they built a city, and dwelt therein; and that their city was named Hierosyla, from this their robbing of the temples; but that still, upon the success they had afterwards, they, in time, changed its denomination; that it might not be a reproach to them: and called the city Hierosolyma, and themselves Hierosolymites.” (Josephus, Against Apion, 1. 24)

Here the Hebrews are described as having all sorts of ailments and deformities, they are referred to as a sickly and disfigured race. The ancient Egyptians saw the Jews as the Nazis saw the Jews: a contorted eyesore that needed to be destroyed for the good of the nation. You could imagine what propaganda was being produced in ancient Egypt; you can picture in your mind the Egyptians describing the Jews as criminals and diseased, worthy of being forced into work camps, just as the Nazis did. The description of the pagan Egyptian historian, Manetho, is a reflection of how the Egyptians saw the Hebrews in the time of Moses: as inferior to the Egyptians, and worthy of enslavement. The Nazis would depict the Jews as being short people with hooked noses, unlike the Aryan Germans who were tall and blond (an inaccurate generalization, of course). The Egyptians, filled with nationalist craze and fervor about how they were descendants of the gods, no doubt saw the Hebrews as an inferior and mismatched race of people.

The Scripture says, “the Egyptians hated the children of Israel, and afflicted them and mocked them” (Exodus 1:13). Now, you can imagine what they said when mocking the Hebrews: words horrific enough to anger God, and I can imagine that much of it was out of nationalist and racialist pride.   

The ancient fragment quoted above says that the Pharaoh ordered that those with ailments and disfigurements be drowned, and this is no different from the Pharaoh ordering that the male babies of Hebrew women be drowned in the Nile river. The Scripture says:

And the king of Egypt spoke to the midwives of the Hebrews: of whom one was called Sephora, the other Phua,

Commanding them: When you shall do the office of midwives to the Hebrew women, and the time of delivery is come: if it be a man child, kill it: if a woman, keep it alive.

But the midwives feared God, and did not do as the king of Egypt had commanded, but saved the men children.

And the king called for them and said: What is that you meant to do, that you would save the men children?

They answered: The Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women: for they themselves are skillful in the office of a midwife; and they are delivered before we come to them.

Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied and grew exceedingly strong.

And because the midwives feared God, he built them houses.

Pharao therefore charged all his people, saying: Whatsoever shall be born of the male sex, ye shall cast into the river: whatsoever of the female, ye shall save alive.” (Exodus 1:15-22)

Now why does the Pharaoh order the male children to be killed but the female children to be spared? Because he wanted to destroy the male seed of the Hebrews, so that only Egyptian men could impregnate the Hebrew women, and by this, destroying the male line. In other words, the Pharaoh wanted to make the Hebrews into Egyptians. It was a nationalism similar to that of the Ottomans who, in the early 20th century, wanted to force the Christian Armenians, Greeks and Assyrians to adopt the Ottoman identity and become embedded into what they described as an ‘Ottoman soul.’

And remember what Diodorus said, that “since the multitudes of strangers of different nationalities, who lived there, made use of their foreign rites in religious ceremonies and sacrifices, the ancient manner of worshipping the gods, practised by the ancestors of the Egyptians, had been quite lost and forgotten.” The Egyptians wanted the Hebrews to be forcefully integrated not only into the Egyptian race, but into the Egyptian religion, much like how the Ottomans wanted the Christians to convert to Islam. Josephus describes the rise of Egyptian racism towards the Hebrews as beginning with the Egyptians becoming lazy and then jealous of the work ethic and success of the children of Israel:

NOW it happened that the Egyptians grew delicate and lazy, as to pains-taking, and gave themselves up to other pleasures, and in particular to the love of gain. They also became very ill-affected towards the Hebrews, as touched with envy at their prosperity; for when they saw how the nation of the Israelites flourished, and were become eminent already in plenty of wealth, which they had acquired by their virtue and natural love of labor, they thought their increase was to their own detriment. And having, in length of time, forgotten the benefits they had received from Joseph, particularly the crown being now come into another family, they became very abusive to the Israelites, and contrived many ways of afflicting them; for they enjoined them to cut a great number of channels for the river, and to build walls for their cities and ramparts, that they might restrain the river, and hinder its waters from stagnating, upon its running over its own banks: they set them also to build pyramids, (17) and by all this wore them out; and forced them to learn all sorts of mechanical arts, and to accustom themselves to hard labor. And four hundred years did they spend under these afflictions; for they strove one against the other which should get the mastery, the Egyptians desiring to destroy the Israelites by these labors, and the Israelites desiring to hold out to the end under them.” (Josephus, Antiquities, 2.9)

The Egyptians grew lazy, and seeing the success of foreigners, they were wroth. Racism, much of the time, is actually an insatiable hatred for foreigners when they become more successful than the indigenous population. Josephus goes on to say that a pagan priest told the Pharaoh that a Hebrew would one day rise and make the Hebrews over the Egyptians:

One of those sacred scribes, who are very sagacious in foretelling future events truly, told the king, that about this time there would a child be born to the Israelites, who, if he were reared, would bring the Egyptian dominion low, and would raise the Israelites; that he would excel all men in virtue, and obtain a glory that would be remembered through all ages.” (Ibid)

In other words, the Egyptians wanted to be the dominant and superior race, and did not want the Jews to be above them in success. They wanted to keep the Hebrews in a servile position, to maintain Egyptian domination. The Egyptians wanted to kill those they deemed as undesirables, and Moses was their savior. Moses’ liberation of the Hebrews was a foreshadowing of Christ and His redemption of humanity. As Moses came for the undesirables, so Christ came for the undesirables. Christ declared the parable of the great banquet, which is a direct strike against the evil ideology of eugenics:

When you give a dinner or a banquet, do not invite your friends or your brothers or your relatives or rich neighbors, lest they also invite you in return and you be repaid. But when you give a feast, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind, and you will be blessed, because they cannot repay you. For you will be repaid at the resurrection of the just.” (Luke 14:12-14)

World War One and Two started because one race wanted to dominate the world. When world war three commences, it will be because one people will want to dominate the earth. The violent thirst for dominance, is the cause of all war.

Source

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