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Posts Tagged ‘Western Tigray’

Ethiopia War: Evidence of Mass Killing Being Burned – Witnesses

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 7, 2022

💭 በምዕራብ ትግራይ የጅምላ ግድያዎችን የሚያሳየውን ማስረጃ ቃኤላውያኑ በማቃጠል ላይ ናቸው

እግዚኦ! እንግዲህ ሰሞኑን በጎንደር ድራማ የሚሠሩት ለካስ በምዕራብ ትግራይ የፈጸሟቸውን ወንጀሎች ለመደበቅና የወንድሞቼንና እኅቶቼን እሬሳ የማቃጠያ ጊዜ ያገኙ ዘንድ ነው። እግዚኦ! እነዚህ እምነት-ቢስ አረመኔዎች፤ እንደው “እግዚአብሔር አያይም!” ብለው ነውን? ወይንስ እንደ ቃኤል፤ “አላውቅም፤ የወንድሜ ጠባቂው እኔ ነኝን?” ሊሉት? እስከ መቼ እንዲህ እያታለሉና እየተቅበዘበዙ ሊኖሩ? ልጆችና ዘመዶች የሏቸውምን?

ለካስ የከንቱዎቹ አማራ ሜዲያዎች (እነ ዘመድኩን በቀለን፣ አባይነህ ካሴን እና የኦሮሞው ኤርሚያስ ለገሰ ባሪያ ሃብታሙ አያሌውን ጨምሮ) ሰሞኑን ደጋግመው እየተቀባበሉ የሚከተለውን ሲለፍፉ የነበረው ለወንድሞቼና እኅቶቼ ሬሳ ማቃጠያ የሚጠቀሙትን ኬሚካል መሆኑ ነው። ከክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚ ቱርክ ያገኙትን!

እንዲህ ሲሉን ነበር ፤

በቀናት በፊት አክራሪውና ፅንፈኛው ሀይል ጎንደር ከተማን ለማጥፋት እስከ 27 .ሜ ሬዲየስ ድረስ ማውደም የሚችል ተቀጣጣይ ኬሚካል ቦንብ ተራ አካባቢ ተቀምጦ መገኘቱን ቀድሞ ለሚያውቀው የፌደራልና የክልል ባለስልጣናት አሳውቀንንና ጎትጉተን መሳሪያው እጅ ከፍንጂ እንዲያዝ አስደርገናል። የሚመለከታቸው አካላት በጥምረት ባደረጉት ማጣራት ይህ አውዳሚ መሳሪያ በቱርክ ባለሙያዎች የተሰናዳ መሆኑን እና እስከ 500,000,000 የኢትዮጵያ ብር ግምት እንዳለው ገልፀዋል። ልብ በሉ ያኔ ያን ነገር ተረባርበን ባናስይዝ ኑሮ ዛሬ ጎንደር የምትባል ከተማ ጠፍታ ነበር።”

ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ!

አይ ቃኤል አማራ! እየጨፈጨፈህ ያለው አማሌቅ ኦሮሞ፣ አንተ ግን የኦሮሞ ገዳይህ አሻንጉሊት ሆነህ የምትገድለው ምንም ያላደረገኽን አክሱም ጽዮናዊ አቤል ወንድምህን። አይ አረመኔ ኦሮሞ፤ እግዚአብሔር እሳቱን ያውርድብህ!

❖[ኦሪት ዘፍጥረት ምዕራፍ ፬፥፰፡፲፩]

“ቃየልም ወንድሙን አቤልን። ና ወደ ሜዳ እንሂድ አለው። በሜዳም ሳሉ ቃየል በወንድሙ በአቤል ላይ ተነሣበት፥ ገደለውም። እግዚአብሔርም ቃየልን አለው። ወንድምህ አቤል ወዴት ነው? እርሱም አለ። አላውቅም፤ የወንድሜ ጠባቂው እኔ ነኝን? አለውም። ምን አደረግህ? የወንድምህ የደሙ ድምፅ ከምድር ወደ እኔ ይጮኻል። አሁንም የወንድምህን ደም ከእጅህ ለመቀበል አፍዋን በከፈተች በምድር ላይ አንተ የተረገምህ ነህ።”

💭 The remains of hundreds of people are being deliberately destroyed in an organised campaign to dispose of evidence of ethnic cleansing in the west of Ethiopia’s Tigray region, according to interviews with 15 eyewitnesses.

The allegations follow multiple reports of the targeting of the Tigrayan population during the civil war. They also come in advance of the possible deployment of a UN independent investigation team which will be led by former International Criminal Court prosecutor Fatou Bensouda.

People belonging to security forces from the neighbouring Amhara region, which are occupying western Tigray, have been identified as digging up fresh mass graves, exhuming hundreds of bodies, burning them and then transporting what remains out of the region, the eyewitnesses said in telephone interviews.

The authorities have acknowledged that graves have been dug up but say that they show evidence that Tigrayan forces had been carrying out its own campaign of ethnically motivated killing in recent decades. Researchers from Gondar University have also been uncovering mass grave sites that they have linked to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).

All sides in the on-going civil war have been accused of carrying out mass killings.

But in a recent report, rights groups Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch accused Amhara officials and security forces of being behind a campaign of ethnic cleansing against Tigrayans in the area.

Last December, the UN human rights council passed a resolution to establish an independent investigation into atrocities committed by all warring parties in the conflict.

The Ethiopian government objected to the resolution and vowed not to co-operate, saying the resolution was an “instrument of political pressure”.

In a vote in March, Ethiopia’s bid to block funding for the investigative panel failed. Russia and China had backed the Ethiopian government’s attempt to block funding.

Remains burned

Eyewitnesses have said that three days after the funding was approved, the campaign to destroy evidence of atrocities was launched in western Tigray.

“In the plot of land behind Hamele Hamushte school in Humera town, 200 bodies of ethnic Tigrayan civilians were buried in two mass graves. These were civilians massacred in the early months of the war,” said an eyewitness from the Welkyat ethinc group who lives in Humera.

Whereas Tigrayans either fled the area during the fighting or are in detention, members of the Welkyat ethnic group remained and have provided the eyewitness reports.

“On 4 April, the Amhara militias and the Fano [militia] youth group exhumed the remains. They gathered wood, sprayed something we never saw before and burned the remains they collected. The remains crumbled and turned into ash.”

This testimony was consistent with what other eyewitnesses said about the same incident .

Amhara militia and Fano youth destroyed the remains of bodies buried in another part of Humera, witnesses have said.

“The bodies belonged to civilians who were paraded from detention camps. There were around 100 bodies buried en masse behind the land of the public office of the Humera Agricultural Institute,” said another witness.

“They took the remains to the compound of the institute and turned them into ash using wood, fire, and chemicals that we don’t know. As they were doing that their faces were covered by masks and they wore gloves.”

Adebay is another town in western Tigray where eyewitnesses have described the disposal of evidence by moving human remains.

“On the morning of 10 April, the Amhara militias dug up the four mass graves in the St Abune Argawi church,” a resident of Adebay said.

“There were 150 bodies of civilians killed in the August wave of ethnic cleansing. They loaded the bodies into a lorry. We don’t know where they took the remains.”

Eyewitnesses said that on the same day another mass grave located behind the local government administrative office of Adebay was dug up. Thirty-nine civilians had allegedly been buried there in October 2021 after being rounded up in the town of Adi Goshu and then caught trying to flee.

According to the testimonies the remains were loaded onto a lorry and moved to an unknown place.

👉 Continue reading/ሙሉውን ለማንበብ

In another town, Beaker, which is located between Tirkan and Rawyan, other eyewitnesses described similar activity.

“The bodies belonged to 70 civilians who had been arrested in Beaker. They were massacred nine months ago,” a resident said.

“On 11 April the Amhara militia exhumed them and took them to Sanja, a town in the Amhara region.”

Witnesses said the campaign of the disposal of evidence started on 4 April and was supervised by experts from Gondar University, which is in Amhara region.

“It all started following the visit of experts from Gondar University. When they came, they came with trucks that were loaded with chemicals in white jerry cans. The experts were in the town for a few days giving training to the Amhara militia on how to dispose of the remains and then they returned,” an eyewitness said.

Three residents said that militia members had been publicly talking about the involvement of Gondar University and showing off about how the evidence of the killings would not be discovered.

The university has not responded to a request for comment on the allegations.

But last month, the state broadcaster reported that researchers from Gondar University had been working on 12 mass grave sites in the area and had found evidence that the TPLF had been involved in acts of genocide.

Experts have confirmed that it is possible to dispose of human remains using certain chemicals.

Andrea Sella, professor of inorganic chemistry at University College London, said cremation was possible as long as a high enough temperature was reached.

Gebrekidan Gebresilassie, a doctor in chemical engineering at the RWTH Aachen University in Germany, also said it was possible to destroy forensic evidence with the help of chemicals that are readily available.

“These chemicals destroy the forensic evidence… But from a chemical point of view even the ashes can show some evidence. It is difficult to destroy it all,” he said.

The prime minister’s office has not responded to a request for comment, however a senior Amhara official and the speaker of the federal parliament, Agegnehu Teshager, denied the accusations that evidence was being systematically destroyed.

He did say that exhumations were going on but that the bodies that were being removed were those of ethnic Amharas who had been killed over the past 40 years.

“It was not possible to exhume the mass graves and show it to the world until these days because the TPLF was ruling the country,” he said. The TPLF had been the dominant party in the coalition that governed Ethiopia from the 1990s until 2018, when Mr Abiy came to power.

Mr Agegnehu also rejected the reports of ethnic cleansing in western Tigray including those from Amnesty and Human Rights Watch. He described them as a lie.

“They are sensational reports which do not take into account the reality on the ground,” he said.

Source

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Posted in Ethiopia, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Horror Heaped on Horror | Ethnic Cleansing of Tigrayans May Prolong Ethiopia’s Civil War

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 13, 2022

💭 Evidence emerges of war crimes by forces allied to Abiy Ahmed’s government

👉 From The Economist

The lucky ones were frogmarched onto buses and driven across the river. The less fortunate were slung into detention camps and left there to rot. Others were murdered in the streets or hacked to death as they cowered in their homes. “We don’t need a single one of them any more,” a militiaman told a foreign researcher last year. “They cannot be trusted.”

Since the start of Ethiopia’s bloody civil war 18 months ago, there have been frequent allegations of ethnic cleansing targeting people from the northern region of Tigray. Antony Blinken, America’s secretary of state, first levelled this charge more than a year ago, infuriating the government of Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia’s prime minister, which strongly denied it. Because the government has imposed a tight blockade of the region, it has been hard to assess the claims of atrocities. But some horrifying hints have emerged, such as the corpses with their hands bound that have washed up on river banks in Sudan.

Now a thorough investigation by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, two pressure groups, leaves little doubt of the enormities committed by government forces and their allies. The joint report, published on April 6th, concludes that authorities from the Amhara region have systematically killed or evicted hundreds of thousands of ethnic Tigrayans from territory seized from Tigray since the start of the war. The campaign, carried out with the connivance of federal authorities, was as methodical as it was brutal. Notices ordering Tigrayans to leave were pinned around towns. Freshly appointed Amhara officials handed out title deeds for plots of stolen land. Identification cards were given to new Amhara arrivals, but denied to Tigrayans, who were prevented from receiving aid and government services. The new authorities even granted permits for shipments of looted sesame, a lucrative cash crop at the heart of the territorial dispute between the two regions.

This matters not only because of the frightful human toll. The contested area, known officially as Western Tigray before the war, is now arguably the biggest obstacle to ending the conflict. “It’s definitely the thorniest issue,” says a senior official of the ruling party. Both sides have long claimed this land. Both are hardening their stances. Just days before the report was published Amhara investigators announced the discovery of mass graves, which they allege contain the remains of Amharas murdered decades ago by the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the party-cum-militia that runs Tigray.

Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of Tigrayans are starving. A “humanitarian truce” that started on March 24th is already teetering. The government has allowed just one aid convoy to enter Tigray (the first since mid-December) and has been withholding permission for more until the tplf withdraws to Tigray. The tplf wants aid to flow freely before it pulls back entirely, ideally in tandem with the withdrawal of Amhara forces from Western Tigray. Without a breakthrough to ease the blockade, the horror of ethnic cleansing will be matched by an equally grotesque abuse: deliberate, mass starvation.

Source

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Posted in Ethiopia, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Level of Evil in Today’s Ethiopia is Overwhelming | በዛሬይቱ ኢትዮጵያ ያለው የክፋት ደረጃ ከአቅም በላይ ነው

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 7, 2022

❖❖❖[፩ኛ የዮሐንስ መልእክት ምዕራፍ ፭፥፲፱]❖❖❖

“ከእግዚአብሔር እንደ ሆንን ዓለምም በሞላው በክፉው እንደ ተያዘ እናውቃለን።”

❖❖❖[1 John 5:19]❖❖❖

“We know that we are children of God, and that the whole world is under the control of the evil one.”

👉 አንድ ሰው ይህን ልኮልኛል / Someone just sent me this፡-

💭 በብሄራቸው ምክኒያት ማስራብ ፣ በሃሰት መረጃ የሚደርሰውን ግፍ መሸፋፈን እና ከተጠያቂነት መሸሽ በኢትዮጵያ ተቀባይነት ያላቸው ደንቦች እና እሴቶች ሆነዋል። ከዚህ መቼም እንደምንድን እርግጠኛ አይደለሁም።

💭 Starving people based on their ethnicity, covering up atrocities by disinformation and evading accountability have become acceptable norms and values in Ethiopia. I’m not sure we will ever recover from this.

💭 Ethnic Cleansing Documented in Western Tigray – Amnesty and HRW accused Amhara forces and officials of denying humanitarian aid to civilians in western Tigray

Ethiopian paramilitaries have carried out a campaign of ethnic cleansing in Tigray, forcing hundreds of thousands of people from their homes using threats, killings and sexual violence, according to a joint report by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International.

The rights groups accuse officials and paramilitaries from the neighbouring Amhara region of war crimes and crimes against humanity in western Tigray, in northern Ethiopia.

“Since November 2020, Amhara officials and security forces have engaged in a relentless campaign of ethnic cleansing to force Tigrayans in western Tigray from their homes,” said Kenneth Roth, director of HRW.

According to the report, militias from Amhara joined the Ethiopian armed forces and its allies to seize western Tigray in the first few weeks of the war, using indiscriminate shelling and execution to force people to leave.

The report said these forces also put up signs in towns demanding that people leave and made threats to kill civilians who wanted to stay.

Agnès Callamard, Amnesty International’s secretary general, said the level of abuse of civilians had not been taken seriously enough internationally. “The response of Ethiopia’s international and regional partners has failed to reflect the gravity of the crimes that continue to unfold in western Tigray,” she said.

“Concerned governments must help bring an end to the ethnic-cleansing campaign, ensure that Tigrayans are able to safely and voluntarily return home, and make a concerted effort to obtain justice for these heinous crimes.”

Amnesty and HRW also accused Amhara forces and officials of denying humanitarian aid to civilians in western Tigray, an issue the UN has raised concerns about in recent months.

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Posted in Ethiopia, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Ethiopia: Laetitia Bader About The Campaign of Ethnic Cleansing Against Tigrayans

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 6, 2022

💭 የፋሺስቱ ኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ሙቀቱ ወደርሱና ኦሮሚያ ሲዖሉ ጠጋ ባለ ቁጥርና አማራውም እያጉረመረመ ራቅ ማለት ሲጀምር ትኩረቱን ወደ ስሜኑ እየወሰደ ጅሉን ሰሜናዊ በአጀንዳው ያጠምደዋል። አማራውን እንደገና አስተኝቶ ከጎኑ ያሰልፋል። ሰሜኑ እርስበርሱ ሲደቋቋስ ኦሮሞው አውሬ ትንሽ የመፈናፈኛ ጊዜ ያገኛል፤ በዚህም ላለፉት አምስት መቶ ዓመታት ሲፈጽም የነበረውን የዘር ማጥፋት ዘመቻ ኦሮሞ ባልሆኑ ጎሳዎችና ነገዶች ላይ በኦሮሞ ሰአራዊቱ፣ በልዩ ሃይሉ (ኦላ/ሸኔ በተሰኘውና በእባብ ገንዳዎች) አማካኝነት በስውርና በጥድፊያ ይቀጥላል።

ሉሲፈራውያኑ ሞግዚቶቹ ለግራኝ እንደተለመደው፤ “ዕርቅ አድርጊያለሁ፤ ሃያ “የእርዳታ” መኪናዎችን ወደ ትግራይ ልኪያለሁ” ብሎ እንዲናገር ካዘዙት የመኪናዎቹን መንቀሳቀስ የሚያሳይ ቪዲዮ እንዲሠራጭ ካደረገ በኋላ አሜሪካ፤ “ማዕቀቡን አዘገየዋለሁ” አለችን፤ ከዚያም ግራኝን ወደ አስመራ እንዲጓዝና ለቀጣዩ ጭፍጨፋ ከኢሳያስ አፈቆርኪ ጋር እንዲነጋገር አዘዘችው። እንግዲህ ጊዜ ለመግዛት መሆኑ ነው፤ የትግራይን ሕዝብ በረሃብ የመጨረሺያ ጊዜ። ግን አይሳካላቸውም፤ ከሕወሓት ብዙም አንጠብቅም፤ ለኮሙኒስት ገነታቸው ሲሉ ዛሬም የጽዮናውያንን የሕዝብ ቍጥር ቅነሳ የሚፈልጉት ሆኖ ነው የሚሰማኝ፤ ምናልባት በዶ/ር ደብረጽዮን በኩል ይሆናል ግራኝ ወደ አስመራ ያመራው። ልክ ብርሃኑ ጂኒ ጁላና የትግራይ ጄነራል በአፋር እንደተገናኙት። ብዙ የታገሰው እግዚአብሔር አምላካችን ግን “በቃ!” እያለ ነው፤ በሁሉም ላይ እሳቱን እንደሚያወርድባቸው እርግጠኛ ነኝ። አረመኔዎች!

💭 Abuses “amount to crimes against humanity as well as war crimes,” according to a report from Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International.

Widespread abuses against civilians in the western part of Ethiopia’s embattled Tigray region amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity, Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have charged in a new report.

The crimes were perpetrated by security officials and civilian authorities from the neighboring Amhara region, sometimes “with the acquiescence and possible participation of Ethiopian federal forces,” the rights groups say in the report released Wednesday.

The abuses are “part of a widespread and systematic attack against the Tigrayan civilian population that amount to crimes against humanity as well as war crimes,” the report says.

Two human rights groups have accused armed forces from Ethiopia’s Amhara region of waging a campaign of ethnic cleansing against Tigrayans. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch accused Amhara officials and regional special forces and militias fighting in western Tigray of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity. They also accuse Ethiopia’s military of complicity in those acts. For more on the report we are now joined via Zoom by Laetitia Bader, Expert and Senior Researcher in the Africa division at Human Rights Watch.

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Posted in Ethiopia, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Tiffany Haddish Arrested & Charged with DUI — Released after Posting a $1,666 bond

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 15, 2022

💭 Arrested for Driving Under The Influence (DUI ), authorities Said.

The actress and comedian was detained after Peachtree City Police got a call about 2:30 a.m. regarding a driver asleep at the wheel on a highway, Assistant Police Chief Matt Myers said in a news release. An officer saw a vehicle matching the caller’s description and stopped Haddish as she pulled into the yard of a residence, Myers said.

Haddish later posted $1,666 bond and was released from the Fayette County Jail, Myers said. He did not release any information about a possible court date.

A spokesman for Haddish did not immediately respond to an emailed request for comment.

Haddish was the breakout star of the smash comedy “Girls Trip” and has starred in such movies as “The Kitchen,” “Night School” and “Like A Boss.” She’s also written the New York Times best seller, “The Last Black Unicorn” and hosted the popular television show “Kids Say The Darndest Things.”

Peachtree City is located about 40 miles (63 kilometers) south of Atlanta.

😈 A $1,666 bond? Woow!

💭 Evil Isaias Afewerki’s Useful Idiot Tiffany Haddish Cries after Stuck in Antichrist Turkey | Sign of The Times

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infotainment, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

ኦሮሞው አማራን እና ተጋሩን እርስበርስ አስተራርዶ ነጻይቱን የኦሮሚያ ሪፐብሊክን ለማወጅ ተዘጋጅቷል

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 28, 2021

😇ገብርኤል 👉 ማርያም 👉 ኡራኤል 👉 ጊዮርጊስ 👉 ተክለ ሐይማኖት 👉 ዮሴፍ 👉 መድኃኔ ዓለም

💭 /ር ደረጄ በቀለ ከሁለት ዓመታት በፊት

ዛሬ የነገሠው ቁራው ኦሮሞ ደመቶቹን አማራን እና ተጋሩን ሊያባላ ነው፤ የኦሮሞው ቁራ ወንድማማቾቻን እያጫረሰ በኢትዮጵያ ለመንገሥ አልሟል። ተጋሩን ከአማራ ጋር፣ ተጋሩን ከኤርትራ ተጋሩ ጋር አሁን ደግሞ ተጋሩን ከተጋሩ ጋር ያባላቸዋል።

[መጽሐፈ ምሳሌ ምዕራፍ ፮፥፲፮]

እግዚአብሔር የሚጠላቸው ስድስት ነገሮች ናቸው፥ ሰባትንም ነፍሱ አጥብቃ ትጸየፈዋለች፤ በሐሰት የሚናገር ሐሰተኛ ምስክር በወንድማማች መካከልም ጠብን የሚዘራ…”

👉 “አታላዩና አምታቹ ቁራ ነፃነትና ሕይወት አፍቃሪዎቹን ድመቶች እርስበርስ ሲያባላቸው”

አሁን የተዳከሙትን እና የደቀቁትን አልማር-ባይ ከንቱ የአማራ እና ትግራይ ክልሎች “ሰላም” ለማድረግ ለመቶኛ ጊዜ ያሰለጠነውንና ከድሆቹ ኢትዮጵያውያን በነጠቀው እንዲሁም ከአረቦች በተገኘው ገንዘብ፤ በቱርክ እና ቻይና ድሮኖች እስካፍንጫው ባስታጠቀው የኦሮሞ ሰአራዊት አማካኝነት “ሰላም አስከባሪ ነኝ” ብሎ ከአምስት መቶ ዓመታት በፊት የጀመረውን የእባብ ገንዳ ወረራ ለማሳካት ሰተት ብሎ ለመግባት ይሞክራል። የጎንደርን እና ወሎ አካባቢን የበከሉት በዚህ መልክ ነበር።

ጊዜውን መዋጀት የማይሻው የአማራ እና ትግራይ መንጋዎች ዛሬም ለህልውናቸው ሲሉ ይህን በገሃድ የሚታይ ክስተት ተገንዝበው በግልጽና በድፍረት ለመናገር እንኳን ተስኗቸዋል። አስቀድመው ስለፍትሕና ተጠያቂነት በመታገል ፈንታ፤ “ሰላም፣ ድርድር ቅብርጥሴ” እያሉ ሙሉ በሙሉ አርዶ ሊበላቸው ቢለዋውን በመሳል ላይ ለሚገኘው የኦሮሞ አውሬ የመጠናከሪያና ስልት የማውጪያ ጊዜ በመስጠት ላይ ይገኛሉ።

ዛሬ በብቸኛነት ለፍትሕ እና ለሕልውናቸው እየታገሉ ካሉት ከጽዮናውያን ተጋሩ፣ አገው እና ቅማንት ኢትዮጵያውያን ጎን ያልቆመ በጭራሽ ክርስቲያንም፣ ኢትዮጵያዊም፣ የእግዚአብሔር ልጅም ሊሆን አይችልም!

🔥 ክፍል ፩፦ ቁራ(ኦሮሞ) ድመቶቹን(ትግራዋይ እና አምሓራ) እንዳይፋቀሩ ተተናኮላቸው

🔥 ክፍል ፪፦ ቁራው ለድመቶቹ፦ “ሂዱና እርስበርስ ተጣሉ እንጂ፤ የጽዮንን ተራራ ለእኔ ልቀቁልኝ እንጂ፤ ጣራ ኬኛ!’” (አሁን የወጣ መረጃ፤ ፋሺስቱ ግራኝ ከሃዲውን አብርሃም በላይን የመከላከያ ሚንስትር አድርጎ ሾሞታል! ዋው! “በላይ” የከሃዲዎች ስም መሆን አለበት። እንግዲህ ግራኝ፤ ከ“አቡነ ማትያስ + /ር ቴዎድሮስ + /ር ሊያ ታደሰ + አቶ ተወልደ ገ/ማርያም ጎን ትግራዋይ የሆነውን እና በዋቄዮአላህአቴቴ ኢሬቻ ውሃ የተጠመቀውን ብሎም ወደ ዘመነ አምልኮ ጣዖት በመመለስ፤ በአባ ገዳዮች “ገዳ ኦላና” ተብሎ የተሰየመውን፣ ይህን ነፍሱን የሸጠውን፣ ከንቱ ውዳቂን የሾመው በፍርድ ጊዜ፤ “ያው የራሳችሁ ሰዎች ናቸው እኮ የጨፈጨፏችሁና ያስጨፈጨፏችሁ!…” ለማለት ያመቸው ዘንድ ነው። ቆሻሻ ተንኮለኛ እባብ!እያንዳንድሽ በእሳት የምትጠረጊበት ቀን ሩቅ አይደለም!

🔥 ክፍል ፫፦አታላዮቹ ቁራዎች ለድመቶቹ፦ “ሂዱና እርስበርስ ተገዳደሉ እንጂ፤ ይህን ወንዝ ለእኛ ልቀቁልን፣ መጤዎች፤ አባይ ኬኛ!” (አሁን የወጣ መረጃ፤ ፋሺስቱ ግራኝ ሌላውን ኦሮሞ የውሀ ሚንስትር አድርጎ ሾሞታል)

🔥 ክፍል ፬፦ አንዱ ድመት (ትግራዋይ)ግን የቁራውን (ኦሮሞ)ተንኮል አይቶ ለፍትህ ሲል እንዲህ ተበቀለው

🔥 ክፍል ፭፦ በመጨረሻም ቁራዎቹ (ኦሮሞዎች)እርስበርስ ተበላልተው አለቁ፤ ፍጻሜው እንዲህ ሲያልቅ ጣፋጭ ነው፤ ፍትሕ! ፍትሕ! ፍትሕ!

💭 ከ ዓመት በፊት በሐምሌ ወር የቀረበ ቪዲዮና ጽሑፍ፤

👉 “አማራና ተጋሩ ተባበሩ፤ የተነሳባችሁን ጠላት ቄሮ ቁራ በአንድነት አባርሩ”

እነዚህ ሰዎች የተዋሕዷውያንን ስነልቦና በረቀቀና በማይስበላ መልክ በደንብ በልተውታል። አንዴ ደጋፊ ሌላ ጊዜ ደግሞ ተቃዋሚ እየሆኑ በመምጣት ሰውን ያምታቱታል፤ የኦሮሙማ አጀንዳዎችን በስውር ለማራመድ። አማራ ሳይሆኑ አማራ ነንእያሉ ፀረሰሜን ኢትዮጵያውያን ቅስቀሳቸውን ያካሂዳሉ። አስገራሚ ጊዜ ላይ ነን፤ በእነዚህ ቀናት ማን ምን እንደሆነ በግልጽ እናያለን፤ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍጠሪዎቹ ልሂቃን ውዳቂዎች አብንእና ኢዜማእንኳን በኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ ጀነሳይድ እየፈጸመ ካለው፤ አውሬ ጋር ተደመረዋል። አሳፋሪ ትውልድ!ዛሬም ወገኖቻችን በኦሮሚያ ሲዖል ተጨፍጭፈዋል፤

በእውነት ወገኑ እንደ ዝንብ ተጨፍጭፎ ለሰላማዊ ሰልፍ መውጣት የፈራ ትውልድ ጦርነት ሲያንሰው ነው! ታግተው ለተሰወሩት ምስኪን የገበሬ ልጆች ያልቆመ ትውልድም ጦርነት ሲያንሰው ነው!

💭 Crow (Oromo) Making Two Cats (Tigrayan & Ahmara) Fight

💭 Scientists Investigate Why Crows Are So Playful

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Tiffany Haddish Cries after Stuck in Antichrist Turkey | Sign of The Times

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 25, 2021

💥 ጊዜውን እንዋጀዋለን! 💥

የክፉው የኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ አገልጋይ ዝነኛዋ ሐበሻ-አሜሪካዊት ቲፋኒ ሀዲሽ በክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚ ቱርክ አውሮፕላን ማረፊያ ታግታ በማልቀስ ላይ ትገኛለች። ጣረ ሞት ላይ የምትገኘዋን አክስቷን ለመጎብኘት ወደ አሜሪካ በመመለስ ላይ ናት።

ተዋናይት እና ኮሜዲያን ቲፋኒ ሃዲሽ በባለጌ ቱርኮች እንደተሰደበችና ጨዋነት የጎደለው ድርጊት እንደተፈጸመባትም በለቅሶ ገልጣለች። አክስቷን ከማለፉ በፊት ለማየትና ወደ አሜሪካም ለመመለስ የምትችለው የፈረንጆቹ የገና በዓል ካለፈ በኋላ ነው። አሁን በክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚ ቱርክ ውስጥ ተጣብቃለች።

💭 Evil Isaias Afewerki’s Useful Idiot Tiffany Haddish Breaks Down Cries After Stuck At Turkey Airport Trying To Make It Home To Dying Aunt

Actress and Comedian Tiffany Haddish has a break down at Turkey Airlines and treated rude as she tried to make it back into the States to see her aunt before she pass. She’s stuck in Turkey until after Christmas.

💭 Tiffany Haddish Praised Eritrea’s Dictator. Then She Doubled Down In DMs With Young Eritrean Americans.

Standing side by side in front of rows of cultivated plants, a man and a woman beam at the camera, in a photo that could come straight from a family holiday album. The woman on the left is instantly recognizable to millions of people: the actor, comedian, and author Tiffany Haddish. The man on the right is less familiar, but behind the warm smile and the friendly arm across Haddish’s shoulder is one of the world’s longest-ruling dictators, Eritrea’s Isaias Afwerki. Since coming to power 27 years ago he has been accused of ruling in a ruthless and brutal manner, as Eritrea earned the nickname the North Korea of Africa in the process.

💭 What was Haddish, whose career is founded on making people laugh, doing embracing a man like Isaias?

The picture was taken in January 2018 when Haddish visited Eritrea, the country of her father’s birth, for the first time.

In May 2019, she returned to become a naturalized citizen, and left behind a copy of her acclaimed autobiography, The Last Black Unicorn, for Isaias. It was signed with the message, “my brother, my president, thank you for doing what you do.” Her visit coincided with Eritrean Independence Day.

For many Eritreans in the ever-growing diaspora, the handwritten message confirmed their worst fears — that Haddish was inadvertently laundering the Eritrean regime’s reputation in the West by appearing to endorse its hardline leader.

In tweets and Instagram comments, Eritreans living outside of the country wrote to Haddish about the thousands of people, including children, imprisoned without trial, the underground prisons, the indefinite national service program likened to slavery by the UN where people are raped and tortured, the 5,000 people who flee the country every month. They begged her to speak out against the regime, not appear to endorse it.

Days after she gained Eritrean citizenship, Haddish responded: She agreed to talk about the situation in Eritrea with a group of young Eritreans mainly from the US in a Twitter DM conversation.

This is where I come into the story: I’m a Swedish Eritrean activist and freelance journalist based mainly in London. At the time the group chat was being set up, I was an undergrad student also working as a journalist alongside my studies. The young Eritreans setting up the group chat knew me from my Eritrean activism, so they asked me to join because they thought I could help convince Haddish to stop appearing to endorse Isaias and the regime.

Prior to the conversation, the young Eritreans shared Haddish on a Google Doc with all the main points they wanted to tell her about the nightmare inside Eritrea for normal people, including news articles and reports by the UN and Human Rights Watch. The young Eritreans looked forward to hearing how Haddish would respond. But what she said left them utterly crestfallen.

“Good morning y’all,” Haddish wrote. “I tried my best to keep my eyes open to chat with y’all but there was so much to read, I fell asleep on y’all sorry about that.”

Haddish doubled down on thanking Isaias: He was, in her view, a veteran soldier, and people should be grateful for veterans. He was building dams to bring electricity to Eritrea. And he had given her honey from his farm, which had made her grandma feel better. The young Eritreans were stunned.

“I hated her response,” said Lidiya, a young Eritrean Canadian in the DM chat who asked that her surname not be used because, like many in the Eritrean diaspora, she fears reprisals against family in Eritrea by the regime as a price for speaking out.

After all, Haddish embracing Eritrean culture was something to be celebrated by the Eritrean community: They cheered when she wore a traditional Eritrean dress on the red carpet at the 2018 Oscars, when Haddish said she was “honoring her fellow Eritreans.”

Many Eritreans living outside of Eritrea were also understanding of how important discovering your roots could be for an individual’s identity, and aware of how this could potentially hinder someone from looking at a situation critically. When Haddish made her first trip to the country in 2018, she did so to bury her father and connect with her extended family, whom she had never met before.

Haddish told the state-run Eri-TV, the only TV station in the country, “I was trying to figure out, Who am I? And now I have a way better understanding of who I am and why I am on this Earth.”

But it was Haddish thanking Isaias on her visit in 2019 that made Eritreans decide to take more proactive action to speak to her about the realities of the regime. Many of the tweets criticizing Haddish used the #IsSheReady4Eritrea hashtag, referencing her signature #SheReady hashtag and She Ready! From the Hood to Hollywood comedy special and tour.

“I remember thinking, Thank you for what? Thank you for running all our youths out of the country? Thank you for locking up our brightest minds? Thank you for destroying our country?” said Lidiya, the young Eritrean Canadian.

“We don’t need celebrity visits that will only be good PR for the dictator, we have solutions and have told her about them for months,” said Yodit Araya, an Eritrean American organizer in the Yiakl movement, which means “‘Enough”’ in Tigrinya, one of the national languages of Eritrea.

The group chat was set up on the premise that Haddish was willing to learn about the situation in Eritrea, and during the exchanges she repeatedly asked what could be done to help. “what can we really do as a Group to make things better?” she wrote. “Come on y’all what can we do? I am only one person.”

Then in an interview with the Hollywood Unlocked show last December, Haddish criticized Eritreans for attacking her without taking any action themselves.

“Y’all can keep telling me all this stuff, but what’s the action? How do you fix it? Don’t come at me with all the shenanigans, rararara, but no damn action,” Haddish said. “Get out of here.”

She went on to defend Isaias and the Eritrean authorities once more.

“I get what that president, I get…look…everybody that’s in office over there, that’s into politics, when you do your research, all of them fought in a war, OK, all of them have fought, they are all freedom fighters, they all fought for their freedom. They have watched their friends die in front of them. So I don’t know about you, but if I’m in a war and I feel like, Oh, if I let this happen or let that happen we’ll be back at war, you’re going to do whatever it takes to defend and protect your land,” Haddish said.

“They were trying to rape that land,” she continued, referring to Ethiopia’s actions in the war. “And they messed it up, they raped the people, they killed a lot of people. So of course he’s going to be a little, maybe overly doing things… I don’t agree with everything that they do, I don’t agree with everything that’s done here in America.”

But Araya, the Eritrean American activist, said that to Isaias and his regime, the war with Ethiopia was “just an excuse, and besides, a peace deal was made more than a year ago, so why has he not changed anything?”

She described Haddish’s comments in the Hollywood Unlocked interview as “extremely disrespectful to the backbreaking work of our activists who have been fighting this regime for decades, most of whom still are imprisoned because of their work.”

“As an immigrant, I really looked up to her and admired how she, despite all the hardship she had gone through, managed to succeed. But I was hoping she would use her success to go back and help the underdog. I wouldn’t think she would turn her back on the underdog.”

Araya said Haddish had failed to grasp the impact someone with such a big profile could have, especially at a time when Eritrea is trying to present a new face to the world and avoid internal reforms.

“She is really famous in the US, she has huge influence. Eritrea is the most censored country in the world — the regime owns the narrative and has made the crisis unknown. Her support is not just symbolic. It’s more than just a picture or innocent visits. She is legitimizing him, whitewashing him,” Araya said.

“We are against her, as a superstar with the platform she has, normalizing our dictator.”

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Infotainment, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Smyrna Catastrophe: Genocide of Greeks in Antichrist Turkey/ Asia Minor

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 20, 2021

💭 The Destruction of Smyrna: How The Turks Ended The Greek Presence in Their Territory by Burning a City

💭 ቱርኮች የግሪኮች ከተማ የነበረችውን ስሚርኔስ/ኢዝሚርን በእሳት አቃጠሏት፤ ከዚያ ግሪኮች ቱርክን ለቅቀው ወደ ግሪክ ተሰደዱ

ኦሮሞዎችም በሻሸመኔ፣ አጣዬ፣ ትግራይ ወዘተ ተመሳሳይ ወንጀል በመፈጸምና ክርስቲያኖችን በማፈናቀል ላይ ናቸው !

This year marks 99 years since the Catastrophe of Smyrna, the modern-day city of Izmir on the Turkish coast of the Aegean Sea, when Greeks were forced to flee the city due to a fire set by Turkish forces.

It was a cataclysmic event of such enormous importance for modern Greek history that it shaped generation upon generation after 1922, adding yet another unforgettable —and unutterably tragic — milestone to Greece’s long history.

Great Fire cause the Catastrophe of Smyrna

A terrifying blaze, called the Great Fire, destroyed much of the city, causing the majority of Greeks in Asia Minor to flee their homes and seek shelter primarily in Greece, but also in other countries.

Historians of the time period, taking countless eye witness and written accounts of the event, have agreed that Turkish mobs set the Greek section of the city on fire.

Turkey continues to deny this, claiming that it was Armenians, or even Greeks themselves, who set the city ablaze.

Smyrna was undoubtedly one of the wealthiest cities, not only in the Ottoman Empire, but anywhere Europe.

It was home to one of the largest populations of Greeks and Armenians in the Empire.

Together, they constituted the Christian community of the city, which lived peacefully side by side with the Muslim and the Jewish communities for centuries.

However, politics, and the competing interests of the main global powers, alongside the rising tide of nationalism and the outbreak of the First World War, were the factors that determined the fate of Smyrna and its citizens for the rest of the twentieth century and beyond.

As part of the Greco-Turkish War, which raged from 1919 to 1922, Greece’s armed forces went to Smyrna on May 15, 1919.

After major military and political errors made by the Greek government, the Turkish army regained control of the city on September 9, 1922.

Christian populations in Asia Minor in dangerous position

The future for the Christian population of Greeks and Armenians was perilous.

After a series of catastrophic events, the majority of them would end up dead as part of the Greek Genocide, which actually began with a series of confrontations in 1914 and would last until 1923.

Eyewitness reports state that the great fire of Smyrna began on September 13, 1922, and lasted for approximately nine full days, until September 22.

The fire’s results were catastrophic — the entire Greek and Armenian quarters of the city were completely wiped off the map.

Churches, ornate villas, and mansions of great architectural importance, as well as schools and entire market areas, were gone forever, without a trace.

Catastrophe of Smyrna has lasting impact

Official data about the number of the victims of the Smyrna Catastrophe and Greek genocide does not exist.

Experts believe that the number of victims lands somewhere between 10,000 and 100,000, while the number of refugees who were forced to leave Asia Minor numbered in the millions.

The city suffered such enormous damage to its infrastructure that much of it literally had to be rebuilt from the ashes.

But the Greek neighborhoods, which had the most beautiful homes, churches and other buildings — the entire 40 hectares of what was once the most elegant part of the city, and then became a hellish inferno — has no buildings whatsoever on it.

Today the area is an enormous park, known as Kültürpark in Turkish, which serves as Turkey’s largest open-air exhibition center.

There are no reminders there of the glory which once was Smyrna.

14 መስከረም፤ በቱርክ ግዛት በአናሳዋ እስያ የግሪኮች የዘር ማጥፋት ወንጀል የመታሰቢያ ቀን

የግሪክ ጭፍጨፋ1922. ታላቁ የሰምርኔስ እሳት በመስመር 1922 አብዛኛው የሰምርኔስ ከተማ (ዘመናዊው İzmir) የወደብ ከተማን ያጠፋ እሳት ነበር።

የዘመኑ የግሪክ ታሪክ ከሚያሳዝኑ በዓላት አንዱ በወታደራዊ ሽንፈት እና በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ግሪኮችን ከትንሽ እስያ መነቃቃቱ ምክንያት የሆነው ትንሹ እስያ ግንባር መውደቁ ነው።

የነሐሴመስከረም 1922 ታሪካዊ ክስተቶች “ትንሹ እስያ አደጋ” በሚል ርዕስ ሙሉ በሙሉ ተመዝግበዋል።

1922 ሽንፈት ከ 1453 ጋር ሊወዳደር ይችላል እና በአይዮኒክ ምድር ውስጥ ለረጅም ጊዜ የቆየውን የግሪክ ማህበረሰብን ከሥሩ ነቅሎ ስለሄደ እንደ ትልቅ ሊቆጠር ይችላል።

በቱርክ ግዛት በአናሳዋ እስያ ግሪኮች የዘር ማጥፋት ወንጀል ብሔራዊ የመታሰቢያ ቀን መስከረም 24 ቀን 1998 በግሪክ ፓርላማ በአንድ ድምፅ ውሳኔ የተቋቋመ ሲሆን በየዓመቱ መስከረም 14 ቀን ይከበራል።

የአናሳዋ እስያ ድብቅ ውበት ወደ እናት ሀገር ግሪክ ለማዛወር የቻሉት አንድ ሚሊዮን ፣ 1.5 ሚሊዮን ስደተኞች!

እውነታዎች

እሳቱ በተነሳበት ቀን አመሻሹ ላይ ፣ ከሃቲስታሞው ጎዳና ጎን ለጎን ከሚገኘው ቤቴ ወጥቼ ፣ ምን እየሆነ እንዳለ ለማወቅ ወደዚህ ጎዳና ሄድኩ።

እሳቱ ወደዚህ ወረዳ ገና እንዳልተስፋፋ ልብ ሊባል ይገባል። እዚያ ከሁለት መቶ እስከ ሦስት መቶ የታጠቁ ቱርኮች ቡድን አገኘሁ። ፈረንሳዊ መሆኔን ከነገርኳቸው በኋላ ምን እንደሚፈልጉ ጠየኳቸው።

በሰፈሩ ውስጥ ያሉትን ቤቶች ለማፈንዳት እና ለማቃጠል መመሪያ እንዳላቸው መለሱልኝ። ከዚያ እነሱን ለማሳመን ሞከርኩ ፣ እነሱ ግን ‘ፋይዳ የለውም ፣ ሂድ!’ ብለው መለሱልኝ። እና በእርግጥ ከቤቴ እንደወጣሁ ብዙም ሳይቆይ ተቀጣጣይ ቦምቦች መውደቅ ጀመሩ። ጁበርት ፣ የዓይን ምስክር ፣ የፈረንሣይ ባንክ ጸሐፊ።

ይህ ጥፋት የተጀመረው የመጨረሻው የግሪክ ወታደራዊ ክፍል ከትንሽ እስያ ከተነሳ እና የቱርክ ጦር ከገባ በኋላ ሙስጠፋ ከማል እራሱ እና በከተማው ውስጥ የማይለወጡ ናቸው።

በቱርኮች ከተከበቡ በኋላ ሴቶቹ እና ሕፃናት መጠጊያ የወሰዱበትን የቅዱስ ኒኮላስ የአርመን ቤተ ክርስቲያን ፍንዳታ ተከትሎ እሳቱ መጀመሪያ በአርሜኒያ ሰፈር ውስጥ ተቀሰቀሰ።

ግሪኮች ወደ ቤተክርስቲያኑ ገብተው ለተከበቡት ውሃ እና ምግብ ሰጡ ፣ ነገር ግን በጣም ብዙ ቱርኮች በፍጥነት ተሰብስበው እንደገና ቤተክርስቲያኑን ከበቡ እና አፈነዱት።

ለቱርኮች (በቱርክ ሰፈር በማፈንዳት) እና ቱርኮች ቤቶችን በመርጨት ቤንዚን በሚመች ነፋስ እርዳታ እሳቱ ከሙስሊም እና ከአይሁድ ሰፈር በስተቀር ከተማውን በሙሉ አቃጠለ እና ከ 13 እስከ መስከረም 17 ቀን 1922 ድረስ ይቆያል። (በጁሊያን የቀን አቆጣጠር መሠረት ከነሐሴ 31 እስከ መስከረም 4)

ምን ሆነ

የወቅቱ የአንደኛው ጦር አዛዥ አዛዥ ፣ ሌተና ጄኔራል ኒኮላዎስ ትሪኮፒስ ፣ እና የግሪክ የጉዞ ኃይል ከአፍዮንካራሳይሳር (በነሐሴ ወር 1922 አጋማሽ) ኃላፊነት የነበረው ግንባሩ ከወደቀ በኋላ እ... አብዛኛው የክርስትያን ሕዝብ (ግሪኮች እና አርሜኒያውያን) ወደ ትንሹ እስያ የባህር ዳርቻ በመነሳት ፣ ይህም በኢኩሜናዊ ፓትርያርክ ግምቶች መሠረት 250,000 ደርሷል።

እንዲሁም በሰምርኔስ ውስጥ በተለያዩ የአርሜኒያ ማህበረሰብ ተቋማት እና ቤቶች ውስጥ የተሰበሰቡ 15,000 አርመናውያን መጠለያ አግኝተዋል።

ሆኖም ወታደራዊ ቅሪቶችን እና ስደተኞችን (በቀን 30,000 ይገመታል) ወደ ሰምርኔስ ተሸክመው ባቡሮች ያለማቋረጥ መምጣታቸው ፣ እንዲሁም ስለ ግንባሩ አጠቃላይ ውድቀት ጠንካራ ወሬዎች የግሪክን ህዝብ ጥንካሬ እና ስጋት ጨምረዋል ፣ የግሪክ አስተዳደር ለ መነሳት ከእንግዲህ ስለ ቀጣዩ ልማት ትንሽ ጥርጣሬዎችን አይተውም።

የግሪኩ ከፍተኛ ኮሚሽነር አሪስቲድስ ስቴርጊዲስ ለቀድሞው የሌስቮስ ጠቅላይ ግዛት እና ለቺዮስ ጆርጅ ፓፓንድሬው ገዥ የሰጠው ምላሽ ፣ ሁለተኛው ስለ ግጭቱ ሕዝብ ወዲያውኑ እንዲያሳውቅ ሲመክረው።

አሪቲስስ ስቴሪያዲስ ለፓፓንድሮው “ወደ አቴም ከሄዱ ሁሉንም ነገር ስለሚገለብጡ ለማረድ እዚህ ቢቆዩ ይሻላቸዋል” ብለዋል።

የመጨረሻው የግሪክ ወታደራዊ ክፍል ነሐሴ 24/መስከረም 6 ሄደ። በሚቀጥለው ቀን ፣ በሰሚርና ታዋቂ የውሃ ዳርቻ “ኩዋይ” የተሰበሰቡ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የግሪክ እና የአርሜኒያ ስደተኞች የግሪክ መርከቦች ወደ ጎረቤት የግሪክ ደሴቶች እንዲጓዙ በከንቱ ጠበቁ።

ሆኖም የአሜሪካው ቆንስል ገ / ሆርቶን ጠንካራ ጣልቃ ገብነት ከተከተለ በኋላ ሁለት የአሜሪካ አጥፊዎች ስደተኞችን እንዲያገለግሉ ተልከዋል። በማግሥቱ ነሐሴ 26/መስከረም 8 (1922) የስምርኔስ የግሪክ ባለሥልጣናት ሄዱ። እስካሁን ድረስ የስምርኔስ ከፍተኛ ኮሚሽነር አርስቲደስ ስቴርጊዲስ ለቆስጠንጢኖስ የእንግሊዝ የጦር መርከብ ተሳፈረ።

ለስምርኔስ ከተማ ቆጠራ ተጀመረ

ረቡዕ መስከረም 13 የህዝብ ብዛት ወደ 700,000 አድጓል። የቱርክ ወታደሮች መጀመሪያ በአርሜኒያ ሰፈር ውስጥ እሳትን አቃጠሉ ፣ እስከ እኩለ ቀን ድረስ በእሳት ነደደ። በእራሳቸው ወታደሮች ጥበቃ አውሮፓውያን እና አሜሪካውያን ዜጎቻቸውን ከስሜርና አስወጡ።

ሲጨልም እሳቱ በስደተኞች ተሞልቶ ወደ ባህር ዳር ተሰራጨ። እኩለ ሌሊት የእንግሊዝ አድሚራል ብሮክ የሕይወት ጀልባዎች እንዲላኩ አዘዘ እና በሌሊት በባህር ዳርቻው ውስጥ ያሉት ሁሉም የጦር መርከቦች በ 20,000 ሰዎች ተሞልተዋል።

ሐሙስ ፣ መስከረም 14 ፣ ግማሽ ሚሊዮን ሰዎች አሁንም በውሃ ዳርቻ ላይ ነበሩ።

እሳቱ የተረፈውን አቃጠለ እና ከማል ከኦክቶበር 1 በኋላ የቀሩት ወደ ማዕከላዊ አናቶሊያ እንዲባረሩ ትእዛዝ ሰጠ።

ቅዳሜ ፣ መስከረም 16 እና እሑድ ፣ መስከረም 17 ፣ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ግሪኮች እና አርመኖች በግዴታ ዕድሜ ውስጥ ገብተዋል።

እሁድ ፣ መስከረም 24 ፣ አዛ ጄኒንዝስ ከግሪክ መርከቦች ጋር ሰፊ የመልቀቂያ ሥራውን ጀመረች።

መስከረም 30 ቀን ቅዳሜ ከ 50 ሺህ ያላነሱ ስደተኞች የቀሩ ሲሆን የስምንት ቀናት ማራዘሚያ ሲኖራቸው ሁሉም ጥለው ወጥተዋል።

💭 “የመሬት መንቀጥቀጡ በዮሐንስ ራዕይ ላይ በተጠቀሱት ሰባቱ የእስያ አብያተ ክርስቲያናት | ድንቅ ነው!“

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Is The International Community Failing Ethiopia?

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 18, 2021

💭 UN approves independent investigation into suspected war crimes in Tigray conflict.

Ethiopia’s Nobel Peace Prize-winning Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed promised the conflict in Tigray would be resolved quickly.

However, 13 months later, the fighting has intensified amid multiple reports of torture, rape and other atrocities taking place in Tigray.

The conflict has created one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises.

The UN’s Human Rights Council has voted to set up an independent investigation into war crimes.

Ethiopia’s government says it will not cooperate with investigators and has accused the council of being used as “an instrument of political pressure”.

Why are international efforts to stop the war failing?

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Influential Ethiopian Social Media Accounts Stoke Violence Along Ethnic Lines

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 18, 2021

Proliferation of hate speech on social media has the capacity to cause real-world harm amidst an increasingly violent civil war.

Disclaimer: this article contains examples of hate speech.

In response to a recent proliferation of hate speech on social media platforms, Twitter announced on November 5, 2021 that it had disabled its trends list for Ethiopia to “reduce the risks of coordination that could incite violence or cause harm.” Facebook, meanwhile, published an update of its security protocols for protecting people in-country and curbing the spread of hate speech on November 9. This came in the wake of Facebook removing a post by Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for violating the platform’s policies against inciting violence. The post called on citizens to take up arms and “organise and march through [any] legal manner with every weapon and power… to prevent, reverse and bury the terrorist TPLF.”

According to Facebook’s current policies regarding violence and incitement, the platform removes content containing language that “incites or facilitates serious violence.” Additionally, users are not permitted to post “threats that could lead to death (and other forms of high-severity violence) targeting people or places.” This includes “aspirational or conditional statements to commit high-severity violence.”

Despite these policies, Facebook has received repeated criticism for failing to take down violent posts in local Ethiopian languages, including Tigrinya and Amharic, as noted in Washington Post coverage of internal Facebook documents leaked by whistleblower Frances Haugen. Information from the leaked document suggested that Facebook teams had flagged a network of accounts promoting disinformation about the conflict and inciting people to take up arms. The network was linked with the Amhara militia Fano group, which has been accused of human rights abuses during the current conflict.

Facebook ultimately de-platformed Fano-linked assets in early December for violating its Violent Non-State Actor (VNSA) policy. According to a spokesperson for Meta, Facebook’s parent company:

The designation of any organization as a VNSA will result in a removal of content that supports or represents the organization or its members as well as the removal of their presence from our family of apps. Under this policy, praise for the group will be allowed except for content that praises violence, which will be considered violating.

Meanwhile, on December 14, the Oversight Board ruled on a post that was automatically flagged by Facebook’s Amharic language systems. The post, which made unverified claims that the TPLF and Tigrayan citizens committed atrocities in an Amhara village, was restored despite being labeled as hate speech by two of the company’s Amharic-language content moderators. The Board ruled that Facebook should remove the post again, saying “rumors alleging that an ethnic group is complicit in mass atrocities, as found in this post, are dangerous and significantly increase the risk of imminent violence.” According to the ruling, the user who created the post did not “even provide circumstantial evidence to support his allegations.”

This is not the first time Facebook in particular has come under fire for allowing hate speech to fester; in 2020, a dedicated disinformation campaign was used to vilify prominent Ethiopian musician Hachalu Hundessa, who was later assassinated. Following his death, rampant hate speech and incitement to violence sparked mobs that led to hundreds of deaths. Since then, Facebook has released community standards guidelines in both Oromo and Amharic.

The DFRLab identified 27 examples of possible hate speech and incitement to violence and shared them with Facebook. After an internal assessment, Facebook removed 15 of them for violating policies on inciting violence. According to a statement released to the DFRLab by Meta:

A number of the posts that were flagged by DFRLab and included as examples in the article had already been actioned, and removed by Meta over the last few months. We have taken additional steps and will continue to leverage our proactive tools to find any duplicates of violating content which we will remove. Of the separate 27 pieces of content shared by DFRLab and reviewed by Meta, 15 were actioned and deleted for Violence & Incitement violations. The remaining 12 were found to be non violating as some were shared in condemnation or in an awareness raising context, whilst others either targeted institutions and/or had no obvious threat. Our Community Standards make clear what is and isn’t allowed on Facebook, and as soon as we become aware of violating content, we will remove it.

Additionally, Meta noted some of the actions it has recently taken in response to the ongoing conflict in Ethiopia and in the lead-up to the general election last June. These include expanding its capacity to review content in Amharic, Oromo, Somali, and Tigrinya; developing technology to automatically identify hate speech and ethnic slurs, resulting in more than 92,000 pieces of content being taken down between May and October 2021; removing coordinated inauthentic behavior in Ethiopia; releasing political transparency tools; and running a media literacy billboard campaign across 43 locations in Addis Ababa, “the first of its kind for Facebook across Africa.”

Online violence in Ethiopia

In March 2020, Ethiopia enacted the Hate Speech and Disinformation Prevention and Suppression Proclamation, which gave the government recourse to fine and imprison citizens for comments made on social media. Civil society groups, including Human Rights Watch, criticized the proclamation for its violation of the freedom of speech and its broad-sweeping definition of hate speech. Under the legislation, if the offense of hate speech or disinformation offense has been committed through a social media account having more than 5,000 followers or through a broadcast service or print media, the person responsible for the act could be punished with imprisonment not exceeding three years or a fine up to 100,000 birr (approximately USD $2,120).

However, the DFRLab has identified multiple accounts on both Twitter and Facebook with over 5,000 followers that recently posted hate speech without repercussion from the government. Some of these accounts are themselves operated by government employees or are government-aligned organizations. It is unknown whether the lack of prosecution of these accounts is a sign of selective enforcement or a general lack of resources to pursue those in violation.

A post that received severe backlash online was created by pro-government activist Dejene Assefa, whose Facebook account has over 121,000 followers and whose posts regularly receive thousands of likes and hundreds of shares. In late October 2021, Dejene published a Facebook post stating, “the war is with those you grew up with, your neighbor,” and calling on people to act against the “traitors” even if they do not want to do it.

The post was called out by social media users, including by algorithmic bias expert Timnit Gebru, and subsequently removed by Facebook. However, the DFRLab identified an additional ten pages, with a combined following of over 382,000 followers, that had reposted copied version of the text. According to Facebook, the company is working to remove duplicates and prevent further sharing.

Example of tweet demanding that Facebook remove a post by Dejene Assefa. The post was subsequently removed. (Source: sirarwa/archive)

In another post that was shared nearly 1,400 times, Dejene stated there was still time to cut the necks of the “traitors” and sing victory songs on their graves. The post was flagged by the DFRLab and removed by Facebook for inciting violence.

Violent rhetoric has also been documented from TPLF leaders and supporters. On November 12, Getachew Reda, advisor to TPLF leader Debretsion Gebremichael, tweeted an official press statement from the Tigray regional government on “nefarious foreign actors.” The post referred to Abiy’s government as “parasitic” and “predatory,” language similar to Abiy’s July 2021 claims that the TPLF were a “cancer” and an invasive “weed.” The press release also said, “The Government of Tigray and Tigray Armed Forces are not liable for any harm that foreign citizens knee-deep in Abiy Ahmed’s criminal enterprise suffer as we exercise our legitimate right of self-defense by taking proportional measures to ensure our people’s safety and security.” At the time of writing, the original tweet remained active on the platform.

On Facebook, Getachew, who has almost 174,000 followers, regularly posts updates corresponding to the Tigray defense forces capturing of different cities. These posts often contain demands for opposing forces to give up or face retribution.

Calls to arms

Posts similar to Prime Minister Abiy’s November 2021 call to arms, which Facebook removed for inciting violence, have appeared on the platform. Many of these posts, however, were less overtly violent. While Abiy called for citizens to arm themselves in order to “bury” the TPLF, other prominent users were more subtle in their calls to arms.

On September 15, 2021, Taye Bogale Arega, an historian who has been vocal in his support of the Ethiopian government, called for the TPLF and supporters to be “eradicated.” The following day, he posted two images of himself holding a rifle. While his post on eradicating TPLF supporters has been removed, the images of him posing with a rifle remain on Facebook at the time of publishing. Taye has over 263,000 followers on the platform.

Screencap of photos posted by historian Taye Bogale Arega of himself holding a rifle a day after calling for the “eradication” of the TPLF. (Source: Taye Bogale Arega/archive)

Another profile posted a blurry image of Amhara militants on November 2 asking for supporters from abroad to donate weapons, saying “give us at least one weapon.” The post, which Facebook has now deleted, was created the same day Abiy announced a six-month state of emergency and authorities in Addis Ababa called on citizens to ready themselves to defend the capital by registering their own firearms. The state of emergency requires citizens to carry identification at all times, allows for random raids by security forces, and gives police the ability to detain without a warrant anyone suspected to have connections to the “terrorist group” — i.e., the TPLF.

A post flagged by the DFRLab and deleted by Facebook called for foreign nationals to donate weapons to Amhara fighters. (Source: Facebook)

Following the implementation of the state of emergency, Addis Ababa Mayor Adanech Abiebie congratulated residents of the capital for taking the initiative to patrol the streets. She said the “Junta” would be buried as a result and encouraged citizens to continue acting as police and peace guards.”

Screencap of photos posted by the mayor of Addis Ababa alongside text encouraging citizens to patrol the streets after the implementation of a state of emergency that allows for arrests without warrants. (Source: Adanech Abiebie- አዳነች አቤቤ/archive)

Since the state of emergency was announced, the BBC reported that thousands of Tigrayans in Addis Ababa have been arrested under “suspicion” of supporting the TPLF, raising concerns among human rights groups.

Influence from abroad

The DFRLab also found significant amounts of online hate speech originating in diaspora communities located outside of Ethiopia.

Zehabesha, an influential Minnesota-based broadcasting company with over 1.5 million Facebook followers, posted an image of a devil and the Tigray flag alongside text calling the TPLF derogatory names. The post remained active at the time of publishing. In early November, Zehabesha also published a video interview with a Fano leader that called for all Tigrayans to be placed in concentration camps. Facebook removed the videos, though copies of it shared in the context of condemning the remarks remain on the platform.

Tweet referencing concentration camp remarks by a Fano militia leader as hate speech. (Source: TranslateET/archive)

Ethiopian Satellite Television (ESAT), based in Washington, DC, has also been accused of spreading hate speech against Tigrayans as far back as 2016. In late October, digital rights activist Berhan Taye reported a Facebook post by ESAT broadcaster Mesay Mekonen that also called for all Tigrayans to be placed in concentration camps. Facebook initially told Taye that the content did not violate its community standards policy. The post was eventually taken down, although it had been shared over 6,000 times and the same text has been copy and pasted elsewhere on the platform. (Source: btayeg/archive)

Multiple videos posted by Mekonnen Kebede, a US citizen with 69,000 followers on Facebook, were removed for hate speech and inciting violence after being flagged by the DFRLab. In one video, Mekonnen, who has close links with the Fano militia and has posted photos and videos from the front lines, called for the death of 7 million Tigrayans. Before being removed, the video had received over 182,000 views. Another now-deleted video promoting the removal of the Oromia region from Ethiopia’s map and inciting violence against members of the Oromo ethnic group was viewed more than 91,000 times. A video used to raise funds prior to Mekonnen joining the war effort was also removed, although it is unknown whether the requested funds were directed specifically to the Fano militia.

On November 2, the verified Twitter account for Kenyan writer Dikembe Disembe, which has over 330,000 followers, tweeted in English, “Ethiopia must annihilate Tigray just like Rwanda humbled the Hutus.” The post was reported and quickly removed, to which Disembe tweeted the response, “TPLF bots. TPLF is a terror group Ethiopia must rid.”

According to the BBC, posts written in local languages other than Amharic, the most widely spoken language in Ethiopia, “are less vulnerable to being reported and blocked.” This has allowed social media users across the board to demonize war refugees and call for genocide against ethnic minorities. Although recent media attention has focused on Amharic content, violent rhetoric has persisted on social media since the war broke out in 2020, and continues to spread across multiple platforms.

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