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Posts Tagged ‘Volcano’

በ፮/6ሺህ ዓመቱ የፈነዳው እሳተ ገሞራ ምን ይጠቁመናል? | የ666ቱ እሳት በኢትዮጵያ?

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 23, 2021

ለ ፮ሺህ/6000 ዓመታት ተኝቶ የነበረ የአይስላንድ እሳተ ገሞራ ከዋና ከተማዋ ከራይካጃቪክ ብዙም ሳይርቅ ፈነዳ። እሳተ ገሞራው ምን አሳየን? ከአክሱም ጽዮን፣ ከጽላተ ሙሴ + ከኤርታ አሌ እሳተ ገሞራ ጋርስ ምን ያገናኘው ይሆን?

🔥 ከ በስተሰሜን = ቱርክ + ግብጽ = 666

🔥 ከበስተ ደቡብ እና ምዕራብ = ቱርክ + ሱዳን + ሶማሊያ = 666 ዘንዶው ኢትዮጵያን ሊውጣት ሲሞክር

የአውሬው 666 ጭፍሮች እነ ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ ቀበጣጠሩ ዝም አሉ፣ በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ የሠሯቸውን ወንጀሎች ተቀበሉ አልተቀበሉ ትርጉም የለውም! ዋጋ አይሰጠውም። (አረመኔው ግራኝ ዛሬ “እነሱ” (ኢትዮጵያ ዘ-ነፍስ) እና “እኛ” (ኢትዮጵያ ዘ-ስጋ) እያለ ምን ቀበጣጠረ፤ “እነሱ ሴቶቻቸው ነው የተደፈሩት ፤ የኛ ወታደሮች እኮ በሳንጃ ተደፍረዋል” ዋው! ዋው! ዋው! የእግዚአብሔር መልአክ ሳይወድ በግዱ አፉን ከፈተበት። ይህን ዲቃላ የዲያብሎስ ጭፍራ እኔ ነኝ በእሳት የምጠርገው! ቃል እገባለሁ! ከአሁን በኋላ የሚናገረው እግዚአብሔር ነው፤ ቅዱሳኑ ናቸው፣ እነ ቅዱስ ሚካኤል ናቸው፣ እነ አቡነ አረጋዊ ናቸው፣ የጽዮን ልጆች ናቸው። ይህንም በቅርቡ እናየዋለን!

❖❖❖ የመጨረሻ ጥሪ! ደቡባውያን ኢትዮጵያ ዘስጋ የአክሱም ጽዮን ጠላቶችና ተላላፊዎች ሆይ፥

ከአህዛብ አረቦችና ቱርኮች ታሪካዊ ጠላቶቻችን ጎን ተሰልፋችሁ ከመቶ ሺህ በላይ ንጹሐን ትግራዋያንን ያለ ርህራሄ የጨፈጨፋችሁ፣ ዛሬም የጽዮንን ልጆች በአሳዛኝ መልክ በማሰቃየት ላይ ያላችሁ “አማራ ነን፣ ኦሮሞ ነን፣ ደቡብ ነን” ባዮች እስከ መጭው የጌታችን ስቅለት ዕለት ድረስ ለትግራይ ሕዝብ ተንበርክካችሁ ይቅርታ ጠይቁ፣ ንስሐ ግቡ፥ ልባችሁንም መልሱ!❖❖❖

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ሰዶምና ገሞራ | የጣልያኑ እሳተ ገሞራ በድጋሚ ፈነዳ | አክሱም ጽዮን + ደብረ አባይ + ደብረ ዳሞ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 17, 2021

ጥንታዊው የአቡነ አረጋዊ ገዳም ደብረ ዳሞ በድጋሚ ተዘረፈ፣ በቦምብ ተደበደበ

🔥 አደገኛውና የአውሮፓ ከፍተኛው በጣሊያን ሃገር ኤትና በተሰኘው ተራራ ላይ የሚገኘው ንቁ እሳተ ጎሞራ ትናንትና በሲሲሊ ደሴት የተፋው ቀላጭ አለት ይህን ይመስል ነበር። አባታችን አቡነ አረጋዊውን ያየሁ መስሎ ነው የታየኝ።

በኤዶማውያኑ እና እስማኤላውያኑ የዓለማችን ፈላጭ ቆራጮች የበላይነት እየተመራ በእነ አረመኔው ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ በትግራይ ሕዝብ ላይ እየተካሄደ ያለው ግፍ የኛዎቹን ከሃዲዎች ብቻ ሳይሆን መላው ዓለምን በማያውቁትና ባላሰቡት መልክ ያስጨንቃቸዋል፤ ገና ደም ያስለቅሳቸዋል። ቀላል ነገር እንዳይመስለን! የእግዚአብሔር ቅዱሳን ከፍተኛ ጦርነት ላይ ናቸው። የጽላተ ሙሴን እና የቅዱሳኑን ኃይል ለመፈተነ/ለመፈታተን ሲሉ ነው ከተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት እስከ ሃያላኑ ሃገራት ሁሉም በህብረት ጸጥ ብለው ኮሮና ያላጠፋችላቸውን ሕዝባችንን ለመበቀልና የሕዝባችንን ሰቆቃ ዓይኖቻቸውን ገልጠው በማየት ላይ የሚገኙት። ግን ቀድመው አንድ በአንድ በእሳቱ የሚጠረጉት እነርሱው ይሆናሉ።

👉 ኤትና – ኤርታ አሌ – እሳተ ገሞራ – ሰዶምና ገሞራ

ኤርታ አሌ ዝግጁ ነው፤ እነ ግራኝንም እየጠበቃቸው ነው!

በደንብ እናስተውል፤ አክሱም ጽዮን፣ ደብረ አባይ፣ ደብረ ዳሞ ሁሉም በጽዮን ማርያምመቀነት አረንጓዴ፣ ቢጫና ቀይ ቀለማት ያሸበረቁ ገዳማት ናቸው፤ ይህን ከትግራይ ሕዝብ ለመንጠቅና ተዋሕዷዊውንም ከአምላኩና ከጽዮን እናቱ ጋር ለማጣላትአህዛብ የዋቄዮአላህ ልጆች፣ መናፍቃንና ሰለጠንን ባዮቹ “አማንያኑ” የክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚዎችበህብረት ተግተው እየሠሩ ነው

👉 ከ፪ ወራት በፊት፦

🔥 “የኢጣሊያ እሳተ ገሞራ ቀላጭ አለት ፍንዳታ ፍም ላቫ ዙሪያ የኢትዮጵያ ካርታ መታየት ጀምሯል”

👉 “ሌላ ታዋቂ የፈረንሳይ ካቴድራል ተቃጠለ | ከላሊበላ ጋር ምን ያገናኘዋል?”

👉 “አውሎ ነፋስ Eta አሜሪካ ገባች | ETAiopia = Erta Ale ፥ ኤታ = ኤታዮጵያ ፥ ኤርታ አሌ”

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

በኢጣሊያ እሳተ ገሞራ ላቫ ዙሪያ የኢትዮጵያ ካርታ መታየት ጀምሯል

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 14, 2020

የአውሮፓ ከፍተኛው ንቁ እሳተ ጎሞራ የሚገኘው በጣሊያን ሃገር ኤትና በተሰኘው ተራራ ላይ ሲሆን ዛሬ በሲሲሊ የተፋው ቀላጭ አለት ይህን ይመስል ነበር።

ኤርታ አሌ ዝግጁ ነው፤ እነ ግራኝንም እየጠበቃቸው ነው!

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

እሳተ ገሞራ | በክርስቲያኖች ላይ የዘመተችው ሙስሊሟ ኢንዶኔዥያ መለኮታዊ ማስጠንቀቂያ ተሰጣት

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 23, 2018

በሙስሊሞች ቁጥር ብዛት በዓለም የመጀሪያውን ቦታ የያዘቸው ኢንዶኔዥያ በክርስቶስ ተከታዮች ላይ ከፍተኛ በደል በመፈጸም ላይ ትገኛለች። ባለፈው ዓመት በዋና ከተማዋ ጃካርታ አንድ ክርስቲያን ጠቅላይ ገዢ ወይም ከንቲባ ሊሆን አይችልም በማለት ሙስሊሞቹ አምጸው ክርስቲያኑን ፖለቲከኛ እንደወነጀሉትና ከስልጣኑ እንዳስወረዱት የሚታወስ ነው። በዛሬዋ ኢንዶኔዥያ፤ ዓብያተክርስቲያናት ማሠራት ልክ እንደ ሳውዲ አረቢያ እና ግብጽ ከባድ እየሆነ መጥቷል። ቪዲዮው ላይ እንደሚታየው ያሉትም ዓብያተክርስቲያናት በመሀመድ አርበኞች በመፈራረስ ላይ ናቸው። ለከርስቲያኖች ያላቸውን ጥላቻ እንመልከት!

ከሦስት ቀናት በፊት ክርስቲያኑ ቄስ የተቀበሩበት መቃብር ላይ የተተከለውን የእንጨት መስቀል ሙስሊሞች “ይህች የእስላም አገር ናት” በማለት ሰባብረውታል። ለሙታን እንኳን ተገቢውን ክብር አለመስጠታቸው በኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ላይ ምን ያህል ጥላቻ እንዳላቸው ነው የሚያሳየው።

እግዚአብሔር አምላክ ግን “በቃ!” የሚልበት ዘመን ላይ ደርሰናል፤ የሚፈጸሙብንን ግፎች ዝም ብሎ አያልፍም።

በገና በዓል አካባቢ ኢንዶኔዥያ በተፈጥሮ አደጋ ብዙ ጊዜ ትናወጣለች፤ ዛሬም እሳተ ገሞራው ፈነዳ፤ ባሕሩም ኃይለኛ ሞገድ ሠራ በመስቀሉ ጠላቶች ላይ ከፍተኛ ቁጣ መጣ!

[የማቴዎስ ወንጌል ምዕራፍ ፳፯፥፶፡፶፩]

ኢየሱስም ሁለተኛ በታላቅ ድምፅ ጮኾ ነፍሱን ተወ።

እነሆም፥ የቤተ መቅደስ መጋረጃ ከላይ እስከ ታች ከሁለት ተቀደደ፥

ምድርም ተናወጠች፥ ዓለቶችም ተሰነጠቁ

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Volcanic Suppression Of Nile Summer Flooding Triggers Revolt And Constrains Interstate Conflict In Ancient Egypt

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 20, 2017

Abstract

Volcanic eruptions provide tests of human and natural system sensitivity to abrupt shocks because their repeated occurrence allows the identification of systematic relationships in the presence of random variability. Here we show a suppression of Nile summer flooding via the radiative and dynamical impacts of explosive volcanism on the African monsoon, using climate model output, ice-core-based volcanic forcing data, Nilometer measurements, and ancient Egyptian writings. We then examine the response of Ptolemaic Egypt (305–30 BCE), one of the best-documented ancient superpowers, to volcanically induced Nile suppression. Eruptions are associated with revolt onset against elite rule, and the cessation of Ptolemaic state warfare with their great rival, the Seleukid Empire. Eruptions are also followed by socioeconomic stress with increased hereditary land sales, and the issuance of priestly decrees to reinforce elite authority. Ptolemaic vulnerability to volcanic eruptions offers a caution for all monsoon-dependent agricultural regions, presently including 70% of world population.

Introduction

The need to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of anthropogenic climate change has revived interest in longstanding but unsettled questions concerning how past climatic changes have influenced human societies1. Egypt provides a unique historical laboratory in which to study social vulnerability and response to abrupt hydroclimatic shocks. As one of the Ancient World’s great “hydraulic civilizations”2, its prosperity was overwhelmingly tied to the annual cycle of Nile summer flooding, with diminished flooding (Nile failure) often associated with major human impacts through its many millennia of recorded history3. Of all Ancient Egyptian history, that of Ptolemaic Egypt (305–30 BCE; Fig. 1a) is most richly furnished with contemporary documentation. As the longest-lived successor to Alexander the Great’s empire, the Ptolemaic state was a major force in the transformative Hellenistic era, a period marked by large-scale conflict but also material and cultural achievement. Ptolemaic Egypt featured one of the largest cities of the Ancient Mediterranean (Alexandria), including the Great Library and Lighthouse, and was a hub for invention, boasting minds such as Euclid and Archimedes. Technological advances such as the saqiya4, a rotary-wheel water-lifting machine documented by the mid-third century BCE, maslin (mixed wheat-barley) cropping, as well as grain storage, acted to mitigate the impacts of the mercurial Nile flood. Families also distributed land in geographically dispersed individual shares to further hedge against the risk of Nile failure, and tailored agricultural decisions to annual flood conditions6. External territories (e.g., Anatolia, Syria) capable of rainfed agriculture also helped buffer the state against Nile failure. The existence of these mitigation and adaptation strategies highlights the importance of managing Nile variability in Ptolemaic Egypt, yet discussion of the impact of hydroclimatic shocks is effectively absent from modern histories of the period.

At ~6825 km, the Nile is among the Earth’s great rivers, fed by rainfall in Africa’s equatorial plateau (mainly via the White Nile) and the Ethiopian Highlands (mainly via the Blue Nile and Atbara rivers)8. Before twentieth century damming, the summer flood, driven primarily by monsoon rainfall in the Ethiopian highlands, began with rising waters observed at Aswan as early as June, peaking from August to September, and largely receding by the end of October, when crop sowing began2. Nile flood suppression from historical eruptions has been little studied, despite Nile failures with severe social impacts coinciding with eruptions su

Explosive eruptions can perturb climate by injecting sulfurous gases into the stratosphere; these gases react to form reflective sulfate aerosols that remain aloft in decreasing concentrations for approximately one to two years11. While most studies of the climatic effects of volcanism have focused on temperature changes, contemporary and historical societies were also vulnerable to hydrological changes12. Hydroclimate is harder to reconstruct and model, but studies are increasingly noting global and regional hydroclimatic impacts from explosive volcanism. Volcanic aerosols influence hydroclimate through multiple mechanisms. Aerosol scattering of solar radiation to space reduces tropospheric temperatures; if lower-tropospheric relative humidities remain unchanged, the mass of water converged by a given wind distribution decreases, and precipitation minus surface evaporation (P-E) is thus reduced21. This thermodynamic effect may represent the principal means by which equatorially symmetric aerosol distributions from tropical eruptions alter P–E15. In addition, extratropical eruptions increase sulfate aerosols on one side of the equator, cool that hemisphere, and may thus alter tropical P–E primarily by changing winds. In particular, a high-latitude energy sink in one hemisphere forces an anomalous Hadley circulation, shifting the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) away from that energy sink1. Aerosol cooling of northern high latitudes can thus force a southward shift of northern hemisphere (NH) summer monsoon precipitation, promoting drought in the northern parts of monsoon regions. These energy-budget arguments provide a more fundamental perspective on the controls on tropical rainfall than arguments based on land-ocean temperature contrast because large-scale tropical circulations are driven by horizontal gradients in the total (sensible plus latent) energy input to the atmosphere24. The hypothesis that a decrease in land-ocean temperature contrast will cause monsoon rainfall to weaken has been disproven by the observation that continental monsoon regions are cooler during years of enhanced monsoon precipitation25, and by the fact that monsoon winds weaken as land-ocean temperature contrast strengthens in projections of next-century warming.

Source

Egypt | The Pollution of the Nile River


Source of Pollution

1. Factories

There are about 700 facilities manufacturing a variety different products located along the Nile river. Some of these facilities dump chemicals into the Nile, while others’ runoff finds its way to the water.

Some of the chemicals that find their way into the river would be phosphors, nitrogen, and pesticide residue. Once dumped, these chemicals can have negative affects on the microorganisms living in the water, by increasing the population of unhealthy bacteria by 50%-180%

2. Food Industry

Studies show that more then 350 different factories discharge their waste in to the Nile. The majority of these factories are involved in the food industry.
The Nile is suffering from the amount of agricultural waste that’s being dumped into the river. The waste is full of toxic chemicals like detergents, heavy metals, and pesticides. Discharge of oil and grease can come from untreated domestic waste water. Fortunately, those chemicals can be treated and removed from the water, but some like mutagens, and neurotoxins remain unaffected by water treatment.

3. Phosphate

On April 22 2015, an Egyptian military owned barge spilled 500 tons of phosphate in to the Nile.

Phosphate is a mineral that comes from rocks when they are eroding. In small amounts, phosphate is good for water bodies. For example, it can help the growth of plankton and aquatic plants.

But in large amounts, like what was dumped into the Nile, it is very harmful. The mineral can cause a nutrient imbalance in the water, which can damage the aquatic plants and kill them, and can also speed up the aging process of the river.

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Ethiopia’s Etra Ale volcano: The ‘Gateway to Hell’ is CRACKING

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 26, 2017

ertaale3

  • Lava lake inside Ethiopia’s Etra Ale volcano reaches searing temperatures exceeding 1,100 degrees Celsius
  • New fissures opened up about 7 kilometers (4 miles) from the summit caldera, spilling large amounts of lava
  • At least one of the lava lakes has experienced large changes in the level of its lava

NASA satellite imagery has spotted new cracks opening up near Africa’s ‘Gateway to Hell’ – more officially known as the Erta Ale volcano in Ethiopia.

Scientists think nearby tectonic activity is causing large amounts of lava to spill out of the large, flat shield volcano, which features two lava lakes that have been bubbling and burning for decades.

It’s one of the most spectacular sights in the natural world – not that you’d want to get too close, with lava temperatures inside these cauldrons reaching as high as 1,100 degrees Celsius (2,012 degrees Fahreneheit).

According to eyewitness reports, the lava lake levels have risen significantly over the past few weeks, producing “massive overflows” and “intense spattering” on top of the new fissures captured by NASA’s satellites on the southeastern flank of the volcano, 7 kilometres (4.3 miles) from the summit.

The picture above was captured by NASA’s Operational Land Imager (OLI) camera sat on board the Landsat 8 satellite: it combines natural colour and shortwave infrared light signals to identify smoke plumes as well as areas of increased temperature that would normally be invisible to the naked eye.

Where the infrared hot spots are marked in red on the image is where the overflowing lava channels are running.

These are the first flows beyond the volcano’s crater that have been seen in a decade, according to Gezahegn Yirgu from Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia.

While the nearby area is uninhabited, lava could could continue to flow towards the town of Afdera, Nazret.com reports, and so needs to be monitored.

The ‘Gateway to Hell’ and ‘Smoking Mountain’ nicknames locals use for Erta Vale are well deserved. Set 613 metres (2,011 feet) above sea level, it’s one of just five known volcanoes with molten lava lakes, and is the only one on record with two.

The site is part of the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia, where three tectonic plates are sliding away from each other as Africa and Asia move apart. In terms of average temperatures across the year, it’s one of the hottest placeson the planet.

Shield volcanoes like this are typically large and broad, with gentle slopes. They’re primarily built around fluid lava flows, and are less explosive than traditional volcanoes because the chemical make-up of the basalt lava in them is less likely to get plugged up.

How much longer tectonic movement will cause disruptions to Erta Ale isn’t clear, but the most recent reports suggest some of the overflowing has now stopped – which means the bravest photographers and tourists can venture back.

Previous visitors include Portuguese travel photographer Joel Santos, who made a dramatic video of his trip.

“Erta Ale is probably the most overwhelming, unreal and mesmerising sight one could see in a lifetime,” he told MailOnline.

Hell is really really HOT – ወዮላችሁ! to The Enemies of ZION

WeatherAugust2015

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Gateway to Hell: The Mysterious Volcanic Hot Springs of Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on July 27, 2014

Take a tour of this place that’s truly unlike anywhere else on Earth:
 
 
 
About 600 km north of Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, the district of Dallol paints a rather curious picture. The former mining settlement harbours a tiny population, last published in 2007 by the country’s Central Statistical Agency as 83,930, and it holds the current record for the highest average temperature of any inhabited place on Earth. Between 1960 and 1966, the average annual temperature was a toasty 35°C (96°F), but the temperature can regularly creep to over 46°C (115°f).
 
It’s also home to the incredible Dallol Volcano. At 48 metres below sea level, Dallol is Earth’s lowest land volcano, and its last recorded eruption was in 1926. Its craters contains hot springs that boast a whole range of otherworldly colours – including neon yellow – thanks to the hot magma bubbling below the surface. This magma heats the groundwater that flows into the area from the nearby highlands, and as the heated groundwater moves up towards the surface, it dissolves salt, sulphur, potash and other minerals and deposits them in the Dallol craters.
 
“The supersaturated brine emerges through hot springs in the floor of the craters,” says Hobart King at Geology.com. “As the brines evaporate in the hot arid climate, extensive salt formations are formed on the floor of the craters. These are coloured white, yellow, brown, orange and green by sulfur, dissolved iron, mud and the life activity of halophile algae.
 
It might look incredible, but Dallol poses quite a challenge to the stream of tourists that brave it every year. If they can stand the heat, there’s always the threat of acid pools and deadly gases to keep them on their toes: “Dallol craters are dangerous places to visit because their surface can be covered by a crust of salt with pools of hot acid water just inches below,” says King. “Toxic gases are sometimes released from craters.”
 
JULY 27, 2014 OPENING GATES OF HADES?

 
 
 
Back in December 2013, Apple’s iPhone assistant Siri ‘sometimes gives an odd response about “opening [the] gates of Hades,” the Greek mythological term for Hell, or the underworld, when one asks what will happen on July 27th, according to reports.
 
 
Source
 
Gateways to Hell
 
While in some belief systems, the afterlife can only be accessed by spiritual means, in others, the underworld could be accessed directly from the Earth. Here are 13 real spots that people have thought (and in a few cases, still do) lead straight to the lands of the dead.
 
Some of these involve the Christian concept of Hell, while others were supposed to lead to other (sometimes not unpleasant) afterlives.
 
Some of The Places on Earth People Believed Were Entrances to Hell
 
Erta Ale: In the north of Ethiopia, about a hundred miles west of the southern end of the Red Sea, is a bubbling caldera whose southern most pit is known locally as “The Gateway to Hell.”
 
The Ploutonion at Hierapolis: The ancient city of Hierapolis, near modern-day Pamukkale in Turkey was once home to a site considered sacred to Pluto, the god of the dead.
 
Fengdu, China: The 2,000-year-old City of Ghosts, located in Chongqing municipality, has long been thought to be the place the dead stopped on their way to the afterlife, though it seems to have gotten this reputation in a roundabout way.
 
The Seven Gates of Hell: A local legend claims that in the woods off Trout Run Road in Hellam Township, Pennsylvania, sit the Seven Gates of Hell. According to popular fiction, the gates appear near the site of a tragic asylum fire, and if you step through all seven gates, you land straight in Hell.
 
Mount Hekla: Iceland’s particularly active volcano developed a reputation as a gateway to Hell in the 12th century, after its 1104 eruption. Benedeit’s 1120 Anglo-Norman poem Voyage of St. Brendan mentions the volcano as the prison of Judas, the apostle who betrayed Jesus.
 
The Mayan Cenotes: The Maya certainly had some of the most picturesque entrances to the underworld. These natural underground waterways, located in Mexico and Central America, were thought to be the home of the rain god Chaak and portals to Xibalba, the afterlife. Caves were often seen as gateways to the afterlife in the Mayan worldview, literal passageways between the living world above and the realm below.
 
Mount Osore: The Europeans were hardly the only folks to believe that volcanoes marked the entrance to the underworld. Mount Osore, region filled with volcanic cauldrons located on the remote Shimokita Peninsula of Japan’s Honshu island, is literally named “Fear Mountain.”
 
 

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Obama Volcano Connection

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on November 9, 2008

 ertaalebreath

On the very day, as the United States undergo their Presidential election, the attention of the world media was overwhelmingly focused on the reaction of the rich nations, on what leaders of the UK, Germany, Russia, Japan or China had to say about the New President.

 

Of course, some TV stations were able to show us the pictures of those rejoicing Kenyan villagers in Kogelo, where the father of the President-Elect Barack Obama came from. Other than that, as usual, it looked as though that Africa is still irrelevant to the world media. Besides making some contribution to the genetic refreshment of biologically debilitated populations, Africa’s influence on global events is extremely low.

 

In this global village, where the world is getting smaller and smaller, where nations become closer and closer, it’s scary to learn that the potential Vice-President/President of the United States Of America, Ms. Sarah Palin did not even know that Africa was a continent. There are none so blind as those who refuse to see.

 

When we have the luxury to learn about our world, about our surrounding and about each other, and we take this luxury for granted waste it by being incapable of learning, an utter stupidity will come back & haunt everyone wherever we are.

 

Whenever we swim back and forth in an ocean of stupidity, mother nature is always there to react in order to teach us a good lesson, sometimes, hard-and-fast.

Is this some sort of bizarre coincidence that a volcano erupted in Ethiopia at the same time as the whole world is watching America elect its next President? What could be this time the message that Hurricane “Paloma” was trying to send when she hits Cuba and the nearby region?

 

Hurricanes and flooding were very frequent in some parts of the United States during the Presidential primaries and campaign days. These natural phenomenons are not meant to bring havoc and tragedy to humans, but rather to send some signal to the Bosses of this world so that they could turn their attention to the absolute power of nature, which is controlled by the Almighty. Elihu (God) is the director of everyone and everything out there.

 

God is in control of the weather and all of nature. He controls all the volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, storms, flooding and other natural phenomenons. Though, we are simply not given the right to say with some precision why tragedies — or any other natural disasters — have occurred, we have to know that God is always and everywhere sovereign–even over the storm.

 

“The windstorm comes from its chamber, and the cold from the driving north winds. Ice is formed by the breath of God, and watery expanses are frozen. He saturates clouds with moisture; He scatters His lightning through them. They swirl about, turning round and round at His direction, accomplishing everything He commands them over the surface of the inhabited world. He causes this to happen for punishment, for His land, or for His faithful love.” Job 37:9-13

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Adam & Eve

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 17, 2008

One can with certainty speak that the Biblical Garden of Eden lies in Ethiopia. We know that all people are descended from Adam and Eve, and more recently from Noah and his wife. Both the Biblical and scientific documents confirm that Adam & Eve were created in Ethiopia.

Could the Volcanoes in Ethiopia, have been the birth place of life? Could the active volcano, “Erta Ale” in the Danakil area, be the very first kitchen, where God mixed his secret genetic soup? Could Lake Tana, the Garden of Eden, to the west and 300 miles from Erta Ale be the very first dining place where Adam & Eve had their first meal of the grain of paradise?

Did Volcanoes Spark Life on Earth?

Science.com
16 October 2008

A once-discarded idea about how life started on our planet has been given a new life of its own, thanks to a serendipitous find.

The story traces back to the early 1950s, when chemists Stanley Miller and Harold Urey of the University of Chicago in Illinois tried to recreate the building blocks of life under conditions they thought resembled those on the young Earth. The duo filled a closed loop of glass chambers and tubes with water and different mixes of hydrogen, ammonia, and methane–gases presumed at the time to be the main constituents of the atmosphere billions of years ago. Then, in an attempt to confirm a hypothesis that lightning may have triggered the origin of life, they zapped the mixture with an electrical current. The researchers then analyzed the gunk that began to collect after a few hours.
The residue contained traces of some of the amino acids that make up proteins. Their presence suggested that the molecular precursors of life could form through a simple electrochemical process. The problem was that theoretical models and analyses of ancient rocks eventually convinced scientists that Earth’s earliest atmosphere was not rich in hydrogen.

Last year, after Miller’s death, two of his former graduate students–geochemists Jim Cleaves of the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW) in Washington, D.C., and Jeffrey Bada of Indiana University, Bloomington–were examining samples left in their mentor’s lab. They discovered the vials of products from the original experiment and decided to take a second look with updated technology. Using extremely sensitive mass spectrometers at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, Cleaves, Bada, and colleagues found traces of 22 amino acids in the experimental residues. That is about double the number originally reported by Miller and Urey and includes all of the 20 amino acids found in living things, the scientists report tomorrow in Science.

So could lightning have helped jump-start life on Earth? Possibly, Cleaves says. Although Earth’s primordial atmosphere was not hydrogen-rich, as were the chambers in the Miller-Urey experiment, gas clouds from volcanic eruptions did contain the right combination of molecules. It is possible that volcanoes, which were much more active early in Earth’s history, seeded our planet with life’s ingredients. The big question is what happened next–how did those molecules turn into self-replicating organic compounds? “That’s the frontier,” Cleaves says, “and we’re sort of stuck there.”

The new study “highlights how easy it is to make the building blocks of life in plausible prebiotic conditions,” says geochemist Robert Hazen of CIW, who was not involved in the research. At the same time, he says, the findings reinforce “the pioneering insight and experiments of Stanley Miller and Harold Urey.”

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Volcanoes Of Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on September 13, 2008

Alid

Location: 14.88 N, 39.82 E
Elevation: 2,985 ft.(910m)


Alid is a little-visited volcanic structure in the Danakil depression of Eritrea/Ethiopia and covers an area of about 20 sq. miles (30 sq Km). Alid is actually a structural uplift – a dome – whose summit has collapsed.

There have also been explosive eruptions which deposited pyroclastic flows around the uplift. So Alid is a very peculiar type of volcano-tectonic structure.

Alid has been very important geographically. Before Alid was uplifted the Red Sea covered part of Afar. After the Alid activity the sea could not enter Afar and gradually the water there evaporated, leaving behind vast plains of white salts.

Amoissa

Location: 10.069 N, 40.837 E
Elevation: 5,684ft. (1,733m)

Amoissa, also known as Abida, or Dabita, is a caldera that is east of Ayelu volcano and is considered its twin. Steam still sometimes leaks out around the caldera walls, suggesting that hot rocks exist at depth.

Ayelu

Location: 10.082 N, 40.702 E
Elevation: 7,035ft. (2,145m)

 

Ayelu is a stratovolcano in the Ethiopian rift valley. The volcano has no historic eruptions but probably has erupted sometime in the last ten thousand years; unconfirmed activity is reported from 1928.

Butajira

Location:8.05N, 38.35E
Elevation:7,482 ft. (2,281 m)

Butajira, also locally known as Ara Shatan, is the only maar in a 20 km line of recent cinder cones and lava flows on the western margin of the Ethiopian Rift Valley, about 140 km south of Addis Ababa.

Traditionally, the origin of Ara Shatan (whose Guraghinya meaning is ‘Devil’s Lake’) is ascribed to a wizard who long ago fought the local people. When the wizard was defeated he plunged his spear into the ground and angrily cried, “Let this be the devil’s home” whereupon the ground collapsed forming the crater. Local informants maintain that a stone thrown into the lake would be hurled back by the devil.

Dendi

Location: 9.0N, 38.0E
Elevation: 10,692.8 ft (3260 m)


Dendi is a 5 mile (8 km) wide caldera in central Ethiopia, quite close to Wonchi caldera. The most remarkable thing in Dendi is a wonderful, brightly painted Ethiopian Orthodox church. The peak of the Dendi volcano is Mt. Boti, and Lake Dendi lies 118 meters below this point.

Dubbi

Location: 13.6N, 41.8E
Elevation: 5,330 feet (1,625 m)

Dubbi is a tall stratovolcano rising near the coast of the Red Sea (top of image). The volcano is also called Edd, Gebel Dubbey, and Djebel Dubbeh. There are at least 19 craters near the top of the volcano with the largest being roughly 100 x 50 m.

Erta Ale

Location:Lat.13.6N,Long.40.7E
Elevation: 2,011 feet (613 m)

Erta Ale – Queen of all volcanoes — is a shield volcano in the Afar region of Ethiopia. Erta Ale is a remote and rarely visited volcano that is known currently to have an active lava lake in its summit crater.

Erta Ale has undergone seven eruption events in the past 125 years. Three of the early eruption dates, 1873, 1903, and 1904 are uncertain. However, 1906, 1940, 1960, and 1967 are well established events. Erta Ale has been erupting continuously since 1967.

Fantale

Location: 8.975 N, 39.93 S
Elevation: 6,584 ft. (2,007 m)

Fantale is a stratovolcano on the floor of the Ethiopian Rift Valley. Steam issues from vents along the inner walls of the volcano’s 6 km (4 miles) wide caldera.

Gariboldi (or Kone) Caldera

Location: 8.80N, 39.69E
Elevation: 1619 m

Air photo from the Geologic Survey of Ethiopia shows two lobes for this caldera. The main road from Addis Ababa to Djibouti passes along the join of the two collapses.

The older name of the caldera, Gariboldi, supposedly comes from the engineer who built this road during the temporary Italian occupation of Ethiopia in the early 1940s. The new name, Kone, is a local tribal word.

Mega

Lat. 4.08, Long. 37.42
Elevation: 1067 m

The Mega volcanic field includes a number of maars that cut through ancient crystalline rock . If the area did not have a desert climate, the maar would probably contain a lake.

Sabober

Location: 8.97N, 39.93E

Sabober is a small tuff ring in Ethiopia within a few kilometers of Fantale caldera. Local legends state that the dark lava flow or some other nearby flow, erupted in about 1820.

Shala

Location: 7.47N, 38.55E
Elevation: 6,806 ft.(2,075 m)

Lake Shala is the deepest lake (257m) and the largest crater (~12×15 km) in Ethiopia. Volcanologically, the Shala basin is a caldera which probably collapsed during the late Pliocene (about 3-4 mya) following large eruptions of ignimbrites and pumice. The relations between the pre-existing volcanic rock of the rift valley and Shala’s products are unclear, but it is likely that the ignimbrites around Langano, Zuway, and other places in the rift came from Shala. Thick, light colored pumice units exposed high on the south rim of the caldera undoubtedly are from the Shala eruption. Erosionally isolated stacks of ignimbrite and pumice occur on the north rim of the caldera near the track to Abiata.

Chitu is a beautiful crater lake (crater diameter of 1.6 x 1.2 km) with a population of 5,000-10,000 flamingos. The crater’s rim (about 80 m above lake level) is composed of gray tuff containing bomb sags, cross-bedding and dune/antidune structures, comfirming that it erupted through a shallow lake.

 

Wonchi

Location: 9.0N, 38.0E
Elevation: 11,316 ft (3450 m)

Wonchi is a 3.0 by 2.5 mile (4.8 by 4.0 km) wide caldera in the central Ethiopian highlands close to Dendi caldera. Wonchi contains a single crater lake about 1476 feet (450 meters) below the rim of the volcano.

Zukwala

Location: 8.32N, 38.52E
Elevation: 9184 ft (2800 m)

Zukwala is easily the tallest mountain near Adis Ababa. It stands 3600 ft (1100m) above the surrounding plain. The volcano is 7.5 miles (12 km) wide at its base. Many plants cover Zukwala’s slopes. There is a small lake in the bottom of the caldera. Natives of the area believe that the water from the lake will cure illnesses. Two churches have been built on the rim of the caldera.

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