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Egyptians’ Stance And Sentiments Toward The Nile River

Posted by addisethiopia on December 6, 2017

Is nationalism best served by expressing passionate sentiments for one’s country in song or does a nation’s progress need more than love? Egyptians’ tendency to voice their emotional attachment to their country is not only a sign of hypocrisy; it also aims at highlighting their dependence on the state and, in turn, enhances the state’s prominence and citizens’ need for it.

Egypt is one of a few countries that produce numerous songs in praise of national glory. We sing in praise of the pyramids, the Sphinx, the Nile, ancient monuments and of course our civilization in general. The Egyptian government obviously supports this trend, rewarding such singers by enrolling them into its entourage. However, simultaneously while celebrating these songs, many of us abuse our national resources — by engaging in the illegal trafficking and mistreatment of our ancient relics, for example.

Our government is constantly repeating that the Nile is a matter of life or death for the Egyptian people. Yet we have been carelessly damaging this lifeline for decades by inefficiently consuming our share of the river’s water, polluting it with waste, and mismanaging our conflict with Ethiopia over Nile water allocation. Nonetheless, along with the abuse, we maintain our sentiments for the river, saying that visitors who drink from the Nile will always come back to our country.

Sadly, we have been carelessly damaging the Nile for decades by inefficiently consuming our share of its water, polluting it with waste disposal, and mismanaging our conflict with Ethiopia over water allocation.

The Egyptian singer who spent years singing a very emotional and popular song in praise of the Nile is currently being prosecuted because of a word that slipped out as she tried to make a joke at a live concert. Meanwhile, millions of citizens who have been abusing the Nile for decades continue to do so without being penalized.
Zooming out, many Egyptians often express their sentiments for the military and police apparatus that protect our national security, apparently convinced that spending their time singing for our soldiers who are facing terrorists and enemies on the front line is a serious pursuit that helps to keep our country in good shape. Not only is this hypocritical, it also reflects an unjust attitude toward citizens who put their lives on the line and to others whose utmost contribution is to express their love.

Many Egyptians are privileged by the state for humming “Long Live Egypt” in song. The phrase has become a password used by people to express loyalty to their country, in return for which they are granted state positions and immunity from being held to account for their ineffectiveness or for involvement in corruption. Meanwhile, Egyptians who want to play a constructive role in the development of their country are marginalized for not being in tune with the rhythm required by the state.

“Rest assured that we will solve the problem,” was President El-Sisi’s recent response to the grave concerns of Egyptians regarding their share of Nile River water upon learning that technical negotiations with the Ethiopian government on the Renaissance Dam had come to a deadlock. In my view, the Egyptian government should have negotiated this issue and struck a deal with Ethiopia when the dam was still a proposal. Now that it is close to realization, reaching a solution is infinitely more complicated.

Seeing the government lose a number of internal and external political battles makes us justifiably concerned. Candidness is not as essential a quality for a ruler as competence; a competent ruler would be able to solve our challenges — or at least to provide some sign that we are on the right track. Sadly, the Nile conflict might drag Egypt into an unpleasant internal scenario that could have been avoided had the issue been addressed well in advance.

Source: ArabNews

My Note: Such a rational thought is found very rarely among Arab folks, good observation! Egypt should better start begging Ethiopia for each drop of Nile water.Here another fake report on Qatar financing the Great Renaissance Dam. Just unbelievable – even more unbelievable how some commentators share their primitively disgusting racialist thoughts. This sort of thing is all over the net, lately. How sad!

Snapshots from the comments section:

 

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

አረብ ሊግ | እነ ሸህ ሰይጣነህ ኢትዮጵያን ኮነኑ

Posted by addisethiopia on November 27, 2017

የአረብ ሊግ ሥራ አስኪያጁ (ምን ይሆን ሥራው?)የታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብ በሚሊዮኖች ለሚቆጠሩ አርቦች ደህንነት መጓደል ምክኒያት ስለሚሆን በጣም አሳስቦኛል፤ ኢትዮጵያ ከእኛ ጋር እየተባበረች አይደለም፣ እንዲያውም የአባይን ውሃ በመስኖ ውስጥ ጥቅም ላይ ለማዋል ማሰቧ አሻሚ ነው” ሲሉ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ ውንጀላቸውን አሰምተዋል።

ይህን መሰሉን የአረቦች አብራካዳብራ ውንጀላና ዛቻ፡ ባለፉት ጥቂት ሳምንታት፣ አላሙዲን በታሠሩበት ማግስት፡ በተደጋጋሚ ሲሰነዘር እየሰማን ነው። አንዴ አላሙዲን ነው፣ ሌላ ጊዜ ደግሞ ኳታር ናት ለግድቡ የሚሆነውን ገንዘብ የስጧቸው እያሉ መርዛቸውን በመርጨት ላይ ናቸው። ሁሉም ነገር አስቀድሞ በደንብ የተቀነባበረ ነው። ባለፈው ሳምንት የግብጹ ፕሬዚደንት አልሲሲ ነበሩ ሲዝቱና ሲፎክሩ የነበሩት። በኢትዮጵያ ላይ ዛቻ ውድቀታቸውን እንደሚያስከተል ከቀደሙት መሪዎቻቸው አልተማሩም ማለት ነው። ዛቻውን በሠነዘሩ በሳምንቱ ነበር ሲናይ በርሃ የሱፊዎች መስጊድ ላይ ጥቃት ደርሶ 300 ግብጻውያን ለመገደል የበቁት።

ይህ የመስጊድ ጥቃት፡ እኔ እንደታየኝ፡ በጸረ-ክርስቶሷ ቱርክ ነበር የተቀነባበረው፦

[የማርቆስ ወንጌል ምዕራፍ ፫፥፳፯]

ነገር ግን አስቀድሞ ኃይለኛውን ሳያስር ወደ ኃይለኛው ቤት ገብቶ ዕቃውን ሊበዘብዝ የሚችል የለም፥ ከዚያም ወዲያ ቤቱን ይበዘብዛል።

የኦቶማንን/ኡስማን ካሊፋትን እንደገና ለማነሳሳት በመታገል ላይ ያለቸው ቱርክ የሱፊ እስልምና አገር ነች፤ ኢትዮጵያም ያሉ ሙስሊሞች ሱፊዎች ናቸው፤ “ነጃሺ” እያሉ የሚጠሩትን መስጊድ በፈቃዴ አድሳለሁ ማለቷ የረጅም ጊዜ ዕቅድ ስላላት ነው፣ ስኳሩንና ምድጃውን እንዲሁም አገሯ የከለከለቻቸውን ድራማዎች ይዛ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ መግባቷም ያለምክኒያት አይደለም፤ ቱርክ ግብጽን የመቆጣጠር እቅድ ስላላት ግብጽን በአባይ በኩል ከምትቆጣጠራት ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር ለጊዜው እንደ እባብ መለሳለሱን ስለመረጠች ነው። “ሱፊዎች የአይሲስ ሽብር ሰለባ መሆን የለባቸውም” በሚል ሃሳብ ቱርክ በ አልሲሲ መስተዳደር ላይ ጫና ታደርጋለች። ለግብጽ በጣም ከባድ የሆነ ጊዜ ነው እየመጣባት ያለው።

300 ሚልየን የሚሆኑ እነዚህ እርጉም አረቦች የራሻችን ብቻ የሚሏቸው 22 ሰፋፊና አገሮች አሏቸው፤ ለራሳቸው ብቻ። ሰይጣን አምላካቸውም ከምድሮቻቸው በታች ጥቁሩን ምራቁን(ነዳጅ ዘይት)አውጥተው እንዲሸጡና ዓለማችንንም እንዲበጠብጡ አድርጓቸዋል። ለኢትዮጵያውያን ያለችን አንዲት አገር ኢትዮጵያ ብቻ ናት። አረቦቹ በምዕራባውያኑ አበረታችነት ለዘመናት በኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ ጣልቃ እየገቡ ሲያውኩን፣ ሲተናኮሉን እና እርስበርስ ሲያባሉን ቆይተዋል። አሁን የእብሪትና ትዕቢት ጊዚያቸው እያለቀ ስለሆነ፤ ኢትዮጵያ ተገቢውን ቅጣት ታሳያቸው ዘንድ የእግዚአብሔር ፈቃድ አላት። 1400 ዓመት የፈጀው የአስከፊው ውድቀታችን ዘመን አክትሟል፤ እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን የምንጎሳቆልበትና የእነዚህ ደካሞች መቀለጂያና መሳለቂያ የምንሆንበትን ዘመን ጨርሰናል።

ስለዚህ ለእነዚህ አረቦች አርፋችሁ ተቀመጡ፡ አሊያ አንድ ኩባያ ውሃ እንኳን ከአባይ አታገኙም! ብለን አሁን ልንነግራቸው ይገባናል። ዝምታው ይብቃ!

Arab League “Extreme Concern” over Ethiopia’s Nile Dam

Worries over water security for millions of people prompted the Arab League yesterday to say it is following “with extreme concern” talks between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia over the latter’s Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), which it is building on the Blue Nile.

Ethiopia was not “cooperating and coordinating enough”, said Ahmed Abul-Gheit, secretary general of the league, a regional association of 22 countries in Africa and the Middle East.

We do not feel that Ethiopia was cooperating and coordinating enough. The Ethiopian plans to operate the dam and use its water in irrigation are ambiguous and concerning,” he said, reports Egyptian news site Ahramonline.

Has The Arab League Ever Actually Done Anything For The Arabs?

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Posted in Conspiracies, Ethiopia, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

A Fmous Egyptian Singer Faces Trial for ‘Provocative’ Nile Remarks

Posted by addisethiopia on November 15, 2017

A famous Egyptian singer faces trial for “spreading provocative publicity” after she suggested that drinking from the River Nile could make someone ill.

A lawsuit was filed after video emerged showing Sherine Abdel Wahab being asked at a concert last year to sing Mashrebtesh Men Nilha (Have You Drunk From The Nile?)

She responded by saying “drinking from the Nile will get me schistosomiasis” – a disease commonly known as bilharzia.

“Drink Evian, it’s better,” she added.

On Tuesday, the Egyptian Musicians Syndicate announced that it banned the 37 year old from performing over her “unjustified mockery of our dear Egypt”.

The union said it had opened an investigation and would not grant Abdel Wahab the necessary permits until she appeared before officials to answer questions.

Abdel Wahab later apologised for her “foolish joke” at the concert, which she said took place in the United Arab Emirates more than a year ago.

“My beloved country Egypt and sons of my country Egypt, I apologise to you with all my heart for any pain I may have caused you,” she added.

But on Wednesday, state newspaper al-Ahram reported that Abdel Wahab would face trial on 23 December at a Cairo misdemeanours court on the charge of “spreading provocative publicity”. A lawsuit accused her of insulting the Egyptian state and undermining efforts to produce tourism, it said.

State television would also no longer play her songs, according to al-Ahram.

Source

My Note: Actually, Egyptians should listen to her, and better beginn storing enough Evian water, perhaps, beneath the Pyramids, as they won’t be able to drink from the Ethiopian Nile soon.

[Isaiah 19:5-8]

The waters of the river will dry up,

and the riverbed will be parched and dry.

The canals will stink;

the streams of Egypt will dwindle and dry up.

The reeds and rushes will wither,

also the plants along the Nile,

at the mouth of the river.

Every sown field along the Nile

will become parched, will blow away and be no more.

The fishermen will groan and lament,

all who cast hooks into the Nile;

those who throw nets on the water

will pine away.

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Posted in Conspiracies, Health, Music | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Volcanic Suppression Of Nile Summer Flooding Triggers Revolt And Constrains Interstate Conflict In Ancient Egypt

Posted by addisethiopia on October 20, 2017

Abstract

Volcanic eruptions provide tests of human and natural system sensitivity to abrupt shocks because their repeated occurrence allows the identification of systematic relationships in the presence of random variability. Here we show a suppression of Nile summer flooding via the radiative and dynamical impacts of explosive volcanism on the African monsoon, using climate model output, ice-core-based volcanic forcing data, Nilometer measurements, and ancient Egyptian writings. We then examine the response of Ptolemaic Egypt (305–30 BCE), one of the best-documented ancient superpowers, to volcanically induced Nile suppression. Eruptions are associated with revolt onset against elite rule, and the cessation of Ptolemaic state warfare with their great rival, the Seleukid Empire. Eruptions are also followed by socioeconomic stress with increased hereditary land sales, and the issuance of priestly decrees to reinforce elite authority. Ptolemaic vulnerability to volcanic eruptions offers a caution for all monsoon-dependent agricultural regions, presently including 70% of world population.

Introduction

The need to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of anthropogenic climate change has revived interest in longstanding but unsettled questions concerning how past climatic changes have influenced human societies1. Egypt provides a unique historical laboratory in which to study social vulnerability and response to abrupt hydroclimatic shocks. As one of the Ancient World’s great “hydraulic civilizations”2, its prosperity was overwhelmingly tied to the annual cycle of Nile summer flooding, with diminished flooding (Nile failure) often associated with major human impacts through its many millennia of recorded history3. Of all Ancient Egyptian history, that of Ptolemaic Egypt (305–30 BCE; Fig. 1a) is most richly furnished with contemporary documentation. As the longest-lived successor to Alexander the Great’s empire, the Ptolemaic state was a major force in the transformative Hellenistic era, a period marked by large-scale conflict but also material and cultural achievement. Ptolemaic Egypt featured one of the largest cities of the Ancient Mediterranean (Alexandria), including the Great Library and Lighthouse, and was a hub for invention, boasting minds such as Euclid and Archimedes. Technological advances such as the saqiya4, a rotary-wheel water-lifting machine documented by the mid-third century BCE, maslin (mixed wheat-barley) cropping, as well as grain storage, acted to mitigate the impacts of the mercurial Nile flood. Families also distributed land in geographically dispersed individual shares to further hedge against the risk of Nile failure, and tailored agricultural decisions to annual flood conditions6. External territories (e.g., Anatolia, Syria) capable of rainfed agriculture also helped buffer the state against Nile failure. The existence of these mitigation and adaptation strategies highlights the importance of managing Nile variability in Ptolemaic Egypt, yet discussion of the impact of hydroclimatic shocks is effectively absent from modern histories of the period.

At ~6825 km, the Nile is among the Earth’s great rivers, fed by rainfall in Africa’s equatorial plateau (mainly via the White Nile) and the Ethiopian Highlands (mainly via the Blue Nile and Atbara rivers)8. Before twentieth century damming, the summer flood, driven primarily by monsoon rainfall in the Ethiopian highlands, began with rising waters observed at Aswan as early as June, peaking from August to September, and largely receding by the end of October, when crop sowing began2. Nile flood suppression from historical eruptions has been little studied, despite Nile failures with severe social impacts coinciding with eruptions su

Explosive eruptions can perturb climate by injecting sulfurous gases into the stratosphere; these gases react to form reflective sulfate aerosols that remain aloft in decreasing concentrations for approximately one to two years11. While most studies of the climatic effects of volcanism have focused on temperature changes, contemporary and historical societies were also vulnerable to hydrological changes12. Hydroclimate is harder to reconstruct and model, but studies are increasingly noting global and regional hydroclimatic impacts from explosive volcanism. Volcanic aerosols influence hydroclimate through multiple mechanisms. Aerosol scattering of solar radiation to space reduces tropospheric temperatures; if lower-tropospheric relative humidities remain unchanged, the mass of water converged by a given wind distribution decreases, and precipitation minus surface evaporation (P-E) is thus reduced21. This thermodynamic effect may represent the principal means by which equatorially symmetric aerosol distributions from tropical eruptions alter P–E15. In addition, extratropical eruptions increase sulfate aerosols on one side of the equator, cool that hemisphere, and may thus alter tropical P–E primarily by changing winds. In particular, a high-latitude energy sink in one hemisphere forces an anomalous Hadley circulation, shifting the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) away from that energy sink1. Aerosol cooling of northern high latitudes can thus force a southward shift of northern hemisphere (NH) summer monsoon precipitation, promoting drought in the northern parts of monsoon regions. These energy-budget arguments provide a more fundamental perspective on the controls on tropical rainfall than arguments based on land-ocean temperature contrast because large-scale tropical circulations are driven by horizontal gradients in the total (sensible plus latent) energy input to the atmosphere24. The hypothesis that a decrease in land-ocean temperature contrast will cause monsoon rainfall to weaken has been disproven by the observation that continental monsoon regions are cooler during years of enhanced monsoon precipitation25, and by the fact that monsoon winds weaken as land-ocean temperature contrast strengthens in projections of next-century warming.

Source

Egypt | The Pollution of the Nile River


Source of Pollution

1. Factories

There are about 700 facilities manufacturing a variety different products located along the Nile river. Some of these facilities dump chemicals into the Nile, while others’ runoff finds its way to the water.

Some of the chemicals that find their way into the river would be phosphors, nitrogen, and pesticide residue. Once dumped, these chemicals can have negative affects on the microorganisms living in the water, by increasing the population of unhealthy bacteria by 50%-180%

2. Food Industry

Studies show that more then 350 different factories discharge their waste in to the Nile. The majority of these factories are involved in the food industry.
The Nile is suffering from the amount of agricultural waste that’s being dumped into the river. The waste is full of toxic chemicals like detergents, heavy metals, and pesticides. Discharge of oil and grease can come from untreated domestic waste water. Fortunately, those chemicals can be treated and removed from the water, but some like mutagens, and neurotoxins remain unaffected by water treatment.

3. Phosphate

On April 22 2015, an Egyptian military owned barge spilled 500 tons of phosphate in to the Nile.

Phosphate is a mineral that comes from rocks when they are eroding. In small amounts, phosphate is good for water bodies. For example, it can help the growth of plankton and aquatic plants.

But in large amounts, like what was dumped into the Nile, it is very harmful. The mineral can cause a nutrient imbalance in the water, which can damage the aquatic plants and kill them, and can also speed up the aging process of the river.

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

የኢትዮጵያ ጠላቶች “እርርርይ! ዓባይ እየጠፋ ነው” ይሉናል

Posted by addisethiopia on May 12, 2017

እርርይ በከንቱ!

ባለፈው ሣምንትከሶሪያ በኋላ | ሮማውያኑ ሉሲፈራውያን በኢትዮጵያ ላይ ከባድ ሴራ እየጠነሰሱ ነው” የሚለውን ጽሑፍ ሳቀርብ ምናልባት የሚከተለውን ዓይነት ፀረ–ኢትዮጵያ የግብጽ–ወዳጅ ፕሮፓጋንዳዎች እንደሚለቀቁ ታይቶኝ ይሆን? መፍትሄ ሊሆን ይችላል ብለው ባቀረቧቸው ነጥቦች ላይ፡ “ጦርነት” መጀመሪያ ላይ መቀመጡ ያለምክኒያት አይደለም። ለመሆኑ፡ ጳጳሱ አዘዋቸው / ከፍለዋቸው ይሆን?!

ከአራት ዓመት በፊት ይህች እንግሊዛዊት ዜና አቅራቢ “ታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብ አይጠናቀቅም” ብላን ነበር፤

ድኻዋ ኢትዮጵያ ገንዘብ የላትም፡ እኛ ካልሰጠናት ግዱብን የመጨረስ አቅም የላትም….ቅብርጥሴአቀራረቧንና የድምጿን ጥላቻ የተሞላበት ቀለም መታዘብ ብቻ በቂ ነው።

2:44 ላይ፡ Once the dam is finished, IF IT’s FINISHED…!„ እረፍት የሌላቸው ግብዞች፣ ቅሌታሞች፣ አሰልቺዎችና አስቀያሚዎች ናቸው!

THE VANISHING NILE

ENVIRONMENT

The Nile river and its fertile delta were long the source of Egypt’s wealth and greatness. Today, they face relentless assault from both land and sea. (Yale Environment 360)

Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources, including today’s MapMaker Interactive map.

According to the Yale article, the Nile faces “relentless assault from both land and sea.” First, land:

What Terrestrial Features Threaten The Nile?

What Features Threaten The Nile From The Sea?

  • sea level rise. The Mediterranean Sea may swallow as much as a third of the Nile delta. This would be catastrophic for Egypt’s population and economy.
    • The lowering of land elevation in the Nile delta can be attributed to two phenomena. The first is seismic activity—earthquakes and other interactions between the African, Arabian, and Eurasian tectonic plates. The second is a lack of nutrient-rich flood sediments from the river. (Dams such as the Aswan Dam prevent the Nile from predictably overflowing its banks and depositing silt on the delta.)
    • Saltwater from the Mediterranean may jeopardize a third of freshwater volume in the Nile delta.

How Might Egypt Mitigate Threats To The Nile?

    • war. Egyptian leaders have warned that “all options are open”, but despite this incendiary rhetoric, few critics think a violent conflict with Ethiopia is likely.
    • diplomacy. Some experts think Egypt may be able to negotiate with Ethiopia to lengthen the time to fill the GERD reservoir. While benefitting Egypt, this would mean Ethiopians would have to wait for benefits (water, electricity) of the dam.
    • desalination. Many experts are advising Egypt to imitate its neighbor, Saudi Arabia, and invest in costly desalination plants on its Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts.
    • drip irrigation. Egypt will almost certainly have to invest in drip irrigation methods for agriculture. Drip irrigation conserves water by reducing runoff and evaporation.
    • family planning. Egypt’s water crisis is exacerbated by its “contraception crisis,” in which family planning medications are increasingly unavailable. A smaller population would put less stress on the Nile.

Source

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Egypt & Sudan: They Drink Ethiopian Water + Eat Her Soil For Free, For Ages, Yet, They Declared War Against Our Christian Brothers and Sisters of Zion

Posted by addisethiopia on March 3, 2017

Ezekiel29

Major Egyptian Christian Bishop Declares ‘We Christians Have Done All We Can To Forgive Our Persecutors But The Muslims Keep Butchering Us And Nobody Cares’

Bishop Anba Angaelos is episcopal head of the Coptic Church for the United Kingdom. In a scathing analysis of the situation in Egypt, he said that Christianity was being wiped out and that Christians have done all they can do to forgive their persecutors, but unless something is done they will be massacred at the hands of the Muslims:

At least 40 Coptic Christians have been killed in “targeted attacks” in Egypt over the last three months and many are being warned they must “leave or die,” a prominent Coptic bishop has said.

Coptic Bishop Anba Angaelos, the general bishop of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the United Kingdom, issued a statement Tuesday decrying the escalating violence the Christian community in Egypt has faced over the last several weeks.

As The Christian Post has reported, there has been an ongoing series of murders of Christians and deliberate attacks on the Coptic community in recent weeks, some of which Islamic State militants in the Sinai Peninsula are believed to be responsible for.

Angaelos has said the number of Christians who’ve been murdered in recent attacks on the Coptic community is now up to 40 in just the last three months.

I have now drafted and redrafted this statement numerous times over the past weeks, wanting to say something about the deadly attacks experienced by Coptic Christians in Egypt on a daily basis. Yet every time I do, there seems to be a new and often more horrifying attack that needs to be addressed,” Angaelos wrote in a statement shared with CP. “In the past three months alone 40 Coptic Christians have been murdered in targeted attacks in Egypt.”

From the [Dec. 11] terrorist bombing on St. Peter’s Coptic Church in Cairo that claimed the lives of 29 mainly women and children, to the murders of individuals across the country since, the one common denominator is that these innocent children, women and men have had their lives brutally and tragically ended for no other reason except that they are Christians,” Angaelos said.

Incitement by terrorist groups that call for the killing of Christians in Egypt has spiralled over the past weeks to the extent that lists of churches and individuals have now been released as desirable targets,” Angaelos explained. “While persecution is nothing new for the Coptic community, this escalation of attacks over the past months, culminating in the most recent murders of seven Christians in Al-Arish, has resulted in the displacement of hundreds forced to leave their generations-old homes in North Sinai.”

These horrific attacks have gone largely unnoticed by the international community, but Copts continue to suffer tragic violations daily,” Angaelos added.

Angaelos asserted that crimes against Christians are “religiously motivated.” He points out that in many cases, extremists have circulated flyers in villages that tell Christians to “leave or die.”

Similar events have tragically occurred far too often over the past years, and there is unfortunately little deterrent to prevent them from reoccurring,” Angaelos added.

In our fast moving world that is filled with so much news of tragedy, war and death, it is all too easy for atrocities to become ‘incidents,’ and for individuals suffering them to become mere statistics, very quickly pushed aside by the next item of news,” he continued. “In the eyes of the perpetrators they are a viable target, and in the eyes of the world they become a regrettable phenomenon; yet what is actually left behind is traumatized individuals, families and communities that have lost loved ones, living the reality of themselves being targeted.”

Angaelos further emphasized that even though Copts in Egypt have faced persecution and atrocities, they have done their part to remain peaceful and forgive their persecutors.

After the destruction of over 100 places of Christian ministry and worship in August of 2013, the bombing of various churches across the country in the last decade, and the targeted killing of clergy, families, women and children, purely for their faith, the community and individuals within it remain non-violent and resilient,” he stressed. “Despite there being condemnation of these attacks by national government and authorities, there is yet to be a consistent robust and fair implementation of these same sentiments more regionally and locally.”(source)

The Bishop’s insightful comments align with our experience here at Shoebat.com through the Rescue Christians project. While it is good and ideal to try to keep Christians in their native lands, the reality is that these people do not have anything left for them in their native areas. Their homes have been destroyed and along with that the communities, economies, and social networks that make up any human society. Left without any means of sustenance and only able to rebuild based on what foreign money comes to them through donations in combination with the facts that they are isolated as minorities in a hostile Muslim-majority area and the peoples have been thoroughly demoralized and crippled by fear from the attacks, they are completely vulnerable and will be massacred as soon as a Muslim individual, group, or government decides to kill them for any reason.

As the Bishop has said, the Christians of Egypt and really, much of the Muslim world have faithfully done their part and more for keeping peace and trying to build a healthy relationship with their Muslim neighbors in spite of differences and have continued to do it even while they are being abused, cheated, tortured, and murdered. However, like the saying goes, “it takes two to tango”- the Christians can do anything and have all the hope in the world, but unless the Muslims are willing to do their part and reciprocate then nothing further can be done.

The decision that has been made by these Muslims and their governments is clear. Either they are unable to or they are unwilling to put forth a good faith effort to help the Christian peoples of their lands. Whatever the reason, the inaction of the Muslims to uphold their social responsibilities as human beings towards their fellow man is not an excuse for inaction and as we at Shoebat.com noted from our experiences, it is not the time to give the impression of offering help as a political cover for doing nothing. These people are the actual refugees who need to be relocated to the West and other areas because if they are not helped, they will die.

Christianity has survived for 14 centuries in Egypt, and while I do not want to simply “give up,” the fact is also that the welfare of these people come first. Buildings can be rebuilt, economies can be recreated, civilizations can be restored, even if it is a long and difficult process. However, lives cannot be restored once lost.

At the same time, this incident, while sad, is another reminder to Christians that in the struggle with Islam, Christians cannot simply “submit” to Islam because that is simply buying time before your inevitable death and destruction. Christianity has always been at war- a war against all evil for the salvation of the souls of men. In a war, there is no “middle ground”- there is a winner and a loser.

Christ has won the final battle through the cross, but the war for the souls of men will rage until the second coming. That said, it is why Christians must not only be prepared to suffer persecution and help the persecuted, but also to wage active war- spiritual and physical- against the wicked to seek to pervert and destroy God’s people. Just as the Christians of Egypt noted that they can do all they are able to but unless the Muslims are willing to reciprocate, nothing can happen, likewise the Christians can do all they can to be peaceful and avoid physical war with Islam and Muslims, but the fact is that such is as only as good as Muslims are willing to honor it, which they will only do so in as much as it is to their advantage before turning to physical war.

Prepare yourself accordingly, soul, mind and body, for as Islam rises in the West and Christianity becomes a hated religion more than it is already, the horrors of the old world will come full circle. Christians will have much to suffer for the sake of Christ, but they will also have to rise up and meet and defeat the Muslims in physical combat just as the Christians of old did for centuries.

Source

Egyptian Christians Warned to ‘Leave or Die’ as 40 Copts Killed in Last 3 Months

A New Genocide for Egypt’s Christians?

— Mama Merkel – Mother of Muslim Rapefugees Gives Egypt $500 million For The Systematic Extermination of Africans & Christians in The Desert

Sudan Has ‘Declared War Against Christians’ To Stop Them From Leading Muslims To Christ, Says Pastor

The Sudanese government has not officially announced it. However, a pastor who was once wrongfully imprisoned in the country has revealed that Khartoum has virtually “declared war against Christians.”

This is the reason why pastors are being locked up in jail and churches demolished in the Muslim-majority East African nation, according to the persecution watchdog group International Christian Concern (ICC).

On behalf of The Christian Post, the ICC’s East Africa team interviewed Pastor Michael Yat, one of the pastors who have suffered imprisonment in Sudan for their faith.

Yat told the ICC team that when he travelled to Khartoum to take up a new assignment with the South Sudan Evangelical Presbyterian Church in 2014, “little did I know that Sudan had declared war against Christians.”

Thus, on the second day he preached at a church in Khartoum, Yat was arrested and thrown in jail, where he was held for nine months.

Yat explained the reason why the Sudanese government hated Christians, especially those who can speak Arabic. He said it’s because the regime of President Omar al-Bashir is fearful that Christians “can easily reach out to the Muslims and win them to Christ.”

A number of pastors are still languishing in Sudanese prisons reportedly on trumped-up national security charges. One of them, the Rev. Hassan Abduraheem, is the subject of a global release petition made by The American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ). Abduraheem has been sentenced to 12 years in prison for his faith.

destroying a sign indicating Muslim ownership of a school called the Evangelical School of Sudan, according to The Christian Post.

The al-Bashir government has ordered the demolition of numerous churches, with at least 25 church buildings demolished last month alone.

Sudanese authorities also continue to harass Christian church congregants and threaten foreign Christians with expulsion, ICC said.

ecuting country in the world on its 2017 World Watch List.

Sudan has been on Open Doors’ World Watch List since 1993 and has almost always been ranked in the top 20 over the years.

The Christian persecution watchdog states that the persecution of Christians in Sudan “is systematic and reminiscent of ethnic cleansing.”

Source

Selected Comment:

The lying snakes of Islam and their western enablers and apologists cry the blues when a Muslim over here gets a dirty look, or a piece of bacon put on a doorknob. They run to the media with fake “Islamophobia” and Hijab hoaxes, and claim how the Muslim community lives in “fear” from Donald Trump supporters, or they are made uncomfortable on a campus.

Boo effing hoo. You are all liars. Every day around and throughout the Islamic world this crap goes on as a matter of rule, not exception. The same Islam that creates this in Egypt and Pakistan is the same Islam found in every western Mosque. We are now seeing the effects of mass Muslim immigration to Europe and what really happens when their numbers increase beyond a small little minority. This is why the Islamic world declined from about A.D. 1100. The Golden Age is a myth. Anything that occurred during this time was in spite of Islam, not because of it. Like the suffocating Burka that restricts the free expression and movement of Muslim women, Islam itself does this to the mind. Keeping out the rays of light of knowledge beyond the Koran and Hadith.

The Muslim world has created nothing that contributes to the advancement of civilization. It is a destroyer of culture, language, free expression, thought and speech, free enquiry, reason and logic. Everything is to be subordinated to Islam. Is it any wonder that it has found an enabler in Leftism? Just as the socialist regimes of fascism and communism prohibit with extreme prejudice anything that threatens it from within, the same can be found in Islam’s Koran and Hadith. Islam has been kept alive through threats and violence; actual or implied. The draconian punishment of death for apostasy, blasphemy or insulting the prophet of Islam has cowed its followers into submission since its early beginnings. Just as surely as any dictator of the 20th century.

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Why / What President Donald Trump Should Learn From The Great Christian Emperor of Ethiopia Zar’a Ya’qob (1434—1468)

Posted by addisethiopia on January 14, 2017

Because it is only ETHIOPIA and her Almighty God EGZIABHER Who the anti-Christians from Arabia are terrified of. Remember of Prester John of Ethiopia? By coincidence that the inauguration of the President of the United States is taking place almost on the very day of “Ethiopian” Epiphany?

zerayaqobAccording to one of the 268 stories in the Ta’amra Maryam, “The Miracles of the Virgin Mary,” a popular Ethiopian theme, Emperor Dawit prayed to The Virgin Mary before raiding anti-Christian Egypt. In reply she advised the emperor, in the name of God, to divert the Nile. The river is referred to in the leg-ends as the „Abbay“ or the „Geyon“, the Biblical river of paradise that flows through the land of Ethiopia (Genesis 2:13) . When the Egyptians saw that their waters had receded, they sued for peace and promised never again to be the foes of Christianity.

In the 15th century, Emperors Dawit and Yishaq were very successful in fighting the infidel Muslims (pay attention how they project to call us “infidels”) in the Horn of Africa. After Emperor Yishaq defeated Islamic Ifat by capturing Zeilla in 1415, the Mamluk Sultan Barsbay retaliated, as he did when he came to power in 1422, by closing the Ethiopian monastery in Jerusalem. Emperor Yishaq lost no time in taking revenage on mosques and Muslims in Ethiopia, while Barsbay responded by threatening to harm the Copts in Egypt.

With the ascension of the ascension of the greatest of the Solomonian emperor, Zar’a Ya’qob (Seed of Jacob) (1434—1468), to power, the European-Nile connection became central to general Ethiopian strategy. Zar’a Ya’qob launched wars against Muslim Adan and stove to spread Christianity with the help of a united church.

When Sultan Jaqmaq (1438—1453) came to power, he renewed the Mamluks’ attacks against crusaders stationed in Cyprus and Rodes in the eastern Mediterranean. H was especially angered by Coptic participation in the anti-Islamic coordination effort at the Council of Florence (remember this council) and ordered the Coptic Patriarch to report any communication he received from Zar’a Ya’qob. There followed a chain of anti-Coptic actions in Egypt, including new taxes and the burning of churches.

In November 1443 a delegation from Zar’a Ya’qob handed this letter to Sultan Jaqmaq:

From the righteous…. Zar’a Ya’qob….King of Kings of Ethiopia…

To the noble, elevated Imam, the royal Sultan al-Zahir Jaqmaq, sultan of the Muslims and of Islam in Egypt and Syria. It is our goal to renew the understandings that existed between our predecessors. Let these understandings remain preserved without interruption. You, may the good Lord save you, know well what the shepherd needs to do with his sheep. Our father the Patriarch and our brothers the Christians, who are under your government and under your noble kingdom, are very few, weak, and poor. They cannot be more numerous than just one Islamic community in one of the regions of our country. And you, may the good Lord save you, are not aware of the Muslims under our government, that we are the rulers of their kings and and we always treat them well, and their kings live with us wearing golden crowns and riding horses? And are you not aware, you and your Sultan, that the River Nile is flowing to you from our country and that we are capable of preventing the floods that irrigate your country? Nothing keeps us from so doing, only the belief in God and the care for his slaves. We have presented to you what you need to know and you should know what you have to do.

Zar’a Ya’qob’s letter created little understanding. Jaqmaq responded by sending an emissary bearing gifts and an evasive reply. When Zar’a Ya’qob detained the emissary, Jaqmaq detained the Patriarch in Cairo, forcing him to write to the Ethiopian requesting the emissary’s release. Before his release, however, the Egyptian prisoner was taken to observe Zar’a Ya’qob inflict yet another defeat on Adal’s sultan, Shihab al-Din, in 1445. When Jaqmaq wrote to the new Adalite sultan suggesting that he make peace with Zar’a Ya’qob, the latter responded in 1449 that the Ethiopian Emperor had built a navy of 200 ships in preparation for an attack on Mecca and aimed to destroy the Kaaba. He further warned that Zar’a Ya’qob was contemplating blocking the Nile.

ethiopian-reading-angel

Zar’a Ya’qob brought Ethiopia’s awareness of the Nile’s political significance to its peak. He also added significant religious and cultural dimensions to this awareness by overseeing the competion of the translation and modification fo the Ta’amara Maryam. This collection of narratives included The Virgin Mary‘s advice to fight Egypt and Islam by diverting the Geyon, the Nile. Zar’a Ya’qob institutionalized the veneration of Mary as preeminent among the saints of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, and in 1441 he introduced the reading of passages from the Ta’amra Maryam as a major ritual on Sundays. The Nile legacy of the Virgin Mary, together with that of the entire Solomonian period, was to endure. The idea that the Geyon was part of Ethiopia’s biblical heritage, that Ethiopia dominated its flow, and that Ethiopian control of the river was sanctioned by heaven remained part of the Christian Ethiopian ethos.

Raf’ sha’n al-hubshan. Al-Suyuti – in the last section he addresses mythical concepts of future catastrophes and contains short quotation about the destruction of various places all over the world. According to one such tradition, Egypt will be destroyed due to the drying up of the Nile. According to another, Mecca will be destroyed by the Ethiopians.

In defense of Orthodoxy, he nevertheless introduced dramatic innovations in Church life and policy. Many of these changes had to do with the liturgical cycle; after a Christmas Day victory over an invading Muslim army which greatly outnumbered his own, Zara Yaqob decreed that from then on Christmas would be celebrated every month, and went on to add numerous other monthly feasts as well. Intensely devoted to the Mother of God (and greatly impressed by reports of her contemporary miraculous apparition at Metmaq, Egypt), the emperor required that every church have an altar dedicated in her honor, and ordered all 33 of her festivals to be observed as if they were Sundays no matter when they fell in the week. Several classic works of Ge’ez literature date from his reign, most of them in some way connected to veneration of the Theotokos; among them is a translation of the Western European Miracles of the Virgin.

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Egypt Takes Delivery Of Second French Mistral Warship

Posted by addisethiopia on September 16, 2016

egyptplagues

Egypt took delivery of a second French Mistral helicopter carrier on Friday, part of a $1 billion deal signed last year.

Egypt took over the ship at a ceremony in the Atlantic coast port of Saint-Nazaire. It was the second of two France agreed last year to sell to Egypt.

The two ships were originally built for sale to Russia, but that sale was canceled after Russia’s annexation of Crimea.

“It has been a very complicated, uncertain period to manage, but thanks to the French government’s support, we were able to find a navy that needed it,” a spokesman for the state-backed shipbuilder DCNS told Reuters.

The French naval contractor had to strip out all the ship’s information systems and instructions written in Cyrillic script and replace them with Arabic and English lettering.

The “Anwar El-Sadat” will sail from Saint-Nazaire early next week for joint exercises with the French navy before setting off for Alexandria.

The Mistral is known as the “Swiss army knife” of the French navy for its versatility. Capable of carrying vessels and tanks, the will serve as command centers for the Egyptian fleet.

Cairo has tried to boost its military power in the face of a two-year insurgency in northern Sinai and fears that civil war in neighboring Libya could spill over.

Egypt has also ordered four corvettes, 100-metres long, that will be built in two years, and negotiations are under way to order two more, the spokesman for DCNS told Reuters.

Cairo has tried to boost its military power in the face of a two-year insurgency in northern Sinai and fears that civil war in neighboring Libya could spill over.

My Note: Really? We know what the Egyptian snake needs these ships for. abune-tekel-haymanot7And the French, how could we forget, they first stole Djibouti from Ethiopia, and now they are arming her historical enemy (with a covert Russian concession to the ships – Russia, Egypt are in talks on equipment for Mistrals). According to the Book of Daniel those apostate western nations, like the French who betrayed Christianity are now creating temporary alliance of convenience with the Arab Muslim nations. These western nations are assisting anti-Christian Islamic movements everywhere. They were active provoking revolts and chaos in Ethiopia on the eve of September 11, New Year’s Day. The timing has always been very important for them. No! Our nation wouldn’t be fooled another time, but they still try to scare us with the French-made helicopter carrier – which is an important tool of power projection. But, in the end, these Luciferians will crumble big time.

Well, unless they immediately cease engaging in hostile activities directed against the Ethiopian nation and our Coptic brothers and sisters – the secret St. Teklehaymanot brigade will be ready to contaminate THE RIVER with very ancient radioactive material. Again, they’ll never learn, because of their hardened pharaoh heart and stubbornness, the world’s most populated Arab country will soon drop in stature to the lowliest of nations in the world. God Egziabher will surely bring judgment on His enemies.

It shall be the lowliest of kingdoms; it shall never again exalt itself above the nations, for I will diminish them so that they will not rule over the nations anymore.” [Ezekiel 29:15]

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Sacred Rivers: The Spiritual Side of The Ganges, The Nile and The Yangtze

Posted by addisethiopia on October 12, 2014

BlueNileFalls2

As his new television series ‘Sacred Rivers’ begins, Simon Reeve reveals the spiritual side of the Ganges, the Nile and the Yangtze

Outside a small hillside shrine at Gish Abay in the lush highlands of Ethiopia a large crowd had gathered under the sweltering midday sun. They were waiting patiently by a shack with a tin roof for Orthodox priests to bless them with water from an unimpressive little stream. But as it dribbles through a grassy meadow and tumbles down a rocky hill, hundreds of other trickles and torrents join it, and the stream is transformed into the mighty Nile.

I was visiting Gish Abay, revered by millions as the source of the world’s longest river, while filming Sacred Rivers, a new TV series for which I travelled the length of the Nile, the Yangtze and the Ganges.

The three journeys were rollicking adventures and an opportunity to explore remote and magnificent areas of the world, while having my brain fed with stories about the cultures, religions and countries that have emerged along some of our greatest rivers. They were also eye-opening experiences and often extremely moving.

Hundreds of pilgrims had travelled from across Ethiopia to the source of the Nile, either to give thanks for the holy waters, or to seek good fortune or healing for a depressing list of ailments. There was both wailing and joy. One young woman told me, with the certainty of the pious, that her kidney infection had just been cured by contact with the water.

The shrine at the source is underwhelming, but the veneration of the water made absolute sense to me. The Nile is life-giving. In the arid regions of north-eastern Africa, human existence would be virtually impossible without it. The same is true of the Ganges and Yangtze. Rivers have helped to shape the development of human civilisation. What could be more normal than to thank and praise God or the gods for the magical, mysterious gift of a river that has nurtured and sustained vast numbers of humans for aeons of time?

The Nile: The life-giving force at the heart of Africa

Two great tributaries form the world’s longest river: the White Nile running north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, which begins in Ethiopia, where I began my journey from source to sea.

Think of the Nile and you invariably think of Egypt, pharaohs and pyramids. But it’s actually Ethiopia that provides almost 90 per cent of the total flow of the Nile.

With a BBC team I followed the Blue Nile from Gish Abay to the far north-west of Ethiopia, and the vast waters of beautiful Lake Tana, an inland sea covering more than 1,000 square miles, also considered by some to be the source of the Blue Nile.

Fishermen on the lake still use boats made from papyrus, which grows all the way along the river Nile and played a major role in all of the civilisations that grew up on its banks. A local boatbuilder called Girma let me paddle around in one of his new creations, and although papyrus boats are as stable as a bowl of jelly, to my amazement I managed to avoid a watery dip.

Across the lake I stopped at the 700-year-old monastery of Ura Kidane Mehret, one of dozens in the area. Inside, vivid wall paintings tell the story of Ethiopia’s spectacular religious heritage. According to legend a Lake Tana monastery was also the resting place of the Ark of the Covenant. Many Ethiopians believe it’s still in the country.

Heading north into Sudan, I saw the meeting point of the two Niles, the extraordinary spectacle of Khartoum’s ”whirling dervishes’’, and took a long drive into the desert to a region once home to the ancient Nile civilisation now known as Nubia.

Nubia developed along the river 5,000 years ago, and stretched from northern Sudan into southern Egypt. It is still little-known, but there are more pyramids in Sudan than in Egypt, and at Nuri there is a royal cemetery containing pyramids for 20 kings and 54 queens of the Nubian kingdom known as Kush.

Climbing the ruined side of the pyramid belonging to Taharqa, the greatest of all Kushite pharaohs – who ruled not only Sudan but the whole of Egypt as well – was a breathtaking experience.

Standing on top of Jebel Barkal, a lone 90m-high outcrop once considered the holiest site in Nubia partly because of its proximity to the Nile, I could see clearly why so many people worship our sacred rivers. Around me there was desert. Beyond the river, there was desert. But along the riverbanks, there was life.

Religions often developed out of a desire to explain and understand the forces of nature and creation. At Nuri there could not have been a clearer representation of the powerful gift of a river.

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Dam Rising in Ethiopia Stirs Hope and Tension

grand-ethiopian-renaissance-damThere is a remote stretch of land in Ethiopia’s forested northwest where the dust never settles. All week, day and night, thousands of workers pulverize rocks and lay concrete along a major tributary of the Nile River. It is the site of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the continent’s biggest hydropower plant and one of the most ambitious infrastructure projects ever in Africa.

Ethiopia is a poor country, often known best for its past famines, but officials say the dam will be paid for without foreign assistance — a point of national pride. Computer-generated images of the finished structure are framed in government offices, splashed across city billboards and broadcast in repeated specials on the state-owned television channel.

We lean on the generousness of the rest of the world,” said Zadig Abrha, deputy director of the dam’s public mobilization office. “So there is a conviction on the part of the public to change this, to regain our lost greatness, to divorce ourselves from the status quo of poverty. And the first thing that we need to do is make use of our natural resources, like water.”

Ethiopia, one of the world’s fastest-growing economies, has poured its resources into a slew of megaprojects in recent years, including dams, factories, roads and railways across the country.

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Three Waves of Resource-Driven imperialism: The Battle For Water

Posted by addisethiopia on May 27, 2014

ነጠብጣቦቹን ለማገናኘት……ቱሎው ኦይል በመባል የሚታወቀው እንግሊዛዊው የነዳጅ ዘይትና ጋዝ አውጪ ኩባንያ ጥቁሩን ወርቅ / የሰይጣንን ደም ከአገራችን ቅዱስ ምድር ቆፍሮ ለማውጣት ሲሠማራ: “ይህች ምድር ውኃ እንጂ ዘይት የላትም አለ።”

ለመሆኑ ቆሻሻው ዘይት ወይስ ቅዱሱ ውኃ? የቱ ይሻለናል?

የጥንታዊቷ ግሪክ የታሪክ ሊቅ፡ ሄሮዶቶስ፡ ረጅም እድሜ የሚሰጥ ቅዱስ ውኃ በኢትዮጵያ ምድር ይገኛል ሲል ጽፎ ነበር። ምናልባት ይህ አስቀንቷቸው ይሆን እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን እንድንራብና እንድንጠማ የእድሚያችን ዘመንም በጣም እንዲያጥር የተደረገው? ሰሞኑን በኢትዮጵያ በህይወት የመቆየት እድሜ ከ45 ወደ 64 ከፍ አለ ተብሏል፡ ታዲያ መንስኤው ያላችሁን ሁሉ መተው ነው፡ ዘመናዊውን አኗኗር ምረጡ፤ በጤፍ ፈንታ ድንች ብሉ፣ በጠላ ፈንታ ቢራ፥ በውኃ ፈንታ ፋንታ ጠጡ ሊሉን ይሆን? ለነገሩ በማለትም ላይ ናቸው! ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከሃያ ዓይነት በላይ የታሸጉ ውኃዎች ቢኖሩም በጥራት የብቃት ማረጋገጫ የወሰዱት ስምንት ብቻ ናቸው።

በአሁኒቷ ዓለማችን ወኃ ከምንም ነገር ይበልጥ ውዱ ንብረት እንደሆነ እንገነዘባለን። ታዲያ ያልተነካና ያልተበከለ ንጹህ ውኃ ከቅዱሳን ተራሮቿ ሥር የተቀበሩባት አገራችንን ከዚህ ጋር በተያያዘ ሆን ብለው ብዙም አያነሷትም። እነዚህ ነዳጅ ያወጡ ዘንድ ወደ አገራችን የሚመጡት ተቋማት እውነት ዘይትን ብቻ የምፈልጉ ይመስለናልን? ለመሆኑ በአሁኑ ጊዜ በአገራችን የሚታየው የመጠጥ ውኃ እጥረት ከምንስ ጋር የተያያዘ ይሆን? ጥማተኞቹ ከብበውናል!!

 
nile-river-basin-400x570

Water is to the twenty-first century what oil was to the twentieth century: the commodity that determines the wealth and stability of nations.

 
People who think that the West’s interventions in Iraq, Libya and Syria are only about oil are mistaken. Broadly speaking, Western interest in the Middle East is becoming increasingly about a commodity more precious than oil, namely water.
 
According to the U.S.-based Center for Public Integrity, Western nations stand to make up to a US$1 trillion from privatizing, purifying and distributing water in a region where water often sells for far more than oil.
 
Although over two thirds of our planet is water, we face an acute shortage. This scarcity flies in the face of our natural assumptions. The problem is that 97 percent is salt water. Great for fish, not so good for humans. Of the world’s fresh water, only one percent is available for drinking, with the remaining two percent trapped in glaciers and ice.
 
Put differently: if all the water on earth was represented by an 11-litre jug, the freshwater would fill a single cup, and we can only access the last drop.
 
Nature has decreed that the supply of water is fixed; all the while, demand is rising as the world’s population increases and enriches itself. By 2030, climate change, population growth, pollution and urbanization will compound, such that the demand for water globally is estimated to outstrip supply by forty percent.
 
Increasingly, for water to be useful, it needs to be mined, processed, packaged, and transported, just like gold, coal, gas or oil. Unlike oil, there are no substitutes, alternatives or stopgaps for water.
 
There have been three waves of resource-driven imperialism in the modern era.
  • A quest for gold

  • Thirst for oil

  • The Battle For Water

A quest for gold fueled the first wave. Old-fashioned colonialists, regal and unembarrassed, rode in on horseback, brutally took control of American territories, sent in ostrich-plumed governors, minted coins with the Queen’s head on them, and gazed proudly over natives toiling away in perilous mine-shafts. An unprecedented kidnapping of millions of Africans ensued, so as to replace the indigenous Americans that had initially been exterminated by their European conquerors. This coincided with white pioneers brutally conquering Southern Africa, also in search of gold.
 
The second wave of imperialism has been driven by an unquenchable, post-industrial thirst for oil.
 
Modern petro-imperialism, the key aspect of which is the U.S. military’s transformation into a global oil-protection armed force, puts up a democratic facade, emphasizes freedom of the seas (or pipeline routes), and seeks to secure, protect, drill, and ship oil, not to administer everyday affairs. Nevertheless, the means by which the U.S. is centering its foreign policy around oil is hardly new in spirit, albeit unprecedented in scope.
 
The third wave of imperialist wars is currently being fought over nature’s most valuable commodity: water.
 
Prior to the invasion of Iraq in 2003, CIA analysts reported on a prediction of a new theater of war: hydrological warfare, “in which rivers, lakes and aquifers become national security assets to be fought over, or controlled”. These predictions became realized in quick succession, beginning with the recent wars in Iraq, Libya and Syria. It is now clear that the age of hydro-imperialism is upon us.
 
On April 17, 2003, in Iraq, the American company Bechtel received a no-bid reconstruction contract from U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) for US$100 billion; thus, making it the largest Iraq reconstruction contract. Therefore, the most lucrative Iraq reconstruction contract was not used to repair oil facilities, build schools and hospitals, or to repair bombarded infrastructure: it was used to source, process, and distribute water.
 
The secretive, opaque and no-bid nature of the water contract award process is made even worse by one incredible fact. Bechtel has botched many of its previous projects.
 
In California, Bechtel installed one of the nuclear power plant reactors backwards. In Boston, what promised to be a US$2.5 billion job for an infamous “Big Dig” project became the most expensive in U.S. history costing US$14.6 billion. The tunnel project was plagued by charges of poor execution, corruption, criminal arrests, and even four deaths.
 
In Bolivia, Bechtel`s record is one of privatizing water by inflating prices by 35 percent. The inflation caused public riots, in which several people died. Bechtel was ousted from the country and tried to sue the Bolivian government for canceling their contract.
 
Since the turn of the century, Iraq was the first casualty of hydro-imperialism, and Colonel Gaddafi’s assassination marked the second. Libya sits atop a natural resource more valuable than oil: the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer, which is a vast underground reserve of fresh water, estimated to be the largest in the world. Mr. Gaddafi had invested $25 billion into the aquifer, which had the potential to turn a country that is 95 percent desert into an arable oasis. As it now stands, France’s global mega-water companies: Suez, Ondeo, and Saur, control almost half of the world’s $400 billion water market. They are poised to rake in billions of dollars from Libya’s eighth wonder of the world.
 
Mr. Gaddafi had intended the scheme to be designed by Libyans, constructed by Libyans, for the benefit of the Libyan population. Now it is being redesigned by Frenchmen and women at inflated costs, constructed by French contractors, largely for the benefit of French shareholders. Libyan taxpayers will undoubtably be stuck with the bill and higher water bills.
 
The most recent case of hydro-imperialism is the war in Syria. Israel has been leading a Western campaign to support Syrian rebels; in part, because its leaders assert that the Syrian President, Bashar Al-Assad, poses an existential threat to Israel on the issue of water. Assad has vowed to reclaim the Golan Heights – a strip of land that Israel captured from Syria in the Six Day War of 1967. The Golan Heights provides a staggering 40 percent of Israel’s fresh water.
 
Syrian control of half of our water poses more of a threat than Iran with one bomb”, once remarked ex-Israeli intelligence head, Meir Dagan.
 
Assad has also been reticent to privatize the water industry and expose the population to predatory pricing, thereby preventing the West from tapping into a multi-billion dollar revenue stream.
 
Mr. Assad`s refusal to play ball on water privatization and his choice to play hardball over the Golan Heights meant that the Syrian President, like Mr. Hussein and Colonel Gaddafi before him, is an obstacle to the West`s hydro-imperialist agenda.
 
Control of nature`s most precious and increasingly valuable commodity will, for any nation, spell the difference between greatness and decline. Mr. Hussein, Colonel Gaddafi and a defiant Mr. Assad know that all too well.
 
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