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Ethiopia's World / የኢትዮጵያ ዓለም

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Posts Tagged ‘State Department’

Two Years into The #TigrayGenocide: The US is Still ‘Increasingly Concerned’ By Fighting in Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on September 16, 2022

💭 “State Department spokesman Ned Price called on both sides to ‘halt immediately their military offensives’”

💭 Let’s compare the following official statements on Ethiopia, Armenia, Ukraine and Egypt and see the hypocrisy and bias of American foreign policy:

👉 Since the beginning of the genocidal war on Christian Tigray, Ethiopia on November 4th 2020 the state department repeatedly made such a half-hearted and hollow statement:

There is no military solution to this conflict, and all parties must begin ceasefire negotiations without preconditions.

👉 The exact same statement is made concerning the ongoing Muslim Azerbaijani and Turkish aggression against Christian Armenia:

We’re continuing to urge the parties to engage in the peace process. We urge that a cessation of hostilities be maintained, and we urge the disengagement of military forces and work to resolve all outstanding issues between Armenia and Azerbaijan through peaceful negotiations. Use of force is never an acceptable path, and we are glad that the continued engagement at high levels in Armenia and Azerbaijan has helped the sides reach a ceasefire. We continue to engage and encourage the work needed to reach a lasting peace. Again, there can be no military solution to this.

👉 And on Russia-Ukraine conflict:

The United States will continue our unwavering support for Ukraine as it defends its freedom – for the sake of its own people. Everything we have provided for our Ukrainian partners has had one purpose and only one purpose, and that is to enable to defend their country, to defend their territory, to defend their freedom, to defend their democracy against invading Russian aggressors. This is about equipping our Ukrainian partners with what they need to preserve their sovereignty, their independence, and their territorial integrity as well.

👉 And on Egypt:

“The Biden administration has taken an approach regarding Egypt that reflects the full range of our national interests. When it comes to the visit of President Sisi to Qatar, we welcome the visit and the recent meeting with the emir of Qatar. Both Egypt and Qatar are essential partners of the United States. Both have played an active role in facilitating peace in the region, and we support closer diplomatic, economic, and people-to-people ties between the two countries.”

On Wednesday, 10 people were killed in a second day of air strikes on the country’s Tigray region when twin drone attacks hit a residential neighbourhood in the regional capital of Mekelle.

The attack — the second in two days — came shortly after rebels said they were willing to observe an immediate ceasefire and participate in a peace process led by the African Union after about two years of war.

Mike Hammer, the US special envoy to the Horn of Africa, has been speaking to the Ethiopian government, Tigrayan forces and UN and African Union diplomats on the ground for two weeks.

“We are increasingly concerned by the growing military activity in northern Ethiopia. We strongly condemn the resumption of hostilities,” said Mr Price.

The Ethiopian government said Wednesday it was “committed” to the AU-led peace process.

“These actions are inconsistent with the government of Ethiopia and Tigrayan regional authorities’ stated willingness (for peace talks),” he said.

Both sides have accused the other for the resumption of fighting in late August which shattered a five-month truce that had allowed the delivery of aid.

An untold number of civilians have died, with the US alleging “ethnic cleansing,” since war broke out in late 2020 between the central government and the TPLF, which had ruled Ethiopia for decades until Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took office in 2018.

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Antichrist Turkey’s Economy on The Brink Due to a Currency Crisis

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 8, 2021

💭 Lira crash slams Turkey’s factories, farmers and retailers

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has defended his ‘economic vision,’ even as the lira continues to hover near record lows. The plunge in the value of the currency has left many families struggling to make ends meet. Also in the show – the EU outlines a new trade strategy to give it more leverage against countries that try to coerce the bloc for economic or politican gain.

ELDER PAISIOS’ PROPHECIES ON RUSSIA-TURKEY

The ascetic monk Paisios, who became Saint Paisios by the Holy Synod of the Greek Orthodox Church in January, was known for his prophecies and predictions. One of them was that Istanbul, once the capital of the Byzantine Empire Constantinople, will become Greek again.

Specifically, Paisios wrote: “Events will start that will culminate with us taking back Constantinople. Constantinople will be given to us. There will be war between Russia and Turkey. In the beginning the Turks will believe they are winning, but this will lead to their destruction. The Russians, eventually, will win and take over Constantinople. After that it will be ours. They will be forced to give it to us.”

The text reads further, “(The Turks) will be destroyed. They will be eradicated because they are a nation that was built without God’s blessing. One third of the Turks will go back to where they came from, the depths of Turkey. One third will be saved because they will become Christians, and the other third will be killed in this war.” This is based on the Saint Kosmas prophecy.

Saint Paisios reposed on July 12, 1994. One of the things he wrote was, “I wanted nothing else but God to keep me alive for a few more years so I could see my country expand. And it will expand…”

“Turkey will be dissected. This will be to our benefit as a nation. This way our villages will be liberated, our enslaved homelands. Constantinople will be liberated, will become Greek again. Hagia Sophia will open again,” the text reads.

“Turkey will be dissected in 3 or 4 parts. The countdown has begun. We will take the lands that belong to us, the Armenians will take theirs and the Kurds their own. The Kurdish issue is at the works,” the text continues.

Paisios wrote further: “As long as there is faith and hope in God, a lot of people will rejoice. All that will happen in these years. The time has come.”

Saint Paisios the Athonite was born Arsenios Eznepidis in July 1924, in Farasa Cappadocia. His father was called Prodromos and his mother Evlampia. He had eight siblings. On August 7, 1924, a week before the Greeks of Farasa returned to the homeland, he was baptized by the parish priest, Arsenios, whom the Orthodox Church recognized as a saint. Arsenios insisted and gave him his name “to leave a monk in his place,” as he said.

Five weeks after the boy’s christening, on September 14, 1924, the Eznepidis family, along with other refugees, arrived at Piraeus and then went to Corfu, where they stayed for eighteen months. The family then moved to Igoumenitsa and then to Konitsa where Arsenios finished elementary school and got his diploma with “excellent conduct.” Ever since he was a child, he was writing down the miracles of Saint Arsenios. He had an inclination towards monasticism and wanted to become a monk.

Arsenios went to Mount Athos to become a monk in 1949, right after his discharge from the army. He stayed for one night at the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian in Karyes and then slept in the hermitage of Saint Panteleimon, in the cell of the Virgin Mary, where he met father Cyril, abbot of the monastery, and followed him faithfully. After spending time in various retreats of Mount Athos and Sinai, he moved to Koutloumousio monastery until he became seriously ill and passed away in the summer of 1994.

He was buried in the Holy Monastery of Saint John the Theologian in Souroti, Thessaloniki. Since then, every year on July 11 to July 12, the anniversary of his death, there is a vigil in the Sanctuary Retreat, with thousands of believers attending.

Elder Paisios wrote four books, published by the Holy Monastery Saint John the Theologian: Saint Arsenios the Cappadocian (1991), Elder Hadji-Georgis the Athonite, 1809-1886 (1986), Athonite Fathers and Athonite Matters (1993) and Letters (1994).

Elder Paisios became known for a number of controversial political statements and prophecies. These include the prediction that a war with Turkey will lead to a restoration of a Greater Greece that includes Albania, Macedonia and Byzantium (Istanbul), and the mass conversion of Turks from Islam to Orthodox Christianity. Many Greeks compare Paisios to Nostradamus.

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, News/ዜና, Saints/ቅዱሳን, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

U.S. Envoy to Visit UAE, Turkey, Egypt to Discuss Ethiopia Conflict

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 8, 2021

U.S. Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Jeffrey Feltman will depart on Thursday for the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and Egypt to discuss international support for diplomatic efforts to end the conflict in Ethiopia, State Department spokesperson Ned Price said on Wednesday.

The United States has repeatedly called on parties to the conflict immediately to end hostilities, but fighting has continued between the Ethiopian government and rebel groups, primarily the Tigray People’s Liberation Army.

💭 My Note: Again? For more drones? Curios, these are the countries that supply genocide swarms & assassin drones to the fascist Oromo regime of evil Abiy Ahmed Ali.

Mr. Jeffrey Feltman visited these countries back in August – and last week, he appeared for an interview on the very hateful „unEthiopian„ Washington-based media (ESAT) that set the stage for genocide by spreading hate against Tigray community and now watching a-year-long massacres silently. The daily broadcasts of ESAT played an essential role in the preparation for the genocide and they will soon be accountable.

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Posted in Ethiopia, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

US Asks Americans to Leave Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on November 5, 2021

💭 Spokesperson Ned Price leads the Department Press Briefing, at the Department of State, on November 4, 2021.

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Posted in Ethiopia, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The US: Conflict and Abuses Must End in Ethiopia | በኢትዮጵያ ግጭትና በደል መቆም አለበት | አሜሪካ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 27, 2021

😭 የመቀሌ ጭፍጨፋ ጭስ የፊት ምስሎችን ያሳዩናል፤ የነማን?😭

The US Remains gravely concerned for the whole year?!”

💭 አዎ! ነገር ግን ሙቀቱ ወደ አራት ኪሎ ጠጋ እያለ ሲመጣ፤ አሜሪካ ከአረመኔው ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ ጋር ጡት አጥብታ ያሳደገችውን ሌላውን አረመኔ ወኪሏን ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድን ለማዳን እየተዘጋጀች ነውን?

❖❖❖[ወደ ኤፌሶን ሰዎች ምዕራፍ ፮፥፲፪]❖❖❖

መጋደላችን ከደምና ከሥጋ ጋር አይደለምና፥ ከአለቆችና ከሥልጣናት ጋር ከዚህም ከጨለማ ዓለም ገዦች ጋር በሰማያዊም ስፍራ ካለ ከክፋት መንፈሳውያን ሠራዊት ጋር ነው እንጂ።”

[Ephesians 6:12]

“For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.”

❖❖❖[፩ኛ የዮሐንስ መልእክት ምዕራፍ ፬፥፬]❖❖❖

ልጆች ሆይ፥ እናንተ ከእግዚአብሔር ናችሁ አሸንፋችኋቸውማል፥ በዓለም ካለው ይልቅ በእናንተ ያለው ታላቅ ነውና።”

[1 John 4:4]

“Little children, you are from God and have overcome them, for he who is in you is greater than he who is in the world.”

❖❖❖[ትንቢተ ኢሳይያስ ምዕራፍ ፶፬፥፲፯]❖❖❖

በአንቺ ላይ የተሠራ መሣሪያ ሁሉ አይከናወንም፤ በፍርድም በሚነሣብሽ ምላስ ሁሉ ትፈርጂበታለሽ። የእግዚአብሔር ባሪያዎች ርስት ይህ ነው፥ ጽድቃቸውም ከእኔ ዘንድ ነው፥ ይላል እግዚአብሔር።”

[Isaiah 54:17]

“No weapon that is fashioned against you shall succeed, and you shall confute every tongue that rises against you in judgment. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord and their vindication from me, declares the Lord.”

❖❖❖[ኦሪት ዘዳግም ምዕራፍ ፳፥፬]❖❖❖

ከእናንተ ጋር የሚሄድ፥ ያድናችሁም ዘንድ ጠላቶቻችሁን ስለ እናንተ የሚወጋ አምላካችሁ እግዚአብሔር ነውና።”

[Deuteronomy 20:4]

“For the Lord your God is he who goes with you to fight for you against your enemies, to give you the victory.’”

💭 The United States remains gravely concerned about the ongoing conflict in northern Ethiopia. Reports of an airstrike against the Tigrayan capital of Mekele and continued human rights abuses and atrocities by the Ethiopian National Defense Forces, the Eritrean Defense Forces, Amhara regional and irregular militia forces, the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front and other armed groups are deeply disturbing.

“We condemn all such abuses against civilians in the strongest possible terms and call on all parties to the conflict to respect human rights and comply with their obligations under international humanitarian law,” said State Department spokesperson Ned Price.

He added, “We agree with the UN Secretary-General and African Union leaders: There is no military solution to the conflict in northern Ethiopia, and a durable political solution must be found. We urge the Ethiopian government and the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front to enter at once into negotiations without preconditions toward a sustainable ceasefire.”

The mounting reports of human rights abuses underscore the urgency of independent, transparent and credible international investigations. It is essential that all parties to the conflict allow and facilitate the access necessary for such investigations. We call on the Government of Ethiopia in particular to allow and facilitate such access for all government bodies.

Spokesperson Price said, “We look forward to an update from the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. . .on the human rights situation in Tigray and to the release of the joint investigation report of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights at the earliest possible opportunity. We also urge full cooperation with the Commission of Inquiry of the [African Union] Commission on Human and People’s Rights.”

Establishing transparent, independent mechanisms to hold those responsible for human rights abuses to account is critical for reconciliation and peace in Ethiopia.

Source

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U.S. Warns of Further Action Against Ethiopia, Eritrea Over Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 27, 2021

👉 ገብርኤል 👉 ማርያም 👉 ኡራኤል 👉 ጊዮርጊስ 👉 ተክለ ሐይማኖት 👉 ዮሴፍ 👉 መድኃኔ ዓለም

💭 አሜሪካ በኢትዮጵያ እና በኤርትራ ላይ ስለ ትግራይ ተጨማሪ እርምጃ እንደምትወስድ አስጠነቀች።

ግጭቱን የሚያራምዱት ኃይሎች አካሄዳቸውን ወደ ኋላ መመለስ ካልቻሉ ኢትዮጵያ እና ኤርትራ ተጨማሪ እርምጃዎችን መጠበቅ ይኖርባቸዋል። በትግራይ ብጥብጥ እና ጭካኔ የተሞላበት ሁኔታ እየታየ ‘ንግድ እንደተለመደው’ ሊሆን አይችልም።

Should those stoking the conflict fail to reverse course, Ethiopia and Eritrea should anticipate further actions. It cannot be ‘business-as-usual’ in the face of the violence and atrocities in Tigray,”

A senior U.S. State Department official warned on Thursday that Ethiopia and Eritrea should anticipate further actions from the United States if those stoking the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region fail to reverse course.

Thousands have been killed and about 2 million people forced from their homes in Tigray after conflict erupted between the Tigray People’s Liberation Front and the Ethiopian military in November. Troops from the neighboring Amhara region and the nation of Eritrea entered the war to support the government.

The State Department’s Acting Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs Robert Godec told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that the security situation in Tigray has worsened in recent weeks, adding all armed parties have committed atrocities.

Eritrea’s information minister, Yemane Gebremeskel, and Ethiopian foreign ministry spokesman Dina Mufti did not respond to calls and messages requesting comment.

The Ethiopian government has previously said that the conflict in Tigray is an internal affair; last week it announced that more than 50 soldiers were on trial for rape or killing civilians, although the records are not public. Eritrea has denied any allegations its troops have been involved in atrocities.

Both Ethiopia and Eritrea spent months denying the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray, before announcing two months ago the Eritreans would pull out. On Monday night, both militaries carried out a joint raid on camps for displaced families in the town of Shire, witnesses said. The incident prompted condemnation from the United Nations over the “arbitrary arrests, beatings and other forms of ill-treatment”.

“Should those stoking the conflict fail to reverse course, Ethiopia and Eritrea should anticipate further actions. It cannot be ‘business-as-usual’ in the face of the violence and atrocities in Tigray,” Godec said.

On Sunday, the United States imposed restrictions on economic and security assistance to Ethiopia over alleged human rights abuses during the conflict in Tigray, and said it will bar current or former Ethiopian or Eritrean government officials it deems responsible for the crisis. Eritrea already faces broad restrictions.

Godec said that the United States is looking at a range of other sanctions, including under the Global Magnitsky Act and others targeted at individuals or institutions.

Godec said that while the ethnic conflict in Tigray is the worst in Ethiopia, it is only one, citing attacks on ethnic Amharans, Gumuz and Oromo, as well as other violence.

“The government’s response of mass arrests, media restrictions, human rights violations, and declining political space is fueling inter-communal rivalry and imperiling the national elections now scheduled for June 21,” Godec said.

Source

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U.S. Department of State: Secure a Ceasefire in Tigray | የተኩስ አቁም ስምምነት በትግራይ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 14, 2021

U.S. Department of State: The Atrocities Being Perpetrated in Tigray And The Scale of The Humanitarian Emergency are Unacceptable.

U.S. Concerned About Increasing Political, Ethnic Polarization in Ethiopia

Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Jeffrey Feltman has just completed his first visit to the region as U.S. Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa, traveling to Egypt, Eritrea, Sudan, and Ethiopia from May 4 to 13, 2021.

The Horn of Africa is at an inflection point, and the decisions that are made in the weeks and months ahead will have significant implications for the people of the region as well as for U.S. interests. The United States is committed to addressing the interlinked regional crises and to supporting a prosperous and stable Horn of Africa in which its citizens have a voice in their governance and governments are accountable to their citizens.

A sovereign and united Ethiopia is integral to this vision. Yet we are deeply concerned about increasing political and ethnic polarization throughout the country. The atrocities being perpetrated in Tigray and the scale of the humanitarian emergency are unacceptable. The United States will work with our international allies and partners to secure a ceasefire, end this brutal conflict, provide the life-saving assistance that is so urgently needed, and hold those responsible for human rights abuses and violations accountable. The crisis in Tigray is also symptomatic of a broader set of national challenges that have imperiled meaningful reforms. As Special Envoy Feltman discussed with Prime Minister Abiy and other Ethiopian leaders, these challenges can most effectively be addressed through an inclusive effort to build national consensus on the country’s future that is based on respect for the human and political rights of all Ethiopians. The presence of Eritrean forces in Ethiopia is antithetical to these goals. In Asmara, Special Envoy Feltman underscored to President Isaias Afwerki the imperative that Eritrean troops withdraw from Ethiopia immediately.

The Special Envoy will return to the region in short order to continue an intensive diplomatic effort on behalf of President Biden and Secretary Blinken.

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, Life, News/ዜና | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Sec. Blinken Presses PM Abiy for Immediate, Full & Verifiable Withdrawal of Eritrean Troops From Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 26, 2021

Blinken presses Ethiopia’s Abiy on withdrawal of Eritreans from Tigray — End Hostilities Immediately

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken on Monday pressed Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for troops from Eritrea involved in the Tigray conflict to be withdrawn “immediately, in full, and in a verifiable manner,” according to a statement.

Blinken said Eritrean forces and Amhara regional forces in the Tigray region are contributing to the growing humanitarian disaster and committing human rights abuses, according to a statement by U.S. State Department spokesman Ned Price describing a phone call with Abiy.

“The Secretary also stressed the need for all parties to the conflict to end hostilities immediately,” Price said.

Washington said last week that it had seen no evidence of a troop withdrawal promised by both Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Blinken also expressed concern in the call about the humanitarian and human rights crisis in Ethiopia, including the growing risk of famine in the Tigray region, Price said.

Source

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U.S. Looking into Reports of Massacres in Ethiopia’s Tigray Region -State Dept Spokesman

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 5, 2021

U.S. State Department spokesman Ned Price said on Monday the United States was “gravely concerned” about violence in Ethiopia’s Tigray region and was looking into reports of massacres there.

Price welcomed statements that Eritrean troops would withdraw from Tigray and said a withdrawal would be an important step forward in de-escalation in the region.

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US Congressional Committee Threatens to Take Action Against Ethiopia if Tigray Crisis Continues

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 31, 2021

US Congress Calls for Sanctions Against Ethiopia Over Tigray

💭 አታላዮቹ የአፍሪቃ ቀንድ ወሮበሎች አብዮት አህመድ አሊ እና ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ ዓለምን በማታለል የተካኑና ሌላ  የኖቤል ሽልማት በሲዖል ለመቀበል የሚሹ ዱርየዎች መሆናቸውን የአሜሪካ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አባላት ደርሰውበታል።

💭 ይህን ዜና ያቀበለን የኤሚራቶች ሜዲያ በአሜሪካ ፈቃድ በትግራይ ሕዝብ ላይ የተጠቀሟቸውን ድሮኖች እንድንረሳቸው ለማድረግ እየሞከረ ይመስላል። ግን ኤሚራቶች የሠሩት ወንጀል አይረሳም፤ በዚህም ሆነ በዚያ ተገቢውን ዋጋ በቅርቡ ይከፍሏታል።

👉 የትግራይ ችግር ከቀጠለ የአሜሪካ ምክር ቤት ኮሚቴ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ እርምጃ እንደሚወስድ ዛተ

☆ ከሁለት የአሜሪካ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አባላት የተላከው ደብዳቤ የቢደን አስተዳደር በትግራይ ላይ እርምጃ እንዲወስድ አሳስቧል።

☆ ባለፈው ሳምንት የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዓብይ አህመድ በትግራይ ከመንግስቱ ጎን በመዋጋት ላይ የኤርትራ ወታደሮች መኖራቸውን አምኖ ከክልሉ ለመልቀቅ ቃል የገቡ ሲሆን እስካሁን ግን በዚያ አቅጣጫ እንቅስቃሴ አልተደረገም።

☆ “በዜጎች ላይ የተፈጸሙ ጭካኔዎችን እና ከባድ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ጥሰትን ፣ በጣም በጠነከረ መልክ እናወግዛለን ፣ አስገድዶ መድፈር ፣ ማሰቃየት ፣ በግዳጅ መፈናቀል እና መሰወር ፣ የዘር ማፅዳት ድርጊቶች ፣ ያለፍርድ ግድያ ፣ የህክምና ተቋማትን መዝረፍ እና ማውደም እንዲሁም የእርዳታ እገዳን መገደብ ፣ ሚስተር ሜክስ እና ሚስተር ማኩል በደብዳቤያቸው ላይ ጽፈዋል።

ደብዳቤው አክሎም “የግሎባል ማግኒትስኪ ባለሥልጣናትን እና ሌሎች ኢላማ የሆኑ ማዕቀቦችን ጨምሮ የ” ቢደን ”አስተዳደር ያሉትን ሁሉንም መሳሪያዎች እንዲጠቀም እናሳስባለን።

A letter from two members of the US House of Representatives is urging the Biden administration to take action on Tigray.

☆ Last week, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed admitted to the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray fighting on the side of his government and committed to their withdrawal from the region, but so far there hasn’t been movement in that direction.

☆ “We condemn in the strongest possible terms reported atrocities and gross violations of human rights committed against civilians, including rape, torture, forced displacements and disappearances, acts of ethnic cleansing, extrajudicial killings, the looting and destruction of medical facilities and restricted access to aid,” Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul wrote in their letter.

☆ “We urge the [Biden] administration to utilise all available tools, including Global Magnitsky authorities and other targeted sanctions, to hold parties accountable for their actions and bring an end to this crisis,” the letter added.

Letter floats Magnitsky sanctions among other measures if the situation doesn’t improve

A letter from two members of the US House of Representatives is urging the Biden administration to take action on Tigray.

Congress placed increased pressure on the Biden administration over the pressing humanitarian situation in the Tigray region of Ethiopia this week, urging it to move more forcefully and impose sanctions on the involved parties, including Addis Ababa.

A bipartisan letter from Gregory Meeks, Democratic chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and ranking Republican member Michael McCaul was dispatched on Tuesday evening to US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and Secretary of Treasury Janet Yellen calling for sanctions on those fuelling the fighting in Tigray.

Ongoing fighting since November between Ethiopian troops and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front has left more than 50,000 dead and has displaced hundreds of thousands, according to Ethiopia’s three opposition parties.

The UN estimated on Tuesday that 2.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, while human rights organisations have reported mass atrocities, incidents of rape and extrajudicial killings.

Last week, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed admitted to the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray fighting on the side of his government and committed to their withdrawal from the region, but so far there hasn’t been movement in that direction.

Congress is urging the Biden administration to do more in its bid to end the fighting.

“We condemn in the strongest possible terms reported atrocities and gross violations of human rights committed against civilians, including rape, torture, forced displacements and disappearances, acts of ethnic cleansing, extrajudicial killings, the looting and destruction of medical facilities and restricted access to aid,” Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul wrote in their letter.

“We urge the [Biden] administration to utilise all available tools, including Global Magnitsky authorities and other targeted sanctions, to hold parties accountable for their actions and bring an end to this crisis,” the letter added.

The Magnitsky sanctions can be used to punish human rights abuses in accordance with the Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act passed by Congress in 2012.

The letter implicates all sides in such abuses and stresses that “additional targeted accountability measures cannot wait”.

It also threatens problems for the future of US-Ethiopia bilateral relations if the situation does not improve.

“While we remain committed to the important bilateral relationship between the United States and Ethiopia, this conflict jeopardises shared political, economic and security priorities,” the two representatives wrote.

The Biden administration delinked in February a suspension of $272 million in aid to Ethiopia for the Nile dam crisis and tied it instead to current “developments”, including the Tigray conflict.

Mr Blinken described the situation in Tigray as “ethnic cleansing” speaking to Congress in March, and on Tuesday he referenced sexual assaults and continued killings in the region.

“The report we’re releasing today shows that the trend lines on human rights continue to move in the wrong direction … We see it in the killings, sexual assaults and other atrocities credibly reported in Ethiopia’s Tigray region,” Mr Blinken said during the launch of the State Department’s annual human rights report.

Cameron Hudson, a senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Africa Centre, argued that Washington is following a gradual approach in ratcheting up the pressure on Ethiopia.

“We [the US] have already suspended our development assistance and our security assistance. Those moves seem to have very little impact in changing [Addis Ababa’s] approach to the conflict in Tigray. The next level of pressure is clearly going to be direct punitive measures,” Mr Hudson told The National.

The letter, addressed to Mr Blinken and copied to Ms Yellen, is an indication of potential sanctions by the departments of State and Treasury.

“This likely will translate into sanctions unless Washington starts to see greater movement on the key issues it is asking for changes on, namely the withdrawal of Eritrean and Amhara forces, the launch of the international human rights investigation, unhindered humanitarian access and some sort of domestic political dialogue,” Mr Hudson said.

On the role of Treasury specifically, Mr Hudson, saw the possibility of the US delaying or denying third party aid to Ethiopia.

“The Treasury does two big things that affect US policy on Ethiopia: It administers US sanctions and it controls the US vote at the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) … The US has leverage in denying or delaying Ethiopia multilateral financing and assistance and not just bilateral assistance.”

In its report on Tuesday, the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said 2.2 million people are in need of aid and “approximately 1.3 million children need protective services and safe education­ in Tigray and neighbouring areas”.

The body expressed concern over reports of violations of human rights and rape in the Tigray region.

“There are more than 500 self-reported rape cases so far,” it said.

Source

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