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Posts Tagged ‘Sanction’

U.S. Warns of Further Action Against Ethiopia, Eritrea Over Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 27, 2021

👉 ገብርኤል 👉 ማርያም 👉 ኡራኤል 👉 ጊዮርጊስ 👉 ተክለ ሐይማኖት 👉 ዮሴፍ 👉 መድኃኔ ዓለም

💭 አሜሪካ በኢትዮጵያ እና በኤርትራ ላይ ስለ ትግራይ ተጨማሪ እርምጃ እንደምትወስድ አስጠነቀች።

ግጭቱን የሚያራምዱት ኃይሎች አካሄዳቸውን ወደ ኋላ መመለስ ካልቻሉ ኢትዮጵያ እና ኤርትራ ተጨማሪ እርምጃዎችን መጠበቅ ይኖርባቸዋል። በትግራይ ብጥብጥ እና ጭካኔ የተሞላበት ሁኔታ እየታየ ‘ንግድ እንደተለመደው’ ሊሆን አይችልም።

Should those stoking the conflict fail to reverse course, Ethiopia and Eritrea should anticipate further actions. It cannot be ‘business-as-usual’ in the face of the violence and atrocities in Tigray,”

A senior U.S. State Department official warned on Thursday that Ethiopia and Eritrea should anticipate further actions from the United States if those stoking the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region fail to reverse course.

Thousands have been killed and about 2 million people forced from their homes in Tigray after conflict erupted between the Tigray People’s Liberation Front and the Ethiopian military in November. Troops from the neighboring Amhara region and the nation of Eritrea entered the war to support the government.

The State Department’s Acting Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs Robert Godec told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that the security situation in Tigray has worsened in recent weeks, adding all armed parties have committed atrocities.

Eritrea’s information minister, Yemane Gebremeskel, and Ethiopian foreign ministry spokesman Dina Mufti did not respond to calls and messages requesting comment.

The Ethiopian government has previously said that the conflict in Tigray is an internal affair; last week it announced that more than 50 soldiers were on trial for rape or killing civilians, although the records are not public. Eritrea has denied any allegations its troops have been involved in atrocities.

Both Ethiopia and Eritrea spent months denying the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray, before announcing two months ago the Eritreans would pull out. On Monday night, both militaries carried out a joint raid on camps for displaced families in the town of Shire, witnesses said. The incident prompted condemnation from the United Nations over the “arbitrary arrests, beatings and other forms of ill-treatment”.

“Should those stoking the conflict fail to reverse course, Ethiopia and Eritrea should anticipate further actions. It cannot be ‘business-as-usual’ in the face of the violence and atrocities in Tigray,” Godec said.

On Sunday, the United States imposed restrictions on economic and security assistance to Ethiopia over alleged human rights abuses during the conflict in Tigray, and said it will bar current or former Ethiopian or Eritrean government officials it deems responsible for the crisis. Eritrea already faces broad restrictions.

Godec said that the United States is looking at a range of other sanctions, including under the Global Magnitsky Act and others targeted at individuals or institutions.

Godec said that while the ethnic conflict in Tigray is the worst in Ethiopia, it is only one, citing attacks on ethnic Amharans, Gumuz and Oromo, as well as other violence.

“The government’s response of mass arrests, media restrictions, human rights violations, and declining political space is fueling inter-communal rivalry and imperiling the national elections now scheduled for June 21,” Godec said.

Source

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Tigrayans Told, ‘We’ll See if America Will Save You Now,’ as Hundreds Rounded up by Ethiopian & Eritrean Soldiers

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 26, 2021

Days after the United States announced financial sanctions and visa restrictions on Ethiopian and Eritrean officials, eyewitnesses told CNN that hundreds of young men were rounded up from displaced peoples camps in Shire, a town in Tigray, late Monday evening.

Witnesses speaking to CNN on condition of anonymity described how Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers invaded at least two IDP centers where they beat and harassed Tigrayans displaced by a conflict that is believed to have killed thousands of civilians since November 2020. The soldiers then took hundreds of people away, the witnesses said

Four military vehicles first encircled the Adi Wenfito and Tsehay camps, witnesses said, before soldiers began rounding up young men, forcing them onto buses and taking them to a location believed to be on the outskirts of Shire. As the soldiers broke into an abandoned school housing the refugees, witnesses said they shouted, “we’ll see if America will save you now!”

“They forced open the door, the men didn’t even get a chance to put their shoes on. The soldiers had their guns locked, [ready to shoot],” one witness said.

One woman said two of her sons — aged 19 and 24 — were dragged from their home at around 9:30 p.m. that night. “They didn’t say why they were taking them, they just rounded them up, beat them and took them away,” she told CNN, adding that she was too afraid of what would be done to her sons to ask any questions.

Several of the men who were rounded up were released late afternoon on Tuesday, after they identified themselves as aid workers. They told CNN hundreds of young men continue to be detained at the Guna distribution center, an aid and foodstuff storage facility which has now been converted into a military camp.

One man described hours of beatings by Eritrean and Ethiopian soldiers. “Many of us are young but there are people there who are much older who won’t be able to withstand the beatings much longer,” he said.

Eritrean Information Minister Yemane Ghebremeskel denied the reports and dismissed previous CNN reporting, saying, “For how long will you continue to believe at face value any and all ‘witness statements’ … We have heard so many planted or false stories.”

The UN’s high commissioner for human rights previously called for an independent investigation into human rights violations in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, following CNN reporting on a massacre perpetrated against civilians there.

Elisabeth Haslund, spokesperson for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the agency that works with displaced people, told CNN, “we have also received very disturbing reports that Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers entered IDP sites taking a number of youths into several vehicles. The reports of how many vary from a few hundred up to 700 youths.”

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) released a statement on Wednesday that corroborated the eyewitnesses accounts given to CNN. “On Monday night, scores of people were forcibly taken by military from camps where internally displaced people are seeking refuge in Shire,” MSF East Africa tweeted.

200 days of violence

The conflict in Tigray has now raged for over 200 days pitting Tigray’s regional leaders, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), against the Ethiopian National Defense Force, Eritrean soldiers and Amhara ethnic militia. From the start of the conflict last year civilians have been targeted by Ethiopian government forces and allied Eritrean and militia forces.

This latest incident, however, is a significant escalation in what is described by humanitarian workers and witnesses in Shire as an ongoing, extrajudicial campaign targeting young men perceived to be of “fighting age.”

Aid agencies estimate the town of Shire has tripled in size, hosting up to 800,000 Tigrayans forced out of their homes in the far west of the region in actions by Ethiopian, Eritrean and Amhara ethnic militia forces described by US Secretary of State Antony Blinken as “ethnic cleansing.”

Humanitarian workers told CNN Eritrean and Ethiopian soldiers have been blocking a key aid route to Shire for months, restricting supplies even as displaced persons continue to flow into the town.

One aid worker told CNN tens of vehicles carrying aid to Shire were turned back on Saturday alone. A CNN team in the region in April was able to capture on camera Eritrean soldiers obstructing aid along this route.

CNN has reached out to the Ethiopian Prime Minister’s Office and the Eritrean Minister for Information for comment but has not received a response.

US sanctions

The United States late Sunday evening announced “far reaching” financial sanctions and visa restrictions against Ethiopian, Eritrean, Amhara and TPLF officials it finds to be “complicit” in abuses or obstructing the resolution of the crisis. A State Department spokesperson told CNN the sanctions would be enforced as a “unilateral action” by the US. CNN has sought comment from the State Department on the latest reports from Shire.

In a statement the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs dismissed the US sanctions. Many witnesses see this latest uptick in violence as a statement of defiance in the face of growing international censure.

In videos sent to CNN on Tuesday morning, which were secretly filmed, desperate parents can be seen gathering in the compound of the local UNHCR office. In one video Ethiopian soldiers can be seen addressing the parents inside the compound.

CNN was able to geolocate the videos to a location in the center of Shire by examining the metadata in the raw files and matching key landmarks in the footage to the surroundings, such as the Kholafaa e Rashedeen mosque. The metadata also revealed the date and time the videos were filmed — May 25, 2021 at around 7:45am local time — which fits with the direction of the sunlight and the lengths of the shadows in the video, a CNN analysis shows. One of the videos also features an UNHCR logo supporting the accounts.

The audio in the video is indistinct but witnesses say parents were told: “We could kill you right here and the UN would do nothing to help but take pictures of you.”

Source

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

የትግራይ እናቶች በእንባ የታጀበ ጸሎት እና ምሕላ | Tears of a Tigrayan Mother’s Cry

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 26, 2021

✞✞✞መቀሌ/ ማክሰኞ፡ ግንቦት ፲፯/፪ሺ፲፫ ዓ.ም በቅዱስ እስጢፋኖስ ዕለት ✞✞✞

አዎ! እናቶቼ እየደረሰባቸው ላለው ከባድ ግፍ የሽብር ጥቃት ቦምብ እያፈነዱ አይደለም እንደ አህዛብ በግራኝ እና መንጋው ላይ ለመበቀል የሚመኙት፤ በቀል የእግዚአብሔር ነውና እንዲህ በጥልቁ እያነቡ ነው ድምጻቸውንና ለቅሷቸውን ለእግዚአብሔርላካቸው የሚያሰሙት። ቃኤላውያን ወዮላችሁ! ወዮላችሁ!

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Will US Restrictions Bring an End to Tigray Violence | Al Jazeera

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 26, 2021

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

US Congress Pushes Biden Administration to Enact Sanctions over Tigray Conflict

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 13, 2021

Congressional leaders have called for sanctions to be put in place to pressure Ethiopian and Eritrean forces to withdraw from Tigray.

US congressmen specifically hammered Ethiopia and Eritrea for failing to live up to their March agreement to remove Eritrean forces from Tigray.

The US Congress is pressuring the Biden administration to place sanctions on human rights abusers in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, pointing to the continued failure of Ethiopian and Eritrean forces to withdraw from the region.

“We understand that the Biden administration is reviewing all options, but nothing has been announced or finalised, which is why we are pushing them on this,” a congressional aide told The National on Wednesday. “It has been over six months since the conflict started.”

The Democratic chairman and top Republican on the House Foreign Affairs Committee – Gregory Meeks of New York and Mike McCaul of Texas – are leading the bipartisan push to convince the Biden administration to use its authorities under the Global Magnitsky Act to levy sanctions on those violating human rights in the Tigray conflict.

“The administration has ample authority from Congress to impose sanctions and other means of financial pressure – they just need to do it,” said the congressional staffer.

Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul doubled down on the issue earlier this week with a joint statement urging the Biden administration to “use all available tools, including sanctions and other restrictive measures, to hold all perpetrators accountable and bring an end to this conflict”.

They specifically hammered Ethiopia and Eritrea for failing to live up to their March agreement to remove Eritrean forces from Tigray.

“We are deeply concerned by the failure of the government of Ethiopia and the government of the state of Eritrea to honour their public commitments to withdraw Eritrean forces from Ethiopia,” they said in the statement. “The continued presence of Eritrean forces, who have been credibly implicated in gross violations of human rights in Tigray, is a major impediment to resolving this conflict.”

The congressmen referred to “mounting reports of atrocities against civilians, including sexual and gender-based violence, at the hands of Ethiopian and Eritrean forces and other armed groups”.

Jeffrey Feltman, the US envoy for the Horn of Africa, is in the region this week to mediate the Tigray crisis as well as Ethiopia’s dispute with Sudan and Egypt over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who has said that “ethnic cleansing” is taking place in Tigray, personally called on Ethiopian and Eritrean forces to withdraw from the region during a phone call with Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed earlier this month.

The State Department did not reply to The National’s repeated requests for comment on its Tigray sanctions review.

Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul first raised the prospect of sanctions over the Tigrayconflict in a letter to Mr Blinken in March.

“We urge the administration to utilise all available tools, including Global Magnitsky authorities and other targeted sanctions, to hold parties accountable for their actions to bring an end to this crisis,” the congressmen wrote at the time.

Source

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

US Congressional Committee Threatens to Take Action Against Ethiopia if Tigray Crisis Continues

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 31, 2021

US Congress Calls for Sanctions Against Ethiopia Over Tigray

💭 አታላዮቹ የአፍሪቃ ቀንድ ወሮበሎች አብዮት አህመድ አሊ እና ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ ዓለምን በማታለል የተካኑና ሌላ  የኖቤል ሽልማት በሲዖል ለመቀበል የሚሹ ዱርየዎች መሆናቸውን የአሜሪካ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አባላት ደርሰውበታል።

💭 ይህን ዜና ያቀበለን የኤሚራቶች ሜዲያ በአሜሪካ ፈቃድ በትግራይ ሕዝብ ላይ የተጠቀሟቸውን ድሮኖች እንድንረሳቸው ለማድረግ እየሞከረ ይመስላል። ግን ኤሚራቶች የሠሩት ወንጀል አይረሳም፤ በዚህም ሆነ በዚያ ተገቢውን ዋጋ በቅርቡ ይከፍሏታል።

👉 የትግራይ ችግር ከቀጠለ የአሜሪካ ምክር ቤት ኮሚቴ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ እርምጃ እንደሚወስድ ዛተ

☆ ከሁለት የአሜሪካ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አባላት የተላከው ደብዳቤ የቢደን አስተዳደር በትግራይ ላይ እርምጃ እንዲወስድ አሳስቧል።

☆ ባለፈው ሳምንት የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዓብይ አህመድ በትግራይ ከመንግስቱ ጎን በመዋጋት ላይ የኤርትራ ወታደሮች መኖራቸውን አምኖ ከክልሉ ለመልቀቅ ቃል የገቡ ሲሆን እስካሁን ግን በዚያ አቅጣጫ እንቅስቃሴ አልተደረገም።

☆ “በዜጎች ላይ የተፈጸሙ ጭካኔዎችን እና ከባድ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ጥሰትን ፣ በጣም በጠነከረ መልክ እናወግዛለን ፣ አስገድዶ መድፈር ፣ ማሰቃየት ፣ በግዳጅ መፈናቀል እና መሰወር ፣ የዘር ማፅዳት ድርጊቶች ፣ ያለፍርድ ግድያ ፣ የህክምና ተቋማትን መዝረፍ እና ማውደም እንዲሁም የእርዳታ እገዳን መገደብ ፣ ሚስተር ሜክስ እና ሚስተር ማኩል በደብዳቤያቸው ላይ ጽፈዋል።

ደብዳቤው አክሎም “የግሎባል ማግኒትስኪ ባለሥልጣናትን እና ሌሎች ኢላማ የሆኑ ማዕቀቦችን ጨምሮ የ” ቢደን ”አስተዳደር ያሉትን ሁሉንም መሳሪያዎች እንዲጠቀም እናሳስባለን።

A letter from two members of the US House of Representatives is urging the Biden administration to take action on Tigray.

☆ Last week, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed admitted to the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray fighting on the side of his government and committed to their withdrawal from the region, but so far there hasn’t been movement in that direction.

☆ “We condemn in the strongest possible terms reported atrocities and gross violations of human rights committed against civilians, including rape, torture, forced displacements and disappearances, acts of ethnic cleansing, extrajudicial killings, the looting and destruction of medical facilities and restricted access to aid,” Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul wrote in their letter.

☆ “We urge the [Biden] administration to utilise all available tools, including Global Magnitsky authorities and other targeted sanctions, to hold parties accountable for their actions and bring an end to this crisis,” the letter added.

Letter floats Magnitsky sanctions among other measures if the situation doesn’t improve

A letter from two members of the US House of Representatives is urging the Biden administration to take action on Tigray.

Congress placed increased pressure on the Biden administration over the pressing humanitarian situation in the Tigray region of Ethiopia this week, urging it to move more forcefully and impose sanctions on the involved parties, including Addis Ababa.

A bipartisan letter from Gregory Meeks, Democratic chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and ranking Republican member Michael McCaul was dispatched on Tuesday evening to US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and Secretary of Treasury Janet Yellen calling for sanctions on those fuelling the fighting in Tigray.

Ongoing fighting since November between Ethiopian troops and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front has left more than 50,000 dead and has displaced hundreds of thousands, according to Ethiopia’s three opposition parties.

The UN estimated on Tuesday that 2.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, while human rights organisations have reported mass atrocities, incidents of rape and extrajudicial killings.

Last week, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed admitted to the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray fighting on the side of his government and committed to their withdrawal from the region, but so far there hasn’t been movement in that direction.

Congress is urging the Biden administration to do more in its bid to end the fighting.

“We condemn in the strongest possible terms reported atrocities and gross violations of human rights committed against civilians, including rape, torture, forced displacements and disappearances, acts of ethnic cleansing, extrajudicial killings, the looting and destruction of medical facilities and restricted access to aid,” Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul wrote in their letter.

“We urge the [Biden] administration to utilise all available tools, including Global Magnitsky authorities and other targeted sanctions, to hold parties accountable for their actions and bring an end to this crisis,” the letter added.

The Magnitsky sanctions can be used to punish human rights abuses in accordance with the Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act passed by Congress in 2012.

The letter implicates all sides in such abuses and stresses that “additional targeted accountability measures cannot wait”.

It also threatens problems for the future of US-Ethiopia bilateral relations if the situation does not improve.

“While we remain committed to the important bilateral relationship between the United States and Ethiopia, this conflict jeopardises shared political, economic and security priorities,” the two representatives wrote.

The Biden administration delinked in February a suspension of $272 million in aid to Ethiopia for the Nile dam crisis and tied it instead to current “developments”, including the Tigray conflict.

Mr Blinken described the situation in Tigray as “ethnic cleansing” speaking to Congress in March, and on Tuesday he referenced sexual assaults and continued killings in the region.

“The report we’re releasing today shows that the trend lines on human rights continue to move in the wrong direction … We see it in the killings, sexual assaults and other atrocities credibly reported in Ethiopia’s Tigray region,” Mr Blinken said during the launch of the State Department’s annual human rights report.

Cameron Hudson, a senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Africa Centre, argued that Washington is following a gradual approach in ratcheting up the pressure on Ethiopia.

“We [the US] have already suspended our development assistance and our security assistance. Those moves seem to have very little impact in changing [Addis Ababa’s] approach to the conflict in Tigray. The next level of pressure is clearly going to be direct punitive measures,” Mr Hudson told The National.

The letter, addressed to Mr Blinken and copied to Ms Yellen, is an indication of potential sanctions by the departments of State and Treasury.

“This likely will translate into sanctions unless Washington starts to see greater movement on the key issues it is asking for changes on, namely the withdrawal of Eritrean and Amhara forces, the launch of the international human rights investigation, unhindered humanitarian access and some sort of domestic political dialogue,” Mr Hudson said.

On the role of Treasury specifically, Mr Hudson, saw the possibility of the US delaying or denying third party aid to Ethiopia.

“The Treasury does two big things that affect US policy on Ethiopia: It administers US sanctions and it controls the US vote at the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) … The US has leverage in denying or delaying Ethiopia multilateral financing and assistance and not just bilateral assistance.”

In its report on Tuesday, the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said 2.2 million people are in need of aid and “approximately 1.3 million children need protective services and safe education­ in Tigray and neighbouring areas”.

The body expressed concern over reports of violations of human rights and rape in the Tigray region.

“There are more than 500 self-reported rape cases so far,” it said.

Source

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