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Posts Tagged ‘Pogrom’

Russia’s New Cathedral of Russian Armed Forces Removed Josef Stalin’s Mosaic

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 12, 2022

አዲሱ የሩሲያ ጦር ኃይሎች ካቴድራል የጆሴፍ ስታሊን ሞዛይክን አስወገደ። በሌላ በኩል ግን የስታሊን ርዝራዦች ታሪክን ከልሰው በመጻፍ ጨፍጫፊውን ስታሊንን በድጋሚ በማምለክ ላይ እና የቀድሞዋ ሶቪየት ኅብረት ሐውልቶችን ከማፍረስ ርቀው ለስታሊን አዲስ ሐውልቶችን በተለያዩ ከተሞች በማቆም ላይ ናቸው።

በቀጣዩ ግሩም ጽሁፍ አትኩሮቴን የሳቡት፤ ‘ታሪክ ከላሾች’ ለአምልኮ ስታሊን የሚሰጧቸውን ሰበባ ሰበቦች የያዙት ቃላት ናቸው፤ ጽሁፉ እንዲህ ይላል፦

Stalin is portrayed as a strong and just leader who often intervened on behalf of the “common people” and even saved them from injustice. In one such post (link in Russian) the author describes how Stalin stepped in to help the starving peasants.

“ስታሊን ብዙ ጊዜ “ተራውን ሕዝብ” ወክሎ ጣልቃ የገባ እና ከግፍ ያዳነው እንደ ጠንካራ እና ፍትሃዊ መሪ ሆኖ ነው የሚቀርበው። በእንደዚህ ዓይነት ልጥፍ (በሩሲያኛ አገናኝ) ታሪክ ከላሹ ደራሲ ስታሊን የተራቡትን ገበሬዎች ለመርዳት እንዴት እንደገባ ይገልፃል።”

ቴዲ ‘ርዕዮት’ ከሕወሓት አባሉ ከ አቶ ቢንያም ተወልድ ጋር ባደረገው ቃለ ምልልስ ላይ አቶ ተወልደ፤ “ሕወሓት ለተራበው ገበሬ ምግብ ስለሚያደርስ በተራው ሕዝብ ዘንድ ተወዳጅ ነው።” የሚለው ዓረፍተ ነገር ከዚህ ከስታሊናውያን ታሪክ ከላሾች ቅስቀሳ ጋር ነው ያያዝኩት። (ቪዲዮው ላይ ከ 58:40 ደቂቃ ላይ ይሰማል) በ ‘TDF’ ፈንታ ‘ሕወሓት’ ማለቱን እናስምርበት።

ታዲያ ወዲያው እራሴን የጠየቅኩት፤ ሕወሓት ከፋሺስቱ ኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ጋር ረሃብን እንደ መሳሪያ/ ጦር መሳሪያ እየተጠቀመበት ነውን?” የሚለውን ጥያቄ ነው። ታዲያ ሕወሓቶች አሁን የምግብ እርዳታውን ለምርጫ ወይም ለሬፈረንደም ይገለገሉበት ይሆን? ከፍተኛ ችግር እና ሰቆቃ ላይ ስላለ አማራጭ ያጣውን ሕዝብ ትግራይ እንድትገነጠል ድምጽህን ስጥ፣ ይህን የሉሲፈርን/ቻይናን ባንዲራ አውለብልብ፣ ከዓብያተ ክርስቲያናቱ እና ገዳማቱ ላይ ጽዮናዊውን የኢትዮጳያ አረንጓዴ ቢጫ ቀይ ቀለማት የምትቀይሯቸው ከሆነ ብቻ ነው ምግብና መድኃኒት የምንሰጣችሁወዘተበማለት ስታሊናዊ/አልባኒያዊ ሕልማቸውን በሥራ ላይ ያውሉት ይሆንን?

🔥 “ችግር – ምላሽ – መፍትሔ / “Problem – Reaction – Solution”🔥

ችግሩን (ጦርነት + ረሃብ + በሽታ) ፈጥረውብናል፤ ለዓመት ያህል በባንዲራ እያጀቡ ህሉንም ነገር አስተዋውቀዋል፤ አሁን ምላሽ እየሰጡ ነው፤ መፍትሔው፤ “የክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚውን ተቀበሉ፤ ሃይማኖቱን፣ ባሕሉን፣ ቋንቋውን፣ ኤኮኖሚውን፣ ምግቡን፣ ክትባቱን ወዘተ

💭እስላማዊቷን የኦሮሚያ ኤሚራት ለመመስረት የትግራይ ሕዝብ መስዋዕት እንዲከፍል እየተደረገ ነውን?

ግራኝ አህመድና ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን ደሙን ለዋቄዮአላህሉሲፈር እያስገበሩት ነውን?

ላለፉት መቶ ሠላሳ ዓመታት እነዚህ መናፍቃን እና የኦሮሙማው ዘንዶ ተልዕኮ ተዋሕዶ ክርስቲያን ሰሜኑን በደረጃ አዳክሞ ማጥፋት እንደሆነ ዛሬ ብዙዎች እየገባቸው መጥቷል የሚል እምነት አለኝ። በተለይ በኤርትራ ተጋሩዎች ላይ የፈጸሙትን ዓይነት ኢትዮጵያን የመንጠቂያ ዘይቤ በትግራይ ተጋሩዎች ላይ በተለይ ባለፉት አሥር ወራት በመጠቀም ላይ ናቸው። የአህዛብ መናፍቃኑ ዋና ሉሲፈራዊ የጥቃት ዓላማ፤ ተጋሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን በሂደት ከኢትዮጵያዊነታቸው፣ ከሰንደቃቸው እና ከግዕዝ ቋንቋቸው እንዲነጠሉ ማድረግ፤ ይህ ከተሳካላቸው ተዋሕዶ ሃይማኖታቸውን በጨረር፣ በኬሚካል፣ በተበከሉ የእርዳታ ምግቦችና በሜዲያ ቅስቀሳዎች በቀላሉ እንዲተው ማድረግ ይቻላል የሚል እምነት አላቸው። በኤርትራም ላለፉት ሰላሳ ዓመታት የታየው ይህ ነው(ከምኒልክ ዲያብሎሳዊ ወንድማማቾችን የመከፋፈል ሤራ እስከ ኃይለ ሥላሴ የእንግሊዝ ተዋጊ አውሮፕላኖች ቦምብ ድብደባ እና ረሃብ እስከ ትግራይ እንዲሁም የአሜሪካ ቃኛው ጣቢያ በኤርትራ፣ የመንገስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም እና ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ ሤራ ድረስ)። በዛሬዋ ኤርትራ ከመቶ ሰላሳ ዓመታት በፊት የተከሉትን ችግኝ ዛሬ ጎንደር አካባቢ በሰፈሩ መናፍቃን ኦሮማራዎች አማካኝነት ወደ ትግራይ በማስገባት ላይ ናቸው። ጣልያኖች እኮ ያኔ፤ “አንገዛም ባሉት ሀበሾች ዘንድ ለሺህ ዓመት የሚቆይ መርዛማ ችግኝ ተክለናል” ብለው ነበር። ይህን ነው ዛሬ እያየነው ያለነው!

👉 ከዚህም በመነሳት ከዋቄዮአላህሉሲፈር የአህዛብ ባዕድ አምልኮ ጋር በቀጥታ የተያያዙትና ለዚህም ተጠያቂ የሆኑት አራቱ ትውልዶች እነዚህ ናቸው፦

፬ኛ. የሻዕቢያ/ህወሓት/የኢሕአዴግ/ኦነግ/ብልጽግና/ኢዜማ/አብን ትውልድ

፫ኛ. የደርግ መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም ትውልድ

፪ኛ. የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ ትውልድ

፩ኛ. የአፄ ምኒልክ/አቴቴ ጣይቱ ትውልድ

ናቸው።

/ 90% በሆነ እርግጠኛነት፤ በእነ ዶ/ር ደብረጽዮን የሚመራውና ዋቄዮአላህሉሲፈርን ለማንገስ በመሥራት ላይ ያለው የሕወሓት አንጃ (የምንሊክ አራተኛ ትውልድ) ይህን የዘር ማጥፋት ጦርነት ከግራኝ ኦሮሞዎች ጋር ሆኖ ጀምሮታል። ይህ ከመቶ ሃምሳ ዓመት በፊት ልክ አፄ ምንሊክ እንደነገሱ የረቀቀና ከ ሃምሳ ዓመታት በፊት ዛሬ በምናየው መልክ በሥራ ላይ መዋል የጀመረ ዕቅድ ነው።

👉 ቅደም ተከተሉ በከፊል፤

ሕወሓት አዲስ አበባን እንዲቆጣጠር ተደርጎ ፬ኛው የምንሊክ አገዛዝ በኢህአዴግ ሥር ተቋቋመ

ሕወሓቶች ከሃያ ሰባት ዓመታት በኋላ ሥልጣኑን ለኦሮሞዎች እንዲያስረክቡ ፈረሙ። የባድሜ እና የዛሬው ጽዮናውያንን የማጥፊያና ማዳከሚያ ጦርነት ዕቅድም የተጠነሰሰው በዚህ ወቅት ነበር። ተፈራርመዋል። ዛሬ ለእነ አቡነ መርቆርዮስ፣ ዮሐንስ ቧ ያለው፣ ዳንኤል ክብረት፣ እስክንድር ነጋ፣ ሄርሜላ አረጋዊ እና ሌሎችም እባቡ ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ ሰነዱን አሳይቷቸው ይሆን? ይመስለኛል!

ብዙም ሳይቆይ ኦነግ ለስልት ሲባል ከአገዛዙ ለቅቆ እንዲወጣና ወደ ኤርትራ እንዲሄድ ተደረገ (ልብ እንበል፤ ሁሉም ወደ ኬኒያ ሶማሊያ ወይንም ሱዳን ሳይሆን ወደ ጽዮናውያኑ ኤርትራውያን ነው የተላኩት፤ ኦነግ፣ ግንቦት9፣ ፋኖ ወዘተ ጽዮናውያን የኢትዮጵያ ባለቤቶች ስለሆኑ)

ከስህተታቸው የተማሩት እንደ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ያሉ የ ኢትዮጵያ አቀንቃኞችእንዲገደሉ ተደረገ

ደቡባዊው ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ተመረጠ፤ ጊዜው ሲደርስ ሕወሓት ስልጣኑን ሙሉ በሙሉ ለኦሮሞዎች አስረክቦ ወደ መቐለ እንዲመለስ በእነ ፕሬዚደንት ዶናልድ ትራምፕ (አምባሳደር ያማሞቶ) ታዘዘ። የቀድሞው የናይጄሪያ ፕሬዚደንት ኦሉሴጎን ኦባሳንጆ በኢትዮጵያ የሰፋፊ የእርሻ መሬት ተሰጣቸው። ዳንጎቴ የተባለውም ሙስሊም የናይጄሪያ ባለሃብት በኢትዮጵያ ፋብሪካዎችን እንዲከፍት ተደረገ።

ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ በሰዶማውያኑ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር እንዲሆን ተደረገ። ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ እና ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን በአክሱምና በናዝሬት ተገናኙ፤ እነ አባዱላ ገመዳ ወደ መቐለ ሄዱ፤ በማግስቱ እነ ጄነራል ሰዓረ፣ ጄነራል አሳምነው፣ ዶ/ር አምባቸውና ሌሎችም የጦርነት ተቀናቃኞች ተገደሉ።

ሙቀታቸውን ለመለካት እንደ አቶ ስዩም መስፍን በተለያዩ ሜዲያዎች እየወጡ ቃለ መጠይቅ እንዲሰጡ ተደረጉ። እነ ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን እና አቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ ለቃለ መጠይቅ በሜዲያዎች የቀርቡበት ጊዜ ይኖራልን? ንግግሮችን አሰምተዋል እንጂ ከጋዜጠኞች ጋር ቃለ ምልልስ ሲያደርጉ አላየሁም። ልክ ዛሬ ግራኝ በጭራሽ ቃለ ምልልስ እንድያደርግ በሲ.አይ.ኤ ሞግዚቶቹ እንደተመከረው።

ጦርነቱ ሊጀምር ወራት ሲቀሩት የትግራይን ሕዝብ ሙቀት ለመለካት፤ የግዕዝ ቋንቋ በትምሕርት ቤት በመደበኛነት እንዲሰጥ ታዘዘ፣ ፈንቅል የተባለ እንቅስቃሴ ተጀመረ፣ ምርጫ ተካሄደ።

በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ጦርነቱ ተጀመረ፤ ለጦርነቱ የተዘጋጁት የኤሚራቶች ድሮኖች አሰብ እንደሚገኙ ሁሉም ያውቁ ነበር። እንኳንስ እነርሱ እኛም እናውቅ ነበር።

በጦርነቱ መኻል ልክ እንደ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር መለስ ዜናዊ፤ “ትግራይ ለመገንጠል ብትገደድ እንኳን የኢትዮጵያን ስም እንዲሁም ሰንደቋን ይዛ ነው የምትገነጠለው ብለው ያምኑ የነበሩት ጽዮናውያን ተጋሩዎች እነ አቶ ስዩም መስፍን፣ አቦይ ፀሐዬ፣ ሕወሓትን በመቃወም የሚታወቁትና “ፈንቅል” በመባል የሚታወቀውን የተቃውሞ እንቅስቃሴ በሊቀመንበርነት ሲመሩ የነበሩት አቶ የማነ ንጉሥ፣ የትግራይ ቴሌቪዥን ጋዜጠኛ ዳዊት ከበደና ጓደኛው እንዲሁም ሌሎች ተገደሉ። የትግራይን እናቶች ሲደፍሩና በተዋጊ በራሪዎች ሲጨፈጭፉ የነበሩ ኦሮሞ ወታደሮች በ”ምርኮኛ” መልክ መቀሌ እንዲገቡ ተደረጉ፣ ፓይለቶቹ ወደ ደብረ ዘይት ተላኩ።

ከወራት በፊት የፋሺስቱ ኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ሰአራዊት ከትግራይ እንዲወጣ ተደረገ/ተገደደ።

አሁን ሁሉም አካላት ቀጣዩንና ዛሬ የምናየውን ልክ ሆሎዶሞር ረሃብበዩክሬን ሕዝቦች ላይ ዬሲፍ ስታሌን የፈጸመውን ዓይነት የረሃብ ዕልቂት (ከሶስት ሚሊየን እስከ አስራ አራት ሚሊየን ዩክራናውያን አልቀዋል። ኡ! !) ለመድገም በትግራይም የኛዎቹ የስታሊን ርዝራዦች ሕዝቡን በረሃብ ለመጨረሽ ጥይትአልባ ጦርነቱን ጀመሩ። በነገራችን ላይ፤ ዮሴፍ ስታሊን ሩሲያዊ ሳይሆን ጆርጃዊ (ካውካስ) ነው፤ ልክ የቱርኩ ፕሬዚደንት ኤርዶጋን የቱርክ ሳይሆን የጆርጂያ ዝርያ እንዳለው። ኦርቶዶክስ ክርስቲያን በሆነችው ጆርጂያ ያለው ቅጥረኛ መንግስት ዛሬ ፀረሩሲያ፣ ፀረአርሜኒያ አቋም ያለውን ከም ዕራባውያኑ ኤዶማውያንና ከምስራቃውያኑ እስማኤላውያን ጎን የቆመ ነው። ልክ እንደ እኛዎቹ አማራዎች።

ከዘንዶው የናይጄሪያ የዮሩባ ነገድ የተገኙትንና የቀጣዩ የኖቤል ሰላም ተሸላሚ ሊያደርጓቸው የሚያስቡትን የሰማኒያ አራት ዓመት አዛውንቱን ኦባሳንጆን ወደ መቐለ እየላኩ የረሃቡን ጊዜ እያረሳሱ በማራዘም ላይ ናቸው።

💭 ታዲያ አሁን እነ ዶ/ር ደብረ ጺዮን የትግራይን ሕዝብ በረሃብ በመቅጣት ላለሙለት ሬፈረንደምና ለሉሲፈር/ቻይና ባንዲራቸው ድጋፍ ይሰጣቸው በማዘጋጀት ላይ ናቸውን? በነገራችን ላይ ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን ኦሉሴጎን ኦባሳንጆን የመሰለ ገጽታ በመያዝ ላይ ናቸው። ሰይጣናዊ ደም የመስጠት ሥነ ስርዓት (Satanic Blood Transfusion) ለማድረግ ይሆን ወደ መቐለ አዘውትረው የሚጓዙት? በዚህ እድሜያቸው እንዴት ብዙ ጊዜ ለመብረር ቻሉ?

😔😔😔 ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ! 😢😢😢

💭 Far From Toppling Statues, Former Soviet Union Puts Up New Monuments To Stalin

Many Russian Christian leaders were signatories to a letter to the Bishop of Moscow protesting Stalin’s inclusion in the cathedral mural due to his crimes,

After Cathedral of Russian Armed Forces almost unveiled a mural of late dictator on June 22, Moscow-born former MK Ksenia Svetlova explores a troubling new trend of Stalin worship

The radiant golden domes of the newly constructed Main Cathedral of the Russian Armed Forces loom high over Moscow’s Patriot Park.

Also known as the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ, the cathedral was originally scheduled for completion in time for a Victory Day parade on May 9. It was to have been a big celebration, in commemoration of the 75th anniversary of Russia’s triumph over Nazi Germany in World War II.

Due to the ongoing coronavirus crisis, the parade and the cathedral’s inauguration were delayed until June 22 — a day of memory and sorrow marking the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union and the launch of the Great Patriotic War.

But even prior to its official dedication, the massive structure honoring both Christ’s resurrection and Russia’s routing of the Nazis in the Great Patriotic War (Russian link) had turned into a source of controversy.

By April’s end, photos of the cathedral’s interior were leaked to the press. Its mosaics featured not only saints and ancient Russian war heroes, but also some familiar faces from the 20th and 21st centuries. Along with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, one can easily spot Joseph Stalin, the brutal Soviet leader who killed millions of his own citizens during a sadistic era of repression.

Stalin, a would-be priest who once studied in religious seminary in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia), was a determined enemy of the church and religion in general.

In 1931, Stalin ordered demolished the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, a majestic Moscow fixture whose construction took 40 years and was initiated by Tsar Alexander I. It was turned into a swimming pool in 1958 by Nikita Khrushchev, and finally rebuilt between 1995 and 2000 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

In 1932, Stalin launched a ruthless campaign for the eradication of religion. In 1937, the Great Purge, orchestrated by Stalin and executed by his loyalists, took the lives of millions of Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish, Tatar, Latvian, and Estonian men, women, and children, along with many others, including clergy.

Many Russian Christian leaders were signatories to a letter to the Bishop of Moscow protesting Stalin’s inclusion in the cathedral mural due to his crimes, but for some time the decision was defended by both the Russian Orthodox Church and the military.

By mid-May the images of both Putin and Stalin had disappeared from the mosaics. Some segments of the Russian public approved of the move, while many others expressed outrage. At the same time, the capitals of two pro-Russian entities — the self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and South Ossetia — changed the names of their respective capitals, Donetsk and Tskhinvali, to Stalino and Stalinir.

Despite Stalin being one of the darkest figures in Russian history, according to a 2018 poll, half of Russian youth up to age 24 had never heard of the atrocities committed under his regime. So why is he currently trending among millions of Russians?

And equally troubling: Why is the Kremlin promoting his image today, and how will this propaganda continue to affect and shape modern Russia?

Brutal tyrant or ‘effective manager’?

During the years of the perestroika from 1985 to 1991, when I was growing up in Moscow, it seemed that not a day went by without the release of a new memoir, interview or book about the repression, hunger, torture, and extermination of human beings under Stalin.

It felt like everyone had read Aleksandr Solzhenitsyin’s “The Gulag Archipelago” and the painful memoirs of Lev Razgon. Suddenly, things hardly whispered about for decades sprang to life. It became safe to speak about relatives who disappeared during the horrible purges of 1937, when people were arrested in the dead of night so as to avoid witnesses. After interrogations, torture, and speedy trials, some were executed, while others were sent to gulags — notorious forced labor camps in the Urals, Siberia, and other remote areas.

As the flow of this information increased, statues of Lenin and Stalin were toppled and broken, and people began to talk, reopening old wounds and reaching for forbidden memories.

This is how I learned about the fate of my own grandfather Constantin, my father’s father, who was arrested in 1937 and executed in 1938, as well as the “Doctors’ Plot” of 1951 to 1953. The latter was a vicious, anti-Semitic campaign in which thousands of Jewish doctors — including my grandmother Victoria — were accused of plotting to poison Stalin. They lost their jobs and were preparing to be sent to Siberia, until a few weeks after Stalin’s death the new Soviet leadership declared the plot a fabrication.

My family’s story is shared by thousands, even millions, of other Soviet families. It is not unique — and this is what makes it even more terrifying.

Three decades after the perestroika, everything has changed. That era’s heroes are now seen as naive intellectuals or opportunists who destroyed what was left of the Soviet empire, while Stalin’s legacy regains its old popularity.

According to a 2019 poll conducted by Russia’s nonprofit Levada center, a record 70 percent of Russians approved of Stalin’s role in Soviet and Russian history. In 2016, that number stood at 54%.

“By 2010 we already felt the influence of pro-Stalinists on our society, and we sort of understood what was going on,” said Irina Sherbakova, a Russian historian, author, and founding member of human rights organization Memorial, which has been following the rise of Stalinism in Russia for years.

“One of the participants in some discussions that we held was a girl whose grandfather was once forcefully exiled by Stalin from Lithuania to Siberia,” Sherbakova said. “She mentioned that in her opinion, Stalin was an ‘effective manager.’ This was at a time when Putin used to speak a lot about the need for a strong state with an effective manager — and Stalin quickly became a symbol of such a state, a leader whose authority was unlimited.”

There has been talk of strong figures since the time of Russian president Boris Yeltsin, Sherbakova said, but even Peter the Great or Ivan the Terrible didn’t resonate like Stalin. This is because Stalin is able to represent strong anti-Western and anti-liberal sentiments without alienating older people who, frustrated by economic decline and corruption, still support a left wing Leninist ideology, she said.

“Even the church adopted Stalin as a ‘powerful state’ symbol, hence the decision to include him in the cathedral, and the icons that bear his image as if he were a saint,” Sherbakova said.

Each year on October 29, the official day commemorating the victims of Soviet repression, members of Sherbakova’s Memorial organization gather near Lyubyanka — the imposing building in Moscow that once served as KGB headquarters — and read names of the victims out loud.

“We need to gather permits from 12 different offices, and each year it becomes more and more difficult, but we come back there and read the names of those who were starved, tortured, incarcerated, and murdered,” said Sherbakova.

The poignant ceremony draws a growing crowd each year. At the same time, more and more flowers appear every day by Stalin’s grave near the Kremlin walls.

A different spin

“I have a theory about this kind of Stalinism – when people wear t-shirts with Stalin’s image and say that under his rule we were a great empire,” Olga Bychkova, an influential Russian journalist and host on the Echo of Moscow radio station, told The Times of Israel.

“I believe that it’s not necessarily real fascination with Stalinism, but rather a dissatisfaction with today’s reality,” Bychkova said.

“My family had no warm feelings for Stalin,” Bychkova said. “My grandfather Matvei Glikshtein was a military doctor. He was recruited and sent to war in 1939 during the war with Finland, participated in the liberation of Bucharest and Budapest, and returned home only in May, 1945. His whole family was murdered by the Nazis in the city of Rostov in 1942.”

Bychkova said that during the Doctors’ Plot in 1952, all of her family’s friends were fired from their jobs and some were arrested. Despite her grandfather’s medals and wartime bravery, he was also fired and never regained his former status.

Bychkova’s great-uncle was arrested in 1937 for telling a joke about Stalin. The family still doesn’t know what the joke was, she said. He was only released from the camps in 1953, after Stalin’s death. It was there at the camps that he met his wife, who was sent to the gulags at age 17.

“There are not enough words to describe what they did to her there,” Bychkova said.

What they don’t know still hurts them

The 2018 poll by the VCIOM public opinion research center that found that nearly half of young Russians had never heard of Stalin’s purges, can partly explain the late despot’s growing approval rate.

Some had never met a relative who lived through that terrible time; many never learned about the repression, intentional starvation of peasants, persecution of prisoners of war who were arrested for “being spies” when they returned home after the end of WWII, horrific anti-Semitic campaigns, and the regime of fear that ruled the country for so long.

By 2010 many Russian universities were using a textbook that excused the Soviet repression as a “necessary measure” and included a false quote attributed to Winston Churchill: “Stalin received Russia with a plow and left it armed with a nuclear weapon.”

After a public outcry this book was removed from the curriculum, but many others depicting Stalin as an “effective manager” with some anger issues remained.

“My daughter went to school in the 2000s and her textbooks claimed that the victory in WWII was achieved only due to Stalin’s talent and stamina. The kids who read those textbooks are now 25 or 30 today, and if no one told them better, that’s the knowledge they have,” said Bychkova.

Sherbakova agreed. “There is a problem with how they teach history. If the narrative is ‘reforms that coincided with repressions,’ there is a problem,” she said.

If textbooks used in schools and universities imply that the atrocities perpetrated by Stalin paled in comparison to such achievements as creating “the most beautiful metro in the world,” and victory in the Great Patriotic War, how will young Russians be able to learn about their country’s dark past, especially in an age of fake news and alternative facts?

Facts are still under wraps and even the official numbers of gulag prisoners and people who were summarily executed are unavailable.

Some historians believe that 5.5 million Soviet citizens went through the conveyor belt of speedy trials, gulags, and executions; others claim that if one were to include all those forcibly deported and exiled, starved to death, interned in psychiatric hospitals, and maimed, that number would be closer to a stunning 100 million people.

In Facebook groups such as “Reading Stalin,” however, there are no trace of these numbers. In thousands of posts, Stalin is portrayed as a strong and just leader who often intervened on behalf of the “common people” and even saved them from injustice.

In one such post (link in Russian) the author describes how Stalin stepped in to help the starving peasants after receiving a complaint from renowned writer Mikhail Sholokhov.

This is historical revisionism mixed with longing for a mythical, strong-but-just brother-leader who wasn’t corrupt like the current leadership. A simple web search will lead the reader to the horrific details described by Sholokhov — babies who died from the cold, people blamed for hiding flour and forced to die of hunger, and the brutal policies spearheaded by Stalin that led to all this suffering.

Perhaps it was exactly this sort of curiosity that drove Russian YouTube star Yuri Dud to explore the connection between Stalin, repression, and gulags. In his powerful 2019 documentary, “Kolyma: The Birthplace of Our Fear,” Dud says: “I wanted to understand — where does the older generation’s fear come from? Why are they convinced that acts of courage, no matter how small, are bound to be punished?”

The documentary was viewed by millions on YouTube and was soon at the center of a vivid discussion on Russia’s past.

Steps to bridge knowledge gap

Dud’s generation might know little, but they want to know more, said Sergei Bondarenko, a historian at Memorial who researches the circumstances of arrests and executions during the Stalinist repression of the 1930s.

“What we witness today is an attempt to normalize this past and to make a label out of Stalin. Dud’s generation, very young people, naturally protest against authority — any authority. If this symbol is fed to them, they want to know why and what he’s all about. That’s why this documentary was born,” said Bondarenko.

Another recent series, “Zuleikha Opens Her Eyes,” aired on the state-run Channel 1, tells the story of uprooted Tatar woman who was exiled to Siberia. It also puts Stalin’s brutality on display and has added more fuel to an already heated discussion.

Normalized brutality?

In the 30 years since I left Russia, many things have changed. Old, forgotten symbols were resurrected from the ashes of once-powerful forces. Today I wonder: Will Stalin, the brutal dictator who built a sophisticated machine of death, torture, and forced labor to promote his nationalist agenda, be normalized and accepted by the Russian people and establishment?

Sherbakova doesn’t believe so. “[The authorities] cannot go on like this for long. They cannot offer real ideology, because in order to mobilize people one needs power and faith, and we have none today. They also cannot recreate Stalin’s system of repression — again, due to lack of massive support and faith. I believe that the surge of Stalin’s appeal is past us already,” she said.

Perhaps. While working on this feature, I asked my Facebook friends to send me their personal accounts from Stalin’s time. Within an hour I received hundreds of stories that included chilling details about arrests and gulags, fearing for loved ones, and broken lives and families.

For the sake of all of Stalin’s victims and their families, for the sake of my own grandfather — who will forever remain a 40-year-old and whose grave is unknown — I do hope that Sherbakova is right. I fervently hope that nostalgia for the “glorious past” and the narrative of an “efficient manager” will not be able to silence the truth.

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In 1931, Stalin Demolished The Cathedral of Christ The Savior | Today Orthodoxy is Life in Russia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 11, 2022

💭በኢትዮጵያ፤ ፀረ-ጽዮን የጥፋት ኃይሎች የስታሊንን ፈለግ ተክትለዋል

✞ የመድኃኔ ዓለም ቤተ ክርስቲያን ሞስኮ፤ ሩሲያ

ዮሴፍ ስታሊን 1931ዓ.ም ላይ አፈረሰው ፥ በ 1994 እንደገና ተነሳ

በሩሲያ ኅብረተሰብ ውስጥ ሰፊ ተቀባይነት ያላት የሩሲያ ኦርቶዶክስ ቤተ-ክርስቲያን ፸፪/72 ዓመታት በእነ ቭላዲሚር ሊኒን እና ዮሴፍ ስታሊን ኢ-አማንያን ኮሚኒስቶች ብርቱ ጭቆና ደርሶባት ብትንገላትም፣ የሶቭየት ኅብረት ኮሙዩኒስታዊ አገዛዝ ከተወገደ ወዲህ በ ፲፰/18 ዓመታት ገደማ ውስጥ እጅግ አንሠራርታ፣ የአብያተ-ክርስቲያኑ ቁጥር ተበራክቶ፣ ፴ሺ/30,000 መድረሱ፣ የገዳማቱም ቍጥር ከ ፲፰/18 ወደ ፯፻/700 ከፍ ማለታቸው ታውቋል። የቤተ ክርቲያኒቱ አባላት ቁጥርም፣ በሩሲያ ፌደሬሽን ብቻ፣ ከ ፸እስከ ፹ሚሊዮን/70-80 ሚልዮን እንደሚደርስ ነው የሚነገረው። ቤተ ክርስቲያኒቱ፣ ለመንፍሳዊ ልጆቿ፣ መንፍሳዊ አግልግሎት ብቻ ሳይሆን ፣ በትምህርት፣ በጤና አጠባበቅና ፣ በማኅበራዊ ኑሮ ሰፊ ግልጋሎት ትሰጣለች።

የሶቭየት አገዛዝ ካከተመ ወዲህ፣ በሩሲያ ፌደሬሽን ውስጥ፣ በመንግሥትና በቤተ ክርስቲያን መካከል ያለው ግንኙነት ያማረ-የሠመረ መሆኑ ይነገራል።

ወደኛ ሃገር ስንመለስ፤ በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ኢ-አማንያኑ ኮሙኒስቶች፣ መሀመዳውያኑ፣ መናፍቃኑ እና ዋቀፌታዎች በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ተመሳሳይ የጂሃድ ዘመቻ በማካሄድ ላይ ናቸው። በተለይ በትግራይ ጽዮናውያን ላይ ከደረሰው ከዚህ ሁሉ ግፍና ሰቆቃ በኋላ ዛሬም አልመለስና አልማርባዮቹ ኢ-አማንያኑ ሕወሓቶችና የግራኝ ኦሮሞዎች የዋቄዮ-አላህ ጭፍሮች ጽዮናውያንን፣ ገዳማቱን፣ ዓብያተክርስቲያኑትን ቅርሶቻቸውን ለማጥፋት በሕብረት እየተንቀሳቀሱ ያሉ ሆኖ ነው በጥልቁ የሚሰማኝ። ሰሞኑን የትግራይ ቅርሶች በአማዞን እና በኢቤይ ለሽያጭ መቅረባቸውን ስንሰማ ይህ የበረዶ ግግር ጫፍ መሆኑን ልንረዳ ይገባል፤ ገና ብዙ በጋራ የደበቋቸው ጉዶች አሉ። የትግራይ ዓብያተ ክርስቲያናትና ገዳማት ምን ዓይነት ሁኔታ ላይ እንደሚገኙ ላለፉት ስምንት ወራት ምንም ዓይነት መረጃ ሲቀርብ ለማየት አልቻልንም። የጽዮናውያንን ሕዝብ ስብጥር ለመለወጥና ለእስረኞችና ሕዝብ ልውውጥ ፖለቲካቸው ያዘጋጇቸውን “ምርኮኞችን” ብቻ ነው ሁሌ ደግመው ደጋግመው የሚያሳዩን። በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ባለፈው በእናታችን ጽዮን ማርያም ክብረ በዓል ዕለት የሉሲፈርን/ቻይናን ባንዲራ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ ሕንጻ ላይ በድፍረት ለመስቀል መወስናቸውና ዶ/ር ደብረጽዮን ከጥቂት ወራት በፊት፤ “ማንኛውም ትግራዋይ ሕወሓትን ከአክሱማውያኑ ታሪክ ጋር በገድልና በዝና ማክበርና ማድነቅ አለበት” ማለታቸው ዳግማዊ ስታሊን ለመሆን የሚቃጡ ፀረ-ጽዮን ጂሃዳውያን ሊሆኑ እንደሚችሉ ነው እስከዛሬ ድረስ የሚከነክነኝ። ዶ/ር ደብረጽዮንን ለትግራይ ሕዝብ ምናልባትም ከስታሊን፣ ከግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ እና ከኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ የከፉ አምባገነን ለማድረግ የተዘጋጀ ኃይል ያለ ሆኖ ነው የሚሰማኝ። ኢሳያስ አፈቆርኪ በሰላሳ ዓመት ያጠፋቸውን የኤርትራ ጽዮናውያን ተጋሩ ያህል ተጋሩዎች በአለፈው አንድ ዓመት ብቻ በትግራይ መጥፋታቸው ብዙ ሊያሳስበን ይገባል። እነዚህ ኃይሎች ብዙ የሚደቡቃቸው ነገሮች አሉ፤ “በጦርንትና በሰላም ድርድር” በኩል ጊዜ እየገዙ ብዙ ማስረጃዎችንና መረጃዎችን በመደበቅ ላይ የሚገኙ ይመስላል።

ሌኒን እና ስታሊን ከዘጠና ዓመታት በፊት በሩሲያ ኦርቶዶክስ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ላይ ያደረጉትን ግፍ ነው ሕወሓቶችና ብልጽግናዎች በጽዮናውያን ላይ እየፈጸሙና ለመፈጸም በመዘጋጀት ላይ ያሉት። ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ!

❖ የሞስኮውን የመድኃኔ ዓለም ቤተ ክርስቲያን ታሪክን አስታወሰን ሁኔታዎችን እናነጻጽር፤

በ1931፣ ዮሴፍ ስታሊን ይህን ድንቅና ታሪካዊ ቤተክርስቲያን እንዲፈርስ አዘዘ (ቪዲዮው ላይ ጉልላቱን ሲያፈርሱት ይታያል) በ 1994 እንደገና የታነጸው የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ ሕንፃ፤

፩. በዓለም ላይ ካሉት ሁሉ ረጅሙ የኦርቶዶክስ ክርስቲያን ቤተክርስቲያን። ቁመቱ ፻፫/103 ሜትር ነው.

፪. በሩሲያ ውስጥ ትልቁ የኦርቶዶክስ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ነው

፫. በአቅም፤ እስከ አስር ሺህ ምዕመናንን በአንዴ ማስተናገድ ይችላል።

፬. ድንቅ ሠዓሊያን እና መሐንዲሶች ቤተ ክርስቲያንን መልሰው አቋቋሙት።

፭. አስደናቂ የፓኖራሚክ እይታ አለው።

፭. ግርማ ሞገስ ያለው፣ አስደናቂ፣ ማራኪ እና በጣም ውብ የሆነ ቤተክርስቲያን ነው።

❖ The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow is:

1. The tallest Orthodox Christian Church in the world. Height of it is 103 metres.

2. It is the biggest Orthodox Church in Russia

3. A capacity is 10,000 people

4. Outstanding painters and architects reconstituted the church

5. Breathtaking panoramic view

6. It’s a majestic, impressing, picturesque and very beautiful church

The original Christ the Savior Cathedral was consecrated 130 years ago, on June 8, 1883. Since then, it has been blown to bits, replaced by a swimming pool, rebuilt and, most recently, at the epicenter of the controversial performance by activist punk rockers Pussy Riot. Here is that story told through archival footage.

Built as a result of Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow, the Cathedral was a thanksgiving for Russia & the victorious Russian Army. Construction lasted for 40 years & resulted in the largest Orthodox Cathedral in the World. Following the Russian Revolution, Stalin had the Catherdral blown up to make way for the Palace of Soviets, a “skyscraper” to Socialism & the memory of Lenin. Only the foundations were built by the time Hitler invaded Russia in 1941. Work ceased & following victory in 1945, the foundations were turned into an open-air pool. I actually swam there in 1966…… In 1994, the pool was closed and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour rose again. This time taking a mere fraction of the time to build.

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Tiffany Haddish Arrested & Charged with DUI — Released after Posting a $1,666 bond

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 15, 2022

💭 Arrested for Driving Under The Influence (DUI ), authorities Said.

The actress and comedian was detained after Peachtree City Police got a call about 2:30 a.m. regarding a driver asleep at the wheel on a highway, Assistant Police Chief Matt Myers said in a news release. An officer saw a vehicle matching the caller’s description and stopped Haddish as she pulled into the yard of a residence, Myers said.

Haddish later posted $1,666 bond and was released from the Fayette County Jail, Myers said. He did not release any information about a possible court date.

A spokesman for Haddish did not immediately respond to an emailed request for comment.

Haddish was the breakout star of the smash comedy “Girls Trip” and has starred in such movies as “The Kitchen,” “Night School” and “Like A Boss.” She’s also written the New York Times best seller, “The Last Black Unicorn” and hosted the popular television show “Kids Say The Darndest Things.”

Peachtree City is located about 40 miles (63 kilometers) south of Atlanta.

😈 A $1,666 bond? Woow!

💭 Evil Isaias Afewerki’s Useful Idiot Tiffany Haddish Cries after Stuck in Antichrist Turkey | Sign of The Times

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Actor Chris Tucker in Solidarity With The People of Tigray, Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 15, 2022

👏👏👏

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Air Strikes by The Fascist Oromo Regime of Ethiopia Kill 108 Civilians In Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 14, 2022

💭 የፋሽስቱ ኦሮሞ አገዛዝ በትግራይ ባደረሰው የአየር ጥቃት በጥቂቱ ፻፰/108 ንፁሀን ዜጎች ተገድለዋል

😈 ኦሮሞዎችን እና አማራዎችን እንደ ቱርኮችና ሩዋንዳዎቹ ሁቱዎች በሕዝብ ደረጃ ለዚህ ሁሉ ግፍና ወንጀል ተጠያቂ በማድረግ የፋሺስት አገዛዛቸውን ለመቃወምና ለመገርሰስ እንዲታገሉ እስካልተደረጉ ድረስ ይህ አረሜናዊ ተግባራቸው መቀጠሉ አይቀርም! በጽዮናውያን ላይ የሚካሄደው የዘር ማጥፋት ዘመቻ ላለፉት መቶ ሃምሳ ዓመት በሂደት የተዘጋጁበት፣ ጥልቅ እርኩስ መንፈሳዊ ተልዕኮ ያለውና በሕዝብ ደረጃ የሚካሄድ ዘመቻ ነውና፤ ከይሉኝታ ጋኔን እራሳችንን ቶሎ እናላቅቅ!

💭 An accelerating wave of Ethiopian air strikes in Tigray region has killed a reported 108 civilians, jeopardizing fragile peace talks and further damaging an emergency aid effort that is already on the verge of ending because of blocked supplies.

Western leaders, including Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, have been pushing for humanitarian aid and peace negotiations to end the 14-month-old war in northern Ethiopia that has killed tens of thousands of people. But the latest volley of air strikes and the rising civilian death toll have angered Tigrayan leaders and hampered the aid effort.

The United Nations human rights office, in a statement on Friday, said the air strikes could constitute a war crime if the perpetrators had not verified whether the targets were military objectives.

“We are alarmed by the multiple, deeply disturbing reports we continue to receive of civilian casualties and destruction of civilian objects resulting from air strikes in Ethiopia’s Tigray region,” said Liz Throssell, spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

She cited reports that the air strikes have killed 108 civilians and injured 75 in the past two weeks. The air strikes have reportedly hit a refugee camp, a training institute, a flour mill, an airport, a private minibus and a camp for internally displaced people.

The deadliest strike was last Friday at the Dedebit camp for displaced people, killing at least 59 people and injuring dozens of others. Another strike, on Monday, caused devastation at a mill where farmers had gathered to grind their grains into flour. The air strikes are believed to be inflicted by Turkish, Chinese and Iranian drones, imported by Ethiopia’s military in recent months.

Fisseha Tekle, an Ethiopia researcher for Amnesty International, told The Globe and Mail that the warring parties must “stop indiscriminate attacks” that hit civilians and civilian infrastructure. He called on the Ethiopian government to allow access for international and independent investigations of the air strikes.

Last week, as Ethiopia celebrated Orthodox Christmas, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced the release of several imprisoned opposition leaders, including some from the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). He called for an “all-inclusive national dialogue” and a peaceful solution to Ethiopia’s problems.

But the air strikes have undermined the prospects for peace. A spokesman for the TPLF, Getachew Reda, tweeted last week that the Prime Minister’s rhetoric about peace was contradicted by “his daily routine of denying medication to helpless children and sending drones targeting civilians.”

This week, Mr. Getachew noted that a drone strike had hit Tigray just minutes after the departure of the African Union’s diplomatic envoy, former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo, who had been discussing peace measures with Tigrayan leaders in the regional capital Mekelle.

Mr. Trudeau, in a quiet diplomatic campaign, has held repeated telephone talks with Mr. Abiy and other leaders in the Horn of Africa in recent weeks, including a conversation with Mr. Obasanjo on Thursday. His office said he had welcomed the envoy’s efforts, but “expressed concern over challenges in ensuring unhindered access to and delivery of humanitarian assistance for those affected by the conflict.”

The drone strikes are another obstacle to the desperately needed supply of aid in Tigray, where the UN estimates that 90 per cent of the population needs emergency assistance. Some aid agencies have already been forced to suspend operations in the area where the air strike hit the displaced people’s camp, because of the continuing threat of further drone attacks, the UN says.

Many humanitarian workers have been killed since the beginning of the Tigray conflict in November 2020. One aid agency, Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders), says it is still trying to understand how three of its staff workers were killed in an apparent execution in Tigray last June. The three bodies were found within 400 metres of their well-marked MSF car and “their injuries showed that each suffered multiple close-range gunshot wounds,” the agency said in a statement this week.

This shows that the attack was an intentional killing, MSF said. It said it has asked the Ethiopian and Tigrayan authorities to provide information about the presence of their armed forces in the area at the time, but it is still awaiting answers.

A major UN agency, the World Food Programme, warned on Friday that its food assistance in northern Tigray is “about to grind to a halt” because intense fighting has blocked the transport of fuel and food.

No convoys of WFP aid have reached Mekelle since mid-December, the agency said. Stocks of nutritionally fortified food for malnourished children and women are now exhausted, and the last of its cereals, pulses and oil will be distributed next week, it said.

“We’re now having to choose who goes hungry to prevent another from starving,” said WFP Eastern Africa director Michael Dunford in a statement. “We’re on the edge of a humanitarian disaster.”

Across northern Ethiopia, the WFP estimates that 9.4 million people need humanitarian food assistance – the highest number recorded so far, and an increase of 2.7 million in the past four months.

The World Health Organization’s director-general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, who is himself from Tigray, said this week that the Ethiopian government is denying food and medicine to its own people in the region.

“Nowhere in the world are we witnessing hell like in Tigray,” he told reporters. “Imagine a complete blockade of seven million people for more than a year. And there is no food. There is no medication, no medicine. No electricity. No telecom. No media.”

After his comments, the Ethiopian government said it had sent a letter of complaint to the WHO, accusing Dr. Tedros of “misconduct” and interference in Ethiopia’s internal affairs.

Other WHO officials, however, have made similar comments to those of Dr. Tedros. The agency’s director of emergencies, Michael Ryan, said this week that the lack of access to basic medicine in Tigray is “an insult to our humanity.” He warned of “catastrophic, imminent health consequences.”

Source

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Muslim Arab Jihadists From The Republic Of Sudan Kill 28 Christians in South Sudan

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 14, 2022

ካርቱም ሱዳን ሪፐብሊክ የሙስሊም አረብ ጂሃዳውያን በደቡብ ሱዳን ፳፰/28 ክርስቲያኖችን ገደሉ። ✞

በሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ክርስቲያኖች ላይ በግራኝ አማካኝነት እየተካሄደ ያለውም የመሀመዳውያኑ ጂሃድ ነው!✞

😈 ግራኝ ከኢሳያስ አፈቆርኪ+ ቱርኮች፣ ኢራኖችና ኳታር ጋር አብሮ የትግራይን ድንበር 360 ዲግሪ መዝጋቱን ለመቀጠል በካርቱም አሻንጉሊት መንግስት ለማስቀመጥ በመስራት ላይ ናቸው

💭 “At least 28 killed in Islamist attack on South Sudanese Christian community,”

At least 28 people were killed and 57 houses burned down in an attack by Islamist extremists against the Christian community of Yith Pabol, Aweil East county, South Sudan, in early January.

Bishop Joseph Mamer Manot said on 6 January that “massive displacement has happened, and the humanitarian situation is alarming as food and other property have been burned down into ashes, leaving survivors with no shelters, no food and no safe drinking water”.

The incident is the latest example of attacks against South Sudanese Christians by Arab Muslims from the Republic of Sudan, along the disputed border between the two countries.

A similar attack the same week in nearby Miodol village left at least four dead, with three others missing and several houses destroyed.

The state security adviser, Joseph Akook Aleu, said Monday that the state government decided to close the road to Sudan because of the ongoing attacks and killing of civilians.

South Sudan is about 60% Christian, mostly Roman Catholic and Anglican. By grace of God and the blessings of His Beatitude Theodore II, the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa, Metropolitan Narkissos (Gammoh) of Nubia founded the first Orthodox Christian missionary center in South Sudan in 2015.

Source

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Etiopía፡ aún sin las Responsabilidades del Asesinato de María, Tedros y Yohannes

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 14, 2022

💭 ባለፈው ሐምሌ ወር ላይ በትግራይ በአሰቃቂ ሁኔታ ስለተገደሉት የእርዳታ ሰጭው ሜድ ሳን ፍሮንቴር አገልጋዮች የማሪያ ሄርናንዴዝ፣ የቴድሮስ ገብረ ማርያም እና የዮሐንስ ሃለፎም ግድያ ተጠያቂነት አሁንም የለም። አዎ! በትግራይ፣ በአማራ እና በኦሮሚያ ሲዖል እንደተፈጸሙት ወንጀሎችና ግፎች ሁሉ ተጠያቂነት እስካሁን የለም። ሆኖም ሁሉም ወንጀሎችና ግድያዎች ሁሉ በአረመኔው ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ በኩል የሚፈጸሙ መሆናቸውን ሁሉም ያውቀዋል።

💭 Seis meses después del asesinato de nuestros compañeros María, Tedros y Yohannes, siguen sin estar claras las circunstancias y las responsabilidades.

El 24 de junio de 2021, María Hernández, de 35 años, nuestra coordinadora de emergencias; Yohannes Halefom Reda, de 32 años, nuestro coordinador adjunto; y Tedros Gebremariam, de 31 años, nuestro conductor, se dirigían por la región de Tigray, desde Abi Adi hacia el sur, para buscar y recoger a heridos en zonas afectadas por intensos combates entre la RDFE, sus aliados y el FLPT. El equipo de MSF en Abi Adi había recibido información previa referente a un gran número de heridos en Shoate Egum, una aldea cercana al lugar del incidente. A poco más de una hora de viaje el vehículo se detuvo.

El 25 de junio, localizamos su vehículo vacío y sus cuerpos fueron encontrados a una distancia de entre 100 y 400 metros del coche. Sus lesiones mostraban que los tres habían sufrido múltiples disparos a corta distancia. El tipo de heridas sufridas por nuestros compañeros no correspondían a las que hubieran resultado de un fuego cruzado, y confirman que fue un asesinato intencionado de tres trabajadores de ayuda humanitaria. Cada uno de ellos era claramente reconocible como civil y trabajador humanitario en el momento del incidente. El vehículo, claramente identificado con el logotipo de MSF y dos banderas de la organización, recibió numerosos disparos y fue incendiado.

Durante los últimos seis meses, hemos hecho todo lo posible por entender lo que les ocurrió, entablando un contacto continuo con las partes del conflicto. Nos hemos reunido en múltiples ocasiones con varios Ministerios de la República Democrática Federal de Etiopía (RDFE) para asegurarnos de que se investigan sus asesinatos y se nos comunican los resultados. Hemos hecho las mismas peticiones al Frente de Liberación del Pueblo de Tigray (FLPT).

Además, como parte de nuestra práctica interna habitual tras incidentes críticos de seguridad, hemos recopilado y analizado información que nos ha permitido reconstruir la ruta que siguió el coche de MSF, así como el lugar y la hora del incidente y algunas de las circunstancias materiales del asesinato.

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CNN: UN Spokesperson Discusses The Humanitarian Catastrophe Unfolding in Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 14, 2022

💭 “There’s a lot of areas we haven’t been able to access so we can’t assess what the humanitarian situation is.” 😠😠😠 😢😢😢

Steph Dujarric UN Spokesperson discusses the food, fuel and cash shortage that are adding to Tigray’s humanitarian crises.

I’m looking at the clock right now. It’s just gone I think about 8:30 in the evening in Tigray. As we’re talking on this program. That means there are a lot of people, millions actually, who are likely going to bed hungry. It’s one thing not to be able to find food for yourself. It’s another thing altogether not to be able to find food for your children.” Zain Asher

አሁን ሰዓቱን እየተመለከትኩ ነው። አሁን ሄዷል ትግራይ ውስጥ ከምሽቱ ሁለት ሰዓት ተኩል አካባቢ ይመስለኛል። በዚህ ፕሮግራም ላይ እንደምናወራው’ ይህ ማለት ብዙ ሰዎች አሉ ፣ ምናልባትም ተርበው ሊተኙ ይችላሉ በእውነቱ ሚሊዮኖች ሰዎች አሉ። ለራስህ ምግብ ማግኘት አለመቻል አንድ ነገር ነው። ለልጆቻችሁ ምግብ ማግኘት አለመቻል ግን ሙሉ ለሙሉ ሌላ ነገር ነው።” ጋዜጠኛ ዜን አሸር

ከናይጄሪያው የ’ኢቦ’ ብሔረሰብ (ምናልባት፣ ኢትዮጵያዊ/አይሁዳዊ አመጣጥ አለው ፥ የኦባሳንጆ ‘ዮሩባ’ ብሔረሰብ ግን እንደ ኦሮሞ ዘንዷዊ አመጣጥ ያለው ሆኖ ነው የሚታየኝ) የሆነችው የሲ. ኤን. ኤን ጋዜጠኛ ‘ዜን አሸር’ ከአብዛኛዎቹ “ኢትዮጵያውያን ነን” ባዮች ውዳቂዎች የተሻለ ሰብ አዊነት፣ ሴትነትና እናትነትን ታሳያለች።

አረመኔ ኦሮሞ እና እርጉም አማራ ጽዮናውያንን አስርባችሁ በማጥፋት ኢትዮጵያን ለእስማኤላውያኑ ታሪካዊ ጠላቶቿ ለማስረከብ ተግታችሁ እየሠራችሁ ስለሆነ በቅርቡ እርስበርስ ትባላላችሁ፤ እሳቱም መቅሰፍቱም ከሰማይ ይወርድባችኋል። እግዚአብሔር ይይላችሁ፤ ጨካኞች! ክፉዎች የዲያብሎስ ሥራ አስፈጻሚዎች!😈

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Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed Named Worst Head of State in The World. Nobel Body Criticizes Peace Prize Winner Abiy Ahmed Ali Over Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 13, 2022

💭 አርመኔው ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ፤ “በዓለም ላይ በጣም መጥፎው የሀገር መሪ ነው” ተባለ

From the Nobel Peace Prize to the front lines

In competition with among others Jair Bolsonaro and Boris Johnson, Abiy Ahmed has been named the worst head of state in 2021 by a panel of professors and researchers, on behalf of the Norwegian newspaper Morgenbladet.

2021 hasn’t just been affected by a pandemic, but also bad and dangerous leadership in many countries, writes Norwegian weekly newspaper Morgenbladet.

An expert panel was put together by the newspaper to discuss and conclude: Who was the worst head of state in 2021?

👉 The final verdict: Abiy Ahmed. 😈

In 2019 he came to Oslo to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, for his “efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation.” Two years later, Ethiopia is marred by civil war.

The New York times recently described the situation as “a year of conflict in Ethiopia, Africa’s second most populous country and a linchpin of regional security, has left thousands dead, forced more than two million people from their homes and pushed parts of the country into famine.”

A wasted opportunity

While dictactors in general, like North-Koreas Kim Jong-un, suppress their people as a natural part of their leadership, 2021 has been a very active year for Prime Minister Ahmed, Morgenbladet writes.

“Abiy has done nothing to downscale the ongoing civil war in his country, because he wants to secure his own alliances and his own position. He is perhaps the most disappointing head of state of the year,” professor Carl Henrik Knutsen says to the newspaper.

Knutsen served in the newspaper’s expert panel on the topic.

“With the Nobel Prize in his pocket and the recognition that comes with it from international alliances, a lot was in place for Abiy to develop his country in a positive direction. He wasted that opportunity and seems to have put his own concerns over that of his citizens,” he says.

The worst of the bad

The expert panel consisted of Carl Henrik Knutsen, professor of political science at the University of Oslo, Lise Rakner, professor of political science at the University of Bergen, Helle Malmvig, senior researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies and Dan Smith, Director at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

“A truly bad head of state is an authoritarian and oppressive leader who undermines the political institutions in the country and concentrates all power in his own hands, at any cost,” according to Knutsen.

Discussions that included Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro and the king of Saudi-Arabia, Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, finally narrowed down to a list of six nominees:

  • Boris Johnson, Prime Minister of the UK
  • Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus
  • Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India
  • Jair Bolsonaro, President of Brasil
  • Michel Aoun, President of Lebanon
  • Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of Ethiopia

Watching people die during a pandemic

Questions that were discussed were whether the head of state has contributed to financial decline in their own country, supported or started a civil war and suppressed civil or political rights. Handling of the pandemic was also an important criterion.

“Leaders who are in denial, who with open eyes watch a large number of people dying during the pandemic and call information about this mortality “fake news” – I believe this is a form of genocide,” said Professor Lise Rakner.

On the more unusual suspect on the list, Boris Johson, Rakner has the following to say:

“The United Kingdom still have a free press, a stable legal system and an independent central bank, which means that Johnson cannot control things in any way he would like to. But if you had given Brasil to Johnson, a lot of things would have gone very wrong. What a clown.”

The violent solution

According to Dan Smith from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the most important criterion in deciding on the worst head of state in 2021 was starting an irresponsible war and using systematic violence. This is why Abiy ends up top, he says to Morgenbladet.

“Since the outbreak of the war, there have been obvious alternative ways of acting, but all of them have been rejected. Both sides have blocked a politically negotiated solution. Instead, Abiy has chosen the most violent solution,” he says.

Source

Nobel Body Criticizes Peace Prize Winner Abiy Ahmed Ali Over Tigray

💭 የኖርዌይ ኖቤል ኮሚቴ በትግራይ ላይ በሚፈጽመው ወንጀል የሰላም ሽልማት አሸናፊውን አብይ አህመድ አሊን ኮነነው

The Norwegian Nobel Committee, which awards the Nobel Peace Prize, said Thursday that Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who won the honour in 2019, bore special responsibility for ending the bloodshed in Tigray.

“As Prime Minister and winner of the Peace Prize, Abiy Ahmed has a special responsibility to end the conflict and contribute to peace,” Berit Reiss-Andersen, chair of the committee, said in a statement to AFP.

Northern Ethiopia has been beset by conflict since November 2020 when Abiy sent troops into Tigray after accusing the region’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), of attacks on federal army camps.

The fighting between forces loyal to Abiy and the TPLF and their allies has killed thousands of people and forced several million from their homes.

Spokeswoman Billene Seyoum responded to the committee’s comments, saying Abiy had already shouldered his responsibilities.

“The Prime Minister has indeed taken up this ‘special responsibility’ of ending the conflict waged on the state by TPLF and has been engaged in putting an end not only to the past year’s conflict but the destabilising activities of the TPLF, designated a terrorist organisation by parliament,” Billen told AFP.

Tigray is under what the United Nations calls a de facto blockade that is preventing life-saving medicine and food from reaching millions, including hundreds of thousands in famine-like conditions.

Millions of people have fled their homes since the conflict in Tigray erupted in November 2020

“The humanitarian situation is very serious and it is not acceptable that humanitarian aid does not get through sufficiently,” Reiss-Andersen said.

Speaking at a press conference, Human Rights Watch executive director Kenneth Roth appealed for countries to press Abiy to allow aid to get through.

“The big threat there is the Ethiopian government’s blockade of humanitarian assistance that is desperately needed by millions of people in the region,” Roth told reporters.

“This is a classic case of collective punishment. This is not punishing Tigrayan military forces. It is punishing the people… in Tigray,” he added.

The conflict in Tigray has sparked calls to strip Abiy of the Nobel, but this is not possible under the award’s statutes.

The Norwegian committee said it could not comment on what factors were emphasised when the prize was awarded to Abiy beyond “the reasons given in connection with the award,” as the panel’s discussions are confidential.

In November 2020, Abiy’s government allowed Eritrean forces into Tigray as they together pursued the Tigray leaders after political tensions erupted into war. Some tens of thousands of people have been killed, and hundreds of thousands now face famine as Ethiopia’s government has kept almost all food and medical aid from Tigray since late June.

“Since the autumn of 2020, developments in Ethiopia have escalated to a comprehensive armed conflict,” the statement said. “The humanitarian situation is very serious, and it is not acceptable that humanitarian aid does not emerge to a sufficient degree.”

The conflict entered a new phase in late December when Tigray forces retreated into their region amid a new military offensive and Ethiopian forces said they would not advance further there.

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የግራኝና ጂኒ ጃዋር ጂሃድ | ኦሮሞ እና እስልምና አይነጣጠሉም፤ ሰሜናውያን ክርስቲያኖችን በሜንጫ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 13, 2022

ሐሰት ነው፤ እባቡ ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ የጂሃድ አጋሩን ጀዋር መሀመድን አላሰረውም፤ ተልዕኳቸው አንድ ዓይነት ስለሆነም ሊያስረው በፍጹም አይሻም። ጃዋር “ተፈታ” ከመባሉ በፊት ላለፉት ወራት በደብረ ዘይት/ናዝሬት አካባቢ በሚገኝ አንድ ቪላ ከእነ ግዙፍ ግቢው ይኖር እንደነበረና ፊቱንም በጺም ሸፍኖ በነፃ ይንቀሳቀስ እንደነበር መረጃዎች እየወጡ ነው። አስቀድመን፤ “ጃዋር ለስልት ነው ‘ታሰረ’ የተባለው” ያልነው ትክክል ነበር።

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