Addis Ethiopia Weblog

Ethiopia's World

Posts Tagged ‘Meskel’

መስቀሉ አበራ | እንኳን ለብርሃነ መስቀሉ በሰላም አደረሰን!

Posted by addisethiopia on September 24, 2017

Meskel (Ge’ez: መሰቀል) is an annual religious holiday in the Ethiopian Orthodox and Eritrean Orthodox Churches commemorating the discovery of the True Cross by Queen Helena (Saint Helena) in the fourth century. Meskel occurs on the 17 Meskerem in the Ethiopian calendar (September 27, Gregorian calendar, or on 28 September in leap years).

The Meskel celebration includes the burning of a large bonfire, or Demera, based on the belief that Queen Eleni had a revelation in a dream. She was told that she shall make a bonfire and that the smoke would show her where the true cross was buried. So she ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood and make a huge pile. After adding frankincense to it the bonfire was lit and the smoke rose high up to the sky and returned to the ground, exactly to the spot where the Cross had been buried

According to Ethiopian traditions, this Demera-procession takes place in the early evening the day before Meskel or on the day itself. The firewood is decorated with daisies prior to the celebration. Charcoal from the remains of the fire is afterwards collected and used by the faithful to mark their foreheads with the shape of a cross (compare Ash Wednesday). With Demera, some believe that it “marks the ultimate act in the cancellation of sins, while others hold that the direction of the smoke and the final collapse of the heap indicate the course of future events – just as the cloud of smoke the Lord over the Tabernacle offered guidance to the children of Israel (Exod. 40:34-38).


Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

ኢትዮጵያዊቷ የ29 ዓመት እናት በለንደኑ እሳት ሕይወቷን ማጣቷ ሲነገር፡ አረንጓዴ፣ ቢጫና ቀይ የማርያም መቀነት በህንፃው ላይ ወርዶ ይታይ ነበር

Posted by addisethiopia on July 13, 2017

ብርክቲ ሃፍቶም ትባላልች፤ እግዚአብሔር ነፍስሽን ይማርልሽ፤ እናትዬ!!!

Grenfell Tower Fire Victim Named As 29-Year-Old Mother Berkti Haftom

Her family issued a statement which said: “Berkti was a generous, caring, loving mother, partner, sister, aunty and friend and she will be missed by us all forever.”



Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

A Kenyan Lady: Deadly Destruction in New York City Could Cancel Presidential Debate

Posted by addisethiopia on September 26, 2016


Tomorrow’s debate between Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton and Republican candidate Donald Trumpmight have to be cancelled if recent prophetic warnings are fulfilled.

The Presidential debate is scheduled to start at 9:00 pm on September 26 at Hofstra University, which is located on Long Island in Hempstead NY, just 20 miles from Midtown Manhattan. However, urgent prophetic warnings shared over the past 48 hourshave identified a deadly event strikingNew York City within the next three days with tomorrow being the most likely date.

The recent increase in civil unrest and terrorist attacks throughout the United States, including abombing in New York City, makes these new warnings more believable. New York Cityhas been a favorite target in the past.

There have been many prophetic warnings about chaos surrounding the 2016 Presidential election. These include warnings from Glenda Jackson,Stephen Hanson, Mena Lee Grebin, Matt Smith, and Brian Carn.

Brian Carn shared a specific warning about New York City saying, “New York City will eventually deal with a new terrorist attack. This will re-open an old wound from the days of 9/11 and many are going to flee into Toronto, Ontario.”

Over the years, there have been many prophetic warnings of death and destruction coming to New York City, including amazingly accurate warnings about the terrorist attacks on 9/11/2001, not only in identifying the event, but also the exact date. David E. Taylor,founder and leader of Joshua Media Ministries International, has a greattestimony about that. However, most of thewarnings have not included dates, but these latest warnings do.

Yesterday morning, I received an email warning of a disaster in New York City within the next five days. Itwas originally posted on September 23, so we now haveonlythree days remaining. After hearing it, I was skeptical so I was not planningto share it. But then I prayed, “God, if you want me to share this, pleaseconfirm it.”

I assumed that would be the end ofit, but within the next few hours, I received two more emails from different people with similar warnings. Neither of them were aware of the other warnings, so I believe they were confirmations. However, I did not personally get a word from God about this, so I am relying on the information sent to me by these three sources. I hope and pray it turns out to be nothing.

Late Friday evening, September 23 2016, a Kenyan lady named Esther Hadassah shared a 2-minute video on her Facebook page with an urgent warning about an attack on New York City happening within the next five days.

Esther did not give a specific date, but she said it would happen “in less than five days.” Since she shared the video shortly before midnight on September 23, I am assuming that means the event would happen by Wednesday September 28 or sooner.

Shalom. My name is Esther and I have a message from the King of kings.

It is an urgent message from the Lord of Lords; the creator of Heaven and earth; the owner of the universe; our Father who art in heaven; the Ancient of Days; the Alpha and the Omega; the Beginning to the End.

His name is YWHY; His name is Jehovah; His name of El Gibhor; His name is El Shaddai; His name is El Sabaoth; His name is Elohiym.

This is what He told me to tell them and issue, it as an emergency alert to America.

He said, ‘In less than 5 (five) days! In less than 5 (five) days, sadly, unfortunately, the dreadful, the devastating, the deadly, the terrible, the heart wrenching, the painful, it is going to happen in America.’

And He told me, it will be a day like we have never seen in our time. A terrible day. We have not seen this kind of day. Very destructive, very catastrophic, very terrible.

And He says, ‘Tell the ones in New York City, that New York is going to crumble. It is going to shake and quake and then it will collapse on its belly, breathless and lifeless.’

And He said, ‘Tell them to get out of their houses in New York City and begin to run as far as they can – not near New York. Anywhere, but near New York.’

Wherever you are, and if your are listening to this, run for your dear lives. Run now when you still can. Because the LORD says, it shall surely be like the days of Sodom and Gomorrah. Only Lot made it out in safety.”


finding-true-crossMy Note: In the coming two days, Meskel (መስቀል) will be celebrated all over Ethiopia. Meskel (The Cross) is an annual religious holiday in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church commemorating the discovery of the True Cross by Queen Helena (Saint Helena) in the fourth century. Meskel occurs on the 17 Meskerem in the Ethiopian calendar (September 27, Gregorian calendar, or on 28 September in leap years).

The Meskel celebration includes the burning of a large bonfire, or Demera, based on the belief that Queen Eleni had a revelation in a dream. She was told that she shall make a bonfire and that the smoke would show her where the true cross was buried. So she ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood and make a huge pile. After adding frankincense to it the bonfire was lit and the smoke rose high up to the sky and returned to the ground, exactly to the spot where the Cross had been buried.

Deeply hoping for tomorrow that there will be bonfire only in Ethiopia.


Posted in Conspiracies, Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , | 4 Comments »

More Than a Million Ethiopians Get Together to Celebrate Life Under The Full Moon – Millions of ‘Saudis’ to Celebrate Death ‘With’ The Half Moon

Posted by addisethiopia on October 22, 2015

Saudi Arabia Hajj Disaster Death Toll Has Reached at Least 2,177

The crush and stampede that struck the hajj last month in Saudi Arabia killed at least 2,177 pilgrims, a new Associated Press tally showed Monday, after officials in the kingdom met to discuss the tragedy.

The toll keeps rising from the Sept. 24 disaster outside Mecca as individual countries identify bodies and work to determine the whereabouts of hundreds of pilgrims still missing. The official Saudi toll of 769 people killed and 934 injured has not changed since Sept. 26, and officials have yet to address the discrepancy.

Crown Prince Mohammed bin Naif bin Abdul Aziz, who is also the kingdom’s interior minister, oversaw a meeting late Sunday about the disaster in Mina, according to the official Saudi Press Agency. The agency’s report did not mention any official response to the rising death toll.

The crown prince was reassured on the progress of the investigations,” the SPA report said. “He directed the committee’s members to continue their efforts to find the causes of the accident, praying to Allah Almighty to accept the martyrs and wishing the injured a speedy recovery.”

King Salman ordered the investigation into the disaster, the deadliest in the history of the annual pilgrimage. It came after a crane collapse in Mecca earlier that month killed 111 worshippers, and the twin disasters marred the first hajj to be overseen by the king since he ascended to the throne at the start of this year.

The Saudi king holds the title of “Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques,” and the monarchy’s supervision of the hajjis a source of great prestige in the Muslim world. Riyadh has rejected a suggestion by Shiite power Iran, its main regional rival, to have an independent body take over planning and administering the five-day hajj pilgrimage, which is required of all able-bodied Muslims once in their lifetimes.

Associated PressAn Iranian mourner weeps during a funeral ceremony, attended by thousands of mourners in Tehran, Iran, for some of the pilgrims who were killed in a stampede during the hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.

Iran has repeatedly blamed the disaster on the Saudi royal family, accusing it of mismanagement and of covering up the real death toll, which Tehran says exceeds 4,700, without providing evidence.

The lying and hypercritical bodies, which claim to (be promoting) human rights, as well as the Western governments, which sometimes make great fuss over the death of a single person, remained dead silent in this incident in favor of their allied government,” Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said Monday, according to a transcript on his website.

If they were sincere, these self-proclaimed advocates of human rights should have demanded accountability, compensation, guarantee for non-recurrence and punishment for the perpetrators of this catastrophe.”

Iran and Saudi Arabia are deeply divided on a host of regional issues and back opposite sides in the wars in Syria and Yemen, where a Saudi-led coalition has been at war with Iran-backed Shiite rebels, known as Houthis, since March.

Saudi Arabia has meanwhile been targeted in gun and bomb attacks by an affiliate of the extremist Islamic State group, which holds a third of Iraq and Syria in its self-declared “caliphate.” Like al-Qaida before it, the IS group views the Saudi royal family as illegitimate because of alleged corruption and its alliance with the United States.

The AP count of the dead from the Mina crush and stampede comes from state media reports and officials’ comments from 30 of the over 180 countries that sent citizens to the hajj.

Iran leads all the affected countries, saying it had 465 pilgrims killed. Many of the dead also came from Africa. Mali said it lost 254 people, while Nigeria lost 199, Cameroon lost 76, Niger lost 72, Senegal lost 61, and Ivory Coast and Benin both lost 52.

Others include Egypt with 182, Bangladesh with 137, Indonesia with 126, India with 116, Pakistan with 102, Ethiopia with 47, Chad with 43, Morocco with 36, Algeria with 33, Sudan with 30, Burkina Faso with 22, Tanzania with 20, Somalia with 10, Kenya with eight, Ghana and Turkey with seven, Myanmar and Libya with six, China with four, Afghanistan with two and Jordan and Malaysia with one.

The previous deadliest-ever incident at hajj was a 1990 stampede that killed 1,426 people.


My Note: Millions of Christian Ethiopians come together at “Meskal/Cross Square” for one of the most important annual Christian feasts. Never, ever in the history of the Ethiopian church has occurred that the faithful Christians have experienced like the weirdo Muslim stamped in Mecca. Million Christians lighten their candles to express their faith in The One True Egziabher God with brotherly/sisterly LOVE, PEACE and JOY – whereas, in Mecca we witness time and time again Muslims sacrificing their lives in order to please their god. All their dark ‘celebrations’ end up like the annual Serengeti wildebeest migration, in Tanzania, that begins in June and goes through until October featuring impressive crossings of the Mara River where wildebeest risk their lives to stampede through the water and are often attacked by crocodiles. (notice the time)

By the way, pay attention to the fact that the Islamic Eid al-Adha “Feast of the Sacrifice” is purposely placed between/around the two important Christian Holidays in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Calendar: New Year’s Day (September 11/12, and Meskel (September 27). Interesting, next year this Islamic feast will fall on September 11.

Remember, rain barely drops down in Mecca, but on September 11, 2015 the scary crane that collapsed on the grand Mosque was brought down by strong wind and heavy rain. In that surrounding geographical area it rains only in Ethiopia during that season ., on Ethiopia’s New Year’s Day, the strong wind (The Breath of God ) + heavy rain obviously came from the other side of the Red Sea, from Zion (the Holy Mountains of Ethiopia).

Those who plow iniquity and those who sow trouble harvest it. The roaring of the lion and the voice of the fierce lion, And the teeth of the young lions are broken.… I can’t wait for the next September 11!

They will be put to shame and even humiliated, all of them; The manufacturers of idols will go away together in humiliation.” [Isaiah 45:16 ]

By the breath of God they perish, And by the blast of His anger they come to an end“ [Job 4:9]

Mecca Crane Collapses on 9-11 Anniversary

September 11 (Day 254, Redemption): The weather angels caused a sudden thunderstorm over Mecca that toppled a crane on worshipers in a mosque on the anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attack on the US. A construction crane was struck by lightning and toppled onto the Grand Mosque about 5:45 PM Saudi time. Over 100 were killed and over 200 injured. The crane belonged to the Bin Laden family construction company, which is in charge of the £14 billion mosque expansion project.

Crance Collapse Chart

The Chart at the time of the crane collapse contained a Wing, a Coffin, and two Plows. A Wing is a symbol of power. The Wing corresponded to the crane. A Coffin is for burying the dead, and a Plow symbolizes intensive suffering, like being plowed under. One Plow pointed to the Last Adam in Sagittarius, for an enemy attack. The other Plow pointed to the God of the Covenants in Scorpius, for final judgment. The Judgment on the September 11 anniversary by the weather in an act of God was obviously God’s revenge (Rom 12:19), or redemption per the meaning of today, Day 254, for redemption.

The Redeemer Planet was on the Ascendant in Aquarius, for being redeemed from Sheol. This corresponds to those who didn’t die, but it also corresponds to God’s payback (Rom 12:19). Aquarius corresponds to Florida where three of the September 11 hijacker pilots received flight training.


The crane falling on the Mecca mosque during a thunderstorm corresponds to the Battle of the Thunderstorm (1 Sam 2:10; 7:10-11). The weather angels that caused the thunderstorm work for God – not Allah. The worshippers of Allah were cursed by God on the anniversary of September 11, 2001 by a Bin Laden family crane.

Fifteen of the 19 terrorists on September 11 were Saudi citizens. This is the link to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The Ascendant sign was Aquarius with the Redeemer Planet. This corresponds to redemption, or payback, associated with Florida, where three of the hijacker pilots trained. The Descendant was Leo, corresponding to Washington, DC. The Sun and Moon were setting, corresponding to the end of the day (or time period).

The cursing of the thunderstorm in the desert corresponds to the Judgment of the Prostitute of Babylon, who is behind the Muslim religion.


A curios note: All the youtube videos related to the crane collapse have a limited length of 0:20 seconds – even though many uploaded it for more than a minute. “Youtube” under Saudi pressure? See this screen shot.

A Possible Coup in Saudi Arabia Signals the End of US Dominance in the Mideast

The Secret Awfulness of Saudi Arabia

Amazing Discovery: Who are the 4 Horsemen of the Apocalypse?


Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith, Infos, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

ብሩክ መስቀል –- A Blessed ‘Meskel’ Festivity

Posted by addisethiopia on September 24, 2015


“Maskal oder Das Ende der Regenzeit” (Meskal or End of The Rainy Season)

Think of Addis Abeba a century ago. Reading this book by Brigitte Beil I was transported in my mind to this town and I saw the cosmopolitan character of it. People from nations far and near were mingling in this town with imperial status. It reminded me of present day New York or London. Adventurers and professionals, refugees and locals. All in a time of turmoil.

One man we encounter in this lively city is the German architect Carl Haertel. Back home his firm ran into financial problems when his brother left and went to Argentina. At that moment Carl ( in his early fourties) was invited to join a German party to go to Abysinia. Bosch, the man that organized the party, had been asked to get some professionals to work in Addis Abeba. At that time Menelik II is the negus or emperor.

The book ‘Maskal’ is a historical novel. The writer takes up the historical Haertel family that lived in Addis Abeba from 1906 – 1942, separated form each other  during the Great War, when Anna stayed with their three daughters in Germany. When the Italians invaded Abysinia the Haertel family was transported to prisoncamps. Carl died in 1941 in Dire Darwa. His wife and children were transported to Mandera, next Berbera and by ship to Triest (Italy).

During the years in Addis Abeba Carl Haertel worked as an architect for the emperial family and for private individuals. He built the mausoleum for Menelik II and many more buildings (among them the building for the German embassy). His wife Anna had close relations with the wife of the later negus Haile Selassie. She even accompanied her on her epic journey to the Near East. When Haile Selassi returned to Ethiopia after his exile the relation with the Haertel family had cooled down.

Brigitte Beil reveived information from a grandson of Carl and Anna Haertel. She wove this into a story with the general history of Abyssinia and the character of Katrina, the granddaughter of Eva, the third daughter of the family. Katrina discovers in the house an old cardboard box with old pictures and notes. She talks about it with her grandmother and Eva tells about the hidden history of her family, her own hidden family.

MeskalEndeDerRegenyeitIn the book the relations of the imperial family and the Haertel family are on a good footing. There is no sense of colonial disdain (Abysinia was not a colony!). Europeans were in Addis Abeba as long as the leading Abysinians were willing to have them around. Anna in the beginning did some medical work to the benefit of the people around their mud house. Once the family lives in a stone house with a wall, her contacts with the Abysinians are only with the upper class. This sense of class distance is also shown when a young widowed relative comes to stay with the family. She, Lucie, gets to know a local man. This relationship is not appreciated. Lucy is not very keen on participating in the expatriate festivities that abound in town. When her lover dies she is heartbroken and dies as well.

Later, in the present days, Katerina gets  lovingly involved with her Hennoch, her Ethiopian guide in Addis Abeba (a student of architecture, whose grandfather worked for Carl Haertel), and this is not seen as a problem. When Katrina visits Addis Abeba she wants to see the legacy of her great grandfather and she sees the statue of Meneliki, in front of St. George’s Church. She visits the grave of Lucie in Addis Abeba, but in Dire Dawa there is no trace of a grave of her ancestor Carl Haertel. In the end she talks with an Armenian man, Odabassian, nearly a hundred years old, who knew the family. According to this man, one of the few remaning of the many Armenians in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia is different from Africa, it is more related to the Jewish and southern Arabian world. Katrina returns to Germany, but she wants to return, maybe even for the remaining years of her life. In this way she shows the continuing relations beteen Ethiopia and Germany.

Brigitte Beil takes the opportunity to relate the continuing history of the family of the negus Haile Selassie, even when the Hartel family is no longer in Ethiopia. In a way their place was taken by the Pankhurst family (yes, the one of suffragette-fame), that still lives in Ethiopia.

The writer or the translator did something extraordinary to the British writer Evelyn Waugh. This male writer is turned into a female one.

Maskal is the name of an important ecclesiastical feast for the Coptic Church in Ethiopia. It celebrates Helena, the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine, who went to Jerusalem to find the cross on which Jesus Christ hung, when he was executed by the Roman authorities. During this feast the love affair of Lucie starts. It is the very first feast the Haertel ladies witness after their return form Germany, and it was this festive occasion that was the last before the invasion by Italian forces.

I enjoyed reading this book.

Brigitte Beil – Maskal oder Das Ende der Regenzeit – 2003

Reblogged from

I too enjoyed reading the book


Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

10 scary Things Happening (or Possibly Happening) in SEPTEMBER 2015

Posted by addisethiopia on August 31, 2015


1- The Day of Atonement happens to be on the 23rd of September.

2- The Pope’s visit to the USA which happens on the 23rd.

3- Jade Helm’s conclusion which falls on the 15th.

4- Jewish Shmitah. (Claims that economic termoil always follows the Shmitah)

5- There’s a guy in Puerto Rico called Efrain Rodriguez who’s saying that a huge meteor will fall near Puerto Rico this September.

6- The date September 23rd appears in tons and I mean tons of movies and TV shows.

7- Some french politician or scientist said in 2013 that we have 500 days to avoid climate chaos. Coincidentally these 500 days end on September 24.

8- Rabbi Kanievsky, A very revered Jewish Rabbi has been recently announcing that the return of the Messiah (which we know as the Antichrist) is imminent, and he’s calling all the Jews to migrate to the land of Israel.

9- Obama the Mahdi??? Look into that, you’ll be surprised what you read.

10- The Blood Moon tetrad which started in 2014 will end with the final Blood Moon on September 28th 2015.

Continue reading…


Key events in September

— Ethiopian New Year’s Celebration: September 11/12

— Ethiopian Christian Feast of The Cross, “Meskel”: September 27

(H. H. Pope Tawadros ll, Head of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Egypt will be in Addis for the celebration – while the Roman Catholic Pope travels to Washington D.C)


Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

ብሩክ የመስቀል በዓል

Posted by addisethiopia on September 25, 2014


ኢትዮጵያና ኢትዮጵያዊነትከሚለው መጽሐፍ የተወሰድ

የመስቀል በዓል በእኛ በኢትዮጵያውያን ዘንድ ብቻ ለምን ይከበራል?

ነገር ከሥሩ፥ ውኃ ከጥሩ!” እንደሚባለው፡ ስለመስቀል ታሪክ ሲወሳ አዳምንና ሔዋንን በሚመለከት ከዚህ የሚከተሉት ቍም ነገሮች ይጠቀሳሉ፤ ይኽውም እኒህ ሁለት የመጀሪያ ሰዎች፦

፩ኛ፦ የአምላክ ልጆች ኾነው በቅንነት እንዲመሩበትና ለዘለዓለም ሕያዋን ሆነው በገነት ተድላ እንዲኖሩበት ከፈጣሪያቸው ከተሰጣቸው የእውነት ቃልና ከተጎናጸፉት መልካም ሕይወት ይልቅ፡ ዲያብሎስ ከተባለው የሓሰት አበጋዝ የቀረበላቸውን የጥፋት ምክር በራሳቸው ምርጫ ተቀብለው በክፋት ዓለም መኖርን መምረጣቸው፥

፪ኛ፦ ቆይተው ግን፡ ከዚህ የኃጢአት ምግባራቸው ፍጹም ተጸጽተው ንስሓ በመግባት የፈጣሪያቸውን ምሕረት መጠየቃቸው፥ እግዚአብሔርም ሊነገር በማይቻል ቸርነቱ ኃጢአታቸውን ይቅር ማለቱ፥

፫ኛ፦ እግዚአብሔር የዚህ ይቅርታቸው መገለጫ በሆነው በአንድ ልጁ፡ በኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ቤዛነት እነርሱንና የእነርሱን ፈለግ የተከተልን እኛን ዘሮቻቸውን በፈቃዳችን ካመጣነው ከዚያ የፍዳ አገዛዝ የኃጢአት ቀንበርና የሞት ዕዳ ካዳነን በኋላ ጥንቱኑ አዘጋጅቶልን ወደነበረው ወደዘለዓለም መንግሥቱ ሕይወት የመለሰን መሆኑ ከሁሉ በፊት መነሻና መሠረት ሆኖ መነገር አለበት።

ይህም ሁሉ ሊሆን የቻለው፡ አዎን! በቀላል አልነበረም፡ እግዚአብሔር ወልድ ከቅድስት ድንግል ማርያም በፍጹም ሰውነት ተወልዶ ያለኃጢአት እውነተኛውን ሰብአዊ ሥርዓት በመኖር ለፍጥረቱ በጎ አርአያ ሆኖ የእግዚአብሔርን መንግሥት ምንነት በትምህርት ገልጦና አምላክነቱ ንም በተአምራት አሳይቶ ልዩ ልዩ ፈተናዎችን አሸንፎና መከራዎችን ተቀብሎ በመስቀል ላይ ራቁቱን ተሰቅሎና ደሙን አፍስሶ ሙቶና ተቀብሮ በመጨረሻ በትንሣኤው ያን ጨንቀኛ ጠላታቸውን ዲያብሎስን ድል በመንሣት ነው።

ከዚህ ጋር በማያያዝ እኔን መከተል የሚወድ ቢኖር ራሱን ይካድ! መስቀሉንም ተሸክሞ ይከተለኝ! ነፍሱን ሊያድን የሚወድ ሁሉ ያጠፉታል! ስለእኒእ ግን ነፍሱን የሚያጠፋ ሁሉ ያገኛታል!” የሚለው የመስቀሉ ጌታ የኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ቃል እና የእርሱ ተከታይ ሓዋርያ ቅዱስ ጳውሎስ፡ በመንፈስ ቅዱስ ተመልቶ፡ የመስቀሉ ቃል ለሚጠፉ ሞኝነት፡ ለእኛ ለምንድን ግን፡ የእግዚአብሔር ኃይል ነው!” በሚል የመክፈቻ አርእስት ስለመስቀል ምስጢር የሰጠው የትርጓሜ ሓተታ አብሮ ሊነገር ይገባል።

የትርጓሜው ሓተታ እንዲህ ነው፦ የአይሁድ ሊቃናት ከካህናቱና ከሕዝቡ ጋር በሰይጣናዊ ቅንዓት ተነሣሥተው በስቅላት ያስገደሉት ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ሥጋው ከተቀበረም በኋላ ቅንዓታቸው ሊበርድ፥ ጭካኔያቸውም ሊረግብ አልቻለም፡ ያ፡ ያሠቃዩት ጌታ ስለፍጥረቱ ቤዛነት የመጨረሻው የፋሲካ በግ ሆኖ የተሠዋበትንና ይህን የመሰለው መለኮታዊ ፍቅር ተፈጽሞ ምስጢሩ የተከሠተበትን እንጨት እንኳ በርኅራኄያቸው ትተው ሊያልፉት አልፈለጉም። ደቀ መዛሙርቱ ሥጋውን ሠርቀው እንዳይወስዱትበሚል ምክንያት መቃብሩን እንዲያስጠብቅላቸው ወደጲላጦስ ሄደው በመማፀንና እርሱም ፈቃዳቸውን በመፈጸም በድኑን ሳይቀር እንዳልተዉት ሁሉ አሁንም በመስቀሉ ላይ የፈጸሙት ግፍ ከዚያ ያላነሰ፥ እንዲያውም የባሰና ወደር የማይገኝለት ሆኖ እንዲቀጥል ማድረጋቸውን እነሆ እንመለከታለን።

ይኸውም፡ መስቀሉ ደብዛው ሳይቀር ጨርሶ እንዲጠፋ ያደረጉበት መሠሪ ዕቅዳቸውና ክፉ ድርጊታቸው ነው። በዚህ ዕቅዳቸው መሠረት ማንም ሰው የራሳቸው የሆኑት ወገኖቻቸው እንኳ ሳይቀሩ ሊጠረጥሩ በማይችሉበት ሁኔታና ሥፍራ፡ መስቀሉን በድብቅ አስወስደው ቀበሩት ያም ሥፍራ ለከተማው የቆሻሻ መጣያ የተመደበው ቦታ ነበር።

በዚህ ድርጊታቸው ሦስት እኩይ ዓላማዎቻቸውን የፈጸሙ መስሏቸው ነበር። ከእነዚህ ዓላማዎቻቸው መካከል፦

፩ኛ፦ የሰማይና የምድር ፈጣሪና ጌታ የሆነው ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ቅዱስ ሥጋው የተቆረሰበትንና ክቡር ደሙ የፈሰሰበትን ምሥዋዕ (መሠዊያ) መስቀሉን ማርከስ ሲሆን፥

፪ኛ፦ ሕዝቡ ሁሉ የቤቱንና የከተማውን ጥራጊና ቁሻሻ በየቀኑ ያለማቋረጥ በማፍሰስና በመጣል መቀበሩን ማንም ሊያውቅ እንዳይችል፡ ምናልባት ቢታወቅ እንኳ ምን ጊዜም ተቆፍሮ እንዳይገኝና እንዳይወጣ ማድረግ ነው፥

፫ኛ፦ መስቀሉን እንዲህ አድርገው በሚቀብሩበት ጊዜ የክፋታቸው መጠን ምን ያህል የጸና መሆኑን የሚያመለክተው ሌላው ገጽታ ይታያል፡ ይኸውም፡ ዕፀ መስቀሉ ምናልባት ተቆፍሮ የተገኘ እንደሆን የዓለም መድኅን የተሰቀለበት እውነተኛው እንጨት የትኛው እንደሆነ ተለይቶ እንዳይታወቅ ለማደናገር ሲሉ፡ በቀኝና በግራ የተሰቀሉትን ወንበዴዎች ብቻ ሳይሆን ሌሎች ወንጀለኞች ጭምር የተሰቀሉበትን እንጨት ከጌታ መስቀል ጋር ደበላልቀው እንዲቀበር ማድረጋቸው ነው።

ዕሌኒ ንግሥትና ልጇ ንጉሥ ቈስጠንጢኖስ

ነቢዩ ዳዊት፡ ጊዜ ገቢር ለእግዚአብሔርእንዳለው፡ እግዚአብሔር ፈቃዱን የሚፈጽምበት፡ ሥራውንም የሚሠራበት ጊዜ ስላለው የዚህ የመስቀሉ ክብርና ኃይል የሚገለጽበት ቀኑ፡ እነሆ ደረሰ። ያም ቀን ምድረ ከነዓንን በማጠቃለል፡ በማእከላዊው ባሕር አካባቢ ያለውንና በዘመኑ ሥጋዊው ሥልጣኔ ዳብሮበታልየተባለውን ዓለም በቄሣርነት የገዛው ቆስጠንጢኖስ በ፫፻፳፭ ዓ.. በእናቱ በንግሥት ዕሌኒ አማካይነት የክርስትናን እምነት ለመቀበል፡ ራሱን ያበቃበት ጊዜ ነበር። በዚያው ዓመት ሃይማኖታዊት የሆነችው ይህችው ንግሥት እናቱ፡ ጌታችን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ተወልዶ አድጎና ኖሮ ተሰቅሎና ሙቶ ተነሥቶና ዐርጎ ተልእኮውን በማከናወን ዘለዓለማዊ የምሕረት ጸጋውን ለሰው ልጆች በቃል ኪድን የሰጠባቸውን ቅዱሳት መካናት ትሳለም ዘንድ ልቦናዋ ተነሣሥቶ ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም እንድትጓዝ ሆነ።

ዕሌኒ ንግሥት፡ ኢየሩሳሌም ገብታ ቅዱሳት መካናትን እየተዘዋወረች ከጎበኘች በኋላ ስለጌታ ቅዱስ መስቀል በጠየቀች ጊዜ መስቀሉ የተቀበረበት ቦታ ባለመታወቁ እስከዚያን ቀን ድረስ የመስቀሉ ነገር የተሠወረ ምሥጢር ሆኖ እንደሚገኝ ተነገራት። በዚያን ጊዜ መስቀሉን በሚመለከት በመንፈሳዊ የፍቅርና የቅንዓት እሳት በነደደ ልቦናዋ የጌታን ሕማማቱንና የተናገራቸውን ቃላት በማዘከር ወደፈጣሪዋ የእንባ ጸሎትን አቀረበች፡ በእርሷ በኩል ምን ማድረግ እንደሚገባት ያመለክቷትም ዘንድ ወደቤተ ክርስቲያን መሪዎችና አገልጋዮች ካህናት በየቦታው ወደዘጉ ባሕታውያን ሳይቀር እየላከች አስጠየቀች።

ከእነርሱም ያገኘችው መልስ፡ ካህናትና ምእመናን በቤተ ክርስቲያን ተሰባስበውና በምሕላ ተጠምደው የዘጉትና የበቁትም በየበዓታቸው ተጠናክረው ኹሉም በያለበት ጾምና ጸሎት በማድረስ፡ መንፈስ ቅዱስ ምስጢሩን እንዲፈታው መጠየቅ መሆኑን የሚያመለክት ነበረ። እርሷም ይህ የተባለው መንፈሳዊ ምግባር ራሷ ጭምር በተካፈለችበት እንዲካሄድ አድርጋ የእግዚአብሔር ጽድቅ የተገለጸበትንና መልካም የምሥራቅ ፍሬ የሆነውን ከዚህ የሚከተለውን መመሪያ ለማግኘት በቃች። ይህም፡ ለመሥዋዕት እንደሚደረግ፡ እንጨት ተረብርቦ እንዲነድና በዚያ ላይ በሱባዔና በምሕላ የተጸለየበት ዕጣን ተጨምሮ ጢስ ቅታሬው ወደሰማይ ከወጣ በኋላ ወደምድር ተወርውሮ የሚተከልበት ያ ቦታ ጌታ የተሰቀለበት እውነተኛው ዕፀ መስቀል የተቀበረበት ሥፍራ መሆኑን አረጋግጦ የሚያሳይ ምልክት ይሁናችሁ!” የሚል ነበር።

በዚህ መሠረት መንፈሳዊቷ ንግሥት ይህንኑ መመሪያ በመከተል የታዘዘው ውጤት ታየ! ከሚነድደው እሳት ተነሥቶ፡ ወደሰማይ የወጣው የዕጣኑ ጢስ ቅታሬ ወደምድር ተመልሶ ከተራራማነት መጠን ደርሶ በነበረ በአንድ ጉብታ ላይ እንደጦር ተወርውሮ ተተከለ! ይህ ተአምር የታየበት ዕለት መስከረም ፲፯ ቀን ፫፻፳፮ ዓ.. ነበር፡ በዚያ ተራራ ላይ የሚደረገው ቁፋሮ በዚሁ ቀን ተጀምሮ ወደጥልቅ እየወረደ ሲቀጥል ከቆየ በኋላ፡ በመጋቢት ፲ ቀን መስቀሎች ተከማችተው ከሚገኙበት ዐዘቅት ተደረሰ!

በዚያ ዐዘቅት ውስጥ ከነበሩት፥ ሳይበሰብሱና መሬት ሳይበላቸው ከተረፉት ጥቂት መስቀሎች መካከል፡ ለካ ጌታችን መድኃኒታችን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ለፍጥረቱ ቤዛ ኾኖ ደሙ የፈሰሰበት እውነተኛው ዕፀ መስቀል አብሮ ይገኝ ኖርዋል! ነገር ግን የትኛው እንደሆነ ለይቶ ለማወቅ እጅግ አዳጋች ሆነ! ይሁን እንጂ፡ ይህን ችግር ለመፍታት ረዥም ጊዜን አልወሰደም፡ ብዙ ድካምንም አልጠየቀም፡ አማናዊው ቅዱስ መስቀል የተለያዩ ተአምራትን በመፈጸምና ራሱን ከሌሎቹ ለይቶ በማቅረብ ማንነቱን በታላቅ ኃይል ገልጦ ሊያሳይ ችሏልና።

ዛሬም፡ እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን ደመራእና መስቀልእያልን በየዓመቱ የማንከብረው በዓል መነሻና ዓላማው ይህ መታሰቢያነቱም ለዚህ መሆኑን እናውቀዋለን።

ንግሥት ዕሌኒ እውነተኛ ክርስቲያንና ጽኑ ሃይማኖታዊት ናት፡ ለክርስቲያኖችም ሁሉ ባለውለታ ነች። በተለይም ለእኛ ለኢትዮጵያውያን፤ ንግሥት ዕሊኒ በኢየሩሳሌም ባሳለፈችው የጥቂት ዓመታት ቆይታዋ የመጣችበትን ቅዱሳት መካናትን የመሳለም ዓላማዋንና ታላቁ ትሩፋትዋ የሆነውን የጌታን ቅዱስ መስቀል አስቆፍሮ የማውጣት ተል እኮዋን ማከናወን ብቻ ሳይሆን በዚሁ ጎልጎታ በተባለውና መስቀሉ በተገኘበት ቦታ ላይ የኢየሩሳሌምን ቤተ ክርስቲያን በአምስት ዓመታት አሠርታ ጨረሰች አሠርታም እንደጨረሰች፡ ምዕራቡን ለሮም (ለግሪኮች) ምሥራቁን ለሓበሾች (ለኢትዮጵያውያን) ሰጠች።

ይህ የኾነው ያለምክንያት አልነበረም። ኢትዮጵያውያን ጥንት ኢየሩሳሌምን ከቈረቈረው አባታቸው ከመልከ ጼዴቅ ጀምሮ እስከ ኢትዮጵያዊት ንግሥታቸው ማክዳ ከዚያም ታላቁ እስክንድር እስከተነሣበት ዘመን ድረስ ከትውልድ ወደትውልድ እየተላለፉ፡ በውርስ የደረሷቸው በኢየሩሳሌም ያሉት የዐፅመርስት ቦታዎችና ንብረቶች በይዞታቸው ሥር ተጠብቀው ይኖሩ ነበረ፤ በእስክንድር ዘመን ግን በእርሱ ሥልጣን ከተተኩት ከአራቱ የጦር አዝማቾቹ አንዱ ወራሽ የነበረው ፬ኛው አንጥያኮስ ኤጲፋንዮስ የተባለው አረማዊ ከክርስቶስ ልደት በፊት በ፩፻፺፰ ዓመት፡ ኢየሩሳሌም ገብቶ ታላቅ ዕልቂትንና ብርቱ ጥፋትን አደረሰ፡ ከዚህ በኋላ ከክርስቶስ ልደት በፊት፡ በ፩፻፺፯ ዓመት፡ መቃብያን በእርሱ አገዛዝ ላይ በዓመፅ ተነሥተው እስኪያስወግዱት ድረስ እነዚህ የኢትዮጵያ ይዞታዎች በዚያ ከሚገኙት ቅዱሳት መካናት መካከል ጠፍ ሆነው ቆይተው ስለነበረ ነው።

ይህን እውነታ ከዚህ ቀጥሎ ያለው ማስረጃ ያረጋግጠዋል። ስሙ ቀደም ብሎ የተጠቀሰው ቆስጦንጢኖስ ከክርስቶስ ልደት በኋላ በ፫፻፳፭ ዓ.ም ግድም በሮም (በቍስጥንጥንያ) ነግሦ እናቱን ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም ልኳት እርሷም ቀደም ብሎ እንደተገለጸው የመጣችበትን የተቀደሰ ዓላማዋን ታላቁን ተልእኮዋንና የሕንፃ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ሥራዋን አከናውና እንደፈጸመች ወዲያው በጊዜው ለነበሩት ክርስቲያኖች ቦታ በምትሰጥበት ጊዜ፡ አብርሃ ወአጽብሓ የተባሉት የዘመኑ የኢትዮጵያ ነገሥታት ወደቆስጠንጢኖስና ወደእናቱ ንግሥት ዕሌኒ እንዲህ ሲሉ ላኩ፦

በኢየሩሳሌም ገዳመ ንጉሥ” [ኋላ በእስላሞች ጊዜ ዴር ሡልጣን] የተባለ አንድ ቦታ የአሕዛብ ነገሥታት ኢየሩሳሌምን እስኪያጠፏት ድረስ ከጥንት ጀምሮ በኢትዮጵያ ነገሥታት እጅ እንደነበረ ከታሪክ አይታችሁ፡ ከሽማግሌም ጠይቃችሁ እንድትመልሱልን እንለምናችኋለን።

ከእናንተ በፊት የነገሡ አሕዛብ እግዚአብሔርን የማይፈሩ ስውን የማይፈሩ ነበሩና፡ እግዚአብሔር ለሕዝቡ አማኝ ንጉሥ እስኪያነግሥ ድረስ ዝም አልን። አሁን ግን እግዚአብሔርን የሚፈራ ለሕዝበ ክርስቲያን የሚራራ ርስትን የሚተክል እንጂ የማይነቅል ቆስጠንጢኖስ የሚባል ደግ ነገሠ!’ የሚል ዜናን ብንሰማ እጅግ በጣም ደስ አለን።

ስለዚህ አንቺም ክብርት ንግሥት ሆይ፥ ደግ ክርስቲያን መኾንሽንና ጌታችን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስን ማፍቀርሽን ሰምተናልና የናት ልመና ፊት አያስመልስ አንገት አያስቀልስ!’ እንደሚባለው ለንጉሡ ልጅሽ ነግረሽ፡ ርስታችንን አስመልሽልን!’ ብለው ወደ ዕሌኒ ንግሥት ላኩ።

እርሷም ይህንኑ ወደልጇ ወደንጉሥ ቆስጠንጢኖስ ልካ አሳወቀችው። ንጉሥ ቆስጠንጢኖስም የኢትዮጵያ ነገሥታት አብርሃ ወአጽብሓ የላኩትን ቃል አይቶ ከታሪክም ተመልክቶ ከሽማግሌዎችም ጠይቆና ተረድቶ የእናቱንም ምክር ሰምቶ በደስታ እሺ!” አለ።

ይኽው በኢየሩሳሌም ቅዱሳት መካናት የኢትዮጵያውያን ርስታቸው የኾነው ቦታ በንጉሥ ቆስጠንጢኖስና በእናቱ በንግሥት ዕሌኒ ትእዛዝ እንደቀድሞው ለኢትዮጵያውያን እንዲመለስ ተደረገ። ከዚያ በኋላ ኢትዮጵያውያን መነኮሳት መኖሪያ ቤት ሠርተው ባገኙት ቤተ ጸሎት እያገለገሉ ቆዩ። ይህም የኾነው ከ፫፻፳፰ ዓ.ም ጀምሮ ነው። እስከዘመነ ተንባላትም ድረስ (ማለትም እስላሞች ሥልጣን እስከያዙበት ጊዜ ድረስ) ከሦስት መቶ ዓመታት ለሚበልጥ ጊዜ በሰላምና በዕረፍት ኖሩ።

የመስቀሉ ነገርና ኢትዮጵያዊው አጼ ዳዊት



Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Happy Meskal 2006

Posted by addisethiopia on September 25, 2013


The Mystery of our Salvation is contained within The Cross of our God and Savior Jesus Christ. And it is correct to say the “Mystery of our salvation,” for what is contained there is more than a cosmic transaction (Christ Jesus pays for our sins): it is also the whole of our way of life. It is truly the Mystery of our salvation.

The extent of this Mystery is hinted at in Christ’s admonition: “Whosoever would be My disciple must deny themselves, take up their cross and follow Me.” This clearly goes much further than a single transaction or even our faith in the efficacy of that transaction.

The mystery is again invoked in St. Paul’s statement: “I am crucified with Christ, nevertheless I live. Yet, not I, but Christ lives in me. And the life that I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.”

The clearest statement of this Mystery is perhaps found in St. Paul’s description of the “mind of Christ” in the second chapter of Philippians:

“Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

Here the Holy Apostle speaks of The Cross in its universal form – the Mystery is being unfolded. To take up our cross and follow The Lord Jesus is to have within ourselves the “mind which is yours in Christ Jesus.” That “mind” (the Greek work is ‘phronema’) is a complete orientation of our life – a life that understands that only in the path of self-emptying are we to find the path of exaltation. Our salvation – our deliverance from the emptiness of death – is found, mysteriously, in our willingness to be empty for Christ’s sake. The way of The Cross is the way of life, and, a way of life. This is the path that Martyrs have traveled. It is the path that everyone who would know love must travel. For love is found in “laying down its life for its friends.”

What we see in The Cross of The Lord Jesus is surely everything we say of it as the moment of our salvation. There The Lord of Glory – Jesus, died for us. There His blood was shed for us. There His life was poured out for the life of the world. There we were reconciled to God.

But The Cross also stands outside of time and for all time (the Lamb was slain “before the foundation of the earth”). The Cross was always the way of life. Love, self-emptying love, was always the love of God for all mankind – though until He made it manifest in the Cross of Christ we did not know it.

But now we know it. And now it should become our mind.

The Ethiopian calendar date Meskerem 17 – (western calendar date is September 27) is the Feast of the Universal Exaltation of the Life-Giving Cross

An additional thought:

The Orthodox Tradition, as it developed in early Church, had a great devotion to The Cross of Christ. It was believed by the Orthodox in Syria that the Shekinah glory of God, which had once dwelt in the Ark of the Covenant and filled the Temple in Jerusalem, also came to reside in The Cross following Christ Jesus death and resurrection. There was thus a very deep and profound devotion for the Cross (any Cross) within Orthodox Christian practice. It serves, I think, as a reminder that The Cross we wear from our Baptism, the sign of the Cross that we make when we pray, and The Cross wherever it is depicted and displayed, should be approached with great reverence and care. It is not (as the popular culture would make it) jewelry for the decoration of our bodies nor mere art. It is the sign of our salvation and the mystery of its power was ever held in great reverence by early Christians and everywhere to this day by Orthodox Christians.




Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Happy Meskel

Posted by addisethiopia on September 22, 2012

Meskel is celebrated by dancing, feasting and lighting a massive bonfire known in Ethiopian tradition as “Damera”. Meskel commemorates the finding of the True Cross in the fourth century when Empress Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, discovered the True Cross on which Christ was crucified. The feast is celebrated in Ethiopia on September 17 Ethiopian calendar (September 27 Gregorian calendar), 6 months after the discovery of the True Cross. The celebration of Meskel signifies the presence of the True Cross at mountain of Gishen Mariam monastery and also symbolizes the events carried out by Empress Helena.

According to tradition, Empress Helena lit incense and prayed for assistance to guide her. The smoke drifted towards the direction of the buried cross. She dug and found three crosses; one of them was the True Cross used to crucify Jesus Christ. Empress Helena then gave a piece of the True Cross to all churches, including the Ethiopian Church. This piece was then brought to Ethiopia. According to the Ethiopian legend, when people get close to the piece of the True Cross it made them naked by its powerful light. Because of this, a decision was made to bury it at the mountain of Gishen Mariam monastery in Wollo region. The monastery of Gishen Mariam holds a volume of a book which records the story of the True Cross of Christ and how it was acquired.


Posted in Ethiopia | Tagged: , , , , , | 3 Comments »

%d bloggers like this: