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Posts Tagged ‘Life’

አሳዛኝ ኤርትራውያን/ኢትዮጵያውያን ስደተኞች | እኔ በሕይወት ውስጥ ዕድለኛ አይደለሁም

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 15, 2020

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

If You Love Something, Love it Completely, Cherish it, Say it, But Most Importantly, Show it.

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 14, 2019

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Posted in Love | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

The Water Footprint of Humanity

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 15, 2012



A fascinating study from the University of Twente (Netherlands) , UNESCO-IHE 

by Arjen Hoekstra and Mesfin Mekonnen

Background

Since the Dublin Conference in 1992, there is consensus that the river basin is the appropriate unit for analyzing freshwater availability and use. An underlying hypothesis of the research programme at the University of Twente is that it is becoming increasingly important to put freshwater issues in a global context. Although other authors have already argued thus, we add a new dimension to the argument. Local water depletion and pollution are often closely tied to the structure of the global economy. With increasing trade between nations and continents, water is more frequently used to produce exported goods. International trade in commodities implies long-distance transfers of water in virtual form, where virtual water is understood as the volume of water that has been used to produce a commodity and that is thus virtually embedded in it. Knowledge about the virtual-water flows entering and leaving a country can cast a completely new light on the actual water scarcity of a country. For example, Jordan imports about 5 to 7 billion m3 of virtual water per year, which is in sharp contrast with the 1 billion m3 of water withdrawn annually from domestic water sources. This means that people in Jordan apparently survive owing to the import of water-intensive commodities from elsewhere, for example the USA.

A second hypothesis of the research programme is that it becomes increasingly relevant to consider the linkages between consumption of people and impacts on freshwater systems. This can improve our understanding of the processes that drive changes imposed on freshwater systems and help to develop policies of wise water governance. In 2002 Hoekstra introduced the water-footprint concept as an indicator that maps the impact of human consumption on global freshwater resources. The water footprint of an individual or community is defined as the total volume of freshwater that is used to produce the goods and services consumed by the individual or community. A water footprint can be calculated for any well-defined group of consumers, including a family, business, village, city, province, state or nation. The water footprint of a nation for example shows water use related to consumption within a nation. Traditionally, national water use has been measured as the total freshwater withdrawal for the various sectors of the economy. By contrast, the water footprint shows not only freshwater use within the country considered, but also freshwater use outside the country’s borders. It refers to all forms of freshwater use that contribute to the production of goods and services consumed by the inhabitants of a certain country. The water footprint of the Dutch community, for example, also refers to the use of water for rice production in Thailand (insofar as the rice is exported to the Netherlands for consumption there). Conversely, the water footprint of a nation excludes water that is used within the national territory for producing commodities for export, which are consumed elsewhere.

Objective of the programme

The objective of the research programme is to examine the critical links between water management and international trade and between consumption and freshwater impacts. Questions posed are: Can trade enhance global water use efficiency, or does it simply shift the environmental burden to a distant location? Does import of water in virtual form offer a solution to water-scarce nations or does this result is undesired ‘water dependency’? How can quantitative analysis of expected or desirable trends in international or inter-regional virtual water flows contribute to water policy development at different levels of spatial scale? How can water footprint accounting become part of the regular practice of governments and businesses and how can it feed into better water policy making? How can water security of communities can be guaranteed by a combination of policies to bring along changes at local, basin and global level? How will the growing demand for bio-energy increase the global water footprint of humanity? Questions like these and others are being addressed in various sub-projects, involving MSc and PhD students from various parts of the world.

Continue reading…

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Water Is Life

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 30, 2008

 

ድሃ ውሃ ከየት አገኘ?

ከነዚያ ደናግላን ሁሉ አንዲት ገረድ ብቻ ይዛ በተዘጋጀላት አልጋ ስትተኛ ሰሎሞን ለአሽከሩ ውሃውን ቀድቶ ከኩሽኩሽት እንደገባ እንዲያደርግ አዞት አስቀመጠ፡፡

በመካከል ንግሥቲቱ ውሃ በመጠማቷ ገረድዋን ከተኛችበት ቀስቅሳ ከንጉሡ አጠገብ ካለው ኩስኩስት (ውሃ ማስቀመጫ) ውሃ እንድታመጣላት ታዛታለች፡፡ ንጉሥ ሰሎሞን እንቅልፍ ሲይዘው ዓይኑ የሚያይ ይመስል አይጨፈንም፡፡ ከእንቅልፉ ሲነቃም ያንቀላፋ ይመስላልና ዓይኑን ይከድን ነበር ይባላል፡፡ በመሆኑም ንግሥቲቱ የመጣለትን ውሃ ስትጠጣ ሰሎሞን እጅዋን ለቀም ያደርግና ምነው መሓላውን አፈረስሽቢላት ብልህ ስትሆን ሳለ ምነው እንዲህ ያለውን ተራ ነገር መናገር፣ ውሃ ሊጠጡ መሃላ ይፈርሳልን? ስትለው ከውሃ የሚበልጥ ምን ገንዘብ አለ፣ ምድር በውሃ ላይ ፀንታለች፡፡ ሰማይም በውሃ ላይ ቆሟል፡፡ ሰው፣ እንስሳ፣ አራዊት፣ ሣር እንጨቱ፣ በውሃ ይኖራል፣ ይለመልማል ያብባል፣ ይፈራል ቢላት በዚህ ንግግሩ ተረታና ድንግልናዋን አስገስሳ ዕብነ ሐኪምን (ቀዳማዊ ምኒልክን) እንደፀነሰችና እንደወለደች ይነገራል፡፡

ውሃን በተመለከተ ስለ ንግሥተ ሳባና ንጉሥ ሰለሞን በትውፊት ሲነገር ቆይቷል፡፡ በልብ ወለድም፣ በታሪክም ተጽፏል፡፡ የውሃ ጥም ጥናቱ፣ አስከፊነቱ ሲታሰብ ንግሥተ ሳባን ልብ ይሏል፡፡ 500 የሴት ደናግል አስከትላ ጥበብን ለመማር ከሠራዊቷ ጋር ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም ከደረሰች በኋላ በአንድ ሌሊት በቤተ መንግሥቱ አዳራሽ ሲጨዋወቱ አምሽተው፣ አብረን እንሁን ቢላት ካንተ ማደር እፈራለሁ ድንግል ነኝ፣ በድንግልና ካልኖርሁ መንግሥቴ ይሻራል አለችው፡፡ አምርሮ ቢይዛት ተላልፌ አልደፍርሽም ብለህ ማልልኝ አለችው፡፡ እርሱም መልሶ አንቺም ተላልፌ ገንዘብን አልነካም ስትይ ማይልኝ ብሏት ተማማሉ፡፡

 

 

Posted in Ethiopia | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Don’t Worry!

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 25, 2008

 

“Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Is not life more important than food, and the body more important than clothes?

Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not much more valuable than they? Who of you by worrying can add a single hour to his life? “And why do you worry about clothes? See how the lilies of the field grow. They do not labor or spin. Yet

I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? So do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well. Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own”  (Matthew 6:25-34)

Posted in Faith | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

 
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