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Posts Tagged ‘Health’

Senior Doctors Discussing How to Artificially Raise Covid Numbers to Make Public Scared Enough to Vaccinate

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on September 14, 2021

😈 ፍርሃት የሰው ሠራሽ ዲያብሎስ መሣሪያ ነው

SHOCK VIDEO: Senior doctors and a marketing director at in North Carolina discussed inflating COVID-19 numbers by counting recovered patients as active COVID patients. “We need to be… more scary to the public… If you don’t get vaccinated, you know you’re going to die.”


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A Wise Man’s Cure: Frankincense is For Life, Not Just For Christmas

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 4, 2015

At this time of year it is hard to escape the Three Wise Men, riding their camels across Christmas cards and appearing in miniature form in countless school nativity plays across the world, bearing their gifts for the infant Jesus. Whilst we are all familiar with gold, it is the mention of frankincense and myrrh that really says “Christmas” to us and and takes our imaginations back to ancient times. But you might be surprised to learn that these two fragrances are still big business today; for example, Ethiopia alone trades around 4000 tonnes of frankincense every year. This is all the more remarkable because a single tree from which the resin is harvested will typically yield about 200g per year. The main international trade comes from a tree called Boswellia papyrifera, and Ethiopia is the main exporting country.

Frankincense is harvested by wounding the bark of trees and collecting the resin that is subsequently released from the wound, a process known as tapping. Tapping is carried out at several spots along the stem, using a traditional type of tool that resembles a chisel. The procedure is repeated in 8 tapping rounds during the dry season, which lasts about 8 months. But high demand means that many trees are being over-exploited and populations are at risk of dying out, threatening the livelihoods of villagers who depend on them.

But help may be on hand as the results of a new study by botanists from Ethiopia and the Netherlands led by Motuma Tolera, which could secure a future for the trees by revealing the anatomy of the resin secretory system.

Motuma Tolera explains, “In some areas, the high demand for frankincense is causing over-tapping, which is bad for a couple of reasons. Tapping the tree creates wounds in the stem that take resources to be healed, and more wounds create more opportunities for insects to attack the tree. It’s not a surprise that some trees die. This is bad for the tree but also for the people living in those areas, since they depend on the resin production, both economically and culturally.

One of the problems is the lack of knowledge of the type, architecture and distribution of resin producing, storing and transporting structures in the tree. Such knowledge is needed for improved tapping techniques in the future.”

The study, published this month in the Annals of Botany, provides this detailed knowledge for the first time.

Motuma Tolera said, “What we found was a 3-D network of inter-connected canals in the inner bark. Most of these canals are within a very narrow region of the inner bark, in a zone that is less than 7 millimeters thick. These allow for the transport of resin around the tree. We also found a few canals connecting deep into the xylem, the heart of the tree.”


The findings will have practical applications for the people of Ethiopia and other frankincense producers. Traditional tapping starts with a shallow wound, from which a relatively small amount of resin is released. The wound is then re-opened later with a cut that goes a bit deeper and more resin is collected – a process that is repeated over and over again. The amount of resin collected peaks after about 5 rounds of tapping, which the study suggests is the point at which the wound reaches the main region of resin canals.

Motuma Tolera says, “Our results suggest that tapping can become more efficient. A cut that goes deeper, earlier in the tapping cycle, may drain the resin more effectively. Since the 3-D resin canal network may allow for long distance movement of resin when it is intact, this would be an option to reduce the number of cuts, and reduce the damage to the trees. New studies will be needed to show how such improvements may keep trees healthy but still productive for resin production. This opens new ways for a more sustainable frankincense production system.”

It’s nice to discover something new, but here we also have the opportunity to give something back to the people who helped us with the study. I hope everyone in Lemlem Terara, but also elsewhere in Ethiopia, will benefit from what we have found in the future.” Tolera says.

The team hope the results mean more Boswellia trees will live to see next Christmas.



Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Too Much Salt? Global Sodium Consumption and Death from Cardiovascular Causes

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on August 14, 2014



Absolute Cardiovascular Mortality Attributed to Sodium Consumption of More than 2.0 g per Day in 2010, According to Nation

High sodium intake increases blood pressure, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the effects of sodium intake on global cardiovascular mortality are uncertain.

Across nine regions of the world, the absolute rate of sodium-associated deaths from cardiovascular causes was highest in Central Asia and Eastern and Central Europe

Across individual nations, substantial variation was evident. Sodium-associated cardiovascular mortality was highest in the country of Georgia (1967 deaths per 1 million adults per year; 95% uncertainty interval, 1321 to 2647) and lowest in Kenya (4 deaths per 1 million adults per year; 95% uncertainty interval, 3 to 6)

Proportional cardiovascular mortality ranged from 27.4% in Mauritius (95% uncertainty interval, 18.8 to 35.9) to 0.3% in Kenya (95% uncertainty interval, 0.2 to 0.4)

Among the 30 most populous nations (Fig. S6 in the Supplementary Appendix), the highest sodium-associated cardiovascular mortality was in Ukraine (1540 deaths per 1 million adults per year; 95% uncertainty interval, 1017 to 2099), and the highest proportional mortality was in China (15.3% of all cardiovascular deaths; 95% uncertainty interval, 10.5 to 20.2).




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Stay Away from Camel Milk and Egyptian Tomb Bats

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 3, 2014

A deadly SARS-like virus is sweeping the Middle East — could it go global? 
Anxiety runs deep in Saudi Arabia these days. A SARS-like disease that kills a third of those it infects is suddenly, and mysteriously, surging inside the kingdom. The country is struggling for answers — and so are its neighbors.
Gods-WrathIt’s called the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and though the majority of the cases have been found in Saudi Arabia, 14 other countries have reported instances. Make that 15: Egypt just reported a case at the end of April. 
The virus first emerged in the eastern oasis town of Al-Ahsa in the spring of 2012. But not until April 2014 did it seem likely to be a pandemic: That is to say, nearly halfof all cumulative cases since 2012 have occurred in Saudi Arabia in April 2014. As of April 29, the kingdom reported a total of 345 cases since the virus first emerged — 105, or 30 percent, of them have proved fatal. Seventy-three cases have been reported outside Saudi Arabia, and nearly all those cases have been linked to travel to the kingdom.
Among those cases, at least two were among religious pilgrims: The first pilgrim, from Malaysia, reportedly drank camel’s milk in Jeddah before returning home, and the second pilgrim, from Turkey, died last week in Mecca. But a considerable number of cases — nine out of the 14 reported in April — have included foreign workers, such as nurses, domestic workers, and oil industry employees. Most of these workers have stayed in Saudi Arabia for their treatment, though the Philippines issued a health alert after an infected nursereturned to Manila.
And this sudden surge — both inside and outside Saudi Arabia’s borders — has put pressure on the Saudi government. Health Minister Abdullah al-Rabeeah was fired on April 21, replaced by Labor Minister Adel Fakeih, who now leads two ministries. In keeping with his labor portfolio, Fakeih immediately expressedspecial concern about the disproportionate toll the SARS-like virus is taking among health-care workers, ordering transfer of all the kingdom’s MERS cases to King Saud Hospital in north Jeddah, where they will be treated under severe infection-control conditions. Between March 20and April 26, some 29 percent of Saudi MERS cases and deaths were among health-care workers. Even King Abdullah changed his summer plans to visit hospitalized patients in a Jeddah hospital.
The Saudi Health Ministry has lost a great deal of credibility, as rumors have spread of incompetence, coverups, and lost records. (And much of the information has moved through social media. I’ve even received tweets from people all over the world claiming that Saudi health officials have documented MERS cases as “heart attacks” and that nurses fear for their safety amid stock-outs of protective gear.) Local physicians began reporting a surge in Jeddah and Riyadh as early as April 1, but then-Health Minister Rabeeah issued this unequivocal statement: “Jeddah: the novel coronavirus situation is reassuring and thankfully does not represent an epidemic.” The daily tollsof cases and deaths have been increasingly confusing, as outside health agencies and reportersstruggle to make sense of updates from Riyadh. Recently the Washington Post‘s editorial board cried out for accurate, transparent information from the kingdom.
The elevated concern in the kingdom reflects a significant jump in the number of cases between April 15 and 21, when 49 new MERS patients were hospitalized, mostly in the city of Jeddah. The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a statement of “concern” noting:
“Approximately 75% of the recently reported cases are secondary cases, meaning that they are considered to have acquired the infection from another case through human-to-human transmission,” WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Dr Ala Alwan said. “The majority of these secondary cases have been infected within the healthcare setting and are mainly healthcare workers, although several patients are also considered to have been infected with MERS-CoV while in hospital for other reasons.”
MersCoronaVirusAccording to the WHO, cases have now been found in Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the United Kingdom, Tunisia, Malaysia, Yemen, and the Philippines. Egypt also reported its first case in April.
The political stakes are high for King Abdullah and the Saudi royal family as they are the keepers of the most sacred sites of Islam: Mecca, Medina, and Jeddah. Every year, starting in late spring and extending roughly to October, millions of Muslim pilgrims descend upon the sacred cities for the religious observances of umrah and the hajj. It is the duty of the king and his royal family to provide safe and healthy passage to all pilgrims. In addition, Saudi Arabia is absolutely dependent on foreign workers to sustain everything from basic construction and household labor to the advanced engineering of the kingdom’s petrochemical industry and oil fields. According to the International Labor Organization, in 2006 the kingdom had a total workforce of about 7.5 million, 54 percent of whom were foreign. In 2013, however, the Saudi government expelled thousands of foreign workers, so these numbers may not reflect current trends.
Worry in the Philippines since the return of an infected national has grown high enough that the government has issued “do not panic” bulletins in Manila. Nevertheless, fewer Filipinos are reportedly applying for Saudi jobs. And on April 14, after five Filipino nurses were quarantined in the United Arab Emirates following their exposure to a MERS patient, the Philippines’ Department of Foreign Affairs urged Filipinos in the Middle East to “take precautions.”
The sharp rise in cases has scientists and Saudi authorities asking a raft of the usual outbreak questions:
Has the virus changed, adapting genetically to the human species in a way that makes it more infectious?
Has the virus changed, adapting genetically to the human species in a way that makes it more infectious? Is this surge due to laboratory artifacts or some changes in testing practices in Saudi Arabia?
Verification tests in Europe of the Saudi diagnoses rule out laboratory error or changes in diagnostic methods as explanations for the surge. On April 26 a German team completed genetic analysis of strains from three patients diagnosed in the new surge, comparing those genomes to earlier MERS strains. No significant differences were found — certainly none that could lay responsibility for the surge on viral mutation. Nevertheless, many news organizations and individual scientists have speculated, without evidence, that the spike in cases signals viral adaptation to the human species.
The WHO has offered to mobilize an international team of scientists to assist the Saudis in doing the detective work to determine why this surge is unfolding and what can be done about it. To date the Saudi government has frustrated many outside scientists who have tried to help on the ground or offer epidemiological insights from afar. But thesorts of data the scientists say they need — such as the occupations of infected individuals, travel details prior to infection, details regarding possible exposure to camels or other animals — the Saudi government has not provided for most cases. Even leading Saudi news organizations have called for greater transparency from government officials. “What has been shocking and extremely disturbing are the countless stories and rumors that have spread just as quickly and just as aggressively as the virus itself,” an author wrotein the Saudi Gazette.
So why is the surge happening now? MERS is a coronavirus, part of a family of microbes that includes SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome). Clues to the largely mysterious natural history of MERS, how it spreads, and where it comes from may well lay with the SARS saga. The SARS virus is a fruit-bat microbe that causes no harm to the flying animals. The 2002 and 2003 human epidemic was preceded in the late fall of 2002 by an outbreak in captive civets, sold for exotic meals in live-animal markets throughout China’s southern Guangdong province. It is not certain how the civets originally acquired SARS, but animal hunters and smugglers commonly caged their prey beside one another, possibly putting bats and civets side by side. In February 2003, when I reached the animal market in Guangdong’s megacity, Guangzhou, where the epidemic was spawned, I found thousands of caged, miserable animals stacked atop one another, defecating and urinating upon each other. Moreover, animal dealers — who would blithely grab animals at customers’ requests — handled the civets, possibly cross-contaminating cage after cage. I tracked down the first cluster of SARS cases, centered on a restaurant famed for its civet meals. The people became infected through the handling, slaughter, and cooking of the animals. In the earliest stages of the epidemic in 2002, all human cases were linked to civets or to individuals who handled civets. Once the primary cases entered the hospitals, however, infection spread like wildfire from person to person across the wards and through the health-care worker populations.
Egyptian_tomb_batIn the case of MERS, there is now plentiful evidence that its primary host is another fruit-bat species, the Egyptian tomb bat. Nobody knows why the bat virus only emerged into people in 2012. But it seems that it originated in the Al-Ahsa date-growing oasis town in eastern Saudi Arabia, where the bats nest atop the palm trees. In April 2014, an international research team publishedevidence that bats may be able to carry dangerous viruses like Ebola, SARS, and MERS without harm to themselves because the physical action of flight elevates their metabolism and innate immunity. More sedentary animals — camels and humans, for example — lack the same elevated metabolic impact on their immune systems.
In some manner the bat virus spread to camels, which can be considered the MERS equivalent of civets in the viral chain of transmission. And some of the human MERS cases have been linked to camels. For example, the Malaysian pilgrim who succumbed to MERS visited a camel farm and drank camel milk before taking ill. During the last week of March, an animal traderfrom Abu Dhabi came down with MERS after visiting a camel farm. A Saudi man who contracted MERS was infected with a strain that proved a 100 percent genetic match to the virus extracted from one of his personal camels. And laboratory analysis of camels’ milksamples has found many contaminated with the virus, which appears to be harmless or cause only mild illness in the animals. This week the new Saudi minister of health urged residents of the kingdom to shun camel milkconsumption.
Very recently scientists discovered that camels from as far away as Tunisia, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Sudan test positive for MERSinfection. The geographic area encompassed by these MERS-infected camels perfectly overlaps the North African terrain of Egyptian tomb bats. It would seem that the bat and camel connection for MERS is an ancient one that may have led to the occasional human case — even death — over the centuries, occurring sporadically but undetected.
CaMilkFinally, on the camel front, it must be noted that only a small minority of MERS patients have had histories of contact with the animals or consumption of their milk. While the camel connection may explain sporadic cases, the vast majority of MERS cases seem to have been acquired by other means.
Al-Ahsa, where MERS emerged, is surrounded by desert. Where there is spring water, orderly and well-tended palm orchards stand, without competition from other vegetation. Date farming is an enormous business for Saudi Arabia, with farmworkers shooing away bats to tend to the trees at key points in the growing season. In April, date farmworkers scale the trees, reaching the very tops to carry out pollination work, a labor-intensive activity that entails removing the male components of the plant, shaving out the pollen, sprinkling pollen on the female portions of the tree, and tying and clipping the now-fertilized sections in a manner that increases fruit yield. If MERS-infected Egyptian tomb bats or their leavings are present, the workers will likely be exposed. Late March and the month of April comprise a time of especially intense work in the date palms and potential exposure to the bats and their leavings.
Remarkably little is known about the behavior of these bats, though it seems April and May is breeding seasonfor the animals and June is birthing time, when a single progeny per female bat is born, and fiercely defended.
Farmworkers will return to the treetops in June, as the fruits are getting larger, to fend off bats and other pests and to wrap the fruit clusters in protective mesh. And their third potential period of exposure to bats will come in late summer and early fall, for the harvest.
There was no surge in MERS cases in 2013 at this time, but that may reflect labor issues in the kingdom. Early in 2013, Saudi Arabia enacted a tough new labor law and tossed thousands of workers out of the country. Hardest hit was the agricultural sector, which relied heavily on foreign migrant labor. The labor crunch for the date industry was so acute that the entire harvest of 2013 was threatened and last fall a 30-day amnesty was decreed specifically for date workers. The action came too late for the full range of activities necessary for an ideal yield, including the April pollination work, and date prices soared. This year date growers lobbied hard for early labor exemptions, hoping to bring in a large harvest.
If this cycle is, indeed, at the root of this year’s seasonal surge in MERS, it mirrors what has been seen with another bat disease, Nipah, in Bangladesh. I visited a Bangladeshi village that had been hard hit by the disease in 2010. Grieving parents whose children died of Nipah showed me where the bats nested high in the palm-oil trees, sucking sweet oil from the catch devices farmers hung — something like maple tree taps. During the day the family’s children climbed up to drink the sweet oil, becoming infected by contacting parts of the tree the bats had defecated and urinated on.
By all accounts, King Fahd Hospital in Jeddah was the scene of chaos and hysteria on April 1.
By all accounts, King Fahd Hospital in Jeddah was the scene of chaos and hysteria on April 1. That day, six ailing nurses and a physician were diagnosed with MERS, sparking an outcry from the entire hospital staff. One of the nurses came down with the disease just days after his wedding, leading authorities to insist the source of the cluster of cases was not the hospital, but the feast. The accusation only fanned the fire, and some physicians quit their jobs, decrying unsafe working conditions for those treating MERS patients.
Clusters like this of transmission are surfacing inside hospitals in Saudi Arabia, with some 75 percent of cases in the April surge being human-to-human transmission, about a third of them health-care employees. Nearly all public information about hospital spread has come from the Ministry of Health hospitals — public facilities that service foreign workers, migrant laborers, and average Saudis. But ministry facilities account for less than half of the MERS cases. On April 15, for example, the Health Ministry released this breakdown for then-hospitalized MERS cases:
  • Ministry of Health hospitals: 72

  • Department of Defense hospitals: 39

  • National Guard hospitals: 30

  • Security forces hospitals: 4

  • Saudi Aramco hospitals: 14

  • Private hospitals: 20

  • University hospitals: 5

  • King Faisal specialist hospitals in Riyadh and Jeddah: 10

  • Total: 194

Combined, the military, security forces, and royal family facilities accounted for 83 cases, about which little is known. If MERS is spreading within the security and military ranks, Saudi national security would be an issue, but almost nothing is known about these cases.
On April 15, the National Scientific Committee for Infectious Diseases issued its verdict on the Kang Fahd outbreak and escalation of cases in Jeddah: “The clustering of cases found in the city is actually in line with the nature of the disease, which tends to affect an aggregate of cases, and the infection pattern of the virus does not differ from that in the rest of the kingdom. The members also added that the preparedness of hospitals and health-care facilities follows national and international infection control standards and does not need any additional preparation, as all necessary machines and supplies required to treat cases are available.”
The patent fallacy of the committee’s statement would be revealed in a few days, as MERS case numbers soared.
Some Saudi experts have insisted that proper face masks, alone, reduce transmission risk by 80 percent. The SARS experience would argue against such assurance, as many masked doctors and nurses were infected. The virus spreads via hands, surfaces, stethoscopes, used latex gloves, even contaminated contact lenses. Hospitals in Hong Kong and Singapore stopped the spread of SARS by compelling all staff to work in teams, donning and removing their protective gear under the watchful eyes of co-workers to be sure each step was executed perfectly. On a less sophisticated level, the SARS outbreak in Hanoi was stopped when all patients were removed from the higher-tech French Hospital and placed in the aging, warfare-damaged Bach Mai General Hospital. French Hospital had air-conditioning and high-tech instruments, while Bach Mai’s windows were open, overhead fans moved the muggy tropical air around, and the most acute cases were tended to by SARS survivors.
The guidelines for SARS infection control in clinical settings are well known, detailed, and internationally recognized. Among the WHO recommendations is: “Turning off air conditioning and opening windows for good ventilation is recommended if an independent air supply is unfeasible,” a tough requirement in the Saharan desert heat. Half of the roughly 8,500 SARS victims in 2002 and 2003 were health-care workers, but the rates of hospital infection varied widely, depending on the physical conditions of the facility (French Hospital versus Bach Mai in Hanoi) and the institutions’ long-standing infection-control standards.
The question now is: Will the virus go global? MERS is at least three times more lethal than SARS. About 31 percent of MERS patients have eventually succumbed versus 8 percent of SARS cases. SARS spread to 31 countries, causing serious epidemics and spectacular economic stress in half of them, especially China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Canada, and Vietnam. In Canada, where 40 percent of the 375 SARS cases were hospital personnel, the globalization of SARS was especially sobering: One of the wealthiest, most advanced nations on Earth struggled mightily to stop the virus’s spread. The also technically advanced Chinese University hospital in Hong Kong was ripped apart by grief, with three of its staff sickened by the disease in the first two months of the region’s epidemic.
The specter of a SARS-like, 31-nation, 8,500-patient MERS pandemic is three times more horrible, due to the greater virulence of the virus.
Without knowing the relative roles date palm farming, Egyptian tomb bats, camels, hospitals, and other possible factors play in the spread of MERS in Saudi Arabia, it is extremely difficult to predict the pandemic potential of this disease. Clearly, spread inside hospitals is transpiring and must be stopped before the world can possibly breathe a sigh of relief. This will require a great deal more than face masks and the scanty patient information released to date by Saudi authorities.
But the vast majority of MERS cases remain mysteries: How did patients get infected? What were their professions, living conditions, recent travels, and family situations? Have there been clusters of transmission outside clinical settings, such as within households, workplaces, military barracks, or schools? Saudi health authorities simply mustfind and release far more detail on the known patients and their contacts.
Parallels with the ongoing Ebola epidemic in Guinea and Liberia abound. In both cases the virus spreads easily inside health-care settings, putting other patients and doctors and nurses in peril. Both viruses can be protected against, however, with fairly basic infection-control procedures and quarantine. Ailing patients with both viruses are limited to palliative care, as no magic-bullet drugs or vaccines exist for either virus. And in both Ebola and MERS scenarios, a poorly understood cycle of transmission from bats to intermediary animals and then to humans is responsible for introducing the virus — perhaps repeatedly — to our species. Mysteries abound.
But one crucial difference between MERS and Ebola must be underscored: the respective settings of the outbreaks. Today, Ebola is unfolding in one of the poorest, remotest, most difficult locations on Earth, one rarely visited by tourists, traders, or travelers. It is highly unlikely that an infected Ebola victim will have the capacity to board a jet headed to nearby Nigeria, much less London, Paris, Beijing, or Los Angeles.
But MERS is unfolding in one of the wealthiest countries on the planet, in an unusual kingdom built on black gold, dependent on the labors of tens of thousands of foreigners, and host to one of the modern world’s most holy set of shrines, visited by more than a million people annually from nearly every country on Earth. And it is a kingdom nestled in the midst of the world’s most difficult, war-torn region, where hundreds of thousands of refugees live in danger and squalor, riots and civil tension periodically erupt, mass migrations of populations are routine, and governance cooperation between nations is nearly absent, for everything, even public health.
MERS Coronavirus Mystery: Virus Found in Camels
The Saudis will have to do two things to stop MERS progressing from epidemic to pandemic proportions. One, stop drinking camel’s milk. That is the easy part. Two, stop speaking Arabic. This is the hard part. The trouble with Arabic is that it has a guttural speech pattern, whereby for certain consonants the speaker has to draw in air deep into his/her lungs and then exhale it through the throat, thereby articulating that unique guttural sound from deep inside the oral cavity. Another problem with Middle Eastern speakers is that they maintain a very close conversational spatial distance with each other. Can you imagine what would happen if one person coughs or sneezes into the face of another person just as the latter is about to utter a guttural sound? For that matter, French speakers too have to watch out.”  LOL!



Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Queen of The Fruits: Mango is The New Diabetes and Cancer Buster

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 21, 2013

The most popular fresh fruit in the world, mangoes are a whole lot more than just a delicious, refreshing treat produced by nature. As evidenced by copious scientific research, mangoes are a powerful medicinal food, and:

  • contain nutrients that can help clear up skin

  • promote eye health

  • stave off diabetes

  • prevent the formation and spread of cancer

QueenMangoResearch recently presented at a meeting of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB), for instance, revealed that eating mangoes every day can help moderate and even lower blood sugar levels, despite their natural sugar content. This is good news for people with type 2 diabetes who may benefit from consuming mangoes regularly as part of a low-sugar diet.

For their study, researchers tested the effects of mangoes on a group of obese animals, some of whom were given 10 grams of freeze-dried mango every day for 12 weeks. At the end of three months, the blood sugar levels of those animals that consumed mango were compared to those that did not consume mango. Based on the data, mango consumption was found to result in a significant decline in blood sugar levels.

“Although the mechanism by which mango exerts its effects warrants further investigation, we do know that mangoes contain a complex mixture of polyphenolic compounds,” says Dr. Edralin Lucas, Ph.D., author of the study.

Similar research out of Australia found back in 2006 that eating mango can also help decrease inflammation and resulting high cholesterol, as well as block the formation of various health conditions included under the banner of metabolic syndrome. In essence, mangoes actually work better than cholesterol drugs at naturally balancing and optimizing cellular function throughout the body.

“We don’t know yet how the whole thing’s going to play out but we know some of the individual components (of mango) activate these receptors and even inhibit them,” said a doctor from University of Queensland about the effects of mango consumption on cellular processes. “That could end up with positive nutritional health benefits for diabetes and high cholesterol.”

And again in 2011, researchers from Oklahoma State University found that mango consumption helps lower insulin resistance and improve glucose tolerance in test mice. The same study also found that mangoes help normalize lipid levels throughout the blood, which in turn can help prevent the development of cardiovascular disease.

Eating mangoes can also help you avoid cancer

But the health benefits of mango do not stop here. Science has identified more than 4,000 different antioxidant polyphenols in the plant kingdom, and many of these polyphenols are present in mangoes. The primary benefit of these polyphenols is that they scavenge damaging free radicals and protect cells against damage, which is believed to facilitate and even promote cancer.

“If you look at [mango] from the physiological and nutritional standpoint, taking everything together, it would be a high-ranking superfood,” says Dr. Susanne Talcott, who together with her husband discovered back in 2010 that mango compounds target both colon and breast cancer cells.

“What we found is that not all cell lines are sensitive to the same extent to an anticancer agent. But the breast and colon cancer lines underwent apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Additionally, we found that when we tested normal colon cells side by side with the colon cancer cells, that the mango polyphenolics did not harm the normal cells.”

In other words, mango compounds effectively target and eliminate harmful cancer cells while leaving healthy cells alone, a phenomenon that is unique to nature and nowhere to be found in pharmaceutical-based medicine. Chemotherapy and radiation, for instance, which are the two most popular conventional treatments for cancer, damage healthy cells along with malignant cells, which is why the treatments are a failure as far as long-term survival is concerned.


World Mango Production

For more information about fresh mango varieties and availability, storage, handling tips, recipes and nutrition, visit

This African Fruit Produces the World’s Most Intense Natural Color

Pollia-condensataThe tiny, rock-hard fruits of Pollia condensata, a wild plant that grows in the forests of Ethiopia, Mozambique, Tanzania and other African countries, can’t be eaten raw, cooked or turned into a beverage. In Western Uganda and elsewhere, though, the plant’s small metallic fruits have long been used for decorative purposes because of an unusual property: They stay a vibrant blue color for years or even decades after they’ve been picked. A specimen at the Kew Botanical Gardens in London that was gathered in Ghana in 1974 still retains its iridescent hue.

Intrigued, a team of researchers from Kew, the University of Cambridge and the Smithsonian Natural History Museum decided to look into how this plant produces such a dazzling and persistent color. When they attempted to extract a pigment to study, though, they were surprised to discover the fruit had none.

When they examined P. condensata on a cellular level, they realized that the fruit produces its characteristic color through structural coloration, a radically different phenomenon that is well-documented in the animal kingdom but virtually unknown in plants. They determined that the fruit’s tissue is more intensely colored than any previously studied biological tissue—reflecting 30 percent of light, as compared to a silver mirror, making it more intense than even the renowned color of a Morpho butterfly’s wings. Their findings were revealed in a new study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The vast majority of colors in the biological world are produced by pigments—compounds produced by a living organism that selectively absorb certain wavelengths of light, so that they appear to be the color of whichever wavelengths they reflect. For example, most plants are green because of the pigment chlorophyll, used in photosynthesis, which absorbs most wavelengths of visible light except green, reflecting that color into our eyes. As a consequence, plant colors created by pigmentation appear to be the exact same hue no matter which angle we view them from, and the color degrades when the plant dies.

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Hugging Loved Ones is Healthy and Beautiful

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 3, 2013

Hugging Loved Ones Can Reduce Stress and Lower Blood Pressure

Hug19Almost everyone loves to be hugged – even those that pretend they don’t. Hugging is an immediate way for us to bond with loved ones, and virtually every culture on Earth appreciates the feelings of well-being that arise from a warm physical embrace. According to a new study by scientists at the University of Vienna; however, hugs also have a positive effect on our long-term health – in fact, regularly embracing our loved ones can even lower our blood pressure and stress levels.

The Austrian scientists discovered that the important hormone, oxytocin, was secreted into the bloodstream when a person hugged, or was hugged by, a trusted person. Oxytocin is produced by the pituitary gland, and its release can lower blood pressure, reduce stress, and improve our memory. Usually, the pituitary gland secretes oxytocin during times of intense bonding, such as when a mother is breastfeeding her child or when we are comforting our spouse.

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Good-old Cinnamon (ቀረፋ) May Cut off Cancer’s Blood Supply

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on November 7, 2012

Cinnamon, one of the most ancient spices in human history, appears to have unique cancer-stunting properties, researchers reported in the Dec. 7 issue of the journal Carcinogenesis. Scientists in City of Hope’s Department of Molecular Medicine showed that extracts of the spice may be able to block the growth of blood vessels, called angiogenesis, in tumors.

“We found that a water-based extract from cinnamon was a potent angiogenesis inhibitor,” said Wei Wen, Ph.D., assistant professor of molecular medicine and senior author on the study. Cinnamon comes from the bark of a small evergreen tree.

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Cinnamomum Cinnamon benefits:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Digestion
  • Weight loss
  • Menopause
  • Warms the body
  • Yeast infections
  • Circulation
  • Uterine hemorrhaging
  • Fungal infections

The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

The Cinnamon Adventure

Past Present
Opone Somalia
Malao Somalia
Aksum Empire Ethiopia/Eritrea
Himyarite kingdom Yemen
Frankincense kingdom Hadramaut/Yemen
Rhapta Tanzania/Mozambique
Barygaza India
Early Chera, Chola, etc India




Cyeneum = Cinnamon?

The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea or Periplus of the Red Sea (Greek: Περίπλους τὴς Ἐρυθράς Θαλάσσης, Latin: Periplus Maris Erythraei) is a Greco-Roman periplus, written in Greek, describing navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along Northeast Africa and the Indian subcontinent. The text has been ascribed to different dates between the 1st and 3rd centuries AD, but a mid-1st century date is now the most commonly accepted. Although the author is unknown, it is clearly a firsthand description by someone familiar with the area and is nearly unique in providing accurate insights into what the ancient world knew about the lands around the Indian Ocean.

Although Erythraean Sea (Greek: Ἐρυθρά Θάλασσα) literally means “Red Sea”, to the Greeks it included the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf.

Opposite Mountain Island, on the mainland twenty stadia from shore, lies Adulis, a fair-sized village, from which there is a three-days’ journey to Coloe, an inland town and the first market for ivory. From that place to the city of the people called Auxumites there is a five days’ journey more; to that place all the ivory is brought from the country beyond the Nile through the district called Cyeneum, and thence to Adulis.

Full text of “The Periplus of the Erythræan sea; travel and trade in the Indian Ocean


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Love & Faith Will Boost Your Energy

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 27, 2012


1. Focus on regrets, resentment, or anything which exerts energy fretting about the past.

2. Focus on fears, worries or anything which exerts energy being anxious about the future.

3. Spend time with people who don’t support or believe in you – or worst yet make you doubt your full power.

4. Complain, gossip, scream, hurt someone, devalue someone, lie to someone, cruelly judge someone, feel shame, feel guilt.

5. Eat or drink foods and beverages which don’t digest well with your particular physicality (i.e. dairy, carbs, wheat, gluten, sugar, alcohol – whatever your specific food or beverage kryptonite might be.)

6. Sit around, inactively, not doing anything which makes your heart and soul race with joy.

Truly – all of these things wind up lowering your energy. If you feel sick and tired of how things are in your life, chances are it’s because you’re making yourself sick and tired – by engaging in too many energy leaking things.


1. Focus on sharing love, learning lesson, finding meaning, feeling a purpose, expressing gratitude, harnessing faith, valuing kindness.

2. Focus on being fully in the present moment, living at the speed of life, fully enjoying the people and events around you.

3. Spend time with people who support you and believe in you – and inspire you to believe in your ability to pursue your dreams and grow in new, exciting ways!

4. Eat and drink foods and beverages which increase your energy – like fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, appropriate protein for your body/belief system, caffeine in moderation, and lots of fresh pressed juices daily.

5. Speak positive words, share compliments, offer help, inspire others, express gratitude out loud, make someone feel loved, encouraged someone to be their most authentic self in your company, encourage yourself to feel confident to be your most authentic self wherever you go!

6. Do activities you’re passionate about- which make your heart and soul feel perky – including things like working out, cooking, painting, writing, yoga, hiking, walking, swimming, being in nature, being around art, or reading inspiring books.

Truly – all of these things wind up re-energizing you. So if you’re feeling low on energy – just do an energy-booster from this list!

Again, it doesn’t matter how brilliant, talented, kind, funny, loving or loveable you are! If you feel exhausted, depleted, worn out, frazzled…you won’t be able to fully bring your awesomeness into your career, your relationship, your parenting, your happiness – and all of these aspects of your life will suffer!

So stop leaking your energy! Start boosting your energy instead. Because it’s true: whoever has the most energy wins!



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Coffee Drinkers Have Lower Risk of Death, Study Suggests

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 22, 2012

Older adults who drank coffee — caffeinated or decaffeinated — had a lower risk of death overall than others who did not drink coffee, according a study by researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, and AARP.

Coffee drinkers were less likely to die from heart disease, respiratory disease, stroke, injuries and accidents, diabetes, and infections, although the association was not seen for cancer.

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Green coffee bean extract is a powerful anti-oxidant


While most in society believe that coffee is bad for health this is only a half-truth. Pure green-coffee extract has become one of the top selling weight loss products on the market. Green coffee bean extract has some very good health and performance related benefits.

There are two major types of coffee plants; Arabica (Ethiopia is the birth place of coffee, so why/how on earth do they name this particular coffee, Arabica? Ethiopica would be appropriate. Empasis is mine) and Robusta. The highest quality green coffee bean extract comes from the Arabica/Ethiopica plant which is higher in the polyphenol anti-oxidants chlorogenic and caffeic acids. The majority of coffee drinkers are missing out on much of the benefits that coffee contains. The deep roasting process significantly reduces the anti-oxidant content.

Additionally, coffee is one of the most widely pesticide/herbicide sprayed crops in the world. Studies have shown over 1000 toxic chemicals in roasted coffee. It is essential to use organic coffee that is free of these dangerous chemicals that mimic hormones, congest our liver, kidneys and bowels and promote cancer growth.

Another powerful carcinogen is produced when high temperature cooking (baking, frying & roasting) damages sugars which then interact with the amino acid asparagine. This chemical reaction creates the potent carcinogen acrylamide. Instant and deeply roasted coffee has been shown to have significantly more acrylamide than brewed coffee.

There are many great health benefits associated with coffee consumption. A recent 2011 study indicated that individuals who consumed the most coffee had the lowest risk of type II diabetes. The researchers found that the chlorogenic acid reduces the release and creation of excess glucose in the body.


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They Ask: What’s With # 27?

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on July 27, 2011

The death of popular British singer Amy Winehouse, after a long battle with drink and drugs, means the Londoner joins a growing number of tormented musicians to die at the age of 27.

Known as the “27 Club”, Winehouse joins rock legends legends Jimi Hendrix, Jim Morrison, Kurt Cobain and Brian Jones, who all died at the age of 27.

Kurt Cobain (1967-1994)

The lead singer of band Nirvana, Cobain had a well-known addiction to heroin, and battled with depression. He died in 1994, aged 27, when his body was found by an electrician who had come to install a security system at his house.

He was found with a shotgun, and it was ruled he died from a gunshot wound to the head. The death was concluded to be suicide, although a private investigator hired by wife Courtney Love hinted that the death was in fact murder.

Jim Morrison (1943-1971)

The lead singer of rock band The Doors was found dead in his bath in a Paris flat in 1971, aged 27. Medics that first examined Morrison reported the death as heart failure and ruled out foul play. Therefore, no official post-mortem was ever carried out into the death.

Janis Joplin (1943 – 1970)

Singer Janis Joplin died of a drug overdose on October 4, 1970. The raspy-voiced singer was called “probably the most powerful singer to emerge from the white rock movement in the sixties

Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970)

Hendrix died in 1970, aged 27. An official post-mortem ruled that he choked on his own vomit. However, recently it was claimed he was murdered. James Wright, a roadie with the Animals, made the murder claim in a book. He wrote that Mike Jeffrey, Hendrix’s manager, had admitted that Hendrix had been killed because he wanted to terminate his management contract. It later emerged that Wright made up the claim to boost book sales.

Brian Jones (1942-1969)

Guitar expert and one of the founding members of The Rolling Stones, Jones died in 1969, again aged 27. He became known for his heavy drug addiction, and was replaced in the bank in 1969 by Mick Taylor. Just weeks later, Jones was found dead in a swimming pool in Sussex, England.

A coroner noted that the rock star’s liver and heart were greatly enlarged at the time of death; indicating heavy drug and alcohol use.

  • Thuy Trang – September 3rd 2001 – 27 – car crash

  • Jeremy Ward – May 25, 2003 – 27 – Drug Overdose

  • Keiko – December 12, 2003 – 27 – pneumonia

  • Jean-Michel Basquiat – 08/12/1988 – 27 – drug overdose

  • Ron “Pigpen” McKernan – 03/08/1973 – 27 – liver failure

  • Kristen Pfaff – 06/16/1994 – 27 – drug overdose

  • Freaky Tah/Raymon Rogers – 03/28/1999 – 27 – murder

  • Robert Johnson – August 16, 1938 – 27 – poisoned

It’s now become a rock & roll mystery with each young, rising star lost to drug abuse. Has number 27 something to do with that?

Well, to some, the 27 phenomenon continues to be the subject of study. A book called The 27 Club: The Greatest Myth of Rock & Roll by Eric Segalstad and Josh Hunter dissects the deaths of 34 musicians who died at 27, weaving in everything from astrology and numerology to the teachings of Nietzsche.

Fact is many of these poor, defenseless guys have been possessed by demons, and they were not able to get rid of them accordingly.

Satan hasn’t got tired, yet, he has not changed his tactics and strategies, and still uses both demons and other people to try to get us to fall into various types of sins. But whether we are coming under any kind of direct influence from demons or other people, the choice will always remain with us as to whether or not we will fall for the temptation to sin directly against God.

Demons usually travel in groups or clusters, with one demon being the chief demon and the rest of the demons being his underlings under his direct control and direction.

In many of these types of cases, the chief demon will be a spirit of murder and then he will have his underlings having some of the functions like

  • Murder

  • Hate

  • Rage

  • Anger

  • Violence

  • Death

  • Revenge

  • Destruction

  • Darkness

  • Suicide

  • Abortion

  • Jealousy

  • Sadism

  • Fighting

They will then move in and set up shop on someone if they have the appropriate legal rights to be able to do so, and they will then try and work and play that person over a period of time to either try and get them to kill themselves or other people, or possibly both, as murder-suicides are still very common in this day and age.

Demons cannot make you do anything against your own free will. All they can do is try and persuade you to do it, along with trying to give you the actual desire and compulsion to want to do it. From there, the choice will be up to that person as to whether or not they will want to go all the way through with it and actually act out on these evil desires being implanted into them by the demons.

For example, if demons will try and cause you to either overeat or under eat in order to try and kill you, then this next realm should come as no surprise. This next realm is where you get into the different types of vices and addictions that are out there – and demons love to play this kind of extreme game on anyone they can.

Here are some of the main function names of these kinds of demons:

  • Alcohol

  • Cocaine

  • Heroin

  • Meth

  • Marijuana

  • LSD

  • Anti-prescription drugs

All of these vices can become extreme addictions and they can all shorten our life span, not to mention they can all seriously cripple us and prevent us from being able to properly function in this life and in our specific callings for the Lord.

Get hooked on any of these types of heavier drugs, or get to the point where you have become an alcoholic, and God will then not be able to use you in the calling that He has set up for your life until you can get yourself properly cleaned up and fully delivered.

Again, this is why demons will play this kind of heavy, extreme game with some of us, as they know once they can get a person hooked on these kind of addictive substances, they will then knock that person right out of their divine destinies with the Lord. How may potential great men and women of God have never made it to the starting line with the Lord due to the fact that they could never fully break free from their specific addictions?

Once demons see someone starting to dabble and experiment with the above substances, they will waste no time in trying to move in for the kill, as they know they will have the appropriate legal rights to be able to attach to that person.

This is why experimenting or dabbling with some of the above heavier drugs could get you into major trouble in the spiritual realm, as demons just watch and wait for people to punch a hole in their protective hedges by experimenting with these kinds of forbidden substances.

We need to learn the basics on how demons will try and play mind games with us so they can get us to do their evil bidding. The mind is the battlefield in the area of spiritual warfare, with both demons and God tying to reach our through our mind. God will be trying to transform and renew our mind through His Word, and demons will be trying to reach our mind so they can get us to act out on their evil suggestions.

The Bible has already given us fair warning that Satan and his demons have come to kill, steal, and destroy.

So, let’s fight off the demons!

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