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Posts Tagged ‘Genna’

የሩሲያ መሪዎች በቤተክርስቲያን | አንድ የአገራችን መሪ ግን ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ቤተክርስቲያን የሄደው ከ፵፭/ 45 ዓመታት በፊት ነበር

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 13, 2019

እስኪ አስቡበትአብረን እናስብበትአንድ የኢትዮጵያ መሪ የክርስቶስ የሆነችውን እናት ቤተክርስቲያን የጎበኘው ከአርባ አምስት ዓመታት በፊት ነበር። ዋው!

የኮሙኒዝምን ሥርዓት ሲያገለግሉ የነበሩት የሩሲያው ፕሬዚደንት ቭላዲሚር ፑቲን የሉሲፈራውያኑን ርዕዮተ ዓለም እርግፍ አድርገው በመተው ወደ ክርስቶስ መጥተዋል። በሶቪየት ኮሙኒዝም ጊዜ የቭላዲሚር ፑቲን እናት በቅዱስ ፒተርስቡርግ ከተማ ወደሚገኘው ቤተክርስቲያን በድብቅ ቭላዲሚር ፑቲንን አምጥተዋቸው አስጠምቀዋቸው ነበር። (ቤተክርስቲያን የሚሄዱ ሩሲያውያን ክትትልና አድሎ ይደረግባቸው ነበርና)

በአንድ ወቅት፤ “አንገቴ ላይ ያደርግኳት ይህች መስቀል ሕይወቴን አድናታለች” በማለት መስክረው የነበሩት ፕሬዚደንት ፑቲን በዚሁ በተጠመቁበት ቤተክርስቲያን ነበር ባለፈው እሑድ የገና በዓልን ተመስጠው ሲያከብሩ የሚታዩት። ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ሚድቪዴም ለፀሎት ሦስት ጊዜ ሲያማትቡ ይታያሉ።

ወደ አገራችን ስንመጣ፤ ቪዲዮው ላይ እንደሚታየው፡ አንድ የአገራችን መሪ ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ኢትዮጵያዊቷን ቤተክርስቲያን የጎበኘው ከአርባ አምስት ዓመታት በፊት ነበር። እንዴት ነውይህ ክስተት እርርይ! ! ! አያሰኘንምን። ምን ዓይነት ኃጢዓት ብንሠራ ነው ኢትዮጵያን እና አምላኳን የሚጠሉ መሪዎች የተሰጡን?! እንደ መስቀል፣ ገና እና ጥምቀት በመሳሰሉት አንጋፋ የኢትዮጵያውያን ክብረ በዓላት (ሰባ ሚሊዬን ኢትዮጵያውያን የሚያከብሯቸው) ላይ ለመሳተፍ ፈቃደኛ የሆኑ መሪዎች እንኳን የሉንም። በመስከረሙ የመስቀል ደመራ በዓል ወቅት ዶ/ር አብይ በመስቀል አደባባይ ይገኙ ይሆናል የሚል ጭምጭምታ ነበር፤ ነገር ግን እርሳቸውም ያው ከ666ቱ ስለሆኑ ሳይሳተፉ ቀሩ።

ባለፈው ጊዜ፡ በዚምባብዌ፡ ለገዳዩ መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም የሰገዱት የቀድሞው ጠ/ሚንስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ከስልጣን ከመውረዳቸው በፊት በኢየሩሳሌም የምትገኘውን የኢትዮጵያ ቤትከርስቲያን በእስራኤል መንግስት ግፊት ለመጎብኘት ሲገደዱ ጫማቸውን እንኳን ሳያወልቁ ነበር የገቡት፤ አቤት ድፍረት! አቤት ትዕቢት አቤት ቅሌት!

! ለሉሲፈራውያኑ ወኪሎች፤ ሕዝባችንን ኋለኞች ለማድረግ ተግተው ለሚሠሩት፤ ዋ!

እኛ የተዋሕዶ ልጆች ግን በገዢዎች ተስፋ ከማድረግ ይልቅ በእግዚአብሔር ተስፋ ማድረጉን እንመርጣለን፦

[ ፪ኛ ወደ ቆሮንቶስ ሰዎች ምዕራፍ ፮፥፩፡፲]

አብረንም እየሠራን የእግዚአብሔርን ጸጋ በከንቱ እንዳትቀበሉ ደግሞ እንለምናለን፤ በተወደደ ሰዓት ሰማሁህ በመዳንም ቀን ረዳሁህ ይላልና፤ እነሆ፥ የተወደደው ሰዓት አሁን ነው፤ እነሆ፥ የመዳን ቀን አሁን ነው። አገልግሎታችንም እንዳይነቀፍ በአንዳች ነገር ማሰናከያ ከቶ አንሰጥም። ነገር ግን በሁሉ እንደ እግዚአብሔር አገልጋዮች ራሳችንን እናማጥናለን፤ በብዙ መጽናት፥ በመከራ፥ በችግር፥ በጭንቀት፥ በመገረፍ፥ በወኅኒ፥ በሁከት፥ በድካም፥ እንቅልፍ በማጣት፥ በመጦም፥ በንጽህና፥ በእውቀት፥ በትዕግሥት፥ በቸርነት፥ በመንፈስ ቅዱስ፥ ግብዝነት በሌለው ፍቅር፥ በእውነት ቃል፥ በእግዚአብሔር ኃይል፥ ለቀኝና ለግራ በሚሆን በጽድቅ የጦር ዕቃ፥ በክብርና በውርደት፥ በክፉ ወሬና በመልካም ወሬ ራሳችንን እናማጥናለን፤ አሳቾች ስንባል እውነተኞች ነን፤ ያልታወቁ ስንባል የታወቅን ነን፤ የምንሞት ስንመስል እነሆ ሕያዋን ነን፤ የተቀጣን ስንሆን አንገደልም፤ ኀዘንተኞች ስንሆን ዘወትር ደስ ይለናል፤ ድሆች ስንሆን ብዙዎችን ባለ ጠጎች እናደርጋለን፤ አንዳች የሌለን ስንሆን ሁሉ የእኛ ነው።”

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

ኮፕት አባታችን በላሊበላ የገና በዓል | “ግሩም ታሪክና ሃይማኖታዊ ሥርዓት ስላላችሁ ልትኮሩበት ይገባል”

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 6, 2019

ይህን ያሉት በጀርመን የኮፕት ኦርቶዶክስ ቤተክርስቲያን ጳጳስ የሆኑት አንባ ዳሚያን ናቸው። (ቪዲዮው ላይ “ዳንኤል” ያለው በስህተት ነው)። ግልጽና ቀጥተኛ የሆነ ቃል የሚናገሩና የማደንቃቸው አባት ናቸው። ቃለ ሕይወት ያሰማልን! ለኮፕት ወገኖቻችንም ይህን የልደት በዓል በሰላም እንዲያከብሩት እንመኝላቸዋለን!

ብሩክ ገና!!!

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

ድንግል ፈጣሪዋን ወለደችው | ብሩክ የልደት በዓል

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 5, 2019

ይህ የልደት በዓል ታኅሣሥ ፳፰ / ጃንዋሪ 7 በ፤

  • + ኢትዮጵያ (ኤርትራን ጨምሮ)

  • + እስራኤል

  • + ግብጽ

  • + አርመኒያ

  • + ጆርጂያ

  • + ሩሲያ

  • + ዩክሬን

  • + ቤላሩስ

  • + ሞልዶቫ

  • + ካዛክስታን

  • + ሰርቢያ

  • + ማኬዶኒያ

  • + ሞንቴኔግሮ

በቆንጆ መልክ ይከበራልእንኳን አደረሰን!

________________

Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

እግዚአብሔር አምላክ ዓለምን ከፈጠረበት ጥበቡ ይልቅ ዓለምን ያዳነበት ጥበቡ ይበልጣል

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 6, 2018

በዓለ ልደት፣ በሰውና በእግዚአብሔር መካከል እርቅ የተፈጸመበት በዓላችን ነው፡፡ ለሞት ከመገዛት የዳንበት፤ ጨለማው ተወግዶልን የብርሃን ልጆች የኾንበት፤ የእባብ ራስ የተቀጠቀጠበት፤ ከምድር ወደ ሰማይ ያረግንበትና ከመላእክት ጋር ኾነን ለእግዚአብሔር ምስጋና ያቀረብንበት፤ ከነቢያት ኅብረት ጋር አንድ የኾንበት በዓል ነው፡፡

የጌታችን ልደት እና የመላእክት አገልግሎት

ለአምስት ሺሕ አምስት መቶ ዘመን በዓለም ላይ ሠልጥኖ የነበረውን ጨለማ ያስወግድ ዘንድ እግዚአብሔር አምላክ ሰው ኾነ፡፡ ከቅድስት ድንግል ማርያም የተወለደው አማናዊው ብርሃን ፀሐየ ጽድቅ ክርስቶስ በሥጋ ተገለጠ፡፡ ‹‹ብርሃን ዘበአማን ዘያበርህ ለኵሉ ሰብእ ለእለ ይነብሩ ውስተ ዓለም፤ በጨለማ ውስጥ ለሚኖር ሕዝብ ታላቅ ብርሃን ወጣላቸው›› እንዳለ ቅዱስ ኤፍሬም በውዳሴው (ኢሳ. ፱፥፪)፡፡ ቀዳሚ ቃል ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ከእመቤታችን ከሥጋዋ ሥጋ፣ ከነፍሷ ነፍስ ነስቶ ሰው በኾነ ጊዜም ቅዱሳን መላእክት በቤተ ልሔም ተገኝተዋል፡፡ ይህንም ቅዱስ ሉቃስ ‹‹ወግብተ መጽኡ ብዙኃን ሐራ ሰማይ፤ የሰማይ መላእክት በድንገት መጡ›› በማለት ገልጾታል (ሉቃ. ፪፥፲፫)፡፡ በድንገት መባሉም አመጣጣቸው ግሩም በመኾኑ ነው፡፡ ቅዱሳን መላእክት ቀድሞ አመጣጣቸው ጻድቃንን ለመርዳት፣ ሰማዕታትን ከስለት ለመታደግ፣ የተቸገረውን ለማጽናት ነበር፡፡

ዛሬ ግን ስለ ሰው ፍቅር ከሰማይ የወረደውን፣ በጎል (በበረት) የተጣለውን፣ በጨርቅ የተጠቀለለውን አምላክ ከሰው ልጅ ጋር በአንድነት ለማመስገን መጡ፡፡ ‹‹ዮም አሐደ መርዔተ ኮኑ መላእክት ወሰብእ ከመ ይሰብሕዎ ለክርስቶስ ንጉሥ፤ ሰውና መላእክት፣ ንጉሥ ክርስቶስን ያመሰግኑ ዘንድ ተባበሩ›› እንዲል፡፡ መላእክት በተፈጥሯቸው የማይሞቱ (ሕያዋን) ሲኾኑ ሰው ደግሞ ሟች ነው፤ ሞት ይስማማዋል፡፡ በጌታችን ልደት ግን መላእክትና የሰው ልጆች በአንድ ማኅበር፣ በአንድ ቃል ‹‹ስብሐት ለእግዚአብሔር›› እያሉ እግዚአብሔርን አመስግነዋል፡፡ በአዳም ኀጢአት ምክንያት ፈርሶ የነበረው የመላእክትና የሰው ልጆች ማኅበር ከተቋረጠ ከብዙ ዘመን በኋላ በኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ልደት እንደ ገና ተጀመረ፡፡ ይህ የምስጋና ኅብረትም ምድር እንደ ልብስ ተጠቅልላ ስታልፍ ወደ ፊት በምትመጣዋ በአዲሲቷ ዓለም፣ በአዲሱ ሰማይ፣ በአዲሱ ቤተ መቅደስ ይቀጥላል (ራእ. ፳፩፥፩)፡፡

አንድነታችን እንደማያቋርጥና በሰማይም እንደሚቀጥል አረጋዊ መንፈሳዊ ሲገልጥም ‹‹እሉሂ ወእልክቱሂ በአሐዱ ኁባሬ አልቦ ማዕከሌነ ወማዕከሌሆሙ፤ በእኛ በደቂቀ አዳም እና በቅዱሳን መላእክት መካከል ልዩነት የለም›› ይላል፡፡ ይህም የኾነው በጌታችን መወለድ ምክንያት ነው፡፡ በጌታችን ልደት ምክንያት እኛም ዳግመኛ ተወለድን፡፡ የጌታችን ልደት የእኛም የክርስቲያኖች ዅሉ ልደት ነው፡፡ ከሦስቱ የቀጰዶቅያ አባቶች (The three Cappadocian Fathers) አንዱ፣ ታላቁ የቤተ ክርስቲያን አባት ሊቁ ቅዱስ ባስልዮስ ዘቂሣርያ ይህን ምሥጢር ሲገልጥ ‹‹The nativity of Christ is the birthday of the whole human race – የክርስቶስ ልደት የመላው ሰው የልደት ቀን ነው›› ሲል መስክሯል (Hyman of praise to the mother of God)፡፡

ሊቃውንት እንዳስተማሩን እግዚአብሔር አምላክ ዓለምን ከፈጠረበት ጥበቡ ይልቅ ዓለምን ያዳነበት ጥበቡ ይበልጣል፡፡ ጌታችን መድኀኒታችን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ የተወለደበት እና ዓለምን ያዳነበት ምሥጢር ከምሥጢራት ዅሉ በላይ ነው፡፡ ይህን ምሥጢር ከማድነቅ ሌላ ሊናገሩት አይቻልም፡፡ ሊቁ ቅዱስ ዮሐንስ አፈወርቅም በመገረም ይህን ጥበብ እንዲህ ሲል ይገልጸዋል፤ ‹‹ምን እላለሁ? ምንስ እናገራለሁ? ከዘመን አስቀድሞ የነበረው እርሱ ሕፃን ኾኗልና፡፡ እኔ ፈጽሜ አደንቃለሁ፡፡ ከሰማየ ሰማያት በላይ የሚኾን፣ በዘለዓለማዊ ዙፋን የሚኖር እርሱ በበረት ተጣለ፡፡ ከሥጋዌ አስቀድሞ አይዳሰስ የነበረ አንዱ እርሱ በምድራውያን እጅ ተዳሰሰ፡፡ ኀጢአትን የሚያስተሰርይ እርሱን በጨርቅ ጠቀለሉት፡፡ ይህን ወዷልና፤›› (ሃይማኖተ አበው ዘዮሐንስ አፈ ወርቅ፣ ፷፮፥፲፯)፡፡ ቅዱስ ዲዮስቆሮስም በቅዳሴው የእግዚአብሔርን ሰው የመኾን ምሥጢር እንዲህ በማለት ገልጾታል፤ ‹‹በጐለ እንስሳ ተወድየ አሞኀ ንግሡ ተወፈየ ወከመ ሕፃናት በከየ እንዘ ይስእል እምአጥባተ እሙ ሲሳየ፤ በእንስሳት በረት ተጨመረ፡፡ የንጉሡንም እጅ መንሻ ተቀበለ፡፡ ከእናቱ ጡቶች ምግብን እየለመነ እንደ ሕፃናት አለቀሰ፤›› (ቅዳሴ ዲዮስቆሮስ ቍ. ፲፯)፡፡

በዚህ ታላቅ በዓላችን የምናደንቀው ሌላው ምሥጢር እግዚአብሔር ወልድ በቅድስት ድንግል ማርያም ማኅፀን፣ በኅቱም ድንግልና ተፀንሶ በኅቱም ድንግልና የመወለዱ ረቂቅ ምሥጢር ነው፡፡ ሊቃውንተ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ይህን ድንቅ የሥጋዌ ምሥጢር ግሩም፣ ዕፁብ እያሉ ያደንቁታል፡፡ ሐዋርያውያን አበውን ተከትለው ከተነሡ የቤተ ክርስቲያን ጠባቆች (Apologists) መካከል አንዱ ቅዱስ ሄሬኔዎስም ፩ኛ የእመቤታችን ዘለዓለማዊ ድንግልና፣ ፪ኛ ድንግል ማርያም አማኑኤል ጌታን መውለዷ እና ፫ኛ የማይሞተው አምላክ መሞት በእግዚአብሔር የዝምታ ሸማ የተጠቀለሉ ሦስት ምሥጢሮች መኾናቸውን ይናገራል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያዊው ቄርሎስ የተባለው አባ ጊዮርጊስ ዘጋሥጫም በመጸሐፈ አርጋኖን ድርሰቱ ይህን ድንቅ የተዋሕዶ ምሥጢር በሚከተለው መልኩ ይገልጠዋል፤

‹‹ሦስቱን ደጆች ያልከፈተ የአብን ልጅ ጥበብ አደንቃለሁ፤ ያለ መለወጥ በኅቱም ድንግልና በመወለዱ፣ የመቃብሩን ደጅ ሳይከፍት በመነሣቱ፣ ደቀ መዝሙርቱ ተሰብስበው ወዳሉበት ቤት በተዘጋ ቤት በመግባቱ እና በሩን ሳይከፍት በመውጣቱ ስለነዚህም ሦስት ደጆች ልቤ አደነቀች፡፡ ከሁለቱ ይልቅ የመጀመሪያው እጅግ ያስደንቀኛል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ሁለቱን ከዚህ በፊት በመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ አውቃቸዋለሁ፡፡ የመቃብሩን ደጅ የሚመስለው ነገር አለ (ዮሐ. ፳፥፲፱)፡፡ ብልጣሶር የተባለ ዳንኤልን በአንበሶች ጕድጓድ ውስጥ በጣሉት ጊዜ ጕድጓዱን በታላቅ መዝጊያ ዘጉት፡፡ ዳንኤልም በረሃብ እንደ ተጨነቀ ልዑል እግዚአብሔር ባየ ጊዜ መልአኩን ወደ ነቢዩ ዕንባቆም ላከ (ዳን. ፮፥፲፮፲፯)፡፡ በራሱም ፀጕር አንሥቶ ተሸክሞ ወስዶ ዳንኤል ወዳለበት ጕድጓድ አገባው፡፡ ዳንኤልና ዕንባቆም እንጀራውንና ንፍሮውን በልተው እግዚአብሔርን አመሰገኑ፡፡ ዕንባቆምም ደጅ ተዘግቶ ሳለ ወጣ፡፡ ስለ ቤቱ ደጅም የሚመስል ነገር አለ፡፡ የእግዚአብሔር መልአክ ከሰማይ ወርዶ ጴጥሮስን ከግዞት ቤት እንዳወጣው በሐዋርያት ሥራ ተጽፏል፡፡ ጴጥሮስንም ካወጣው በኋላ ደጁ ተቈልፎ ዘበኞች በዅሉ ወገን ይጠብቁ ነበር (ሐዋ. ፲፪፥፮)፡፡ ለእነዚህ ለሁለቱ ደጆች ለቅዱሳን የተገኘውን ምክንያት አገኘሁ፡፡ ስለ ድንግልናሽ ደጅ እጠናለሁ፤ ግን ምክንያት አላገኘሁም፡፡ በድንግልና የኖረች ሴትም አላየሁም፡፡ እንደዚህ ዓይነት ነገር ኾኖ አያውቅም፡፡ ኢኮነ እምቅድመ ዝ ወኢኮነ እምድኅረ ዝ – ከዚህ በፊት አልተደረገም፤ ከዚህ በኋላም አይደረግም፤›› (አርጋኖን ዘቀዳሚት)፡፡

በአጠቃላይ በዓለ ልደት፣ በሰውና በእግዚአብሔር መካከል እርቅ የተፈጸመበት በዓላችን ነው፡፡ ለሞት ከመገዛት የዳንበት፤ ጨለማው ተወግዶልን የብርሃን ልጆች የኾንበት፤ የእባብ ራስ የተቀጠቀጠበት፤ ከምድር ወደ ሰማይ ያረግንበትና ከመላእክት ጋር ኾነን ለእግዚአብሔር ምስጋና ያቀረብንበት፤ ከነቢያት ኅብረት ጋር አንድ የኾንበት በዓል ነው፡፡ ድንቅ የተዋሕዶ ምሥጢር የተፈጸመበትን ይህን ልዩ በዓል በመንፈሳዊ ሥርዓት ማክበር ይገባናል፡፡

ወስብሐት ለእግዚአብሔር ወለወላዲቱ ድንግል ወለመስቀሉ ክቡር፡፡

ምንጭ

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ብሩክ ልደት – Merry Christmas

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 6, 2016

GENNA2008

We don’t have Santa Claus here. We never saw him in the streets carrying big sacks and presenting Christmas gifts for our kids. We never saw the snow falling down on our roofs or on the ground. It doesn’t matter though. We have our own Christmas; a Christmas on which we share big smiles that you wouldn’t see the rest of the year afterward. Let’s just flip through few pages of the Good Book and see how we came to own our own Christmas.

የገና ጨዋታ == YegenaChewata (the game on Gena)

Carry the clubs and set out to the field for waiting you is the ancient game Gena! Here we have a very interesting story on how we came to have the game.

On the days of Herod, according to the books we were able to consult during the preparation of this writing, the Wise men who travelled in search of Jesus the Son were not just three. There were twelve tribes each with 100, 000 people. But, on their way they had to fight with ‘armenewoch’ destroying 9 of the tribes. Only three of them were able to survive the battle and keep their journey. Mantusimar, Bedidasphar and Melku were the names of the three leaders of the tribes. (in Western Christian tradition) their names are listed as Balthazar, Caspar, and Melchior; they were the three leaders of the tribes. The Bible knows them as the (3)Three Wise Men.

Now, as they cross his land Herod met the wise men. He asked them what they were in search of. Innocent in heart, they told him that they were looking for the king that had been prophesied to be born on those days. Herod asked of them again that they would tell him where the child was born on their way back home. They agreed. On the journey to Bethlehem Herod sent a spy named Roor. He was supposed to go with the wise men to Bethlehem and bring the news of Jesus’ whereabouts to Herod so that he could go there and kill the child for prophesy said that he was the king of Israel.

A star in the sky served the wise men as a guide. But after they met Herod the star was difficult to be seen. This happening vexed the wise men that they cast a lot amongst the leaders of the tribes. It fell on the tribe lead by Melku where the secret agent Roor was brought in to.

The stranger was found to be the cause for the disappearance of the guiding star. They cut off his head and played with it hitting and passing it amongst them.

Now, the angel of God appeared in the wise men’s dream and told them to change their route when they went back. They listened to the Angle of the Lord and went back to their land without telling anything about the Child’s whereabouts to Herod. He was so wrathful that he sent soldiers to the land of Bethlehem and slaughtered all the children under two years old.

As a memory for this happening a game called Yegena Chewata has been played by Ethiopians since Christianity was introduced. The game is played with a stick much like a golf club and a little wooden ball named after the spy – Roor.

YegenaChewata in the olden times of the nation grants a special democracy. It was the rare occasion where a slave and his owner play with equal status. As the saying goes,

በ ገና ጨዋታ

አይቆጡም ጌታ

Be GenaChewata

AyekotumGeta

The literal meaning of which is that on the game of Gena the servant’s owner no matter what happened would not get angry at anyone.

Source

Ethiopian Christ Icon Found 500 Years On

EthiopianJesusIcon

An 15th century Ethiopian icon of the infant Christ child sitting on his mother’s knee was discovered after it was cleaned by a British charity.

The central panel of the triptych had over the centuries become blackened with the sprinkling of perfume that the monks use as they worship.

The hugely important and stunning painted wood panel is now visible in its original coloured glory, showing a pale-faced Jesus with black curly hair and rosy cheeks.

His hand has three digits raised and two down as if blessing the person looking at him.

He has a halo and is wearing a gown and is perched on his mother’s knee and she too has a halo.

The monks at the Monastery of St Stephen on an island in Lake Hayq in the north of the African country believe the icon, known as The One Who Listens, to be miraculous.

The central panel of the triptych had over the centuries become blackened with the sprinkling of perfume that the monks use as they worship.

The hugely important and stunning painted wood panel is now visible in its original coloured glory, showing a pale-faced Jesus with black curly hair and rosy cheeks.

His hand has three digits raised and two down as if blessing the person looking at him.

He has a halo and is wearing a gown and is perched on his mother’s knee and she too has a halo.

The monks at the Monastery of St Stephen on an island in Lake Hayq in the north of the African country believe the icon, known as The One Who Listens, to be miraculous.

The artist had great skill, which is particularly obvious in the detail of Mary’s robes.

In the central panel are three other figures, two archangels, Michael and Gabriel, armed with swords ready to protect the saviour and the third, St Stephen, after whom the monastery is named.

The side panels have 12 figures upon them all looking inwards towards the central picture.

They include Abuna TeklelyesusMoa, who sponsored the work, various saints including St Peter and St Paul, and abbots from the monastery.

It is one of the most celebrated icons in Ethiopia and is now housed in a special museum with other ancient relics.

The British charity The Ethiopian Heritage Fund sent experts to preserve the painting that had previously been covered with varnish.

Blair Priday from the charity, said: “This icon is one of the most celebrated in Ethiopia and because of its veneration, over time, the central panel had become blackened and was later painted over with thick layers of varnish as protection.

“The faces of the mother and child were barely visible.

“The varnish was carefully removed so it regained the original luminosity.

“The icon’s repair was undertaken by Laurie Morocco, a foremost icon restore, who camped in the monastery’s grounds while he did the work.

“In the mid 15th century a new technique of painting on wood with an undercoating of Gesso was introduced resulting in a much more luminous effect.

“When the varnish was removed by Laurie, one of the glories of Ethiopian art was visible once more.

“St Stephen’s was a very important monastery and seat of learning, and although it was raided and lost some of its relics, many remained including a beautiful cross, manuscripts and this icon.

“This ancient seat of learning now has a museum where these incredible treasures are displayed in a small museum within the monastery

“We could not have carried out the work without the support of the Bureau of Culture and the Holy Synod of the Ethiopian Church and our expert advisor Jacques Mercier.”

Christianity was adopted by the Ethiopians in the fourth century when King Ezra, ruler of the Axumite kingdom, was converted.

The country boasts one of the world’s oldest illustrated Christian manuscripts – the Garima Gospels – which the charity has also conserved.

The charity has also been working on the rock churches of Tigray in the highlands of north east Ethiopia.

These are built high in the sandstone cliffs that dominate the landscape.

The churches are carved out of the rock and contain many beautiful paintings of Christian saints many of which are indigenous to Ethiopia.

In a church in Bahera, the saints on the church pillars had been splashed with lime wash which has now been cleaned off.

The frescos that cover the walls of Debta Tsion are currently being conserved.

Source

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A Wise Man’s Cure: Frankincense is For Life, Not Just For Christmas

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 4, 2015

At this time of year it is hard to escape the Three Wise Men, riding their camels across Christmas cards and appearing in miniature form in countless school nativity plays across the world, bearing their gifts for the infant Jesus. Whilst we are all familiar with gold, it is the mention of frankincense and myrrh that really says “Christmas” to us and and takes our imaginations back to ancient times. But you might be surprised to learn that these two fragrances are still big business today; for example, Ethiopia alone trades around 4000 tonnes of frankincense every year. This is all the more remarkable because a single tree from which the resin is harvested will typically yield about 200g per year. The main international trade comes from a tree called Boswellia papyrifera, and Ethiopia is the main exporting country.

Frankincense is harvested by wounding the bark of trees and collecting the resin that is subsequently released from the wound, a process known as tapping. Tapping is carried out at several spots along the stem, using a traditional type of tool that resembles a chisel. The procedure is repeated in 8 tapping rounds during the dry season, which lasts about 8 months. But high demand means that many trees are being over-exploited and populations are at risk of dying out, threatening the livelihoods of villagers who depend on them.

But help may be on hand as the results of a new study by botanists from Ethiopia and the Netherlands led by Motuma Tolera, which could secure a future for the trees by revealing the anatomy of the resin secretory system.

Motuma Tolera explains, “In some areas, the high demand for frankincense is causing over-tapping, which is bad for a couple of reasons. Tapping the tree creates wounds in the stem that take resources to be healed, and more wounds create more opportunities for insects to attack the tree. It’s not a surprise that some trees die. This is bad for the tree but also for the people living in those areas, since they depend on the resin production, both economically and culturally.

One of the problems is the lack of knowledge of the type, architecture and distribution of resin producing, storing and transporting structures in the tree. Such knowledge is needed for improved tapping techniques in the future.”

The study, published this month in the Annals of Botany, provides this detailed knowledge for the first time.

Motuma Tolera said, “What we found was a 3-D network of inter-connected canals in the inner bark. Most of these canals are within a very narrow region of the inner bark, in a zone that is less than 7 millimeters thick. These allow for the transport of resin around the tree. We also found a few canals connecting deep into the xylem, the heart of the tree.”

Boswellia6

The findings will have practical applications for the people of Ethiopia and other frankincense producers. Traditional tapping starts with a shallow wound, from which a relatively small amount of resin is released. The wound is then re-opened later with a cut that goes a bit deeper and more resin is collected – a process that is repeated over and over again. The amount of resin collected peaks after about 5 rounds of tapping, which the study suggests is the point at which the wound reaches the main region of resin canals.

Motuma Tolera says, “Our results suggest that tapping can become more efficient. A cut that goes deeper, earlier in the tapping cycle, may drain the resin more effectively. Since the 3-D resin canal network may allow for long distance movement of resin when it is intact, this would be an option to reduce the number of cuts, and reduce the damage to the trees. New studies will be needed to show how such improvements may keep trees healthy but still productive for resin production. This opens new ways for a more sustainable frankincense production system.”

It’s nice to discover something new, but here we also have the opportunity to give something back to the people who helped us with the study. I hope everyone in Lemlem Terara, but also elsewhere in Ethiopia, will benefit from what we have found in the future.” Tolera says.

The team hope the results mean more Boswellia trees will live to see next Christmas.

Source

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Why nonChristians Are Drawn to Christmas

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 24, 2013

 

One curious trend in the global economy is how many countries with few Christians now enjoy aspects of Christmas – the giving of gifts, an exchange of cards, even singing “Last Christmas” by Exile. What other religion has had its holiday traditions transcend so many borders?

Christmas has become the world’s most widely celebrated religious holiday, even if it is more commercially exploited than religiously observed in nonChristian countries – and even if the Santa Claus fantasies overshadow the day’s real meaning: the coming of Christ to humanity.

To be sure, the spread of Christmas is driven in large part by retailers – and governments – trying to find new reasons to drum up consumer spending. (Halloween and Valentine’s Day are becoming popular, too.) In many Muslim countries, it is this materialistic aspect that is often decried by Islamic preachers.

And sometimes, the Christian part gets lost in translation: Foreigners in Japan tell the tale of a Tokyo department store that once decorated a window with a Santa Claus on a cross.

But not all imports of Christmas are purely secular or for profit. In Pakistan, where Christians comprise less than 2 percent of the population, Muslim families welcome Christian carolers singing door to door. In mainly Hindu India, where Christmas Day is a state holiday, many schools hold Christmas celebrations and people give sweets to neighbors.

The most explosive growth in celebrating a secular Christmas has been in China. Since the 1990s, the Communist Party has loosened its control over this “Western holiday.” Urban youth have embraced it, seeing Christmas as an opportunity to give gifts, celebrate with friends, and tie up a romance with a wedding. Stores often record their biggest sales around Christmas. Many Chinese can be seen wearing reindeer antlers or Santa hats. Some give specially wrapped apples as gifts (the Chinese word for apple sounds like “Silent Night.”)

As long as Chinese see only the commercial aspects, the government may not worry about the religious meaning. Still, in 2006 a group of university students started an online petition to boycott Christmas, claiming it is a Western plot to erode Chinese culture.

The Santa-esque commercialism may achieve that. But certainly not the universal message of Christmas as seen in its practice. The giving of gifts, for example, serves as a reminder to think of others rather than be thought well-of. The lights, sounds, and colors of Christmas are symbols of universal joy. Joining with family and friends at Christmas provides a moment to celebrate tenderness, kindness, and forgiveness. However crudely Christmas is exported around the world, its practices can sometimes put its eternal meaning into action. Who doesn’t want to be merry and bright?

Source

Merry Christmas ’till Genna!

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እንኳን ለጌታችን የልደት በዓል በሰላም አደረሰን — Merry Ethiopian Christmas

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 6, 2013

እነሆ ድንግል ትፀንሳለች ልጅም ትወልዳለች ስሙንም አማኑኤል ትለዋለች” ማቴ.123

BerukGennaየዛሬ ሁለት ሺ ዓመት ገደማ ነው፡፡ በኢየሩሳሌም ሀገር ንጉሡ ሄሮድስ ሕዝቡን ሁሉ ቤተልሄም ወደምትባል ከተማ ጠራቸው፡፡ እመቤታችንም በዚያ ጊዜ የአሥራ አምስት/15/ ዓመት ልጅ ሆኖ በሚጠብቃት በአረጋዊው /በሽማግሌው/ ዮሴፍ ቤት ትኖር ነበር፡፡ እመቤታችን ድንግል ማርያም ሕፃኑን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስን ፀንሳ ልትወልድ ደርሳ ሳለ ወደ ቤተልሄም ከተማ ከአረጋዊው ጠባቂዋ ዮሴፍና ከቅድስት ሰሎሜ ጋር ሄደች፡፡

በዚያ ሲደርሱ ምን ሆነ መሰላችሁ? እናታችን ማርያም ቅድስት ሰሎሜና አረጋዊው ዮሴፍ ማደሪያ ፈልገው በየቤቱ እየሄዱ “የእግዚአብሔር እንግዶች ነን ማደሪያ ስጡን፣ እባካችሁ አሳድሩን…” ብለው ቢጠይቋቸው ሁሉም “ቦታ የለንም፣ አናሳድርም፣ አናስገባም ሂዱ፡፡” እያሉ መለሷቸው፡፡ በጣም መሽቶ ስለነበረ ጨለማው ያስፈራ ነበረ፣ ብርዱ ደግሞ በጣም ከባድ ነበረ፡፡ ማደሪያ አጥተው የት እንሂድ እያሉ ሲያስቡ በድንገት አረጋዊ ዮሴፍ “ኑ ተከተሉኝ” ብሎ በመንደሩ ውስጥ ወዳለ አንድ የከብቶች ማደሪያ ቤት ወሰዳቸው፡፡

ከከብቶቹ ቤት ሲደርሱ በዚያ አህዮች፣ በሬዎች፣ በጎች፣…. ብዙ እንስሳት ተኝተው አገኙዋቸው፡፡ የበረቱ ሽታ በጣም ያስቸግር ነበረ፡፡ ነገር ግን ማደሪያ ስላልነበረ በዚያ ሊያድሩ ተስማሙ፡፡

ወደ በረቱ ሲገቡ እንስሶቹ ከተኙበት ተነሥተው በደስታ እየዘለሉ ተቀበሏቸው፡፡ በዚያም እመቤታችን ቅድስት ድንግል ማርያም ሕፃኑን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስን ወለደችው፡፡ ይህም ታላቅ ሕፃን የሁላችንም አምላክ ነው፡፡ ወዲያውኑ የከብቶቹ ቤት በታላቅ ብርሃን ተሞላ፡፡ ቅዱሳን መላእክት ተገለጡ፤ በእመቤታችንም ፊት ሆነው በደስታ ከበሮ እየመቱ፣ እያጨበጨቡ መዘመር ጀመሩ፡፡ መዝሙሩም እንዲህ የሚል ነበር፡

ለእግዚአብሔር ክብርና ምስጋና በሰማያት ይሁን፣ በምድርም ሰላም ለሰውም በጎ ፈቃድ

ምንጭ

Do Children in Materially Rich Countries Know It’s Christmas?

No, they don’t! How could they? Little Abby and little Billy don’t know it’s Christmas because their parents, their kindergartens and schools don’t have enough time to teach them about God, and they are not happy because of it. The parents and teachers discipline their children their way, instead of God’s way, and they are sad. They are sad, because their parents and teachers have fallen so far away from God’s teachings that they deny their children God, drive away the Angels who could give them inner warmth, comfort and happiness. Little Abby and Billy are sad, disturbed and unsafe because their parents and teachers are to busy collecting the guns, the knives, the grass…and, yes! Little Abby cries, because they took away from her the images of Jesus, The Virgin Mary, and The Angels to replace them with the images of Barbie Dolls, Bart Simpson and Barack Obama.

So, dear Ethiopians, this Christmas – children of Ethiopia know it takes place on the 7th of January – don’t forget to pray for the materially rich children of the West who have nothing else but to play with man-made dolls that are just like them — pray for them that The Lord could fill them with his compassion, give them His eyes to see, give their parents and teachers boldness and selflessness and wisdom, so that they too might cry out for justice and feed the spiritually hungry, so that His light might shine throughout the earth — life them up because they are in a very terrible state of spiritual poverty, often marginalized, finding themselves in challenging circumstances they did not choose and helpless without our prayers to change. So, let’s all pray for them:

It’s Christmas time, and there’s no need to be afraid
At Christmas time, we let in light and we banish shade
And in our world of plenty, we can spread a smile of joy
Throw our prayers around the world at Christmas time

And there won’t be Frankincense in Europe and America this Christmas time
The greatest gift they’ll get this year is life
Where there is no joy, no light or Angels appear
Do they know it’s Christmas time at all?

So, let’s pray for the Children of the West
At Christmas time, it’s hard, but when you’re celebrating
There’s a world outside our window
And it’s a world of fear and sadness
Where the only unholy-water flowing is the bitter sting of tears
And the Christmas bells that ring there
Are the clanging chimes of doom
Well, tonight, thank God it’s them instead of you

Here’s to you, raise a glass for everyone
Here’s to them underneath that cold winter
Do they know it’s Christmas time at all?

Let’s free the world from bondage of materialism
Free the world

Free the world, let them know it’s Christmas time
And free the world
let them know it’s Christmas time
And free the world
let them know it’s Christmas time
And free the world
let them know it’s Christmas time…

It would be better for him to be thrown into the sea with a millstone tied around his neck than for him to cause one of these little ones to sin. [Luke 17:2]

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children. [Hosea 4:6]

For these are rebellious people, deceitful children; children unwilling to listen to the Lord’s instruction. They say to the seers, “See no more visions!” and to the prophets, “Give us no more visions of what is right!Tell us pleasant things, prophesy illusions.[Isaiah 30:9-10]

Materialism Breeds Unhappiness

My note: Worldwide surveys have consistently ranked the Scandinavian countries — with their generous family-leave policies, low crime, free health care, rich economies and, yes, high income taxes — as the happiest places on earth. But this happiness has always been accompanied by a paradox: the “happiest” countries also seem to have the highest suicide rates.

Is it the long, dark winters facing Norway, Sweden Finland and Denmark that cause the problem? Or some kind of Nordic depression gene? Or is it because those nations become more and more atheists by turning their backs on The Almighty God, Yahweh? (Suicide Rate 2011)

It is, perhaps, a simple fact of life in the West: we expect to be happy. The right to pursue happiness is part of America’s Declaration of Independence, after all. The feeling has been heightened by the booming field of “happiness studies”, which has produced a flow of news stories and books about what will and will not make us happy, about the happiest places to live, and about how to structure our lives so we can be happy almost all the time.

Some important findings have emerged. Too many choices lead to dissatisfaction. Chronic pain has a more negative impact than a single accident. We habituate quickly to our acquisitions. A good marriage is worth about $100,000 a year in terms of how happy it makes us.

But this headlong rush towards happiness might backfire. Could our constant worrying about why we are not happy be making us more miserable than if we simply accepted some occasional unhappiness as part of life? In viewing unhappiness as a problem to be solved, might we not miss what a little sadness has to offer us? Are we trading long-term satisfaction for feeling good now? Buying our present-day enjoyment at the cost of future meaning?

Source

So, what’s better, to be materially wealthy and unhappy or materially poor, but spiritually rich and happy?

Follow My Photoblog here and judge for yourselves:

SpiritMatters7

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Lalibela Among The World’s 9 best places to spend Christmas

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 12, 2012

CNN has picked nine of the most Christmassy places around the world.

Lalibela, Ethiopia

LalibelaMagicLalibela was conceived as a paradise on earth. And its 11 churches, cut from living volcanic rock, are literally anchored in the earth. In scale, number, and variety of form there’s no architecture or sculpture quite like them anywhere. They’re on the global tourist route now, though barely. To Ethiopian devotees they’ve been spiritual lodestars for eight centuries, and continue to be.

Declared a “new Jerusalem” after the real Jerusalem was captured by Muslim forces in 1187 and Ethiopian Christians could no longer go there, Lalibela remains a very religious place.

Ethiopian Christmas (January 7) mass at Bet Medhane Alem – the largest monolithic church in the world – is an occasion on which hundreds of priests in white turbans, adorned with red sashes and gold scarves chant, sway, and pray, surrounded by trenches flooded with some 50,000 worshipers, for whom this is a sacred place of pilgrimage.

See also: Five real life winter wonderlands

The other 8 destinations are:

  • Lapland, Finland

  • Strasbourg, France

  • Quebec, Canada

  • San Miguel de Allende, Mexico

  • Dyker Heights, Brooklyn, New York

  • Barcelona, Spain

  • Manila, Philippines

  • Queenstown, New Zealand

Source: CNN

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Merry Christmas / Genna Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 6, 2012

 

የምሥራች

 

የምሥራች ደስ ይበለን

የዓለም መድኃኒት ተወለደልን

የምሥራች ደስ ይበለን

ጌታችን ተወልዶ አይተነው መጣን

ንጉሥ ሄሮድስ ይህን ሲሰማ

ፈልጋችሁ አምጡት በቀን በጨለማ

አሽከሮቹም እንደታዘዙት

በኮከብ ተመርተው ሕፃኑን አገኙት

ሰገዱለት ከመሬት ወድቀው

ወርቅና ዕጣኑን በረከቱን ሰጥተው

 

The Ethiopian Christmas known as Ganna is celebrated on January 7th. This celebration takes place in ancient churches carved from solid volcanic rock and also in modern churches that are designed in three concentric circles. Men and boys sit separately from girls and women. Also the choir sings from the outside circle. People receive candles as they enter the church. After lighting the candles everyone walks around the church three times, then stands throughout the mass, which may last up to three hours. Food served at Christmas usually includes injera, a sourdough pancake like bread. Injera serves as both plate and fork. Doro wat, a spicy chicken stew might be the main meal. A piece of the injera is used to scoop up the wat. Baskets decorated beautifully are used to serve the wat. Gift giving is a very small part of Christmas celebration. Children usually receive very simple presents such as clothing. In Ethiopia Christmas day is January 7, so on Christmas Eve the city is crowded with pilgrims from all parts of the country. They remain outdoors all night, praying and chanting. In the morning, a colorful procession makes its way to a nearby hilltop where a service is held. Three young men march at the head of the crowd, lashing whips from left to right to keep the people in line. Those who worship are fed with bread and wine that has been blessed by priests. After the service is over the rest of the day is spent dancing, playing sport and feasting.

 

FROM SANTA’S NET

 

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