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Posts Tagged ‘Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Faith’

Ethiopians: World’s Most Dedicated Christians?

Posted by addisethiopia on October 23, 2016

Thousands Climb Steep Cliffs To Reach Hidden Churches

ethiopia9-691608

THOUSANDS of dedicated Christians clamber up sheer cliffs to pray in hidden rock-hewn ancient Orthodox churches in Ethiopia.

The sandstone cliffs of Gheralta in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, which are 2580m tall, are the home to 35 hidden churches, some of which date back to the fourth century.

The climbs to reach the churches carved out of solid rock are arduous and involve near-vertical cliff faces at times and steep 300-metre ledges, particularly to reach the Abuna Yemata Church.

Although tourists occasionally use harnesses and ropes to help with the strenuous climb, the locals do not.

The churches, which are located 780kms north of Ethiopia’s capital city Addis Ababa, are visited

each Sunday by around 50 people each and when there are religious festivals, this figure can rise to hundreds.

One of the local guides said: “If people do not come to the church, they have to pray hundreds of times. Everyone does the climb and comes to church, it is easy for us.

The locals are used to the climb, we have done it many times.”

Although tourists can take two hours to reach each church, the locals do the walk in less than half this.

Regardless of the weather, the determined locals clamber up the rocks to the impressive churches.

The churches are adorned with paintings dating back to the 16th century, representing various saints and biblical scenes.

British tourist Will Molphy said: “The climbs can be terrifying and are not for the faint-hearted. It helps having a head for heights, the adrenaline helps you up. The views over the landscape are spectacular.”

The locals claim that the reason people are able to do the arduous climbs and not fall is because God is looking over them.

Corpses are also taken up the cliff so they can be laid to rest at the top.

There are monks in certain churches who tend to remain at the top of the escarpment except for when they need to sort out arranged marriages for the village’s youth.

They raise a few animals and cultivate small pieces of land to minimise the amount of food needed to be transported up the sandstone cliff.

Religious hermits sometimes live at the top of the escarpment as well.

The guides, which are essential for any church visit, are on hand to help with the climb and where tourists should place their feet for the smoothest ascent possible.

Many of the churches still have separate entrances for women and men and women are advised to cover themselves with a scarf.

Source

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ሞኙን ተላላ ሕዝባችንን የውስጥና የውጭ ጠላቶች ሌት ተቀን ይፈታተኑታል

Posted by addisethiopia on September 2, 2016

 መድሃኔ ዓለም

ነው የሚጠብቀው

የአቡነ ተክለሐይማኖት በራሪ ነው የሚከላከለው

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ብሩክ ቡሄ / Happy Buhe

Posted by addisethiopia on August 20, 2016

Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , | 1 Comment »

ኪዳነ ምህረት

Posted by addisethiopia on February 24, 2016

ኪዳነ ምህረት ማለት የምህረት መሐላ ማለት ነው፡፡ ከ33ቱ በዓላተ እግዝእትነ ድንግል ማርያም አንዱ ነው፡፡ እመቤታችንም ከጌታችን መቃብር እየሄደች በምትለምንበት ጊዜ አይሁድ ለምቀኝነት አያርፉምና ምን ልታመጣብን ነው በማለት ሊጣሏት ሲመጡ ጌታችንም ከዓይናቸው ሰውሯታል አይሁድም ጠባቂ ቢያቆሙ እመቤታችን ዕለት ዕለት መሄዷን አላቋረጠችን እመቤታችንም እንዲህ ብላ ስትጸልይ ልጄ ወዳጄ ሆይ ከስጋዬ ስጋ ከነፍሴ ነፍስ ነስተህ ሰው በመሆንህ ዘጠኝ ወር ከ5 ቀን በቻለችህ ማሕጸኔ ከአንተ ጋር ሀገር ለሀገር ስለ መሰደዴ መትተህ ልምናዬን ትሰማኝ ዘንድ እለምንሃለሁ አለች በዚህ ጊዜ ንውጽውጽውታ ሆነ መቃብራት ተሰነጣጠቀ ጌታችንም እልፍ ከእልፍ መላዕክቱ ጋር መጥቶ ሰላም ለኪ ማርያም ምን እንዳደርግልሽ ትለሚኚኛለሽ አላት፡፡ እርሷም መታሰቢያዬን ያደረገውን ስለ ስሜ ለችግረኛ የሚራራውን በስሜ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ያነጻውን መባዕ የሰጠውን ከሃይማኖት ከፍቅር ጽናት ልጁን በስሜ የጠራውን ሁሉ ማርልኝ ከሞተ ስጋ ከሞተ ነፍስ አድንልኝ አለችው፡፡ ጌታችንም ይህን ሁለ እንዳደርግልሽ መሐልኩ ለኪ በርእስየ ወበ አቡየ ሕያው ወበመንፈስ ቅዱስ ብሎ ቃል ገብቶላት አርጓል፡፡

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

Timket Festival 2016

Posted by addisethiopia on January 20, 2016

Where: Addis Ababa, Gondar, Lalibela Ethiopia

Timket is a religious festival celebrated with much zeal in Addis Ababa, Gondar, and Lalibela in Ethiopia. It is also spelled as Timkat or Timqat. The festival is the Ethiopian Orthodox celebration of Epiphany and venerates Christ’s baptism in the River Jordan. Although the festival is observed by orthodox Christians all over the world, in Ethiopia it takes on a special significance as it is the most colourful event of the year in the country. The most relevant symbol of the festival is colourful embroidered umbrellas that protect the sacred Tabot and the priests carrying the Tabot.

Timket Festival Celebrations

Timket festival is celebrated to commemorate the divine ritual of the baptism of Christ in the Jordan River. The celebrations start from the eve of the festival which is on 18th January at 2 pm local time with traditional horns that herald the celebrations with colourful processions and ceremonies. The main ceremony commences with the priest solemnly carrying the Tabot which is a model of the Ark of the Covenant, reverently wrapped in rich silk cloth to the nearby stream at around 2am on 19th January. The Tabot is a representation of Jesus as the Messiah when he came to the Jordan River for baptism. The Holy Ark is immersed in the water by one priest whilst the other chants some prayers. Once the Ark is baptised, the priest then blesses the water body and sprinkles some of the blessed water on the devotees. Thereafter the Holy Ark is carried back to its church amidst lots of chanting, music, and dancing.

Tips for Timket Festival

Travellers can enjoy the festivities of Timket Festival at Addis Ababa, Gondar, or Lalibela.

Although the festival is celebrated at Addis Ababa, Lalibela, and Gondar in Ethiopia and each one has its own charm, the festivities at Addis Ababa are tourist friendly as Addis Ababa offers variety of facilities to tourists.

Pilgrims need to be careful of touts and pickpockets and not carry any valuable items with them while attending the festivities.

If you are attending the festivities in Gondar do make sure to visit the Church of Debre Berhan Selassie renowned for its finest art in Ethiopia.

Downtown Gondar with its Italian-inspired architecture, shops, and eating joints, is another interesting place you can explore once the festivities are over.

If you happen to be in Addis Ababa then you can shop for traditional crafts or catch some art shows or visit various museums in the city.

Since it is cold in January it is advisable to bring some woollens along with you.

Source

The Sacrament of Baptism in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

EthiopiaTimket

A baby boy is baptized 40 days after he is born. A baby girl is baptized 80 days after birth. If a baby is sick and may die baptism takes place immediately.

Babies are anointed with oil to “undo the works of devils and their magic,and so become an anointing for faith in Christ.”

Babies are baptized naked because, “undressing the child reminds us of the nakedness of Adam and Eve when they obeyed satan and disobeyed the commandment of God, so they were put to shame before Him and hid from Him when they realized their nakedness. Such is what sin and satan do to human beings, they strip them from all virtues and the protection of grace, and hence put them to shame before others.”

Continue reading

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ብሩክ ልደት – Merry Christmas

Posted by addisethiopia on January 6, 2016

GENNA2008

We don’t have Santa Claus here. We never saw him in the streets carrying big sacks and presenting Christmas gifts for our kids. We never saw the snow falling down on our roofs or on the ground. It doesn’t matter though. We have our own Christmas; a Christmas on which we share big smiles that you wouldn’t see the rest of the year afterward. Let’s just flip through few pages of the Good Book and see how we came to own our own Christmas.

የገና ጨዋታ == YegenaChewata (the game on Gena)

Carry the clubs and set out to the field for waiting you is the ancient game Gena! Here we have a very interesting story on how we came to have the game.

On the days of Herod, according to the books we were able to consult during the preparation of this writing, the Wise men who travelled in search of Jesus the Son were not just three. There were twelve tribes each with 100, 000 people. But, on their way they had to fight with ‘armenewoch’ destroying 9 of the tribes. Only three of them were able to survive the battle and keep their journey. Mantusimar, Bedidasphar and Melku were the names of the three leaders of the tribes. (in Western Christian tradition) their names are listed as Balthazar, Caspar, and Melchior; they were the three leaders of the tribes. The Bible knows them as the (3)Three Wise Men.

Now, as they cross his land Herod met the wise men. He asked them what they were in search of. Innocent in heart, they told him that they were looking for the king that had been prophesied to be born on those days. Herod asked of them again that they would tell him where the child was born on their way back home. They agreed. On the journey to Bethlehem Herod sent a spy named Roor. He was supposed to go with the wise men to Bethlehem and bring the news of Jesus’ whereabouts to Herod so that he could go there and kill the child for prophesy said that he was the king of Israel.

A star in the sky served the wise men as a guide. But after they met Herod the star was difficult to be seen. This happening vexed the wise men that they cast a lot amongst the leaders of the tribes. It fell on the tribe lead by Melku where the secret agent Roor was brought in to.

The stranger was found to be the cause for the disappearance of the guiding star. They cut off his head and played with it hitting and passing it amongst them.

Now, the angel of God appeared in the wise men’s dream and told them to change their route when they went back. They listened to the Angle of the Lord and went back to their land without telling anything about the Child’s whereabouts to Herod. He was so wrathful that he sent soldiers to the land of Bethlehem and slaughtered all the children under two years old.

As a memory for this happening a game called Yegena Chewata has been played by Ethiopians since Christianity was introduced. The game is played with a stick much like a golf club and a little wooden ball named after the spy – Roor.

YegenaChewata in the olden times of the nation grants a special democracy. It was the rare occasion where a slave and his owner play with equal status. As the saying goes,

በ ገና ጨዋታ

አይቆጡም ጌታ

Be GenaChewata

AyekotumGeta

The literal meaning of which is that on the game of Gena the servant’s owner no matter what happened would not get angry at anyone.

Source

Ethiopian Christ Icon Found 500 Years On

EthiopianJesusIcon

An 15th century Ethiopian icon of the infant Christ child sitting on his mother’s knee was discovered after it was cleaned by a British charity.

The central panel of the triptych had over the centuries become blackened with the sprinkling of perfume that the monks use as they worship.

The hugely important and stunning painted wood panel is now visible in its original coloured glory, showing a pale-faced Jesus with black curly hair and rosy cheeks.

His hand has three digits raised and two down as if blessing the person looking at him.

He has a halo and is wearing a gown and is perched on his mother’s knee and she too has a halo.

The monks at the Monastery of St Stephen on an island in Lake Hayq in the north of the African country believe the icon, known as The One Who Listens, to be miraculous.

The central panel of the triptych had over the centuries become blackened with the sprinkling of perfume that the monks use as they worship.

The hugely important and stunning painted wood panel is now visible in its original coloured glory, showing a pale-faced Jesus with black curly hair and rosy cheeks.

His hand has three digits raised and two down as if blessing the person looking at him.

He has a halo and is wearing a gown and is perched on his mother’s knee and she too has a halo.

The monks at the Monastery of St Stephen on an island in Lake Hayq in the north of the African country believe the icon, known as The One Who Listens, to be miraculous.

The artist had great skill, which is particularly obvious in the detail of Mary’s robes.

In the central panel are three other figures, two archangels, Michael and Gabriel, armed with swords ready to protect the saviour and the third, St Stephen, after whom the monastery is named.

The side panels have 12 figures upon them all looking inwards towards the central picture.

They include Abuna TeklelyesusMoa, who sponsored the work, various saints including St Peter and St Paul, and abbots from the monastery.

It is one of the most celebrated icons in Ethiopia and is now housed in a special museum with other ancient relics.

The British charity The Ethiopian Heritage Fund sent experts to preserve the painting that had previously been covered with varnish.

Blair Priday from the charity, said: “This icon is one of the most celebrated in Ethiopia and because of its veneration, over time, the central panel had become blackened and was later painted over with thick layers of varnish as protection.

“The faces of the mother and child were barely visible.

“The varnish was carefully removed so it regained the original luminosity.

“The icon’s repair was undertaken by Laurie Morocco, a foremost icon restore, who camped in the monastery’s grounds while he did the work.

“In the mid 15th century a new technique of painting on wood with an undercoating of Gesso was introduced resulting in a much more luminous effect.

“When the varnish was removed by Laurie, one of the glories of Ethiopian art was visible once more.

“St Stephen’s was a very important monastery and seat of learning, and although it was raided and lost some of its relics, many remained including a beautiful cross, manuscripts and this icon.

“This ancient seat of learning now has a museum where these incredible treasures are displayed in a small museum within the monastery

“We could not have carried out the work without the support of the Bureau of Culture and the Holy Synod of the Ethiopian Church and our expert advisor Jacques Mercier.”

Christianity was adopted by the Ethiopians in the fourth century when King Ezra, ruler of the Axumite kingdom, was converted.

The country boasts one of the world’s oldest illustrated Christian manuscripts – the Garima Gospels – which the charity has also conserved.

The charity has also been working on the rock churches of Tigray in the highlands of north east Ethiopia.

These are built high in the sandstone cliffs that dominate the landscape.

The churches are carved out of the rock and contain many beautiful paintings of Christian saints many of which are indigenous to Ethiopia.

In a church in Bahera, the saints on the church pillars had been splashed with lime wash which has now been cleaned off.

The frescos that cover the walls of Debta Tsion are currently being conserved.

Source

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ተዋናይ ንብረት ገላው፡ “አዲስ ኢየሱስ የለም”

Posted by addisethiopia on October 14, 2015

Posted in Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Happy PENTECOST: Divine Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia on May 31, 2015

 

Its landscapes are biblical and its rituals haven’t changed for centuries.

There are moments when Ethiopia seems to belong to an atlas of the imagination – part legend, part fairy-tale, part Old Testament book, part pulling your leg.

In the northern highlands priests with white robes and shepherds’ crooks appear to have stepped out of a Biblical painting. In the southern river valleys bare-breasted tribeswomen, who scar their torsos for erotic effect and insert plates the size of table mats in their lower lips, seemed to have emerged from a National Geographic magazine circa 1930. Ethiopia.

resembles no other country in Africa”, wrote the great explorer Wilfred Thesiger, “or anywhere else.”

Its isolation is legendary. Not only was Ethiopia never colonised, but it also inflicted the greatest defeat on a European army in the history of the continent – at the Battle of Adwa in 1896. It was only the Italians, of course, but it still counts. Ethiopians were “forgetful of the world”, Edward Gibbon wrote, “by whom they were forgotten”. For long medieval centuries Europeans believed that Ethiopia was home to Prester John, legendary Christian ruler, descendant of one of the three Magi, keeper of the Fountain of Youth, protector of the Holy Grail, and all-round good guy who would one day rescue the Holy Land from the Muslims.

There are always two histories in Ethiopia: the history of historians, sometimes a trifle vague, often tentative; and the history of Ethiopians, a people’s history, confident, detailed, splendid, often fantastical. The two rarely coincide. Historians are still wringing their hands about the mysteries of Aksum in Tigray in the north, with its colossal stelae, its underground tombs, its ruined palaces and its possible connections to the Queen of Sheba. For a thousand years, until about AD 700, it was a dominant power in the region, “the last of the great civilisations of antiquity”, according to Neville Chittick , the archaeologist, “to be revealed to modern knowledge”.

Fortunately, the Ethiopians are on hand to fill in most of the historical blanks. The city was founded, they say, by the great-grandson of Noah. For 400 years it was ruled by a serpent who enjoyed a diet of milk and virgins. Historians may be divided about the Queen of Sheba but Ethiopians know she set off from here to Jerusalem with 797 camels and lot of rather racy lingerie to seduce King Solomon. Historians carelessly lost track of the Ten Commandments not long after Moses came down from Mount Sinai. Ethiopians have the originals under lock and key in a chapel in Aksum, guarded by those mute monks, assigned to kill all intruders.

Ethiopia may not be big on stylish boutiques hotels, littered with objets d’art and architectural magazines, but it is a delightfully old-fashioned place, with ravishing landscapes, sleepy villages and friendly, unhurried people.

Continue reading…

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Muslims Are Beginning To See The Light Of Christ As Massive Number Of Christians Erupt In Ethiopia To Honor Christ In Support Of Their Christian Martyrs

Posted by addisethiopia on April 23, 2015

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The massacre committed by ISIS Muslims who slaughtered Ethiopian Christians in Libya, caused a wave of anger amongst Christians and also Muslims who called for justice. It was very moving to watch the Ethiopia scene with the massive numbers who erupted in solidarity with the families of the Christian martyrs who gave their lives for the cause of Christ. The protesters wanted justice for the beheadings and shooting showed in a video released on Sunday by ISIS. The Ethiopian victims are widely believed to have been captured in Libya while trying to reach Europe. Christian Ethiopians are angered at the massacre when ISIS produced a video, in which ISIS called Christians “crusaders” and subtitled the horrific event as “worshippers of the cross belonging to the hostile Ethiopian Church.”

The scene with priests carrying crosses and demonstrators as far as your eye can see (estimated more than 100,000) Ethiopians is something to remember.

Ahaza Kassaye, the mother of one of the victims identified as Eyasu Yikunoamlak, told The Associated Press during the protest Wednesday that she was overwhelmed by the massive turnout.

I’m happy now. I’m very happy. I was just mourning the death of my son with family members and my neighbors. I never expected this to happen,” she said.

what is definite and what is becoming obvious from the events the world is witnessing in the Middle East, is that there is a divide between two: Muslims who are questioning all the violence standing alongside the followers of God who take the Mark of God and the followers of the spirit of Antichrist who proudly take the mark of Islam.

It is obvious, there are folks who claim the religion of Islam and they too weep for the blood of Christian saints. One very moving video I found was of a Muslim girl who weeps for the Christians massacred:

She bravely gave her name and sent her message to ISIS: “You are animals, you are criminals, you are not of the sons of Adam, but the sons of satan. May God burn you in hellfire … who are you to judge between Muslim and Christian. Only God is the ultimate judge”.

Righteous words indeed. It amazes me to see that the blood of the saints is opening the eyes of many Muslims to begin to question and ask, why? These days, I see what I have never seen before, in Egypt Muslims burning several Islamic books that calls for violence. True love can only come from the Light of Christ. Few pay attention that in the Bible God rescues a remnant of the Muslim world:

And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. “[Zechariah 14:16]

These at one point were followers of the spirit of Antichrist. Why else did they come against Jerusalem? The text is clear “of all the nations which came against Jerusalem”.

The day will come when Muslims will seek God and see that Christ is The Way, The Truth and The Life. Pray for the Muslims in Ethiopia to take the Mark of God.

Source

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ድል የተቀዳጀንበት እለት ነው – ትንሣኤ ነው / ፋሲካ ነው

Posted by addisethiopia on April 11, 2015

ኢትዮጵያ እና ኢትዮጵያዊነትከሚለው የንቡረ እድ ኤርምያስ ከበደ ወልደ ኢየሱስ መጽሐፍ የተወሰደ

ጌታችን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ከሙታን ተለይቶ የተነሣበትን የመታሰቢያ ዕለት እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን በጥልቅ መንፈሳዊ የደስታ ስሜት እናከብራታለን። ይህም ያለምክንያት አይደለም፡ ይህችው ዕለት ፈጣሪ ሰው ኾኖ ወደዚህ ዓለም የመጣበትን ዓላማ ከግብ አድርሶ የፈጸመባት፡ ማለትም የሰው ልጆችን የዘር ጠላቶች ደምስሶ ለእኛ ዘለዓለማዊ ድልን ማለትም የሰው ልጆችን የዘር ጠላቶች ደምስሶ ለእኛ ዘለዓለማዊ ድልን ያቀዳጀባት፡ ይኽውም ከዲያብሎስ የአገዛዝ ባርነት አውጥቶ በእግዚአብሔር ነጻ ልጅነት የኃጢአትን ቀንበር አስወግዶ ለንስሓ ጽድቅ የሞትን ፍዳ አጥፍቶ ለዘለዓለም ሕይወት ጸጋ እንድንበቃ ያደረገባት ቀን በመኾኗ ነው።

ፋሲካእየተባለ የሚጠራው የትንሣኤ በዓል በአገራችን በኢትዮጵያና በእኛ በኢትዮጵያውያን ዘንድ፡ ከሌሎቹ በዓላት ይልቅ እጅግ ጥልቅ በኾነ፡ የተለየ ሃይማኖታዊ ስሜትና ታሪካዊ ይዘት ይከበራል፤ አከባበሩም ከዘመነ ኦሪት ጀምሮ በሁለት በተያያዘ ደረጃና መልክ ሲካሄድ ኖርዋል፡ ይኽውም፦

፩ኛ. ጌታችን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ጥንቱኑ ለአዳምና ሔዋን በሰጠው የተስፋ ቃሉ፡ ወደዚህ ዓለም መጥቶ በአዲሱ ኪዳነ ምሕረት እውነተኛው የፋሲካ በግ በመሆን በመስቀል ላይ ከመሠዋቱ በፊት ለዚያ ለመጨረሻውና ለዘለዓለማዊው የሰው ልጆች ደኅንነት መሰጋገሪያና ጥላ የሆነ የይቅርታ ቸርነቱን በኪዳነ ኦሪቱ ቀደም አድርጎ ለእሥራኤል ልጆች በሠራው የፋሲካ ሥርዓት ሊሰጥ መቆየቱ ነው።

ያም ሥርዓት እግዚአብሔር አምላክ የእሥራኤልን ሕዝብ ከፈርዖን የባርነት አገዛዝ ነጻ ያወጣቸው ዘንድ ሙሴን ከኢትዮጵያ ወደግብፅ በላከው ጊዜ በአንዲት አስደንጋጭ ሌሊት ከደረሰው ታላቅ መቅሠፍት የተገኘ ንበር፡ አዎን! ጣዖት አምላኪው ፈርዖን እሥራኤላውያኑን ነፃ ይለቅቃቸው ዘንድ እግዚአብሔር በሙሴ አማካይነት በአገሩ ላይ የተለያየ መዓትን አከታትሎ ቢያወርድበትም እምቢተኛ ልቦናውን ይበልጥ በማደንደን መለኮታዊውን ትእዛዝ ተቀብሎ ለመፈጸም ፈቃደኛ አልሆነም።

ካለመፍቀዱም የተነሳ፡ በመጨረሻ፡ በየቤተሰቡ የተወለዱትን ከሰው እስከ እንስሳ ድረስ ያሉትን የግብፃውያንን የበኵር (የመጀመሪያ) ልጆች ሁሉ የሚቀሥፍ መልአከ ሞት መጥቶ የፈርዖን ዐልጋ ወራሽ በሆነው በኵር ላይ ሳይቀር የግድያ ግዳጁን ከፈጸመበት መቅሠፍት የተገኘው ሥርዓት ነው።

በዚያን ጊዜ ግን የእሥራኤል የበኵር ልጆች ከዚያ የሞት መቅሠፍ የሚድኑበትን መንገድ እግዚአብሔር አዘጋጅቶ ነበር፡ ይኸውም ቀሣፊው መልአከ ሞት በእያንዳንዱ የእሥራኤል ቤተሰብ ላይ ምንም ዓይነት ጉዳት ሳያደርስ የደም ምልክትን ብቻ እያየ በሰላም ያልፍ ዘንድ ለዚያ ቤተሰብ ቤዛ የሚሆን የመሥዋዕት በግ በዚያ ቤተሰብ ታርዶ የዚያ በግ ደም በዚያው ቤተሰብ የመኖሪያ ቤት በር ሁለት መቃኖችና ጉበን ላይ ለምልክትነት እየተረጨ እንዲቀባ የዚያም ቤተሰብ አባሎች የዚያን በግ አጥንቱን ሳይሰብሩ፡ ሥጋውን ብቻ እየጠበሱ በዚያው ሌሊት ጨርሰው እንዲበሉት እግዚአብሔር በሙሴ አማካይነት ለእሥራኤል ልጆች የሰጣቸና እነርሱም ተቀብለው የፈጸሙት ትእዛዝ ነው።

በዚያች ሌሊት በግብፃውያን ላይ ታላቅ ድንጋጤንና ፍርሃትን ያስከተለው የቁጣው መቅሠፍት በእሥራኤላውያን ላይ ግን ታላቅ ደስታንና ሓሢትን ያወረደው ያ የእግዚአብሔር የማዳኑና የማጥፋቱ፡ የምሕረቱና የመዓቱ ኃይል፡ ፋሲካተብሎ በእግዚአብሔር ሕዝብ ዘንድ በየዓመቱ ሲታሰብና ሲከበር የሚኖር የዘለዓለም ሥርዓት ሆነ።

፪ኛ. ይህ የፋሲካ ሥርዓት፡ በኪዳነ ኦሪቱ መሠረት እንዲህ በየዓመቱ ሲፈጸም ከኖረ በኋላ ጌታችን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ የፋሲካው በግ በሚታረድባት በዚችው የፋሲካ ሌሊት በመስቀል ላይ ራቁቱን ተሰቅሎ፡ ደሙን በማፍሰስ እውነተኛውና ዘለዓለማዊው ፋሲካ በግ ሆኖ ለአንደኛውና ለመጨረሻው ጊዜ መሠዋቱ ነው።

ስለፋሲካው በግ ሥርዓት፡ እግዚአብሔር ለእሥራኤል ልጆች በሰጠው መመሪያ ውስጥ አጥንቱን አትስበሩ!” ያለው የመለኮት የትንቢት ቃል በዓለም መድኃኒትነቱ፡ ራሱን የመጨረሻው የፋሲካ በግ አድርጎ ለሠዋው ለኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ የተነገረ መሆኑ በወንጌላዊው ዮሓንስ ተጽፎ ይበነበባል፡ ይኽውም ጌታ የሚወድደውና ከሓዋርያት አንዱ የሆነው ይህ ዮሓንስ ከቅድስት ድንግል ማርያም ጋር ከጌታ መስቀል አጠገብ ቆሞ በዓይኖቹ ባየው የመሰከረው ነው። አዎን! ከጌታ መስቀል በቀኙና በግራው አብረው የተሰቀሉት ወንበዴዎች ስላልሞቱ ከመምሸቱ በፊት ከተሰቀሉበት ሊያወርዷቸው በዚያ የነበሩት ወታደሮች የሁለቱንም ወንጀለኞች ጭንና ጭናቸውን ሰበሩዋቸው፡ ጌታ ግን ቀደም ብሎ ነፍሱ በሰዓቷ ከሥጋው ሰለተለየች መሞቱን ለማወቅ ከወታደሮቹ አንዱ፡ ለንጊኖስየሚባለው ቀኝ ጎኑን በጦር ከመውጋቱ በቀር ከአጥንቱ አንዱንም ላለመስበራቸው ይኽው ዮሓንስ በዚያ የዓይን ምስክርነቱ በጻፈው የምሥራች ዜናው አረጋግጦታል።

የምስክርነት ቃሉም እንዲ የሚል ነው፦

አይሁድ ግን መሽቷልና የዚች ሰንበት ቀንም ታላቅ ናትና እነዚህ አስከሬኖች ስለሰንበት በየተሰቀሉበት አይደሩ! አሉ፡ ጭን ጭናቸውንም ሰብረው ያወርዷቸው ዘንድ ጲላጦስን ለመኑት። ወታደሮችም መጥተው አብረውት ተሰቅለው የነበሩትን የመጀመሪያውን ወንበዴ ጭን የሁለተኛውንም ሰበሩ። ወደ ጌታችን ኢየሱስም ሄደው ፈጽሞ እንደሞተ ባዩት ጊዜ ጭኑን አልሰበሩም። ነገር ግን ከወታደሮች አንዱ የቀኝ ጎኑን በጦር ወጋው፡ ያን ጊዜም ከእርሱ ደመና ውኃ ወጣ። ያየውም መሰከረ ምስክርነቱም እውነት ነው፡ እናንተም ታምኑ ዘንድ እርሱ እውነትን እንደሚናገር ያውቃል። ይህ ሁሉ የሆነው ከእርሱ አጥንቱን አትስበሩ ያለው የመጽሓፍ ቃል ይደርስ ይፈጸም ዘንድ ነው።

ያ የበጉ ደም የእሥራኤልን የበኵር ልጆች ከመቀሠፍና ከሥጋ ሞት እንዳዳነ ይህም ነዋ በግዑ ለእግዚአብሔር ዘየአትት ኃጥኣተ ዓለም፡ማለትም የዓለሙን ኃጢአት የሚያስወግድ እነሆ የእግዚአብሔር በግየተባለው ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ በመስቀል ላይ ተሠውቶ ባፈሰሰው ደሙ፡ እኛን ከኃጢአትና ከዘለዓለም ሞት አዳነን። እኒያ የእሥራኤል ሕዝብ በዚያን ጊዜ የታረደውን በግ፡ ደሙን በቤታቸው ውስጥ በልተው ከሰውነታቸው ጋር በማዋሓድ የዚያ ቀሣፊ መልአክ ሠይፍ በልተው ከሰውነታቸው ጋር በማዋሓድ የዚያ ቀሣፊ መልአክ ሠይፍ ካስከተለው ሞት እንደዳኑ ሁሉ እኛም ዛሬ የኢየሱስ ክርስቶስን ቅዱስ ሥጋውን በልተንና ክቡር ደሙን ጠጥተን ለኃጢአታችን የዘለዓለም ስርየትን ለሰውነታችንም የዘለዓለም ሕይወትን እናገኛለን።

ይህን የፋሲካውን ሥርዓት እንዲህ እንደኪዳን ኦሪቱ በየቤታችን እንደ ኪዳነ ምሕረቱ ደግሞ በቤተ ክርስቲያናችን የምንፈጽም እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን ብቻ ነን። ይህም ማለት በዚህ የትንሣኤ በዓላችን ለአዲስ ኪዳኑ ፋሲካችን መሥዋዕት ሆኖ ቀርቦ እንድንበላውና እንድንጠጣው የታዘዝነው፡ ለሥጋ ምግብነት በየቤታችን የታረደውን ፍሪዳና የተጠመቀውን መጠጥ ሳይሆን ለሁለንተናችን የሕይወት ምግብ ይኾነን ዘንድ፡ ከሰማይ የወረደውንና ከምድር የተገኘውን እውነተኛውና ዘለዓለማዊው የፋሲካ በጋችን የሆነውን የመድኃኒታችን የኢየሱስ ክርስቶስን ቅዱስ ሥጋና ክቡር ደም መሆኑን አውቀን በየዓመቱ በምትመጣው የትንሣኤ ሌሊት የዚሁ አምላካዊ ጸጋና በረከት ተካፋዮች በመሆን በፍጹም ሥጋዊ ደስታና መንፈሳዊ ሓሴት ልናከብራት ይገባል።

ብሩክ ፋሲካ!

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