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Posts Tagged ‘Erta Ale’

Nobel PP Laureate Abiy Ahmed: ‘I’ll Stay in Power for 10 Years Committing Genocide’

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 31, 2021

ይሄ ደም የጠማው የሌሊት ወፍ የብዙ ንጹሐን ክርስቲያኖችን ደም ሳያፈስ ወደ ኤርታ አሌ እሳተ ገሞራ ባፋጣኝ መጣል ይኖርበታል። አጋጣሚው ያላችውና “ኢትዮጵያን እንወዳታለን” የምትሉ ወገኖች ሁሉ ይህን አውሬ በእሳት መጥረግ ግዴታችሁ ነው። ኢትዮጵያን ለማጥፋት የተላክ አውሬ መሆኑን ስንቴ ይንገራችሁ? ስንቴስ ያሳያችሁ? ኦሮሞዎቹም እንደተለመደው ተናብበው ሆን ብለው የለቀቁትም ድምጽ ሊሆን ይችላል። ሆኖም እንዲህ ይቀበጣጠር ዘንድ አፉን ለሚከፍትልን አምላካችን ምስጋና ይድረሰው!!! የጊዮርጊስን ስለት የበላ ሳይገረፍ ይጮሃል።

😈 Leaked audio from recent closed meeting in which war criminal vampire-in-Chief Abiy Ahmed Ali asserts he will remain in power for 10 years using whatever means at his disposal. He told his cabinet members to prepare for more bloodshed as it is necessary to keep them all in power.

🔥 A Billion Wicked Thoughts as it’s meant to be heard. 😈 Abiy Ahmed Ali & Isaias Afewerki 😈 are the most evil monsters of this planet.

This monster is a vicious sociopath and will do anything he can to stay in power. His bloodlust – his desire for violence and bloodshed in vampire-like behavior is similar to vampire myths. He is a menace not only to Ethiopia, but to Africa and the entire world – he must be standing in the docks at The Hague, or thrown into the bottomless pit of The Erta Ale Lava Lake. The sooner the better!

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, Psychology, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mysterious Airbase Under Construction on Strategic Island off Yemen | Assab 2.0 of UAE?

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 25, 2021

The airbase also gives the controller access for operations into the Red Sea

A mysterious airbase is being built on a volcanic island—the Mayun Island off Yemen. No country has claimed the structure being built in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait.

The strait is one of the world’s crucial maritime chokepoints for both energy shipments and commercial cargo.is linked to the United Arab Emirates, AP reports.

Officials in Yemen’s government say that the UAE is behind the current attempt too. In 2019, UAE had announced that it was withdrawing its troops from a Saudi-led military campaign battling Yemen’s Houthi rebels.

Whoever controls an airbase on the Mayun island is automatically elevated to a position of power, as it allows them to launch airstrikes into conflict-ridden Yemen. The airbase also gives the controller access for operations into the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and nearby East Africa.

Dump trucks and graders building a 6,070-foot runway on the island can be seen on satellite images from Planet Labs Inc as of April 11.

Military officials have said that the recent tension between Yemeni President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi and the UAE was partly due to UAE demanding that the Yemeni government sign a 20-year lease for Mayun island.

The strategic location of the island also known as Perim island has been recognised internationally. The island was under British control until 1967 when they departed from Yemen.

Ass per a 1981 CIA analysis, the Soviet Union, allied with South Yemen’s Marxist government, upgraded Mayun’s naval facilities but used them intermittently.

Source

Officials in Yemen’s Internationally Recognized Government Now Say The Emiratis Are Behind This Latest Effort

The apparent decision by the Emiratis to resume building the air base comes after the UAE dismantled parts of a military base it ran in the East African nation of Eritrea as a staging ground for its Yemen campaign.

While the Horn of Africa “has become a dangerous place” for the Emiratis due to competitors and local war risks, Mayun has a small population and offers a valuable site for monitoring the Red Sea, said Eleonora Ardemagni, an analyst at the Italian Institute for International Political Studies. The region has seen a rise in attacks and incidents.

NYPost

🔥 “UAE Drone Massacre of Tigrayan Civilians | የኤሚራቶች ድሮን ድብደባ በንጹሐን የትግራይ ነዋሪዎች ላይ”

👉 ገብርኤል 👉 ማርያም 👉 ኡራኤል 👉 ጊዮርጊስ 👉 ተክለ ሐይማኖት 👉 ዮሴፍ 👉መድኃኔ ዓለም

👉 “የክርስቲያኖች ሃገር ነኝ” የምትለዋ ግን የኤዶማውያኑ ሃገር የሆነችው ባቢሎን አሜሪካ ተዋጊ ድሮኖቿን በጥንታዊው የትግራይ ክርስቲያን ሕዝብ ላይ ለመሞከር የእስማሌላውያኑን ሃገር ባቢሎን ኤሚራቶችን ተጠቀመች። እግዚአብሔር አያድርገው እንጂ እስክ ሁለት መቶ ሺህ ክርስቲያን ትግራዋይን ጨፍጭፋለች የሚል ግምት አለኝ። ይህ በደንብ ታቅዶ በክርስቲያን ኢትዮጵያ ላይ የተካሄድ የድሮን 🔥ጂሃድ ነው 🔥

👉 It’s Drone Jihad Against ❖ Christian Ethiopia – that Babylon America executed via UAE.

ከግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ እና ከ ኢሳያስ አፈቆርኪ እኩል የጦር ወንጀለኞች የሆኑት ኤሚራቶች ይህን ጭፍጨፋ በሚገባ ስለተረዱት በአሜሪካ ገፋፊነት ከአሰብ ባፋጣኝ ለቅቀው ወጡ። አሄሄሄ!

👉 “አረብ ኤሚሬቶች በጽዮን ልጆች ላይ የድሮን ጭፍጨፋ ተልዕኳቸውን ካሟሉ በኋላ አሁን ከአሰብ ሊወጡ ነው”

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Posted in Ethiopia, Infos, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

በ፮/6ሺህ ዓመቱ የፈነዳው እሳተ ገሞራ ምን ይጠቁመናል? | የ666ቱ እሳት በኢትዮጵያ?

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 23, 2021

ለ ፮ሺህ/6000 ዓመታት ተኝቶ የነበረ የአይስላንድ እሳተ ገሞራ ከዋና ከተማዋ ከራይካጃቪክ ብዙም ሳይርቅ ፈነዳ። እሳተ ገሞራው ምን አሳየን? ከአክሱም ጽዮን፣ ከጽላተ ሙሴ + ከኤርታ አሌ እሳተ ገሞራ ጋርስ ምን ያገናኘው ይሆን?

🔥 ከ በስተሰሜን = ቱርክ + ግብጽ = 666

🔥 ከበስተ ደቡብ እና ምዕራብ = ቱርክ + ሱዳን + ሶማሊያ = 666 ዘንዶው ኢትዮጵያን ሊውጣት ሲሞክር

የአውሬው 666 ጭፍሮች እነ ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ ቀበጣጠሩ ዝም አሉ፣ በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ የሠሯቸውን ወንጀሎች ተቀበሉ አልተቀበሉ ትርጉም የለውም! ዋጋ አይሰጠውም። (አረመኔው ግራኝ ዛሬ “እነሱ” (ኢትዮጵያ ዘ-ነፍስ) እና “እኛ” (ኢትዮጵያ ዘ-ስጋ) እያለ ምን ቀበጣጠረ፤ “እነሱ ሴቶቻቸው ነው የተደፈሩት ፤ የኛ ወታደሮች እኮ በሳንጃ ተደፍረዋል” ዋው! ዋው! ዋው! የእግዚአብሔር መልአክ ሳይወድ በግዱ አፉን ከፈተበት። ይህን ዲቃላ የዲያብሎስ ጭፍራ እኔ ነኝ በእሳት የምጠርገው! ቃል እገባለሁ! ከአሁን በኋላ የሚናገረው እግዚአብሔር ነው፤ ቅዱሳኑ ናቸው፣ እነ ቅዱስ ሚካኤል ናቸው፣ እነ አቡነ አረጋዊ ናቸው፣ የጽዮን ልጆች ናቸው። ይህንም በቅርቡ እናየዋለን!

❖❖❖ የመጨረሻ ጥሪ! ደቡባውያን ኢትዮጵያ ዘስጋ የአክሱም ጽዮን ጠላቶችና ተላላፊዎች ሆይ፥

ከአህዛብ አረቦችና ቱርኮች ታሪካዊ ጠላቶቻችን ጎን ተሰልፋችሁ ከመቶ ሺህ በላይ ንጹሐን ትግራዋያንን ያለ ርህራሄ የጨፈጨፋችሁ፣ ዛሬም የጽዮንን ልጆች በአሳዛኝ መልክ በማሰቃየት ላይ ያላችሁ “አማራ ነን፣ ኦሮሞ ነን፣ ደቡብ ነን” ባዮች እስከ መጭው የጌታችን ስቅለት ዕለት ድረስ ለትግራይ ሕዝብ ተንበርክካችሁ ይቅርታ ጠይቁ፣ ንስሐ ግቡ፥ ልባችሁንም መልሱ!❖❖❖

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Erta Ale Volcano: Earthquakes Can Reopen the Hell’s Gate in Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on July 18, 2017

ኢትዮጵያ የኑክሌር ሮኬት አያስፈልጋትም፤ ተፈጥሮ አድሏታል – እርጉም አረቦች ወዮላችሁ!!

እነሱ እንደሚያስቡት አይሆንም፤ ከላይ እፍፍ! የሚል የበላይ ኃይል አለ። ስለዚህ በመጀመሪያ ወደ ሳዑዲ ባርባርያንና ወዳጆቿ ምድር ተጉዞ እርጉሞቹን የዲያብሎስ ልጆች በመለብለብ ዓመድ በዓመድ አድርጎ ዘይት ፈልፍለው ካወጡበት የበረሃ አሸዋ ጋር ያቀላቅላቸዋል። ወደ መጡበት ይመለሳሉ!

Satellites at the beginning of this year identified new fissures near one of the world’s most active volcanoes, Erta Ale, in Ethiopia, also known as the “steaming mountain” and the “gate of hell.”

Source

[Revelation 16:8]

The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was allowed to scorch people with fire.”

Judgement Comes To The Wicked, And Salvation To The Just…

The Erta Ale Lava Lake: The Doorway To Hell

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Ethiopia’s Etra Ale volcano: The ‘Gateway to Hell’ is CRACKING

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 26, 2017

ertaale3

  • Lava lake inside Ethiopia’s Etra Ale volcano reaches searing temperatures exceeding 1,100 degrees Celsius
  • New fissures opened up about 7 kilometers (4 miles) from the summit caldera, spilling large amounts of lava
  • At least one of the lava lakes has experienced large changes in the level of its lava

NASA satellite imagery has spotted new cracks opening up near Africa’s ‘Gateway to Hell’ – more officially known as the Erta Ale volcano in Ethiopia.

Scientists think nearby tectonic activity is causing large amounts of lava to spill out of the large, flat shield volcano, which features two lava lakes that have been bubbling and burning for decades.

It’s one of the most spectacular sights in the natural world – not that you’d want to get too close, with lava temperatures inside these cauldrons reaching as high as 1,100 degrees Celsius (2,012 degrees Fahreneheit).

According to eyewitness reports, the lava lake levels have risen significantly over the past few weeks, producing “massive overflows” and “intense spattering” on top of the new fissures captured by NASA’s satellites on the southeastern flank of the volcano, 7 kilometres (4.3 miles) from the summit.

The picture above was captured by NASA’s Operational Land Imager (OLI) camera sat on board the Landsat 8 satellite: it combines natural colour and shortwave infrared light signals to identify smoke plumes as well as areas of increased temperature that would normally be invisible to the naked eye.

Where the infrared hot spots are marked in red on the image is where the overflowing lava channels are running.

These are the first flows beyond the volcano’s crater that have been seen in a decade, according to Gezahegn Yirgu from Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia.

While the nearby area is uninhabited, lava could could continue to flow towards the town of Afdera, Nazret.com reports, and so needs to be monitored.

The ‘Gateway to Hell’ and ‘Smoking Mountain’ nicknames locals use for Erta Vale are well deserved. Set 613 metres (2,011 feet) above sea level, it’s one of just five known volcanoes with molten lava lakes, and is the only one on record with two.

The site is part of the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia, where three tectonic plates are sliding away from each other as Africa and Asia move apart. In terms of average temperatures across the year, it’s one of the hottest placeson the planet.

Shield volcanoes like this are typically large and broad, with gentle slopes. They’re primarily built around fluid lava flows, and are less explosive than traditional volcanoes because the chemical make-up of the basalt lava in them is less likely to get plugged up.

How much longer tectonic movement will cause disruptions to Erta Ale isn’t clear, but the most recent reports suggest some of the overflowing has now stopped – which means the bravest photographers and tourists can venture back.

Previous visitors include Portuguese travel photographer Joel Santos, who made a dramatic video of his trip.

“Erta Ale is probably the most overwhelming, unreal and mesmerising sight one could see in a lifetime,” he told MailOnline.

Hell is really really HOT – ወዮላችሁ! to The Enemies of ZION

WeatherAugust2015

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Erta Ale Lava Lake: The Doorway To Hell

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 2, 2015

active-volcano-erta-ale-ethiopia-doorway-to-hell

For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.[Deuteronomy 32:22]

The agents of the Saudi serpent – who just separated Muslims and shot the Christians dead at the Kenyan university will soon be thrown into this pit of hell, the bottomless pit, unto Abyss along with every unsaved sinner. They call us “Abyssinia”, after all! By the way, will President Obama this afternoon give more attention to the ongoing genocide of Christians in the land of his father than to the shakmat games of the Mullahs of Iran and the Saudi Sheicks?

Ethiopia’s Erta Ale is the world’s oldest continuously active lava lake

The word Hell appears 54 times in the King James Bible, and in every place that it appears it says the same thing. Hell is a place of torment, trouble, and it is filled with an eternal burning that can never be quenched.

The prophet Isaiah tells us that in the Millennial Reign of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, there will actually be an open doorway in Jerusalem that will allow inhabitants of the Earth to see inside of Hell:

And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.” [Isaiah 66:24]

So it is with great fascination that we present to you today the place that is called the Doorway To Hell on Earth, Erta Ale in Ethiopia.

Photographer Tupy, 35, says he feared his camera would melt from the overwhelming heat of the lava as he captured the daunting scenes of the 150-ft wide basalt volcano.

The view is simply staggering,’ said the 35-year-old. ‘Lava inside the volcano is constantly moving, bubbling and bursting.’ ‘The heat was immense, when I got to an edge of the crater, it was unbearable. After couple of seconds, my facial skin was so hot, I had to get away.

There was even a point where I was afraid my camera was going to melt.’

The lava lake was so intense, and so hot that the photographer could not take it for more than a few seconds up close. How much worse will the actual Hell be for those who find themselves there 30 seconds after they die?

Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: “ [Matthew 25:41]

Oh, I know death doesnt “scare you” now. Not now while you’re healthy, life is good and death seems so far off and remote. But as sure as the sun rises, your end will arrive, and so much sooner than you think. And as you step out into a Christ-less eternity and realize, too late, that your sins are still unpaid for, you WILL come face to face with the Jesus you think you don’t need now. And in THAT day, as you have rejected Him here, He will also reject you there. And you will burn beyond the end of forever, with no one to hear your cries.

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Scientists Find Our Planet’s Inner Core Has ANOTHER Core of its Own

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 9, 2015

2583976F00000578-0-image-a-40_1423497703957

Geologists have used earthquakes to study the interior of the Earth’s core

  • Half of the 750 mile wide inner core appears to have a different structure
  • Scientists believed the inner core was thought to be a solid lump of iron
  • The new findings will mean that school textbooks may need to be rewritten
  • The iron crystals in the outer half of the inner core are aligned north south
  • Those in the innermost portion of the core point in a east/west direction
  • Scientists believe the inner core could tell us about how the Earth formed

While there’s no prehistoric land hidden at the centre of our planet, as author Jules Verne imagined, the Earth’s core may not at all be like what scientists have led us to believe.

Geologists have discovered that the Earth’s inner core – previously thought to be a solid lump of iron – may in fact have its own even smaller core within it.

Using the seismic waves that reverberate across the planet after earthquakes, researchers have been able to gain new insight into what lies at the centre of our world.

The findings could mean that our understanding of Earth’s interior, and its history, will need to be rewritten.

Scientists found that rather than a solid ball of iron lying within the molten mass of the outer core, the inner core changes in structure about half way through.

They discovered a distinct inner inner core that is about half the diameter of what was believed to be the solid inner core, which is about the size of the moon.

Professor Xianodong Song, a geologist at the University of Illinois, said the structure of two inner cores could help reveal new details about how the Earth first formed.

He said: ‘Even though the inner core is small – smaller than the moon – it has some really interesting features.

‘The fact that we have two regions that are distinctly different may tell us something about how the inner core has been evolving.

2583977B00000578-2946138-Magma_bursting_to_the_surface_like_in_the_lava_fountain_above_on-a-56_1423498790368

Magma bursting to the surface like in the lava fountain above on Erta Ale, Ethiopia is from only the second layer of the Earth’s interior but the planet has a complex structure with a solid metal core at its very centre

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Rotating liquid and solid cores at the centre of the Earth create the planets magnetic field, illustrated above

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Gateway to Hell: The Mysterious Volcanic Hot Springs of Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on July 27, 2014

Take a tour of this place that’s truly unlike anywhere else on Earth:
 
 
 
About 600 km north of Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, the district of Dallol paints a rather curious picture. The former mining settlement harbours a tiny population, last published in 2007 by the country’s Central Statistical Agency as 83,930, and it holds the current record for the highest average temperature of any inhabited place on Earth. Between 1960 and 1966, the average annual temperature was a toasty 35°C (96°F), but the temperature can regularly creep to over 46°C (115°f).
 
It’s also home to the incredible Dallol Volcano. At 48 metres below sea level, Dallol is Earth’s lowest land volcano, and its last recorded eruption was in 1926. Its craters contains hot springs that boast a whole range of otherworldly colours – including neon yellow – thanks to the hot magma bubbling below the surface. This magma heats the groundwater that flows into the area from the nearby highlands, and as the heated groundwater moves up towards the surface, it dissolves salt, sulphur, potash and other minerals and deposits them in the Dallol craters.
 
“The supersaturated brine emerges through hot springs in the floor of the craters,” says Hobart King at Geology.com. “As the brines evaporate in the hot arid climate, extensive salt formations are formed on the floor of the craters. These are coloured white, yellow, brown, orange and green by sulfur, dissolved iron, mud and the life activity of halophile algae.
 
It might look incredible, but Dallol poses quite a challenge to the stream of tourists that brave it every year. If they can stand the heat, there’s always the threat of acid pools and deadly gases to keep them on their toes: “Dallol craters are dangerous places to visit because their surface can be covered by a crust of salt with pools of hot acid water just inches below,” says King. “Toxic gases are sometimes released from craters.”
 
JULY 27, 2014 OPENING GATES OF HADES?

 
 
 
Back in December 2013, Apple’s iPhone assistant Siri ‘sometimes gives an odd response about “opening [the] gates of Hades,” the Greek mythological term for Hell, or the underworld, when one asks what will happen on July 27th, according to reports.
 
 
Source
 
Gateways to Hell
 
While in some belief systems, the afterlife can only be accessed by spiritual means, in others, the underworld could be accessed directly from the Earth. Here are 13 real spots that people have thought (and in a few cases, still do) lead straight to the lands of the dead.
 
Some of these involve the Christian concept of Hell, while others were supposed to lead to other (sometimes not unpleasant) afterlives.
 
Some of The Places on Earth People Believed Were Entrances to Hell
 
Erta Ale: In the north of Ethiopia, about a hundred miles west of the southern end of the Red Sea, is a bubbling caldera whose southern most pit is known locally as “The Gateway to Hell.”
 
The Ploutonion at Hierapolis: The ancient city of Hierapolis, near modern-day Pamukkale in Turkey was once home to a site considered sacred to Pluto, the god of the dead.
 
Fengdu, China: The 2,000-year-old City of Ghosts, located in Chongqing municipality, has long been thought to be the place the dead stopped on their way to the afterlife, though it seems to have gotten this reputation in a roundabout way.
 
The Seven Gates of Hell: A local legend claims that in the woods off Trout Run Road in Hellam Township, Pennsylvania, sit the Seven Gates of Hell. According to popular fiction, the gates appear near the site of a tragic asylum fire, and if you step through all seven gates, you land straight in Hell.
 
Mount Hekla: Iceland’s particularly active volcano developed a reputation as a gateway to Hell in the 12th century, after its 1104 eruption. Benedeit’s 1120 Anglo-Norman poem Voyage of St. Brendan mentions the volcano as the prison of Judas, the apostle who betrayed Jesus.
 
The Mayan Cenotes: The Maya certainly had some of the most picturesque entrances to the underworld. These natural underground waterways, located in Mexico and Central America, were thought to be the home of the rain god Chaak and portals to Xibalba, the afterlife. Caves were often seen as gateways to the afterlife in the Mayan worldview, literal passageways between the living world above and the realm below.
 
Mount Osore: The Europeans were hardly the only folks to believe that volcanoes marked the entrance to the underworld. Mount Osore, region filled with volcanic cauldrons located on the remote Shimokita Peninsula of Japan’s Honshu island, is literally named “Fear Mountain.”
 
 

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Adam & Eve

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 17, 2008

One can with certainty speak that the Biblical Garden of Eden lies in Ethiopia. We know that all people are descended from Adam and Eve, and more recently from Noah and his wife. Both the Biblical and scientific documents confirm that Adam & Eve were created in Ethiopia.

Could the Volcanoes in Ethiopia, have been the birth place of life? Could the active volcano, “Erta Ale” in the Danakil area, be the very first kitchen, where God mixed his secret genetic soup? Could Lake Tana, the Garden of Eden, to the west and 300 miles from Erta Ale be the very first dining place where Adam & Eve had their first meal of the grain of paradise?

Did Volcanoes Spark Life on Earth?

Science.com
16 October 2008

A once-discarded idea about how life started on our planet has been given a new life of its own, thanks to a serendipitous find.

The story traces back to the early 1950s, when chemists Stanley Miller and Harold Urey of the University of Chicago in Illinois tried to recreate the building blocks of life under conditions they thought resembled those on the young Earth. The duo filled a closed loop of glass chambers and tubes with water and different mixes of hydrogen, ammonia, and methane–gases presumed at the time to be the main constituents of the atmosphere billions of years ago. Then, in an attempt to confirm a hypothesis that lightning may have triggered the origin of life, they zapped the mixture with an electrical current. The researchers then analyzed the gunk that began to collect after a few hours.
The residue contained traces of some of the amino acids that make up proteins. Their presence suggested that the molecular precursors of life could form through a simple electrochemical process. The problem was that theoretical models and analyses of ancient rocks eventually convinced scientists that Earth’s earliest atmosphere was not rich in hydrogen.

Last year, after Miller’s death, two of his former graduate students–geochemists Jim Cleaves of the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW) in Washington, D.C., and Jeffrey Bada of Indiana University, Bloomington–were examining samples left in their mentor’s lab. They discovered the vials of products from the original experiment and decided to take a second look with updated technology. Using extremely sensitive mass spectrometers at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, Cleaves, Bada, and colleagues found traces of 22 amino acids in the experimental residues. That is about double the number originally reported by Miller and Urey and includes all of the 20 amino acids found in living things, the scientists report tomorrow in Science.

So could lightning have helped jump-start life on Earth? Possibly, Cleaves says. Although Earth’s primordial atmosphere was not hydrogen-rich, as were the chambers in the Miller-Urey experiment, gas clouds from volcanic eruptions did contain the right combination of molecules. It is possible that volcanoes, which were much more active early in Earth’s history, seeded our planet with life’s ingredients. The big question is what happened next–how did those molecules turn into self-replicating organic compounds? “That’s the frontier,” Cleaves says, “and we’re sort of stuck there.”

The new study “highlights how easy it is to make the building blocks of life in plausible prebiotic conditions,” says geochemist Robert Hazen of CIW, who was not involved in the research. At the same time, he says, the findings reinforce “the pioneering insight and experiments of Stanley Miller and Harold Urey.”

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