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Posts Tagged ‘Archeology’

የምሥራች! የምሥራች | ቅዱስ ፊሊጶስ ኢትዮጵያዊውን ጃንደረባ/ በጅሮንድን ያጠመቀበት ገንዳ ተገኘ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 2, 2018

ይህ እጅግ በጣም ትልቅ ግኝት ነው፤ እልልል! እንበል ወገኖች፤ በጥምቀት ማግስት ይህን መሰል ዜና!!!

በባይዛንታይን ዘመን የተሠሩ መጠመቂያ ገንዳዎች እና ፏፏቴ በእስራኤል ውስጥ ተገኝተዋል

ሚስጥራዊ አርኪኦሎጂስቶች የ 1,500 አመት እድሜ ያላቸው የውኃ ማጠራቀሚያዎች እና በጥንታዊው የክርስትና ቦታ ምስሎች ያጌጡ ድንቅየፏፏቴ ኮረብታዎች አግኝተዋል።

በኢየሩሳሌም የሚገኙ አርኪኦሎጂስቶች የክርስትና እምነት እጅግ ታዋቂ ከሆኑት ባሕረ ጥምቀቶች መካከል አንዱ የሆነውን የ 1,500 ዓመታት የውኃ ገንዳ እና የፏፏቴ ውኃ አግኝተዋል

የውኃ ማጠራቀሚያው በአዲስ ኪዳን ውስጥ የተገለጸ ቁልፍ ታሪክ ሆኖ ያገለግል የነበረ ሲሆን ሐዋርያው ፊሊፖስ ኢትዮጵያዊን ጃንደረባ/ በጅሮንድን ያጠመቀበት ገንዳ ነው።

ቦራውና ቅርጻ ቅርጾ የሚገኙት በኢየሩሳሌም ኢንያን ሐና አውራጃ ነው፣ ይህም በይሁዳ ኮረብታዎች ሁለተኛውን ደረጃ የያዘ ነው።

ኢንያን ሐና አካባቢ በአይሁድ ባህል አቅራቢያ በአይሁድ መሐንዲሶች ተገኝተዋል.

ውሃው ገንዳ ለመስኖ ለእጥበት ለመሬት ገጽታ ወይም ምናልባትም ጥምቀት ሥነ ሥርዓቶች ያገለግል ነበር።

አርኪኦሎጂስቶች በ 2012 . እስከ 2016 . ድረስ ቦታውን በቁፋሮ ያገኙት ሲሆን፤ ግን በዚህ ሳምንት መጀመሪያ ላይ ላይ ነው ለሕዝብ ይፋ ሊሆን የበቃው።

አዳዲሶቹ ገንዳዎች ከክርስቶስ ልደት በኋላ ከ4ኛው እስከ 6ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን ባሉት ጊዚያት የተገነቡ ናቸው።

ይህ በባይዛንታይን ዘመን የተገነባው ገንዳ በተለያዩ ምስሎች ሸበረቀ ድንቅፏፏቴ ወደ ማጠራቀሚያ ጣቢያዎች ይጓታል::

የውኃ ማጠራቀሚያ በኢየሩሳሌም ውስጥ ውስጥ የመጀመሪያው እንደሆነ የሳይንስ ሊቃውን ይናገራሉ

ሳይንቲስቶቹ እንደገለጹት, ይህ ገንዳ 3000 ዓመታት በፊት፣ በመጀመሪያው የቤተ መቅደ ዘመን የተገነባ የንጉሳዊ ቤተሰብ ንብረት ሊሆን እንደሚችል ይገምታሉ።

ሳይንቲስቶች እንደገለጹት ኢንያን ሐና በሚገኘው ፏፏቴ ውስጥ የኒምፍ ምስሎች የተቀረጹ ሲሆን በኢየሩሳሌም ውስጥ የመጀመሪያው ዓይነትመሆኑ ነው።

የእስራኤላውያን ቅርሶች ባለሥልጣን በኢንያን ሐና አካባቢ በይሁዳ ቅጥር ግቢ ውስጥ አንድ ምንጭ እና ጥንታዊ ኩሬዎችን አግኝቷል ከኢየሩሳሌም ብዙ የማይርቀው የረፋይም ሸለቆ ብሔራዊ ፓርክ አካል ነው

በቦታው ላይ የተገኘ የ 2,400 ዓመታት እድሜ ያለው ዓምድ ግቢው የንጉሣዊ ንብረት እንደነበር ያመለክታል

ገንዳው በአንድ ወቅት ሰፊ በነበረው ግቢ ውስጥ የነበረውን አንድ ቤተ ክርስቲያን እንደ ጥምቀተ ባሕር ያገለግል ነበር።

ባለሙያዎቹ ቦታውን እንደገና ወደ ቀድሞ ሁኔታው እንዲመለሱ ለማድረግ በመቻላቸው ፏፏቴው በሥራ ላይ ነው

ገንዳው ወይም ጥምቀተ ባሕሩ በጣም አስገራሚ የሆነ ግኝት ሊሆን እንደሚችል ተገልጿል።

ኢንያን ሐና ቅዱስ ፊሊፖስ ኢትዮጵያዊ ጃንደረባ/ በጅሮንድን ያጠመቀበት ቦታ ነው ተብሎ በሰፊው ይታመናልይህም የኢትዮጵያን ቤተ ክርስቲያን ጅማሬ ያመለክታል

ኢትዮጵያዊው ጃንደረባ/ በጅሮንድ መጠመቂያ ገንዳ መሆኑ ከተረጋገጠ ይህ ቦታ ክርስትናን በማሰራጨቱ ረገድ ዘንድ ቁልፍ ሚና ከተጫወቱት ድርጊቶች መካከል አንዱ ይሆናል

የኢየሩሳሌም አውራጃ አርኪዎሎጂ ባለሞያ የሆኑት ዩቫርስ ባሮክ እንደገለጹት የተገኙበትን ቦታ ለይቶ ማወቅ በርካታ ትውልዶችን መስዋዕት የጠየቀና፡ በክርስቲያናዊ ሥነ ጥበብ በኩልም የተለመደ ነገር ለመሆን መብቃቱንም ተናግረዋል ።

ከኩሬው እና ከፏፏቴው በተጨማሪ የሳይንስ ሊቃውንት በቦታው ላይ የተለያዩ እንቁራሪቶችን አግኝተዋል የሸክላ የብርጭቆ የጣራ ግድግዳዎችን፣ ሳንቲሞችን እና በርካታ ቀለም ያላቸው ቅርፊቶች አግኝተዋል። በበርካታ ቀለማት የተሰሩ ጥንታዊ ቅርጻ ቅርጾችን ጨምሮ ያልተለመዱ ትናንሽ መጫወቻዎችንም አግኝተዋል።

የሳይንስ ሊቃውን ግሪክ ገንዘብ ድራክማዎችንም አግኝተዋል።

እነዚህ ነገሮች ቦታው ከክርስቶስ ልደት በፊት በ 4 ኛው እና 6 ኛ ክፍለ ዘመን በደንብ ይንቀሳቀስ እንደነበር የሳይንስ ሊቃውንቱ አውስተዋል።

[የኢንያን ሐና] አሁንም ድረስ ክርስቲያኖችን ያገለግላል፤ በተለይ የአርሜኒያ እና የኢትዮጵያ ዓብያተ ክርስቲያናት የሃይማኖታዊ ሥነ ሥርዓቶችን በዚህ ቦታ ማከናወናቸው ያለምክኒያት አለመሆኑን እስራኤላዊው ዩቫል ባሮክ በተጨማሪ ጠቁመዋል።

ምንጭ

የሐዋርያት ሥራ ምዕራፍ ፰፥፳፮፡፵

፳፮ የጌታም መልአክ ፊልጶስን። ተነሥተህ በደቡብ በኩል ከኢየሩሳሌም ወደ ጋዛ ወደሚያወርደው ምድረ በዳ ወደ ሆነ መንገድ ሂድ አለው።

፳፯ ተነሥቶም ሄደ። እነሆም፥ ህንደኬ የተባለች የኢትዮጵያ ንግሥት አዛዥና ጃንደረባ የነበረ በገንዘብዋም ሁሉ የሠለጠነ አንድ የኢትዮጵያ ሰው ሊሰግድ ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም መጥቶ ነበር፤

፳፰ ሲመለስም በሰረገላ ተቀምጦ የነቢዩን የኢሳይያስን መጽሐፍ ያነብ ነበር።

፳፱ መንፈስም ፊልጶስን። ወደዚህ ሰረገላ ቅረብና ተገናኝ አለው።

ፊልጶስም ሮጦ የነቢዩን የኢሳይያስን መጽሐፍ ሲያነብ ሰማና። በውኑ የምታነበውን ታስተውለዋለህን? አለው።

፴፩ እርሱም። የሚመራኝ ሳይኖር ይህ እንዴት ይቻለኛል? አለው። ወጥቶም ከእርሱ ጋር ይቀመጥ ዘንድ ፊልጶስን ለመነው።

፴፪ ያነበውም የነበረ የመጽሐፉ ክፍል ይህ ነበረ፤ እንደ በግ ወደ መታረድ ተነዳ፥ የበግ ጠቦትም በሸላቹ ፊት ዝም እንደሚል፥ እንዲሁ አፉን አልከፈተም።

፴፫ በውርደቱ ፍርዱ ተወገደ፤ ሕይወቱ ከምድር ተወግዳለችና ትውልዱንስ ማን ይናገራል?

፴፬ ጃንደረባውም ለፊልጶስ መልሶ። እባክህ፥ ነቢዩ ይህን ስለ ማን ይናገራል? ስለ ራሱ ነውን ወይስ ስለ ሌላ? አለው።

፴፭ ፊልጶስም አፉን ከፈተ፥ ከዚህም መጽሐፍ ጀምሮ ስለ ኢየሱስ ወንጌልን ሰበከለት።

፴፮ በመንገድም ሲሄዱ ወደ ውኃ ደረሱ፤ ጃንደረባውም። እነሆ ውኃ፤ እንዳልጠመቅ የሚከለክለኝ ምንድር ነው? አለው።

፴፯ ፊልጶስም። በፍጹም ልብህ ብታምን፥ ተፈቅዶአል አለው። መልሶም። ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ የእግዚአብሔር ልጅ እንደ ሆነ አምናለሁ አለ።

፴፰ ሰረገላውም ይቆም ዘንድ አዘዘ፥ ፊልጶስና ጃንደረባው ሁለቱም ወደ ውኃ ወረዱ፥ አጠመቀውም።

፴፱ ከውኃውም ከወጡ በኋላ የጌታ መንፈስ ፊልጶስን ነጠቀው፤ ጃንደረባውም ሁለተኛ አላየውም፥ ደስ ብሎት መንገዱን ይሄድ ነበርና።

ፊልጶስ ግን በአዛጦን ተገኘ፥ ወደ ቂሣርያም እስኪመጣ ድረስ እየዞረ በከተማዎች ሁሉ ወንጌልን ይሰብክ ነበር።

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Archeologists Discover Ancient Cross Belonging To Crusader Warrior Inside The Tomb Of Jesus Christ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 7, 2016

My Note: Please read this remarkable information in the context of these two wicked church leaders who recently removed their Crosses in Jerusalem.

Archeologists discovered an ancient Cross belonging to a Crusader warrior from the 13th century. As we read in one report:

Researchers have announced new revelations in their ongoing restoration of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem, believed to be the tomb where Jesus Christ was buried before His resurrection, and have discovered an engraved cross believed to have been left by 12th century crusaders.

The Mirror reports that workers at the famous church, which has been rebuilt and destroyed numerous times throughout the centuries, have lifted the tomb’s marble lid for the first time in 500 years. Previously, they discovered the limestone shelf where Jesus’s body is believed to have been placed after His crucifixion.

Now, they have also found a second gray marble slab they did not know about before, which is reportedly engraved with a cross carved by 12th century crusaders.

The most amazing thing for me was when we removed the first layer of dust and found a second piece of marble,” said Fredrik Hiebert of National Geographic, a partner in the restoration project.

This one was grey, not creamy white like the exterior, and right in the middle of it was a beautifully inscribed cross. We had no idea that was there,” he added.

Hiebert said getting the Greek Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church and the Armenian Orthodox Church leaders responsible for the tomb to agree to open it for repairs was a difficult task, but he was very glad when the communities came to an agreement, allowing the project to go ahead.

Everything has to be approved by the committee, so even changing a candle takes a long time,” the researcher revealed.

There is a ladder by the main entrance to the church that hasn’t moved in 240 years and they still haven’t reached a decision. It’s called the immovable ladder,” he added.

So the fact we were finally allowed to carry out this work is a triumph of negotiation.”

The archaeologists are using radar and thermographic scanners to gather information from the insides of the tomb before unsealing it, but have warned that the data is so extensive that it will take months to analyze.

The MailOnline shared dozens of new images last week of the $3.7 million restoration project, which is expected to continue into spring 2017.

Part of the project will also seek further evidence to support the claim that the tomb is indeed the location where Jesus was buried.

What a sublime moment, what a beautiful thing to behold! The God-Man, the Center of all mortals, the One Who Is, the I AM, became one with Humanity to war against the prince of darkness, to destroy the works of devil, and in the most pertinent of battles, the war for mankind’s soul, Christ died. It seemed as though the General of Heaven’s armies was crushed, defeated and had lost. In the tomb He lay, holy women came by with spices of sweet fragrance and aroma, but lo, they saw Him, triumphant over death, conquering and triumphed. He vanquished the serpent, He bridged humanity to God, He assailed the greatest foe, He surpassed death and laughed at him.

The acolytes of the darkness, the followers of Muhammad, overran the sacred land upon which God walked, upon which God conversed with His earliest disciples, upon which God looked to the city on a hill, glistening on the ascended sun, and wept. They conquered the land and slaughtered the people, the desecrated the holy sites and the churches, they ravished the women and slaughtered the priests, they tormented and crucified the inhabitants.

The Church of Rome, glorious and full of valor, called for the warriors of Christ to emulate their Savior, to take up the Cross as He took up the Cross, to ascend the mountain of sacred struggle as He treaded upwards with the most dolorous of labors to Mount Golgotha, to combat the agents of Satan as He crushed the serpent in the cosmic war for man’s soul.

The eye could have beheld all those men, countless and innumerable in their multitudes, taking up their crosses and carrying the holy wood with Christ, as Simon of Cyrene bore the weight of the Crucifixion when he lifted the heavy gibbet with the Savior. They marched into Jerusalem, and as they ascended the mountain of eternal struggle, they combated the enemies of the Cross in the midst of the heavenly Mount Zion, being in the presence of the holy warriors of bygone times. The rays of the sun gleamed upon their armor, blood and sweat tinged their faces, from their actions beamed the effulgent light that emanates from self-abnegation.

A holy people, a holy nation, under whom stood as their King — the Christ and His Mother, the Queen of Heaven, the one in whose womb Divinity became one with Humanity — they laughed at death, for in their hearts was the Defeater of death. With tears in their did they remember Christ, after the battle was finally over; with praises from their mouths did they remember the victory of Mount Golgotha, and as the moon receives glory from the sun, so did the light of glory shine through their actions from the sacrifice of their king.

In that land, which was now ruled by Christendom’s hands, soldiers of the Cross entered the tomb where death was defeated, and one of them, after stern contemplation, on death and on life, on saints and on the sacred, left a cross behind, and till this day it reminds us, of the beauty of sacrifice.

Source

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Mysteries Surround The Opening Of Christ’s Tomb

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on November 28, 2016

“Sweet Aromas” And “electromagnetic Disturbances” Surprised The Observers Of This Historic Event

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On October 26, 27 and 28, 2016, the marble slab that covers the tomb of Christ was removed. As the group of scientists and religious authorities had access to the place, rumors immediately began to run around. Some rumors claimed it was possible to perceive a “sweet aroma” emanating from the tomb, reminiscent of the olfactory manifestations commonly associated with both Marian and saintly apparitions. Secondly, it was alleged that some of the measuring instruments used by scientists were altered by electromagnetic disturbances. As soon as they were placed vertically on the stone in which Christ’s body rested, the devices either malfunctioned or ceased to work at all.

Marie-Armelle Beaulieu, editor-in-chief of Terre Sainte Magazine, was given permission to visit the site, and remains reluctant about the rumors associated with the alleged “sweet scent.” In addition to stating that a smell is easily suggestible, she also noted she did not perceive any particular perfume at all. On the other hand, during the last partial opening, made by the architect Nikolaos Komnenos in 1809, the chronicler also made mention of a “sweet aroma.” People who are interested in the tomb of the Holy Sepulcher are well acquainted with this text, so it is possible that they might respond to unconscious suggestion about having perceived such a smell.

Electromagnetic Disturbances

But the journalist is much less hesitant regarding the electromagnetic disturbances recorded by the scientists’ instruments. The phenomenon was confirmed by one of the scientists authorized to access the tomb. Later, one of the heads of the building and construction team, Antonia Moropoulou, indicated that it is really hard to imagine that someone would be willing to put in danger his or her reputation just because of a “publicity stunt.” Moreover, the journalist testifies to the scientists’ surprise during the opening of the slab: they hoped that the grave would be much lower than it was. Their conclusion: previously performed analyses with the instruments seemed to have been distorted by an electromagnetic disturbance.

It seems, lacking any other explanatory element, the tomb of Christ indeed affected instruments sensitive to electromagnetic disturbances. However, possible explanations on the motives for such a phenomenon do not fall short of speculation among those who are passionate about the Holy Sepulcher. And, needless to say, those speculations range from the most elaborate to the most ridiculous.

Only The Tomb Of Christ?

The opening of the slab and the revelation of the stone where the body of Christ would have rested have demonstrated the tomb indeed matches the Jewish tombs of the 1st century. But according to Marie-Armelle Beaulieu, the essential core of the issue is to be found elsewhere. “I would be delighted if a scientific expert proved that this stone was indeed where Christ rested, but even if it were proven otherwise, it would still be a sign of the Resurrection.”

The journalist, who has been a resident in Jerusalem for the last 17 years, was part of the exclusive, privileged group that was granted access to the place. As she confesses: “The church of the Holy Sepulcher is a disconcerting place. At first I did not like it very much. I was expecting a beautiful church and I found this place of strange architecture, which does not recall anything of the biblical scenes. There is no trace of the garden of the tomb, for example.”

But gradually I developed an attachment, during the processions in which I participated along with the Franciscans. It is not a place to visit, but rather a place to pray. Thanks to a friar, I was able to walk all the way in, until I reached the rock that supported the body of Christ, something I could not have imagined … I felt somehow weightless, but I remember all the details. I will never go visit the Holy Sepulcher in the same way.

Right now, they have replaced the marble slab on top, and one can only partially see the crypt, through an opening [protected with a shielded glass]. But I know the stone is there. I had the habit of genuflecting before the tomb of Christ, and then I reflected and thought it was absurd, as there was no real Presence there, and that one should rather genuflect in front of the Blessed Sacrament. But in the Holy Sepulcher, in front of this tomb, there is a ‘real absence.’ An empty tomb. A miracle before which all knees bend, in Heaven, on Earth and in Hell.”

Source

Crazy Claim This Picture Is Proof Jesus Travelled Through Time And Brought Back Satellite

christsputnik

CONSPIRACY theorists claim this painting could be proof of time travel amid claims it shows Jesus with a Sputnik Satellite-like object.

The painting – The Glorification of the Eucharist painted by Ventura Salimbeni in 1595 which hangs in Florence, Italy, – The top part shows the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, and a dove depicting the Holy Ghost holding what seems to be a space satellite.

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Dazzling jewels from an Ethiopian grave reveal 2,000-year-old link to Rome

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on June 7, 2015

Grave-in-Ethiopia-008

British archaeology team uncovers stunning Aksumite and Roman artefacts

Spectacular 2,000-year-old treasures from the Roman empire and the Aksumite kingdom, which ruled parts of north-east Africa for several centuries before 940AD, have been discovered by British archaeologists in northern Ethiopia.

Louise Schofield, a former British Museum curator, headed a major six-week excavation of the ancient city of Aksum where her team of 11 uncovered graves with “extraordinary” artefacts dating from the first and second centuries. They offer evidence that the Romans were trading there hundreds of years earlier than previously thought.

Schofield told the Observer: “Every day we had shed-loads of treasure coming out of all the graves. I was blown away: I’d been confident we’d find something, but not on this scale.”

She was particularly excited about the grave of a woman she has named “Sleeping Beauty”. The way the body and its grave goods had been positioned suggest that she had been beautiful and much-loved.

Schofield said: “She was curled up on her side, with her chin resting on her hand, wearing a beautiful bronze ring. She was buried gazing into an extraordinary Roman bronze mirror. She had next to her a beautiful and incredibly ornate bronze cosmetics spoon with a lump of kohl eyeliner.”

The woman was also wearing a necklace of thousands of tiny beads, and a beaded belt. The quality of the jewellery suggests that she was a person of very high status, able to command the very best luxurious goods. Other artefacts with her include Roman glass vessels – two perfectly preserved drinking beakers and a flask to catch the tears of the dead.

There was also a clay jug. Schofield hopes that its contents can be analysed. She believes it would have contained food and drink for the afterlife.

Although “Sleeping Beauty” was covered only with soil, her grave was cut into a rock overhang, which is why the finds survived intact.

The team also found buried warriors, with each skeleton wearing large iron bangles. They may have been killed in nearby battlefields.

Other finds include another female skeleton with a valuable necklace of 1,065 coloured glass beads, and, elsewhere, a striking glass perfume flask.

In 2012, the Observer reported that Schofield’s earlier excavations in the region had discovered an ancient goldmine that may solve the mystery of from where the Queen of Sheba of biblical legend derived her fabled treasures.

Aksum, the capital of the Aksumite kingdom, was a major trading power from the first to the seventh centuries, linking the Roman Empire and India. Aksumites were a literate people. Yet little is known about this so-called “lost”’ civilisation.

Ethiopia is a mysterious place steeped in legend, but nobody knows very much about it,” said Schofield. “We know from the later Aksumite period – the fourth and fifth centuries, when they adopted Christianity – that they were trading very intensely with Rome. But our finds are from much earlier. So it shows that extraordinarily precious things were travelling from the Roman Empire through this region centuries before.”

In return, the Romans sought ivory tusks, frankincense and metals. Schofield’s excavations also found evidence of iron working.

The finds will go to a new German-funded museum, opening in October. Schofield hopes to organise a loan to the British Museum, but first the finds must be conserved: the mirror, for example, is corroded and slightly buckled. Germany is sending nine conservators.

Excavations were paid for by the Sainsbury family’s Headley Trust and the Tigray Trust, a charity that promotes sustainability in the region; and by individual donations.

Source

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A Forest of Crosses And Names of Martyrs in The Desert of Saudi Arabia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 20, 2015

And Babylon, the beauty of kingdoms, the glory of the Chaldeans’ pride, Will be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. 20It will never be inhabited or lived in from generation to generation; Nor will the Arab pitch his tent there, Nor will shepherds make their flocks lie down there“ [Isaiah 13:19-20]

Babylon-Mecca-666

A Franco-Saudi archaeological team is responsible for the discovery. Prof Frédéric Imbert dated the graffiti to 470-475, a time when anti-Christian persecution began, culminating under the usurper Yusuf. Even the Qur’an refers to it indirectly. The findings show how far Christianity had spread at the time, until the arrival of Islam.

A forest of crosses engraved in the rocks of the desert of Saudi Arabia is a sign of the presence of a vibrant Christian community around the fifth century AD.

Unearthed by a Saudi-French archaeological team, the graffiti include inscriptions with a number of biblical and Christian names, perhaps those of martyrs killed during a wave of persecution in the fifth century.

L’Orient-Le Jour reported that Prof Frédéric Imbert, a professor at the University of Aix-Marseille and a member of the team, presented his findings at a conference at the American University of Beirut on the rock engravings of Jabal Kawkab (“Star Mountain”), in Najran, southern Saudi Arabia.

The area is called Bi’r Hima or Abar Hima, names “that refer to places with wells known since ancient times.” According to Imbert, an epigrapher, the area is located on the route “that connected Yemen to Najran” where caravans could be resupplied in water.

Inscriptions were found with crosses, scattered over a one-square kilometre. Some inscriptions appear to be in a local version of Aramaic, a pre-Islamic form of Arabic, Nabataean-Arabic to be more precise.

The inscriptions have been dated to the reign of Shurihbil Yakkuf, who controlled southern Arabia in 470-475. The persecution of Christians appears to have started under his rule.

It is interesting to note that the names Marthad and Rabi were found inscribed on the crosses. Both are on the list of martyrs of Najran, in the so-called Book of Himyarites.

In order to understand crosses and rock inscriptions, it is necessary to know that back in the 3rd century AD, southern Arabia was ruled by the Ḥimyarite dynasty, which lasted for about 150 years.

In order to maintain its neutrality between the two great powers of the time, the Byzantine and Persian empires, its kings chose Judaism as their religion.

However, Christianity began to spread in Arabia in the fourth century. By “the sixth century, it reached the Gulf region, Najran and the Yemen coast”.

The missionary activities of Christians from Iran’s Sassanid Empire and Monophysite Christians from Syria hostile to the Council of Chalcedon (on Christ’s dual nature) favoured the spread of Christianity. Two Syriac bishops, probably from what is now Iraq, were consecrated in 485 and 519.

Later, Yusuf (Dhu Nuwas) seized power in the Kingdom of Ḥimyar, ordering the massacre of Christians in Najran, an event reported in several Christian chronicles, with a reference even in the Qur’an, in Shura Al-Burūj (The Celestial Stations).

When Christian survivors sent an appeal to Khaleb, King of Ethiopia, he organised a military expedition to rescue the persecuted. Yusuf’s army was defeated and the usurper himself was killed. A Christian kingdom was established in Arabia, as an Ethiopian protectorate, until it was conquered by Islam.

For Frédéric Imbert, the crosses and the inscriptions are “the oldest book of the Arabs,” written “on desert stones,” a “page of Arab and Christian history”.

Source

My Note: So, Monotheism, or faith in One God was not first introduced to the Arab tribes  — as Muslims claim by Mohammed, rather 600 / 2000 years prior to Islam by Jews and Christians. They just betrayed The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to claim another god to smear their desert sand with the blood of Jews and Christians.

A thoughtful commentator wrote the following:

“I keep wondering just how much more we’d know about both Jewish/ Hebrew/ Israelite history, and the history of Christianity, including the canonical texts of both groups, if Islam had never been invented. Just how many records – priceless torah scrolls and all sorts of other things – and early manuscripts or even (who knows?) original manuscripts of things like the Christian gospels – were destroyed in the initial jihad assaults or in all the pogroms, synagogue and church burnings, pillagings, sackings of villages, towns and cities (with concomitant destruction of reliigious communities and their libraries and of private or school libraries) that went on , and on, and on, subsequent to that initial conquest? The real miracle is that *anything* of the pre-islamic artefacts and written documents has survived at all. And the same goes for India, in spades; how much more would we know about their deep history and their ideas and literature, if Muslims had never invaded and destroyed all those temples and cities and places like the University of Nalanda?

Little Known Key Event In World History

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Archaeologists Discover Queen of Sheba’s Gold

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 12, 2012

“The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.” [Matthew 12:42]


A British excavation has struck archaeological gold with a discovery that may solve the mystery of where the Queen of Sheba derived her fabled treasures

A British excavation has struck archaeological gold with a discovery that may solve the mystery of where the Queen of Sheba of biblical legend derived her fabled treasures.

Almost 3,000 years ago, the ruler of Sheba, which spanned modern-day Ethiopia and Yemen, arrived in Jerusalem with vast quantities of gold to give to King Solomon. Now an enormous ancient goldmine, together with the ruins of a temple and the site of a battlefield, have been discovered in her former territory.

Louise Schofield, an archaeologist and former British Museum curator, who headed the excavation on the high Gheralta plateau in northern Ethiopia, said: “One of the things I’ve always loved about archaeology is the way it can tie up with legends and myths. The fact that we might have the Queen of Sheba’s mines is extraordinary.”

An initial clue lay in a 20ft stone stele (or slab) carved with a sun and crescent moon, the “calling card of the land of Sheba”, Schofield said. “I crawled beneath the stone – wary of a 9ft cobra I was warned lives here – and came face to face with an inscription in Sabaean, the language that the Queen of Sheba would have spoken.”

 

Continue reading…

 

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