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Posts Tagged ‘Amnesty International’

German Radio | War Crimes in Ethiopia | So Cruel That One’s Words Are Missing

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on September 3, 2021

💭 Kriegsverbrechen in Äthiopien | So Grausam, Dass Einem Die Worte Fehlen

💭 የጦር ወንጀሎች በኢትዮጵያ | በጣም ጨካኝ ከመሆኑ የተነሳ ቃላት ያጣሉ

💭 War Crimes in Ethiopia | So Cruel That One’s Words Are Missing

በሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ በትግራይ ክልል ጦርነት አለ። ሴቶች በጭካኔ ይደፈራሉ ፣ ወንዶችም ይጨፈጨፋሉ ሲል አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ዘግቧል። እንደ ጀርመን ያሉ አገሮች በመንግሥት ላይ ጫና ማሳደር አለባቸው በማለት ፣ የሰብዓዊ መብት ድርጅቱ ይጠይቃል።

በሰሜን በኩል በማዕከላዊው መንግሥት እና በትግራይ ክልል መካከል ያለው ትግል በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ እየተባባሰ መጥቷል። አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል የሴቶች ሕይወት ምን ያህል እንደተበላሸና በሴቶች ላይ የሚደርሰው ጥቃት ሥርዓትዊ/መንግስታዊ መሆኑንን በሰነድ ዘርዝሯል።

የጥቃት መጠኑም ሆነ የአፈፃፀሙ መጠን በጣም አስፈሪ እና ጨካኝ በመሆኑ በትግራዋያን ላይ እየደረሰ ያለውን ግፍ ለመግለጽ ምንም ቃላት የሉም ሲሉ የአምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ፍራንዚስካ ኡልምዱስተርሆፍ ተናግረዋል። የጥቃቱ ተዋናዮች ማንኛውንም ተመጣጣኝነትን አጥተዋል.”

ተጎጂዎች ጥቃት ብቻ ሳይሆን የደረሰባቸው እነርሱን ሰብአዊነትአልባ ለማድረግና እና ለማዋረድ ሞክረዋል። “ወንዶች ይደበደባሉ ፣ በትንኮሳ ይቸገራሉ ፣ እንዲሁም በሰልፍ በመደዳ ይጨፈጨፋሉ። ሴቶች በአስከፊ ሁኔታ ይደፈራሉ።” ይህን ሁሉ ጉድ ልጆች ማየት የነበረባቸው። ባጠቃላይ ብዙ የቡድን መድፈሮች አሉ።

የሕክምና መሠረተ ልማት ፣ የውሃ እና የምግብ አቅርቦት ሙሉ በሙሉ ማለት ይቻላል ወድሟል። ሆኖም ውጊያው ያለማቋረጥ ቀጥሏል እና ቤተሰቦች እና ማህበረሰቦች እየወደሙ ነው።

➡ አምነስቲ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትን ስትራቴጂካዊ አካሄድ ይጠራጠራሉ

በዓመፁ ከባድነትና ሥርዓታዊነት የተነሳ አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት የሚከተለውን ስትራቴጂካዊ አካሄድ ይጠራጠራል። የሰብዓዊ መብት ተሟጋች ድርጅቱ ይህ ከባድ ጥቃት በአስቸኳይ እንዲቆም እና አጥፊዎቹ እንዲቀጡ ይጠይቃል።

የተባበሩት መንግስታት እና በአፍሪካ ህብረት ውስጥ ያሉ ባለሙያዎች ገለልተኛ ምርመራዎችን ለማድረግ ወደ ጦርነቱ ቀጠና መድረስ ይኖርባቸዋል። እና ግፊት ከአለም አቀፉ ማህበረሰብ ማለትም ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር የጠበቀ ግንኙነት ካላቸው እንደ ጀርመን ያሉ አገራት ያስፈልጋል ይላሉ ፍራንዚስካ ኡልምዱስተርሆፍት።

➡ መሠረተ ልማቱ ከሞላ ጎደል ተደምስሷል

እንደ ኡልምዱስተርሆፍት ገለፃ ፣ የክልሉ ሁኔታ ከውጭው ዓለም በመቋረጡ አሁንም ከፍተኛ መጠን ያለው ነው። እንደ በይነመረብ እና ስልክ ያሉ ሁሉም የግንኙነት ሰርጦች አይሰሩም። ጋዜጠኞች ፣ የሰብአዊ መብት ታዛቢዎች እና ግብረ ሰናይ ድርጅቶች ወደ ክልሉ እንዳይገቡ ተደርገዋል። ይህ ጥናቱን ያወሳስበዋል ፣ ስለዚህ በቦታው ላይ ያለውን ሁኔታ ተጨባጭ ምስል ማግኘት ከባድ ነው።

መረጃን ለማግኘት አምነስቲ ቪዲዮዎችን ፣ ፎቶዎችን እና የሳተላይት ቀረጻዎችን ያረጋግጥ እና ይገመግማል። ለምሳሌ የጅምላ መቃብሮችን መለየት ይቻላል። በተጨማሪም ፣ የሰብአዊ መብት ድርጅቱ ከህክምና ሰራተኞች ፣ በክልሉ ውስጥ ባሉ የስደተኞች ካምፖች ውስጥ ካሉ ተጎጂዎች ጋር ቃለምልልስ ያደርጋል።

💭 War Crimes in Ethiopia | So Cruel That One’s Words Are Missing

There is war in the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia. Women are brutally raped and men massacred, reports Amnesty International. Countries such as Germany must exert pressure on the government, the human rights organization demands.

The struggle between the central government and the Tigray region in the north has been escalating in Ethiopia for some time. Amnesty International has documented how much the lives of women have been and are being systematically destroyed.

Both the extent of the violence and the manner are so frightening and cruel that there are hardly any words to describe what is happening to the people there, says Franziska Ulm-Düsterhöft of Amnesty International. The actors “lost all proportionality.”

Victims would not only be attacked, but also tried to dehumanize and humiliate them. “Men are beaten up, harassed, lined up and massacred. Women are raped in the worst way. ” There have been many group rapes in which children should have watched.

The medical infrastructure, water and food supply are almost completely destroyed. However, the fighting would continue unabated and families and communities would be destroyed.

Amnesty suspects Ethiopian government’s strategic approach

Due to the seriousness and systematics of violence, Amnesty International suspects a strategic approach that the Ethiopian Government tolerates. The human rights organization calls for an immediate end to this drastic violence and for the perpetrators to be punished.

The UN and experts in the African Union would also have to gain access to the war zone in order to conduct independent investigations. And pressure is needed from the international community, i.e. countries like Germany, which have close relations with Ethiopia, says Franziska Ulm-Düsterhöft.

The infrastructure is almost completely destroyed

According to Ulm-Düsterhöft, the situation in the region is still dramatic because it is cut off from the outside world. All communication channels such as Internet and telephone would not work. Also journalist: inside, human rights observer: inside and humanitarian organizations should not enter the region. This complicates the research, so it is difficult to get a concrete picture of the situation on site.

In order to gain information, Amnesty would verify and evaluate videos, photos and satellite recordings. For example, mass graves can be identified. In addition, the human rights organization conducts interviews with medical personnel, those affected and stuff: inside refugee camps in the region.

💭 Kriegsverbrechen in Äthiopien | so Grausam, Dass Einem Die Worte Fehlen

In der Region Tigray im Norden Äthiopiens herrscht Krieg. Frauen würden brutal vergewaltigt und Männer massakriert, berichtet Amnesty International. Länder wie Deutschland müssten Druck auf die Regierung ausüben, fordert die Menschenrechtsorganisation.

Schon länger eskaliert in Äthiopien der Kampf zwischen Zentralregierung und der Region Tigray im Norden. Wie sehr dabei die Leben von Frauen systematisch zerstört wurden und werden hat Amnesty International dokumentiert.

Sowohl das Ausmaß der Gewalt als auch die Art und Weise seien so erschreckend und grausam, dass sich dafür kaum Worte finden lassen würden, um zu beschreiben, was den Menschen dort passiere, sagt Franziska Ulm-Düsterhöft von Amnesty International. Bei den Akteuren sei „jede Verhältnismäßigkeit verloren gegangen“.

Opfer würden nicht nur angegriffen, sondern es werde auch versucht, sie zu entmenschlichen und zu demütigen. „Männer werden zusammengeschlagen, drangsaliert, aufgereiht und massakriert. Frauen werden vergewaltigt, und das in schlimmster Art und Weise.“ Es habe viele Gruppenvergewaltigungen gegeben, bei denen auch Kinder hätten zusehen müssen.

Die medizinische Infrastruktur, die Wasser- und Nahrungsmittelversorgung seien fast komplett zerstört. Die Kampfhandlungen würden aber unvermindert weitergehen und Familien und Gemeinden würden zerstört.

Amnesty vermutet strategisches Vorgehen der Äthiopischen Regierung

Aufgrund der Schwere und der Systematik der Gewalt vermutet Amnesty International ein strategisches Vorgehen, das von der äthiopischen Regierung geduldet werde. Die Menschenrechtsorganisation fordert ein sofortiges Ende dieser drastischen Gewalt und dass die Täter bestraft werden.

Dafür müssten auch die UN und Expert:innen der Afrikanischen Union Zugang in das Kriegsgebiet erhalten, um unabhängige Untersuchungen durchführen zu können. Und es sei Druck von der Internationalen Gemeinschaft, also Ländern wie Deutschland nötig, die eine enge Beziehungen zu Äthiopien haben, sagt Franziska Ulm-Düsterhöft.

Die Infrastruktur ist fast komplett zerstört

Nach wie vor sei die Lage in der Region dramatisch, weil sie von der Außenwelt abgeschnitten sei, so Ulm-Düsterhöft. Alle Kommunikationskanäle wie Internet und Telefon würden nicht funktionieren. Auch Journalist:innen, Menschenrechtsbeobachter:innen und humanitäre Organisationen dürften nicht in die Region. Dies erschwere die Recherchen, entsprechend schwierig sei es, sich ein konkretes Bild von der Lage vor Ort zu machen.

Um dennoch an Informationen zu gelangen, würde Amnesty Videos, Fotos und Satellitenaufnahmen verifizieren und auswerten. So könne man beispielsweise Massengräber ermitteln. Außerdem führe die Menschenrechtsorganisation Interviews mit medizinischem Personal, Betroffenen und Zeug:innen in Flüchtlingslagern in der Region.

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CNN Finds Evidence of Atrocities, Executions, Bodies Dumped Over a Cliff in Central Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on June 29, 2021

😠😠😠 😢😢😢

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New Video of Ethiopia Massacre Shows Soldiers Passing Phone Around to Document Their Executions of Unarmed Men

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on June 27, 2021

A few scattered human bones lay on the rocky ground, along with a broken skull and several half-burned identification cards.

That is all the villagers could find, six months after Ethiopian troops rounded up their loved ones and shot them at point-blank range, throwing the bodies off a rocky hillside deep in the mountains of central Tigray in Ethiopia.

An April 2021 CNN investigation, in collaboration with Amnesty International, examined video clips of the January massacre and used geolocation techniques to verify the video was filmed on a ridge near Mahibere Dego in January 2021. The investigation revealed at the time that at least 11 unarmed men were executed, and 39 others were unaccounted for.

CNN was sent the gruesome footage in March this year by a pro-Tigray media organization, the Tigrai Media House (TMH). TMH told CNN at the time that the video was filmed on a mobile phone by an Ethiopian army soldier turned whistleblower involved in the mass killing.

An additional longer video clip of the massacre has now been shared with CNN by TMH, revealing new details about the atrocity and the soldiers behind it.

CNN used geolocation techniques to determine the extended footage was also filmed at the ridge near Mahibere Dego. A voice at the end of the new clip identifies the Ethiopian soldier filming the video as “Fafi.” He also reveals his military brigade and division.

In the extended video seen by CNN, Fafi swaps the phone with another soldier, takes the gun and shoots. The phone is then swapped back as others clamor to be filmed executing the captives, brazenly documenting their crimes.

This extended footage has all the hallmarks of a trophy video and yet — despite the evidence — the Ethiopian Prime Minister’s Office dismissed the findings of CNN’s original investigation saying, “social media posts and claims cannot be taken as evidence.”

Six months after the attack, two people in Mahibere Dego told CNN they had collected the national identification cards of 36 people who were killed, but another 37 people remain missing, indicating the toll of the massacre could have been more than double what was initially reported.

CNN reached out to the Ethiopian government but it did not respond.

Ethiopia is under growing international pressure over a number of reported atrocities in its war-torn northern Tigray region that could amount to war crimes.

Thousands of civilians are believed to have been killed since early November, when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched a major military operation against the ruling Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), sending in national troops and militia fighters from Ethiopia’s Amhara region.

CNN has previously compiled extensive eyewitness testimony that Ethiopian soldiers and soldiers from neighboring Eritrea were perpetrating massacres, extrajudicial killings, sexual violence and other abuses in the region.

Since January, families of the victims in Mahibere Dego say they have been unable to access the ridge due to the continued presence of Ethiopian troops in the area — leaving them without a way to bury their loved ones.

They thought they’d be safe at a church

But last Friday, the soldiers departed for nearby Axum, giving locals a long-awaited opportunity to search for any remains, according to nine people CNN interviewed who had visited the massacre site.

Over a period of days, family members of the victims filmed the church burials, documented evidence of bullet casings at the massacre site and took photographs of skeletal remains which they sent to CNN. We are not naming the family members who fear for their safety.

One family member told CNN that even while villagers were gathering up the remains of their loved ones, the area came under attack. Violence in Tigray has once again intensified in recent weeks after Tigrayan forces launched a renewed offensive last week.

Even after Ethiopian soldiers withdrew, the massacre site remained under attack.

“The soldiers from Axum started to bomb the area with artillery [fire] around 9-10 p.m. Everyone scattered and ran back home,” the family member said.

But the villagers refused to stay away, he said, waiting a few days to come back at night to finish what they had started.

In images too graphic to publish, it’s clear the remains were too decomposed to allow for identification of the victims — for some there were only metal belt buckles. Families said they instead relied on items of clothing and ID cards to identify their relatives.

Villagers told CNN the continued presence of soldiers in the area was an attempt to hide evidence of the killings.

Images of bullet casings found by villagers as they scoured the area for their relatives’ remains, were shared with CNN. An arms expert told CNN these would normally be used in light machine guns and assault rifles like those seen in the massacre video.

“The village couldn’t wait any longer, [they were] saying ‘we can’t get peace unless we bury them'”

CNN used geolocation to verify that the video of the bullet casings was from the same massacre site.

CNN also obtained images taken on June 21 that show bones, charred remains, clothes and ID cards at site of the attack. Some of the clothes were also seen in the original video clips investigated by CNN.

Families brought the remains they could find to Mariam Megdelawit church, a few kilometers from the massacre site, for an emotional ceremony where they prayed for justice, and to heal their loss on June 21.

Video sent to CNN by family members of the victims show the bones of victims being carried into the service in large jute bags and placed together while crowds gathered in a circle around them to mourn and weep.

“The village couldn’t wait any longer, [they were] saying ‘we can’t get peace unless we bury them,'” he said.

CNN geolocated the footage of the ceremony by matching it to satellite imagery of the area that showed the same church structure, vegetation layout, soil color and topography.

Sunlight in the footage indicates that the burials took place at approximately 9 a.m. This corresponded to the timings stored in metadata, which some of the footage retained.

Many of those targeted in the extrajudicial executions were young men of so-called “fighting age.”

One of the young men executed in the massacre was 23-year-old Alula. His brother told CNN he discovered Alula’s ID card amid the remains.

CNN first reported on Alula in April when his brothers discovered his fate while watching a TV report about the massacre. At the time, another one of Alula’s brothers told CNN it was hard to accept.

Though the family says they have been unable to find his remains, Alula’s ID card is enough, they say, to give them some closure.

Source

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Aid Organization Calls on President Biden to Hold Ethiopian Prime Minister Ahmed Accountable for Mass Killings in Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 2, 2021

On April 1, 2021, the B.B.C. published a video showing Ethiopian military forces carrying out a massacre in Ethiopia’s Tigray region. The video is one of the many confirmations that Ethiopian troops are committing mass atrocities against civilians in Tigray. The shocking video showing Ethiopian military personnel executing civilians and throwing their bodies off a cliff has been republished by CNN and other news outlets worldwide. The shocking video comes as no surprise for reports of mass killings and other human rights abuses being committed by Ethiopian and Eritrean military forces against civilians in Tigray have been widely reported.

While the United States Senate has taken action by putting forward Senate Resolution 97, the Biden Administration has taken no concrete action to protect civilians in Tigray or hold the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments accountable for the crimes committed by their armed forces and militia. Senate Resolution 97 condemns the atrocities taking place in Tigray, calls for independent investigations into the killings, and demands that the perpetrators of these crimes be held accountable.

The Tigray Center for Information and Communication (T.C.I.C) calls on President Biden to follow the Senate’s lead and take action to stop the crimes being committed in Tigray. The T.C.I.C calls on the Biden Administration to push for Global Magnitsky Act sanctions against senior members of the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments. The T.C.I.C also calls upon President Biden to work with Congress to institute a safe zone in Tigray for civilians seeking safety and for the U.S. to work with the United Nations to stop the flow of weapons and drones being used to kill civilians in Tigray.

Source

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CNN: ‘Two Bullets is Enough’ Analysis of Tigray Massacre Video Raises Questions For Ethiopian Army

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 2, 2021

CNN + Amnesty International | Shedding Light on a Clifftop Massacre in Ethiopia | የአክሱም ማኅበረ ደጎ ገደል ጫፍ እልቂት ሲገለጥ

My Note: The war criminal unEthiopian government which is thriving on hate and genocide wants to hide the truth by silencing some of us who are trying to share openly available informations about the ongoing genocide in Tigray. The goevenment just contactd Google with content removal requests on some of our YouTube channels. So, they seek to continue the genocide in Tigray.

Dawit was watching television at a relative’s one-room apartment in Axum, a historic city in Ethiopia’s war-torn, northern Tigray region, in early March when a news bulletin flashed up on the screen.

Graphic, unverified footage had surfaced of a mass killing near Dawit’s hometown of Mahibere Dego, in a mountainous area of central Tigray. In the shaky video Ethiopian soldiers appeared to round up a group of young, unarmed men on a wind-swept, dusty ledge before shooting them at point-blank range — picking them up by an arm or a leg and flinging or kicking their bodies off a rocky hillside like ragdolls.

The soldiers can be heard in the footage urging one another not to waste bullets, to use the minimum amount needed to kill and to make sure none of the group were left alive. They also appear to cheer each other on, praising the killings as heroic and hurling insults at the men in their captivity.

Dawit said he believes one of the men in the video, broadcast on a diaspora television station Tigrai Media House (TMH), was his younger brother, Alula. CNN has changed the names of both brothers for Dawit’s safety.

The mass killing near Mahibere Dego is one of several to have been reported over the course of Ethiopia’s five-month-old conflict during which thousands of civilians are believed to have been killed, raped and abused. But with independent access to journalists severely restricted until recently and telephone and internet services often blocked, it has been challenging to verify accounts of atrocities in Tigray. Amid the effective communications blackout, few videos have emerged from the fighting and those that have are difficult to authenticate.

Through a forensic frame-by-frame investigation of the video footage — corroborated by analysis from Amnesty International’s digital verification and modeling experts — as well as interviews with 10 family members and local residents, CNN has established that men wearing Ethiopian army uniforms executed a group of at least 11 unarmed men before disposing of their bodies near Mahibere Dego.

Footage obtained by CNN shows soldiers rounding up dozens of young men on a clifftop and checking if they’re armed. Credit: Tigrai Media House

Dawit said he last saw his 23-year-old brother — in the same clothes he is seen wearing in the video — at their mother’s house in Mahibere Dego on January 15. The video is not timestamped and CNN does not have the original, raw footage to examine the file’s metadata but it is likely the video was filmed that same day.

Dawit was out in the fields looking after his cattle when he said Ethiopian soldiers arrived in the town and went door-to-door dragging young men, including his brother, from their homes.

The troops shot at him, Dawit said, and he ran into the bush to escape, breaking his leg as he scrambled down a rocky path. Later, he said he could hear gunfire in the distance, and then silence.

Until he watched the video, he said he had no idea what had happened to his brother. But even after watching the footage countless times, Dawit said he is still holding out hope Alula is alive.

CNN is not able to independently verify that Alula is pictured in the footage, and the man that Dawit identifies as his brother is not identifiable among the dead.

“Since we didn’t see his body with our own eyes and bury our brother ourselves, it’s hard for us to believe he’s dead. It feels like he’s still alive, we can’t accept his death,” Dawit said.

“We will always remember him.”

After the attack, Dawit fled Mahibere Dego with two of his teenage siblings, limping 12 miles to their eldest brother’s home in Axum; hundreds of other residents displaced from the town and surrounding area are now sleeping rough in the city’s streets.

Dawit said the only people left in the town are those too elderly to make the trek — including his own mother. She doesn’t have internet access or satellite TV, so she hasn’t seen the gruesome video. Dawit has spoken to her over the phone — telephone networks in Mahibere Dego have been intermittent — but he hasn’t mentioned the footage. For now, he said, it is easier that way.

Ethiopia is facing a raft of intense scrutiny over human rights violations that may amount to war crimes in its Tigray region. Thousands of civilians are believed to have been killed since November, when Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched a major military operation against Tigray’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), sending in national troops and militia fighters from Ethiopia’s Amhara region.

CNN has previously compiled extensive eyewitness testimony that soldiers from neighboring Eritrea had crossed into Tigray and were perpetrating massacres, extrajudicial killings, sexual violence and other abuses.

The state-appointed Ethiopian Human Rights Commission last week said its investigations found preliminary evidence that more than 100 people in Axum were killed by Eritrean soldiers in November, confirming earlier reports by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.

In late March, Medecins Sans Frontieres said its staffers had witnessed Ethiopian soldiers drag several men off public buses and execute them near the Tigray capital, Mekelle.

Abiy said last week his government would hold accountable any soldier found responsible for committing atrocities in Tigray — acknowledging for the first time that Eritrean troops were fighting alongside Ethiopian forces and that they would withdraw from border areas. It is not clear whether Eritrean forces have pulled out of Tigray.

The Eritrean embassy of the UK and Ireland responded to CNN’s repeated requests for comment on March 22, denying allegations of wrongdoing by Eritrean soldiers and denying that Eritrean troops were in Ethiopia.

For months, both countries denied that Eritrean troops were in the war-torn region, and insisted no civilians have been killed in the conflict, contradicting accounts from residents, refugees, aid agencies, diplomats and Ethiopian civilian officials.

If the soldiers in the Mahibere Dego video are indeed Ethiopian National Defense Forces then it may be the first visual evidence of Ethiopia’s involvement in war crimes.

The Ethiopian government and its interim administration in Tigray did not immediately respond to CNN’s request for comment on the video and accusations that its forces abducted scores of men from the Mahibere Dego area.

On Friday, after CNN’s investigation published, Abiy’s office said in a statement that “social media posts and claims cannot be taken as evidence, regardless of whether Western media report it or not.” The statement added that the government “has indicated its open will for independent investigations to be undertaken in the Tigray region.”

“Since we didn’t see his body with our own eyes and bury our brother ourselves, it’s hard for us to believe he’s dead. It feels like he’s still alive, we can’t accept his death. We will always remember him.”

The footage was initially broadcast in early March by Tigrai Media House (TMH), a pro-Tigray subscription satellite TV and YouTube channel based in the United States, and has widely circulated on social media in the weeks since.

Stalin Gebreselassie, a TMH journalist and presenter based in Washington, DC, told CNN he was sent the gruesome footage via a source in Tigray. The source told him that the video was filmed on a mobile phone by an Ethiopian army soldier turned whistleblower involved in the mass killing.

TMH paid the whistleblower directly for the footage, Gebreselassie said, so that he could leave Ethiopia and go into hiding. As part of the agreement, TMH waited until they had received word that he was safely outside the country before broadcasting the video.

“I managed to talk to him only for three minutes. The words he uttered to me were: ‘I’m so sorry brother … I am really sorry for what I did in Tigray, the Tigrayan people don’t deserve this,'” Gebreselassie said, describing his call with the whistleblower. Gebreselassie said that the whistleblower appeared to regret his involvement in the killing, and told him that he was sharing the video with TMH “to heal” and “expose what the Ethiopian government was doing to its own people.”

CNN was unsuccessful in its attempts to reach the soldier directly, and does not know the extent of the soldier’s involvement in the atrocities.

Gebreselassie said the footage was sent to him on WhatsApp in five compressed video clips, due to persistent internet bandwidth issues in Tigray, but maintains it was all filmed by the soldier on one device.

Without the raw footage and associated metadata, CNN cannot confirm the original device the five videos were filmed on, who filmed them, the date they were filmed or whether they were selectively edited.

Still, CNN was able to geolocate the video to a rugged clifftop three miles south of Mahibere Dego, identifying the terrain, tree line, vegetation and shape of the mountains on Google Earth.

Separately, Amnesty International said it confirmed the location in all five video clips using 3D modeling software that overlaid the footage on top of satellite imagery of the location.

Source

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Axum Ethiopia: 24 Hours of Mass Executions & Unspeakable Violence, As Told by Witnesses

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 27, 2021

Axum is a historical city – an ancient site of pilgrimage in the Ethiopian region of Tigray.

But a vicious conflict arrived in this community on the morning of 28 November, and it was signaled by the crack of gunfire from the surrounding hills.

These shots would mark the beginning of 24 hours of unspeakable violence and mass executions, according to Amnesty International.

The human rights group has compiled evidence and testimony from more than 40 witnesses and says the allegations contained within its report may constitute crimes against humanity.

💭 Selected comments from SKY:

What happened in Tigray is very sad! The world is watching as nothing happened so much for Human rights propaganda by the west!

Abiy and isayas are bloody handed they must see their crime on international crime court

It is not only by Eritrean soldiers the amhara and ethiopia soldiers were also involved in Tigray genocide 😥

Eritrea government kills its own ppl so no wonder about this I’m from Eritrea 🇪🇷 that’s why ppl leave their own country.

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አዲስ አበቤዎች ለእንግሊዙ TV Channel 4 | “ስለ አክሱም ዕልቂት አያሳስበንም ፥ ከሰራዊታችን ጎን ነን”

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 27, 2021

እኔ አንድ የአዲስ አበባ ልጅ ዛሬ በአዲስ አበባ ሰዶምና ገሞራ ላይ እሳት ቢዘንብባት አያስገርመኝም። አስነዋሪና አስቀያሚ ነዋሪዎች የበዙባት ከተማ ሆናለች።ሳዝናል!

ሙስሊሙ የሶማሌ ጋዜጠኛ ጃማል ኦስማን በነዋሪዎቿ ግድየለሽነትና ድንቁርና በጣም ሳይገረም የሚቀር አይመስለኝም፤ “ለክርስቲያን ኢትዮጵያ ቅድስት በሆነችው ከተማ በአክሱም ይህ ሁል ግፍ ሲደርስ የአዲስ አበባ ጋዜጦችና ሜዲያዎች ጸጥ ብለዋል፤ እንዴት?” ብሎ እራሱን የጠየቀ ይመስላል።

እስኪ የሚከተለው ሁኔታ ይታየን፤ ዛሬ አንድ አዲስ የሳውዲ መንግስት በሪያድ ስልጣኑን ይይዝና ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ወዲያው ወደ ኢራን ቴህራን አምርቶ ከኢራን ሙላዎች ጋር የሰላም ስምምነት ይፈራረማል፤ ከዚያም በዚህ የተደነቀው የኖርዌዩ የኖቤል ሰላም ሸላሚ ኮሚቴ የ2021ን የሰላም ሽልማት ለአዲሱ የሳውዲ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ለመስጠት ይወስናል። አሁን ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ወደ ቴህራን፣ ኢስፋሃን እና ቆም እየሄደ ሲንሸራሸር፣ ሙላዎቹም ወደ መካና መዲና ይሽከረከራሉ። ሁለቱ ሃገራት ተገቢውን ዝግጅት ካደረጉ በኋላ በሁለት ዓመት ውስጥ የሳውዲው ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር በምዕራብ ሳውዲ አረቢያ ላይ ጦርነት ያውጅና የኢራንና የኤሚራቶችን ሰራዊት ወደ ሳውዲ አስገብቶ በመካ ላይ ጭፍጨፋ ያካሂዳሉ። የዓለም አቀፉ የሙስሊም ማህበረሰብ ምን ዓይነት ምላሽ ያሳይ ይሆን?

🔥 በነገራችን ላይ እ.አ.አ በ1979 ዓ.ም ላይ ኢራናውያኑ፡ ለእስልምና ልክ እንደ አክሱም ጽዮን ቅዱስ የሆነውን ታላቁን የመካን መስጊድ አጥቅተውት ለተወሰነ ጊዜ ተቆጣጥረውት ነበር

Jamal Osman is a reporter for Channel 4 News.

Jamal Osman is a multi-award winning journalist and filmmaker specialising sub-Saharan Africa. He has been working with ITN/Channel 4 News since 2008. Jamal has scooped interviews with Somali pirates, the al-Qaeda-linked Islamist group, Al-Shabab, exposed the illegal trade in UN food aid and told the struggles of Somali athletes training for the Olympics.

It wasn’t so long ago that the Prime Minister of Ethiopia was receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for ending a conflict with Eritrea.

Today Amnesty International released a report accusing both the Eritrean and Ethiopian governments of working alongside each other to commit atrocities.

Ethiopia and Eritrea brought their two-decade long conflict with each other to an end in 2019.

Now it seems they have a common enemy in Tigray, an Ethiopian province along the border with Eritrea.

Amnesty says Eritrean forces massacred hundreds of civilians in the sacred city of Axum last November.

We report from the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, and a warning: his report has distressing images from the start.

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Ethiopia’s War Leads to Ethnic Cleansing in Tigray Region, U.S. Report Says | የአማራ ዘር ማጽዳት ወንጀል በትግራይ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 27, 2021

🔥 የኢትዮጵያ ጦርነት በትግራይ ክልል ወደ ዘር ማፅዳት እያመራ እንደሆነ የአሜሪካ ዘገባ ይናገራል

👉 ገብርኤል 👉 ማርያም 👉 ኡራኤል 👉 ጊዮርጊስ 👉 ተክለ ሐይማኖት 👉 ዮሴፍ 👉 መድኃኔ ዓለም

From The New York Times

💭 “ከአማራ ክልል የመጡ ጎሰኛ ታጋዮች – ከትግራይ ጋር የረጅም ጊዜ ፉክክር ያለው ክልል – ምዕራብ ትግራይን በማጥለቅለቅ ሚስተር አብይ አካባቢውን እንዲይዝ በፍጥነት ረዱት፡፡”

የአሜሪካ መንግስት ባወጣው ዘገባ በአሁኑ ወቅት በአብዛኛው በአማራ ታጣቂዎች ቁጥጥር ስር በዋለው የምዕራብ ትግራይ አካባቢ ስላለው ሁኔታ አማራዎች የትግራይ ተወላጆችን በጦር ሽፋን ለማባረር እንደ ግልፅ ዘመቻ አድርገው መውሰዳቸውን ቁልጭ አድርጎ ያሳያል፡፡”

ሪፖርቱ በበርካታ ከተሞች ውስጥ የትግራይ ተወላጆች እንዴት ጥቃት እንደተሰነዘረባቸው እና ቤቶቻቸው እንደተዘረፉ እና እንደተቃጠሉ ያሳያል። አንዳንዶቹ ወደ ጫካ ሸሽተው ነበር; ሌሎች በህገወጥ መንገድ ወደ ሱዳን ተሻግረው ሌሎች ደግሞ ተሰብስበው ወደ ሌሎች የትግራይ አካባቢዎች በግዳጅ እንዲዛወሩ ተደርጓል ብሏል ዘገባው።”

አሁን ባለሙያዎች እንደሚሉት የጦር ወንጀሎች ሊሆኑ የሚችሉትን አስገድዶ መድፈርን ፣ ዝርፊያን እና እልቂትን ጨምሮ እጅግ ከባድ ክሶችን የሚጋፈጡት ኤርትራዊያን እና አማራ ተዋጊዎች ናቸው፡፡”

ዋይ! ዋይ!ዋይ! በህይወቴ እንደዚህ ወቅት “አማራን ነን” በሚሉት ቃኤላውያን ላይ አዝኜ፣ ተበሳጭቼ እና ተቆጥቼ አላውቅም።

እስኪ እንመልከተው፤ ላላፉት ሦስት ዓመታት በደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ እና አማራ በተባለው ክልል ሳይቀር አብዮት አህመድ አሊ በሚመራው የዋቄዮአላህ ጋላ መንግስት ሲበደሉና ብዙ ግፍ ሲደርስባቸው የነበሩት ኦሮሞ እና ተዋሕዶ ካልሆኑ ኢትዮጵያውያን መካከል አማራዎች ዋንኛዎቹ ነበሩ። እንደው ቅናት፣ ምቀኝነትና የበታችነት ስሜት ከፈጠረባቸው መንፈስ ወጥተው ካልሆነ በቀር ልሂቃኖቻቸው እንደሚሉት ላለፉት ሃያ ሰባት ዓመት ህወሃት ከአማራውም ከኦሮሞውም በይበልጥ ጎድቶ የነበረው የራሴ ነው የሚለውን የትግራይ ሕዝብን መሆኑን ያው እያየነው ነው። ላለፉት ሦስት ዓመታት እንግዲህ አማራውን እና ኦሮሞ ያልሆኑትን ኢትዮጵያውያንን እና ተዋሕዷውያንን ሲያፈናቅል፣ ሲያሳድድ፣ ሲያግትና ሲገድል የነበረው፤ ዛሬም የቀጠለው ኦሮሞው ነው።

በጣም የሚገርም እኮ ነው፤ (ስቶኮልም ሲንድሮም?) ጋላው አማራውን ከደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ እና አዲስ አበባ ይጠራርጋል፤ አማራው (ጋላማራው) ደግሞ ትግራውያንን ከአዲስ አበባ፣ ከጎንደርና ከራሳቸው ከትግራይ ክልል ሳይቀር ይጠራርጋል። የዋቄዮአላህ ልጅ ማህተብ ያሰረውን “ክርስቲያን” አማራ በደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ እና በአዲስ አበባ ያሳድዳል፤ ይህ ማህተብ ያሰረው “ክርስቲያን” አማራ ደግሞ ፊቱን ወደ ሰሜን አዙሮ “ወንድሞቹንና እህቶቹን” ማህተብ ያሰሩትን ክርስቲያን ትግራዋያን በሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ያሳድዳል። አቤት ቅሌት! አቤት ሃጢአት!

ለካስ አማራው በደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ በጋሎቹ ግፍ ሲደርስበት እነ ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው ግድ ያልሰጣቸው፣ ሴት ተማሪዎች ከደምቢዶሎ ታግተው ሲሰወሩ እነ ዮሐንስ !’ያሉት ጋላው አብዮት አህመድ ትግራይን ለመውረርና ላሞቿንና በጎቿን ለመጨፍጨፍ ዕቅድ እንዳለው አስታውቋቸው ስለነበረ ነው። ለካስ ቧ!እያሉ ጂኒውን ሽመልስ አብዲሳን ካባ ያለበሱት ጋሎቹ ሁመራንና ወልቃይትን ለአማራ ለመሸለም ቃል ገብተውላቸው ስለ ነበር ነው።

ዛሬ የቃኤልን ወንበር የተረከበው አማራው ሐረርን፣ ናዝሬትን፣ ደብረዘይትን፣ አዲስ አበባን፣ መተከልንና ታግተው የተሰወሩትን ሴት ልጆቹን ከመጤዎቹ ጋሎች የባርነት ቀንበር አላቅቆ ነፃ በማውጣት ፈንታ ነፃ የወጣውን፣ ማህተብ ያሰረውንና ያልበደለውን ወንድሙን ለመግደል ወደ ትግራይ አመራ።

አሁን የጋላው ቁራ ሰሜኖቹን ድመቶች እርስ በርስ ካባላ በኋላ ጋሎቹን ወገኖቹን ከጦር ወንጀል ክስ ለማትረፍና ትግራውያኑን የአክሱ ጽዮን ልጆችም በመፍራትና ለማታለል “የድጋፍ ሰልፎችን” በውጩ ዓለም በማዘጋጀት ላይ ይገኛል። እንግዲህ እራሱ እየገደለና እያስገደለ እንደለመደው የትግራዋያኑን ጩኸት፣ ሃዘንና ለቅሶ በዚህ መልክ ለመስረቅ ይሞክራል ማለት ነው። ጎን ለጎን ደግሞ ጋሎቹን ከደሙ ንጹሕ አድርጎ አማራና ኤርትራውያን በጦር ወንጀልነት እንዲከሰሱ ያደርጋል። ዲያብሎሳዊ እባባዊነታቸውን እያየን ነው?!

👉 “አታላዩና አምታቹ ቁራ ነፃነትና ሕይወት አፍቃሪዎቹን ድመቶች እርስበርስ ሲያባላቸው”

👉 “አማራና ትግሬ ተባበሩ፤ የተነሳባችሁን ጠላት ቄሮ ቁራ በአንድነት አባርሩ”

💭 “In western Tigray ethnic fighters from Amhara — a region with a long rivalry with Tigray — flooded in, quickly helping Mr. Abiy capture the area.”

The American government report about the situation in western Tigray, an area now largely controlled by Amhara militias, documents in vivid terms what it describes as an apparent campaign to force out the ethnic Tigrayan population under the cover of war.”

The report documents how in several towns ethnic Tigrayans had been attacked and had their homes pillaged and burned. Some had fled into the bush; others crossed illegally into Sudan and still others had been rounded up and forcibly relocated to other parts of Tigray, the report said.”

Now it is the Eritreans and Amhara fighters who face the most serious accusations including rape, plunder and massacres that, experts say, could constitute war crimes.

👉 A confidential U.S. government report found that people in Tigray are being driven from their homes in a war begun by Ethiopia, an American ally — posing President Biden’s first major test in Africa.

It wasn’t so long ago that the Prime Minister of Ethiopia was receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for ending a conflict with Eritrea.

Today Amnesty International released a report accusing both the Eritrean and Ethiopian governments of working alongside each other to commit atrocities.

Ethiopia and Eritrea brought their two-decade long conflict with each other to an end in 2019.

Now it seems they have a common enemy in Tigray, an Ethiopian province along the border with Eritrea.

Amnesty says Eritrean forces massacred hundreds of civilians in the sacred city of Axum last November.

We report from the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, and a warning: his report has distressing images from the start.

Ethiopian officials and allied militia fighters are leading a systematic campaign of ethnic cleansing in Tigray, the war-torn region in northern Ethiopia, according to a confidential United States government report obtained by The New York Times.

The report, written earlier this month, documents in stark terms a land of looted houses and deserted villages where tens of thousands of people are unaccounted for.

Fighters and officials from the neighboring Amhara region of Ethiopia, who entered Tigray in support of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, are “deliberately and efficiently rendering Western Tigray ethnically homogeneous through the organized use of force and intimidation,” the report says.

“Whole villages were severely damaged or completely erased,” the report said.

In a second report, published Friday, Amnesty International said that soldiers from Eritrea had systematically killed hundreds of Tigrayan civilians in the ancient city of Axum over a 10-day period in November, shooting some of them in the streets.

The worsening situation in Tigray — where Mr. Abiy, winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, launched a surprise military offensive in November — is shaping up to be the Biden’s administration first major test in Africa. Former President Donald J. Trump paid little attention to the continent and never visited it, but President Joseph R. Biden has promised a more engaged approach.

In a call with President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya on Thursday, Mr. Biden brought up the Tigray crisis. The two leaders discussed “the deteriorating humanitarian and human rights crises in Ethiopia’s Tigray region and the need to prevent further loss of life and ensure humanitarian access,” a White House statement said.

But thus far Mr. Biden and other American officials have been reluctant to openly criticize Mr. Abiy’s conduct of the war, while European leaders and United Nations officials, worried about reports of widespread atrocities, have been increasingly outspoken.

On Tuesday a European Union envoy, Finland’s foreign minister, Pekka Haavisto, told reporters the situation in Tigray was “very out of control,” after returning from a fact-finding trip to Ethiopia and Sudan. The bloc suspended $110 million in aid to Ethiopia at the start of the conflict, and last month the E.U.’s foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, warned of possible war crimes in Tigray and said that the crisis was “unsettling” the entire region.

Ethiopia routinely dismisses critics of its campaign in Tigray as stooges of its foes in Tigray. But on Friday afternoon, in response to the Amnesty International report, Mr. Abiy’s office said it was ready to collaborate in an international investigation into atrocities in Tigray. The government “reiterates its commitment to enabling a stable and peaceful region,” it said in a statement.

Mr. Abiy’s office also claimed that Ethiopia has given “unfettered” access to international aid groups in Tigray — in contrast with U.N. officials who estimate that just 20 percent of the region can be reached by aid groups because of government-imposed restrictions.

The new U.S. Secretary of State, Antony J. Blinken, spoke with Mr. Ahmed by phone on Feb. 4 and urged him to allow humanitarian access to Tigray, the State Department said.

Alex de Waal, an expert on the Horn of Africa at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, said it is time for the United States to urgently focus on the crisis in Tigray, before more atrocities are committed and the humanitarian crisis lurches toward a famine.

“What is needed is political leadership at the highest level, and that means the U.S.,” he said.

When the United States assumes the chair of the United Nations Security Council in March, Mr. de Waal said, it should use that position to bring international pressure to bear on the belligerents to step back from a ruinous conflict.

Mr. Abiy launched the Tigray campaign on Nov. 4 following months of tension with the regional ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, which ruled Ethiopia with a tight grip for almost three decades until Mr. Abiy came to power in 2018.

But many of the worst abuses of the war have been blamed not on the Ethiopian military or the T.P.L.F. — whose armed wing is now known as the Tigray Defense Forces — but on the irregular and undeclared forces that have rallied behind Mr. Abiy’s military campaign.

Within weeks of the start of the conflict came the first reports that soldiers from Eritrea —Ethiopia’s bitter rival until the two countries reached a peace deal in 2018 — had quietly crossed into Tigray to assist Mr. Abiy’s overstretched federal forces.

In western Tigray ethnic fighters from Amhara — a region with a long rivalry with Tigray — flooded in, quickly helping Mr. Abiy capture the area.

Now it is the Eritreans and Amhara fighters who face the most serious accusations including rape, plunder and massacres that, experts say, could constitute war crimes.

The American government report about the situation in western Tigray, an area now largely controlled by Amhara militias, documents in vivid terms what it describes as an apparent campaign to force out the ethnic Tigrayan population under the cover of war.

The report documents how in several towns ethnic Tigrayans had been attacked and had their homes pillaged and burned. Some had fled into the bush; others crossed illegally into Sudan and still others had been rounded up and forcibly relocated to other parts of Tigray, the report said.

A woman is seen through the shattered windshield of a military truck that belonged to Tigrayan forces.

In contrast, towns with a majority Amharan population were thriving, with bustling shops, bars and restaurants, the report said.

The American report is not the first accusation of ethnic cleansing since the Tigray crisis erupted. But it does highlight how U.S. officials are quietly documenting those abuses, and reporting them to superiors in Washington.

The looming specter of mass hunger is also driving the sense of urgency over Tigray. At least 4.5 million people in the region urgently need food aid, according to the Tigray Emergency Coordination Center, which is run by Ethiopia’s federal government. Ethiopian officials say that some people have already died.

A document from Tigray’s regional government dated Feb. 2 and obtained by The Times notes that 21 people starved to death in the eastern Tigray district of Gulomokeda. Such numbers could be just the tip of the iceberg, aid officials warned.

“Today it could be one, two or three, but you know after a month it means thousands,” Abera Tola, the president of the Ethiopian Red Cross Society, told reporters earlier this month. “After two months it will be tens of thousands.”

The political outrage over Tigray, though, especially among European lawmakers, is being fueled by the growing tide of accounts of human rights abuses.

The Amnesty International report published Friday asserts that Eritrean soldiers conducted house-to-house searches in Axum in November, shooting civilians in the street and conducting extrajudicial executions of men and boys. When the shooting stopped, residents who tried to remove the bodies from the street were fired upon, the report says.

Amnesty said the massacre was likely a crime against humanity. Eritrea’s information minister, Yemane G. Maeskel, rejected the report, calling it “transparently unprofessional.”

Axum, a city of ancient ruins and churches, holds great significance to followers of the Ethiopian Orthodox faith. When the Eritrean soldiers relented and allowed the bodies to be collected, hundreds were piled up in churches, including the Church of St. Mary of Zion, where many Ethiopians believe that the ark of the covenant — said to hold the tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments — is housed.

Source

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Amnesty International Explains | Eritrean Troops Committed Crimes Against Humanity in Axum

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 26, 2021

💭 Tigray conflict: Joint Statement by HR/VP Borrell and Commissioner Lenarčič on massacres in Axum

Josep Borrell, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission and Janez Lenarčič, Commissioner for Crisis Management, issued the following Joint Statement:

“Amnesty International issued a report today on atrocities that took place in Axum, Ethiopia, in November 2020. The report concludes that indiscriminate shelling and mass execution may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. This is another harrowing reminder of the violence that civilians in Tigray have been suffering since the onset of the conflict. We condemn, in the strongest possible terms, all crimes against civilians and call for the perpetrators to be swiftly brought to justice. We recall the obligation under International Humanitarian Law for all parties to ensure the protection of all civilians, including refugees and those internally displaced.

Hostilities must cease immediately and immediate, full and unfettered access to the whole of Tigray for all humanitarian actors and the media allowed. Since the outbreak of the conflict more than 100 days ago, thousands of civilians have lost their lives and reportedly 80% of the population remain cut off from external assistance, facing rising food insecurity and malnutrition. The level of suffering endured by civilians, including children, is appalling. This must cease immediately. Full access is essential to assess the situation on the ground and provide adequate protection and assistance to those who desperately need it.”

Source

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Ethiopia: Eritrean Troops’ Massacre of Hundreds of Axum Civilians May Amount to Crime Against Humanity

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 26, 2021

👉 ገብርኤል 👉 ማርያም 👉 ኡራኤል 👉 ጊዮርጊስ 👉 ተክለ ሐይማኖት 👉 ዮሴፍ 👉መድኃኔ ዓለም

ይህ በክርስቲያን ኢትዮጵያ ላይ የተከፈተ 🔥ጂሃድ ነው

🔥 It’s Jihad Against ❖ Christian Ethiopia

👉 አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ዛሬ ባወጣው መረጃ የአክሱምን የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ እንደሚያረጋግጥልን፤

ከግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ የዋቄዮአላህ አህዛብ ()አራዊት ጎን ተሰልፈው በመጨፍጨፍ ላይ ያሉት የኤርትራ ()አራዊት አባላት አረብኛን የሚናገሩና ባህላዊ የፊት ጠባሳ ያለባቸው የቤን አሚር ሰዎች መሆናቸውን ነው።

ምስክሮቹ የኤርትራን ኃይሎች በቀላሉ መለየት ችለዋል ፡፡ ተሽከርካሪዎች የኤርትራን ሰሌዳ ለጥፈው ያሽከረክራሉ ፣ የኤርትራ ጦር የሚጠቀምባቸውን ልዩ ልዩ አልባሳትን እና የጫማ ልብሶች ለብሰው አረብኛን ይናገሩ ነበር ወይም በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የማይነገር የትግርኛ ዘይቤ ይናገሩ ነበር፡፡ አንዳንዶች ከኢትዮጵያ የማይገኙትን የቤን አሚር ብሄረሰብን ባህላዊ የፊትን ጠባሳ ይታይባቸዋል፡፡ በመጨረሻም ፣ አንዳንድ ወታደሮች ማንነታቸውን አልደበቁም; ነዋሪዎቹ ኤርትራዊ መሆናቸውን በግልጽ ነግረዋቸዋል፡፡”

የኢሳያስ አፈቆርኪም የግራኝ አብዮት አህመድም ወንጀለኛ ሰአራዊት “የአህዛብ ()አራዊት ነው” የምንለው በተጨባጭ መለኮታዊ ማስረጃ ነው፤ አዎ! የቤን አሚሮችና ራሻይዳዎች ጂሃድ ክርስቲያን ትግራውያን ይጨፈጭፋል፣ ሴቶችንና ሕፃናትን ይደፍራል፣ ዓብያተ ክርስቲያናትንና ገዳማትን ያፈርሳል፣ ከሱዳን እስከ ሲናይ በርሃ ድረስ ተሰድደው የሚሄዱትን ትግራዋያን ኩላሊትና መቅኒ ዘርፎ ለአረቦችና ቱርኮች አለቆቹ ይሸጣል። ልክ እንደ ሐሰተኛው ነብያቸው መሀመድ።

ዛሬ እያየን ያለነው ከአክሱም ጽዮን መንፈሳዊ ሥርዓት ውጭ በመሆናቸውና ከጽዮን ማርያም በመነጠላቸው ላለፉት ፴/30 ዓመታት ወደ አውሬነት የተለወጡት “ኤርትራውያን” እና በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ በመዝመት ከጥቅምት ፳፬/24 ፪ሺ፲፫ ዓ.ም ጀምሮ ከአክሱም ጽዮን፣ ከጽዮን ማርያም፣ ከአቡነ አረጋዊ እና ከአቡነ ተክለ ሐይማኖት በፈቃዳቸው የተነጠሉት አማራዎች፣ ኦሮሞዎችና ሌሎች ደቡባውያን የኢትዮጵያ ዘስጋ ጦረኞች ተነጥለዋል፤ ባፋጣኝ ተጸጽተው(እስከ የጌታችን ስቅለት ዕለት ድረስ)ንሰሐ ካልገቡና ካልተመለሱ በግልም በሕዝብም ደረጃ፣ በዚህም ዓለም በወዲያኛውም ዓለም አስከፊ ሕይወት ነው የሚገጥማቸው። ይህን በዛሬው በቅዱስ ገብርኤል ዕለት በመተማመን መናገር እደፍራለሁ።

❖❖❖ አክሱም ጽዮንን በድፍረት ሲያውኳት የአጋንንት ሥራቸው እንዳይተርፈን ለእኛ የእነርሱ ግብራቸው ገብርኤል በሰይፉ ቀጥቅጦ ይጣላቸው!!!❖❖❖

Witnesses could easily identify the Eritrean forces. They drove vehicles with Eritrean license plates, wore distinctive camouflage and footwear used by the Eritrean army and spoke Arabic or a dialect of Tigrinya not spoken in Ethiopia. Some bore the ritual facial scars of the Ben Amir, an ethnic group absent from Ethiopia. Finally, some of the soldiers made no secret of their identity; they openly told residents they were Eritrean.”

  • Amnesty International interviewed 41 survivors and witnesses to mass killings in November
  • Troops carried out extrajudicial executions, indiscriminate shelling and widespread looting
  • Satellite imagery analysis shows evidence consistent with new burial sites

 Eritrean troops fighting in Ethiopia’s Tigray state systematically killed hundreds of unarmed civilians in the northern city of Axum on 28-29 November 2020, opening fire in the streets and conducting house-to-house raids in a massacre that may amount to a crime against humanity, Amnesty International said today in a new report.

Amnesty International spoke to 41 survivors and witnesses – including in-person interviews with recently arrived refugees in eastern Sudan and phone interviews with people in Axum – as well as 20 others with knowledge of the events. They consistently described extrajudicial executions, indiscriminate shelling and widespread looting after Ethiopian and Eritrean troops led an offensive to take control of the city amid the conflict with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in mid-November.

Satellite imagery analysis by the organization’s Crisis Evidence Lab corroborates reports of indiscriminate shelling and mass looting, as well as identifies signs of new mass burials near two of the city’s churches.

“The evidence is compelling and points to a chilling conclusion. Ethiopian and Eritrean troops carried out multiple war crimes in their offensive to take control of Axum. Above and beyond that, Eritrean troops went on a rampage and systematically killed hundreds of civilians in cold blood, which appears to constitute crimes against humanity,” said Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa.

“This atrocity ranks among the worst documented so far in this conflict. Besides the soaring death toll, Axum’s residents were plunged into days of collective trauma amid violence, mourning and mass burials.”

The mass killings came just before the annual celebration at Axum Tsion Mariam, a major Ethiopian Orthodox Christian festival on 30 November, compounding the trauma by casting a pall over an annual event that typically draws many pilgrims and tourists to the sacred city.

Large-scale military offensive

Overview image of damage & debris around the city of Axum, in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, following an offensive by Ethiopian and Eritrean forces in November 2020.

On 19 November 2020, Ethiopian and Eritrean military forces took control of Axum in a large-scale offensive, killing and displacing civilians with indiscriminate shelling and shooting.

In the nine days that followed, the Eritrean military engaged in widespread looting of civilian property and extrajudicial executions.

Witnesses could easily identify the Eritrean forces. They drove vehicles with Eritrean license plates, wore distinctive camouflage and footwear used by the Eritrean army and spoke Arabic or a dialect of Tigrinya not spoken in Ethiopia. Some bore the ritual facial scars of the Ben Amir, an ethnic group absent from Ethiopia. Finally, some of the soldiers made no secret of their identity; they openly told residents they were Eritrean.

‘All we could see were dead bodies and people crying’

According to witnesses, the Eritrean troops unleashed the worst of the violence on 28-29 November. The onslaught came directly after a small band of pro-TPLF militiamen attacked the soldiers’ base on Mai Koho mountain on the morning of 28 November. The militiamen were armed with rifles and supported by residents brandishing improvised weapons, including sticks, knives and stones.

Sustained gunfire can be heard ringing out across the city in a video recorded early that day from several locations at the bottom of the mountain.

A 22-year-old man who wanted to bring food to the militia told Amnesty International: “The Eritrean soldiers were trained but the young residents didn’t even know how to shoot… a lot of the [local] fighters started running away and dropped their weapons. The Eritrean soldiers came into the city and started killing randomly.”

Survivors and witnesses said Eritrean forces deliberately and wantonly shot at civilians from about 4pm onwards on 28 November.

According to residents, the victims carried no weapons and many were running away from the soldiers when they were shot. One man who hid in an unfinished building said he saw a group of six Eritrean soldiers kill a neighbour with a vehicle-mounted heavy machine-gun on the street near the Mana Hotel: “He was standing. I think he was confused. They were probably around 10 metres from him. They shot him in the head.”

A 21-year-old male resident said: “I saw a lot of people dead on the street. Even my uncle’s family. Six of his family members were killed. So many people were killed.”

The killings left Axum’s streets and cobblestone plazas strewn with bodies. One man who had run out of the city returned at night after the shooting stopped. “All we could see on the streets were dead bodies and people crying,” he said.

On 29 November, Eritrean soldiers shot at anyone who tried to move the bodies of those killed.

The soldiers also continued to carry out house-to-house raids, hunting down and killing adult men, as well as some teenage boys and a smaller number of women. One man said he watched through his window and saw six men killed in the street outside his house on 29 November. He said the soldiers lined them up and shot from behind, using a light-machine gun to kill several at a time with a single bullet.

Interviewees named scores of people they knew who were killed, and Amnesty International has collected the names of more than 240 of the victims. The organization has been unable to independently verify the overall death toll, but consistent witness testimonies and corroborating evidence make it plausible that hundreds of residents were killed.

Burying the dead

Most of the burials took place on 30 November, but the process of collecting and burying the bodies lasted several days.
Many residents said they volunteered to move the bodies on carts, in batches of five to 10 at a time; one said he transported 45 bodies. Residents estimate that several hundred people were buried in the aftermath of the massacre, and they attended funerals at several churches where scores were buried. Hundreds were buried at the largest funeral, held at the complex that includes the Arba’etu Ensessa church and the Axum Tsion St Mariam Church.

Amnesty International’s Crisis Evidence Lab geolocated a video showing people carrying a dead man on a stretcher in Da’Ero Ela Plaza (14.129918, 38.717113), towards Arba’etu Ensessa church. High-resolution satellite imagery from 13 December shows disturbed earth consistent with recent graves around the Arba’etu Ensessa and the Abune Aregawi churches.

Intimidation and looting

In the days following the burials, the Eritrean army rounded up hundreds of residents in different parts of the city. They beat some of the men, threatening them with a new round of revenge killings if they resisted.

Axum residents witnessed a surge in the Eritrean army’s looting during this period, targeting stores, public buildings including a hospital, and private homes. Luxury goods and vehicles were widely looted, as well as medication, furniture, household items, food, and drink.

International humanitarian law (the laws of war) prohibits deliberate targeting of civilians, indiscriminate attacks, and pillage (looting). Violations of these rules constitute war crimes. Unlawful killings that form part of a widespread or systematic attack against a civilian population are crimes against humanity.

“As a matter of urgency, there must be a UN-led investigation into the grave violations in Axum. Those suspected of responsibility for war crimes or crimes against humanity must be prosecuted in fair trials and victims and their families must receive full reparation,” said Deprose Muchena.“We repeat our call on the Ethiopian government to grant full and unimpeded access across Tigray for humanitarian, human rights, and media organizations.”

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