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Posts Tagged ‘Adwa’

Axum:The Mysterious ‘Fifth Evangelist’ Who Created the Bible as We Know It

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 16, 2022

✞ አክሱም፡- እኛ የምናውቀውን መጽሐፍ ቅዱስን የፈጠረው ምስጢራዊው ‘አምስተኛው ወንጌላዊ/ የቤተ ክርስቲያን ታሪክ አባት’ ቅዱስ አውሳቢዎስ

✞✞✞ ኢትዮጵያና ኢየሩሳሌም በዘመነ ክርስትና ✞✞✞

እስራኤላዊና የእስራኤልን እምነት የተቀበለ ወንድ ልጅ ሁሉ በዓመት ሶስት ጊዜ የሚያከብራቸው እጅግ የተከበሩ በዓላት ሶስት ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህም

  • የቂጣ በዓል (በዓለ ናዕት)
  • በዓለሰዊት
  • በዓለመጸለት (የዳስ በዓል) ናቸው።

እነዚህ በዓላት እስራኤላዊ ወንድ ሁሉ እግዚአብሔር በመረጠው ቦታ ማክበር ግዴታው መሆኑን ኦሪት ያዛል፡፡ [ዘዳ ፲፮፥፲፮]

ይህን ሐይማኖታዊ ሕግ መሠረት በማድረግ ሕገ ኦሪትን የቀበሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሁሉ እግዚአብሔር ወደ መረጠው ቦታ ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም እየሔዱ በዓል ያከብሩ ነበር።

በሕጉ መሠረት እስራኤላውያን ከፋሲካ በኋላ ሱባዔ ቆጥረው በዓለ ሰዊትን ሲያከብሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምዕመናን እየተገኙ በአንድነት እግዚአብሐርን ያመሰግኑ ነበር፡፡ [ሶፎንያስ ፫]

በዘመነ ክርስትናም ልማድ ስለቀጠለ ከትንሳኤ በኋላ በ ፴፬/34 ዓም ይህን በዓል ሲያከብሩ ሐዋርያት መንፈስ ቅዱስን ተቀብለው በሀገሩ ሁሉ (በ፸፪/72) ቋንቋዎች ሲናገሩ እና ሲያመሰግኑት ከሰሙት መካከል ኢትዮጵያዊያን እንደነበሩ አበው ይናገራሉ።

ቅዱሳን ሐዋርያት ጸጋ መንፈስ ቅዱስ በተቀበሉበት ወቅት ከተገኙ የዓለም ምዕመናን መካከል ኢትዮጵያዊያን ነበሩ ሲል ቅዱስ ዮሐንስ አፈወርቅ ጽፏል፡፡ (ድርሳን ዘቅ ዮሐ አፈ) [ሐዋ ፪፥፩፡፲፫]

የኢትዮጵያውያን ንግስት ሕንደኬ ሙሉ ባለስልጣን የነበረው ኢትዮጵያዊ ጃንደረባ ሕገ ኦሪት በሚያዘው መሠረት በ፴፬/34 ዓም ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም ሄዶ በዓሉን አክብሮ ሲመለስ በጋዛ መንገድ ከወንጌላዊ ፊሊጶስ ጋር ተገናኘ ጃንደረባውም ትንቢተ ኢሳያስ ምዕራፍ ፶/50 እያነበበ ነበርና ቅዱስ ፊሊጶስ ተርጉሞ አስተምሮት ለክርስትና ጥምቀት አብቅቶታል፡፡ [ሐዋ ፪፥፩፡፲፫]

ቪዲዮው በአስገራሚ መልክ የተረከለትና የቤተክርስቲያን የታሪክ አባት የተባለው ቅዱስ አውሳቢዎስ ዘቂሳርያ ይህን ሲገልጽ ከእስራኤል ሕዝብ ቀጥሎ በክርስቶስ አምኖ በመጠመቅ ኢትዮጵያዊው ጃንደረባ የመጀመሪያ የወንጌል ፍሬ ነው፡፡ ብሏል፡፡ (አውሰንዮስ ዘቂሳርያ የቤ/ታሪክ ፪ኛመጽሐፍ)

ከቅዱሳን ሐዋርያት መካከል ቅዱስ ማቴዎስ፣ ቅዱስ ናትናኤል፣ ቅዱስ በርተሎሜዎስ፣ ቅዱስ ቶማስ በኖብያና በኢትዮጵያ ስለመሰበካቸው የታሪክ ጸሐፊዎት እነ ሩጼኖስና ሶቅራጥስ መስክረዋል፡፡

በይበልጥ ቅዱስ ማቴዎስ በስፋት ማገልገሉ ይታወቃል፡፡ ይህን የመሳሰለውና ሌሎችም ማስረጃዎች የሁለቱን ሀገራት ግንኙነት ይገልጻሉ፡፡

ከኢራን እና አረብ ሃገራት ጎን ለዘመን ፍጻሜ ሤራዋ የቃልኪዳኑን ታቦት ተግታ በመፈለግ ላይ ያለችው እስራኤል ዘስጋ (በየመንም እየፈለጉ ነው፤ የመን ወይም ኢትዮጵያን የጽላተ ሙሴ መቀመጫ እንደሆኑ ስለሚያምኑ) የአክሱም ጽዮናውያንን ከትግራይ ግዛት ምድር የማጥፋቱ ሤራ ተካፋይ ናትን? ቤተ እስራኤላውያንን ከሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ወደ እስራኤል ወስዳ በሁሉም አቅጣጫ በመከተብ ላይ ያለችው እስራኤል ዘስጋ አክሱም ጽዮናውያንን እንዲጠፉ ካስደረገች በኋላወደ ሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ወስዳ ልታሰፍራቸው ትሻለችን?

እንግዲህ ሁሉም እርስበርስ ጠላት የሆኑት ሃገራት ሁሉ በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ በተከፈተው ጥንታውያኑን ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ክርስቲያኖች የአቡነ ገሪማ ልጆችን የማጥፊያው ጂሃድ ላይ አንድ ሆነው መገኘታቸው በአጋጣሚ አይደለም። እስራኤልና ኢራን በጋራ፣ ቱርክና ኤሚራቶች በጋራ፣ ሩሲያ + ዩክሬይንና ምዕራባውያኑ በጋራ ወዘተ.

በነገራችን ላይ፤ በዩክሬይን እና ሩሲያ መካከል የሚካሄደውም ጦርነት ኦርቶዶክስ ክርስቲያኖችን ከግዛታቸው የማስወገጃ ጦርነት ነው። ልብ ካልን፤ በተለይ በዩክሬይን፤ ከፕሬዚደንቱ ዜሊንስኪ እስከ ሚንስተሮቹ ድረስ ሥልጣኑን ሙሉ በሙሉ የተቆጣጠሩት እስራኤል ዘ-ስጋ/ አይሁዶች ናቸው። ቤተሰቦቹ ከአስከፊው የዘመነ ናዚ ሆሎኮስት ጭፍጨፋ ያመለጡት የአሜሪካው የውጭ ጉዳይ ምኒስትር አንቶኒ ብሊንከን በናዚዎች ለተሞላው የዩክሬይን አገዛዝ ድጋፉን መስጠቱ በጣም ያሳዝናል/ያስደነግጣል። በትናንትናው ዕለትም ብሊንክን ባወጣው መግለጫ ፋሺስቱን የኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ለማበረታታት፤ የትግርያ ኃይሎች እራሳቸውን እንዳይከላከሉ ወቀሳ ነገር መሰንዘሩ ብዙዎችን በጣም አስገርሟል። ግን ተልዕኳቸው ፀረ-ኦርቶዶክስና ፀረ-ጽዮናዊ ክርስቲያን እንዲሁም የቃል ኪዳኑን ታቦት ፍለጋ መሆኑ ግልጽ ነው። አቶ ብሊንክን ገና እጩ አያለ ነበር “የትግራይ ጦርነት ይመለከተኛል” በኋላም ሲመረጥ “በምዕራብ ትግራይ የዘር ማጽዳት ወንጀል እየተፈጸመ ነው” ሲለን የነበረው። ወዮላቸው!

💭 If you were traveling through the verdant Ethiopian highlands, you might make a stop at the Abba Gärima monastery about three miles east of Adwa in the northernmost part of the country. If you were a man—and you’d have to be to gain entry into the Orthodox monastery—then you might be permitted to look at the Abba Gärima Gospel books. These exquisitely illuminated manuscripts are the earliest evidence of the art of the Christian Aksumite kingdom. Legend holds that God stopped the sun in the sky so the copyist could finish them. Leafing through a Gospel book you would come upon portraits of the four evangelists—Matthew, Mark, Luke and John—the authors of the book’s contents. You might be surprised to find, however, that there is a fifth evangelist included there.

“A fifth evangelist?!” you say, and rightly so. This fifth portrait is that of Eusebius of Caesarea, the man who taught us how to read the Gospels. A new book, Eusebius the Evangelist: Rewriting the Fourfold Gospel in Late Antiquity, by Dr. Jeremiah Coogan, an assistant professor of New Testament at the Jesuit School of Theology at Santa Clara University, sheds light on history’s lost “fifth evangelist” and explains the pervasive influence of the bishop who has, arguably, done more than anyone else to shape how we read the gospels.

Eusebius of Caesarea is not a very well-known name outside of scholarly circles. He was born in the last half of the third century in Caesarea Maritima, in what is today Israel. He became first a priest and then a bishop. He would later become a biographer of the emperor Constantine possibly even a wheeler-dealer in the ecclesiastical politics of the imperial court. Under the influence of the third-century theologian Origen, who spent a long period of his life in Caesarea, Eusebius became an accomplished textual scholar.

If you’ve heard Eusebius’s name before it’s probably because of his Church History, an account of Christianity’s origins from the Apostles to his own day. As influential as the Church History is—and it became the template for how people have written the history of Christianity ever since—it doesn’t compare to the impact of his less visible and least-known literary production, the canon tables (also known as the Eusebian Apparatus).

In Eusebius’ time the contents of the New Testament were not universally established. Though many agreed that there should be four Gospels, and even grounded this assumption in the natural order of the universe, they did not read the Gospels in parallel. At least part of the reason for this was that, practically speaking, this was hard to do. Even if you had a Gospel book that contained copies of the four canonical Gospels, identifying how the various stories related to one another involved familiarity with the text, deductive skills, and a real facility navigating the physical object itself. Gospel books were big and heavy; the text was usually written in a series of unbroken Greek letters; and there were no chapter, verse, or page numbers to help you find your way.

Enter Eusebius, the man whose invention made reading the Gospels in parallel possible. It is basically a carefully organized reference tool that allows you to navigate books. In a period before chapter and verse divisions, Eusebius and his team of literary assistants divided the canonical Gospels into numbered sections and produced a set of coordinating reference tables that allow readers to cross-reference versions of the same story in other Gospels. This was an important innovation in book technology in general. As Coogan put it “the Eusebian apparatus is the first system of cross-references ever invented—not just for the Gospels, but for any text.” Reference tables might not seem sexy, but by producing them Eusebius inaugurated a trend that would dominate how Christians ever since have read the Bible.

“While Eusebius was never formally denounced as a heretic, some of his opinions were pretty unorthodox.”

The enormity of his innovation is hard to see precisely because it has become ubiquitous. We thread the different sayings of Jesus from the Cross together into one story. We merge the infancy stories of Matthew and Luke together to produce a single shepherd and wise men-filled Nativity story. These decisions are relatively uncomplicated, but we should consider the amount of decision-making that went into the production of this reading scheme. First, the team had to decide on unit divisions: what is a unit, where does it begin, and where does it end? While today church services have designated readings, early Christians often read for as “long as time permitted.” In segmenting the Gospel, the Eusebian team was cementing preexisting yet informal distinctions about what constituted a particular story, episode, or section of the life of Jesus.

Once this was accomplished, each unit had to be correlated to the corresponding units in the other Gospels. Some decisions seem easy: Jesus feeds 5,000 people in all four Gospels, for example. But there is an additional story—relayed by Mark and Luke—in which he feeds 4,000 people. What should we do with them? What about chronological discrepancies? The incident in the Jerusalem Temple where Jesus gets into a physical dispute with moneychangers appears in the final week of his life in the Synoptics but kicks off his ministry in the Gospel of John. Are they the same story? Did Jesus cleanse the Temple twice? These were and indeed are live questions for Christian readers, but by drawing up his tables, Eusebius and his team provided answers by means of a simple chart. A great deal of interpretation and theological work happens in the construction of the chart, but the tables seem to be factual accounting. Instead of argumentation that makes itself open to disagreement, we see only beguilingly agent-less lines and numbering.

This kind of schematization might seem to be the ancient equivalent of administrative or clerical work. Indeed, it drew upon technologies and practices from ancient administration, mathematics, astrology, medicine, magic, and culinary arts. The portraits from the Ethiopian Gärima Gospel, however, capture an often-hidden truth: Schematization is theological work. Segmenting the Bible and mapping its contents created theologically motivated juxtapositions and connections. For example, by connecting the story of divine creation from the prologue of the Gospel of John (“In the beginning was the word…”) to the genealogies of Matthew and Luke (the so-and-so begat so-and-so parts), the Eusebian team could underscore the divine and human origins of Jesus. Equally important, they instructed the reader to read the Gospels in a new way: a way that reoriented the original organization. If this shift seems unimportant or intuitive to us, it is only because we have so thoroughly absorbed it.

Take, say, the interweaving of Jesus’s finals words at the crucifixion. Mark’s version ends with Jesus in psychic and physical distress crying that God has abandoned him. It’s an uncomfortable scene and it is meant to be. Luke and John have more self-controlled conclusions: Jesus commends his spirit into the hands of his father (Luke) and authoritatively proclaims his life “finished” (John). Though Eusebius doesn’t reconcile these portraits himself, his apparatus allowed future generations to combine them in a way that neutralizes the discomfort we have when we read Mark.

While others had thought about reading the Gospels alongside one another, it was Eusebius and his team who came up with the tool to do it in a systematic way. From Eusebius onwards, Coogan told The Daily Beast, “most manuscripts of the Gospels included the Eusebian apparatus. When a reader encountered the Gospels on the page, they generally did so in a form shaped by Eusebius’ innovative project. While Eusebius prepared his Gospel edition in Greek, the apparatus had an impact in almost every language the Gospels were translated into. We find it in manuscripts in Latin, Coptic, Syriac, Armenian, Ethiopic, Gothic, Georgian, Arabic, Caucasian Albanian, Nubian, Slavonic, Old English, Middle German, and Dutch. Thousands of Gospel manuscripts, from the fourth century to the twentieth, reflect Eusebius’ approach to reading the Gospels.” Even today when academics think about the relationships between the Gospels and print Gospels in parallel with one another, we are asking the same questions as Eusebius did. It might be said that Eusebius is still controlling how we think.

The truth is however that any kind of supplementary material (scholars call them paratexts) like an index or a table of contents creates new ways to read a text. Matthew or Mark may have wanted you to read their stories linearly from start to finish, but Eusebius and his team gave you a new way to read. You could hunt and peck between the bindings. Reading out of order can be powerful work, as Wil Gafney’s A Women’s Lectionary for the Whole Church is, because it creates new pathways through the text that disrupt the ways that the authors meant the texts to be read. Most authors don’t write narratives with the expectation that people will just use Google to search inside it.

While Eusebius was never formally denounced as a heretic, some of his opinions—including some of the judgments that inform his apparatus—were pretty unorthodox. Like Origen he was sympathetic to views about the nature of Christ that would later be condemned as heresy. It’s probably because of the ambiguities surrounding his theological views that Eusebius, one of the most influential figures in Christian history, never became a saint. But his story proves that it is sometimes invisible actors who are the most powerful of all.

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Was The Ark of The Covenant Stolen From Axum So It Could Be Brought into Battle… in America?

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 2, 2022

👉 ገብርኤል 👉 ማርያም 👉 ኡራኤል ✞ ጊዮርጊስ 👉 ተክለ ሐይማኖት 👉 ዮሴፍ 👉 መድኃኔ ዓለም

💭 የቃል ኪዳኑ ታቦት ከአክሱም ተሰርቆ ወደ ጦርነት እንዲገባበአሜሪካ?

ባዕዳውያኑ እንኳን በግልጽ እየጠቆሙን ነው፤ የቃል ኪዳኑ ታቦት ከጽዮናውያን ደም/ዘረመል/ተፈጥሯዊ ማንነትና ምንነት ጋር ብዙዎቻችን በማናያውና ባልተገነዘብነው መልክ የተሳሰረ ነው። ጽላተ ሙሴ እንደ የአሠርቱ ት ዕዛዛትን የያዘ ሳጥን ብቻ ሆኖ መታየት የለበትም። ኤዶማውያኑ እና እስማኤላውያኑ በምርምርም ሆነ (ደማችንንና መቅኒያችንን ለጥናታዊ ምርመራችው ይረዳቸው ዘንድ በየሆስፒታሉና በዩኒቨርስቲው “እንኩ!” ብለን በቀላሉ/በነፃ እየሰጠናቸው አይደል!) እንደ እስማኤላውያኑ በጂኒያቸው በኩል፤ በአክሱም ጽዮን ዙሪያና ትግራይ ባሉ ገዳማትና ከዚህ የዘር ግንድ በተገኙና በመላው ዓለም በተበተኑ ጽዮናውያን ዘንድ የቃል ኪዳኑ ታቦት ኃይል እንደሚፈልቅ ደርሰውበታል።

አዎ! እኛ ጅሎቹ ነን እንጂ እዚህ ላይ ያልደረስንበት እነርሱ በድብቅ ለእኛ በቀጥታ ሳያሳውቁ የሚያውቁትን አውቀዋልና፤ ወደ ሦስተኛ ዓለም ጦርነት የሚወስደውን ሥራቸውን መሥራት የጀመሩት በቅድሚያ ጽዮናውያን በሚገኙበት ቦታ ሁሉ በማንኛውም መንገድ ማጥቃት ነው። ጦርነት + ረሃብ + በሽታ + የተበከለ ምግብ + ክትባት + ጨረር ወዘተ። ቀስበቀስ እርግጠኛ መሆን እንችላለን ለዚህ ዲያብሎሳዊ ተልዕኳቸው ይረዷቸው ዘንድ ባለፉት አምስት መቶ ዓመታት ፣ በተለይም ላለፉት መቶ ሃምሳ ዓመታት ከእኛው መኻል አውጥተው በደንብ ያዘጋጇቸውን የምንሊክ ትውልድ “አርበኞቻቸውን” ይጠቀማሉ። የዋቄዮአላህ ኦሮሞዎች፣ የጎንደር አማራዎች + የሕወሓት ተጋሩ (ሁሉም ከግራኝ አህመድ ቀዳማዊ ጂሃድ እስከ ዘመነ ምንሊክ የአደዋው ጦርነት ባሉት ጊዚዓት በዲያብሎሳዊ እቅድ ተዳቅለው እንዲመረቱ የተደረጉ የሉሲፈራውያኑ ችግኞች ናቸው። ይህን በተለይ የቃልኪዳኑ ታቦት ጨረር ያረፈባቸው ጽዮናውያን ያውቁታል/ያረጋግጡታል! በዚህ በዘመናችን የዘር ማጥፋት ጦርነት እንኳን እስከ መቶ ሃያ ሺህ የትግራይ ሴቶችን ደፍረው ዲቃላዎቻቸውን ለመፈልፈል እንደዘመቱ እያየነው እየሰማነው ነው። እህ ህ ህ! የእነዚህ የሰይጣን ጭፍሮች ዘር ማንዘራቸው እንደሚጠፋ ግን 100% እርግጠኛ ሆኜ መናገር እደፍራለሁ። ከጉጂ እስከ ቦረና ድረስ ተጉዘን ተገቢውን ቅጣት እንሰጣቸዋለን!

💭 Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Societyበሚለው መጻሃፋቸው በገጽ ፸፰/78 ላይ አሜሪካዊው ተመራማሪ ፕሮፌሰር ዶናልድ ሌቪን እንዲህ ይላሉ፤

የመጀመሪያው የጋላእንቅስቃሴ የተጀመረው በ1520ዎች ሲሆን መጀመሪያ ላይ ባሌን ወረሩ፤ ቀጥለው ዋቢሸበሌን ተሻግረው ዳዋሮን ወረሩ። በ1540ዎቹ እና 50ዎቹ ደግሞ ፋጢጋር እና ሸዋን ወረሩ። በ1567 በሃረር ከፍተኛ ወረራ ወይንም Devastating Raidአካሄዱ። ሌሎቹ የኦሮሞጎሳዎች ደግሞ ወደ ሰሜን በመግፋት አማራን በተለይም አንጎት/ራያ/ እና ቤጌምድርን ወረሩ። በ16ኛው ክፍለዘመን መጨረሻ ላይም ወደ ቤጌምድር፤ ደምቢያን እና ጎጃም ተስፋፉ። ከዚህ በተጨማሪ ሌሎች ጎሳዎቻቸው ወደ ትልቁ ስምጥ ሸለቆ፤ ዋጂ፤ ጊቤ ወንዝ፤ ዳሞት እና ጎጃም ከፍተኛ ወረራ ፈጸሙ ይላሉ።

😈 እንግዲህ ከኦሮሞዎች/ጋላዎች ጋር በተያያዘ የጥፋትና የሞት ሥርዓተ አምልኮ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የገባውና የዲያብሎስ ዙፋን በምድሪቱ ላይ የተተከለው ንጉሥ ምኒልክ ንጉሠ ነገሥት ዮሐንስን ገድለው ቤተ ክርስቲያንን እና ኢትዮጵያን ለመቆጣጠር ከበቁ በኋላ ነው ማለት ነው። አፄ ምኒልክ በአክሱም ጽዮን ያልተቀቡ ንጉሥ መሆናቸውን ልብ እንበል።

👉 ከዚህም በመነሳት ከኦሮሞ ወረራ እና ከዋቄዮአላህአቴቴ የአህዛብ ባዕድ አምልኮ ጋር በቀጥታ የተያያዙትና ለዚህም ተጠያቂ የሆኑት አራቱ ትውልዶች እነዚህ ናቸው፦

፬ኛ. የሻዕቢያ/ህወሓት/የኢሕአዴግ/ኦነግ/ብልጽግና/አብን ትውልድ

፫ኛ. የደርግ መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም ትውልድ

፪ኛ. የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ ትውልድ

፩ኛ. የአፄ ምኒልክ/አቴቴ ጣይቱ ትውልድ

ይህ መረሳት የሌለበትና ዝም ብለን ካለፍነው ሁላችንንም በታሪክ የሚያስጠይቀን ክስተት ነው። “በብሔር ብሔረሰብ እኩልነት ርዕዮተ ዓለም ተረት ተረት” ኦሮሞ ላልሆኑ ነገዶች፣ ጎሳዎች እና ብሔሮች ታሪካዊ ጠላት የሆነውን ኦሮሞ ለማንገሥ የሚሠራ ማንኛውም ዓይነት ሥራ ወደ ሲዖል የሚያስገባ የወንጀልና ግፍ ሥራ ነው የሚሆነው። ከመቶ ዓመታት በፊት ፳፯/27 ጥንታውያን የኢትዮጵያ ነገዶችንና ጎሳዎች ከምድረ ገጽ ያጠፏቸው ኦሮሞዎች/ጋሎች ዛሬ ከደቡብ እና መካከለኛው ኢትዮጵያ ከፍ ብለው ጽዮናውያንን ከምድረ ገጽ ለማጥፋት መነሳሳታቸውን እያየናቸው ነው።

💭 ቪዲዮው ላይ ከሚሰማው፤ ለሚከተሉት ቃላት ትኩረት እንስጣቸው፤

ይህ ሁሉ ምዕመናን የተጨፈጨፉባት ቤተ ክርስያን እዲሁ ተራ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ሳትሆን ታቦተ ጽዮን የምትገኝባት ቤተ ክርስቲያን ልትሆን ትችላለች። ይህን የተቀደሰ ቅርስ የትኛውም ሠራዊት ተሸክሞ ቢዘምት ድል እንደሚያደርግ ዋስትና ይሰጠዋል ፥ ይህን ለእልቂቱ ትክክለኛው ምክንያት ሊሆን ይችላልን? እልቂቱ በክርስቲያኖች ላይ የተወሰደ የበቀል እርምጃ ብቻ ካልሆነ፣ ቦታውም ቁልፍ ከሆነ እና ዓላማው የቃል ኪዳኑን ታቦት በድብቅ ለመውሰድ ከሆነ በ 2020 የመጨረሻ ቀናት ላይ ለምን ይህን ዓይነት ጭፍጨፋ በአክሱም ክርስቲያኖች ላይ ይፈጽማሉ?

“የሆነ ኃይል በእርግጠኝነት በአክሱም ቤተክርስቲያን ውስጥ ወይም በአቅራቢያው የሚገኘውን/የሚኖረውን እያንዳንዱን ክርስቲያን ማጥፋት አስፈላጊ እንደሆነ ተሰምቶት ነበር፣ እና ምናልባት የቃል ኪዳኑን ታቦት በቅርቡ ወደ ጦርነት ለመውሰድ ስለፈለገ ሊሆን ይችላል።”

💭 And this is no ordinary church where the killings wiped everyone out, it may be where the Ark of the Covenant has been kept. Could this holy artefact – which allegedly guarantees victory for whatever army carries it – be the real reason for the massacre? If the massacre wasn’t just retaliation against Christians – if the location was key and the purpose was to secretly obtain the Ark of the Covenant – why do so in the final days of 2020?

Someone definitely felt it was necessary to wipe out every Christian in or near the church in Aksum, and it may have been because they want to take the Ark of the Covenant into battle soon.”

I have to admit, when I first heard that 750 people were massacred in the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion church complex in Aksum, Ethiopia – my first thoughts were disbelief, and wait a minute, isn’t that where people claim the Ark of the Covenant is kept? The Ethiopian Church has long claimed that the Ark is kept safe underneath their church. Graham Hancock and other researchers concur there is a significant chance the Ethiopians are correct and that the Ark – the one we may know best from the hit 1981 movie “Raiders of the Lost Ark” – has really been kept in Aksum for thousands of years.

In one of my previous books, I wrote many years ago: “The Royal Chronicles of Ethiopia tell us that Prince Menelik was the son of the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon of Israel. Menelik was raised by Solomon after the queen left, and was educated by Temple priests until age 19, when (as the Ethiopian national epic, the Kebra-Nagast tells us) the Queen of Sheba died, and the Ethiopian court sent for Menelik to come to Ethiopia as king. Their story claims that Solomon made Menelik a replica of the Ark, as he would be too far from Jerusalem to worship at the Temple. But Menelik was concerned with the growing apostasy in Israel, and (allegedly) with the help of like-minded priests, switched the replica with the real Ark and took it to what he believed would be a safer location in Ethiopia.” As the Ark has never officially been found, perhaps it was moved to Ethiopia as many claim.

While the following scenario is mostly speculation, there aren’t many reasons that could justify dragging almost a thousand people out of a church a murdering them – but this did happen recently in Aksum, as Wikipedia and many other web sites can confirm. The people there were annihilated so completely that we don’t even know for sure what day the event took place, though an estimated range over three days in late December 2020 has been narrowed down by Belgian analysts as of a few days ago.

And this is no ordinary church where the killings wiped everyone out, it may be where the Ark of the Covenant has been kept. Could this holy artefact – which allegedly guarantees victory for whatever army carries it – be the real reason for the massacre? If the massacre wasn’t just retaliation against Christians – if the location was key and the purpose was to secretly obtain the Ark of the Covenant – why do so in the final days of 2020?

Some believe the Ark is needed to complete the Third Temple in Jerusalem. If this is the motivation for stealing it, perhaps we should be worried about the antichrist coming to power. Though I have no particular reason to assume we are at that point (mid-tribulation) it provides one of the best potential explanations for stealing the Ark.

Yet another reason could be to bring it into a very crucial battle against overwhelming odds. Just like I first learned in the Indiana Jones movies, Adolf Hitler really did believe ancient relics were important, and he really did send teams around the world to gather evidence and artefacts. The Nazis’ Ahnenerbe wasted plenty of time, effort and money from Peru to Tibet and they absolutely looked for the Holy Grail and the Ark of the Covenant. Who else might want such things today?

Hollywood made us wonder what might have happened differently in WWII if Germany had access to something that offered a divine guarantee of victory on the battlefield (the Bible tells us the Jews believed this in 1 Samuel 4:1.) There are some who believe America is at the brink of civil war. Some expect an apocalyptic fight between good and evil. (Personally I hope America’s deep partisan divide is fixed not by civil war but by wise leadership. Time will soon tell if Joe Biden can heal the divide.) And the prospect of war is not limited to America; odds seem even higher that WWIII could start soon near Iran, Syria, Israel, China and Taiwan, and a host of other places. If any war must happen and those in charge believe the Ark will guarantee them victory, this is a possible explanation for recent events in Ethiopia.

The ark being stolen recently could also just be a baseless rumor, and if so it would not be the first time. In November 2014, there were rumors that the Ark had been stolen by commandos after the people guarding it have been gassed into unconsciousness. Unfortunately, this time the rumor has a very real body count behind it. Someone definitely felt it was necessary to wipe out every Christian in or near the church in Aksum, and it may have been because they want to take the Ark of the Covenant into battle soon.

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Strong mag. 5.0 earthquake in Ethiopia | ጠንካራ የመሬት መንቀጥቀጥ በኢትዮጵያ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 24, 2021

Strong mag. 5.0 earthquake – Somalia Regional State, 92 km northwest of Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, on Sunday, Oct 24, 2021 5:26 PM

❖❖❖ ያው! በድጋሚ በአቡነ አረጋዊ ዕለት!❖❖❖

✞✞✞[የዮሐንስ ራእይ ምዕራፍ ፲፮፲፰]✞✞✞

መብረቅና ድምጽም ነጎድጓድም ሆኑ፥ ትልቅም የምድር መናወጥ ሆነ፤ ሰው በምድር ከተፈጠረ ጀምሮ እንዲህ ያለ ታላቅ መናውጥ ከቶ አልነበረም፤ ከሁሉ በለጠ። ታላቂቱም ከተማ በሦስት ተከፋፈለች፥ የአሕዛብም ከተማዎች ወደቁ። ታላቂቱም ባቢሎን የብርቱ ቍጣው ወይን ጠጅ የሞላበትን ጽዋ እንዲሰጣት በእግዚአብሔር ፊት ታሰበች። ደሴቶችም ሁሉ ሸሹ ተራራዎችም አልተገኙም።”

✞ይህ ከአክሱም/ አድዋ ጋር የተያያዘ ነው፤✞ ዛሬ አድዋ በፋሺስቱ የኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ተዋጊ አውሮፕላኖች ተደብድባለች

በትግራይ በጽዮናውያን ላይ ከተከፈተው የዘር ማጥፋት ጭፍጨፋ ጋር የተያያዘ ነውን? አዎ! የሚገርም ነው በሶማሊያ እና ኦሮሚያ ህገወጥ ክልሎች መከሰቱ ለዚያውም “አድዋ” የተሰኘው የተኛ እሳተ ገሞራ ነቃ ነቃ በሚልበት አቅራቢያ። ዋው!

በተጨማሪ ከዚሁ ጋር በተያያዘ፤ እርቀት የማይወስነው መለኮታዊ ኃይል በአትላንቲክ ውቂያኖስ አፍሪቃ ጠረፍ በምትገኘውና የስፔይን ግዛት በሆነችው የላስ ፓልማስ ደሴት ኃይለኛ የእሳተ ገሞራን ቀስቅሷል። ይህ በጣም የሚፈራው እሳተ ገሞራ የሚፈጥረው የመሬት መንሸራተትና፣ የሱናሚ ጎርፍ አውሮፓን እና ምስራቅ አሜሪካን አውድሞ በብዙ ሚሊየን የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎችን ሊገድል ይችላል። ይህ ለብዙ ዓመታት ሲጠብቅ የነበረ አስፈሪ ትንቢት ነው። የቱሪስቶች መናኸሪያ ከሆኑት ከካናሪ ደሴቶች መካከል በሆነችው ላስ ፓልማስ ልክ ከወር በፊት እሳተ ገሞራው ፈንድቶ የላቫ ፍሰቱ እስከ ዛሬው ዕለት ድረስ ቀጥሏል። ከደሴቲቷ ሰማኒያ አምስት ሺህ ነዋሪዎች መካከል አሥር ሺህ የሚሆኑት ተፈናቅለዋል።

አንዳንድ ታዋቂ ሳይንቲስቶች እርግጠኞች ሆነው እንደሚናገሩት ከዚህች ደሴት የሚቀሰቀሰው ከፍተኛ የእሳተ ገሞራ በሰሜን አሜሪካ ምስራቃዊ ዳርቻ (ኒው ዮርክ) እና የሜዲትራንያን ባሕር አዋሳኝ በሆኑ የአውሮፓ ሃግራት በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎችን ሊገድል ይችላል፤ ይህ እስኪሆን ድረስ የጊዜ ጉዳይ ብቻ እንደሆነም ያስጠነቅቃሉ።

❖❖❖“ሰዶምና ገሞራ | የጣልያኑ እሳት ገሞራ በድጋሚ ፈነዳ | አክሱም ጽዮን + ደብረ አባይ + ደብረ ዳሞ”❖❖❖

❖❖❖ ጥንታዊው የአቡነ አረጋዊ ገዳም ደብረ ዳሞ በድጋሚ ተዘረፈ፣ በቦምብ ተደበደበ ❖❖❖

🔥 👉 ❖ አደገኛውና የአውሮፓ ከፍተኛው በጣሊያን ሃገር ኤትና በተሰኘው ተራራ ላይ የሚገኘው ንቁ እሳተ ጎሞራ ትናንትና በሲሲሊ ደሴት የተፋው ቀላጭ አለት ይህን ይመስል ነበር። አባታችን አቡነ አረጋዊውን ያየሁ መስሎ ነው የታየኝ።

በኤዶማውያኑ እና እስማኤላውያኑ የዓለማችን ፈላጭ ቆራጮች የበላይነት እየተመራ በእነ አረመኔው ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ በትግራይ ሕዝብ ላይ እየተካሄደ ያለው ግፍ የኛዎቹን ከሃዲዎች ብቻ ሳይሆን መላው ዓለምን በማያውቁትና ባላሰቡት መልክ ያስጨንቃቸዋል፤ ገና ደም ያስለቅሳቸዋል። ቀላል ነገር እንዳይመስለን! የእግዚአብሔር ቅዱሳን ከፍተኛ ጦርነት ላይ ናቸው። የጽላተ ሙሴን እና የቅዱሳኑን ኃይል ለመፈተነ/ለመፈታተን ሲሉ ነው ከተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት እስከ ሃያላኑ ሃገራት ሁሉም በህብረት ጸጥ ብለው ኮሮና ያላጠፋችላቸውን ሕዝባችንን ለመበቀልና የሕዝባችንን ሰቆቃ ዓይኖቻቸውን ገልጠው በማየት ላይ የሚገኙት። ግን ቀድመው አንድ በአንድ በእሳቱ የሚጠረጉት እነርሱው ይሆናሉ።

👉 ኤትና – ኤርታ አሌ – እሳተ ገሞራ – ሰዶምና ገሞራ

ኤርታ አሌ ዝግጁ ነው፤ እነ ግራኝንም እየጠበቃቸው ነው!

በደንብ እናስተውል፤ አክሱም ጽዮን፣ ደብረ አባይ፣ ደብረ ዳሞ ሁሉም በጽዮን ማርያም መቀነት አረንጓዴ፣ ቢጫና ቀይ ቀለማት ያሸበረቁ ገዳማት ናቸው፤ ይህን ከትግራይ ሕዝብ ለመንጠቅና ተዋሕዷዊውንም ከአምላኩና ከጽዮን እናቱ ጋር ለማጣላት አህዛብ የዋቄዮ-አላህ ልጆች፣ መናፍቃንና ሰለጠንን ባዮቹ “ኢ-አማንያኑ” የክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚዎች በህብረት ተግተው እየሠሩ ነው።

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Earthquake in Ethiopia 6-7? | የመሬት መንቀጥቀጥ በኢትዮጵያ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 17, 2021

✞✞✞[የዮሐንስ ራእይ ምዕራፍ ፲፮፲፰]✞✞✞

መብረቅና ድምጽም ነጎድጓድም ሆኑ፥ ትልቅም የምድር መናወጥ ሆነ፤ ሰው በምድር ከተፈጠረ ጀምሮ እንዲህ ያለ ታላቅ መናውጥ ከቶ አልነበረም፤ ከሁሉ በለጠ። ታላቂቱም ከተማ በሦስት ተከፋፈለች፥ የአሕዛብም ከተማዎች ወደቁ። ታላቂቱም ባቢሎን የብርቱ ቍጣው ወይን ጠጅ የሞላበትን ጽዋ እንዲሰጣት በእግዚአብሔር ፊት ታሰበች። ደሴቶችም ሁሉ ሸሹ ተራራዎችም አልተገኙም።”

🔥 4.5 / 4.3 አማካይ መጠን የመሬት መንቀጥቀጥ

ዓርብ፣ ጥቅምት ፭/፳፻፲፬ ዓ.ም(አቡነ ገብረ መንፈስ ቅዱስ)

እሑድ፣ ጥቅምት ፯/ ፳፻፲፬ ዓ.ም (ሥላሴ)

‘አድዋ’ በተባለው እሳተ ገሞራ አካባቢ

(ሶማሌ + ኦሮሚያ በተሰኙት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ ክልሎች)

🔥 6 እስከ 7 ከፍተኛ መጠን ያለው የመሬት መንቀጥቀጥ

በመጭው ማክሰኞ ጥቅምት ፱/ ፳፻፲፬ ዓ.ም (ጨርቆስ)

‘አድዋ’ በተባለው እሳተ ገሞራ አካባቢ

(ሶማሌ + ኦሮሚያ በተሰኙት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ ክልሎች)

ይህ ከአክሱም/አድዋ ጋር የተያያዘ ነው፤✞

በትግራይ በጽዮናውያን ላይ ከተከፈተው የዘር ማጥፋት ጭፍጨፋ ጋር የተያያዘ ነውን? አዎ! የሚገርም ነው በሶማሊያ እና ኦሮሚያ ህገወጥ ክልሎች መከሰቱ ለዚያውም “አድዋ” የተሰኘው የተኛ እሳተ ገሞራ ነቃ ነቃ በሚልበት አቅራቢያ። ዋው!

በተጨማሪ ከዚሁ ጋር በተያያዘ፤ እርቀት የማይወስነው መለኮታዊ ኃይል በአትላንቲክ ውቂያኖስ አፍሪቃ ጠረፍ በምትገኘውና የስፔይን ግዛት በሆነችው የላስ ፓልማስ ደሴት ኃይለኛ የእሳተ ገሞራን ቀስቅሷል። ይህ በጣም የሚፈራው እሳተ ገሞራ የሚፈጥረው የመሬት መንሸራተትና፣ የሱናሚ ጎርፍ አውሮፓን እና ምስራቅ አሜሪካን አውድሞ በብዙ ሚሊየን የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎችን ሊገድል ይችላል። ይህ ለብዙ ዓመታት ሲጠብቅ የነበረ አስፈሪ ትንቢት ነው። የቱሪስቶች መናኸሪያ ከሆኑት ከካናሪ ደሴቶች መካከል በሆነችው ላስ ፓልማስ ልክ ከወር በፊት እሳተ ገሞራው ፈንድቶ የላቫ ፍሰቱ እስከ ዛሬው ዕለት ድረስ ቀጥሏል። ከደሴቲቷ ሰማኒያ አምስት ሺህ ነዋሪዎች መካከል አሥር ሺህ የሚሆኑት ተፈናቅለዋል።

አንዳንድ ታዋቂ ሳይንቲስቶች እርግጠኞች ሆነው እንደሚናገሩት ከዚህች ደሴት የሚቀሰቀሰው ከፍተኛ የእሳተ ገሞራ በሰሜን አሜሪካ ምስራቃዊ ዳርቻ (ኒው ዮርክ) እና የሜዲትራንያን ባሕር አዋሳኝ በሆኑ የአውሮፓ ሃግራት በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎችን ሊገድል ይችላል፤ ይህ እስኪሆን ድረስ የጊዜ ጉዳይ ብቻ እንደሆነ ያስጠነቅቃሉ።

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Posted in Curiosity, Ethiopia, Faith, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

‘At Least’ 78 Priests ‘Massacred’ in One Zone of Tigray | በትግራይ አንድ ዞን ‹ቢያንስ› ፸፰/78 ካህናት ‹ተጨፍጭፈዋል›

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 10, 2021

…leaked letter claims.

12 Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers barged into the sacred room of the church. “They entered the holy room with their shoes. They shouted over us saying; ‘You are our enemies because you have comforted and preached to the villagers that this shall pass.”

፲፪/12 የኢትዮጵያ እና የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ከነጫማቸው ወደ ቤተ መቅደሱ ገቡ። ከዚያም ጮኹብን ‘እናንተ ጠላቶቻችን ናችሁ ምክንያቱም የመንደሩ ነዋሪዎችን ስላጽናናችሁ እና ስለ ሰበካችሁ ነው። አሁን ግን ይህ አብቅቷል!”

💭 Very sad, nevertheless Great reporting, dear Lucy Kassa – many blessings to you. Please to have a detailed one-on-one interview with His Holiness, Abune Matthias. A golden opportunity for us all! Please, if you could!

💭 በጣም አሳዛኝ ነው፤ ቢሆንም ታላቅ ዘገባ ውድ ሉሲ ካሳ ፥ ብዙ በረከቶችን እንመጭልሻለን። ሱሲ፤ ከብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ጋር ዝርዝር እና አንድ-ለአንድ የሆነ ቃለ ምልልስ ለማድረግ ብትችይ በጎ ይሆን ነበር፡፡ ለሁላችንም ወርቃማ እድል ነው! እባክሽ ከቻልሽ ፍጠኚ!

The document, obtained exclusively by the Telegraph, claims a number of mass killings have taken place over the last five months

At least 78 priests were ‘massacred’ in one zone of Tigray, according to an official church letter leaked to the Telegraph.

The letter, which was addressed to the Synod of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, says that “priests, deacons, choristers, and monks” have been “massacred” over the last five months.

Half a dozen survivors confirmed the news to this newspaper and said that both Ethiopian national army soldiers and Eritrean troops went into their holy spaces across southeast Tigray and “shot them down”.

Ethiopia has been wracked by a horrific civil war since the Nobel Peace Prize winner Abiy Ahmed sent his national army into the mountainous northern region of Tigray to oust the powerful regional government there on November 4.

The news comes several days after a video was smuggled out of the country showing the head of Ethiopia’s Orthodox Church Abune Mathias condemning what he calls a ‘genocide’ being committed on the ethnic Tigrayan people by the Ethiopian state.

The conflict has released an almighty humanitarian crisis and neither priests nor religious sites have not been spared.

Centuries-old monasteries and mosques, including the 6th century Debre Damo monastery and Al-Nejashi, Africa’s first Mosque, have been looted and bombed by Eritrean troops who are allied to Ethiopia’s government in Addis Ababa.

The stamped letter was sent on April 15 and lists the number of clergymen killed over the past five months in the church administrations.

Priests who survived the killings told the Telegraph the number of dead clergymen could be much higher than 78.

Gergera Maryam, Adi’Zeban Karagiorgis, Kidanemihret Bosa, Taksa and the monastery of Da Abune Ayzgi are some of the churches where churchmen were massacred, according to witnesses.

Kahsay* and his deacon son Halfom* fled their homes to the nearby mountains of Seharti after receiving news that the Eritrean and Ethiopian troops were raiding churches.

Two days later, Halfom returned back to the church in their village to see if the situation had improved. “I begged my son not to go back. He promised me he would return. But he did not return. The Eritrean soldiers killed my son” says Kahsay, an old man. “I learned a week later the villagers picked up my son’s body. I did not attend his burial. He was only 25.”

In Ethiopian Orthodox tradition, many priests and deacons gather in churchyards to celebrate Saints’ Celebration days.

Three witnesses told the Telegraph that Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers specifically target these celebration days to execute members of the church.

“In the afternoon of January 9, there were many of us in the church of Adi’Zeban Karagiorgis. We were there to celebrate the birth of the Virgin Mary,” one witness who asked to remain anonymous, said. “Suddenly, eight Ethiopian soldiers entered the churchyard. The soldiers picked 12 young deacons between the ages of 15 and 20. They took them out and shot them down,” he says.

Hadera*, an old priest, survived a massacre at the church of Gergera Da Mariam. He says there have been various killings and massacres since early December 2020.

The 76-year-old says he was praying on February 1 when 12 Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers barged into the sacred room of the church.

“They entered the holy room with their shoes. They shouted over us saying; ‘You are our enemies because you have comforted and preached to the villagers that this shall pass. You should not have done that,” recounts Hadera.

“There were six priests in the room. They shot us all and left the church. My friends died. It is nothing short of a miracle I survived.”

The Telegraph approached Eritrea’s information minister, Yemane Gebremeskel and spokeswoman of the Ethiopian Prime Minister office Billene Seyoum for comment. Neither had replied at the time of going to press.

Source

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Infos, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Tigray, Ethiopia | Scholars Fear The Worst For One of Christianity’s Oldest Manuscripts

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 10, 2021

❖ የቅዱስ አቡነ ገሪማ ወንጌል | በክርስትና እምነት ጥንታዊ ለሆነው ቅርስ ምሁራን ከፍተኛ ስጋት አላቸው ❖

After surviving 1,500 years of human history in a remote monastery, the Garima Gospels are now facing their most severe threat.

The war in Tigray has inflicted more destruction on Ethiopia’s religious and cultural heritage than anything since the invasions of Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi.

የገሪማ ወንጌሎች በትግራይ ገዳም ውስጥ ለ ፲፻፭፻/1,500 ዓመታት የሰው ልጅ ታሪክ ከተረፉ በኋላ አሁን በጣም ከባድ ሥጋት እየገጠማቸው ነው፡፡

ከግራኝ አህመድ ኢብን ኢብራሂም አል-ጋዚ ወረራ ጀምሮ ከምንም ነገር በላይ በኢትዮጵያ ያለው ጦርነት በኢትዮጵያ ሃይማኖታዊና ባህላዊ ቅርሶች ላይ የበለጠ ጥፋት/ውድመት አስከትሏል።

በአድዋ፤ ትግራይ በጥንታዊው የቅዱስ አቡነ ገሪማ ገዳም የሚኘው መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ከመጀመሪያው የእንግሊዝኛው መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ (KJV – King James Version) በ፰፻/800 ዓመት ቀደምትነት እንዳለው ሳይንሱ ሳይቀር ማረጋገጫ ሰጥቷል።

“ከአምስት መቶ ዓመታት በኋላ፤ ከግራኝ አህመድ ቀዳማዊ ዘመን በኋላ እንዲህ ዓይነት ውድመት በኢትዮጵያ ሲታይ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ነው” እያሉን ነው ባዕድውያኑ እንኳ። በእውነት ባዕዳውያኑ “ኤትዮጵያውያን ነን፣ ተዋሕዶ ነን” ከሚሉት ይልቅ ስለ ሃይማኖታዊ እና ባህላዊ ቅርሶቻችን በይበልጥ ተቆርቋሪዎች ሆነው ይታሉ። ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ! በዓለማችንና ለመላው የሰው ልጅ ከፍተኛ ዋጋ ያላቸው ታሪካዊ ቅርሶችና ኃብቶች የሚገኙባትን ትግራይን የኢትዮጵያና ተዋሕዶ እምነቷ ጠላት የሆነው ግራኝ አብህመድ ዳግማዊ እንዲጨፈጭፍላቸው ፈቃድ የሰጡት “ኢትዮጵያዊ ነን፣ ተዋሕዶ ክርስቲያን ነን” ባይ ግብዞች አሁን የት አሉ? ስንቱስ ነው እንኳን ለአባቶቹ ቅርስ ለሃገሩ የማንነት መገለጫ ለመጋደል፤ ጉዳዩ አሳስቦት “ቅርሶቻችን እየጠፉ ነውና ጦርነቱን አቁሙ!” ለማለት እንኳ ኢትዮጵያዊ ወይንም ክርስቲያናዊ ድፍረት ያለው? ፲/10 % የሚሆን አይመስለኝም።

ባለቤቱን ካልናቁ አጥሩን አይነቀንቁ” እንዲሉ፤ ለሦስት ዓመታት ያ ሁሉ ግፍ በቤተ ክርስቲያንና ልጆቿ ላይ ሲሰራ፣ ቅድስት ሃገር አክሱም ጽዮን ትግራይ ስትጨፈጨፍ ለአንዴም እንኳን ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ መውጣት የተሳነው ሙት የአዲስ አበባ ነዋሪ ሙቀቱ በዋቄዮ-አላህ ልጆች ተለክቶ ያው መስቀል አደባባይን ሊወርሱለት ዱብዱብ በማለት ላይ ናቸው። ለመሆኑ ከሁለት ሳምንታት በፊት አማራው ሲያሰማው የነበረው ጩኸት የት ደረሰ? ሁሉም ጭጭ፤ አይደል! እንዲያውም ግራኝ ይባስ ብሎ ኮሚሽነሩን በመገደል የአማራውን ወንድ ወኔ በድጋሚ ነጠቀው። አዎ! ከእነ ጄነራል አሳምነው ግድያ በኋላ ያየነው ነው። የዲያብሎስ ጭፍራው ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድና አማካሪዎቹ በስነ-ልቦና ጨዋታው ተክነዋል።

Saint Abune Garima Monastery, Adwa, Tigray

After surviving 1,500 years of human history in a remote monastery, the Garima Gospels are now facing their most severe threat.

When a Canadian scholar first glimpsed the ancient Garima Gospels, carried carefully into the sunlight by monks in a mountain monastery in northern Ethiopia, the pages were tattered and crumbling.

“The parchment was so brittle that flakes fell to the ground at every turn,” wrote Michael Gervers, a historian at the University of Toronto, recalling his earliest encounter with the manuscript more than 20 years ago.

Even then he did not fully realize what he was seeing. Some experts now believe it could be the world’s oldest intact version of illuminated Christian scripture. Radiocarbon analysis revealed that its pages date back as early as the fifth century, making it one of the oldest manuscripts of any kind in the world. Its brilliant colours and stunning illustrations make it even more valuable to world culture.

Today, after surviving 1,500 years of human history in a remote monastery, the Garima Gospels are facing their most severe threat.

War has ripped through the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia for the past six months. Shelling, gunfire and looting have ravaged churches and monasteries across the region.

Historic manuscripts, along with church icons and silver crosses, are among the treasures that have been plundered by Eritrean and Ethiopian soldiers, raising global alarm for Tigray’s cultural heritage.

Cut off from the world by military clashes and telecommunications shutdowns, the fate of the Abba Garima monastery and its spectacular Garima Gospels is still unknown. But the area around the monastery is controlled by soldiers who have looted systematically since the start of the war. The fears are growing.

“It is chilling to many of us to think that these Gospels and other ancient artifacts are in the way of danger,” said Suleyman Dost, a professor in the Near Eastern and Judaic Studies department at Brandeis University in Massachusetts.

“These Gospels are not only among the earliest complete texts of the Christian scripture, but they also provide us with a rare glimpse into the language, religion and history of ancient Ethiopia,” he told The Globe and Mail in an e-mail.

“They are truly part of the world heritage and constitute indispensable sources for scholars of early Christianity, late antique Ethiopia and even early Islam.”

The Garima Gospels, bound and illustrated copies of the Four Gospels of the New Testament written in the classical Ethiopian language Ge’ez, are one of the treasures of the ancient Axumite kingdom, whose heartland is now engulfed by the war zone in Tigray.

“The war threatens countless invaluable remains from this period, including inscriptions, religious buildings and manuscripts that have been diligently preserved in monasteries for centuries,” Prof. Dost said.

The Axumite kingdom, whose territories extended across the Red Sea into modern-day Yemen, was one of the great cultural and economic empires of its time, a crossroads of early civilizations and one of the first states to accept Christianity as state religion, in the early fourth century, before even the Roman Empire. Its capital, Axum, is reputed by tradition to be the home of the Ark of the Covenant – another holy relic whose fate is unknown today.

“It was the one territory which retained its Christianity without external domination and has done so ever since,” Prof. Gervers said.

“It is the oldest free Christian culture in the world. And that culture was centred in what is now Eritrea and Tigray. The world is only at this point coming to recognize the importance of this area.”

The Garima Gospels are older than more famous Western manuscripts such as the Book of Kells, and a closer link to the original Greek gospels. “They are just amazing in their artistic expertise, incomparable even to early Gospel books that we have,” Prof. Gervers told The Globe in an interview. “They are of utmost importance to Christian culture as a whole. Their loss or displacement would be disastrous to the cultural heritage of Judeo-Christianity.”

Prof. Gervers has been documenting Ethiopian art and culture for decades, photographing historic church manuscripts and creating a unique database of about 70,000 digitized images, including the Garima Gospels. With no sign of the Tigray war ending soon, his database is becoming increasingly crucial. “We’re thankful that we were able to document so much of this over the past 30 years,” he said.

Among the most invaluable illustrations in the Garima Gospels, he said, are an unparalleled image of the evangelist Mark, and a rare image of a building that has been identified as the Old Temple in Jerusalem.

The war in Tigray has inflicted more destruction on Ethiopia’s religious and cultural heritage than anything since the invasions of Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi, who burned churches and manuscripts across the country in the 16th century, Prof. Gervers said.

He and his colleagues are trying to monitor the antiquities markets, in case any looters try to sell the manuscripts. “It would be an offence to Christianity if the Garima Gospels ended up for sale somewhere.” Even worse, soldiers could simply burn the manuscripts “out of spite,” he said. But so far their fate is a mystery. “We haven’t heard a word about it.”

Wolbert Smidt, an ethnohistorian at Jena University in Germany who studies Ethiopian culture and history, said he has received reports of soldiers regularly searching churches and sometimes looting or burning church relics, including rare parchment manuscripts that were written by hand in late antiquity.

But there is still hope, he says. During conflicts of past centuries, the monks of Abba Garima carefully hid the Garima Gospels, possibly in mountain caves. Today there is a chance that the monks may have succeeded in hiding them again.

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Sec. Blinken Presses PM Abiy for Immediate, Full & Verifiable Withdrawal of Eritrean Troops From Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 26, 2021

Blinken presses Ethiopia’s Abiy on withdrawal of Eritreans from Tigray — End Hostilities Immediately

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken on Monday pressed Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for troops from Eritrea involved in the Tigray conflict to be withdrawn “immediately, in full, and in a verifiable manner,” according to a statement.

Blinken said Eritrean forces and Amhara regional forces in the Tigray region are contributing to the growing humanitarian disaster and committing human rights abuses, according to a statement by U.S. State Department spokesman Ned Price describing a phone call with Abiy.

“The Secretary also stressed the need for all parties to the conflict to end hostilities immediately,” Price said.

Washington said last week that it had seen no evidence of a troop withdrawal promised by both Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Blinken also expressed concern in the call about the humanitarian and human rights crisis in Ethiopia, including the growing risk of famine in the Tigray region, Price said.

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US Congressional Committee Threatens to Take Action Against Ethiopia if Tigray Crisis Continues

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 31, 2021

US Congress Calls for Sanctions Against Ethiopia Over Tigray

💭 አታላዮቹ የአፍሪቃ ቀንድ ወሮበሎች አብዮት አህመድ አሊ እና ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ ዓለምን በማታለል የተካኑና ሌላ  የኖቤል ሽልማት በሲዖል ለመቀበል የሚሹ ዱርየዎች መሆናቸውን የአሜሪካ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አባላት ደርሰውበታል።

💭 ይህን ዜና ያቀበለን የኤሚራቶች ሜዲያ በአሜሪካ ፈቃድ በትግራይ ሕዝብ ላይ የተጠቀሟቸውን ድሮኖች እንድንረሳቸው ለማድረግ እየሞከረ ይመስላል። ግን ኤሚራቶች የሠሩት ወንጀል አይረሳም፤ በዚህም ሆነ በዚያ ተገቢውን ዋጋ በቅርቡ ይከፍሏታል።

👉 የትግራይ ችግር ከቀጠለ የአሜሪካ ምክር ቤት ኮሚቴ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ እርምጃ እንደሚወስድ ዛተ

☆ ከሁለት የአሜሪካ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አባላት የተላከው ደብዳቤ የቢደን አስተዳደር በትግራይ ላይ እርምጃ እንዲወስድ አሳስቧል።

☆ ባለፈው ሳምንት የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዓብይ አህመድ በትግራይ ከመንግስቱ ጎን በመዋጋት ላይ የኤርትራ ወታደሮች መኖራቸውን አምኖ ከክልሉ ለመልቀቅ ቃል የገቡ ሲሆን እስካሁን ግን በዚያ አቅጣጫ እንቅስቃሴ አልተደረገም።

☆ “በዜጎች ላይ የተፈጸሙ ጭካኔዎችን እና ከባድ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ጥሰትን ፣ በጣም በጠነከረ መልክ እናወግዛለን ፣ አስገድዶ መድፈር ፣ ማሰቃየት ፣ በግዳጅ መፈናቀል እና መሰወር ፣ የዘር ማፅዳት ድርጊቶች ፣ ያለፍርድ ግድያ ፣ የህክምና ተቋማትን መዝረፍ እና ማውደም እንዲሁም የእርዳታ እገዳን መገደብ ፣ ሚስተር ሜክስ እና ሚስተር ማኩል በደብዳቤያቸው ላይ ጽፈዋል።

ደብዳቤው አክሎም “የግሎባል ማግኒትስኪ ባለሥልጣናትን እና ሌሎች ኢላማ የሆኑ ማዕቀቦችን ጨምሮ የ” ቢደን ”አስተዳደር ያሉትን ሁሉንም መሳሪያዎች እንዲጠቀም እናሳስባለን።

A letter from two members of the US House of Representatives is urging the Biden administration to take action on Tigray.

☆ Last week, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed admitted to the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray fighting on the side of his government and committed to their withdrawal from the region, but so far there hasn’t been movement in that direction.

☆ “We condemn in the strongest possible terms reported atrocities and gross violations of human rights committed against civilians, including rape, torture, forced displacements and disappearances, acts of ethnic cleansing, extrajudicial killings, the looting and destruction of medical facilities and restricted access to aid,” Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul wrote in their letter.

☆ “We urge the [Biden] administration to utilise all available tools, including Global Magnitsky authorities and other targeted sanctions, to hold parties accountable for their actions and bring an end to this crisis,” the letter added.

Letter floats Magnitsky sanctions among other measures if the situation doesn’t improve

A letter from two members of the US House of Representatives is urging the Biden administration to take action on Tigray.

Congress placed increased pressure on the Biden administration over the pressing humanitarian situation in the Tigray region of Ethiopia this week, urging it to move more forcefully and impose sanctions on the involved parties, including Addis Ababa.

A bipartisan letter from Gregory Meeks, Democratic chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and ranking Republican member Michael McCaul was dispatched on Tuesday evening to US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and Secretary of Treasury Janet Yellen calling for sanctions on those fuelling the fighting in Tigray.

Ongoing fighting since November between Ethiopian troops and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front has left more than 50,000 dead and has displaced hundreds of thousands, according to Ethiopia’s three opposition parties.

The UN estimated on Tuesday that 2.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, while human rights organisations have reported mass atrocities, incidents of rape and extrajudicial killings.

Last week, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed admitted to the presence of Eritrean troops in Tigray fighting on the side of his government and committed to their withdrawal from the region, but so far there hasn’t been movement in that direction.

Congress is urging the Biden administration to do more in its bid to end the fighting.

“We condemn in the strongest possible terms reported atrocities and gross violations of human rights committed against civilians, including rape, torture, forced displacements and disappearances, acts of ethnic cleansing, extrajudicial killings, the looting and destruction of medical facilities and restricted access to aid,” Mr Meeks and Mr McCaul wrote in their letter.

“We urge the [Biden] administration to utilise all available tools, including Global Magnitsky authorities and other targeted sanctions, to hold parties accountable for their actions and bring an end to this crisis,” the letter added.

The Magnitsky sanctions can be used to punish human rights abuses in accordance with the Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act passed by Congress in 2012.

The letter implicates all sides in such abuses and stresses that “additional targeted accountability measures cannot wait”.

It also threatens problems for the future of US-Ethiopia bilateral relations if the situation does not improve.

“While we remain committed to the important bilateral relationship between the United States and Ethiopia, this conflict jeopardises shared political, economic and security priorities,” the two representatives wrote.

The Biden administration delinked in February a suspension of $272 million in aid to Ethiopia for the Nile dam crisis and tied it instead to current “developments”, including the Tigray conflict.

Mr Blinken described the situation in Tigray as “ethnic cleansing” speaking to Congress in March, and on Tuesday he referenced sexual assaults and continued killings in the region.

“The report we’re releasing today shows that the trend lines on human rights continue to move in the wrong direction … We see it in the killings, sexual assaults and other atrocities credibly reported in Ethiopia’s Tigray region,” Mr Blinken said during the launch of the State Department’s annual human rights report.

Cameron Hudson, a senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Africa Centre, argued that Washington is following a gradual approach in ratcheting up the pressure on Ethiopia.

“We [the US] have already suspended our development assistance and our security assistance. Those moves seem to have very little impact in changing [Addis Ababa’s] approach to the conflict in Tigray. The next level of pressure is clearly going to be direct punitive measures,” Mr Hudson told The National.

The letter, addressed to Mr Blinken and copied to Ms Yellen, is an indication of potential sanctions by the departments of State and Treasury.

“This likely will translate into sanctions unless Washington starts to see greater movement on the key issues it is asking for changes on, namely the withdrawal of Eritrean and Amhara forces, the launch of the international human rights investigation, unhindered humanitarian access and some sort of domestic political dialogue,” Mr Hudson said.

On the role of Treasury specifically, Mr Hudson, saw the possibility of the US delaying or denying third party aid to Ethiopia.

“The Treasury does two big things that affect US policy on Ethiopia: It administers US sanctions and it controls the US vote at the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) … The US has leverage in denying or delaying Ethiopia multilateral financing and assistance and not just bilateral assistance.”

In its report on Tuesday, the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said 2.2 million people are in need of aid and “approximately 1.3 million children need protective services and safe education­ in Tigray and neighbouring areas”.

The body expressed concern over reports of violations of human rights and rape in the Tigray region.

“There are more than 500 self-reported rape cases so far,” it said.

Source

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Ethiopia | Civilians Massacred. Journalists Arrested. People Starving to Death.

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 4, 2021

Here’s a look at the turmoil in Tigray as the Security Council meets behind closed doors on Thursday to discuss it

Civilians massacred. Journalists arrested. People starving to death. Ethiopia’s government is under growing pressure to allow the world to see firsthand what has occurred in its embattled Tigray region as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister rejects “partisan interventions.”

That pressure is expected to spike this month as the United States chairs the United Nations Security Council and addresses the first major African crisis of the Biden administration. Millions of dollars in aid to Ethiopia, a key security ally in the region, are at stake.

Here’s a look at the turmoil in Tigray as the Security Council meets behind closed doors on Thursday to discuss it:

WHAT ABOUT CIVILIANS MASSACRED?

Last month The Associated Press exposed the killing of an estimated 800 people in the city of Axum, citing several witnesses, and a week later Amnesty International reported “many hundreds” killed there, citing more than 40 witnesses. Soldiers from neighboring Eritrea, long an enemy of Tigray’s now-fugitive leaders, were blamed.

Ethiopia continues to deny the Eritreans’ presence, even as senior officials with the interim Tigray government that Ethiopia appointed are increasingly outspoken about them. There is growing concern that Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who won the Nobel in 2019 for making peace with Eritrea, has now teamed up with it in war. Eritrea called the AP story on Axum “outrageous lies.”

Amid the denials, untold thousands of civilians have been killed as Ethiopian and allied forces pursue the former Tigray leaders who once dominated Ethiopia’s government before Abiy took office in 2018. Each side came to regard each other as illegitimate, then turned to fighting.

Axum is far from the only massacre alleged in the Tigray conflict. More are now coming to light as telephone service resumes in the region and more people flee.

The Telegraph, citing witnesses, has reported one in Debre Abay. CNN, citing witnesses, has reported one in Dengelat. And Agence France-Presse further exposed the Dengelat killings during a rare visit to the scene.

On Thursday, U.N. human rights chief Michelle Bachelet said her office has corroborated information about incidents including “mass killings” in Axum and Dengelat, and warned of possible war crimes. Victims “must not be denied their rights to the truth and to justice,” she said, urging Ethiopia to let independent monitors into Tigray.

After U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken over the weekend issued the strongest statement yet from Washington on Tigray and spoke with Abiy this week, the prime minister’s office on Wednesday reversed its skeptical stance on the Axum massacre and said it was investigating “credible allegations” in the city and elsewhere in the region.

But human rights groups and others are calling for independent international investigations, ideally led by the U.N., arguing that a government accused of involvement in atrocities cannot effectively investigate itself.

CAN JOURNALISTS REPORT FROM TIGRAY?

Yes, at their peril. Ethiopia in recent days began allowing a limited number of foreign media outlets to visit Tigray — the AP did not receive permission — but several Ethiopian media workers with the outlets were quickly detained.

Even as it announced the limited media access, Ethiopia warned journalists to essentially behave themselves. The government’s statement on Wednesday said Ethiopian defense forces would “ensure the security” of journalists in the parts of Tigray under their control, but those who leave the areas do so at their own risk. And journalists who break national laws, “including by aiding and abetting criminal entities and perpetrators, will be held accountable.”

The Committee to Protect Journalists this week criticized Ethiopia’s actions, saying that “the scarcity of independent reporting coming out of Tigray during this conflict was already deeply alarming. Now, the Ethiopian military’s arrests of journalists and media workers will undoubtedly lead to fear and self-censorship.”

Without unhindered access to Tigray, it is challenging to determine the fate of an estimated 6 million people four months after the region was cut off from the world.

ARE PEOPLE STARVING TO DEATH?

Yes, according to local officials, though it’s not clear how many. While humanitarian aid to Tigray has increased in recent weeks, aid workers have said it is far from enough and some 80% of the region remains unreachable.

In the starkest warning yet, the Ethiopian Red Cross last month said if humanitarian access didn’t improve, thousands of people would be starving to death in a month, and tens of thousands in two months.

Ethiopia’s government on Wednesday said it had distributed food aid to some 3.8 million people, and it again asserted that humanitarian organizations now have unfettered access to Tigray.

But humanitarian workers say the reality is far different, citing obstacles from authorities and the insecurity. An access map published this week by the U.N. humanitarian agency showed much of Tigray inaccessible beyond major roads and cities.

The fighting, which is ongoing in parts of Tigray, erupted on the brink of harvest in the largely agricultural region and sent an untold number of people fleeing their homes. Witnesses have described widespread looting by Eritrean soldiers as well as the burning of crops, while forces from the neighboring Amhara region have reportedly occupied large parts of Tigray.

This week a senior interim Tigray official, Gebremeskel Kassa, told the BBC that “we are not able to know the whereabouts of a million people.”

The U.S. now says both the Eritreans and the Amhara forces should leave Tigray immediately.

Source

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Posted in Conspiracies, Ethiopia, Infos, Media & Journalism | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

In Ethiopia’s Holy City of Axum 50 People ‘Live’ in a Small Box

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 4, 2021

በአስከፊ ሁኔታ ውስጥ ያሉ የትግራይ ቤተሰቦች እርዳታ ሲቀበሉ፡፡ 

❖❖❖በኢትዮጵያ ቅድስት ከተማ በአክሱም 50 ሰዎች በትንሽ ሣጥን ውስጥ ይኖራሉ?!❖❖❖

አሰቃቂ ጭፍጨፋ በተካሄደባትና ለመላው ኢትዮጵያውያን ክርስቲያኖች ቅዱስ በሆነችው ከተማ፤ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ቀዳማዊ ፓትርያርክ ርእሰ ሊቃነ ጳጳሳት ዘኢትዮጵያ ሊቀ ጳጳስ ዘአክሱም ወእጨጌ ዘመንበረ ተክለሃይማኖት በረሷት ብቸኛዋ ከተማቸው?😢😢😢

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Infos, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

 
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