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Posts Tagged ‘የማንነት ጥቃት’

LATimes on The Bora Massacre | In an Out-of-Sight War, a Massacre Comes to Light

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 19, 2021

❖ „The Bora Christmas Day Massacre in Southern Tigray by the Ethiopian Army | የቦራ ጭፍጨፋ”

በኢትዮጵያ ጦር በደቡብ ትግራይ የቦራ የገና ቀን እልቂት፤ እስከ ፻፶/150 ንጹሐን በግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ የአህዛብ ሰአራዊት ተገድለዋል። ወራዳው የግራኝ 😈 ሰአራዊት በጦር ሜዳ ሲሸነፍ ውደ ንጹሐን አረጋውያንን፣ ሴቶችን እና ሕፃናት ፊቱን አዙሮ በየቤተክርስቲያኑ ይገድላቸዋል ፤ ያውም በጌታችን የልደት ቀን። 😢😢😢 ወገኖቼስ የሰማዕትነትን አክሊል ተቀዳጅተዋል፤ ይብላኝ ወደ ማያገባው ወደ ትግራይ ምድር እየተቀበዘበዘ ለገባው ለአውሬው የግራኝ ሰራዊትና “ዘራፍ! ያዘው! በለው! ግደለው!” እያሉ ለላኩት ውዳቂ ቃኤላውያን። አሁን ምንም የምታደርጉት ነገር አይኖርም፤ የትንቢት መፈጸሚያዎች ናችሁ፣ ተፈርዶባችኋል፤ ምንም የሚያድናችሁ ምድራዊ ሃይል አይኖርም፤ የሲዖል ደጃፍ በሯን ከፍታ ትጠብቃችኋለች።

The shootings began after lunch.

It was Friday, Jan. 8, the day after Genna, the Ethiopian Orthodox Christmas. Around 2 p.m., Kidane Tesfay heard gunshots near his family’s home and thought of his two brothers, ages 17 and 20, walking outside.

“When I looked through the door’s peephole, I saw them on the ground, their blood spilling out,” he said in an interview. He also saw soldiers wearing mud-flecked green camouflage gear striding up to the door.

“I had to escape,” Tesfay said. “Luckily our house has another entrance. I ran out the back.”

What followed was an hours-long killing rampage, according to accounts from 10 survivors, including Tesfay, as well as from victims’ relatives and friends and activist groups. Ethiopian soldiers went from house to house in Bora, a town in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region, and executed more than 160 people.

Done killing, the soldiers stopped families from taking their dead. Only on Sunday — two days after the slaughter — were gravediggers allowed to set about their grim task; one of them buried 26 corpses in the graveyard of the Abune Aregawi Church, survivors said.

“The town was filled with corpses. The bodies of our friends and neighbors started to smell,” said Girmay Hagos, a 30-year-old real estate agent and survivor. “We kept our grief to ourselves — the soldiers didn’t allow us to cry.”

The massacre in Bora is another deep stain on Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s months-long war in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region, which began in early November after the ruling faction there, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, or TPLF, attacked a government military base. Abiy retaliated with what he called a “law-enforcement operation,” which killed tens of thousands of people, estimates say, and displaced hundreds of thousands more. More than 60,000 Tigrayans have fled to neighboring Sudan alone, according to the International Organization for Migration.

Behind those numbers has been a brutal, ethnically driven campaign of punishment against the 5.4 million people living in Tigray and the TPLF, which had ruled Africa’s second-most populous country for almost three decades before Abiy’s ascension to power in 2018.

Much of the war remains opaque because the government imposed a communications blackout Nov. 4, largely sealing Tigray from the wider world. Still, consistent reports have emerged in recent weeks of “extrajudicial killings, sexual violence, looting of property, mass executions and impeded humanitarian access,” the U.N.’s Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide said in a statement last month.

On Monday, medical charity Doctors Without Borders said that 70% of clinics it visited in Tigray “were looted, vandalized and destroyed in a deliberate and generalized manner.” Last week, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken told a House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing that government forces — which include the Ethiopian army, soldiers from neighboring Eritrea and state-sponsored militiamen from the Amhara region — had committed acts of “ethnic cleansing.”

One of those skirmishes, Bora residents say, happened the morning of Jan. 8 in the Ajale mountains, an area about 10 miles north of the town. After the fighting, soldiers descended upon Bora.

Hagos, the real estate agent, had gone to stay in Bora with his mother and sister, seeking safety there after hearing rumors that Ethiopian soldiers were killing civilians in the Tigrayan capital, Mekele, where he lived. With the sound of gunshots getting closer, his mother covered him with a blanket and told him to pretend he was ill.

“I lay down and acted as if I were sick and old,” Hagos said. “When the Ethiopian soldiers came to the house, they looked in and saw two women and what appeared to be a useless patient. They cursed at us and left.”

Others weren’t so lucky. Hagos said he personally knew 20 victims of the slaughter, including his 15-year-old brother, Yared; his childhood friend, Kalayu Negus, a popular barber in the town; and Alemu Amare, a neighbor who had gone out to get typhoid medicine for his daughter.

All the witnesses interviewed for this story insisted that the TPLF had no presence in the area after Nov. 26, and that there had been no provocation or warning before the soldiers began their rampage.

“Farmers. Farmers and youngsters,” one woman says over and over as she cries over the body of a family member in a video provided by Seb Hidri, an NGO in Tigray that supports Tigray’s independence. Corpses of men wearing civilian clothes lie strewn on the ground, one in a pool of blood, as other women shout and weep.

Local sources said the accents of the women, their clothing and the terrain in the video are consistent with its having been filmed either in or near Bora, but the Los Angeles Times could not independently verify the footage.

Seb Hidri says it has documented 170 killed in the town. Tghat, a news site run by pro-TPLF activists, reported on the Bora killings Jan. 12, along with another alleged massacre that took place in an area called Debre Abay.

Other instances of alleged human rights abuses have been mostly blamed on Eritrean troops or militias working alongside Ethiopian government forces.

But Hagos and other survivors insist that Ethiopian army soldiers were behind the bloodletting in Bora, based on their uniforms and the fact they spoke Amharic. Analysis by independent media outlets of videos emerging from the Debre Abay massacre suggests that Ethiopian soldiers carried out that attack as well.

Guiomar Pau Sole, spokeswoman for the U.N.’s regional Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Nairobi, said the U.N. had received “alarming reports of civilians being injured and killed during fighting in rural areas of Tigray, and violations against civilians, including sexual violence.”

“However, the verification of this information was, and remains, extremely challenging,” Pau Sole said.

In its statement Saturday, Ethiopia foreign ministry insisted that “the government has demonstrated its readiness to engage positively and constructively with all the relevant regional and international stakeholders in responding to the serious allegations of human rights abuses and crimes.”

On Wednesday, the U.N.’s human rights chief, Michelle Bachelet, agreed to a request by the government’s human rights commission for for a joint investigation in Tigray.

Witnesses in Bora accuse the soldiers of trying to purge ethnic Tigrayans from the area.

“They killed men and boys. They came and terrorized the women, asking them where their husbands and sons are,” said Birhane Halefom, 32, a day laborer who escaped to Mekele, the regional capital, during the massacre. He added that Ethiopian troops had burned crop fields and urinated in stores to despoil the grain kept there.

Mersa Tshaye, an 18-year-old high school student, said his survival might owe to the fact that his family’s home is small and unobtrusive.

“That could be the reason why the soldiers did not notice or bother to enter — I don’t know. But maybe it was just luck,” Mersa said. “No one is left of my friends. Perhaps it was not my day to die.”

Source

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Infos, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

#Ethiopia: A Massacre in the Tigray Mountains | እልቂት በትግራይ ተራሮች

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 12, 2021

❖❖❖God bless you – እግዚአብሔር ይስጥልን!!! እኛ መሆን ነበረብን በቀን መቶ ጊዜ እንዲህ የመሰሳሉ ግሩም ቪዲዮችን፣ ጽሑፎችንና ንባቦችን ማቅረብ የሚገባን።❖❖❖

[ወደ ሮሜ ሰዎች ምዕራፍ ፰፥፴፭]

ከክርስቶስ ፍቅር ማን ይለየናል? መከራ፥ ወይስ ጭንቀት፥ ወይስ ስደት፥ ወይስ ራብ፥ ወይስ ራቁትነት፥ ወይስ ፍርሃት፥ ወይስ ሰይፍ ነውን?

The cries of innocent men echo in the mountains of Tigray, as their lifeless bodies were left unburied. The smell of death encircles over the blood stained mountains and streets. God’s heart was the first to break as the sounds of the triggers were shot in Tigray. In times like these people of faith with their wounded hearts turn to God who created us, who loves us still, and we ask, “Why?”

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Infos | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Bora Christmas Day Massacre in Southern Tigray by the unEthiopian Army | የቦራ ጭፍጨፋ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 12, 2021

በኢትዮጵያ ጦር በደቡብ ትግራይ የቦራ የገና ቀን እልቂት፤ እስከ ፻፶/150 ንጹሐን በግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ የአህዛብ ሰአራዊት ተገድለዋል። ወራዳው የግራኝ 😈 ሰአራዊት በጦር ሜዳ ሲሸነፍ ውደ ንጹሐን አረጋውያንን፣ ሴቶችን እና ሕፃናት ፊቱን አዙሮ በየቤተክርስቲያኑ ይገድላቸዋል ፤ ያውም በጌታችን የልደት ቀን። 😢😢😢 ወገኖቼስ የሰማዕትነትን አክሊል ተቀዳጅተዋል፤ ይብላኝ ወደ ማያገባው ወደ ትግራይ ምድር እየተቀበዘበዘ ለገባው ለአውሬው የግራኝ ሰራዊትና “ዘራፍ! ያዘው! በለው! ግደለው!” እያሉ ለላኩት ውዳቂ ቃኤላውያን። አሁን ምንም የምታደርጉት ነገር አይኖርም፤ የትንቢት መፈጸሚያዎች ናችሁ፣ ተፈርዶባችኋል፤ ምንም የሚያድናችሁ ምድራዊ ሃይል አይኖርም፤ የሲዖል ደጃፍ በሯን ከፍታ ትጠብቃችኋለች።

On 8 and 9 January (the days following Christmas in Tigray), the Ethiopian army massacred more than 100 civilians in Bora villages in southern Tigray in vengeance, after the army sustained heavy casualties in a fight with local militia.

Tghat first reported a massacre at Bora Selewa on 12 January, 2021. We reported that the massacre took place on 10 January. We have learned that the main massacre took place on 8 followed by some more massacres on 9 and 10.

First, on the Tigrayan Christmas day of 7 January, 13 military trucks full of Ethiopian soldiers arrived at the town of Bora. They started firing to the villages, terrorizing the entire area. The next day, early in the morning, local militias gathered and engaged the soldiers starting from as early as 5 AM. The fighting lasted until 19 PM. Several reinforcement trucks full with soldiers came from Adi Shihu. The Ethiopian soldiers sustained a huge number of casualties, said eyewitnesses. Some eyewitnesses estimated up to 700 Ethiopian soldiers were killed in the day-long fight.

Eyewitnesses said the Ethiopian soldiers were angry. A part of the Ethiopian troops went to Bora town around 14PM and started massacring villagers, even old people. “It was just a pure vengeance “, said eyewitnesses. One eyewitness said he saw soldiers entering an old woman’s house and killing her in her house.

The main massacre took place in the Bora town (Gra Demo area), then in the villages of Chelena, Wa’ero, Mebal, Mai LiHam and Qilma. In Gra Demo area of Bora, the soldiers killed people in their houses and outside. They killed two or three members in one household.

The Ethiopian soldiers took their soldiers in trucks via Maichew out of Tigray. In a village called Midre Wessen, the Ethiopian soldiers were moving their dead with military trucks. They came across a priest, stopped him and asked if he had seen the militia. He replied that he did not see. Then they killed him, accusing him of lying.

The militia eventually retreated to Ayi area. On 9 January 2021, the Ethiopian soldiers moved to the countrysides and killed many people. They asked people to show them the militia and when they could not, they killed them. They killed many in Chelena.

In the village of Qilma, everyone fled the area before the military entered it. Only old people and some men were there. Kahsay Qeshi Kiros’s family also fled, but he remained tending his bees and his chicken. The Ethiopian Soldiers took Kahsay Qeshi Kiros and his nephew (who was a priest) and made them haul water for them the whole day. Eyewitnesses said they heard gun shot at night at where the soldiers were keeping them. The next day, the soldiers left the area and villagers found that Kahsay Qeshi Kiros was slaughtered with a knife and his nephew was shot dead.

Eyewitnesses estimate the number of massacred people to be between 100 and 150. Massacres took places mainly in the town of Bora (especially in an area called Gra demo (ግራ ደሞ), Chamela (ጫመላ) where several houses have also been burned, Adi Shegla (ዓዲ ሸግላ), Midre Wessen, Qilma (ቅልማ), Azebo (ኣዜቦ), and Fre Weyane.

The Elderly (mostly woman) toiled to bury the dead for many days. Many are buried at Abune Aregawi church.

After about 3 days many cars with military leaders came from Mekelle and the old and weak that remained in the villages gathered. The elders asked why so much massacre was committed upon them and pleaded for an end. The military officers, with no sign of sympathy, replied “if you continue to fight us, we will finish you off; we won’t even spare your chickens”.

The military remained in the area terrorizing the villagers. At the moment, the area has been retaken by Tigray Defence Forces. There is no electricity or telephone services.

Source

👉 Ethiopia: Video of Tigray Massacre Lifts Lid on ‘War Without Photos’

Men in uniform slaughtered dozens of people in a small village in the Tigray region of Ethiopia on January 5, 2021, right in the midst of the usually festive Orthodox Christmas season. Thirty bodies are seen on the ground in a video that has been circulating online despite the current internet blackout in the Tigray region, which has been engulfed in a bloody conflict between the army and rebels. The soldier filming the video points the camera at an injured person, saying to a comrade, “You should have finished off the survivors!” Our team was able to verify this video.

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Posted in Ethiopia, Faith, Infos, Life | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Why Are Abiy Ahmed’s Soldiers Attacking Religious Heritage Sites of Tigray, Ethiopia?

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on March 12, 2021

👉 አላማቸው፦

❖ “ክርስቲያን ትግራውያንን ለማዋረድ እና ለማዳከም ፣ ውሳኔያቸውን ፣ ማንነታቸውን እና መንፈሳቸውን ለመስበር”

🔥 የጥቃቱ ስትራቴጂ የታሰበው የህብረተሰቡን ውሳኔ እና መንፈስ ለማፍረስ፣ ህዝቡን ለማዋረድ እና ለማዳከም ነው። በጣም በከፋ መልኩ ደግሞ ይህ በዓለም አቀፍ ሕግ የተጠቀሰው “ባህላዊ የዘር ማጥፋት” ተግባር ነው። የታሰበው ውጤት የሰዎችን ቁርጠኝነት ከምድሪቱ ማጥፋት፣ እነሱን በአካላዊ ብቻ ሳይሆን በስነልቦና እና በመንፈስ ነቅሎ ለማውጣት ነው። በዚህ አካሄድ የሃይማኖት ቦታዎችን ማጥፋት ኃይለኛ መሣሪያ ነው።

👉 ይህ እጅግ በጣም ከፍተኛ ወንጀል ነው! 😠😠😠

😈 ይህ “100% ዲያብሎሳዊ የክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚው ተግባር ነው።

ይገርማል፤ ላለማስበላትና ደግሞ “አልነጃሺ” የተባለውን መስጊድ አብረው አጠቁት፤ ለመቶ ክርስቲያን አንድ ሙስሊም ለመቶ ዓብያተ ክርስቲያናት አንድ መስጊድ ያቃጥላሉ። አርመኔ የዲያብሎስ የግብር ልጆች! 😠😠😠

ጽዮንን የደፈረ እንቅልፍ የለውም፤ በክሱም ጽዮን ላይ እጅግ በጣም ግፍና ወንጀል የፈጸሙት ጠላቶቿ የሆኑ ሁሉ በመለኮታዊ ሰይፍ ይጨፍጨፉ! ነበልባላዊ በሚሆን በሥላሴ ቃልና ሥልጣን ይንደዱ! ይቃጠሉ! በሲኦል የጨለማ አዘቅት ውስጥ ይዝቀጡ ወይም ይስጠሙ! ኃዘን ከላያቸው አይራቅ ትካዜም ከልባቸው አይጥፋ! እንደ ቃየልና ይሁዳ በዱርና በበርሃ ተበታትነው ሲቅበዘበዙ ይኑሩ!

🔥 „To Humiliate & Demoralize Orthodox Christian Tigrayans, to Break Their Resolve, Identity & Spirit„

The attack strategy is aimed at humiliating and demoralizing the population to break the community’s resolve and spirit. In its most extreme form, this is known in international law as cultural genocide. The intended effect is to erase people’s attachment to the land, uprooting them not only physically, but psychologically/Spiritually. Destroying religious sites is a powerful instrument in this approach.„

😈 This’s 100% the satanic work of the Antichrist.

In Ethiopia, it is customary for large crowds to gather on the last week of November at the country’s holiest site, the Church of St Mary of Zion in Axum. Every year, followers of the ancient Ethiopian Orthodox faith, who constitute roughly 60% of the population, join each other to celebrate the presence of the Ark of the Covenant in what is one of Ethiopia’s most important religious festivities.

This November, however, the Church of St Mary of Zion was crowded for a different reason. A week earlier, Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers had arrived in Axum as part of the federal government’s war with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). By 28 November, two days before festivities would normally have begun, many people had gathered in the church to find refuge, worship, and protect what is believed to be the Ark of the Covenant from being stolen. According to a deacon at the church, soldiers burst into the church, dragging worshippers out and shooting at people as they tried to escape. The witness estimated that 800 people were massacred that weekend at the church and in the city.

An Amnesty International report based on over 60 interviews described how: “Over an approximately 24-hour period on 28-29 November, Eritrean soldiers deliberately shot civilians on the street and carried out systematic house-to-house searches, extrajudicially executing men and boys”.

As well as attacking people, there is also evidence of soldiers engaging in widespread looting, including of religious heritage sites both in Axum and more widely in Tigray. A recent report from the Europe External Programme with Africa describes how “Eritrean troops climbed onto the 6th century [Debre Damo] monastery and looted old manuscripts and treasures”. Despite the information blackout, reports and images have also emerged of soldiers damaging many other important sites, from several ancient churches to the 7th century Wukro al-Nejashi mosque, one of the world’s oldest and most important Islamic sites.

Why would the Ethiopian authorities allow for the assault on sites that are holy not just for Tigrayans but for many across the country? The first possible reason is that it is part of a scorched earth policy: everything is erased to the ground as avenging troops advance. However, this does not explain the destruction of difficult to access sites such as the Debre Damo Monastery which can only be reached by scaling 80ft cliffs. Another explanation is the economic gain of selling stolen items, but this does not explain why buildings were destroyed after the looting.

The most persuasive explanation is therefore perhaps that this strategy is aimed at humiliating and demoralizing the population to break the community’s resolve and spirit. In its most extreme form, this is known in international law as cultural genocide. The intended effect is to erase people’s attachment to the land, uprooting them not only physically, but psychologically. Destroying religious sites is a powerful instrument in this approach.

This explanation would also be consistent with claims in a leaked US report which suggests that “Ethiopian officials and allied militia fighters are leading a systematic campaign of ethnic cleansing in Tigray”. The document claims that Amhara militias are involved in “an apparent campaign to force out the ethnic Tigrayan population under the cover of war”.

Hope and Humanitarians

It is perfectly understandable that humanitarian actors focus their emergency responses on saving lives rather than saving heritage. There are 4.5 million people in the Tigray region who urgently need food aid. However, there needs to be a distinction between what is prioritized and what is recognized. Many of whose who were allegedly massacred in the Church of Zion were there to worship and protect their religious heritage. Simply seeing them as victims of ethnic violence is reductionist and does not help to capture the full spectrum of assaults on their multiple identities.

Moreover, in supporting survivors and holding perpetrators accountable, it is essential to recognize the many ways in which people have been assaulted. The distinction of seeing humanitarians’ jobs as saving lives and heritage experts’ jobs as saving artifacts is problematic. Eyewitness evidence about who desecrated holy sites may be critical for bringing perpetrators to justice and the restoration of holy sites can be crucial to rebuilding a community’s sense of joy, pride and belonging. It gives hope for what they will pass on to future generations.

One hopes that the armed conflict in Ethiopia comes to an end soon and that both the people and sites that are dear to them are restored. Perhaps this November, the sacred Church of Zion will commemorate the dead as well as seeing the return of one of Ethiopia’s most significant religious festivities. However, this will only be possible if we recognize the importance of heritage sites both as a target in war and as a critical part of justice and restoration after it.

Source

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