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Posts Tagged ‘ቅርስ ማጥፋት’

Axum:The Mysterious ‘Fifth Evangelist’ Who Created the Bible as We Know It

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 16, 2022

✞ አክሱም፡- እኛ የምናውቀውን መጽሐፍ ቅዱስን የፈጠረው ምስጢራዊው ‘አምስተኛው ወንጌላዊ/ የቤተ ክርስቲያን ታሪክ አባት’ ቅዱስ አውሳቢዎስ

✞✞✞ ኢትዮጵያና ኢየሩሳሌም በዘመነ ክርስትና ✞✞✞

እስራኤላዊና የእስራኤልን እምነት የተቀበለ ወንድ ልጅ ሁሉ በዓመት ሶስት ጊዜ የሚያከብራቸው እጅግ የተከበሩ በዓላት ሶስት ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህም

  • የቂጣ በዓል (በዓለ ናዕት)
  • በዓለሰዊት
  • በዓለመጸለት (የዳስ በዓል) ናቸው።

እነዚህ በዓላት እስራኤላዊ ወንድ ሁሉ እግዚአብሔር በመረጠው ቦታ ማክበር ግዴታው መሆኑን ኦሪት ያዛል፡፡ [ዘዳ ፲፮፥፲፮]

ይህን ሐይማኖታዊ ሕግ መሠረት በማድረግ ሕገ ኦሪትን የቀበሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሁሉ እግዚአብሔር ወደ መረጠው ቦታ ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም እየሔዱ በዓል ያከብሩ ነበር።

በሕጉ መሠረት እስራኤላውያን ከፋሲካ በኋላ ሱባዔ ቆጥረው በዓለ ሰዊትን ሲያከብሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምዕመናን እየተገኙ በአንድነት እግዚአብሐርን ያመሰግኑ ነበር፡፡ [ሶፎንያስ ፫]

በዘመነ ክርስትናም ልማድ ስለቀጠለ ከትንሳኤ በኋላ በ ፴፬/34 ዓም ይህን በዓል ሲያከብሩ ሐዋርያት መንፈስ ቅዱስን ተቀብለው በሀገሩ ሁሉ (በ፸፪/72) ቋንቋዎች ሲናገሩ እና ሲያመሰግኑት ከሰሙት መካከል ኢትዮጵያዊያን እንደነበሩ አበው ይናገራሉ።

ቅዱሳን ሐዋርያት ጸጋ መንፈስ ቅዱስ በተቀበሉበት ወቅት ከተገኙ የዓለም ምዕመናን መካከል ኢትዮጵያዊያን ነበሩ ሲል ቅዱስ ዮሐንስ አፈወርቅ ጽፏል፡፡ (ድርሳን ዘቅ ዮሐ አፈ) [ሐዋ ፪፥፩፡፲፫]

የኢትዮጵያውያን ንግስት ሕንደኬ ሙሉ ባለስልጣን የነበረው ኢትዮጵያዊ ጃንደረባ ሕገ ኦሪት በሚያዘው መሠረት በ፴፬/34 ዓም ወደ ኢየሩሳሌም ሄዶ በዓሉን አክብሮ ሲመለስ በጋዛ መንገድ ከወንጌላዊ ፊሊጶስ ጋር ተገናኘ ጃንደረባውም ትንቢተ ኢሳያስ ምዕራፍ ፶/50 እያነበበ ነበርና ቅዱስ ፊሊጶስ ተርጉሞ አስተምሮት ለክርስትና ጥምቀት አብቅቶታል፡፡ [ሐዋ ፪፥፩፡፲፫]

ቪዲዮው በአስገራሚ መልክ የተረከለትና የቤተክርስቲያን የታሪክ አባት የተባለው ቅዱስ አውሳቢዎስ ዘቂሳርያ ይህን ሲገልጽ ከእስራኤል ሕዝብ ቀጥሎ በክርስቶስ አምኖ በመጠመቅ ኢትዮጵያዊው ጃንደረባ የመጀመሪያ የወንጌል ፍሬ ነው፡፡ ብሏል፡፡ (አውሰንዮስ ዘቂሳርያ የቤ/ታሪክ ፪ኛመጽሐፍ)

ከቅዱሳን ሐዋርያት መካከል ቅዱስ ማቴዎስ፣ ቅዱስ ናትናኤል፣ ቅዱስ በርተሎሜዎስ፣ ቅዱስ ቶማስ በኖብያና በኢትዮጵያ ስለመሰበካቸው የታሪክ ጸሐፊዎት እነ ሩጼኖስና ሶቅራጥስ መስክረዋል፡፡

በይበልጥ ቅዱስ ማቴዎስ በስፋት ማገልገሉ ይታወቃል፡፡ ይህን የመሳሰለውና ሌሎችም ማስረጃዎች የሁለቱን ሀገራት ግንኙነት ይገልጻሉ፡፡

ከኢራን እና አረብ ሃገራት ጎን ለዘመን ፍጻሜ ሤራዋ የቃልኪዳኑን ታቦት ተግታ በመፈለግ ላይ ያለችው እስራኤል ዘስጋ (በየመንም እየፈለጉ ነው፤ የመን ወይም ኢትዮጵያን የጽላተ ሙሴ መቀመጫ እንደሆኑ ስለሚያምኑ) የአክሱም ጽዮናውያንን ከትግራይ ግዛት ምድር የማጥፋቱ ሤራ ተካፋይ ናትን? ቤተ እስራኤላውያንን ከሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ወደ እስራኤል ወስዳ በሁሉም አቅጣጫ በመከተብ ላይ ያለችው እስራኤል ዘስጋ አክሱም ጽዮናውያንን እንዲጠፉ ካስደረገች በኋላወደ ሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ወስዳ ልታሰፍራቸው ትሻለችን?

እንግዲህ ሁሉም እርስበርስ ጠላት የሆኑት ሃገራት ሁሉ በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ በተከፈተው ጥንታውያኑን ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ክርስቲያኖች የአቡነ ገሪማ ልጆችን የማጥፊያው ጂሃድ ላይ አንድ ሆነው መገኘታቸው በአጋጣሚ አይደለም። እስራኤልና ኢራን በጋራ፣ ቱርክና ኤሚራቶች በጋራ፣ ሩሲያ + ዩክሬይንና ምዕራባውያኑ በጋራ ወዘተ.

በነገራችን ላይ፤ በዩክሬይን እና ሩሲያ መካከል የሚካሄደውም ጦርነት ኦርቶዶክስ ክርስቲያኖችን ከግዛታቸው የማስወገጃ ጦርነት ነው። ልብ ካልን፤ በተለይ በዩክሬይን፤ ከፕሬዚደንቱ ዜሊንስኪ እስከ ሚንስተሮቹ ድረስ ሥልጣኑን ሙሉ በሙሉ የተቆጣጠሩት እስራኤል ዘ-ስጋ/ አይሁዶች ናቸው። ቤተሰቦቹ ከአስከፊው የዘመነ ናዚ ሆሎኮስት ጭፍጨፋ ያመለጡት የአሜሪካው የውጭ ጉዳይ ምኒስትር አንቶኒ ብሊንከን በናዚዎች ለተሞላው የዩክሬይን አገዛዝ ድጋፉን መስጠቱ በጣም ያሳዝናል/ያስደነግጣል። በትናንትናው ዕለትም ብሊንክን ባወጣው መግለጫ ፋሺስቱን የኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ለማበረታታት፤ የትግርያ ኃይሎች እራሳቸውን እንዳይከላከሉ ወቀሳ ነገር መሰንዘሩ ብዙዎችን በጣም አስገርሟል። ግን ተልዕኳቸው ፀረ-ኦርቶዶክስና ፀረ-ጽዮናዊ ክርስቲያን እንዲሁም የቃል ኪዳኑን ታቦት ፍለጋ መሆኑ ግልጽ ነው። አቶ ብሊንክን ገና እጩ አያለ ነበር “የትግራይ ጦርነት ይመለከተኛል” በኋላም ሲመረጥ “በምዕራብ ትግራይ የዘር ማጽዳት ወንጀል እየተፈጸመ ነው” ሲለን የነበረው። ወዮላቸው!

💭 If you were traveling through the verdant Ethiopian highlands, you might make a stop at the Abba Gärima monastery about three miles east of Adwa in the northernmost part of the country. If you were a man—and you’d have to be to gain entry into the Orthodox monastery—then you might be permitted to look at the Abba Gärima Gospel books. These exquisitely illuminated manuscripts are the earliest evidence of the art of the Christian Aksumite kingdom. Legend holds that God stopped the sun in the sky so the copyist could finish them. Leafing through a Gospel book you would come upon portraits of the four evangelists—Matthew, Mark, Luke and John—the authors of the book’s contents. You might be surprised to find, however, that there is a fifth evangelist included there.

“A fifth evangelist?!” you say, and rightly so. This fifth portrait is that of Eusebius of Caesarea, the man who taught us how to read the Gospels. A new book, Eusebius the Evangelist: Rewriting the Fourfold Gospel in Late Antiquity, by Dr. Jeremiah Coogan, an assistant professor of New Testament at the Jesuit School of Theology at Santa Clara University, sheds light on history’s lost “fifth evangelist” and explains the pervasive influence of the bishop who has, arguably, done more than anyone else to shape how we read the gospels.

Eusebius of Caesarea is not a very well-known name outside of scholarly circles. He was born in the last half of the third century in Caesarea Maritima, in what is today Israel. He became first a priest and then a bishop. He would later become a biographer of the emperor Constantine possibly even a wheeler-dealer in the ecclesiastical politics of the imperial court. Under the influence of the third-century theologian Origen, who spent a long period of his life in Caesarea, Eusebius became an accomplished textual scholar.

If you’ve heard Eusebius’s name before it’s probably because of his Church History, an account of Christianity’s origins from the Apostles to his own day. As influential as the Church History is—and it became the template for how people have written the history of Christianity ever since—it doesn’t compare to the impact of his less visible and least-known literary production, the canon tables (also known as the Eusebian Apparatus).

In Eusebius’ time the contents of the New Testament were not universally established. Though many agreed that there should be four Gospels, and even grounded this assumption in the natural order of the universe, they did not read the Gospels in parallel. At least part of the reason for this was that, practically speaking, this was hard to do. Even if you had a Gospel book that contained copies of the four canonical Gospels, identifying how the various stories related to one another involved familiarity with the text, deductive skills, and a real facility navigating the physical object itself. Gospel books were big and heavy; the text was usually written in a series of unbroken Greek letters; and there were no chapter, verse, or page numbers to help you find your way.

Enter Eusebius, the man whose invention made reading the Gospels in parallel possible. It is basically a carefully organized reference tool that allows you to navigate books. In a period before chapter and verse divisions, Eusebius and his team of literary assistants divided the canonical Gospels into numbered sections and produced a set of coordinating reference tables that allow readers to cross-reference versions of the same story in other Gospels. This was an important innovation in book technology in general. As Coogan put it “the Eusebian apparatus is the first system of cross-references ever invented—not just for the Gospels, but for any text.” Reference tables might not seem sexy, but by producing them Eusebius inaugurated a trend that would dominate how Christians ever since have read the Bible.

“While Eusebius was never formally denounced as a heretic, some of his opinions were pretty unorthodox.”

The enormity of his innovation is hard to see precisely because it has become ubiquitous. We thread the different sayings of Jesus from the Cross together into one story. We merge the infancy stories of Matthew and Luke together to produce a single shepherd and wise men-filled Nativity story. These decisions are relatively uncomplicated, but we should consider the amount of decision-making that went into the production of this reading scheme. First, the team had to decide on unit divisions: what is a unit, where does it begin, and where does it end? While today church services have designated readings, early Christians often read for as “long as time permitted.” In segmenting the Gospel, the Eusebian team was cementing preexisting yet informal distinctions about what constituted a particular story, episode, or section of the life of Jesus.

Once this was accomplished, each unit had to be correlated to the corresponding units in the other Gospels. Some decisions seem easy: Jesus feeds 5,000 people in all four Gospels, for example. But there is an additional story—relayed by Mark and Luke—in which he feeds 4,000 people. What should we do with them? What about chronological discrepancies? The incident in the Jerusalem Temple where Jesus gets into a physical dispute with moneychangers appears in the final week of his life in the Synoptics but kicks off his ministry in the Gospel of John. Are they the same story? Did Jesus cleanse the Temple twice? These were and indeed are live questions for Christian readers, but by drawing up his tables, Eusebius and his team provided answers by means of a simple chart. A great deal of interpretation and theological work happens in the construction of the chart, but the tables seem to be factual accounting. Instead of argumentation that makes itself open to disagreement, we see only beguilingly agent-less lines and numbering.

This kind of schematization might seem to be the ancient equivalent of administrative or clerical work. Indeed, it drew upon technologies and practices from ancient administration, mathematics, astrology, medicine, magic, and culinary arts. The portraits from the Ethiopian Gärima Gospel, however, capture an often-hidden truth: Schematization is theological work. Segmenting the Bible and mapping its contents created theologically motivated juxtapositions and connections. For example, by connecting the story of divine creation from the prologue of the Gospel of John (“In the beginning was the word…”) to the genealogies of Matthew and Luke (the so-and-so begat so-and-so parts), the Eusebian team could underscore the divine and human origins of Jesus. Equally important, they instructed the reader to read the Gospels in a new way: a way that reoriented the original organization. If this shift seems unimportant or intuitive to us, it is only because we have so thoroughly absorbed it.

Take, say, the interweaving of Jesus’s finals words at the crucifixion. Mark’s version ends with Jesus in psychic and physical distress crying that God has abandoned him. It’s an uncomfortable scene and it is meant to be. Luke and John have more self-controlled conclusions: Jesus commends his spirit into the hands of his father (Luke) and authoritatively proclaims his life “finished” (John). Though Eusebius doesn’t reconcile these portraits himself, his apparatus allowed future generations to combine them in a way that neutralizes the discomfort we have when we read Mark.

While others had thought about reading the Gospels alongside one another, it was Eusebius and his team who came up with the tool to do it in a systematic way. From Eusebius onwards, Coogan told The Daily Beast, “most manuscripts of the Gospels included the Eusebian apparatus. When a reader encountered the Gospels on the page, they generally did so in a form shaped by Eusebius’ innovative project. While Eusebius prepared his Gospel edition in Greek, the apparatus had an impact in almost every language the Gospels were translated into. We find it in manuscripts in Latin, Coptic, Syriac, Armenian, Ethiopic, Gothic, Georgian, Arabic, Caucasian Albanian, Nubian, Slavonic, Old English, Middle German, and Dutch. Thousands of Gospel manuscripts, from the fourth century to the twentieth, reflect Eusebius’ approach to reading the Gospels.” Even today when academics think about the relationships between the Gospels and print Gospels in parallel with one another, we are asking the same questions as Eusebius did. It might be said that Eusebius is still controlling how we think.

The truth is however that any kind of supplementary material (scholars call them paratexts) like an index or a table of contents creates new ways to read a text. Matthew or Mark may have wanted you to read their stories linearly from start to finish, but Eusebius and his team gave you a new way to read. You could hunt and peck between the bindings. Reading out of order can be powerful work, as Wil Gafney’s A Women’s Lectionary for the Whole Church is, because it creates new pathways through the text that disrupt the ways that the authors meant the texts to be read. Most authors don’t write narratives with the expectation that people will just use Google to search inside it.

While Eusebius was never formally denounced as a heretic, some of his opinions—including some of the judgments that inform his apparatus—were pretty unorthodox. Like Origen he was sympathetic to views about the nature of Christ that would later be condemned as heresy. It’s probably because of the ambiguities surrounding his theological views that Eusebius, one of the most influential figures in Christian history, never became a saint. But his story proves that it is sometimes invisible actors who are the most powerful of all.

Source

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ሙስሊሟ ሚንስትር ፊልሳን በስልት ተፈለሰች፤ የተቀሩት ሴቶችስ? ዶ/ር ሊያ ባክሽ ከስልጣን ውረጂ!

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on September 30, 2021

አሁን ጉዳዩ በጣም ዘግይቷል፤ እንግዲህ ወደዱትም ጠሉትም ሁሉም ዘላለማዊ የሆነ የሕሊና እድፍ ተሸካሚዎች ናቸው። እረፍት፣ እንቅልፍ፣ ሰላም እና ጤና የላቸውም!

አረመኔው እባብ ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ በትግራይ ሴቶች ላይ ስታላግጥ የነበረችውን የሙስሊም እኅቱን ሶማሊቷን ፊልሳን አብዱላሂን ከሥልጣን እንድትወርድ ያደረጋት ለተለመደው ስልቱ ሲል ነው። ጃዋር መሀመድንም በተመሳሳይ መልክ በ”እስር ቤት” ቪላው “እንዲታሠር” እንዳደረገው። ዓላማቸውን አንድ እና አንድ ነው፤ ለሚያልሙላት እስላማዊት ኦሮሚያ ኤሚራት ኦጋዴንን (ሶማሌ ክልልንም) በግብረ-ሰዶማዊው ሙስጠፌ አማካኝነት በመጠቅለል ጂሃዳቸውን በመላው ምስራቅ አፍሪቃ ማስፋፋት ይችሉ ዘንድ ነው። አዎ! ኦሮሞዎችም መሀመዳውያኑም (የዋቄዮ-አላህ ባሪያዎች) እየጨፈጨፉትና እያስጨፈጨፉት ብሎም አስርበው በአሰቃቂ መልክ እየገደሉት ባሉት የሰሜኑ ሕዝበ ክርስቲያን መዳከም እየተደሰቱ ፣ እየጨፈሩ እና የልብ ልብ እየተሰማቸው ነው። ጂሃዲስቶቹ እነ “አል አሩሲ” ሱፍ ለብሰውና ከረባት አስረው የሕዳሴውን ግድብ ጉዳይ ተሰምቷቸው መሪያቸው ግራኝ እንዳላቸው፤ “ ሃበሾች ጥቅም ወዳድ ናቸውና በጥቅም ሂድባቸው…የሚፈልጉትን እያሳየህ ወደምትፈልገው ስፍራ ውሰድ እና ጣላቸው… ከዚያም በሬ ሆይ! ሳሩን አየህና ገደሉን ሳታይ… ብለህ ተርትባቸው” እያሉ ላባቸውን አንጠፋጥፈውና ደማቸውን አፍስሰው በሠሩት ሰሜን ኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ እየተሳለቁባቸው ነው። ግድ የለም፤ ጊዜያቸው አጭር ስለሆነ ነው!

💭 ይህን ጠቁመን የነበረው ባለፈው ጥር ወር ላይ ነበር።

ሴት ባለሥልጣናት በሞሉባት አገር፤ እህቶች በወታደር ተደፈሩ ነፍሰጡሯ ሳትቀር”

😈 ኤልዛቤል – መንፈሳዊ ጋለሞታዎች

ሳህለ ወርቅ ዘውዴ – Sahle-Work Zewde

መዓዛ አሸናፊ – Meaza Ashenafi

ስንቅነሽ እጅጉ – Sinknesh Ejigu

ሙፈሪያት ካሚል – Muferiat Kamil

አስቴር ማሞ – Aster Mamo

አይሻ መሀመድ – Aisha Mohammed Mussa

ብርቱካን ሚደክሳ – Birtukan Mideksa

ሊያ ታደሰ – Lia Tadesse

ዳግማዊት ሞገስ – Dagmawit Moges

ፊልሳን አብዱላሂ – Filsan Abdullahi (ከዓመት በኋላ በስልት ተወገደች)

ሂሩት ካሳው – Hirut Kassaw

አዳነች አቤቤ – Adanech Abebe

ሂሩት ወልደ ማርያም – Hirut Welde Mariam

ዝናሽ ታያቸው – Zinash Tayachew

አክዓብይ ሲዖል ታየው – Abiy Ahmed

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Posted in Ethiopia, Life, News/ዜና, War & Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Tigray, Ethiopia | Scholars Fear The Worst For One of Christianity’s Oldest Manuscripts

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 10, 2021

❖ የቅዱስ አቡነ ገሪማ ወንጌል | በክርስትና እምነት ጥንታዊ ለሆነው ቅርስ ምሁራን ከፍተኛ ስጋት አላቸው ❖

After surviving 1,500 years of human history in a remote monastery, the Garima Gospels are now facing their most severe threat.

The war in Tigray has inflicted more destruction on Ethiopia’s religious and cultural heritage than anything since the invasions of Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi.

የገሪማ ወንጌሎች በትግራይ ገዳም ውስጥ ለ ፲፻፭፻/1,500 ዓመታት የሰው ልጅ ታሪክ ከተረፉ በኋላ አሁን በጣም ከባድ ሥጋት እየገጠማቸው ነው፡፡

ከግራኝ አህመድ ኢብን ኢብራሂም አል-ጋዚ ወረራ ጀምሮ ከምንም ነገር በላይ በኢትዮጵያ ያለው ጦርነት በኢትዮጵያ ሃይማኖታዊና ባህላዊ ቅርሶች ላይ የበለጠ ጥፋት/ውድመት አስከትሏል።

በአድዋ፤ ትግራይ በጥንታዊው የቅዱስ አቡነ ገሪማ ገዳም የሚኘው መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ከመጀመሪያው የእንግሊዝኛው መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ (KJV – King James Version) በ፰፻/800 ዓመት ቀደምትነት እንዳለው ሳይንሱ ሳይቀር ማረጋገጫ ሰጥቷል።

“ከአምስት መቶ ዓመታት በኋላ፤ ከግራኝ አህመድ ቀዳማዊ ዘመን በኋላ እንዲህ ዓይነት ውድመት በኢትዮጵያ ሲታይ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ነው” እያሉን ነው ባዕድውያኑ እንኳ። በእውነት ባዕዳውያኑ “ኤትዮጵያውያን ነን፣ ተዋሕዶ ነን” ከሚሉት ይልቅ ስለ ሃይማኖታዊ እና ባህላዊ ቅርሶቻችን በይበልጥ ተቆርቋሪዎች ሆነው ይታሉ። ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ! በዓለማችንና ለመላው የሰው ልጅ ከፍተኛ ዋጋ ያላቸው ታሪካዊ ቅርሶችና ኃብቶች የሚገኙባትን ትግራይን የኢትዮጵያና ተዋሕዶ እምነቷ ጠላት የሆነው ግራኝ አብህመድ ዳግማዊ እንዲጨፈጭፍላቸው ፈቃድ የሰጡት “ኢትዮጵያዊ ነን፣ ተዋሕዶ ክርስቲያን ነን” ባይ ግብዞች አሁን የት አሉ? ስንቱስ ነው እንኳን ለአባቶቹ ቅርስ ለሃገሩ የማንነት መገለጫ ለመጋደል፤ ጉዳዩ አሳስቦት “ቅርሶቻችን እየጠፉ ነውና ጦርነቱን አቁሙ!” ለማለት እንኳ ኢትዮጵያዊ ወይንም ክርስቲያናዊ ድፍረት ያለው? ፲/10 % የሚሆን አይመስለኝም።

ባለቤቱን ካልናቁ አጥሩን አይነቀንቁ” እንዲሉ፤ ለሦስት ዓመታት ያ ሁሉ ግፍ በቤተ ክርስቲያንና ልጆቿ ላይ ሲሰራ፣ ቅድስት ሃገር አክሱም ጽዮን ትግራይ ስትጨፈጨፍ ለአንዴም እንኳን ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ መውጣት የተሳነው ሙት የአዲስ አበባ ነዋሪ ሙቀቱ በዋቄዮ-አላህ ልጆች ተለክቶ ያው መስቀል አደባባይን ሊወርሱለት ዱብዱብ በማለት ላይ ናቸው። ለመሆኑ ከሁለት ሳምንታት በፊት አማራው ሲያሰማው የነበረው ጩኸት የት ደረሰ? ሁሉም ጭጭ፤ አይደል! እንዲያውም ግራኝ ይባስ ብሎ ኮሚሽነሩን በመገደል የአማራውን ወንድ ወኔ በድጋሚ ነጠቀው። አዎ! ከእነ ጄነራል አሳምነው ግድያ በኋላ ያየነው ነው። የዲያብሎስ ጭፍራው ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድና አማካሪዎቹ በስነ-ልቦና ጨዋታው ተክነዋል።

Saint Abune Garima Monastery, Adwa, Tigray

After surviving 1,500 years of human history in a remote monastery, the Garima Gospels are now facing their most severe threat.

When a Canadian scholar first glimpsed the ancient Garima Gospels, carried carefully into the sunlight by monks in a mountain monastery in northern Ethiopia, the pages were tattered and crumbling.

“The parchment was so brittle that flakes fell to the ground at every turn,” wrote Michael Gervers, a historian at the University of Toronto, recalling his earliest encounter with the manuscript more than 20 years ago.

Even then he did not fully realize what he was seeing. Some experts now believe it could be the world’s oldest intact version of illuminated Christian scripture. Radiocarbon analysis revealed that its pages date back as early as the fifth century, making it one of the oldest manuscripts of any kind in the world. Its brilliant colours and stunning illustrations make it even more valuable to world culture.

Today, after surviving 1,500 years of human history in a remote monastery, the Garima Gospels are facing their most severe threat.

War has ripped through the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia for the past six months. Shelling, gunfire and looting have ravaged churches and monasteries across the region.

Historic manuscripts, along with church icons and silver crosses, are among the treasures that have been plundered by Eritrean and Ethiopian soldiers, raising global alarm for Tigray’s cultural heritage.

Cut off from the world by military clashes and telecommunications shutdowns, the fate of the Abba Garima monastery and its spectacular Garima Gospels is still unknown. But the area around the monastery is controlled by soldiers who have looted systematically since the start of the war. The fears are growing.

“It is chilling to many of us to think that these Gospels and other ancient artifacts are in the way of danger,” said Suleyman Dost, a professor in the Near Eastern and Judaic Studies department at Brandeis University in Massachusetts.

“These Gospels are not only among the earliest complete texts of the Christian scripture, but they also provide us with a rare glimpse into the language, religion and history of ancient Ethiopia,” he told The Globe and Mail in an e-mail.

“They are truly part of the world heritage and constitute indispensable sources for scholars of early Christianity, late antique Ethiopia and even early Islam.”

The Garima Gospels, bound and illustrated copies of the Four Gospels of the New Testament written in the classical Ethiopian language Ge’ez, are one of the treasures of the ancient Axumite kingdom, whose heartland is now engulfed by the war zone in Tigray.

“The war threatens countless invaluable remains from this period, including inscriptions, religious buildings and manuscripts that have been diligently preserved in monasteries for centuries,” Prof. Dost said.

The Axumite kingdom, whose territories extended across the Red Sea into modern-day Yemen, was one of the great cultural and economic empires of its time, a crossroads of early civilizations and one of the first states to accept Christianity as state religion, in the early fourth century, before even the Roman Empire. Its capital, Axum, is reputed by tradition to be the home of the Ark of the Covenant – another holy relic whose fate is unknown today.

“It was the one territory which retained its Christianity without external domination and has done so ever since,” Prof. Gervers said.

“It is the oldest free Christian culture in the world. And that culture was centred in what is now Eritrea and Tigray. The world is only at this point coming to recognize the importance of this area.”

The Garima Gospels are older than more famous Western manuscripts such as the Book of Kells, and a closer link to the original Greek gospels. “They are just amazing in their artistic expertise, incomparable even to early Gospel books that we have,” Prof. Gervers told The Globe in an interview. “They are of utmost importance to Christian culture as a whole. Their loss or displacement would be disastrous to the cultural heritage of Judeo-Christianity.”

Prof. Gervers has been documenting Ethiopian art and culture for decades, photographing historic church manuscripts and creating a unique database of about 70,000 digitized images, including the Garima Gospels. With no sign of the Tigray war ending soon, his database is becoming increasingly crucial. “We’re thankful that we were able to document so much of this over the past 30 years,” he said.

Among the most invaluable illustrations in the Garima Gospels, he said, are an unparalleled image of the evangelist Mark, and a rare image of a building that has been identified as the Old Temple in Jerusalem.

The war in Tigray has inflicted more destruction on Ethiopia’s religious and cultural heritage than anything since the invasions of Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi, who burned churches and manuscripts across the country in the 16th century, Prof. Gervers said.

He and his colleagues are trying to monitor the antiquities markets, in case any looters try to sell the manuscripts. “It would be an offence to Christianity if the Garima Gospels ended up for sale somewhere.” Even worse, soldiers could simply burn the manuscripts “out of spite,” he said. But so far their fate is a mystery. “We haven’t heard a word about it.”

Wolbert Smidt, an ethnohistorian at Jena University in Germany who studies Ethiopian culture and history, said he has received reports of soldiers regularly searching churches and sometimes looting or burning church relics, including rare parchment manuscripts that were written by hand in late antiquity.

But there is still hope, he says. During conflicts of past centuries, the monks of Abba Garima carefully hid the Garima Gospels, possibly in mountain caves. Today there is a chance that the monks may have succeeded in hiding them again.

Source

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Cries of The Victims of Mass Rape Go Unheard in Ethiopia’s Tigray Mountain War | የትግራይ ሴቶች ሰቆቃ

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on May 10, 2021

🔥 በኢትዮጵያ የትግራይ ተራራ ጦርነት የብዙዎች አስገድዶ መድፈር ሰለባዎች ጩኸት ተሰምቶ አያውቅም 😠😠😠 😢😢😢

The Guardian

😈 አረመኔው የኦሮሞ መሪ ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ ለትግራይ ሴቶች ሰቆቃ ቍ. ፩ ተጠያቂ ነው

🔥 ዛሬ በሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ፡ በትግራይ በርካታ ሴቶች እና ልጃገረዶች በተንሰራፋው የወሲብ ጥቃት ሳቢያ እንደገና “ለማሰብ ለማይቻል” ሽብር እና ስቃይ ተዳርገዋል።

🔥 በዜጎች ላይ የሚደርሰው ጉዳት እየጨመረ መምጣቱን የአካባቢው ተንታኞች ይናገራሉ። የተከማቹ መረጃዎች እንደሚያመለክቱት የጦር ወንጀሎች እና በሰው ልጆች ላይ የሚፈጸሙ ወንጀሎች በሁሉም ወገኖች ተፈጽመዋል። ግን የአብይ አህመድ ጦር ፣ በድብቅ ወደ ትግራይ የጠራቸው የኤርትራ ወታደሮች እና የአማራ ሚሊሻዎች ዋና ጥፋተኞች እንደሆኑ ይታመናል።

🔥 ጠ / ሚኒስትር ዓብይ አህመድ ትግራይን ለማጥቃት ባደረገው የተሳሳተ እና አሰቃቂ ውሳኔ በተለይ ሴቶች የአስገድዶ መድፈር ሰለባ የሚሆኑበትን መንገድ ከፍቶላቸዋል።

🔥 ከሦስት ዓመታት በፊት የአፍሪካ ትልቅ የስኬት ታሪክ የነበረችው ኢትዮጵያ ፥ በአብይ አህመድ አገዛዝ ስር ግን ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ ወደ መፈረካከስ እና ወደ ውድቀት እያመራች ነው። ዓለም አቀፉ ማህበረሰብ ከመዘግየቱ በፊት አብይ አህመድን ተጠያቂ ማድረግ ይኖርበታል።

🔥 በትግራይ የተጎዱ ፣ የተረሱ/የተተዉ ሴቶች ራሳቸውን መከላከል አይችሉም። ሳይታዩ እና ሳይሰሙ በእንባ ባህር ውስጥ በመስጠም ላይ ይገኛሉ። 😠😠😠 😢😢😢

🔥 Today, in Tigray, in northern Ethiopia, large numbers of women and girls are again being subjected to “unimaginable” terror and suffering as a result of pervasive sexual violence

🔥 Civilian casualties continue to mount, regional analysts say. Accumulating evidence suggests war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed by all parties. But Abiy’s army, the Eritrean troops he secretly invited into Tigray, and Amhara militia are believed to be the main culprits.

🔥 Prime minister Abiy Ahmed opened the way for victimisation of women with disastrous decision to attack Tigray

🔥 Ethiopia – once Africa’s big success story – is at growing risk of fracture and failure under Abiy Ahmed. The international community should call him personally to account before it’s too late.

🔥 Tigray’s abused, abandoned women cannot do it themselves. Unseen and unheard, they are drowning in a sea of tears.

ትግራይ የመጨረሻዋ የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዷውያን መኖሪያ ስለሆነች፤ ጦርነቱን ከሁሉም አቅጣጫ ነው የከፈቱባት! የአስገድዶ መድፈር ጂሃድ እነ ግራኝ የመረጡት አንዱ መሳሪያ ነው፤ ኦሮሞ/ጋላ አባቶቹ ከአምስት መቶ ዓመታት በፊት ጀምሮ ሲከተሉት የነበሩት የወረራ እና የክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚ ዘር የመትከያ መንገዳቸው መካከል ልክ እንደ መሀመዳውያኑ፤ አስገድዶ መድፈር፣ ክርስቲያን የሆኑትን ሴቶች በፍቅር ማጥመድ፣ ከእነርሱ ብዙ ልጆች መፈልፈል የሚሉት ስልቶች ይገኙበታል።

እንግዲህ በዚህ ዲያብሎሳዊ ተግባራቸው የዋቄዮአላህአቴቴን እርኩስ መንፈስ በሕዝበ ክርስቲያኑ ላይ ለመሙላት ይሞክራሉ ማለት ነው። ይህን (እንደቅላችኋላን!) የሚለውን ተለዕኳቸውን በአውሮፓ እና አሜሪካ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች ከእኛ ጋር ይማሩ የነበሮ ኦሮሞዎች በቀጥታ ይነግሩን እንደነበር በደንብ አስታውሳለሁ።

ከአምስት መቶ ዓመታት በፊት ግራኝ ቀዳማዊ መላዋ ኢትዮጵያውያን እየወረረ ባዳከመበት ወቅት፤ ለእርዳታ መጥተው የነበሩት ፖርቱጋሎች በተለይ ሠፈረው የነበሩት ጎንደር አካባቢ ነበር። እነዚህ የፖርቱጋል ወታደሮች ከኢትዮጵያውያን ሴቶች ጋር የወሲብ ግኑኝነት በማድረግ በጊዜው ለኢትዮጵያ ያልተለመዱ እና ባይተዋር የነበሩትን ጨብጥን እና ቂጥኝን አስተላልፈውባቸው ነበር። እነዚህን የአባላዘር በሽታዎችን በግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት ፖርቱጋሎች በማስተላለፋቸው እጅግ በጣም የተዳከመው የጎንደር አካባቢ ሕዝብ ማምለጥ የቻለው ወደ ትግራይ አምልጧል(የእነ መለስ ዜናዊን አባቶች ጨምሮ ብዙ ታዋዊ ቤተሰቦች በትግራይ ሰፍረዋል)በጎንደር የቀረውና የተዳከመው ግን ለኦሮሞ/ጋላ ወረራ ሰለባ በመሆን ዛሬ የምናየውን ዲቃላ የኦሮማራ ማሕበረሰብ መፍጠር ችሏል።

በነገራችን ላይ፤ በአሜሪካዎቹ የሚገኙ ቀደምት አሜሪካውያን (ሎስ ኢንዲኼናስ ዴ አሜሪካ፣ የአሜረካ ቀይ ህንዶች፣Los indígenas de América , Native Red Indians)በአውሮፓውያኑ በተወረሩበት ወቅት አብዛኛው ያለቀው በጥይት ተኩስ ሳይሆን ያኔ በአሜሪካ ክፍለ ዓለም ባልነበረውና አውሮፓውያኑ ይዘውት በሄዱት የ ኢንፍሉዌንዛ /Influenza

ቫይረስ ነበር።

አዎ! ግፍ፤ ወይ እንደ ቀይ ህንዶች ያጠፋሀል ወይም እንደ እስራኤል ያጠነክርሀል!

ጥያቄው ሃበሻ የትኛውን ትመርጣለህ የሚለው ነው? የትግራይ ልጆችስ እንደ እስራኤላውያን እየታገሉና ጠላቶቻቸውን እያንበረከኩ ነው፤ አማራዎችስ? ምነው ልሂቃኑ ይህን ታሪክ አላስተማራቸው? መቼ ነው “በቃኝ!” ብሎ ጠላቱንና ወዳጁን በውል ለይቶ ከዋቄዮአላህ ዘንዶ እራሱን ነፃ የሚያወጣው?

ዛሬም ጽንፈኞቹ ኦሮሞዎች/ጋሎች፤ እሳቱን ያውርድባቸውና፤ ተመሳሳይ ሰይጣናዊ ተግባር በትግራይ ሴቶች ላይ በመፈጸም ላይ ይገኛሉ። የዋቄዮአላህ ልጆች በአውሮፓ እይፈጸሙት ያሉት የወሲብ ጂሃድ በትግራይ እህቶቻን ላይ ከሚታየው ጋር፤ በአፈጻጸሙ ተግባር፤ በቡድን አስገድዶ መድፈር፣ ሕፃናትን፣ አረጋውያንና ሴት መነኮሳትን መድፈራቸው፣ በደፈራዎቻቸው ወቅት ደፋሪዎቹ የሚናገሯቸው አጋንንታዊ (አላህ)ቃላት ወዘተ. በጣም ተመሳሳዮች ናቸው። ሁሉም ከሰይጣን ናቸውና አንድ ናቸው)

🔥 በትግራይ ላይ እየተፈጸመ ያለውን አስከፊ የዋቄዮአላህጂሃድ የሚመሩት የጋላማራ “ባለ ሥልጣናት” ፈንጂ ኮክቴል

👉 እያንዳንዱ የዋቄዮ-አላህ ልጅ ትግራዋይን እንዴት እንደከዱ ለማየት በትግራዋያን ላይ ግፍ በመፈጽም ላይ ያሉትን እነዚህን ግለሰቦች ብቻ እንደ ምሳሌ አድርጎ መውሰዱ በቂ ነው፦

አብዮት አህመድ አሊ(ሙስሊም መናፍቅ)

ዝናሽ አቴቴ አህመድ አሊ (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

ደመቀ መኮንን ሀሰን(ሙስሊም)

ሳሞራ አሞራ ዩኑስ (ሙስሊም)

ሙስጠፌ መሀመድ ዑመር (ሙስሊም)

ብርሃኑ ጂኒ ጁላ(ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ዲና ሙፍቲ (ሙስሊም)

መሀመድ ተሰማ (ሙስሊም)

ሀሰን ኢብራሂም(ሙስሊም)

ሬድዋን ሁሴን (ሙሊም)

ሞፈርያት ካሚል (ሙስሊም)

ኬሪያ ኢብራሂም (ሙስሊም ፥ ለስለላ ነበር ወደ መቀሌ ተልካ የነበረችው)

አህመድ ሺዴ (ሙስሊም)

ጃዋር መሀመድ(ሙስሊም)(“የታሰረው” ለስልት ነው)

ፊልሳን አብዱላሂ (ሙስሊም)

ለማ መገርሳ (ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ታከለ ኡማ (ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ሽመልስ አብዲሳ (ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

በቀለ ገርባ(ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ህዝቄል ገቢሳ(ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ዳውድ ኢብሳ(ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

አምቦ አርጌ (ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ፀጋዬ አራርሳ(ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

አደነች አቤቤ(ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

መአዛ አሸናፊ (ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ሳህለወርቅ ዘውዴ (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

ብርቱካን ሚደቅሳ (ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ታዬ ደንደአ(ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ሌንጮ ባቲ (ዋቀፌታመናፍቅ)

ዳንኤል ክብረት (ኦሮማራአርዮስ)

ዘመድኩን በቀለ (ኦሮማራአርዮስ)

ኢሬቻ ጂኒ በላይ (ዋቀፌታአርዮስ)

አለማየሁ ገብረ ማርያም (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

ብርሀኑ ነጋ (ኦሮጉራጌመናፍቅ)

ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

አንዳርጋቸው ፅጌ (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

አንዱዓለም አንዳርጌ (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

ታማኝ በየነ (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

አበበ ገላው (ኦሮማራመናፍቅ)

ወዘተ.

👉 እንግዲህ ፪x “ኢብራሂም”ን እስካነሳን ድረስ ታዋቂውና ታታሪው ግብጻዊ ኦርቶዶክስ ወንድማችን “ሬይሞንድ ኢብራሂም”(ግብጽ ክርስቲያኖች ስማቸውን ሳይቀር እንዲቀይሩ ስለተገደዱ ነው እንጂ ከእስልምና በፊት አብርሃም ነበር) ያካፈለንና በቪዲዮው የተነበበው ጽሁፍ እነሆ፦

👉“የሙስሊሞች አስገድዶ መድፈር እና ሆን ተብሎ ዓይነ ስውርነት”

Muslim Rape and Willful Blindness”

By Raymond Ibrahim

👉 እዚህ ይቀጥሉ / Continue reading…

The use of rape as a weapon of war is as old as warfare itself. In Bosnia in the 1990s, thousands of Muslim women were brutalised by Bosnian Serb forces, who set up “rape camps” as part of a policy of “ethnic cleansing”. In 2001, the UN’s Yugoslav war crimes tribunal redefined mass rape as a crime against humanity. Yet there have been many similar atrocities since then, including in South Sudan, Syria, Iraq, and Myanmar.

Now the world looks on – or rather, looks away – as it happens again. Today, in Tigray, in northern Ethiopia, large numbers of women and girls are again being subjected to “unimaginable” terror and suffering as a result of pervasive sexual violence. The word “unimaginable” is taken from a disturbing new report on Tigray by Parliament’s international development committee – a report largely ignored by the British government and media.

Reporting from Tigray last week, where fighting erupted in November after government-led forces invaded to topple the region’s breakaway leadership, the International Rescue Committee charity warned the crisis was especially affecting women. “Women are having to engage in sexually exploitative relationships, receiving small amounts of money, food and/or shelter to survive and feed their children,” an IRC spokesman said.

“Rape is being used as a weapon of war across the conflict. Multiple displaced people have given eyewitness accounts of mass rape. Women who are assaulted are in need of multiple levels of care, including emergency contraceptives, and drugs to prevent HIV in addition to psychological support. With 71% of hospital and medical facilities damaged and many looted, medical supplies are scarce,” the IRC said.

Ethiopia’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, opened the way for this mass victimisation of women with his disastrous decision to attack. Once feted as a peacemaker, he will be remembered as the man who chose brute force to settle a political argument, in one of the world’s most fragile states, in the middle of a global pandemic.

After failing to secure the quick victory he predicted, Abiy has minimised the scale of the emergency. The latest UN assessment tells a different story: 4.5 million people in need of food and assistance, hundreds of thousands displaced, 67,000 refugees sheltering in Sudan, and humanitarian convoys blocked. Opposition parties say more than 50,000 people have died. Amnesty International last week decried a “ferocious tide” of rights violations including “numerous credible reports of women and girls being subjected to sexual violence, including gang rape, by Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers”.

Save the Children also sounded the alarm. Thousands of children separated from their families were at daily risk of abuse while living in “unsafe and dire conditions” in informal camps, it said. “Many survivors are too scared to report sexual assault or seek treatment due to stigma and fear of reprisal”.

The worst crimes are often hidden from view, Doctors Without Borders said: “Many of Tigray’s six million people live in mountainous and rural areas where they are all but invisible to the outside world.” Malnutrition was on the rise, especially among children and pregnant women, it said.

The extent of the fighting is unclear, given the government’s internet blackout, reporting restrictions, and unreliable official information. Civilian casualties continue to mount, regional analysts say. Accumulating evidence suggests war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed by all parties. But Abiy’s army, the Eritrean troops he secretly invited into Tigray, and Amhara militia are believed to be the main culprits.

His initial bullishness dispelled, Abiy now describes the war he began as “tiresome”, says some reports of atrocities are exaggerated or faked, and has promised investigations. He claims Eritrean soldiers are withdrawing. There’s no doubt opposition forces are also much to blame for continuing carnage and misery. But hopes Abiy will heed appeals to stop fighting and open peace talks were dashed last weekend when Ethiopia’s council of ministers formally designated Tigray’s leadership, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, as a terrorist organisation. The International Crisis Group warns guerrilla warfare could drag on for years.

Anyone expecting decisive international intervention is likely to be disappointed. The African Union has proved ineffective, the UN security council even more so. G7 foreign ministers, meeting in London last week, went out of their way to avoid upsetting Abiy’s government, which they persist in regarding as a strategic ally rather than a problematic actor.

“We condemn the killing of civilians, rape and sexual exploitation, and other forms of gender-based violence,” the G7 communique said. It backed an investigation process, called for a ceasefire and improved humanitarian access, and urged “a clear, inclusive political process in Tigray”.

But direct pressure on Abiy, such as the threat of sanctions and aid cuts, and concerted, collective action to find and prosecute those legally responsible for atrocities and mass rapes were wholly lacking. It was a feeble start for US president Joe Biden’s putative “alliance of democracies” and Boris Johnson’s idea of Britain as a global “force for good”.

Maintaining Ethiopia’s “unity and territorial integrity” appears to be the west’s main concern. Yet under Abiy’s divisive leadership, lethal clashes between the Oromo and Amhara ethnic groups are escalating. Political violence affects several regions. A possible war with Egypt looms over Addis Ababa’s new Blue Nile dam. And on 5 June, ill-prepared, boycotted, and un-monitored national elections that Abiy vows to win could drive Ethiopians further apart.

Under Abiy, Ethiopia – once Africa’s big success story – is at growing risk of fracture and failure. The international community should call him personally to account before it’s too late.

Tigray’s abused, abandoned women cannot do it themselves. Unseen and unheard, they are drowning in a sea of tears.

Source

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ኢትዮጵያን አገራችንን አሁን ላለችበት ውድቀት የዳረጓት የዲያብሎስ ማደሪያዎቹ አህዛብና መናፍቃን ናቸው

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on April 22, 2021

ግሩም ትምህርት ነው፤ ቃለ ሕይወት ያሰማልን ለአስተማሩን ወንድማችን! 

ኢትዮጵያን አገራችንን አሁን ላለችበት እየዳረጓት ያሉት የዲያብሎስ ማደሪያዎቹ አህዛብና መናፍቃን ናቸው፤ ሁለቱም ዲያብሎስን ነው የሚያመልኩት”።

ትክክል! ኢትዮጵያ ወደ ጥፋት የተጓዘችው እንዲህ ዓይነት ውድቀት ውስጥ የገባችው አህዛብና መናፍቃን በዙፋኖቿ ላይ መደላደል ከጀመሩ በኋላ ነው። የጥፋት አሰራሩ እየተፋጠነ የመጣው በተለይ ከአደዋው ጦርነት በኋላ በአፄ ምንሊክ እና በዘመናችን ሔዋን በሴቲቱ እቴጌ ጣይቱ ብጡል አማካኝነት ነው።

አፄ ምኒልክ ለአህዛብአውሮፓውያኑ ማንነትና ምንነት እጅግ ጥልቅ ፍቅር ነው የነበራቸው። ምንሊክ ኢትዮጵያዊ ማንነትና ምንነት የሌላቸው “ዲቃላ/ባሪያ” እንደነበሩ ስራቸውና ባህሪያቸው ብሎም ድርጊታቸውም ይመስከክርላቸዋል። ምንሊክ የአህዛብአውሮፓውያኑን የመንግስት ህግና ሥርዓት “እግዚአብሔር” ብለው ያመልኩት ነበር። ልክ እንደ እስራኤል ልጆች “እርሱ እግዚአብሔር ነው” ብለው በእኛ ላይ ይንገስብን ያሉት ይህን የአህዛብን የስጋ ህግና ሥርዓት ነበር። ይህም ማለት አፄ ምንሊክ “እግዚአብሔር” የሚሉት “ዲያብሎስ ሰይጣንን” እንደነበር በደንብ ይመሰክርልናል። ከ አፄ ዮሐንስ ጋር በዚህ ጉዳይ ብዙ ጊዜ ይጋጩ ነበር። አፄ ዮሐንስ ምንሊክ በሸዋ ውስጥ የሚያኖሯቸውን አህዛብ የውጭ ሀገር ዜጎች እንዲያስወጡ አድርገዋል።

ጸሐፊ ጳውሎስ ኞኞ፤ “አጤ ምንሊክ” በሚለው መጽሐፋቸው ምንሊክ ባዕዳውያኑ አህዛብን እንዲያስወጧቸው አፄ ዮሐንስ እንደጠየቋቸው እንዲህ ሲሉ መልስ መስጠታቸውን ጠቅሰው ነበር፦ “ሚስተር ጆን ሜየር ሸዋ ካለው የቅዱስ ክሪስኮና ሚሲዮን ለመደባለቅ ወደ ሸዋ ሔደ። መሄዱን አጤ ዮሐንስ እንደ ሰሙ በሸዋ ያሉትን ኤሮፓውያን በሙሉ እንዲያስወጡ ምኒልክን ጠየቋቸው። ምኒልክም “አገሬን ከኤሮጳውያኖች ለይቼ ልዘጋት አልፈልግም። ምክኒያቱም እወዳቸዋለሁ” ብለው መለሱላቸው…” ዋልድሜየር። “እወዳችዋለሁ”፤ ለምን ይህን የጥፋት ማንነትና ምንነት ወደዱት? ምን ማለትስ ይሆን? መልሱ፤ የስጋ ልጅ ስለሆኑ የሚል ይሆናል። የተቀደሰችውን የኢትዮጵያን ምድር በር ወለል አድርገው ከፍተው ለአህዛብ እና መናፍቃን መጫወቻ ያደረጓት ምንሊክ ነበሩ። ህዝቡና ካህናቱ፣ ሊቃውንቱ፣ ባላባቱና መኳንንቱ ሁሉ “ኧረ ኡ ኡ ኡ!” እያሉ በአደባባይ ህጓን፣ ክብረ ንጽህናዋን በአውሮፓውያን ያስወሰዱ ክብረቢስ ወራዳ ንጉስ (ዲያብሎስ) ነበሩ። ያሳዝናል። “እኔ ብቻ አዋቂ፣ እኔ ብቻ ጠቢብ፣ እኔ ብቻ ኃይለኛ ብለው እስከ ዛሬ ድረስ የዘለቀ የሞትና ባርነት ማንነት በኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ አመጡባቸው፤ ሁሉን ዛሬ ለምናየው ሞት ዳሩት።

ለእግዚአብሔር ስምና ክብር በተለየ ሕዝብ ላይም ይሁን በተለየች/በተመረጠች ምድር የዲያብሎስ መንግስት የሚነግሰው በአህዛብ መንግስታዊ ሥርዓት በኩል መሆኑን በሳኦል ታሪክ በኩል ማየት እንችላለን። በምስክሩ መዝሙርም በኩል “እግዚአብሔር አምላክ ለእርሱ ስምና ክብር ለተጠራ ሕዝብ ሞትና ጥፋት ይሆንበታል” ያለው አህዛብ የተባሉትን ሕዝቦች የመንግስት ህግና ሥርዓት መሆኑን እናስተውለው።

የአህዛብን ዕውቀት፣ ጥበብና ኃይልም በተቀደሰችው ምድር ላይ እንደ “መንግስት” ያነገሱት ምኒልክ ነበሩ። ምንም እንኳ ውጥኑና ጅማሮው በፄ ቴዎድሮስ የተተለመ ቢሆንም ፍጻሜውን ያገኘውን ሁሉንን እንደሚገዛ መንግስት በዓለም ሁሉ ላይ የነገሰው በምኒልክ መንግስት ህግና ሥርዓት በኩል ነበር። እግዚአብሔር አምላክ “ሞትና ባርነት” ያለውን የዲያብሎስን መንግስት ህግና ሥራዓት በኢትዮጵያ መንግስታዊ ዙፋን ላይ ቀብተው ያነገሱት ምኒልክ ነበሩ።

አፄ ምኒልክ የዲያብሎስ ማደሪያዎች ለሆኑት መናፍቃን፣ አህዛብ የዋቄዮአላህአቴቴ ልጆች እጅግ ትልቅ፣ ትልቅ ባለውለታ ናቸው። ኦሮሞዎቹ የምኒልክ ጠላት እንደሆኑ ለእኛ የሚያሳዩን አንዱ የዲያብሎስ አቴቴ ስልታቸውን ሊጠቀሙብን ስለሚሹ ነው። ይህም ተዋሕዶ ክርስቲያኑን በተለይ ትግራዋይኑን እና አማራውን እንደ ሴት እና ሕፃን ልጅ “ተቃራኒውን” ነገር በመስራት “ተቃራኒ” የሆነ እንዲሰሩላቸው በመሻት ነው። አፄ ምኒልክን አስመልክቶ በአማራዎች ላይ እስካሁን በደንብ እየሰራላቸው ነው። ኦሮሞዎች አፄ ምኒልክን “ጡት ቆራጭ ነበሩ፤ ኃውልታቸው መወገድ አለበት፣ ለእቴጌ ጣይቱም ኃውልት አነስሰራም፣ እኛ ግን የአኖሌን የጡት ኃውልት እንተክላለን ወዘተ” ማለታቸውት በሴቲቱ “ሔዋን/አቴቴ በኩል የእቴጌ ጣይቱን ንግሥትነት ከፍ ከፍ ማድረጋቸው ነው። አፄ ምኒልክም ከወንድ ይልቅ ሴት እንድትነግሰ መሻታቸው ይህን ያረጋግጥልናል።

በእቴጌ ጣይቱ ብጡል ሲነዱ የነበሩት አፄ ምኒልክ እግዚአብሔር አምላክን በመካድ ከደጋማውና ተራራማው ከእንጦጦ የተቀደሰ ቦታ ወርደው በአዲስ አበባ ንጽጽረንት “ቆላማ/በርሃማ” ወደሆነው ወደ ፍልውሃ በመውረድ፤ መጀመሪያ እቴጌ ጣይቱ ፍልውሃ ምንጭ አጠገብ አካባቢውን “ፊንፊኔ” የሚል መጠሪያ ሰጥተው ለራሳቸው ቤት ሠሩ፤ ከዚያም የምኒልክን ቤተ መንግስት በአህዛብአውሮፓውያን አሳነጹ። ይህም አንድ ሌላ ማረጋገጫ ነው። ኦሮሞዎችም ይህን የአቴቴ መንፈሳቸውን ተከትለው አዲስ አበባን “ፌንፊኔ፣ ፌንፊኔ” በማለት ላይ” የሚገኙት ዲያብሎስን ለማንግስ ሲሉ ነው። ያው በግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ ባለቤት በአቴቴ ዝናሽ በኩል ስራቸውን በመስራት ላይ ናቸው። ናዝሬትንም “አዳማ” ደብረ ዘይትንም “ቢሸፍቱ” ያሉበት ምክኒያት ከናዝሬቱ ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ እነዚህን ሁለት ዝቅተኛ/ቆላማ ከተማዎች ለዲያብሎስ ዋቄዮአላህአቴቴ የደም ግብር የመስጫ ቦታዎች ሁሉ መዲናዎቻቸው ይሆኑ ዘንድ ነው። በደብረዘይት(ሆራ)የአየር መንገዳችንን አውሮፕላንን አስከስክሶ የመቶ ሃምሳ ሰባት ሰዎችን ነፍስ ለዲያብሎስ አባታቸው ሰውቷል። ባለፈው ዓመት በትንሣኤ (ቀዳሚት ሰንበት) ናዝሬት/አዳማ ዲቢቢሳ ቅዱስ ዮሃንስ ቤተክርስቲያን የሰንበት ትምህርት ቤት አባል የሆኑትንና ለዋቄዮአላህአቴቴ አንታዘዝም ያሉትን ስድስት ኦሮምኛ ተናጋሪ ልጃገረድ እህቶቻችንና እና አንድ ወንድማችንን እንዲሁ በጋዝ አፍነው በመግደል የደም ግብር ለዋቄዮአላህአቴቴ አቅርበውላቸዋል።

አማራውንም የምኒልክ “አምላኪ” እንዲሆን ያደርጉባት ዋናው ስልታቸው የምኒልክ ጠላት በመሆን በእልህ፤ በአቴቴ የእልህ መንፈስ ከአፄ ምኒልክ ጋር ተጣብቀው በመቅረት እንደ ሴትና እንደ ህፃን ተቃራኒውን እየሰሩ የዲያብሎስን ስራ ይሰሩላቸው ዘንድ ነው፤ ዲያብሎስን ያመልኩ ዘንድ ነው። “የተከለከለ ነገር ኹሉ ይጣፍጣል ፥ የሌላ ሰው ውኃ ማር ማር ይላል”፡ እንዲሉ። (በኦሪት ዘፍጥረት የዕፀ በልሱ ህግ የሴቲቱ ሔዋን የገዥነት ስምና ክብር የተዘጋጀበት የዲያብሎስ መንግስት ህግና ሥርዓት ነው። በዚህ የሞት ህግ የወንድ ልጅ የገዥነት ስምና ክብር አልተዘጋጀም። የምኒልክ አዋጆችና ተግባራት የወንድ ልጅን ሞትና ባርነት የሚያውጅ የሴቶች የበላይነት የመንግስት ግና ሥርዓት ነበር። ምክኒያቱም የአዳም “ሞት” የተባለው ይህ የዕፅዋት ህግ ነውና። “ይህን የዛፍ ፍሬ አትብላ” የሚለው ሕግ የተሰጠው ለሔዋን (ሴት) ሳይሆን ለአዳም (ወንድ) ነበርና። 

የዲያብሎስ አምላኪው አረመኔው ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ ባለፈው የአደዋ ክብረ በዓል ላይ የአፄ ምኒልክን ምስል ተክቶ የራሱን የሰቀለበት ትልቁ ምስጢር ከዚህ ጋር የተያያዘ ነው።

ቀዳማዊት እቤት” በሚሏት በባለቤቱ በሴቲቱ ሔዋን በአቴቴ ዝናሽ አህመድ አሊ የሚመሩት የአማራ ሚሊሺያዎች በትግራይ የሰሩትን ባይተዋር የሚመስል ወንጀልና “’አንድ የትግራይ ማህፀን በጭራሽ መውለድ የለበትም’ እያሉ በእኅቶቻችን ላይ የሚፈጽሙት ዲያብሎሳዊ ተግባር ከዚሁ ከዋቄዮ-አላህ-አቴቴ-ምኒልክ-ጣይቱ መንፈስ የተገኘ ስለሆነ ነው። በጭራሽ ኢትዮጵያዊ አይደለም! ለዚህ ነው ዛሬ፻/100% እርግጠኛ ሆኜ ትግራይን ክፉኛ እየጨፈጨፈችና በመላዋ ሃገሪቷ በመግደልና በማፈናቀል ላይ ያለችው ምስኪኗ ቅድስት “ኢትዮጵያ” ሳትሆን እርኩሷና ዲያብሎሳዊቷ “ኦሮሚያ” ነች የምለው።

በትግራዋያንም ላይ ተመሳሳይ “ተቃራኒውን አድርግ” የተሰኘ የአቴቴ ስልት ለመጠቀም በመሞካከር ላይ ናቸው። ለምሳሌ፤ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ጭፍጨፋውን አስመልክቶ ዝም እንድትል መደረጓ። ሌላው ደግሞ በቅርቡ በመቀሌ ከተማ የአረመኔው ግራኝ የዋቄዮ-አላህ-አቴቴ ሰአራዊት አባላት በከተማዋ እየተዘዋወሩ የሉሲፈር ኮከብ ያረፈበትን የህወሃት ባንዲራ እያነቀሉ ሲቦጫጭቁ የሚያሳይ ቪዲዮ ታይቶ ነበር። አዎ! እዚህም ላይ ትግራዋይን እልህ ውስጥ አስገብቶ ከዚህ የዲያብሎስ ሉሲፈር ባንዲራ እንዳይላቀቁና ለወደፊትም የሃገር ባንዲራ እንዲያደርጉትና በዚህም ዲያብሎስን ያመልኩ ዘንድ ነው ነው። እካሄዳቸው ሁሉ ልክ እንደ እባብ ነው፤ ለእባብ መርዝ መድኃኒቱ የራሱ የእባቡ መርዝ ነውና እኛም እንደ እባብ ልባሞች (ለጠላት) እንደ ርግብም የዋሆች (ለወዳጅ) ልንሆን ይገባናል።

ለዛሬ ይበቃኛል! ቸር አውለን!

የአባታችን የአቡነ አረጋዊ ረድኤት በረከት አይለየን በፀሎታቸው ይማሩን!

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Tigray Genocide | The Debre Abay Monastery Massacre | የደብረ ዓባይ ገዳም ዕልቂት

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 8, 2021

ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ! ይህን አሳዛኝና ደም የሚያፈላ በደብረ አባይ አቡነ ሳሙኤል ገዳም የተካሄደውን የንጹሐን ምዕመናንን ጭፍጨፋ እዚህ ገብታችሁ ተመልከቱ፤ ለታሪክ ይቀመጣል። ምስሉን አንሺዎቹ ወታደሮች የዋቄዮ-አላህ ሰአራዊት አባላት ናቸው፤ እንግዲህ ይህን ቪዲዮ አረመኔው አክዓብዮት አህመድና ጄነራል ቁራ ጁላ ሆን ብለው እንዲያሰራጩት ፈቅደውላቸው ቢሆን ነው፤ ያው እንደተለመደው ለኦሮሙማ አጀንዳቸው እንደሚጠቀሙበትም አያጠራጥርም፦

A Graphic Footage of The Debre Abay Massacre: What Do We Know About it?

On January 12, 2021, Tghat received information about a massacre in Debre Abay. We published a short article about it here. The massacre took place on 5 and 6 January, in western Tigray, in an area called Debre Abay, named after the famous Debre Abay monastry.

According to our informants, the Ethiopian and Eritrean military first started shelling a small town, called Mai Hrmaz, from far. Houses were destroyed and children killed. When they arrived at the small town, a fight with Tigray Defence Forces (TDF) started which lasted for two days. According to some sources, around 500 Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers were killed in the fight. A reinforcement was then asked and sent to the location, but the fight was already over and TDF forces were not in the area. Then the angry reinforcement force took its revenge on the town’s civilian population by massacring 100 of them, looting shops and houses.

A graphic footage

Yesterday, a graphic footage of a Debre Abay massacre has appeared. The person who sent the footage wrote “this is a video of the Ethiopian military shooting civilians in Deber Abay, Abune Samuel”. We believe it is a footage of the massacre that took place on 5 and 6 January. The footage is extremely graphic and viewer discretion is required.

About 24 violently killed bodies in groups can be seen in the footage. The killed bodies are all men, and almost all of them look young men. In the footage is one wounded young man who appear to have managed to stay alive by pretending dead.

A group of Amharic-speaking people are heard, together with the filming man. The person filming the footage, (from his Amharic accent) likely an Oromo member of the Ethiopian military, says at the start of the footage, upon seeing the not (yet) dead man, “hey, I think it is necessary to get rid of the not yet dead”. The people accompanying him respond with some inaudible utterances. One masculine voice says, among other things, “there is no one that is not dead”.

Upon approaching the wounded and almost dying man, the filming person asks in Amharic “why did you get in, in the first place?” It is not clear what he is referring to when he says ‘get in”. The wounded man utters some weak inaudible things in Tigrinya, among which, he says “I have a house here” in a weak voice. The filming man says “is this who made you get in?” in what seems there is another person to whom he is pointing at. But the wounded man says “yes, that is mine” referring to the house he mentioned. Again, the filming man asks “is this [who made you get in]?”. The wounded man repeats “yes, it is mine” referring to the house he mentioned. Clearly, they don’t understand each other. The filming man asks in Amharic, the wounded man replies in Tigrinya, his responses indicating he does not understand the questions and maybe the language too.

The filming man says “you don’t speak Amharic?” The wounded man replies, in Tigrinya, “one of my houses is this one, the one with the corrugated iron”. A feminine voice from the people accompanying the filming man says “he can speak [Amharic]”. The filming man says “speak up [in Amharic]” followed by an offensive Amharic swear word, literally ” I fuck your mother”. The wounded man utters “ehe”, indicating he does not hear or understand him. The filming man repeats again “speak up [in Amharic]. Son of beach”.

The filming man moves further to film three groups of killed people. One group with two men, the second with four and the third with six men. Three people in some military uniforms are also seen around the end of the footage.

ምንጭ/Source

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ኤልዛቤል ሣህለ ወርቅ ዘውዴና የአህዛብ ግራኝ አገዛዝ አባላት ሁሉ የተረገሙ ይሁኑ!!!

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 8, 2021

❖❖❖ አሜን! አሜን! አሜን! ❖❖❖

የትግራይ ሕዝብ ሆይ እየተሰራው ያለው ግፍና ወንጀል ብዙዎቻችን ከምናስበው በላይ ነውና እነዚህን የዲያብሎስ አርበኞች በጸሎትም በሰይፍም መዋጋት ግዴታችሁ ነው። ጦርና ጋሻችሁን አውጡ! ዳዊታችሁን ድገሙ! ይቅርታ ለማይገባው ይቅርታ አይሰጥም፤ በጣም ብዙ ግፍና ሰቆቃ ላለፉት መቶ ሃምሳ ዓመታት ያህል ተሰርቶባችኋል፣ የልጆቻችሁን ስደት፣ ረሃብ፣ በሽታና ሞት በዝምታ፣ በይቅርታና በተስፋ አሳልፋችሁ ዛሬ ያው በህልውናችሁ ላይ መጡባችሁ። ታንኩንም፣ ባንኩንም፣ ሜዲያውንም አስረክባችኋቸው፣ ግማሽ ኢትዮጵያን ቆርሳችሁ ሰጥታችኋችሀው ዛሬ እነርሱ ትንኩንም ሜዲያውንም ተዋጊውንም ይዘው መጡባችሁ። እነሱ ትራክተርና ሮኬት እየገዙ፣ ተስፋትፍተው እናንተ የዘራችኋላቸውን ጢፍ እና ስንዴ እየበሉ ለእናንተ ግን ጥይቱን፣ ቦንቡን፣ ኬሚካሉን ያጎርሷችኋል። ከኤርትራ እስከ ኦሮሚያ እና ሶማሊያ፣ ከአህዛብ እስከ መናፍቅ ሁሉም ውለታ የዋላችሁላቸው ወገኖች ክደዋችኋል። አሁን ወራሪዎቹ ታሪክ አልባዎች የስጋ ማንነትና ምንነት ያላቸው ጣዖት አምላኬዎች የእናንተን እምነትና ታሪክ አጥፍተው፣ የወደፊትን ትውልድ ቀጥፈው፣ አዲስ ታሪክ፣ አዲስ እምነትና ማንነት እግዚአብሔር በሰጣችሁ ሃገር ላይ ለመመስረት ቆርጠው ተነስተዋል። የሚታየውንና የማይታየውን ጠላቶቻችሁን በመለየትና የዚህ ሁሉ ክህደት ምንጭ በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ የዘመተው ዲያብሎስ ዋቄዮ-አላህ መሆኑን አውቃችሁ ዛሬም እንደገና ሳትታለሉ ለአንዴና ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ልትዋጓቸው ግድ ነው፤ ምስኪኗ ኢትዮጵያ እጅግ በጣም ብዙ መሰዋዕት እየከፈላችሁባት ያለች ሃገር ናትና ለማንም አሳልፋችሁ መስጠት የለባችሁም። ሃሳባችሁ ሰፊ፣ ትልቅና ጥልቅ ይሁን! እያንዳንዱ የትግራይ ኢትዮጵያዊ አርበኛ ነው፤ እያንዳንዱ የጽዮን ልጅ ከካርቱም እስከ አስመራ፣ አዲስ አበባ፣ ሐረርና ሞቃዲሾ ድረስ በመንፈስም በአካልም ተዘዋውሮ መዋጋት አለበት። አንድ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ ከተደፋ የሞት፣ ባርነትና ጨለማ መንፈስ ከእናንተ ርቆ ይሄዳል። አንድ ትንሽ እርምጃ ብቻ ነው የሚጠበቀው፤ አንድ ዳግማዊ አፄ ዮሐንስ ነው የሚፈለገው። እነዚህን በአቴቴ ባትሪ የተሞሉትን አማሌቃውያን የዋቄዮ-አላህ ልጆች በምትችሉት መንገድ ሁሉ ለመወጋት ፈቃደኞችና ዝግጁዎች እስካልሆናችሁ ድረስ ተገቢውን ድጋፍ ከእግዚአብሔር አምላክ እና ጽዮን ማርያም አታገኙም። “በቃ!” በሉ።

👉ኤልዛቤል – መንፈሳዊ ጋለሞታዎች

ሳህለ ወርቅ ዘውዴSahle-Work Zewde

መዓዛ አሸናፊ – Meaza Ashenafi

ስንቅነሽ እጅጉ – Sinknesh Ejigu

ሙፈሪያት ካሚል Muferiat Kamil

አስቴር ማሞ – Aster Mamo

አይሻ መሀመድ – Aisha Mohammed Mussa

ብርቱካን ሚደክሳ – Birtukan Mideksa

ሊያ ታደሰ – Lia Tadesse

ዳግማዊት ሞገስ – Dagmawit Moges

ፊልሳን አብዱላሂ – Filsan Abdullahi

ሂሩት ካሳው – Hirut Kassaw

አዳነች አቤቤ – Adanech Abebe

ሂሩት ወልደ ማርያም – Hirut Welde Mariam

ዝናሽ ታያቸው – Zinash Tayachew

አክዓብይ ሲዖል ታየው – Abiy Ahmed

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‘Urgent’: Massacre of 700 Ethiopian Christians Points to Bigger Crisis as Refugees Flee Escalating Violence

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 26, 2021

During this Pandemic where no race nor religion are spared yet there are humans who aren’t human to do such an act. GOD is watching and none will escape from HIM

Thank you, CBN for reporting about the unheard cries and unseen tears of Ethiopian Christians. Tragedy is unfolding in northern Ethiopia, yet the world community is doing nothing about it. Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International even Open Doors all remain silent because the victims over there are ancient Orthodox Christians – and the perpetrator prime minster claims to be Protestant.

Two important corrections to the EBN news story:

👉 1st: This particular tragedy with over 758 deaths occurred on December 15, not last week. Of course, we don’t know what’s happening since then. Certainly it’s another tragedy that the ancient Christians of Aksum were not able to celebrate at all last week’s Epiphany/Timket – the first time in the 2.000 -years history of Christian Ethiopia.

👉 The 2nd correction: “The Ethiopians claim the Ark was brought to Aksum about 800 years ago”. No we Ethiopians believe that The Ark arrived nearly 3,000 years ago.

Up to two million Ethiopians are facing starvation amid intense fighting between the government and rebel groups in the northern part of that country. Fighting increased in the Tigray region, spurring reports of a bloody massacre at a church in the Ethiopian city of Aksum that killed over 700 people.

For more than 2,000 years, Ethiopians have believed their country holds one of the most sacred relics in all of Judeo-Christian history – the Ark of the Covenant. In the city of Aksum, a special church known as the Church of St. Mary of Zion is where the ark is said to have rested for hundreds of years. Adventurer and Historian Bob Cornuke has explored the region extensively.

“The Ethiopians claim the Ark was brought to Aksum about 800 years ago and placed in this specially-constructed church for safekeeping,” Cornuke told CBN News. “Only one man, known as the guardian, is allowed inside that church to watch over the Ark. So this is a very special and sacred place for Ethiopian Christians.”

Heavy fighting between a regional militia and the Ethiopian Army has been raging in this area since November, and the city of Aksum has been at the center of the conflict. Tragedy struck last week as Ethiopian Christians gathered in Aksum to celebrate one of the most important holidays in Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, the annual festival of Timkat.

Cornuke explained, “Timkat is the festival of the Epiphany, and they celebrate it every January with dancing and all-night prayer vigils. But this year things went terribly wrong.”

Up to a thousand worshippers surrounded the ancient church which is said to house the Ark of the Covenant when Ethiopian troops approached and, according to eyewitnesses, opened fire. More than 700 Ethiopian Christians were said to have been killed, though confirmation of the attack has been difficult because the area is closed to journalists.

UN spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said the broader crisis is huge. “We estimate that 2.3 million people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance in Tigray including 1.3 million children,” Dujarric said. “Localized fighting and insecurity continues.”

“Access to most parts of northwestern and eastern and central Tigray remains constrained due to the ongoing insecurity and bureaucratic hurdles,” Dujarric said.

The fighting has led to a massive wave of refugees fleeing across the nearby border into Sudan. Aid agencies there warn mass starvation is a real factor if the world doesn’t act soon. Incoming refugees report almost daily massacres by both sides as well as mass rapes and other human rights abuses. Humanitarian aid organizations on the ground are calling the situation “urgent.”

Joe Biden’s pick for Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, called for US engagement in his recent confirmation hearing.

“Ethiopia: I share your deep concerns. We’ve seen a number of deeply, deeply concerning actions taken including atrocities,” Blinken said. “We need to see restoration of communication, we need access for humanitarian assistance in the region, and I worry as well that what started there has the potential to be destabilizing throughout the horn of Africa.”

The Ethiopian government denies the atrocities and both sides are claiming victory in the conflict, but the UN says there is plenty of blame to go around.

Elizabeth Throssell, the spokesperson for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), said, “We have received consistent information pointing to violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law by all parties to the conflict – including artillery strikes on populated areas, the deliberate targeting of civilians, extrajudicial killings and widespread looting.”

No matter which side actually wins the conflict, the losers will be the people of this region, as more than 1,000 refugees per day flee into makeshift camps across the Sudanese border, just hoping to survive.

Source

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ሴት ባለሥልጣናት በሞሉባት አገር፤ ተደፈሩ እህቶች በወታደሩ ነፍሰጡሯ ሳትቀር

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 25, 2021

በትግራይ ሕዝብ ላይ የሚደረገውን ጭፍጨፋ አስመልክቶ የቤተ ክህነት ዝምታ፣ የአባቶችና የመምህራኑ ግድ- የለሽነት ከምን የመጣ እንደሆነ ለማውቅ ትልቅ እንቆቅልሽ ሆኖብኛል። አክዓብዮትን “ሙሴያችን” ብለው ካባ በማልበሳቸው ሃፍረት ተሰምቷቸው ይሆን? ወይንስ በእግዚአብሔር ፋንታ አክዓብዮትን ፈርተውታል? ያም ሆነ ይህ ዝምታቸው ተገቢ አይደልም፣ መጽሐፍ ቅዱሳዊ አይደልም፣ እግዚአብሔርንም የሚያስቆጣ ነው። አሁን ሁሉም ነገር ዘግይቷል፤ ለእነርሱ ግን በአደባባይ “ሙሴችን” ስላሉ በአደባባይ ወጥተው ግራ የተጋባውንና በአባቶች በጥልቁ ያዘነውን ምዕመን ባፋጣኝ ይቅርታ በመጠየቅ ንስሐ ቢገቡ ይሻላቸዋል።

ቤተ ክርስቲያን አንዲት ናት፤ ሰዎች እንጂ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ልትሳሳት ወይም ልታጠፋ አትችልም፤ ስለዚህ ካሁን በኋላ ምዕመኑ ሰዎችን መከተል አቁሞ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ምዕመኑ እርሱ እራሱ መሆኑን ይገንዘብ። በጎዎችና አር አያ ሊሆኑ የሚችሉ ካሉ ጥሩ፤ ግን ዛሬ ከቤተ ክህነትም ሆነ ከአባቶችና መምህራን ምንም ነገር መጠበቅ የማይኖርብን ጊዜ ላይ ደርሰናል፤ በጉ ተሰግስገው ከገቡት ፍዬሎች መነጠል ይኖርበታል።

በሌላ በኩል ይህን ጊዚያዊ ቀውስ በደንብ የተረዱት ፕሮቴስታንት ነጣቂዎች፣ ምንም እንኳን በጎ የሆኑና በጎ የሚሰሩ ቢኖሩም፣ መስማት የምትፈልጉትን ሁሉ ልክ እንደ እባቡ አክዓብዮት በለሰለሰ መልክ በማቅረብ ድንግል ነፍሳችሁን ለመንጠቅ ተግተው በመስራት ላይ ናቸው። ይህ በጣም ትልቅ ሃጢአት ነው! እስኪ ተመልከቷቸው በትግራይ ሕዝብ ላይ ጦርነቱ ተገቢ እንደሆነ በመግለጽ የግራኝን አህዛብ (ሰ)አራዊት ወደ አክሱም የላኩትና በሕዝቡም ሰቆቃ የተደሰቱት አህዛብና ፕሮቴስታንቶች ሆነው ሳሉ አሁን ተቆርቋሪዎች ሆነው በመምጣት መፍትሔውን በአበባ ሊያቀርቡላችሁ የሚሞክሩትም እነርሱው ብቻ ሆነው ተገኙ። አይገርምምን? ለመሆኑ ይህን ከየት ተማሩት? አዎ! ከፕሮቴስታንቱ ጀርመናዊ ፈላስፋ ከጆርጅ ሄገል፤ “ችግር – ምላሽ – መፍትሔ / “Problem – Reaction – Solution” ብሎታል። በመላው ዓለም፤ ከኮሮና እስከ ረሃብ፣ ከፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ትግል እስከ ሃገራት ጦርነት ሁሉም ነገር እነዚህን ሦስት መርህ-አዘል ቃላት ተከትለው ነው ሉሲፈራውያኑ የዓለማችን ፈላጭ ቆራጮች የሚንቀሳቀሱት። ተከታዩ የሉሲፈራውያኑ ተጽዕኖ ፈጣሪ አሜሪካዊው ነፃ ግንበኛ አልበርት ፓይክ በእምነቶች መካከል ግጭት በመፍጠር በተለይ ክርስትናን በማዳከም ተከታዮቹን ማዳከምና ተስፋ ማስቆረጥ ተገቢ እንደሆነ

እህቶቻችንን አስደፋሪው፣ እናቶችንና ሕፃናትን ጨፍጫፊው፣ አክሱም ጽዮንን ደፋሪው አረመኔው የሉሲፈራውያኑ ወኪልና የእነ አልበርት ፓይክ ተከታይ አክዓብዮት አህመድ አሊ የተሰጠውን ተልዕኮ ማለትም አንድ ሚሊየን ሰሜን ኢትዮጵያውያንን ከጨፈጨፈ እና ስድስት ሚሊየን በረሃብ ለመቅጠፍ የሚያስችሉትን ሁኔታዎች ሁሉ ካሟላ በኋል መሰወሩ የተቀበረለትን ቺፕስ ለማሳደስ ወይም አፕዴት ለማድረግ ነው የሚሆነው፤ ይህ አውሬ ፕሮግራም ተደርጎ በሳተላይት ምልከታ እና በአሜሪካ/ብሪታኒያ ኤምባሲዎች መሪነት በሪሞት የሚንቀሳቀስ ሮቦት ነው።

አዎ አልቅሱ እናልቅስ፤ ይህ ቆሻሻ እስከ አንድ ሚሊየን ትግሬዎችን እና አማራዎችን በሁለት ወር ብቻ ጨፍጭፏል። በተለይ በጦርነቱ መጀመሪያ ላይ የቻይናን(በኢትዮጵያ ሳተላይት በኩል) እና ኤሚራቶች (በኢንተልሳት የአሜሪካ ሳተላይቶች በኩል)ተዋጊዎችን ብቻ ሳይሆን ብዙ ንጹሐንን ፈጅተዋል። የዋቄዮ-አላህ ልጆች አህዛብ እና ጋሎቹ ቤታቸው ተኝተው ይህን የሪያሊቲ ሾው በቴሌቪዥን እያዩ በደስታ ሃይ ፋይቭ! ይሰጣጣሉ። አማራ ጥሬው፤ “ዘራፍ! ያዘው! በለው!” እያልክ ልጆችህን በወንድሞቹ ላይ እንዲዘምት አክዓብዮት አህመድ አሊ ከሚመራው የዋቄዮ-አላህ አህዛብ ሠራዊት ጎን በድንቁርና አሰልፈህ ከሁለት መቶ ሽህ በላይ የሚሆኑትን ያጣኸው በቻይና እና ኤሜራቶች ድሮኖች ጭፍጨፋ ነው። አዎ! ሲመሽና ሲጨልም ከበስተኋላ ሆነው በድሮን እንደዝንብ ረፈረፏቸው! በሱዳንም በኩል የጠነሰሰልህ ተመሳሳይ ዕልቂት ነው። አማራ እስኪበስል ትግሬ አረረ! ጠላትህ የእርሱ የሆኑትን ለይቶ ይዟል፣ ያንተን ማንነትና ምንነት ጠንቅቆ ያውቃል ፥ አንተ ግን ጠላትህን፣ ወዳጅህን እራስህንም እንዳታውቅ እንደ ፈርዖን ልብህ በትዕቢት ደንድኗል። እንግዲህ ዛሬም ይህን ማገናዘብና መገንዘብ የተሳነው ባይኖር ይሻለዋል! 🔥

አይይይይ ወገኖቼ!!! ዲያብሎስ ጠላት በማስራብ፣ በማሳመምና ደም በማፈሰስ አዳክሞ፣ ሞራል ሰብሮና ተስፋ አስቆርጦ መንፈሳዊውን ማንነታችንን ብሎም ነፍሳችንን ለመንጠቅ ነው ዋናው ዓላማው፤ ዛሬ ጥቂት ጊዜ ነውና የቀረው ባካችሁ ከፍተኛ ጥንቃቄ እናድርግ፤ ከሰው ልጅ ብዙ አንጠብቅ፣ የሰውን ልጅ አንከተል፣ አንመን፣ እግዚአብሔርና ቅዱሳኑ የበለጠ አጽናኝ፣ ረዳትና አዳኝ ማንም ምንም የለም! አዎ ጦርነቱ መንፈሳዊ ነው፤ ጦርነቱ ከጣዖት አምላኪዎቹ ከአክዓባውያን እና ኤሊዛቤላውያን የዋቄዮአላህ ልጆች ጋር ነው!

ሴት ባለሥልጣናት በሞሉባት አገር፤ እህቶች በወታደር ተደፈሩ ነፍሰጡሯ ሳትቀር

👉ኤልዛቤል – መንፈሳዊ ጋለሞታዎች

ሳህለ ወርቅ ዘውዴSahle-Work Zewde

መዓዛ አሸናፊ – Meaza Ashenafi

ስንቅነሽ እጅጉ – Sinknesh Ejigu

ሙፈሪያት ካሚል Muferiat Kamil

አስቴር ማሞ – Aster Mamo

አይሻ መሀመድ – Aisha Mohammed Mussa

ብርቱካን ሚደክሳ – Birtukan Mideksa

ሊያ ታደሰ – Lia Tadesse

ዳግማዊት ሞገስ – Dagmawit Moges

ፊልሳን አብዱላሂ – Filsan Abdullahi

ሂሩት ካሳው – Hirut Kassaw

አዳነች አቤቤ – Adanech Abebe

ሂሩት ወልደ ማርያም – Hirut Welde Mariam

ዝናሽ ታያቸው – Zinash Tayachew

አክዓብይ ሲዖል ታየው – Abiy Ahmed

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Ethiopia’s Leader Must Answer for The High Cost of Hidden War in Tigray

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on January 24, 2021

🔥 የጦር ወንጀለኛው አብይ አህመድ ባፋጣኝ መታሠር አለበት!

ከጋርዲያን ጽሑፍ የተወሰደ፦ የኢትዮጵያ መሪ ለትግራይ ከፍተኛ ስውር ጦርነት መልስ መስጠት አለበት

አብይ አህመድ ክስተቶችን መቆጣጠር ያቃተው ይመስላል ፡፡ አስገድዶ መድፈርን ጨምሮ በመካሄድ ላይ ባሉ የፀጥታ ጉዳዮች ላይ የአሻንጉሊት አስተዳደር በተጫነበት መቀሌ ቁጣ አለ፡፡ የገጠር ረሃብ ስጋት ትልቅ ነው፡፡ እ... 1980 ዎቹ አጋማሽ በኢትዮጵያ የተከሰተው ረሃብ ዓለምን አስደነግጦ ነበር፡፡ ያኔ ወደ 1 ሚሊዮን ሰዎች በትግራይ ረሃብ ሞተው ነበር፡፡ እነዚያ አሰቃቂ ክስተቶች ከአስርተ ዓመታት ጠንካራ ሥራ በኋላ እንዲረሱ ተደርገው ነበር፡፡

ለአብይ ታላቅ እፍረት ፣ የረሀብ ትዕይንት አሁን እንደገና ኢትዮጵያን ያናድዳል ያለፈው መልካም ስራ ሁሉ ክፉኛ ተቀልብሷል፡፡ የኖቤል የሰላም ሽልማቱን መልሶ መስጠት እና በትግራይ ለሠራው ግፍ መልስ መስጠት አለበት፡፡

Abiy seems to have lost control of events. There is anger in Mekelle, where a puppet administration has been installed, about ongoing security issues, including rapes. The threat of rural famine looms large. In the mid-1980s, mass starvation in Ethiopia shocked the world. About 1 million people died. Those horrors were subsequently vanquished by decades of hard work.

To Abiy’s great shame, the spectre of famine now haunts Ethiopia again. The good work of the past is being undone. He should hand back his Nobel peace prize and answer for his actions in Tigray.

Seyoum Mesfin, Ethiopia’s long-serving former foreign minister, was one of the foremost African diplomats of his generation. He was gunned down this month in Tigray by the armed forces of a lesser man – Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia’s prime minister and Nobel peace prize winner. Some suggest it was the Eritrean military, Abiy’s allies, who killed Seyoum, although their presence in Tigray is officially denied. The circumstances of his death remain murky.

As with much of the unreported, unchallenged murder and mayhem currently occurring in northern Ethiopia, murky is what Abiy prefers. When he ordered the army’s assault on the breakaway Tigray region in November, he blocked the internet, shut out aid agencies and banned journalists. It’s a conflict he claims to have won – but the emerging reality is very different. It’s a war fought in the shadows, with the outside world kept in the dark.

After humanitarian workers finally gained limited access this month, it was estimated that 4.5 million of Tigray’s 6 million people need emergency food aid. Hundreds of thousands are said to face starvation. The UN warns that Eritrean refugees in the Mai Aini and Adi Harush camps are in “desperate need of supplies” and harassed by armed gangs. Some are said to have been forcibly, illegally repatriated.

Access continues to be denied to two other camps, Shimelba and Hitsats, which have been set ablaze. Many of the camps’ residents are believed to have fled marauding Eritrean and Amhara militiamen. Satellite images published by UK-based DX Open Network reportedly show damage to 400 structures at Shimelba. Filippo Grandi, head of the UN refugee agency, points to “concrete indications of major violations of international law”.

There are persistent, unconfirmed reports of massacres, torture, rapes, abductions, and the looting or destruction of centuries-old manuscripts and artefacts across Tigray. Last week, EEPA, a Belgium-based NGO, described a massacre of 750 people at a cathedral in Aksum that reputedly houses the Ark of the Covenant. Ethiopian troops and Amhara militia are accused of the killings at the Church of St Mary of Zion, part of a UN World Heritage site. The report has not been independently verified.

Despite Abiy’s claims that the war is over and no civilians have been harmed, sporadic fighting continues, an analyst familiar with government thinking said. Thousands of people have died, about 50,000 have fled to Sudan, and many are homeless, sheltering in caves. Intentional artillery attacks have destroyed hospitals and health centres in an echo of the Syrian war, the analyst said.

Meeting this month in Mekelle, Tigray’s capital, aid workers complained Ethiopia’s government was still hindering relief efforts and demanded full access. “People are dying of starvation. In Adwa, people are dying while they are sleeping. [It’s] the same in other zones,” a regional administrator, Berhane Gebretsadik, was quoted as saying. But there has been scant response from Addis Ababa.

Official Ethiopian and Eritrean denials that Eritrean forces are operating in Tigray are contradicted by eyewitness accounts. Amid the murk, it seems clear Eritrea’s dictator-president, Isaias Afwerki, has made common cause with Abiy. The two met in Addis Ababa in October, shortly before the war was launched, to discuss the “consolidation of regional cooperation”.

Afwerki is an old enemy who runs a brutally repressive regime. But he shares Abiiy’s hatred of the Tigrayan leadership that dominated the government of former prime minister Meles Zenawi during Ethiopia’s 20-year border war with Eritrea. Abiy, an Oromo from Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, made peace with Eritrea in 2018, ousted his Tigrayan rivals, and has been feuding with them ever since.

Further evidence of secret alliances comes from Somalia. The Somali Guardian reported this month that 2,500 Somali recruits were treated as “cannon fodder” after being sent to a military base in Eritrea for training, then deployed in Tigray with Eritrean forces. Dozens are reported to have been killed.

International scrutiny of Abiy’s Tigray war has been largely lacking. An exception is the EU, which has indefinitely suspended €88m in aid to Addis Ababa. “We receive consistent reports of ethnic-targeted violence, killings, looting, rapes, forceful return of refugees and possible war crimes,” Josep Borrell, the EU foreign affairs chief, said.

The United Nations and European Union warnings, coupled with the shocking murder of the internationally respected Seyoum Mesfin, may now bring closer scrutiny. I met Seyoum, a co-founder in 1975 of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, in Addis in 2008. He was a master diplomat. According to Alex de Waal, the Africa specialist, Seyoum was a skilled peacemaker in Rwanda and Sudan who “presided over the rehabilitation of Ethiopia’s international standing” after 1991.

Abiy now risks destroying that standing. “The circumstances of Seyoum’s killing aren’t clear. The Ethiopian government is not a reliable source of information. Eritrea – which may well have carried out the assassinations – is remaining silent. The official report that Seyoum and his colleagues ‘refused to surrender’ is opaque,” De Waal wrote.

He noted that the two other elderly Tigrayans killed alongside Seyoum, aged 71, were Abay Tsehaye, who had just had heart surgery, and Asmelash Woldeselassie, who was blind. This trio hardly posed a physical threat to heavily armed troops.

Abiy seems to have lost control of events. There is anger in Mekelle, where a puppet administration has been installed, about ongoing security issues, including rapes. The threat of rural famine looms large. In the mid-1980s, mass starvation in Ethiopia shocked the world. About 1 million people died. Those horrors were subsequently vanquished by decades of hard work.

To Abiy’s great shame, the spectre of famine now haunts Ethiopia again. The good work of the past is being undone. He should hand back his Nobel peace prize and answer for his actions in Tigray.

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