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Posts Tagged ‘ስታሊን’

Russia’s New Cathedral of Russian Armed Forces Removed Josef Stalin’s Mosaic

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 12, 2022

አዲሱ የሩሲያ ጦር ኃይሎች ካቴድራል የጆሴፍ ስታሊን ሞዛይክን አስወገደ። በሌላ በኩል ግን የስታሊን ርዝራዦች ታሪክን ከልሰው በመጻፍ ጨፍጫፊውን ስታሊንን በድጋሚ በማምለክ ላይ እና የቀድሞዋ ሶቪየት ኅብረት ሐውልቶችን ከማፍረስ ርቀው ለስታሊን አዲስ ሐውልቶችን በተለያዩ ከተሞች በማቆም ላይ ናቸው።

በቀጣዩ ግሩም ጽሁፍ አትኩሮቴን የሳቡት፤ ‘ታሪክ ከላሾች’ ለአምልኮ ስታሊን የሚሰጧቸውን ሰበባ ሰበቦች የያዙት ቃላት ናቸው፤ ጽሁፉ እንዲህ ይላል፦

Stalin is portrayed as a strong and just leader who often intervened on behalf of the “common people” and even saved them from injustice. In one such post (link in Russian) the author describes how Stalin stepped in to help the starving peasants.

“ስታሊን ብዙ ጊዜ “ተራውን ሕዝብ” ወክሎ ጣልቃ የገባ እና ከግፍ ያዳነው እንደ ጠንካራ እና ፍትሃዊ መሪ ሆኖ ነው የሚቀርበው። በእንደዚህ ዓይነት ልጥፍ (በሩሲያኛ አገናኝ) ታሪክ ከላሹ ደራሲ ስታሊን የተራቡትን ገበሬዎች ለመርዳት እንዴት እንደገባ ይገልፃል።”

ቴዲ ‘ርዕዮት’ ከሕወሓት አባሉ ከ አቶ ቢንያም ተወልድ ጋር ባደረገው ቃለ ምልልስ ላይ አቶ ተወልደ፤ “ሕወሓት ለተራበው ገበሬ ምግብ ስለሚያደርስ በተራው ሕዝብ ዘንድ ተወዳጅ ነው።” የሚለው ዓረፍተ ነገር ከዚህ ከስታሊናውያን ታሪክ ከላሾች ቅስቀሳ ጋር ነው ያያዝኩት። (ቪዲዮው ላይ ከ 58:40 ደቂቃ ላይ ይሰማል) በ ‘TDF’ ፈንታ ‘ሕወሓት’ ማለቱን እናስምርበት።

ታዲያ ወዲያው እራሴን የጠየቅኩት፤ ሕወሓት ከፋሺስቱ ኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ጋር ረሃብን እንደ መሳሪያ/ ጦር መሳሪያ እየተጠቀመበት ነውን?” የሚለውን ጥያቄ ነው። ታዲያ ሕወሓቶች አሁን የምግብ እርዳታውን ለምርጫ ወይም ለሬፈረንደም ይገለገሉበት ይሆን? ከፍተኛ ችግር እና ሰቆቃ ላይ ስላለ አማራጭ ያጣውን ሕዝብ ትግራይ እንድትገነጠል ድምጽህን ስጥ፣ ይህን የሉሲፈርን/ቻይናን ባንዲራ አውለብልብ፣ ከዓብያተ ክርስቲያናቱ እና ገዳማቱ ላይ ጽዮናዊውን የኢትዮጳያ አረንጓዴ ቢጫ ቀይ ቀለማት የምትቀይሯቸው ከሆነ ብቻ ነው ምግብና መድኃኒት የምንሰጣችሁወዘተበማለት ስታሊናዊ/አልባኒያዊ ሕልማቸውን በሥራ ላይ ያውሉት ይሆንን?

🔥 “ችግር – ምላሽ – መፍትሔ / “Problem – Reaction – Solution”🔥

ችግሩን (ጦርነት + ረሃብ + በሽታ) ፈጥረውብናል፤ ለዓመት ያህል በባንዲራ እያጀቡ ህሉንም ነገር አስተዋውቀዋል፤ አሁን ምላሽ እየሰጡ ነው፤ መፍትሔው፤ “የክርስቶስ ተቃዋሚውን ተቀበሉ፤ ሃይማኖቱን፣ ባሕሉን፣ ቋንቋውን፣ ኤኮኖሚውን፣ ምግቡን፣ ክትባቱን ወዘተ

💭እስላማዊቷን የኦሮሚያ ኤሚራት ለመመስረት የትግራይ ሕዝብ መስዋዕት እንዲከፍል እየተደረገ ነውን?

ግራኝ አህመድና ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን ደሙን ለዋቄዮአላህሉሲፈር እያስገበሩት ነውን?

ላለፉት መቶ ሠላሳ ዓመታት እነዚህ መናፍቃን እና የኦሮሙማው ዘንዶ ተልዕኮ ተዋሕዶ ክርስቲያን ሰሜኑን በደረጃ አዳክሞ ማጥፋት እንደሆነ ዛሬ ብዙዎች እየገባቸው መጥቷል የሚል እምነት አለኝ። በተለይ በኤርትራ ተጋሩዎች ላይ የፈጸሙትን ዓይነት ኢትዮጵያን የመንጠቂያ ዘይቤ በትግራይ ተጋሩዎች ላይ በተለይ ባለፉት አሥር ወራት በመጠቀም ላይ ናቸው። የአህዛብ መናፍቃኑ ዋና ሉሲፈራዊ የጥቃት ዓላማ፤ ተጋሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን በሂደት ከኢትዮጵያዊነታቸው፣ ከሰንደቃቸው እና ከግዕዝ ቋንቋቸው እንዲነጠሉ ማድረግ፤ ይህ ከተሳካላቸው ተዋሕዶ ሃይማኖታቸውን በጨረር፣ በኬሚካል፣ በተበከሉ የእርዳታ ምግቦችና በሜዲያ ቅስቀሳዎች በቀላሉ እንዲተው ማድረግ ይቻላል የሚል እምነት አላቸው። በኤርትራም ላለፉት ሰላሳ ዓመታት የታየው ይህ ነው(ከምኒልክ ዲያብሎሳዊ ወንድማማቾችን የመከፋፈል ሤራ እስከ ኃይለ ሥላሴ የእንግሊዝ ተዋጊ አውሮፕላኖች ቦምብ ድብደባ እና ረሃብ እስከ ትግራይ እንዲሁም የአሜሪካ ቃኛው ጣቢያ በኤርትራ፣ የመንገስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም እና ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ ሤራ ድረስ)። በዛሬዋ ኤርትራ ከመቶ ሰላሳ ዓመታት በፊት የተከሉትን ችግኝ ዛሬ ጎንደር አካባቢ በሰፈሩ መናፍቃን ኦሮማራዎች አማካኝነት ወደ ትግራይ በማስገባት ላይ ናቸው። ጣልያኖች እኮ ያኔ፤ “አንገዛም ባሉት ሀበሾች ዘንድ ለሺህ ዓመት የሚቆይ መርዛማ ችግኝ ተክለናል” ብለው ነበር። ይህን ነው ዛሬ እያየነው ያለነው!

👉 ከዚህም በመነሳት ከዋቄዮአላህሉሲፈር የአህዛብ ባዕድ አምልኮ ጋር በቀጥታ የተያያዙትና ለዚህም ተጠያቂ የሆኑት አራቱ ትውልዶች እነዚህ ናቸው፦

፬ኛ. የሻዕቢያ/ህወሓት/የኢሕአዴግ/ኦነግ/ብልጽግና/ኢዜማ/አብን ትውልድ

፫ኛ. የደርግ መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም ትውልድ

፪ኛ. የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ ትውልድ

፩ኛ. የአፄ ምኒልክ/አቴቴ ጣይቱ ትውልድ

ናቸው።

/ 90% በሆነ እርግጠኛነት፤ በእነ ዶ/ር ደብረጽዮን የሚመራውና ዋቄዮአላህሉሲፈርን ለማንገስ በመሥራት ላይ ያለው የሕወሓት አንጃ (የምንሊክ አራተኛ ትውልድ) ይህን የዘር ማጥፋት ጦርነት ከግራኝ ኦሮሞዎች ጋር ሆኖ ጀምሮታል። ይህ ከመቶ ሃምሳ ዓመት በፊት ልክ አፄ ምንሊክ እንደነገሱ የረቀቀና ከ ሃምሳ ዓመታት በፊት ዛሬ በምናየው መልክ በሥራ ላይ መዋል የጀመረ ዕቅድ ነው።

👉 ቅደም ተከተሉ በከፊል፤

ሕወሓት አዲስ አበባን እንዲቆጣጠር ተደርጎ ፬ኛው የምንሊክ አገዛዝ በኢህአዴግ ሥር ተቋቋመ

ሕወሓቶች ከሃያ ሰባት ዓመታት በኋላ ሥልጣኑን ለኦሮሞዎች እንዲያስረክቡ ፈረሙ። የባድሜ እና የዛሬው ጽዮናውያንን የማጥፊያና ማዳከሚያ ጦርነት ዕቅድም የተጠነሰሰው በዚህ ወቅት ነበር። ተፈራርመዋል። ዛሬ ለእነ አቡነ መርቆርዮስ፣ ዮሐንስ ቧ ያለው፣ ዳንኤል ክብረት፣ እስክንድር ነጋ፣ ሄርሜላ አረጋዊ እና ሌሎችም እባቡ ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ ሰነዱን አሳይቷቸው ይሆን? ይመስለኛል!

ብዙም ሳይቆይ ኦነግ ለስልት ሲባል ከአገዛዙ ለቅቆ እንዲወጣና ወደ ኤርትራ እንዲሄድ ተደረገ (ልብ እንበል፤ ሁሉም ወደ ኬኒያ ሶማሊያ ወይንም ሱዳን ሳይሆን ወደ ጽዮናውያኑ ኤርትራውያን ነው የተላኩት፤ ኦነግ፣ ግንቦት9፣ ፋኖ ወዘተ ጽዮናውያን የኢትዮጵያ ባለቤቶች ስለሆኑ)

ከስህተታቸው የተማሩት እንደ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ያሉ የ ኢትዮጵያ አቀንቃኞችእንዲገደሉ ተደረገ

ደቡባዊው ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ተመረጠ፤ ጊዜው ሲደርስ ሕወሓት ስልጣኑን ሙሉ በሙሉ ለኦሮሞዎች አስረክቦ ወደ መቐለ እንዲመለስ በእነ ፕሬዚደንት ዶናልድ ትራምፕ (አምባሳደር ያማሞቶ) ታዘዘ። የቀድሞው የናይጄሪያ ፕሬዚደንት ኦሉሴጎን ኦባሳንጆ በኢትዮጵያ የሰፋፊ የእርሻ መሬት ተሰጣቸው። ዳንጎቴ የተባለውም ሙስሊም የናይጄሪያ ባለሃብት በኢትዮጵያ ፋብሪካዎችን እንዲከፍት ተደረገ።

ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ በሰዶማውያኑ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር እንዲሆን ተደረገ። ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ እና ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን በአክሱምና በናዝሬት ተገናኙ፤ እነ አባዱላ ገመዳ ወደ መቐለ ሄዱ፤ በማግስቱ እነ ጄነራል ሰዓረ፣ ጄነራል አሳምነው፣ ዶ/ር አምባቸውና ሌሎችም የጦርነት ተቀናቃኞች ተገደሉ።

ሙቀታቸውን ለመለካት እንደ አቶ ስዩም መስፍን በተለያዩ ሜዲያዎች እየወጡ ቃለ መጠይቅ እንዲሰጡ ተደረጉ። እነ ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን እና አቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ ለቃለ መጠይቅ በሜዲያዎች የቀርቡበት ጊዜ ይኖራልን? ንግግሮችን አሰምተዋል እንጂ ከጋዜጠኞች ጋር ቃለ ምልልስ ሲያደርጉ አላየሁም። ልክ ዛሬ ግራኝ በጭራሽ ቃለ ምልልስ እንድያደርግ በሲ.አይ.ኤ ሞግዚቶቹ እንደተመከረው።

ጦርነቱ ሊጀምር ወራት ሲቀሩት የትግራይን ሕዝብ ሙቀት ለመለካት፤ የግዕዝ ቋንቋ በትምሕርት ቤት በመደበኛነት እንዲሰጥ ታዘዘ፣ ፈንቅል የተባለ እንቅስቃሴ ተጀመረ፣ ምርጫ ተካሄደ።

በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ጦርነቱ ተጀመረ፤ ለጦርነቱ የተዘጋጁት የኤሚራቶች ድሮኖች አሰብ እንደሚገኙ ሁሉም ያውቁ ነበር። እንኳንስ እነርሱ እኛም እናውቅ ነበር።

በጦርነቱ መኻል ልክ እንደ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር መለስ ዜናዊ፤ “ትግራይ ለመገንጠል ብትገደድ እንኳን የኢትዮጵያን ስም እንዲሁም ሰንደቋን ይዛ ነው የምትገነጠለው ብለው ያምኑ የነበሩት ጽዮናውያን ተጋሩዎች እነ አቶ ስዩም መስፍን፣ አቦይ ፀሐዬ፣ ሕወሓትን በመቃወም የሚታወቁትና “ፈንቅል” በመባል የሚታወቀውን የተቃውሞ እንቅስቃሴ በሊቀመንበርነት ሲመሩ የነበሩት አቶ የማነ ንጉሥ፣ የትግራይ ቴሌቪዥን ጋዜጠኛ ዳዊት ከበደና ጓደኛው እንዲሁም ሌሎች ተገደሉ። የትግራይን እናቶች ሲደፍሩና በተዋጊ በራሪዎች ሲጨፈጭፉ የነበሩ ኦሮሞ ወታደሮች በ”ምርኮኛ” መልክ መቀሌ እንዲገቡ ተደረጉ፣ ፓይለቶቹ ወደ ደብረ ዘይት ተላኩ።

ከወራት በፊት የፋሺስቱ ኦሮሞ አገዛዝ ሰአራዊት ከትግራይ እንዲወጣ ተደረገ/ተገደደ።

አሁን ሁሉም አካላት ቀጣዩንና ዛሬ የምናየውን ልክ ሆሎዶሞር ረሃብበዩክሬን ሕዝቦች ላይ ዬሲፍ ስታሌን የፈጸመውን ዓይነት የረሃብ ዕልቂት (ከሶስት ሚሊየን እስከ አስራ አራት ሚሊየን ዩክራናውያን አልቀዋል። ኡ! !) ለመድገም በትግራይም የኛዎቹ የስታሊን ርዝራዦች ሕዝቡን በረሃብ ለመጨረሽ ጥይትአልባ ጦርነቱን ጀመሩ። በነገራችን ላይ፤ ዮሴፍ ስታሊን ሩሲያዊ ሳይሆን ጆርጃዊ (ካውካስ) ነው፤ ልክ የቱርኩ ፕሬዚደንት ኤርዶጋን የቱርክ ሳይሆን የጆርጂያ ዝርያ እንዳለው። ኦርቶዶክስ ክርስቲያን በሆነችው ጆርጂያ ያለው ቅጥረኛ መንግስት ዛሬ ፀረሩሲያ፣ ፀረአርሜኒያ አቋም ያለውን ከም ዕራባውያኑ ኤዶማውያንና ከምስራቃውያኑ እስማኤላውያን ጎን የቆመ ነው። ልክ እንደ እኛዎቹ አማራዎች።

ከዘንዶው የናይጄሪያ የዮሩባ ነገድ የተገኙትንና የቀጣዩ የኖቤል ሰላም ተሸላሚ ሊያደርጓቸው የሚያስቡትን የሰማኒያ አራት ዓመት አዛውንቱን ኦባሳንጆን ወደ መቐለ እየላኩ የረሃቡን ጊዜ እያረሳሱ በማራዘም ላይ ናቸው።

💭 ታዲያ አሁን እነ ዶ/ር ደብረ ጺዮን የትግራይን ሕዝብ በረሃብ በመቅጣት ላለሙለት ሬፈረንደምና ለሉሲፈር/ቻይና ባንዲራቸው ድጋፍ ይሰጣቸው በማዘጋጀት ላይ ናቸውን? በነገራችን ላይ ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን ኦሉሴጎን ኦባሳንጆን የመሰለ ገጽታ በመያዝ ላይ ናቸው። ሰይጣናዊ ደም የመስጠት ሥነ ስርዓት (Satanic Blood Transfusion) ለማድረግ ይሆን ወደ መቐለ አዘውትረው የሚጓዙት? በዚህ እድሜያቸው እንዴት ብዙ ጊዜ ለመብረር ቻሉ?

😔😔😔 ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ! 😢😢😢

💭 Far From Toppling Statues, Former Soviet Union Puts Up New Monuments To Stalin

Many Russian Christian leaders were signatories to a letter to the Bishop of Moscow protesting Stalin’s inclusion in the cathedral mural due to his crimes,

After Cathedral of Russian Armed Forces almost unveiled a mural of late dictator on June 22, Moscow-born former MK Ksenia Svetlova explores a troubling new trend of Stalin worship

The radiant golden domes of the newly constructed Main Cathedral of the Russian Armed Forces loom high over Moscow’s Patriot Park.

Also known as the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ, the cathedral was originally scheduled for completion in time for a Victory Day parade on May 9. It was to have been a big celebration, in commemoration of the 75th anniversary of Russia’s triumph over Nazi Germany in World War II.

Due to the ongoing coronavirus crisis, the parade and the cathedral’s inauguration were delayed until June 22 — a day of memory and sorrow marking the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union and the launch of the Great Patriotic War.

But even prior to its official dedication, the massive structure honoring both Christ’s resurrection and Russia’s routing of the Nazis in the Great Patriotic War (Russian link) had turned into a source of controversy.

By April’s end, photos of the cathedral’s interior were leaked to the press. Its mosaics featured not only saints and ancient Russian war heroes, but also some familiar faces from the 20th and 21st centuries. Along with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, one can easily spot Joseph Stalin, the brutal Soviet leader who killed millions of his own citizens during a sadistic era of repression.

Stalin, a would-be priest who once studied in religious seminary in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia), was a determined enemy of the church and religion in general.

In 1931, Stalin ordered demolished the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, a majestic Moscow fixture whose construction took 40 years and was initiated by Tsar Alexander I. It was turned into a swimming pool in 1958 by Nikita Khrushchev, and finally rebuilt between 1995 and 2000 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

In 1932, Stalin launched a ruthless campaign for the eradication of religion. In 1937, the Great Purge, orchestrated by Stalin and executed by his loyalists, took the lives of millions of Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish, Tatar, Latvian, and Estonian men, women, and children, along with many others, including clergy.

Many Russian Christian leaders were signatories to a letter to the Bishop of Moscow protesting Stalin’s inclusion in the cathedral mural due to his crimes, but for some time the decision was defended by both the Russian Orthodox Church and the military.

By mid-May the images of both Putin and Stalin had disappeared from the mosaics. Some segments of the Russian public approved of the move, while many others expressed outrage. At the same time, the capitals of two pro-Russian entities — the self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and South Ossetia — changed the names of their respective capitals, Donetsk and Tskhinvali, to Stalino and Stalinir.

Despite Stalin being one of the darkest figures in Russian history, according to a 2018 poll, half of Russian youth up to age 24 had never heard of the atrocities committed under his regime. So why is he currently trending among millions of Russians?

And equally troubling: Why is the Kremlin promoting his image today, and how will this propaganda continue to affect and shape modern Russia?

Brutal tyrant or ‘effective manager’?

During the years of the perestroika from 1985 to 1991, when I was growing up in Moscow, it seemed that not a day went by without the release of a new memoir, interview or book about the repression, hunger, torture, and extermination of human beings under Stalin.

It felt like everyone had read Aleksandr Solzhenitsyin’s “The Gulag Archipelago” and the painful memoirs of Lev Razgon. Suddenly, things hardly whispered about for decades sprang to life. It became safe to speak about relatives who disappeared during the horrible purges of 1937, when people were arrested in the dead of night so as to avoid witnesses. After interrogations, torture, and speedy trials, some were executed, while others were sent to gulags — notorious forced labor camps in the Urals, Siberia, and other remote areas.

As the flow of this information increased, statues of Lenin and Stalin were toppled and broken, and people began to talk, reopening old wounds and reaching for forbidden memories.

This is how I learned about the fate of my own grandfather Constantin, my father’s father, who was arrested in 1937 and executed in 1938, as well as the “Doctors’ Plot” of 1951 to 1953. The latter was a vicious, anti-Semitic campaign in which thousands of Jewish doctors — including my grandmother Victoria — were accused of plotting to poison Stalin. They lost their jobs and were preparing to be sent to Siberia, until a few weeks after Stalin’s death the new Soviet leadership declared the plot a fabrication.

My family’s story is shared by thousands, even millions, of other Soviet families. It is not unique — and this is what makes it even more terrifying.

Three decades after the perestroika, everything has changed. That era’s heroes are now seen as naive intellectuals or opportunists who destroyed what was left of the Soviet empire, while Stalin’s legacy regains its old popularity.

According to a 2019 poll conducted by Russia’s nonprofit Levada center, a record 70 percent of Russians approved of Stalin’s role in Soviet and Russian history. In 2016, that number stood at 54%.

“By 2010 we already felt the influence of pro-Stalinists on our society, and we sort of understood what was going on,” said Irina Sherbakova, a Russian historian, author, and founding member of human rights organization Memorial, which has been following the rise of Stalinism in Russia for years.

“One of the participants in some discussions that we held was a girl whose grandfather was once forcefully exiled by Stalin from Lithuania to Siberia,” Sherbakova said. “She mentioned that in her opinion, Stalin was an ‘effective manager.’ This was at a time when Putin used to speak a lot about the need for a strong state with an effective manager — and Stalin quickly became a symbol of such a state, a leader whose authority was unlimited.”

There has been talk of strong figures since the time of Russian president Boris Yeltsin, Sherbakova said, but even Peter the Great or Ivan the Terrible didn’t resonate like Stalin. This is because Stalin is able to represent strong anti-Western and anti-liberal sentiments without alienating older people who, frustrated by economic decline and corruption, still support a left wing Leninist ideology, she said.

“Even the church adopted Stalin as a ‘powerful state’ symbol, hence the decision to include him in the cathedral, and the icons that bear his image as if he were a saint,” Sherbakova said.

Each year on October 29, the official day commemorating the victims of Soviet repression, members of Sherbakova’s Memorial organization gather near Lyubyanka — the imposing building in Moscow that once served as KGB headquarters — and read names of the victims out loud.

“We need to gather permits from 12 different offices, and each year it becomes more and more difficult, but we come back there and read the names of those who were starved, tortured, incarcerated, and murdered,” said Sherbakova.

The poignant ceremony draws a growing crowd each year. At the same time, more and more flowers appear every day by Stalin’s grave near the Kremlin walls.

A different spin

“I have a theory about this kind of Stalinism – when people wear t-shirts with Stalin’s image and say that under his rule we were a great empire,” Olga Bychkova, an influential Russian journalist and host on the Echo of Moscow radio station, told The Times of Israel.

“I believe that it’s not necessarily real fascination with Stalinism, but rather a dissatisfaction with today’s reality,” Bychkova said.

“My family had no warm feelings for Stalin,” Bychkova said. “My grandfather Matvei Glikshtein was a military doctor. He was recruited and sent to war in 1939 during the war with Finland, participated in the liberation of Bucharest and Budapest, and returned home only in May, 1945. His whole family was murdered by the Nazis in the city of Rostov in 1942.”

Bychkova said that during the Doctors’ Plot in 1952, all of her family’s friends were fired from their jobs and some were arrested. Despite her grandfather’s medals and wartime bravery, he was also fired and never regained his former status.

Bychkova’s great-uncle was arrested in 1937 for telling a joke about Stalin. The family still doesn’t know what the joke was, she said. He was only released from the camps in 1953, after Stalin’s death. It was there at the camps that he met his wife, who was sent to the gulags at age 17.

“There are not enough words to describe what they did to her there,” Bychkova said.

What they don’t know still hurts them

The 2018 poll by the VCIOM public opinion research center that found that nearly half of young Russians had never heard of Stalin’s purges, can partly explain the late despot’s growing approval rate.

Some had never met a relative who lived through that terrible time; many never learned about the repression, intentional starvation of peasants, persecution of prisoners of war who were arrested for “being spies” when they returned home after the end of WWII, horrific anti-Semitic campaigns, and the regime of fear that ruled the country for so long.

By 2010 many Russian universities were using a textbook that excused the Soviet repression as a “necessary measure” and included a false quote attributed to Winston Churchill: “Stalin received Russia with a plow and left it armed with a nuclear weapon.”

After a public outcry this book was removed from the curriculum, but many others depicting Stalin as an “effective manager” with some anger issues remained.

“My daughter went to school in the 2000s and her textbooks claimed that the victory in WWII was achieved only due to Stalin’s talent and stamina. The kids who read those textbooks are now 25 or 30 today, and if no one told them better, that’s the knowledge they have,” said Bychkova.

Sherbakova agreed. “There is a problem with how they teach history. If the narrative is ‘reforms that coincided with repressions,’ there is a problem,” she said.

If textbooks used in schools and universities imply that the atrocities perpetrated by Stalin paled in comparison to such achievements as creating “the most beautiful metro in the world,” and victory in the Great Patriotic War, how will young Russians be able to learn about their country’s dark past, especially in an age of fake news and alternative facts?

Facts are still under wraps and even the official numbers of gulag prisoners and people who were summarily executed are unavailable.

Some historians believe that 5.5 million Soviet citizens went through the conveyor belt of speedy trials, gulags, and executions; others claim that if one were to include all those forcibly deported and exiled, starved to death, interned in psychiatric hospitals, and maimed, that number would be closer to a stunning 100 million people.

In Facebook groups such as “Reading Stalin,” however, there are no trace of these numbers. In thousands of posts, Stalin is portrayed as a strong and just leader who often intervened on behalf of the “common people” and even saved them from injustice.

In one such post (link in Russian) the author describes how Stalin stepped in to help the starving peasants after receiving a complaint from renowned writer Mikhail Sholokhov.

This is historical revisionism mixed with longing for a mythical, strong-but-just brother-leader who wasn’t corrupt like the current leadership. A simple web search will lead the reader to the horrific details described by Sholokhov — babies who died from the cold, people blamed for hiding flour and forced to die of hunger, and the brutal policies spearheaded by Stalin that led to all this suffering.

Perhaps it was exactly this sort of curiosity that drove Russian YouTube star Yuri Dud to explore the connection between Stalin, repression, and gulags. In his powerful 2019 documentary, “Kolyma: The Birthplace of Our Fear,” Dud says: “I wanted to understand — where does the older generation’s fear come from? Why are they convinced that acts of courage, no matter how small, are bound to be punished?”

The documentary was viewed by millions on YouTube and was soon at the center of a vivid discussion on Russia’s past.

Steps to bridge knowledge gap

Dud’s generation might know little, but they want to know more, said Sergei Bondarenko, a historian at Memorial who researches the circumstances of arrests and executions during the Stalinist repression of the 1930s.

“What we witness today is an attempt to normalize this past and to make a label out of Stalin. Dud’s generation, very young people, naturally protest against authority — any authority. If this symbol is fed to them, they want to know why and what he’s all about. That’s why this documentary was born,” said Bondarenko.

Another recent series, “Zuleikha Opens Her Eyes,” aired on the state-run Channel 1, tells the story of uprooted Tatar woman who was exiled to Siberia. It also puts Stalin’s brutality on display and has added more fuel to an already heated discussion.

Normalized brutality?

In the 30 years since I left Russia, many things have changed. Old, forgotten symbols were resurrected from the ashes of once-powerful forces. Today I wonder: Will Stalin, the brutal dictator who built a sophisticated machine of death, torture, and forced labor to promote his nationalist agenda, be normalized and accepted by the Russian people and establishment?

Sherbakova doesn’t believe so. “[The authorities] cannot go on like this for long. They cannot offer real ideology, because in order to mobilize people one needs power and faith, and we have none today. They also cannot recreate Stalin’s system of repression — again, due to lack of massive support and faith. I believe that the surge of Stalin’s appeal is past us already,” she said.

Perhaps. While working on this feature, I asked my Facebook friends to send me their personal accounts from Stalin’s time. Within an hour I received hundreds of stories that included chilling details about arrests and gulags, fearing for loved ones, and broken lives and families.

For the sake of all of Stalin’s victims and their families, for the sake of my own grandfather — who will forever remain a 40-year-old and whose grave is unknown — I do hope that Sherbakova is right. I fervently hope that nostalgia for the “glorious past” and the narrative of an “efficient manager” will not be able to silence the truth.

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In 1931, Stalin Demolished The Cathedral of Christ The Savior | Today Orthodoxy is Life in Russia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on February 11, 2022

💭በኢትዮጵያ፤ ፀረ-ጽዮን የጥፋት ኃይሎች የስታሊንን ፈለግ ተክትለዋል

✞ የመድኃኔ ዓለም ቤተ ክርስቲያን ሞስኮ፤ ሩሲያ

ዮሴፍ ስታሊን 1931ዓ.ም ላይ አፈረሰው ፥ በ 1994 እንደገና ተነሳ

በሩሲያ ኅብረተሰብ ውስጥ ሰፊ ተቀባይነት ያላት የሩሲያ ኦርቶዶክስ ቤተ-ክርስቲያን ፸፪/72 ዓመታት በእነ ቭላዲሚር ሊኒን እና ዮሴፍ ስታሊን ኢ-አማንያን ኮሚኒስቶች ብርቱ ጭቆና ደርሶባት ብትንገላትም፣ የሶቭየት ኅብረት ኮሙዩኒስታዊ አገዛዝ ከተወገደ ወዲህ በ ፲፰/18 ዓመታት ገደማ ውስጥ እጅግ አንሠራርታ፣ የአብያተ-ክርስቲያኑ ቁጥር ተበራክቶ፣ ፴ሺ/30,000 መድረሱ፣ የገዳማቱም ቍጥር ከ ፲፰/18 ወደ ፯፻/700 ከፍ ማለታቸው ታውቋል። የቤተ ክርቲያኒቱ አባላት ቁጥርም፣ በሩሲያ ፌደሬሽን ብቻ፣ ከ ፸እስከ ፹ሚሊዮን/70-80 ሚልዮን እንደሚደርስ ነው የሚነገረው። ቤተ ክርስቲያኒቱ፣ ለመንፍሳዊ ልጆቿ፣ መንፍሳዊ አግልግሎት ብቻ ሳይሆን ፣ በትምህርት፣ በጤና አጠባበቅና ፣ በማኅበራዊ ኑሮ ሰፊ ግልጋሎት ትሰጣለች።

የሶቭየት አገዛዝ ካከተመ ወዲህ፣ በሩሲያ ፌደሬሽን ውስጥ፣ በመንግሥትና በቤተ ክርስቲያን መካከል ያለው ግንኙነት ያማረ-የሠመረ መሆኑ ይነገራል።

ወደኛ ሃገር ስንመለስ፤ በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ኢ-አማንያኑ ኮሙኒስቶች፣ መሀመዳውያኑ፣ መናፍቃኑ እና ዋቀፌታዎች በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ተመሳሳይ የጂሃድ ዘመቻ በማካሄድ ላይ ናቸው። በተለይ በትግራይ ጽዮናውያን ላይ ከደረሰው ከዚህ ሁሉ ግፍና ሰቆቃ በኋላ ዛሬም አልመለስና አልማርባዮቹ ኢ-አማንያኑ ሕወሓቶችና የግራኝ ኦሮሞዎች የዋቄዮ-አላህ ጭፍሮች ጽዮናውያንን፣ ገዳማቱን፣ ዓብያተክርስቲያኑትን ቅርሶቻቸውን ለማጥፋት በሕብረት እየተንቀሳቀሱ ያሉ ሆኖ ነው በጥልቁ የሚሰማኝ። ሰሞኑን የትግራይ ቅርሶች በአማዞን እና በኢቤይ ለሽያጭ መቅረባቸውን ስንሰማ ይህ የበረዶ ግግር ጫፍ መሆኑን ልንረዳ ይገባል፤ ገና ብዙ በጋራ የደበቋቸው ጉዶች አሉ። የትግራይ ዓብያተ ክርስቲያናትና ገዳማት ምን ዓይነት ሁኔታ ላይ እንደሚገኙ ላለፉት ስምንት ወራት ምንም ዓይነት መረጃ ሲቀርብ ለማየት አልቻልንም። የጽዮናውያንን ሕዝብ ስብጥር ለመለወጥና ለእስረኞችና ሕዝብ ልውውጥ ፖለቲካቸው ያዘጋጇቸውን “ምርኮኞችን” ብቻ ነው ሁሌ ደግመው ደጋግመው የሚያሳዩን። በአክሱም ጽዮን ላይ ባለፈው በእናታችን ጽዮን ማርያም ክብረ በዓል ዕለት የሉሲፈርን/ቻይናን ባንዲራ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ ሕንጻ ላይ በድፍረት ለመስቀል መወስናቸውና ዶ/ር ደብረጽዮን ከጥቂት ወራት በፊት፤ “ማንኛውም ትግራዋይ ሕወሓትን ከአክሱማውያኑ ታሪክ ጋር በገድልና በዝና ማክበርና ማድነቅ አለበት” ማለታቸው ዳግማዊ ስታሊን ለመሆን የሚቃጡ ፀረ-ጽዮን ጂሃዳውያን ሊሆኑ እንደሚችሉ ነው እስከዛሬ ድረስ የሚከነክነኝ። ዶ/ር ደብረጽዮንን ለትግራይ ሕዝብ ምናልባትም ከስታሊን፣ ከግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ እና ከኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ የከፉ አምባገነን ለማድረግ የተዘጋጀ ኃይል ያለ ሆኖ ነው የሚሰማኝ። ኢሳያስ አፈቆርኪ በሰላሳ ዓመት ያጠፋቸውን የኤርትራ ጽዮናውያን ተጋሩ ያህል ተጋሩዎች በአለፈው አንድ ዓመት ብቻ በትግራይ መጥፋታቸው ብዙ ሊያሳስበን ይገባል። እነዚህ ኃይሎች ብዙ የሚደቡቃቸው ነገሮች አሉ፤ “በጦርንትና በሰላም ድርድር” በኩል ጊዜ እየገዙ ብዙ ማስረጃዎችንና መረጃዎችን በመደበቅ ላይ የሚገኙ ይመስላል።

ሌኒን እና ስታሊን ከዘጠና ዓመታት በፊት በሩሲያ ኦርቶዶክስ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ላይ ያደረጉትን ግፍ ነው ሕወሓቶችና ብልጽግናዎች በጽዮናውያን ላይ እየፈጸሙና ለመፈጸም በመዘጋጀት ላይ ያሉት። ዋይ! ዋይ! ዋይ!

❖ የሞስኮውን የመድኃኔ ዓለም ቤተ ክርስቲያን ታሪክን አስታወሰን ሁኔታዎችን እናነጻጽር፤

በ1931፣ ዮሴፍ ስታሊን ይህን ድንቅና ታሪካዊ ቤተክርስቲያን እንዲፈርስ አዘዘ (ቪዲዮው ላይ ጉልላቱን ሲያፈርሱት ይታያል) በ 1994 እንደገና የታነጸው የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ ሕንፃ፤

፩. በዓለም ላይ ካሉት ሁሉ ረጅሙ የኦርቶዶክስ ክርስቲያን ቤተክርስቲያን። ቁመቱ ፻፫/103 ሜትር ነው.

፪. በሩሲያ ውስጥ ትልቁ የኦርቶዶክስ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ነው

፫. በአቅም፤ እስከ አስር ሺህ ምዕመናንን በአንዴ ማስተናገድ ይችላል።

፬. ድንቅ ሠዓሊያን እና መሐንዲሶች ቤተ ክርስቲያንን መልሰው አቋቋሙት።

፭. አስደናቂ የፓኖራሚክ እይታ አለው።

፭. ግርማ ሞገስ ያለው፣ አስደናቂ፣ ማራኪ እና በጣም ውብ የሆነ ቤተክርስቲያን ነው።

❖ The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow is:

1. The tallest Orthodox Christian Church in the world. Height of it is 103 metres.

2. It is the biggest Orthodox Church in Russia

3. A capacity is 10,000 people

4. Outstanding painters and architects reconstituted the church

5. Breathtaking panoramic view

6. It’s a majestic, impressing, picturesque and very beautiful church

The original Christ the Savior Cathedral was consecrated 130 years ago, on June 8, 1883. Since then, it has been blown to bits, replaced by a swimming pool, rebuilt and, most recently, at the epicenter of the controversial performance by activist punk rockers Pussy Riot. Here is that story told through archival footage.

Built as a result of Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow, the Cathedral was a thanksgiving for Russia & the victorious Russian Army. Construction lasted for 40 years & resulted in the largest Orthodox Cathedral in the World. Following the Russian Revolution, Stalin had the Catherdral blown up to make way for the Palace of Soviets, a “skyscraper” to Socialism & the memory of Lenin. Only the foundations were built by the time Hitler invaded Russia in 1941. Work ceased & following victory in 1945, the foundations were turned into an open-air pool. I actually swam there in 1966…… In 1994, the pool was closed and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour rose again. This time taking a mere fraction of the time to build.

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The Ukrainian Famine Genocide Repeated Today in Ethiopia

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on December 23, 2020

👉 በዛሬው ዕለት እየወጣ ያለ አሳዛኝ ዘገባ፤

በአክሱም፦ ፯፻፶/750

በአዲግራት፦ ፻፶፮/156

በውቅሮ፦ ፫፻/300

በአግሉኤ፦ ፶፭/55

በነጋሽ፦ ፹/80

በሐውዜን፦ ፳፮/26

ንጹሐን በጭካኔ ተገድለዋል

በአክሱም እና አዲግራት ዓብያተ ክርስቲያናት አቅራቢያ ነዋሪዎች ከታቦታቸው ለመነጠል እምቢ በማለታቸው ነው በኢሳያስ እና ግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ ሠራዊት የተጨፈጨፉት። ቁጥሩ ገና በጣም ከፍ ሊል ይችላል የሚል ስጋት አላቸው።

👉 ጥንታውያኑን የትግራይ ክርስቲያኖች ይጨፈጨፉ ዘንድ የሁሉም ድጋፍ አለበት፤

የግራኝ አብዮት አህመድ አሊ

የኢሳያስ አፈቆርኪ

የስብሃት ነጋ

የኦሮሙማ

የአማራማ

የእስልምና

የሶሻሊዝም/ኮሙኒዝም

የኢአማኒ

የግብረሰዶም

የፌሚኒዝም

የተባበሩት መንግስታት

የአፍሪቃ ህብረት

የአውሮፓ ህብረት

የአሜሪካ

የቻይና

የአረብ ሊግ

የሱዳን

የሶማሊያ

የግብጽ

የአምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል

የሂውማን ራይትስ ዋች

የትግራይ ኢትዮጵያውያን ከእግዚአብሔር በቀር ሌላ ማንም ረዳት፣ ጠባቂና ተዋጊ የላችሁም። እርሱ ብቻ በቂ ስለሆነ በእግዚአብሔር አምላክና ጽዮን ማርያም ተማመኑ!

As mass murderer Joseph Stalin undermined, terrorized and neutralized the nucleus and bulwark of the Ukrainian nation 90 years ago, Nobel Peace Prize “winners” Abiy Ahmed and Isaias Afewerki are doing the same in 2020, starving and slaughtering Northern Ethiopians – the nucleus and bulwark of the Ethiopian nation. And this in front of the UN, in front of the wider world – in the age of information, in the Age of Coronavirus.

“Genocide in full swing in Tigray by Eritrean forces with the permission of Abiy Ahmed. The world acts unaware & allows it with indifference. 1 event mass killing reports : 750 Axum, 300 Wukro, 55 AgluE, 80 Negash, 26 Hawzien, 156 church compound near Adigrat. The rest with starvation.”

Holodomor Famine-Genocide of 1932–33

The Holodomor Famine-Genocide of Ukrainian peasants was a tragic event was a planned repression of the peasants of Soviet Ukraine for massively resisting the Stalinist state’s collectivization drive; a deliberate offensive aimed at undermining, terrorizing, and neutralizing the nucleus and bulwark of the Ukrainian nation

Famine-Genocide of 1932–33 (Голодомор; Holodomor). The mass murder by Josef Stalin’s Soviet regime of millions of Ukrainian peasants. In recent years this national tragedy has become widely known as the Holodomor (from moryty holodom ‘to kill by means of starvation’). This tragic event was a planned repression of the peasants of Soviet Ukraine for massively resisting the Stalinist state’s collectivization drive; a deliberate offensive aimed at undermining, terrorizing, and neutralizing the nucleus and bulwark of the Ukrainian nation and recent Ukrainization efforts; and the result of the forced export of grain, other foodstuffs, and livestock in exchange for the imported machinery the USSR required for the implementation of the Stalinist policy of rapid industrialization. In 1932 Ukraine had an average grain harvest of 146.6 million centers (15.5 million centers more than in 1928), and there was no climatic danger of famine. Yet, because of onerous forced grain requisition quotas that the Bolshevik state imposed upon the Soviet Ukrainian rural population (see Grain procurement), the peasants already experienced hunger in the spring of 1932. The grain collections were brutally carried out by 112,000 special Bolshevik agents sent to extract grain by using terror against both collectivized and independent farmers. To minimize peasant opposition, on 7 August 1932 a law introduced the death penalty ‘for violating the sanctity of socialist property.’

By the end of 1932 Moscow’s food-collection plan, which far exceeded the actual harvest, was 72 percent fulfilled. The food-collection plan for 1932–3 was based on the total area of land that was to be seeded. In reality, less land was seeded than planned, and even less produced the expected crops. Consequently the rural population was left without any means of sustenance, yet the authorities did not organize any supplies to feed the villagers.

The Holodomor affected almost all parts of interwar Soviet Ukraine, but it grew to massive proportions in the areas stretching from the Kyiv to Kharkiv regions. It also occurred in the territories bordering on the Ukrainian SSR that were populated mostly by Ukrainians, such as the Kuban and the Don region. Only an insignificant part of the population—the privileged rural Communist functionaries, who were served by a special distribution system—did not experience hunger. Urban inhabitants and industrial regions suffered less, because they received food rations. But the peasants were forced to try to survive on various food surrogates. Consequently mass starvation and disease became rampant, and occurrences of cannibalism were reported. Whoever had the strength fled to the cities, to the industrial Donets Basin, or to Russia in search of food. Peasants who were caught were repressed or returned to their starving villages, where the vast majority perished alongside those who had been too weak or ill to attempt escape.

The Holodomor caused an extremely high mortality rate; in some regions it reached 20 to 25 percent of the population. Some villages in Poltava oblast, Kharkiv oblast, and Kyiv oblast were completely deserted by the spring of 1933. Most of their inhabitants perished, but some did manage to escape. In the fall of 1933 the Soviet regime began resettling those villages with Russian peasants, but the majority of them returned home within a year and were replaced by Ukrainians. Throughout the Soviet Ukrainian countryside agricultural work was barely noticeable. During the spring of 1933 armed detachments protected the state-assigned seed for sowing, and those peasants who were well enough to work the land received minimal rations. Only the first fruits and vegetables of the summer saved those who had managed to survive. But the mass effects of starvation, disease and accelerated mortality, and a falling birthrate became apparent for many years.

The fact that the 1937 Soviet census was officially declared invalid and not released suggests that its results indicated a catastrophic population decline as a consequence of the Holodomor.

The estimates of the number of how many peasants died during the Holodomor vary widely. At the high end the figure of ten million deaths has been cited, mostly by President Viktor Yushchenko. For many years seven million deaths was the number commonly used in the West. In the 1950s and 1960s some Western scholars (Dmytro Solovei, Mykola Prykhodko, William H. Chamberlin, and Vasyl I. Hryshko) estimated that there were three million to four million deaths, while Volodymyr Kubijovyč and Clarence Augustus Manning suggest the losses were two million to three million. In the late 1970s the dissident Ukrainian Helsinki Group suggested a maximum figure of six million victims. In 1981 the demographer Sergei Maksudov (pseud of Alexander Babyonyshev) determined that the population loss in Soviet Ukraine was 4.5 million. Subsequently Jacques Vallin et al essentially confirmed Maksudov’s figures with their estimate of 4.6 million deaths. Further refinements to their work have established a figure of 2.6 million deaths caused by ‘exceptional mortality.’ In 2008 the Institute of Demography and Social Research of the NANU established a figure of 4.5 million deaths: 3.4 million victims of exceptional mortality and 1.1 million non-births.

Today there is no doubt that Joseph Stalin and his closest associates planned this great tragedy. Its primary purpose was to break the backbone of the Ukrainian nation by destroying ‘the kulaks as a class,’ ie, all peasants who resisted the regime, including those who had already joined collective farms. In fact, the Holodomor was directed at the peasantry as a whole, which the Bolsheviks saw as the rank and file of the Ukrainian nationalist movement. The famine-genocide was accompanied by a massive campaign to suppress Ukrainian culture, managed by Pavel Postyshev, whom Stalin sent from Moscow to serve as second secretary of the CC CP(B)U. Leading CP(B)U members (Hryhorii Petrovsky, Mykola Skrypnyk, Vlas Chubar) tried to persuade Stalin, Postyshev, and their associates to change their policy and counteract the famine. But their efforts were rebuffed, and they themselves were accused of sabotage. In protest against the widespread atrocities Skrypnyk and Mykola Khvylovy, a prominent writer and publicist, committed suicide.

The Soviet regime remained silent about the Holodomor and provided no aid to the victims or the survivors. But news and information about what was going on reached the West and evoked public responses in Polish-ruled Western Ukraine and in the Ukrainian diaspora. Mass demonstrations and protests were organized there, and in October 1933 Mykola Lemyk, a member of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, assassinated Aleksei Mailov, the Soviet consul in Lviv, to draw public attention to the famine. Relief committees were organized in Europe and North America; memoranda were sent to the League of Nations; the issue was raised in the British parliament; and Cardinal Theodor Innitzer of Vienna headed an international relief action. But the Soviet government rejected all offers of external aid, insisting that the famine was a slanderous fabrication by enemies of the USSR. The Soviet authorities arranged a guided Potemkin-village tour of Soviet Ukraine by France’s prime minister Eduoard Herriot, who upon his return home stated that he had seen no evidence of famine and claimed Ukraine was ‘like a garden in full bloom.’

Although the foreign press did publish some information on the famine, it did not elicit a significant public response from non-Ukrainians. Indeed, in the 1930s Soviet and Communist propaganda efforts created a widespread belief in the West that life in the USSR was idyllic. Malcolm Muggeridge’s foreign-correspondent reports about the famine went unheeded in Great Britain, and many Western governments and correspondents (eg, Walter Duranty of the New York Times) avoided discussing or writing about the famine and sometimes even deliberately denied it.

Source

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