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In Ethiopia, Behind The Scenes Negotiations Between The Government and The Tigray Forces

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on June 10, 2022

💭 ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከትዕይንቱ ጀርባ በመንግስት እና በትግራይ ሃይሎች መካከል የተደረገ ድርድር

💭 ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አብይ አህመድ እና በሀገሪቱ ሰሜናዊ ክፍል ያሉ ታጣቂዎች በታንዛኒያ በሰኔ ወር መጨረሻ በአንድ ጠረጴዛ ላይ ይገናኛሉ ተብሎ ይጠበቃል።

☆ “በአዲስ አበባ የሚገኙ ዲፕሎማት እንዳሉት “የትግራይ አመራር የወልቃይትን ጥያቄ ቀስ በቀስ ወደ ጎን መተው ስሜት ፈጥሮበታል” ብለዋል።

ኢትዮጵያውያ እና ለም አቀፍ ተንታኞች እንደሚሉት የትግራይ ኃይሎች አሁን ወደ ሰሜን እያዩ ነውማለትም ወደ ኤርትራ።

☆ “According to a diplomat stationed in Addis Ababa, “the Tigrayan leadership gives the impression of gradually abandoning its claims to Wolqayt”

☆ „According to Ethiopian and international analysts, Tigrayan rebels are now “looking north,” that is, towards Eritrea. „

💭 በታንዛኒያ? በአጋጣሚ? 😲

ከዓመት በፊት ወረርሽኙን በተመለከት በሉሲፈራውያኑ የዓለማችን ፈላጭ ቆራጮች ላይ ሲያምጹ የነበሩት የታንዛኒያ ፕሬዚደንት ጆን ማጉፉሊ ልክ እንደ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር መለስ ተወገዱ። እሳቸውን ማን እንዲተካ ተደረገ? አዎ! ድንኳን ተከናንባ ቁንጥ ቁንጥ የምትለዋ ጂሃዳዊትና የካሊፋቱ ወኪል ወይዘሮ ሳሚያ ሱሉሁ ሃሰን

አሁን ነጠብጣቦቹን እናገናኛቸው። አዎ! ለሁሉም ነገር በቅደም ተከተል ገና ዱሮ ተዘጋጅተውበታል። ሁሉም ነገር በሉሲፈራውያኑ ስክሪፕት ነው እየተካሄደ ያለው። ግን ለጊዜው ነው!

❖❖❖[የዮሐንስ ራእይ ምዕራፍ ፲፪፲፪]❖❖❖

ስለዚህ፥ ሰማይና በውስጡ የምታድሩ ሆይ፥ ደስ ይበላችሁ፤ ለምድርና ለባሕር ወዮላቸው፥ ዲያብሎስ ጥቂት ዘመን እንዳለው አውቆ በታላቅ ቍጣ ወደ እናንተ ወርዶአልና።

👉 Courtesy: LeMonde

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and insurgents in the north of the country are expected to meet at the same table in Tanzania by the end of June.

After the truce, peace? While humanitarian aid trucks have been flowing to the rebel province of northern Ethiopia since March, the government of Abiy Ahmed and the insurgents of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) are now reportedly considering negotiations. According to several African and Western diplomats, discussions could begin at the end of June in Tanzania, probably in the city of Arusha, known for hosting the Rwandan peace process in 1993.

At the origin of this rapprochement, Olusegun Obasanjo, the special envoy for the Horn of Africa of the African Union (AU), has in recent months increased the number of return trips between Addis Ababa and Makalé, the provincial capital of Tigray. Backed behind the scenes by Western chancelleries, the 86-year-old former Nigerian president has been advocating a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire between Ethiopian federal authorities and rebels since September 2021. The war, launched in November 2020, has already killed tens of thousands of people, displaced millions and plunged northern Ethiopia into a serious humanitarian crisis.

As they take shape, the negotiations behind closed doors should bring together two delegations, of five members each. If the signing of a ceasefire, an agreement on humanitarian deliveries and the resumption of basic services (electricity, banking, fuel) are clearly on the table, territorial issues should not be addressed.

Training and recruitment

According to a diplomat stationed in Addis Ababa, “the Tigrayan leadership gives the impression of gradually abandoning its claims to Wolqayt”, a hotly contested territory located in western Tigray. The Amhara militias, who took control of this 12,000 square km strip of land border of Sudan, in November 2020, would have pushed more than 720,000 Tigrayans to the departure, according to a report by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. Forced displacement and violence that the United States described in March 2021 as “ethnic cleansing”.

For the time being, the two camps are discreet about possible talks. But the change in tone is palpable in the halls of the federal government. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s spokeswoman, Billene Seyoum, said on Monday June 6 that the government “adopted a peaceful posture » and that he was “fully committed to the African Union peace initiative”. A voluntarism displayed not devoid of mistrust. According to Billene Seyoum, the TPLF “continues to forcibly conscript combatants into its ranks”.

Several observers who recently visited Tigray confirmed to Le Monde that extensive training and recruitment was taking place in the city and in the countryside, without being able to attest to the forced nature of conscription. According to Ethiopian and international analysts, Tigrayan rebels are now “looking north,” that is, towards Eritrea.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s allies during the first phase of the conflict, Eritrean troops occupied the entire Tigrayan territory between November 2020 and June 2021. They are accused, by an investigation by the United Nations and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, of rape and executions of civilians, and of looting the region. Clashes continue today between Tigrayan and Eritrean forces. In particular, skirmishes have taken place since late May in Sheraro, on the border. The area was already at the heart of the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia from 1998 to 2000.

Crucial moment

An outbreak of violence on Ethiopia’s northern border is all the less excluded because the alliance sealed at the beginning of the war between Abiy Ahmed and his Eritrean counterpart, Isaias Afwerki, is beating the wing. Addis Ababa does not welcome Asmara’s rapprochement with the nationalist forces in the Amhara region, who are determined to continue the war and eradicate the TPLF.

To undermine this understanding, the Ethiopian federal authorities arrested at the end of May more than 4,500 Amhara politicians, military and militiamen suspected of taking part in “illegal activities” and “sowing chaos.” Among them is former Amhara Special Forces Chief General Tefera Mamo. “He was apprehended because he was quietly meeting with senior Eritrean officials,” said an expert on Ethiopian politics. Abiy Ahmed feared an Amhara uprising by Eritrea. “

The moment is crucial for power in Addis Ababa. The Ethiopian economy suffocated because of a lack of foreign currency, and the Government must pledge goodwill to the international community. “Engaging in a peace process is meeting the Western expectations that have been repeated by the European Union and the United States for several months,” one diplomat said. The World Bank has just released $300 million (€280 million) for Ethiopia. At the end of June, it will be the turn of the European Union’s Foreign Affairs Council to discuss the cooperation and financial assistance it intends to provide to the country of the Horn of Africa.

Source


💭 /ር ደብረጽዮን እና የግራኝ ሚስት አቴቴ ዝናሽ በሽሬ ተገናኙ

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