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Ethiopia's World / የኢትዮጵያ ዓለም

U of Toronto, Canada Has a Class on Ancient Ethiopic Language (Ge’ez) With a Donation From The Weeknd (Abel Tesfaye)

Posted by addisethiopia / አዲስ ኢትዮጵያ on October 29, 2021

💭የካናዳዋ ቶሮንቶ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ከድምጻዊው አቤል ተስፋዬ ስጦታ ጋር የጥንታዊውን ግዕዝ ቋንቋን በማስተማር ላይ ይገኛል።

💥 አምና ላይ የፋሺስቱ ኦሮሞ አገዛዝ በትግራይ ላይ የዘር ማጥፋት ጦርነቱን ከመጀመሩ ከአንድ ወር በፊት ይህን ዜና የጽዮናውያን ጠላት ከሆነው የኦሮሞ ሜዲያ፤ “አደባባይ ሜዲያ” ላይ በቁጭት መልክ ሲለፈለፍ ሰምቼው ነበር፤

💭 “በትግራይ የግእዝ ቋንቋ በመደበኛ ትምህርት መርሀግብር ሊሰጥ ነው

👉 September 13, 2020

በትግራይ ክልል የግእዝ ቋንቋን በመደበኛ የትምህርት መርሀ ግብር ለመስጠት ዝግጅት መደረጉን የክልሉ ቋንቋዎች አካዳሚና ትምህርት ቢሮ አስታወቁ።

የትግራይ ቋንቋዎች አካዳሚ ዋና ዳይሬክተር ዶክተር ዳንኤል ተክሉ ለኢዜአ እንደገለፁት በሀገሪቱ በግእዝ ቋንቋ የታተሙ በሺህዎች የሚቆጠሩ ጥንታዊ የብራናና የመጽሀፍት ህትመቶች አሉ።

አዲሱ ትውልድ ፅሁፎችን በማንበብ የሀገሩን ባህልና ቋንቋ እንዲሁም ታሪክና ማንነት ጠንቅቆ እንዲያውቅ ለማበረታታት የቋንቋውን ትምህርት መስጠት አስፈልጓል” ብለዋል።

በተያዘው 2013 አመት በክልሉ በሚገኙ ትምህርት ቤቶች ትምሀርቱን ለመስጠት ዝግጅት መደረጉን አመላክተዋል ።

ከትግርኛ፣ ኩናምኛና ሳሆኛ ቋንቋዎች ቀጥሎ ግዕዝ አራተኛ ቋንቋ ሆኖ በክልሉ በሚገኙ የአንደኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤቶች እንዲሰጥ የክልሉ ትምህርት ቢሮ ኃላፊነት ወስዶ እየሰራ መሆኑን ገልጸዋል ።

ቢሮው የመማር ማስተማር ስራውን እንዲጀምር በክልሉ ምክር ቤት በአዋጅ መጽደቁንም አስታውቀዋል።

የትግራይ ክልል ትምህርት ቢሮ ምክትል ኃላፊ አቶ ባህታ ወልደሚካኤል በበኩላቸው የግዕዝ ቋንቋ ትምህርትን በክልሉ በሚገኙ ከ2 ሺህ በላይ የአንደኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤቶች ለማስጀመር የመምህራንና የመማሪያ መፃፍት ዝግጅት እየተደረገ ነው።

ከስድስት ወራት በኋላ ትምሀርቱን ለመጀመር እቅድ መያዙን አመላክተዋል ።

በመቐሌ የሃወልት ክፍለ ከተማ ነዋሪና የሰላም አካዳሚ የትግርኛ ቋንቋ መምህር ሃዱሽ አታክልቲ የግዕዝ ቋንቋ በመደበኛ የትምህርት መርህ ግብር እንዲሰጥ መታቀዱ ተገቢ መሆኑን ተናግረዋል።

የትምህርቱ መሰጠት በየአብያተ ክርስትያናትና ገዳማት ውስጥ የሚገኙና በግዕዝ ቋንቋ ተጽፈው የታተሙ ጥንታዊና ታሪካዊ መፃህፍቶችን በቀላሉ አንብቦ ለመገንዘብ አስተዋጽኦ እንዳለው ገልጸዋል ።

ለኢትዮጵያ የቱሪዝም ልማት እድገትም ያለው አስተዋጽኦ የጎላ መሆኑን ጠቅሰዋል።

አዲሱ ትውልድ በመጤ ቋንቋዎችና ባህሎች ከመበረዝ ይልቅ የሀገሩን ባህልና ቋንቋ በሚገባ እንዲያውቅና እንዲጠብቅ ያስችለዋል” ሲሉም መምህር ሃዱሽ አስታውቀዋል።

💭 ፋሺስቱ የኦሮሞ አገዛዝ የዘር ማጥፋት ጦርነቱን በአቡነ ተክለ ሐይማኖት ዕለት ለመጀመር ከገፋፉት ምክኒያቶቹ አንዱ የትግራይ ሕፃናት የግዕዝ ቋንቋን እንዳይማሩ ለማድረግ ሲል ነው። ሁሉም ኬኛዎችበከንቱው የኩሽ ህልማቸው የግዕዝንም ቋንቋ ለመውረስ ይሻሉና።

💥 አይ የሰሜኑ ወገኔ፤ የእነዚህን ፍጥረታት እርጉምነት ገና በደንብ አልተረዳኸወም እኮ!

💭 The university is now one of the only places in the world where students can learn Ge’ez

Tens of thousands of ancient Ethiopic manuscripts – maybe more – have collected dust for over a century because they are written in what is now a rarely studied language, Ge’ez.

But a new course at the University of Toronto is teaching a new generation of students to understand the ancient Semitic language so that one day they can access this long-lost trove of knowledge.

This week, Professor Robert Holmstedt of the department of Near and Middle Eastern civilizations welcomed 25 students and members of Toronto’s Ethiopian community to the first day of an introductory course on Ge’ez, which like Latin, is only used in religious services, in this case for the Ethiopian Orthodox and Catholic churches.

Read more about the Ge’ez course at CBC News

With this course, U of T becomes one of the only places in the world where students can learn the fundamentals of Ge’ez. The program came about through several significant donations, including from The Weeknd, the Ethiopian community and the Faculty of Arts & Science.

Department chair Professor Tim Harrison has said that he hopes, with continued support, U of T will eventually add more courses and be positioned to launch the first Ethiopian studies program in North America.


Since the subject is so rarely taught, Holmstedt had to invent course materials and revise one of the only Ge’ez textbooks in English, the 40-year-old Introduction to Classical Ethiopic: Ge’ez by Thomas O. Lambdin. Ge’ez is a window into an ancient culture and offers insights into other Semitic languages, he said.

“I like giving students access to things that 99.5 per cent of the world doesn’t have access to,” he said. “It’s part of advancing our knowledge and the pursuit of truth. This is the very nature of the university. We can’t leave this behind.”

Hear CBC Metro Morning talk about the course on Ge’ez

Michael Gervers, a history professor at U of T Scarborough, helped launch the course with a $50,000 donation and a call to Toronto’s Ethiopian community to contribute.

The call was answered and the donation matched by none other than Toronto native and Grammy-award winning artist Abel Tesfaye, a.k.a. The Weeknd.

Read about The Weeknd’s donation

The campaign for the language course has a $200,000 goal and has received support from the Faculty of Arts & Science and the Bikila Awards organization, a local Ethiopian community group named after Olympic marathoner Adebe Bikila.

On Monday, just as he had promised, Gervers sat in on the class, hoping to be one of the first to learn the language at U of T.

Although he has been studying ancient Ethiopia for 40 years – he has swung from ropes to explore rock-cut monasteries in Ethiopia and created a database of tens of thousands of photographs of Ethiopian art and culture – Gervers does not know the language.

Amharic-speaking students helped him with his pronunciation when he was asked to recite a letter of the alphabet.


The course’s first students included members of the Ethiopian and Eritrean communities, students with an interest in Ethiopian culture, medievalists and students in comparative linguistics.

Before any of the students can uncover the secrets of ancient Ethiopic texts, they must learn the basics. In their first class, they were introduced to Ethiopic letters and to the present tense of verbs like “to sit.”

Hours of memorization come next. Holmstedt urged his students to carry a ringlet of flashcards so they can learn the alphabet on the go.

“Walk around campus memorizing words instead of looking at your phone,” Holmstedt said.

Gervers said he hoped the Ge’ez course would be the first of many classes that would form the basis of an Ethiopian studies program at U of T. He has proposed a graduate-level course in the history of Ethiopia.

“Ethiopia is usually left out of the curriculum because it’s so different,” he said. “There is no point of entry through European languages like English, French, Spanish or Italian.”

Read more about Professor Gervers’ research on Ethiopia

The campaign will need additional funding to add further courses in Ge’ez – and even more to kickstart Ethiopian studies.

For many students in the course, the subject isn’t only academic.

Sahlegebriel Belay Gebreselassie, a third-year undergrad in international relations and political science, has an “intimate personal connection” with the class.

“It’s a part of learning my history, my language,” he said.

Source

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